Projects

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1090 records found.
Name Description Technology Rated Power (kW) Duration (HH:MM) Location Status

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Tres Amigas

The Tres Amigas Interconnection will connect the three major power grids in the US, allowing energy to be sold across the US for the first time. An energy storage system (TBD) will provide regulation services for this complex facility.

Advanced Lead Acid Battery 100 2:00.00 Clovis, New Mexico, United States

Contracted

City of Painesville Municipal Power Vanadium Redox Battery Demonstration

This system is designed to demonstrate a 1.08 MW vanadium redox battery (VRB) storage system at the 32 MW municipal coal fired power plant in Painesville. The system will provide operating data and experience to help the plant maintain its daily power output requirement more efficiently while reducing its carbon footprint. The project is supported by a U.S. DOE Office of Energy ARRA grant.

Vanadium Redox Flow Battery 1,080 8:00.00 Painesville , Ohio, United States

Contracted

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Falköping Substation Smart Grid

ABB has delivered an order to the Swedish utility Falbygdens Energi (a subsidiary of Göteborgs Energi) that supplies an innovative dynamic energy storage solution for its power distribution network. The storage solution is based on a new technology that uses a battery storage device to provide stability to the grid. The equipment will be installed as part of an existing substation in the city of Falköping and will enable the storage of locally produced energy from wind turbines. Storage capacity will be 75 kilowatts (kW) in cycles of up to 60 minutes. This will help to balance peak loads during the day and enhance grid stability. It is the first such low-voltage dynamic storage solution of its kind in the country, and is part of a partnership agreement between the two companies to collaborate on developing technologies to facilitate the integration of renewable energies and the evolution of smarter grids. “We have a significant proportion of wind power connected to the grid in this region and expect this to grow further,"" said Lars Ohlsson, CEO of Falbygdens Energi. ""This innovative storage solution will make it possible to store wind energy during the night when demand is low and distribute it to users during the day, allowing us to use this clean renewable energy more efficiently and minimizing the need for fossil fuel-based electricity generation. As part of this pilot, we will also study the feasibility of the stored energy to be deployed as auxiliary power for charging of electrical vehicles.

Lithium Ion Battery 75 1:00.00 Åselegatan, Falköping, Västra götaland 521 21, Sweden

Operational

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Metlakatla BESS

Metlakatla Power and Light (MP&L) has a BESS installation consisting of Exide (GNB Industrial Power) VRLA cells, providing rapid spinning reserve, frequency control, and better power quality. Beginning operation in 1997, the MP&L BESS has a 1 MW peak power output, and 1.4 MWh energy capacity. It is capable of supporting continuous loads of 800 kilovolt amperes (kVA), pulse loads up to 1200 kVA, and consists of 378 Absolyte VRLA 100A75 modules. Nearly 5 MW of hydroelectric generation capacity provides almost all of MP&L’s power, with a 3.3 MW diesel generation system relegated to reserve duty. MP&L’s two hydroelectric plants, Purple Lake and Chester Lake, have reservoir storage capacity, though the hydro generators were too slow to respond to sudden load fluctuations. At the time of the BESS’s initial operations, the MP&L peak load was approximately 4 MW. A lumber mill in Metlakatla (since closed down) caused large, sudden power spikes on the community’s islanded power system, and the BESS was installed to provide fast response for the mill’s rapid load changes. The MP&L BESS is housed in a purpose-built 40-foot by 70-foot steel butler building that sits on a cement pad. Installation cost of the 1 MW/1.4 MWh Excide Metlakatla BESS was $1.6 million in 1996 dollars (estimated cost in 2009 dollars: $2.2 million). Today, MP&L is in the process of replacing the batteries after 12 years of service. The estimated cost for a replacement of BESS’s EXIDE cells (including contingency) will be about $750,000. Spent battery cells will be sent to a lead-acid battery recycling plant in Quebec.

Lead Acid Battery 1,000 1:24.00 3.5 Mile Airport Rd., Metlakatla, Alaska 99926, United States

Operational

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McIntosh CAES Plant

The 2nd commercial CAES plant, in operation since 1991. Like the Huntorf plant, the McIntosh Unit 1 facility stores compressed air in a solution-mined salt cavern. The cavern is 220 ft in diameter and 1,000 ft tall, for a total volume of 10 million cubic feet. At full charge, the cavern is pressurized to 1,100 psi, and it is discharged down to 650 psi. During discharge, 340 pounds of air flow out of the cavern each second. The cavern can discharge for 26 hours. The plant also utilizes nuclear-sourced night-time power for compression and then produces peak power during the day by releasing the compressed air into a 110-MW gas-fired combustion turbine built by Dresser Rand. The turbine unit also makes use of an air-to-air heat exchanger to preheat air from the cavern with waste heat from the turbine. The waste heat recovery system reduces fuel usage by roughly 25%. Compared to conventional combustion turbines, the CAES-fed system can start up in 15 minutes rather than 30 minutes, uses only 30% to 40% of the natural gas, and operates efficiently down to low loads (about 25% of full load). The key function of the facility is for peak shaving.

In-ground Natural Gas Combustion Compressed Air Storage 110,000 26:00.00 Jefferson Davis Highway and Allen Barnes Rd., McIntosh, Alabama, United States

Operational

Next Gen CAES using Steel Piping

9-MW plant will use steel piping to hold pressurized air instead of geologic based air store. Preliminary plant design complete; NYSERDA funding expected in July 2012; Vendors, utility sponsor, and site location determined. Groundbreaking slated for 2013 to 2014 time frame.

Modular Compressed Air Storage 9,000 4:30.00 Queens, New York, United States

Announced

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Green Charge Networks Lithium Ion Distributed Energy Storage System at 7-Eleven

Green Charge Networks' GreenStation demonstration consists of a Lithium Ion storage unit, a system controller, two Level 2 electric vehicle chargers, and a rooftop PV array. Primary benefits include peak shaving and demand charge avoidance. The system is tied to a network operations center where loads are monitored and controlled in real-time. The project is supported by a DOE Smart Grid Demonstration Grant.

Lithium Ion Battery 50 3:00.00 61-19 Northern Boulevard, Queens, New York 11377, United States

Operational

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Green Charge Networks Lithium Ion Distributed Energy Storage System at Avis

Green Charge Networks' GreenStation demonstration consists of a Lithium Ion storage unit, a system controller, twenty-one Level 2 electric vehicle chargers, and a rooftop PV array. The GreenStation ensures that Avis has enough capacity to charge 21 EVs simultaneously, performs peak mitigation in the main building, and avoids utility service upgrades. The system is tied to a network operations center where loads are monitored and controlled in real time. The project is supported by a DOE Smart Grid Demonstration Grant.

Lithium Ion Battery 100 1:36.00 25 Bowery Bay Boulevard, Queens, New York 11371, United States

Operational

Guodian Supply-Side Energy Storage Project

This project is State Power's first supply-side energy storage project, incorporating 49.5 MW installed wind capacity and a 5 MW lithium-ion battery system. The energy storage system improves the quality of wind power electricity, reduces wind curtailment, and allows the electric power grid to accept a greater amount of wind power.

Lithium Ion Battery 5,000 2:00.00 Jinzhou, Liaoning, China

Contracted

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Iron Edison - 400Ah 48V Nickel Iron w/ Trace

This system had been installed around 1997. When the grid went down a few years ago across the northeastern US, the system owner found out that his battery no longer held any charge. He left the system disconnected until 2012 when he contacted Iron Edison to get a new battery for an old Trace inverter. This system features a 400Ah 48V Nickel Iron battery sitting atop a custom-fit battery rack. It is an off-grid system supplementing on-site renewable generation.

Nickel Iron (NiFe) Battery 20 10:00.00 Danbury, Connecticut, United States

Operational

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Kasai Green Energy Park

Kasai Green Energy Park Massive Testing Site for the Realization of a Low-Carbon Society. Panasonic is contributing towards the realization of a low-carbon society through its photovoltaic modules and lithium-ion batteries, as well as through its energy management technologies for the control of these component technologies. The company has begun various proving tests at its Kasai Plant in Hyogo prefecture,which which is Panasonic's manufacturing facility for batteries used in environmentally-friendly vehicles. By bringing together green minds, green actions, and green technologies,we are contributing in the movement towards a global low-carbon society. The Kasai Green Energy Park is at the forefront of this movement,and Panasonic is combining the efforts of all its companies in order to contribute to achieving a green society on a global level.

Lithium Ion Battery 1,500 1:00.00 Kasai, Hyogo, Japan

Operational

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Highview Pilot Plant

Highview‘s technology uses off-peak or ‘wrong-time’ power to liquefy air (710 litres of air becomes one litre of liquid air), which is then held in a tank until electricity is required. The liquid air is then returned to gaseous form, expanding 710 times, to drive a turbine. Extreme cold is recovered and stored to assist with subsequent liquefaction, thus greatly improving the overall efficiency of the system. If waste heat is available (e.g. from a neighbouring power plant or industrial process) then this can be introduced at the expansion phase, enhancing system efficiency.

Liquid Air Energy Storage 350 7:00.00 342 Edinburgh Avenue , Slough, Berkshire SL1 4TU, United Kingdom

Operational

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EnStorage Technology Demonstrator

EnStorage developed a cost effective flow battery based on proprietary hydrogen bromine technology. We connected our first technology demonstrator to the grid with a net-metering agreement and are further commercializing the system. The commercial system will have power rating of 150KW with 6 hours of storage (900kW/h) within a standard 40Ft shipping container.

Hydrogen Bromine Redox Flow Battery 50 2:00.00 Dimona, Negev, Israel

Operational

Allegheny Power RDSI Demonstration Project West Virginia Super Circuit

One component of the Super Circuit project is a microgrid: a small generation and distribution grid that can be self-sufficient locally but also operates tied to the utility grid. Microgrids are conceived of as a way of integrating home- or neighborhood-scale generation sources into the larger system and a way of reducing the scope and severity of outages, but they introduce variables that utilities need to understand better. The Super Circuit microgrid installation — a 160-kilowatt natural gas generator, a 40-kilowatt solar array and three lithium-ion batteries that can put out a total of 24 kilowatts of power for two hours, all to be wired into two commercial buildings at Research Ridge technology park in Morgantown — will serve as a laboratory for exploring those variables. Source: http://www.statejournal.com/story/20393910/wv-super-circuit-to-demonstrate-smart-grid-in-morgantown

Lithium Ion Battery 24 2:00.00 Morgantown, West Virginia, United States

Under Construction

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Texas Dispatchable Wind

The Gaines, Texas Dispatchable Wind Project is a 2.0MW wind generation project located in West Texas. It is owned and operated by Texas Dispatachable Wind 1, LLC, a subsidiary of General Compression. The project consists of a wind turbine, a General Compression Advanced Energy Storage (GCAES™) system, a storage cavern, and other electrical & ancillary facilities. The project has the capability to, during periods of low demand, store portions of the energy generated by the wind turbine and later, during periods of increased demand, release the stored energy. Construction of the project began in 2011 and the project was commissioned in late 2012.

In-ground IsoThermal Compressed Air Storage 2,000 250:00.00 Seminole, Texas, United States

Operational

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Clay Terrace Plug-In Ecosystem

75 kW / 42 kWh Toshiba battery co-located with 9.8 kW of solar generation along with 2 L2 electric vehicle chargers and one DC EVSE which is optimized by utilizing Toshiba's microEMS system.

Electrochemical 75 0:40.00 Carmel , Indiana, United States

Operational

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Benton PUD Battery Energy Storage

Benton PUD will demonstrate how small-scale distributed energy storage and generation devices could be dispatched to firm intermittent wind generation and to reduce peak electrical demand. The project's Valve Regulated Lead Acid Battery is made with AGM (advanced glass matt) technology. This project is part of the Pacific Northwest Smart Grid Demonstration Project funded by the Department of Energy.

Valve Regulated Lead Acid Battery (VRLA) 10 4:00.00 Kennewick, Washington 99337, United States

Operational

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InterContinental Hotels Group

The InterContinental San Francisco opened in February 2008 and is a LEED EBOM Gold Certified building. The InterContinental San Francisco has already benefited from traditional energy conservation and efficiency measures. Additional measures would have been difficult without compromising the comfort of hotel guests. Harry Hobbs, IHG's Western Area Director of Engineering, was looking for a way to tackle high demand charges due to load spikes, which are not addressed through standard energy efficiency measures. After hearing about the Stem system, Harry decided to deploy systems in both San Francisco InterContinental hotels. Harry was able to take advantage of the California Self-Generation Incentive Program (SGIP) to cover 60% of the system installation cost. Stem's solution was installed in November 2012 and immediately began leveraging the proprietary combination of big data, predictive analytics, and energy storage to effectively "hybridize" the hotels by intelligently switching between battery power and grid power to reduce energy costs. Independent verification of results was conducted by corporate staff using a third party revenue-grade meter and simulated load. As a result, IGH has committed to purchasing Stem systems for is California portfolio of 16 hotels in 2013, with a projected savings of $2.2 million over the next 10 years.

Lithium Ion Battery 15 1:00.00 888 Howard St. , San Francisco, California 94103, United States

Operational

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Long Island Power Authority Long Island Smart Energy Corridor

Twelve sealed absorbed glass mat (AGM) lead acid batteries planned for demonstration of storage in the residential demonstration model at Farmingdale; 60 Amp, 720W, 12V. The Long Island Power Authority (LIPA) is teaming with Stony Brook University and Farmingdale State College to create a Smart Energy Corridor located along Route 110 in Melville, Farmingdale, and South Huntington, New York. The demonstration project will integrate advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) technology with automated substation and distribution systems to reduce peak demand and energy costs while improving the ability to identify and respond to outages. AMI will be installed at 2,338 consumer locations, 1,488 will be residential. Data collectors will be installed along the Corridor to facilitate network communications. LIPA will install digital control and communications devices on 51 capacitor banks and will also install devices that automate monitoring and control of 18 overhead switches and 6 underground switches. A key aspect of this project is to evaluate the impact of a range of variables on customer behavior and consumption, including an alternative tariff structure, provision of varying levels of information and analytical tools, and outreach and energy automation for a sample of participating customers. Demonstration projects at the Farmingdale campus will include live residential and commercial models showing how intelligent devices can enable customers to understand and control their usage and integrate distributed renewable energy. Farmingdale will also provide training and education to students, technicians, and businesses as well as outreach to the community. Stony Brook University will investigate cyber security issues, research load forecasting and modeling techniques that leverage Smart Grid data, and develop tools to help customers better visualize and understand their energy usage.

Lead Acid Battery 8 n/a 333 Earle Ovington Boulevard, Uniondale, New York 11553-3606, United States

Under Construction

Pecan Street Project Inc. Energy Internet Demonstration

Pecan Street Project is developing and implementing an Energy Internet at the 711-acre Robert Mueller mixed-use development in Austin, Texas. Smart Grid systems that form the foundation of this project include automated meter information, 2-way meters, energy control gateways (a home network system that links to a customer web portal), advanced billing software, and smart thermostats. These technologies will be integrated into a microgrid that links 1,000 residential meters, 75 commercial meters, and plug-in electric vehicles (PEV). At least 100 of the residential meters will have rooftop solar photovoltaics (PV), including 15 or more affordable residences. The project will also integrate 200 residences with smart water and smart irrigation systems. Different storage technologies will be tested including thermal storage, battery technologies (e.g., lithium-ion, lithium iron magnesium phosphate, metal air, and lead acid), and possibly ultracapacitors and fuel cell systems. Distributed generation technologies integrated into the Energy Internet include solar PV (crystalline silicon and thin film), solar water heaters, and absorption chillers. Through the use of Pecan Streets’ two-way energy flow, customers can set electricity and water budgets, have software manage electricity use of individual appliances, and sell energy back to the grid; cars connected to the grid can be powered with solar energy and help level loads; and utilities can store power and deliver it when needed, - See more at: http://www.smartgrid.gov/project/pecan_street_project_inc_energy_internet_demonstration#sthash.i2Mv4MKm.dpuf

Lithium Ion Battery 15 2:30.00 3925 W BRAKER LN STE 300, Austin, Texas 78759-5371, United States

Under Construction

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Marmora Pumped Storage

The Marmora project will use an open pit and an upper reservoir in a closed-loop configuration. Combination pumps/generators will pump water up into the reservoir during off-peak periods and then release it back down into the mine during on-peak periods to generate electricity. The design provides for an average head of 140 metres, producing 400 MW of generated power to enable time-shifting to support renewable energy sources and grid demand patterns.

Closed Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 400,000 5:00.00 Marmora, Ontario, Canada

Announced

Green Charge Networks Lithium Ion Distributed Energy Storage System at 7-Eleven

Green Charge Networks' GreenStation demonstration consists of a Lithium Ion storage unit, a system controller, one DC Fast electric vehicle charger (NYC's first DC charger). Primary benefits include peak shaving and demand charge avoidance. The system is tied to a network operations center where loads are monitored and controlled in real-time. The project is supported by a DOE Smart Grid Demonstration Grant.

Lithium Ion Battery 100 1:00.00 58-20 Francis Lewis Blvd., Queens, New York 11364, United States

Operational

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Orkney Storage Park Project

"Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. (MHI), jointly with Scottish Hydro Electric Power Distribution (SHEPD), has begun an energy storage system demonstration project using the distribution grid in the UK's Orkney Islands, which has a high penetration of renewable energy. The project aims at demonstrating power supply stabilization in the region by introducing a container-housed large capacity energy storage system using lithium-ion rechargeable batteries, with a power output/input capability of 2MW (megawatts). The storage system will be handed over for operation in the middle of 2013. The demonstration project is conducted with the support of New Energy and Industrial Technology Development organization (NEDO) of Japan, under the ""Development of Technology for Safe, Low-cost, Large-size Battery System"" programme. In the project, Mitsubishi Power Systems Europe, Ltd. (MPSE), the business base for MHI's power system operations in Europe, will jointly provide the energy storage service to Scottish Hydro Electric Power Distribution plc (SHEPD) The funding for the project is being provided to SHEPD from OFGEM, under it's Tier 1 Low Carbon Network Fund. The energy storage system, which has the capacity to store approximately 800kWh (kilowatt hour) nominal, 500kWh normal usage, consists of two 40ft containers for the batteries and a 40ft container for the power conditioning system. Each battery container houses more than 2,000 units of lithium-ion rechargeable batteries and its management system. The power conditioning system container houses a system for conversion of direct current (DC)/alternating current (A/C) and the associated input/output controls. The energy storage system will be installed at SHEPD's Kirkwall Power Station. In the cases of power shortage or power surplus on the Orkney Islands, power is transmitted from/to the mainland through two 33kV submarine cables. When there is too much renewable energy, exceeding the export capacity of the cable to the mainland, the energy storage system will import part of the excess energy, reducing the need to constrain renewable generation on the islands, by reducing or stopping generator export."

Lithium Ion Battery 2,000 0:15.00 Kirkwall, Orkney, United Kingdom

Operational

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Grid on Wheels

Grid on Wheels is the first ever use of electric vehicle batteries, chargers, and charging infrastructure to participate in and generate revenue from open ancillary services markets. This project is the culmination of innovations and developments over the past 15 years including: • Bi-directional charging for EVs at up to 18 kW per vehicle • Remote control of EV charging • Third-party aggregation of EVs for the purpose of providing ancillary services • Real-time communication between vehicle, aggregator, and ISO/RTO • Rates, regulation, standards, and tariffs enabling market participation from EVs downstream of the meter Grid on Wheels is deployed at University of Delaware by eV2g, a joint venture between the University and NRG. The project uses 30 BMW MINI Es modified for V2G and provided by EV Grid. The project achieved the first successful fulfillment of and earned payment for grid regulation in PJM's ancillary services market in March, 2013. Since then Grid on Wheels has been increasing the hours and power it bids into the market. Ultimately, the 30 EVs in the project will be able to provide up to 300 kW or more of grid-up and grid-down regulation.

Lithium Ion Battery 360 2:30.00 210 S College Ave., Newark, Delaware, United States

Operational

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AllCell Chicago EV Charging Station

AllCell Technologies and Windfree announced the completion of the Chicago area's first lithium-ion energy storage system connected to a solar powered electric vehicle (EV) charging station. The state-of-the-art battery system helps buffer the electrical grid from the uneven power demands of EV charging while providing enough capacity to charge two vehicles in case of a power outage. Equipped with AllCell's proprietary thermal management technology, the battery is continuously protected from overheating to ensure safety and prolonged battery life. Development of the Evanston, IL based project was managed by Windfree, and includes a 10 kilowatt solar canopy, 40 kilowatt-hour battery system, and two Level II charging stations. One of the charging stations is used exclusively by car sharing firm I-GO, while the other is available to the public. Alternative Transportation for Chicagoland owns the installation, and other project partners included architects Farr Associates and Continental Electric Construction Company. "As more and more electric vehicles are sold each year, the strains on the electrical grid will continue to increase," said AllCell CEO Said Al-Hallaj. The combination of on-site generation and on-site storage co-located with EV charging stations will be a critical part of ensuring that continued growth in the EV market doesn't disrupt the normal operation of the electrical grid. According to WindFree President Doug Snower, "The combination of advanced battery technology incorporated with our solar canopy EV charging stations make this a dream project for Windfree. We look forward to sharing open source data through a web base monitoring portal that will demonstrate utility infrastructure benefits and energy savings."

Lithium Ion Battery 40 n/a Evanston, Illinois, United States

Operational

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Gemasolar Plant

Gemasolar is the first commercial-scale plant in the world to apply central tower receiver and molten salt heat storage technology. The relevance of this plant lies in its technological uniqueness, since it opens up the way for new thermosolar electrical generation technology. Characteristics of Gemasolar: Rated electrical power: 19.9 MW Solar field: 2,650 heliostats on 185 hectares Heat storage system: the molten salt storage tank permits independent electrical generation for up to 15 hours without any solar feed. The prolongation of the plant's operating time in the absence of solar radiation and the improvement in efficiency of the use of the heat from the sun makes Gemasolar's output much higher than that which is delivered by other technologies in a facility with the same power. The notable increase in the plant's power efficiency guarantees electrical production for 6,500 hours a year, 1.5 to 3 times more than other renewable energies. The plant will thus supply clean, safe power to 25,000 homes and reduce atmospheric CO2 emissions by more than 30,000 tons a year. The power generated by Gemasolar will be sent through a high-tension line to the substation of Villanueva del Rey (Andalusia, Spain), where it will be injected into the grid. http://www.torresolenergy.com/TORRESOL/gemasolar-plant/en Due to turbine capacity constraints we have limited output to 19.9 MW. Please note that thermal capacity is actually 50 MW.

Molten Salt Storage 19,900 15:00.00 Km 475 A4, Fuentes de Andalucía, Seville , Spain

Operational

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Acciona Energia Innovative Lithium-Ion System (ILIS) Project

Renewables group Acciona and partner Saft completed a 1 year pilot project on integrating a 1 MW lithium-ion battery onto an existing solar array in Spain, marking the first time such energy-storage technology has been used at a utility-scale PV installation in Europe. The battery was capable of storing and then discharging 560kWh of electricity. The outcome of the project resulted in the design of SCADA systems for PV+ storage power plants with the functionalities of power ramp control, primary and secondary frequency regulation, voltage regulation with active reactive power control and active power factor correction of the power plant. Acciona also developed algorithms to control the power ramps of the PV plant with lower use of the battery in order to increase its life.

Lithium Ion Battery 1,000 0:34.00 Tudela , Navarre, Spain

De-Commissioned

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Nevada Solar One Solar Power Plant

Nevada Solar One is a concentrated solar power plant, with a nominal capacity of 64 MW and maximum capacity of 75 MW, spread over an area of 400 Acres. The projected CO2 emissions avoided is equivalent to taking approximately 20,000 cars off the road annually. The project required an investment of $266 million USD, and the project officially went to operation in June 2007. Electricity production is estimated to be 134 million kilowatt hours per year. It is the second solar thermal power plant built in the United States in more than 16 years, and the largest STE plant built in the world since 1991. It is located in Eldorado Valley in the southwest fringe of Boulder City, Nevada, and was built in that city's Energy Resource Zone, which requires renewable generation as part of plant development permits; Nevada Solar One was approved as part of Duke Energy's larger El Dorado Energy project that built 1 GW of electrical generation capacity. The solar trough generation was built by Acciona Solar Power, a partially owned subsidiary of Spanish conglomerate Acciona Energy. Lauren Engineers & Constructors (Abilene, TX) was the EPC contractor for the project.Acciona purchased a 55 percent stake in Solargenix (formerly Duke Solar) and Acciona owns 95 percent of the project. Nevada Solar One is unrelated to the Solar One power plant in California.

Thermal Storage 72,000 0:30.00 Boulder City, Nevada, United States

Operational

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Planta Solar 20 Solar Power Plant (PS 20)

The PS20 solar plant consists of a 210-acre solar field made up of 1,255 heliostats designed by Abengoa Solar. Each heliostat reflects the solar radiation captured onto a receiver located at the top of a 541-foot tower to produce steam, which is generated into electricity inside a turbine. PS20 has the capacity to produce dispatchable energy with transitories thanks to its one-hour storage system.

Heat Thermal Storage 20,000 1:00.00 Sanlúcar La Mayor, Seville, Spain

Operational

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Planta Solar 10 Solar Plant

The solar field occupies 148 acres and is composed of 624 heliostats, each being 1,291 sq. ft. Designed by Abengoa Solar, these heliostats concentrate the solar radiation they capture onto a receiver located at the top of a 377-foot tower. PS10 also features a 30-minute storage capability, which enables the plant to continue running under conditions of low solar radiation and no insolation.

Heat Thermal Storage 11,000 0:30.00 Sanlúcar La Mayor, Seville, Spain

Operational

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Arcosol 50 (Valle 1)

Solar Field Solar-Field Aperture Area: 510,120 m² # of Solar Collector Assemblies (SCAs): 624 # of Loops: 156 # of SCAs per Loop: 4 SCA Aperture Area: 817 m² SCA Manufacturer (Model): Sener (SenerTrough) Heat-Transfer Fluid Type: Diphenyl/Diphenyl Oxide Solar-Field Inlet Temp: 293°C Solar-Field Outlet Temp: 393°C Solar-Field Temp Difference: 100°C Power Block Turbine Capacity (Gross): 49.9 MW Turbine Capacity (Net): 49.9 MW Output Type: Steam Rankine Power Cycle Pressure: 100.0 bar Cooling Method: Wet cooling Turbine Efficiency: 38.1% @ full load Fossil Backup Type: Natural gas

Sodium and Potassium Nitrate Molten Salt Thermal Storage 50,000 7:30.00 A-389 Pk 11, San José del Valle, Cádiz 11580, Spain

Operational

Llo Solar Thermal Project

Solar Field Solar-Field Aperture Area: 120,000 m² # of Lines: 25 Line Length: 340 m Mirror Width in Line: 14 m Collector Manufacturer : CNIM Heat-Transfer Fluid Type: Water Solar-Field Inlet Temp: 190°C Solar-Field Outlet Temp: 285°C Power Block Turbine Capacity (Gross): 9.0 MW Turbine Capacity (Net): 9.0 MW Power Cycle Pressure: 70.0 bar Cooling Method: Dry cooling Cooling Method Description: Air cooled condenser

Heat Thermal Storage 9,000 1:00.00 Llo, Pyrenees Orientales 66800, France

Contracted

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Archimede Solar Power Plant

" Archimede is a parabolic trough plant operating in Sicily, Italy. The plant produces steam (4.72-MW equivalent) sent to a combined-cycle steam turbine rated at 130 MW. This parabolic trough system is the first using molten salt as the heat-transfer fluid. A 2-tank direct system will provide 6.5 hours of thermal storage. Solar Field Solar-Field Aperture Area: 31,860 m² # of Solar Collector Assemblies (SCAs): 54 # of Loops: 9 # of SCAs per Loop: 6 SCA Aperture Area: 590 m² SCA Length: 100 m # of Modules per SCA: 8 SCA Manufacturer (Model): COMES (ENEA) Mirror Manufacturer: Ronda Reflex # of Heat Collector Elements (HCEs): 1,296 HCE Manufacturer: Archimede Solar Energy Heat-Transfer Fluid Type: Molten salt (60% NaNO?, 40% KNO?) Solar-Field Inlet Temp: 290°C Solar-Field Outlet Temp: 550°C Solar-Field Temp Difference: 260°C Power Block Turbine Capacity (Gross): 5.0 MW Turbine Capacity (Net): 4.72 MW Turbine Manufacturer: Tosi Turbine Description: The plant produces steam that is sent to the CC steam turbine, rated at 130 MW; the 4.72 MW datum is the calculated capacity added by the solar steam Power Cycle Pressure: 93.83 bar Cooling Method: Wet cooling Turbine Efficiency: 39.3% @ full load Annual Solar-to-Electricity Efficiency (Gross): 15.6%"

Sodium and Potassium Nitrate Molten Salt Thermal Storage 4,720 8:00.00 Priolo Gargallo, Sicily, Italy

Operational

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Termesol 50 (Valle 2) CSP Power Plant

Technology: Parabolic trough Land Area: 230 hectares Solar Resource: 2,097 kWh/m2/yr Cost (approx): 320,000,000 Euro Cost Info Source: Torresol Construction Job-Years: 900 Annual O&M Jobs: 45 PPA/Tariff Date: January 1, 2010 Plant Configuration Solar Field Solar-Field Aperture Area: 510,120 m² # of Solar Collector Assemblies (SCAs): 624 # of Loops: 156 # of SCAs per Loop: 4 SCA Aperture Area: 817 m² SCA Manufacturer (Model): Sener (SenerTrough) Heat-Transfer Fluid Type: Diphenyl/Diphenyl Oxide Solar-Field Inlet Temp: 293°C Solar-Field Outlet Temp: 393°C Solar-Field Temp Difference: 100°C Power Block Turbine Capacity (Gross): 49.9 MW Turbine Capacity (Net): 49.9 MW Output Type: Steam Rankine Power Cycle Pressure: 100.0 bar Cooling Method: Wet cooling Turbine Efficiency: 38.1% @ full load Fossil Backup Type: Natural gas Thermal Storage Storage Type: 2-tank indirect Thermal Storage Description: 28,500 tons of molten salt.

Sodium and Potassium Nitrate Molten Salt Thermal Storage 50,000 7:30.00 A-389 Pk 11, San José del Valle, Cádiz 11580, Spain

Operational

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Julich Solar Tower

Technology: Power tower Lat/Long Location: 50°54′ 54.0″ North, 6°23′ 16.0″ East Land Area: 17 hectares Solar Resource: 902 kWh/m2/yr Project Type: Demonstration Plant Configuration Solar Field Heliostat Solar-Field Aperture Area: 17,650 m² # of Heliostats: 2,153 Heliostat Aperture Area: 8.2 m² Tower Height: 60 m Receiver Manufacturer: Kraftanlagen München Heat-Transfer Fluid Type: Air Receiver Outlet Temp: 680C Power Block Turbine Capacity (Gross): 1.673 MW Turbine Capacity (Net): 1.5 MW Turbine Manufacturer: Siemens Cooling Method: Dry cooling

Heat Thermal Storage 1,500 1:30.00 Jülich, Rhineland, Germany

Operational

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Smart ZAE Flywheel Project

Research project of a micro-grid including 170kWp of solar panels, 15kW of wind generation and high efficiency power conversion systems connected to a DC-bus with an energy storage system (battery + flywheels). An Energy Management System drives the ESS in order to minimize energy costs for the area and use of public AC grid. Flywheels (10kW/10kWh) are developed by LEVISYS and are magnetically levitated with passive magnets.

Flywheel 100 1:00.00 25 chemin de Paleficat, Toulouse, Midi Pyrenées 31204, France

Under Construction

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Fort Hunter Liggett Battery Storage Project

This design-build Request for Proposal (RFP) provides for the design and construction of a 1 MW Grid Battery Energy Storage System and structure located at the Cantonment area of Fort Hunter Liggett, CA. The project shall be designed and constructed to store excess electrical power generated during the day into the battery energy storage system, and discharge the electrical power at night into the distribution grid of the base.

Lithium Ion Battery 1,000 1:00.00 Building 238, California Avenue, Fort Hunter Liggett, California 93928-7000, United States

Under Construction

Maysville Pumped Storage

Closed-loop pumped storage using existing underground mine space, in early feasibility stage.

Closed Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,000,000 8:00.00 Mason County, Kentucky 41056, United States

Announced

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Wright-Hennepin Solar Community

36.8 kW/94.4 kWh hour Silent Power storage DC coupled with 31 kW community solar array.

Sealed Lead Acid Battery 37 2:00.00 Rockford, Minnesota 56425, United States

Operational

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Austin Utilities Energy Storage Pilot

Four 9.2 kW/23.6 kWh Silent Power storage units installed in municipal buildings for peak demand management.

Sealed Lead Acid Battery 37 2:00.00 400 Fourth Street NE, Austin, Minnesota 55912, United States

Operational

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Shakopee Public Utilities- Environmental Learning Center

9.2 kW/23.6 kWh Silent Power storage unit co-located with solar array at high school environmental learning center.

Sealed Lead Acid Battery 9 2:00.00 Shakopee, Minnesota 55379, United States

Operational

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Andasol 3 CSP Solar Power Plant

Technology: Parabolic trough Land Area: 200 hectares Solar Resource: 2,200 kWh/m2/yr Cost (approx): 315,000,000 Euros PPA/Tariff Date: January 1, 2010 Plant Configuration Solar Field Solar-Field Aperture Area: 510,120 m² # of Solar Collector Assemblies (SCAs): 624 # of Loops: 156 # of SCAs per Loop: 4 SCA Aperture Area: 817 m² SCA Length: 150 m # of Modules per SCA: 12 SCA Manufacturer (Model): Flagsol (SKAL-ET 150) Mirror Manufacturer: Rioglass Heat-Transfer Fluid Type: Thermal Oil Solar-Field Inlet Temp: 293°C Solar-Field Outlet Temp: 393°C Solar-Field Temp Difference: 100°C Power Block Turbine Capacity (Gross): 50.0 MW Turbine Capacity (Net): 50.0 MW Output Type: Steam Rankine Power Cycle Pressure: 100.0 bar Cooling Method: Wet cooling Thermal Storage Storage Type: 2-tank indirect Please note: Actual energy storage is restricted due to turbine capacity. The thermal capacity can be discharged at 84.6 MW for 12 hours.

Sodium and Potassium Nitrate Molten Salt Thermal Storage 49,900 7:30.00 Aldeire, Granada, Spain

Operational

Lake Cargelligo Solar Tower

Plant Configuration Solar Field Heliostat Solar-Field Aperture Area: 6,080 m² # of Heliostats: 620 Heliostat Aperture Area: 9.8 m² Receiver Manufacturer: Lloyd Energy Systems Pty Ltd Receiver Type: Graphite solar storage receiver Heat-Transfer Fluid Type: Water/Steam Receiver Inlet Temp: 200C Receiver Outlet Temp: 500C Power Block Turbine Capacity (Gross): 3.0 MW Turbine Capacity (Net): 3.0 MW Output Type: Steam Rankine Power Cycle Pressure: 50.0 bar This plant serves as a demonstration of technology rather than a commercial plant.

Heat Thermal Storage 3,000 24:00.00 Lake Cargelligo, New South Wales, Australia

Operational

iZEUS – intelligent Zero Emission Urban System

The iZEUS project is a consumer-oriented integration of electric energy networks and transportation project, which is funded by the German Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology. In collaboration with EnBW Energie Baden-Württemberg AG (consortium leader), partners include Adam Opel AG, ads-tec GmbH, Daimler AG, Fraunhofer Gesellschaft, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology - KIT, PTV Group, SAP AG and TWT GmbH Science and Innovation, BridgingIT GmbH, and Toyota Motor Europe.

Lithium Ion Battery 150 1:00.00 Esslingen, Esslingen, Germany

Operational

Powerco's Lead Acid Battery System (Hunterville)

Utilizing RedFlow's first generation technology for lead acid energy storage systems. Redflow now uses Zinc Bromine Redox Flow battery technology.

Lead Acid Battery 5 5:00.00 Hunterville, Rangitikei , New Zealand

Operational

Nevada Solar One R&D Project

This R&D project was funded by the DOE for the development of know-how on the design of phase change in thermal storage. The project resulted in know-how in regards to system design and its components. This project is separate from the commercial Nevada Solar One Power Station.

Heat Thermal Storage 100 1:00.00 Boulder City, Nevada, United States

De-Commissioned

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Samyoung Vanadium Redox Flow Battery Project

Vanadium Redox Flow Battery (50kW/100kWh) ESS for peak shaving, installed by H2, inc.

Vanadium Redox Flow Battery 50 2:00.00 Gongju, Chungnam, Korea, South

Operational

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Advanced Rail Energy Storage Nevada

The components of an ARES Energy Storage System may also be deployed to create a robust Ancillary Services system which functions as a LESR (Limited Energy Storage Resource). These systems provide grid-scale including Regulation-Up, Regulation-Down, Spinning Reserves, VAR Support and Grid Inertia. The ARES Fast Response Ancillary Service technology bridges the power gap between large scale battery and flywheel installations and far larger pumped-storage hydro -- at a lower life-cycle cost than batteries, a higher energy-to-power ratio than flywheels and a greater efficiency and far faster ramp-rate than pumped-storage. The ARES Ancillary Service facilities typically utilizes a single uphill track with a central queue of loaded shuttle-trains that travel up and down grade in response to an ISO (Independent System Operator) command to provide Reg-UP or Reg-Down frequency adjustment. In addition to its high charge / discharge efficiency of 86% it has extremely fast ramp-rate on the order of seconds to ramp to full power.

Gravitational Energy Storage 50,000 0:15.00 Pahrump, Nevada, United States

Announced

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Isentropic Demonstration Project

Using Isentropic Ltd's innovative combined heat pump/heat engine, electricity is used to create a large temperature difference (+500 C hot and -160 C cold), which can then be stored in two low-cost insulated tanks filled with crushed rock. Recombining the hot and cold regenerates the electricity with an overall round-trip efficiency of 75%. Isentropic® PHES system is normally located within a steel-framed building. The storage material (crushed rock) is ideally sourced from a local quarry or mine. Assuming suitable rock is available, the only operations required are to crush the rock, grade it, wash it and dry it. The stores are designed so that they can be easily transported in smaller sections and then assembled on site. The facility is capable of 1,900kW charging (input) power.

Heat Thermal Storage 1,400 4:00.00 Toton, Nottinghamshire, United Kingdom

Announced

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Tozzi Green - Madagascar

A Stand Alone energy storage system, integrating wind turbine TN535 supplied by Tozzi Nord (10 KW) and a PV plant (3 KW), has been installed in Satrokala, Madagascar, close to a small village. This energy storage system sets in motion an important pumping water plant. In this way it allows the supply of 12,000 liters of water daily, matching the estimated average consumption of water of the local population. The system is also able to meet the energy needs of a local nursery in addition to Tozzi offices. This initiative is part of a wider project of Tozzi Industrial Group committed to resolving energy supply problems in the countries of subtropical belt, accordingly to the sustainable development principles.

Valve Regulated Lead Acid Battery (VRLA) 15 3:45.00 Satrokala, Fianarantsoa 313, Madagascar

Operational

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Kraftwerk Huntorf

1st commercial CAES plant, operational since 1978. The 321-MW plant utilizes nuclear-sourced night-time power for compression and produces peak power during the day via a natural gas turbine. The facility stores the compressed air in two ""solution-mined"" salt caverns which comprise a total of 310,000 cubic meters. (Water was pumped into and out of a salt deposit to dissolve the salt and form the cavern.) The depth of the caverns is more than 600 m which ensures the stability of the air for several months' storage, and guarantees the specified maximum pressure of 100 bar. One cavern is cycled on a diurnal basis. The second cavern serves as a black start asset if the nearby nuclear power plant unexpectedly goes down.

In-ground Natural Gas Combustion Compressed Air Storage 321,000 2:00.00 Große Hellmer 1E, Große Hellmer 1E, Elsfleth 26931, Germany

Operational

Halotechnics Advanced Molten Glass for Heat Transfer and Thermal Energy Storage

Halotechnics is developing a high-temperature thermal energy storage system using a new thermal-storage and heat-transfer material: earth-abundant and low-melting-point molten glass. Heat storage materials are critical to the energy storage process. In solar thermal storage systems, heat can be stored in these materials during the day and released at night--when the sun is not out--to drive a turbine and produce electricity. In nuclear storage systems, heat can be stored in these materials at night and released to produce electricity during daytime peak-demand hours. Halotechnics new thermal storage material targets a price that is potentially cheaper than the molten salt used in most commercial solar thermal storage systems today. It is also extremely stable at temperatures up to 1200°C--hundreds of degrees hotter than the highest temperature molten salt can handle. Being able to function at high temperatures will significantly increase the efficiency of turning heat into electricity. Halotechnics is developing a scalable system to pump, heat, store, and discharge the molten glass. The company is leveraging technology used in the modern glass industry, which has decades of experience handling molten glass.

Heat Thermal Storage 5 6:00.00 Emeryille, California, United States

Operational

E.ON "Power to Gas" Pilot Plant Falkenhagen

2 MW of power to gas technology demonstrating on a green field the process chain, which involves wind power, electrolyser, gas treatment, gas measurement, hydrogen injection into the gas grid. The gas, maximum 360 m3/h, is sold to the end consumer market. The project will provide experience in building, consenting and market mechanisms. The machinery of the plant is based on state of the art technology.

Hydrogen Energy Storage 1,000 n/a Tannenkoppelweg , Falkenhagen , Brandenburg, Germany

Operational

Power to Gas Plant in Reitbrook

New developed 1 MW PEM electrolyser being the largest worldwide. The plant is in the market area of E.ON Hanse and feeding hydrogen into the local gas grid of Hamburg. The hydrogen rate will be maximum 265 m3/h.This advanced technology used is in comparison to conventional electrolysers of this size much more compact and considerably more efficient. Additonally, this technology offers better dynamics and overload capabilities.

Hydrogen Energy Storage 800 n/a Allermöher Deich, Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany

Contracted

Sumitomo EV Battery

Sumitomo Corporation (Head Office: Chuo-ku, Tokyo; President and CEO: Kuniharu Nakamura) has developed and installed the world’s first large-scale power storage system which utilizes used batteries collected from electric vehicles (hereinafter : EV). This commercial scale storage system, built on Yume-shima Island, Osaka, will begin operating in February 2014. Over the next three years, the system will measure the smoothing effect of energy output fluctuation from the nearby “Hikari-no-mori,” solar farm, and will aim to establish a large-scale power storage technology by safely and effectively utilizing the huge quantities of discarded used EV batteries which will become available in the future. This project has been selected as a model project for "Verification of the battery storage control to promote renewable energy" for the fiscal year 2013 by the Ministry of the Environment of Japan. Sumitomo Corporation created the joint venture company, “4R Energy Corporation”, in collaboration with Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. in September 2010, to address the secondary use of EV lithium-ion batteries. The used EV batteries that will be recycled into this large-scale storage system have been recovered and have gone through thorough inspection and maintenance at 4R, to confirm safety and performance. This prototype system (0.6MW/0.4MWh) consists of sixteen used EV batteries. Battery Business Development Department General Manager, Norihiko Nonaka said “We are pleased to be a part of such an important verification project that can both utilize used EV batteries, and provide a large-scale power storage facility, which are important issues that need to be addressed for the future of renewable energy.” Sumitomo will seek new business opportunities which can make use of the highly economical storage system, as well as work on developing new applications for used EV batteries. The company aims to actively promote this approach, which can both contribute to expanding the use of EV and encourage the use of renewable energy. Sumitomo is willing to participate in the movement toward lowering the carbon footprint of a sustainable society.

Lithium Ion Battery 600 0:40.00 Yume-shima Island, Osaka, Japan

Operational

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Slough Zero-Carbon Homes Community Energy Storage

The new lithium batteries aim to ensure the power generated by the solar panels can flow as and when needed, with the technology integrating with the grid via S&C's Pure Wave Community Energy Storage System. The pilot aims to find out if it is cheaper to install energy storage technology, than to replace transmission cables, with the project proving the first to be funded by the LCN that places batteries close to customers' homes, rather than at the point of use or at a substation.

Lithium Ion Battery 75 1:00.00 135 High St, Chalvey, Slough, West Berkshire , Slough, Berkshire SL1 2TW, United Kingdom

Operational

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Battery Energy Storage System (BESS) - DC-Linked System

The Karlsruhe Institute of Technology developed and installed an innovative DC-linked pilot storage system at KIT Campus North together with different industry partners. Surplus solar energy can be stored in the li-ion batteries and therefore is available at times of peak load and at night. The KIT-developed central control unit (CCU) represents the higher automation level for long-term and strategic energy flow control, taking into account external variables. The system is self-sufficiently controlled depending on the operator’s load profile and measured system data, and the CCU ensures a smooth operation of the system in order to maximize battery performance. System components: PV system of 37 kWp, two li-ion batteries of 25 and 50 kW, central control unit (CCU), two DC/DC converters of 25 kW each, DC/AC converter of 250 kW Due to its modular design the capacity of the storage system is expandable up to 2 MWh.

Lithium Ion Battery 250 0:20.00 Kaiserstrasse 12, Karlsruhe, Baden-Wuerttemberg 76131, Germany

Operational

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Battery Energy Storage System (BESS) - AC-Linked System

The Karlsruhe Institute of Technology developed and installed an innovative AC-linked pilot storage system at KIT Campus North together with industry partners. Surplus solar energy can be stored in the li-ion batteries and therefore is available at times of peak load and at night. The KIT-developed central control unit (CCU) represents the higher automation level for long-term and strategic energy flow control, taking into account external variables. The system is self-sufficiently controlled depending on the operator’s load profile and measured system data, and the CCU ensures a smooth operation of the system in order to maximize battery performance. System components: PV system of 37 kWp with DC/AC converter, one li-ion battery of 25 kWh, central control unit (CCU), bidirectional DC/AC converter of 30 kW Due to its modular design the capacity of the storage system is expandable.

Lithium Ion Battery 30 0:50.00 Kaiserstrasse 12, Karlsruhe, Baden-Wuerttemberg 76131, Germany

Operational

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American Vanadium Corp. MTA CellCube Installation

The CellCube is a flow battery. It pumps electrolyte through stacks of electrochemical cells causing flow batteries to be one of the few cost-effective options for storing energy for multiple hours in a row. The CellCube(TM) is a fully commercial energy storage system that has been sold and installed across Europe, Asia and Africa, with more than 60 systems currently in operation at customer sites worldwide. The CellCube(TM) system is modular and can serve loads from 10kW to multi-MWs and, as a flow battery, the system excels at providing multiple hours of energy for long-duration requirements.

Vanadium Redox Flow Battery 90 4:20.00 2 Broadway, New York, New York 10004, United States

Under Construction

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Thüga-Demonstrationsprojekt Strom zu Gas

13 companies of the Thüga group have combined their know-how and capital in a project platform to jointly invest in the development of power-to-gas storage technology. The focus is on testing the practicality of power-to-gas technology. The companies are confident that long-term this technology has the greatest potential to store excess amounts of renewable energy. To this end, the companies are jointly developing, building and operating a demonstration plant over a number of years (2012 - 2016) in Frankfurt am Main. The plant converts electricity into hydrogen and then stores this in the gas distribution network. Overall, they will invest more than €1.5m. The project is supported by the Hessian Ministry for the Environment, Energy, Agriculture and Consumer Protection. Following the first phase of the project, the participants are considering a second project, which would use hydrogen and carbon dioxide to produce synthetic natural gas to be subsequently stored. The project partners include a total of 13 companies from various states: badenova AG & Co. KG, Erdgas Mittelsachsen GmbH, Energieversorgung Mittelrhein GmbH, erdgas schwaben gmbh, ESWE Versorgungs AG, Gasversorgung Westerwald GmbH, Mainova Aktiengesellschaft, Stadtwerke Ansbach GmbH, Stadtwerke Bad Hersfeld GmbH, Thüga Energienetze GmbH, WEMAG AG, e-rp GmbH and Thüga AG, which is acting as project coordinator.

Hydrogen Energy Storage 320 24:00.00 Schielestraße 20a, Frankfurt am Main, Hessen 60314, Germany

Operational

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Swiss Dual-Circuit Redox Flow Battery

In November 2013 the Laboratory of Physical and Analytical Electrochemistry (LEPA) received funding from the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) and other project partners to scale-up a dual-circuit redox flow battery to the demonstrator level. Our objective is to adapt a commerical 10 kW redox flow battery with secondary circuits which we will then operate and optimise to generate hydrogen alongside storing electrochemical energy. This approach is designed to complement electrochemical energy storage so as to circumvent the low energy density of the RFBs.

Vanadium Redox Flow Battery 10 6:00.00 Route des Chantons 51, Martigny, Valais, Switzerland

Under Construction

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SMUD High Penetration Solar Pilot Project Anatolia (CES System)

Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) is piloting both residential energy storage (RES) units and community energy storage (CES) systems in Anatolia. So far, the research team has installed 15 RES units in the garages of neighborhood volunteers. Later this month, the team will set up three CES systems in the neighborhood. Each CES will be connected to the pad-mounted transformers on distribution feeders and will be sized to work with the group of homes serviced by each transformer. These are about three times larger than the residential units, but can be shared between five to ten homes. SMUD will continue to run tests and gather data through September 2012, giving the utility a nine-month experimental period with the RES units and roughly a six-month period for the CES units. Although complete results will not be available until the end of the year, the researchers will present preliminary data on March 19, 2012, at the PV America conference in San Jose, California. Technical Details 3 CES installations, each consisting of two 15 kW CES units in a common enclosure Each CES installation provides 30 kW of capacity with 34 kWh of usable energy storage from SAFT Li-Ion batteries Each CES installation is connected to the secondary of a 50 kVA pad mount transformer feeding approximately 9-12 homes They will be operated to help answer critical questions related to reliability, system architecture optimization, operational control The CES systems can be coordinated, in an aggregated fashion, as a single utility asset testing larger scale integration concepts The CES is monitored/controlled via a wireless communications interface which will report critical inverter and battery status. Note: Funding designation is half designated to High Penetration Solar Pilot Project Anatolia (RES System) https://solarhighpen.energy.gov/article/advancing_distributed_energy_storage

Lithium Ion Battery 90 1:08.00 Anatolia village, Rancho Cordova, California, United States

De-Commissioned

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UC San Diego ZBB / Sunpower Energy Storage CSI 2

ZBB teamed up with SunPower and the University of California - San Diego to demonstrate the economic and operational benefits of combining PV with ZBB Energy zinc bromine flow battery storage technology rated at 300kWh in a commercial building application. The project is funded by the California Public Utilities Comission (CPUC). There are 6 ZBB EnerStore V3 Units, each rate at 25 kW/ 50 kWh.

Zinc Bromide Flow Battery 100 3:00.00 9500 Gilman Dr, La Jolla, California 92093, United States

Operational

UC San Diego SGIP Energy Storage Project

The University of California, San Diego has been approved for incentives from California’s Self-Generation Incentive Program for the installation of an innovative energy storage, to be integrated with PV renewable generation. The SGIP program requires that the energy storage be for early commercial purposes, and the vendors need to provide a 10 year warranty on the equipment.

Lithium Ion Battery 5,000 2:00.00 9500 Gilman Dr, La Jolla, California 92093, United States

Announced

UEP CCNY Demonstration

In partnership with the CUNY Energy Institute, Urban Electric Power (UEP) has recently constructed a 100kW energy storage system utilizing the advanced Zn-NiO battery technology that can undergo over 5,000 deep discharge cycles with a high total system energy efficiency of >85%. The 100kW battery installation in the basement of Steinman Hall at the Grove School of Engineering at CCNY will allow the school to reduce their peak power usage, resulting in significant electrical energy savings. The system is rated for 100kW and is being installed in 2 phases; the first phase, which will be operational in June 2013, will allow the delivery of the rated power for a period of 30 minutes. The second phase will be completed by the end of 2013 and will increase the capacity of the system to 200kWh, allowing the delivery of the rated power over 2 hours.

Zinc-Nickel Oxide Redox Flow Battery 100 2:00.00 160 Convent Ave., New York, New York 10031, United States

Operational

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Veytaux (FMHL+) Pumped Hydro Storage Power Plant

With the FMHL+ project the capacity of the Veytaux pumped storage power station will be increased from 240 MW to 480 MW, 60 MW act as a reserve. To achieve this, two machine groups with 120 MW capacity each will be installed in a new cavern that is currently being excavated. The construction work has been in progress since 7 April 2011. After its commissioning, which is scheduled for the end of 2015, the pumped storage power station with one billion kWh of peak energy per year will generate virtually twice as much electricity as at present (520 million kWh). In order to achieve this, Forces Motrices Hongrin-Léman SA (FMHL), in which Alpiq holds a share of almost 40 percent, is investing 331 million Swiss francs. The pumped storage power station Veytaux will play a crucial role in supplying electricity to the French-speaking part of Switzerland. The project is the response to the increasing demand for balancing energy, which has been triggered by the rapid development of the new renewable energies that generate energy in an intermittent and fluctuating manner. Thanks to its high degree of flexibility, the Veytaux power station is able to quickly balance out such fluctuations. At peak times, the water from the Hongrin reservoir is channelled through the turbines of the Veytaux power station located 800 metres lower down, while during off-peak times, the excess energy is used to pump water from Lake Geneva up to the Hongrin reservoir. Please note that the Hogrin-Leman is a separate plant.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 240,000 n/a Veytaux, Montreux, Switzerland

Under Construction

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Pollegio-Loderio Tunnel ALACAES Demonstration Plant

A demonstration plant to test a novel advanced adiabatic compressed air energy storage concept. An abandoned tunnel in the Swiss alps is used as the air storage cavern and a packed bed of rocks thermal energy storage is used to store the heat created during compression. The thermal energy storage is placed inside the pressure cavern.

Advanced Adiabatic Compressed Air Storage 500 4:00.00 Loderio, Ticino, Switzerland

Under Construction

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SMUD High Penetration Solar Pilot Project Anatolia (RES System)

Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) is piloting both residential energy storage (RES) units and community energy storage (CES) systems in Anatolia. So far, the research team has installed 15 RES units in the garages of neighborhood volunteers. Later this month, the team will set up three CES systems in the neighborhood. Each CES will be connected to the pad-mounted transformers on distribution feeders and will be sized to work with the group of homes serviced by each transformer. These are about three times larger than the residential units, but can be shared between five to ten homes. SMUD will continue to run tests and gather data through September 2012, giving the utility a nine-month experimental period with the RES units and roughly a six-month period for the CES units. Although complete results will not be available until the end of the year, the researchers will present preliminary data on March 19, 2012, at the PV America conference in San Jose, California. Technical Details: 15 residential 5 kW/ 7.7 kWh SAFT Li-Ion battery systems electrically located behind customer meters are coupled to 2 kW of PV through a SMA Sunny Boy 3000 inverter. Energy storage connected to the home electrical system through a Silent Power grid-connected inverter High-speed communication over broadband for rich data collection and advanced analytics Customer portal access for each home, allowing customers to view: their household energy consumption , state of their battery, and energy supplied back to the grid, as well as receive and respond to dynamic pricing signal. Note: Funding designation is half designated to High Penetration Solar Pilot Project Anatolia (CES System) https://solarhighpen.energy.gov/article/advancing_distributed_energy_storage

Lithium Ion Battery 75 1:32.00 Anatolia Dr., Rancho Cordova, California, United States

De-Commissioned

Konterra Realty HQ ESS

The 402 kW system is estimated to generate 20 percent of the building's annual electricity. The carport structure covers a large parking lot which includes two electric vehicle charging stations and infrastructure for four additional stations. Integrated with the solar PV array is an advanced lithium ion energy storage system with a total capacity of 300kWh. The system, developed and designed by Standard Solar with project subcontractor Solar Grid Storage, was the winner of a $250,000 grant from the Maryland Energy Administration "Game Changer" program.

Lithium Ion Battery 500 0:30.00 14401 Sweitzer Ln, Laurel, Maryland 20707, United States

Operational

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PSU GridSTAR Microgrid Test Center

Solar Grid Storage installed a PowerFactor250™ system within this demonstration microgrid project and continues to operate and maintain the system, which came online in April 2013. Penn State University runs the GridSTAR center whose mission is to empower regional stakeholders through the integration of renewables and advanced technologies such as energy storage and electric vehicle charging. This microgrid provides an immersive learning environment through educational activities and business partnerships. Utilities, grid operators, manufacturers, installers, policy makers and developers will all gain expertise and experience through this project helping to usher in a more efficient, cost effective, reliable and resilient grid of the future. The PowerFactor250™ system provides critical data serving the GridSTAR mission.

Lithium Ion Battery 250 0:30.00 1200 Normandy Place, The Navy Yard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19112, United States

Operational

Solar Grid Storage Hackettstown, NJ

Solar Grid Storage targets projects ranging from 150kW to 10MW. The PowerFactor™ inverter acts as a standard solar inverter delivering AC power to the building, but is also shared with the PowerFactor™ battery making it available to the grid operator who can call upon it to temporarily charge or discharge the battery to help balance power on the grid balancing to net zero on an hourly basis. The PowerFactor™ system has the additional benefit of allowing the PV system to operate in power outages, something standard PV projects cannot offer.

Lithium Ion Battery 250 0:30.00 Hackettstown, New Jersey, United States

Operational

Solar Grid Storage Denville, New Jersey

Solar Grid Storage targets projects ranging from 150kW to 10MW. The PowerFactor™ inverter acts as a standard solar inverter delivering AC power to the building, but is also shared with the PowerFactor™ battery making it available to the grid operator who can call upon it to temporarily charge or discharge the battery to help balance power on the grid balancing to net zero on an hourly basis. The PowerFactor™ system has the additional benefit of allowing the PV system to operate in power outages, something standard PV projects cannot offer.

Lithium Ion Battery 250 0:30.00 Denville, New Jersey, United States

Operational

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Salamonde II Pumped Hydro Station

EDP is currently one of the largest utility companies in Portugal with 1.3 GW of operational hydro power. EDP currently has an additional 1.4 GW under construction, a majority of which is scheduled to come online in 2015.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 211,000 n/a Salamonde, Portugal, Portugal

Operational

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Ray Power Systems Beijing Frequency Regulation Project

A123 Energy Solutions announced that a new 2-megawatt Grid Storage Solution™ for Ray Power Systems Co. Ltd., a Beijing-based energy services company, is now in commercial operation providing frequency regulation services. Located in Beijing, this is A123 Energy Solutions’ first deployment in China in commercial operation. The containerized 53-foot long battery is one of A123’s widely deployed High Rate (HR) Grid Storage Solutions and stabilizes the grid to ensure power quality. The 2MW HR Grid Storage Solution, a high power battery based on A123’s proprietary Nanophosphate® chemistry, is able to serve dual duty – as both a controllable 2MW load as well as a 2MW generator – in essence providing 4MW of ramping capability. Deployed worldwide in revenue service since 2009, the HR Grid Storage Solution forms the bulk of the grid energy storage product line that A123 Energy Solutions has delivered to date.

Lithium Ion Battery 2,000 0:15.00 Beijing, Beijing 100000, China

Operational

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WEMAG Younicos Battery Park

Europe's first commercial battery park, it will participate in Primary Frequency regulation market. Additional revenues/savings possible through black start capability etc. WEMAG AG, a utility located in Schwerin, Mecklenburg Western-Pomerania, will also receive EUR 1.3 million one-off grant through the Environmental Innovation Program (Umweltinnovationsprogramm) for the 5 MW lithium-ion battery plant, the Federal Ministry for the Environment (BMU) informed. The battery plant pilot project shall go online in September 2014, providing primary reserve (Primärregelleistung), thus helping to balance the grids and integrate green energy.

Lithium Ion Battery 5,000 1:00.00 Schwerin, Mecklenburg Western-Pomerania, Germany

Under Construction

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Smarter Network Storage

The Smarter Network Storage (SNS) project aims to carry out a range of technical and commercial innovation to tackle the challenges associated with the low-carbon transition and facilitate the economic adoption of storage. It is differentiated from other LCNF electrical storage projects by its demonstration of storage across multiple parts of the electricity system, outside the boundaries of the distribution network. By demonstrating this multi-purpose application of 6MW/10MWh of energy storage at Leighton Buzzard primary substation, the project will explore the capabilities and value in alternative revenue streams for storage, whilst deferring traditional network reinforcement. The project aims to provide the industry with a greater understanding and a detailed assessment of the business case and full economics of energy storage, helping to accommodate increasing levels of intermittent and inflexible low carbon generation. The project was awarded funding of £13.2 million by Ofgem, under the Low Carbon Network Fund (LCNF) scheme in December 2012 and will last four years, from January 2013 to December 2016.

Lithium Ion Battery 6,000 1:40.00 Leighton Buzzard, Bedfordshire LU7 3NU, United Kingdom

Under Construction

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Max Planck Institute ASDEX-Upgrade Pulsed Power Supply System

The facility utilizes three flywheel generator systems for on-site power that is required for high energy fusion experiments. The name and technical details of each flywheel is as follows: EZ2, built in 1973, has a nominal apparent power of 167 MVA, a power factor of 0.93, a resulting active power at nominal values of 155 MW, and a pulse duration of 9.7 sec. EZ3, built in 1977, has a nominal apparent power of 144 MVA, a power factor of 0.86, a resulting active power at nominal values of 124 MW, and a pulse duration of 4.4 sec. EZ4, built in 1987, has a nominal apparent power of 220 MVA, a power factor of 0.49, a resulting active power at nominal values of 108 MW, and a pulse duration of 6.7 sec.

Flywheel 387,000 0:00.12 Boltzmaanstraße 2 , Garching bei München, Bavaria 85748 , Germany

Operational

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Cowessess First Nation High Wind and Storage Project

Saft has been selected by Cowessess First Nation(CFN) to design, produce and install 2 Intensium® Max 20E lithium-ion battery systems as part of the High Wind and Storage Project near the City of Regina, Saskatchewan. The grid‐connected ESS system will help optimize renewable wind power performance by increasing reliability and decreasing volatility by as much as 70 percent over the 15‐year lifespan of the system. The Li‐ion ESS includes a state‐of‐the-art, 400kW Power Conditioning System for use in conjunction with an 800kW utility scale wind turbine. Check out the project video here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UE7varh2VZY http://tinyurl.com/p5tc4pe

Lithium Ion Battery 400 1:52.00 Regina, Saskatchewan S4N 0A6, Canada

Operational

UBC Electrochemical Energy Storage Project

The project integrates one megawatt hour of stored energy — enough to power an average home for 1,000 hours — into a power grid that supports three major campus facilities. Initially created in response to the university’s need for emergency back-up power at UBC’s Bioenergy Research and Demonstration Facility (BDRF), the energy storage system will advance research on integrating renewable-energy sources, like solar and wind, into large power grids.

Nickel Manganese Cobalt Battery 1,000 1:00.00 2260 West Mall, Rm 2255 , Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4, Canada

Operational

1 MWh Burlington

OptiGrid is a complete, packaged solution with battery chemistry, power conditioning system, monitoring system, and shelter. This OptiGrid system is a 1 MW installation which is used by an industrial manufacturer to offset curtailment from the local utility.

Valve Regulated Lead Acid Battery (VRLA) 250 4:00.00 85 Meadowland Drive, Burlington, Vermont 05403, United States

Operational

Minami Daito Island Frequency Regulation

A project subsidized by Japan's New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization, a 122kWh battery system is combined with two 245 kW wind turbines and a diesel-powered generator owned by the Okinawa Electric Power Co., Inc. at the remote island of Minami Daito. GIGACELL, a nickel-metal hydride battery developed by Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd. is utilized in the battery system. A demonstration test is being conducted to control frequency regulation. The GIGACELL will also serve as a backup power souce during the diesel generator's 15-minute start-up time in the case of a sudden cut-off in wind power generation.

Nickel Metal Hydride Battery 300 0:15.00 Minami Daito, Okinawa, Japan

Operational

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Khi Solar One Power Plant

Khi Solar One is a 50 MW concentrated solar power plant with a power tower. The power tower system uses large, sun-tracking mirrors (heliostats) to focus sunlight on a receiver at the top of a tower. Water is pumped up to the tower mounted receiver and is converted to steam, which, in turn, is used in a conventional turbine generator to produce electricity. Of the 36 operational CSP power stations worldwide, five are power towers. The power station will include a facility to store steam, enabling it to generate electricity for two hours when the sun is not shining. Khi Solar One will use dry cooling, which dramatically reduces water consumption by two thirds. The tower plant will be located on a 600 ha site close to Upington, in the Northern Cape Province. http://www.nrel.gov/csp/solarpaces/project_detail.cfm/projectID=244

Heat Thermal Storage 50,000 2:00.00 Upington, Northern Cape, South Africa

Under Construction

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Eco House Project

The name “Ecollab.” is a combination of the words “ecology”, “collaboration,” and “laboratory”. Ecollab. is a simple and airy building with a modern appearance and a warm and soft atmosphere. At Ecollab. research is carried out from a variety of aspects aimed at creating the next generation of environmentally-friendly lifestyles.

Electrochemical 14 2:00.00 Sendai, Miyagi, Japan

Operational

Minera El Tesoro CSP Installation

"The first concentrating solar power (CSP) project ever in South America is installed in the Atacama Desert in Chile. The 10.5 MW thermal parabolic trough plant is integrated into the Electrowinning (EW) process at a copper mine operated by Minera El Tesoro, a subsidiary of Antofagasta Minerals. Levels of solar radiation in the Atacama Desert are very high, making this an ideal application of solar thermal technology. The plant incorporates thermal energy storage that allows the delivery of thermal energy for up to 6.5 hours at rated power after the sun goes down."

Heat Thermal Storage 10,500 6:30.00 Sierra Gorda, Atacama, Chile

Operational

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SustainX Inc Isothermal Compressed Air Energy Storage

SustainX is constructing a 1.5MW pilot system in Seabrook, New Hampshire to demonstrate their modular isothermal compressed air energy storage system (ICAES). This second generation ICAES system is scheduled for completion in 2013, with the third generation field-deployed ICAES system ready for operation by 2014. The current schedule would have SustainX's isothermal system ready for commercial production in 2015. SustainX’s ICAES system captures the heat from compression in water and stores the captured heat until it is needed again for expansion. Storing the captured heat eliminates the need for a gas combustion turbine and improves efficiency. SustainX achieves isothermal cycling by combining patented innovations with a design control on mature industrial components and principles. The system is designed for a 20-year lifetime. It achieves full power output from start-up in less than one minute, and it does not use toxic chemicals.

Modular IsoThermal Compressed Air Storage 1,500 1:00.00 72 Stard Road, Seabrook, New Hampshire, United States

Operational

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Peralta College Green Charge Networks GreenStation

Green Charge Networks is providing intelligent energy storage solutions to reduce peak demand charges with their sophisticated software algorithm and battery storage system.  In addition, Green Charge Networks is aggregating locations to participate in Demand Response events to increase the savings. 

Lithium Ion Battery 30 1:00.00 333 East 8th Street, Oakland, California 94606, United States

Operational

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Merritt College Green Charge Networks GreenStation

Green Charge Networks is providing intelligent energy storage solutions to reduce peak demand charges with their sophisticated software algorithm and battery storage system.  In addition, Green Charge Networks is aggregating locations to participate in Demand Response events to increase the savings. 

Lithium Ion Battery 30 1:00.00 12500 Campus Drive, Oakland, California 94619, United States

Operational

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Laney College Green Charge Networks GreenStation

Green Charge Networks is providing intelligent energy storage solutions to reduce peak demand charges with their sophisticated software algorithm and battery storage system.  In addition, Green Charge Networks is aggregating locations to participate in Demand Response events to increase the savings. 

Lithium Ion Battery 30 1:00.00 900 Fallon Street, Oakland, California 94607, United States

Operational

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EnerVault Redox Flow Battery Demo Project

This project demonstrates an iron-chromium redox flow battery system in combination with an intermittent, renewable energy source. The project uses EnerVault’s long duration system to reduce demand charges and enhance the performance of a 150kWp AC dual-axis tracking photovoltaic system to power a large 260kW irrigation pump. The demonstration, underway now, will establish the suitability of energy storage systems to meet the safety, reliability, and cost requirements of distributed energy storage. The project is under a U.S. DOE ARRA Storage Demonstration grant.

Iron Chromium Redox Flow Battery 250 4:00.00 Valley View Ranches Almond Farm, Denair, California, United States

Operational

SMUD 2500 R St. Housing Development

Every 2500 R home comes with its own Sunverge Solar Integration System (SIS). Integrated with solar PV and demand response Programmable Communicating Thermostats, SIS units will provide energy services to each home with additional energy reserves aggregated and delivered to SMUD as Demand Response capacity. This project will provide a benchmark for how energy storage, solar, and smart devices can be controlled and aggregated in order to provide multiple grid management benefits. In addition, it will demonstrate how these systems can be simultaneously used on the customer side of the meter to manage demand, lower electricity costs, and provide backup power in the case of a grid outage. In total, there are 34 residential energy storage systems in the housing development rated at 4.5 kW/ 11.64 kWh each.

Lithium Polymer Battery 153 2:35.00 2500 R St., Sacramento, California 95816, United States

Operational

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TransGrid iDemand

TransGrid is installing a 400 kWh,100 kW 4-quadrant Lithium polymer battery at its Wallgrove site in western Sydney,Australia, to inform consumers about the value of reducing peak demand and in conducting demand response activities. There will also be 54 kW of crystalline solar panels and 45 kW of Cadmium Telluride thin film solar panels, as well as LED lights, being installed on site. The LED lights in one of the installations will be directly supplied from batteries through a DC/DC converter. The project in aggregate is expected to reduce half the recorded peak site load of 281 kW on the site consisting of approximately 300 workers. The project's results will be fed into a website that will update every 30 seconds. R&D activities with research bodies and universities will occur post commissioning of project. http://www.transgrid.com.au

Lithium Polymer Battery 100 4:00.00 200 Old Wallgrove Road , Horsley Park, New South Wales 2175, Australia

Under Construction

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Ice Energy Anaheim Energy Storage Project

Ice Energy's Ice Bear systems provides energy time shifting services to the Anaheim Public Utility. Multiple systems are installed at various buildings, including the local fire station.

Ice Thermal Storage 200 4:45.00 Anaheim, California, United States

Operational

Ashalim 2 Solar Power Plant

PPA/Tariff Period: 25 years Solar Field Power Block Turbine Capacity (Gross): 136 MW Turbine Capacity (Net): 121 MW Output Type: Steam Rankine

Molten Salt Storage 110,000 4:30.00 Ashalim, Ramat Hovav , Israel

Under Construction

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EaglePicher HQ PowerPyramid

Demonstration system for industrial peak-shaving and grid-energy storage. Tiered Hybrid ESS System: Tier 1: Li-Ion 100kW, 172kWh Tier 2: Tubular lead-acid 200kW, 240kWh Tier 3: AGM lead-acid 700kW, 1512kWh http://www.princetonpower.com/pdfs/eaglepicher_cs.pdf

Hybrid Battery 1,000 2:00.00 C & Porter Streets, Joplin, Missouri 64804, United States

Operational

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140 MW Wind Park with 1 MW Power to Gas System

On September 19th, a 140 MW wind farm in Germany was put into operation with a 1 MW electrolysis system from Hydrogenics. The wind farm is located in the municipality of Grapzow (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern District) and is connected via a new substation to the local 50 Hz, 380 kV high-voltage grid, and will reduce CO2 emission by 250,000 tons per year. Hydrogenics installed a 1 MW Power-to-Gas system inside a newly constructed building. The unit produces 210 Nm3 of H2 per hour. The plant’s owners have the option to use the hydrogen in an internal combustion engine to produce electricity or inject it directly into the local natural gas grid depending on operational needs. The hydrogen compression and storage system stores up to 27 MWh of energy and dramatically increases the overall efficiency of the wind park by tapping into wind energy which would otherwise be wasted.

Hydrogen Energy Storage 1,000 27:00.00 Grapzow, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 17089, Germany

Operational

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Bonaire Wind-Diesel Hybrid

EcoPower Bonaire BV, a consortium of Econcern, Enercon, and MAN has developed a wind-diesel hybrid power generating system on the island of Bonaire, which utilizes 3000 kW of battery energy storage.

Nickel Cadmium Battery 3,000 0:05.00 Kralendijk, Bonaire, Netherlands

Operational

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Solana Solar Generating Plant

Solana, the largest parabolic trough plant in the world, is a 280 megawatt (MW) installation with six hours of thermal storage. This technolgy allows energy to be dispatched as needed during cloudy periods and after sunset. Solana, therefore, is able to generate electricity well into the evening to help meet consumption demand.

Molten Salt Storage 280,000 6:00.00 Gila Bend, Arizona 85337, United States

Operational

Erigo/US NORTHCOM BESS project

EaglePicher Technologies has been awarded a contract from Erigo Technologies LLC of Enfield, New Hampshire. Erigo’s contract, funded under the Department of Defense Rapid Innovation Fund and awarded by the U.S. Corp of Engineers on behalf of the U.S. Northern Command, calls for delivery of an innovative system employing multiple battery types and sophisticated control systems to address the frequency, duty cycle, and storage needs of the conventional and renewable power sources that make up many DoD microgrids. EPT’s patented PowerPyramid™ hybrid energy storage system can be tailored to quickly and smoothly compensate for load imbalances and power source interruptions. The BESS will undergo testing and evaluation at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Energy System Integration Facility (ESIF), located on the campus of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory’s (NREL) in Golden, Colorado. At the completion of testing, NREL will assist USNORTHCOM in putting the system into service at a to-be-determined military base. The three-tiered, 300 kW/386 kWh PowerPyramid™ grid-tied energy storage system is capable of providing grid stabilization, microgrid support and on-command power response. The hybrid system utilizes Li-Ion, lead-acid and nickel-iron batteries to deliver an appropriate balance of rapidly available energy and total power. The system is designed to be modular so any number of additional tiers could be added to the system at a later date.

Hybrid Battery 300 1:17.00 TBD, Golden, Colorado 80401, United States

Under Construction

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Pennsylvania ATLAS (Aggregated Transactive Load Asset)

VCharge, recognizing the energy storage potential of ETS, developed electronic controls for these heating systems that allow individual heaters or electric boilers to be switched on or off rapidly (within seconds) of the receipt of a control signal by VCharge’s Network Operations Center from the area’s grid operator, PJM Interconnect. The innovation started in the tidy development of Stones Throw in East Stroudsburg, where developers had installed identical ETS units in the 1980′s and ’90s, making it a perfect place to pilot VCharge’s technology. Now, over 40 Stones Throw homeowners, and nearly another 100 in the surrounding area, have installed free controls on their ETS heaters to participate in this radical experiment in grid storage and energy management–and to get a 25% discount on their home heating bills. By itself, any individual heating system is relatively unremarkable. But together, the 134 homes in VCharge’s Aggregated Transactive Load Asset (ATLAS) create a huge resource for grid balancing–specifically providing ancillary services like fast frequency response through the markets run by PJM. This reservoir of capacity, both to cut load on the system (effectively generating negawatts) and to absorb rapid influxes of energy (for example from a sudden surge from a solar or wind farm) means that grid operators have a powerful new tool in their belts to deal with the coming demands of a shifting energy mix.

Heat Thermal Storage 2,010 5:00.00 East Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania, United States

Operational

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VCharge Maine ATLAS (Aggregated Transactive Load Asset)

Distributed/Aggregated transactive load asset comprised on electric thermal storage heating in Maine residences.

Heat Thermal Storage 300 5:00.00 Portland, Maine, United States

Operational

Pacific Gas and Electric Company Advanced Underground Compressed Air Energy Storage

A 300 MW A-CAES demo plant will use an underground storage container (depleted gas reservoir), and next-generation turbomachinery. The project has 3 phases: Phase 1 - preliminary engineering, geologic reservoir engineering, econmoic analyses, and regulatory permitting; Phase 2 - Construction and plant commissioning; Phase 3: Plant operation and plant performance monitoring. Ph 2 of the project will go ahead if the Ph1 results show PG&E and California regulatory management that the project is cost effective.

In-ground Compressed Air Storage 300,000 10:00.00 San Joaquin County, California, United States

Announced

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Johnson City

AES installed a bank of 800,000 A123 Lithium-ion batteries to perform frequency regulation for the New York ISO. The system was the largest Lithium-ion battery in commercial service on the US power grid when completed.

Lithium Ion Battery 8,000 0:15.00 Johnson City, New York, United States

Operational

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Auwahi Wind Farm

This 11MW, 4.4MWh lithium ion battery system was provided by A123 Systems and performs wind ramp management for a 21MW wind farm located on the island of Maui.

Lithium Ion Battery 11,000 0:24.00 Kula, Hawaii, United States

Operational

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Crescent Dunes Solar Energy Project

The Crescent Dunes Solar Energy Project is a 110 MW plant located near Tonopah, Nevada. The project will utilize technology developed in the U.S. by SolarReserve and its technology partners to capture and store the sun’s energy in order to deliver a firm electricity supply to Nevada, day or night, without the need to burn fossil fuels. The molten salt “receiver” is actually comprised of panels formed by hundreds of special alloy tubes which will be flowing with molten salt for energy absorption and storage. Once complete, the project will be capable of storing 10 hours of full load electricity production, enough to power 75,000 homes at peak electric demand periods, even after dark. Unlike water, molten salt remains in a liquid state at high temperatures, enabling it to be transported to ground level and stored through a relatively inexpensive system of pipes and tanks. On an as-needed basis, the heated salt is used to boil water to operate a steam-driven turbine, a part of the process that is exactly like any conventional fossil fuel power plant.

Molten Salt Storage 110,000 10:00.00 Tonopah, Nevada, United States

Under Construction

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AES Angamos Storage Array

This project will utilize 20MW of A123 lithium-ion batteries to supply a flexible and scalable emissions-free reserve capacity installation for AES Gener. The advanced energy storage installation provides critical contingency services to maintain the stability of the electric grid in Northern Chile, an important mining area. It continuously monitors the condition of the power system and if a significant frequency deviation occurs—for example, the loss of a generator or transmission line—the energy storage system is capable of providing up to 20MW of power nearly instantaneously. This output is designed to be maintained for 15 minutes at full power, allowing the system operator to resolve the event or bring other standby units online. Check out a video from AES on the project here: http://youtu.be/ZpLmojvLEX8

Lithium Ion Battery 20,000 0:20.00 Mejillones, Antofagasta, Chile

Operational

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Norgener Power Station, Los Andes Battery Energy Storage System

The Los Andes project provides critical contingency services to maintain the stability of the electric grid in Northern Chile, an important mining area. The project continuously monitors the condition of the power system and if a significant frequency deviation occurs, such as the loss of a generator or transmission line, the Los Andes system provides up to 12MW of power nearly instantaneously. This output can be maintained for 20 minutes at full power, allowing the system operator to resolve the event or bring other standby units online.

Lithium Ion Battery 12,000 0:20.00 Copiapo, Atacama, Chile

Operational

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Laurel Mountain

AES installed a wind generation plant comprised of 98 MW of wind generation and 32 MW of integrated battery-based energy storage. The project is supplying emissions-free renewable energy and clean, flexible, operating reserve capacity to the PJM Interconnection, the largest power market in the world.

Lithium Ion Battery 32,000 0:15.00 Elkins, West Virginia, United States

Operational

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VCharge Concord Pilot

Pilot distributed thermal storage project providing frequency regulation and load-shifting in ISO New England.

Heat Thermal Storage 175 5:00.00 Concord, Massachusetts, United States

Operational

SCE Tehachapi Beacon Gen 4 FESS

This Beacon Flywheel Energy Storage System (FESS) is the continuation of the system at the PG&E San Ramon research center. After successful trials, Beacon swapped the seven 15 kW system for a one 100 kW system. The project was funded and owned by the California Energy Commission (CEC) and the single 100 kW unit is was deployed to the Southern California Edison Tehachapi Windfarm in 2010.

Flywheel 100 0:15.00 Tehachapi, California, United States

De-Commissioned

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Vernon Battery Energy Storage System (BESS)

The 3.5 MWh BESS was located at the GNB lead smelting and recycling facility in Vernon, CA. GNB's primary concern was to assure the continual operation of lead-dust emission reduction systems during a power outage. Secondly, the system was used in a peak shaving capacity for a few hours a day.

Valve Regulated Lead Acid Battery (VRLA) 5,000 0:42.00 2600 S Indiana St, Vernon, California 90058, United States

De-Commissioned

Beacon Power 500 kW Flywheel Tyngsboro, MA

Located at Beacon Power headquarters, this 0.5 MW Flywheel Energy Storage System (FESS) supplies frequency regulation services to ISO-NE.

Flywheel 500 0:15.00 65 Middlesex Road, Tyngsboro, Massachusetts 01879, United States

Operational

John W. Keys III Pump-Generating Plant

The John W. Keys III Pump-Generating Plant (formerly known as Grand Coulee Pump-Generating Plant) pumps water uphill 280 feet from Franklin D. Roosevelt Lake to Banks Lake. This water is used to irrigate approximately 670,000 acres of farmland in the Columbia Basin Project. More than 60 crops are grown in the basin and distributed across the nation Construction of the irrigation facilities began in 1948. Components of the project include the pump-generating plant, feeder canal, and equalizing reservoir, which was later named Banks Lake. Banks Lake was formed by damming the northern 27 miles of the Grand Coulee, and has an active storage capacity of 715,000 acre-feet. The lake stores water for irrigation and also provides important recreational benefits to the region. The pump-generating plant began operation in 1951. From 1951 to 1953, six pumping units, each rated at 65,000 horsepower and with a capacity to pump 1,600 cubic feet per second, were installed in the plant. In the early 1960s, investigations revealed the potential for power generation. Reversible pumps were installed to allow water from Banks Lake to flow back through the units to generate power during periods of peak demand. The first three generating pumps came online in 1973. Two more generating pumps were installed in 1983; the final generating pump was installed in January 1984. The total generating capacity of the plant is now 314,000 kilowatts. In 2008, the pump-generating plant was renamed in honor of John W. Keys III. Keys was Commissioner of the Bureau of Reclamation from 2001 to 2006 and Pacific Northwest Regional Director from 1986 to 1998. He was killed in a plane crash in 2008.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 314,000 80:00.00 Grand Coulee, Washington, United States

Operational

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Bear Swamp Hydroelectric Power Station

The Bear Swamp complex, completed in 1974, is on the Deerfield River in Rowe and Florida, Massachusetts. Bear Swamp comprises an underground pumped storage generating station and two conventional hydroelectric stations. New England Power Company developed Bear Swamp to meet the expanded peak load periods when New England's electricity consumers place the heaviest demand on the system. In the process, a large tract of land on both banks of the river was opened to public recreational use. The major generating units are twin, reversible pump turbines planted deep within the hillside on the south bank. Operating in unison, they produce a maximum of 600* megawatts of peaking power. During low demand periods, they are reversed to pump water 770 feet from the lower to the upper reservoir to a height of 1600 feet above sea level for storage until needed at the next peak period.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 600,000 5:00.00 Rowe, Massachusetts, United States

Operational

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NRStor Minto Flywheel Energy Storage Project

NRStor was selected by Ontario's Independent Electricity System Operator (IESO) through a selective RFP process to deliver 2 MW of frequency regulation services to the Ontario electricity grid. Temporal Power Ltd. is the flywheel manufacturer and will be supplying the 10-flywheel 2MW facility. http://www.temporalpower.com

Flywheel 2,000 0:15.00 25 Hutchison St., Harriston, Town of Minto, Ontario N0G1Z0, Canada

Operational

M5BAT (Modular Multi-Megawatt Multi-Technology Medium-Voltage Battery Storage)

The goal of this collaborative project is the construction and operation of a stationary battery facility with a rated power of 5MW in a specially converted building at RWTH Aachen University in Aachen, Germany. E.ON, SMA, Exide, beta-motion and RWTH Aachen University are involved in the project as project partners. E.ON New Build & Technology will be responsible for modification and equipping of the building. Lead-acid and litihium-ion battery strings will be installed by Exide and beta-motion, and battery inverters will be supplied by SMA. RWTH Aachen will be responsible for technical supervision, scientific research, operation and testing. The battery system will be connected to the local medium voltage grid and used to balance energy supplies. Capacities of up to 5MW will be traded in real-time on the energy market by E.ON Global Commodities over a two year period.

Hybrid Battery 5,000 0:45.00 Hüttenstr, Aachen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Contracted

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UCSD BMW 2nd Life EV Energy Storage System

The BMW project is fully sponsored by BMW, and will consist of utilizing used mini-E electric vehicle batteries, and will have about 108 kW of power capacity and 2-3 hours of energy storage. The system will be integrated with PV solar and possibly fast EV DC charging.

Lithium Ion Battery 108 1:40.00 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, California 92093, United States

Operational

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Barclay Tower

Today in New York City, Glenwood Management reveals Manhattan’s first battery-based, intelligent energy storage system providing 225 kilowatts (kW) of power with 2 megawatt hours (MWh) of stored energy capacity to a New York City high rise. The Joule.System™ designed by Demand Energy Networks, Inc. is located at Glenwood’s flagship property, Barclay Tower, a 58-story luxury residential high rise located at 10 Barclay Street near the new World Trade Center, New York.

Advanced Lead Acid Battery 225 8:50.00 10 Barclay Street, New York, New York 10007, United States

Operational

Hydrostor UCAES Aruba Project

Hydrostor's proprietary technology is based on a simple idea: Anchor a low-cost air cavity to the bottom of a lake or ocean floor, and store energy in it by filling it with compressed air created using surplus renewable energy. The energy is discharged from the system by releasing the air stored underwater to drive a turbine recreating electricity when it is most needed - either to meet daily demand peaks or to cover periods of calm winds or cloud cover that prevent power from being harnessed.

Underwater Compressed Air Energy Storage 1,000 8:00.00 Vader Piet Windpark, San Nicolas, Aruba, Netherlands

Contracted

Hydrostor UCAES Demonstration Facility

Construction is underway on a 1 MW/4 MWh demonstration facility to showcase Hydrostor’s first-of-a-kind system. Located Approx. 5km from the shore of Toronto, the system will be situated in Lake Ontario at a depth of 80m.

Underwater Compressed Air Energy Storage 1,000 4:00.00 Toronto, Ontario , Canada

Under Construction

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Dinorwig Power Station

Dinorwig is comprised of 16km of underground tunnels, deep below Elidir mountain. Its construction required 1 million tonnes of concrete, 200,000 tonnes of cement and 4,500 tonnes of steel. The station's six powerful generating units stand in Europe's largest man-made cavern. Adjacent to this lies the main inlet valve chamber housing the plant that regulates the flow of water through the turbines. Dinorwig's reversible pump/turbines are capable of reaching maximum generation in less than 16 seconds. Using off-peak electricity the six units are reversed as pumps to transport water from the lower reservoir, back to Marchlyn Mawr.

Closed Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,728,000 5:00.00 Dinorwig, Wales, United Kingdom

Operational

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KIUC Anahola Solar Array and Battery

Saft will supply 8 Intensium Max 20M containers and two containers housing an ABB 6 MW PCS to Kaua'i Island Utility Co-operative (KIUC). The units will be incorporated into a 60-acre, 12 MW PV array in Anahola on the northeast side of the island of Kaua‘i. Upon completion in 2015, it will generate five percent of Kaua‘i’s annual energy needs, or enough electricity to power 4,000 homes. The duration is 50 minutes @ 3 MW - 70% SOC

Lithium Ion Battery 6,000 0:50.00 Anahola, Hawaii 96703, United States

Under Construction

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Axion PowerCube for PJM

Axion Power International, Inc., the developer of advanced lead-carbon PbC® batteries and energy storage systems, on November 22, 2011, integrated its PowerCube™ battery energy storage and battery system as a power resource for the PJM Regulation Market, which serves 58 million people in all or parts of 13 states and the District of Columbia. The use of PowerCube on the PJM market marks the first time an external energy storage system has been integrated into a major power grid. Axion Power, working in partnership with Philadelphia-based Viridity Energy on this and other projects, is initially participating in the PJM market as a 100 kw resource that will soon be ramped to higher kw levels. As a curtailment service provider in PJM, Viridity Energy will be managing the Axion PowerCube, a highly mobile and scalable 500kw/250kw Battery Energy Storage System.

Lead Carbon Battery 500 0:30.00 3601 Clover Lane, New Castle, Pennsylvania 16105, United States

Operational

Eagle Mountain Project

Eagle Mountain Mine was operated by Kaiser Steel Corporation from 1948 to 1982 for the mining and concentrating of iron ore through excavation of four open pits located on land. Eagle Crest Energy obtained exclusive rights to study the site for development of a hydroelectric project from the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. Using open mind hits as reservoirs, the Eagle Mountain Pumped Storage Project will store water in an upper reservoir for later release through an underground power plant to the lower reservoir, generating electricity during peak hours when it is needed most. The Eagle Mountain Pumped Storage Project will utilize four 325 MW reversible hydroelectric turbines to provide 1300 MW of firm, stable, and dispatchable power when needed. It will provide electricity during the peak electrical demand periods, unexpected generation outages, and help correct and balances in the southwestern grid. Through its ability to store the off-peak energy produced by windmills, solar panels, and baseload nuclear and fossil fuel plants, this single project can accomplish the equivalent of many smaller peak-energy projects. This project will also help make renewable wind and solar projects fully integrated, reliable generation sources. On 7/24/14 GEI Consultants announced that the project has received its FERC licensing. Read the press release: http://goo.gl/Mz30wS

Closed Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,300,000 n/a Desert Center, California, United States

Contracted

SNOPUD MESA 1a Project

Snohomish County Public Utility District (SNOPUD) and 1Energy Systems will partner to develop and deploy an innovative approach to energy storage, aimed at helping electric utilities increase their use of renewable energy and improve overall reliability. The MESA-1 installation will be the first energy storage system built on the Modular Energy Storage Architecture (MESA), an innovative approach to energy storage based on open, non-proprietary industry standards. Two battery systems will be installed for the system: MESA 1a utilize a Parker Hannifin Power Conversion System and a Mitsubishi 1 MW (500 kWh) Li-Ion battery. Alstom Grid and faculty from the University of Washington will join the project to collaborate on research, analysis and design of technology interfaces. 1Energy will lead the selection of future MESA partners who will provide batteries, power conversion and balance-of-system components.

Lithium Ion Battery 1,000 0:30.00 910 Shuksan Way, Everett, Washington 98203, United States

Contracted

SNOPUD MESA 1b Project

Snohomish County Public Utility District (SNOPUD) and 1Energy Systems will partner to develop and deploy an innovative approach to energy storage, aimed at helping electric utilities increase their use of renewable energy and improve overall reliability. The MESA-1 installation will be the first energy storage system built on the Modular Energy Storage Architecture (MESA), an innovative approach to energy storage based on open, non-proprietary industry standards. Two battery systems will be installed for the system: MESA 1b will utilize a Parker Hannifin Power Conversion System and an LG Chem Ltd. 1 MW (500kWh) Li-Ion battery. Alstom Grid and faculty from the University of Washington will join the project to collaborate on research, analysis and design of technology interfaces. 1Energy will lead the selection of future MESA partners who will provide batteries, power conversion and balance-of-system components.

Lithium Ion Battery 1,000 0:30.00 910 Shuksan Way, Everett, Washington 98203, United States

Contracted

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Dangling Rope Marina Hybrid Power System

The remote Dangling Rope Marina has successfully reduced its annual fuel consumption since 1996 by integrating PV, propane generators, and lead acid batteries. The original batteries were replaced in 2003. Batteries: 2.4 MWh, C&D, 396 Vdc nominal • 792 C&D 6-C125-25, in 40 Steel Cases • 4 parallel strings, 396 Vdc - nominal Inverter: 250 kW, 3 phase 480 Vac • Kenetech/Trace

Lead Acid Battery 250 9:36.00 Dangling Rope Marina, Lake Powell, Utah 84533, United States

Operational

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Pualani Manor

The ZBB EnerStore® will be used as part of Pualani Manor’s new state-of-the-art elevator system that utilizes power from the grid and renewable energy. The system will manage the energy usage from a 20kW photovoltaic array that will also allow the elevator to be operated during emergency situations and extended power outages. With the expandable, modular, and scalable ZBB EnerStore® unit, the non-profit mid-rise, multi-family apartment can add more inputs of PV or other alternative energy sources and/or additional storage devices in the future.

Zinc Bromide Flow Battery 60 2:30.00 1216 Pua Lane, Honolulu, Hawaii, United States

Operational

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Xtreme Power Ford Manufacturing Assembly Plant

Xtreme integrated their Dynamic Power Resource with a solar power-run Ford car manufacturing plant in Dearborn Michigan. The Storage System helps to even out the intermittent solar resource.

Advanced Lead Acid Battery 750 2:40.00 3001 Miller Road, Dearborn, Michigan 48120, United States

Operational

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GVEA Battery Energy Storage System (BESS)

Completed in December 2003, the BESS is one of GVEA's initiatives to improve the reliability of service to GVEA members. In the event of a generation or transmission related outage, it can provide 27 megawatts of power for 15 minutes. That's enough time for the co-op to start up local generation when there are problems with the Intertie or power plants in Anchorage. One of the requirements for construction of the Intertie was a reactive power supply capable of delivering power should generation fail. At the heart of the world's most powerful energy storage battery are two core components: the Nickel-Cadmium (Ni-Cad) batteries, developed by Saft, and the converter, designed and supplied by ABB. The converter changes the batteries' DC power into AC power ready for use in GVEA's transmission system. Awards Received: - ABB was awarded the Platts 2003 Global Energy Award for their design and development of the BESS converter. - The Electric Power Resarch Institue Technology Award for the BESS project at the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association Annual Meeting on February 15 2004. - Guiness World Record certificate acknowledging that the BESS is the world's most powerful battery on December 10, 2003. During a test of its maximum limit, it discharged 46 megawatts for five minutes Statistics: - 13,760 liquid electrolyte-filled Ni-Cad cells - Each battery is roughly the size of a large PC and weighs 165 pounds - Total BESS weight - 1,500 tons - Batteries have an anticipated life of 20-30 years - Can be run at 46MW for for as long as five minutes

Nickel Cadmium Battery 27,000 0:15.00 Fairbanks, Alaska, United States

Operational

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PNM Prosperity Energy Storage Project

The Public Service Company of New Mexico (PNM) demonstration project installed an energy storage system composed of two elements: a 0.5MW Smoothing Battery utilizing Ultra Batteries and a 0.25MW/0.99MWhr Peak Shifting Battery utilizing Advanced Lead Acid Batteries, both manufactured by Ecoult/East Penn Manufacturing. These two systems combined with a single 0.75MW Power Conditioning System, are co-located with a separately installed 500kW solar PV plant, at a utility-owned site, to create a firm, dispatchable, renewable generation resource. This hybrid resource provides simultaneous voltage smoothing and peak shifting through advanced control algorithms and switches between two configurations, end-of-feeder and beginning-of- feeder. The project has successfully demonstrated a variety of applications, including PV firming, peak shaving, energy arbitrage, optimized energy shifting selecting from the above application as well as simultaneously smoothing PV output. It has gathered close to 1 TB of 1 second interval data over 2 years from a variety of field points. Its control algorithms are securely importing real time market, system and feeder data and optimize operation of the BESS on a real time automated basis based on prioritized listing of applications. The project has also developed sophisticated dynamic modeling tools which are used to calibrate and optimize the battery system control algorithms. These models have furthered the understanding of feeders with storage and distributed generation on an industry wide basis and over 18 technical publications have stemmed from this project. The site is located in southeast Albuquerque. Results and real time data feeds are available at www.pnm.com/solarstorage and resil.

Advanced Lead Acid Battery 500 4:00.00 5700 W University Blvd SE , Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States

Operational

Clean Energy Storage: Centralia College

Advanced Energy System powering 12 outdoor street lights w/ solar & wind

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 5 8:00.00 600 Centralia College Blvd, Centralia, Washington 98531, United States

Operational

Clean Energy Storage: Devinenini

Residential combination small wind and solar

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 5 4:00.00 Seattle, Washington, United States

Operational

Clean Energy Storage: Sun Buzz

Residential combination solar

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 5 5:00.00 Redmond, Washington, United States

Operational

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LA Metro Wayside Flywheel Energy Storage System

The system will be a 6 MW wayside energy storage system (WESS) type installation when complete. The 1st phase is a 2 MW flywheel based energy storage system, consisting of 4 units (500 kW) each capable of producing 2.08 kWh of usable energy. The goal is to reduce the transit authority's utility bill by absorbing regenerative braking energy and delivering it back when the train accelerates away from the station. A controller, independent of the WESS, will be utilized to command the WESS to charge and discharge as required.

Flywheel 2,000 0:00.25 680 S Westlake Avenue, Los Angeles, California 90057, United States

Operational

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CSIRO, ZBB Experimental Zinc-Bromide Flow Battery

The system stored solar and wind energy produced by the building’s photovoltaic (PV) panels and wind turbines. The stored energy capacity was 500 kWh and was used to power the building and export to the electricity grid. The power capability of the battery was 100 kW and covered the total building load at night and during low load periods such as weekends. Peak loads are met by a combination of renewable energy, battery output and grid electricity. The system utilized ten modules with independent power conversion.

Zinc Bromide Flow Battery 100 5:00.00 10 Murray Dwyer Circuit, Mayfield West, New South Wales 2304, Australia

De-Commissioned

Endesa STORE: Gran Canaria Project

Endesa'a STORE project aims to demonstrate the technical and financial viability of large-scale storage systems to improve the reliability and operation of the grid in weak and isolated island networks. It explores operational possibilities for the arbitrage of power, voltage regulation, load leveling and peak shaving, and frequency regulation. Project STORE has three demonstration plants in the Canary Islands: • Lithium-ion battery system, with total installed capacity of 1MW/3MWh • A flywheel with total installed capacity of 0.5MW/18MWs • Ultra-Capacitors with total installed capacity of 4MW/20MWs With a budget of Euro 11 million, the project is partly financed by The Centre for Industrial Technological Development (CDTI) (a Business Public Entity, answering to the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness) and the European Union. Saft provided the 1 MW / 3 MWh lithium-ion unit: http://goo.gl/dIFEft

Lithium Ion Battery 1,000 3:00.00 La Aldea de San Nicolás, Gran Canaria, Canary Islands, Spain

Operational

Endesa STORE: La Gomera Project

Endesa'a STORE project aims to demonstrate the technical and financial viability of large-scale storage systems to improve the reliability and operation of the grid in weak and isolated island networks. It explores operational possibilities for the arbitrage of power, voltage regulation, load leveling and peak shaving, and frequency regulation. Project STORE has three demonstration plants in the Canary Islands: • Lithium-ion battery system, with total installed capacity of 1MW/3MWh • A flywheel with total installed capacity of 0.5MW/18MWs • Ultra-Capacitors with total installed capacity of 4MW/20MWs With a budget of Euro 11 million, the project is partly financed by The Centre for Industrial Technological Development (CDTI) (a Business Public Entity, answering to the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness) and the European Union. This ABB Powerstore flywheel provides 0.5 MW/ 18 MWs of storage. It will provide inertia and active power for primary voltage regulation, as well as helping to continuously stabilize voltage on the island.

Flywheel 500 0:00.50 Playa Santiago, La Gomera, Canary Islands, Spain

Operational

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KIER/Juju Island Vanadium Redox Battery Project

Prudent Energy’s project with KIER is an important step toward the effective deployment of island-based, off-grid power supplies in Korea, using wind power, solar PV, diesel generators, and VRB® energy storage. KIER seeks to test and deploy the most promising advanced energy storage and related technologies. Prudent Energy’s patented VRB-ESS® is recognized as an ideal solution for renewable energy management and integration.

Vanadium Redox Flow Battery 100 2:00.00 Juju Island, Juju, Korea, South

Operational

Endesa: V2G

This innovative project aims to find new ways to integrate the electric vehicle in the system and broaden its possibilities. This pilot consists of modified electric vehicles that are able, not only to recharge by consuming power from the grid but also, to become a source of power or an electric storage unit.

Lithium Ion Battery 80 1:00.00 Malaga, Andalucia, Spain

Operational

Endesa HQ B2G (Barcelona)

This project aims to allow better integration of renewable energy into the electric mobility system. The project can accomplish these goals by installing the battery module very close to charging points and on-site renewable generation.

Lithium Ion Battery 20 1:00.00 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain

Operational

Endesa: CRAVE

This project promotes research, development and demonstration of rapid charging of electric vehicles including the integration of renewable energies and storage systems, and the study of the impact on the network.

Lithium Ion Battery 47 1:00.00 University of Zaragoza, Campus Río Ebro, Calle M. Esquillor Gómez, 15, Zaragoza, Aragon 50018, Spain

Operational

IREC B2G

This Catalonia Institute for Energy Research (IREC) explores uses of 2nd life EV batteries. It consists of a series of tests performed in a controlled environment, designed to identify the effects caused on them by previous usage and their possible new uses.

Lithium Ion Battery 23 1:00.00 Jardins de les Dones de Negre, 1, 2ª pl., Sant Adrià de Besòs, Barcelona, Catalonia 08930, Spain

Operational

Moralets-Llauset (Lleida/Huesca) Hydroelectric Power Station

This pumping station is located on the Noguera Ribargorzana River in the hydraulic central of Moralets and it serves as energy storage by pumping water back to the dam in times of excess generation, low demand or low energy prices.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 219,100 n/a Huesca, Aragon, Spain

Operational

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SEPTA Wayside Energy Storage System - Griscom Lithium-Ion

The Energy Optimization project is designed to capture energy from rail cars through a regenerative braking process and then utilize the energy for accelerating trains, and to generate revenue through demand-side participation in power markets. Saft will provide one Intensium Max 20P Li-ion megawatt energy storage system to capture train braking energy and then discharge it back to the third rail (power rail) to power trains leaving the station. The system will provide regenerative braking charge acceptance for SEPTA trains and power discharge back to the station to support rail traffic while simultaneously participating in the PJM Interconnection market for frequency regulation. ABB is integrating the system with their power electronics.

Lithium Ion Battery 900 0:30.00 4701 Griscom St., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19124, United States

Under Construction

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Duke Energy Notrees Wind Storage Demonstration Project

Duke Energy has deployed a wind energy storage demonstration system at the 153MW Notrees Wind power project in western Texas. The project demonstrates how energy storage and power storage technologies can help wind power systems address intermittency issues by building a 36 megawatt (MW) turnkey energy storage and power management system capable of optimizing the delivery of energy, in addition to providing regulation service in the ERCOT market. The project is supported by a U.S. DOE Office of Electricity ARRA grant. More info on the Notrees Wind Farm - http://www.duke-energy.com/commercial-renewables/notrees-windpower.asp

Advanced Lead Acid Battery 36,000 0:40.00 Goldsmith, Texas 79759, United States

Operational

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Southern California Edison Tehachapi Wind Energy Storage Project

The Tehachapi Wind Energy Storage Project, funded by Southern California Edison (SCE) and federal stimulus funding awarded by the Department of Energy as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, is positioned to demonstrate the effectiveness of lithium-ion battery and smart inverter technologies to improve grid performance and assist in the integration of variable energy resources. The project is based at SCE’s Monolith Substation in Tehachapi, California and includes a 32 MWh battery energy storage system (BESS) and the associated power conversion system. The project will evaluate the performance of the BESS to improve grid performance and assist in the integration of large-scale variable energy resourced generation. Project performance will be measured with 13 specific operational uses: provide voltage support and grid stabilization; decrease transmission losses; diminish congestion; increase system reliability; defer transmission investment; optimize size of new renewable-related transmission; provide system capacity and resource adequacy; integrate renewable energy (smoothing); shift wind generation output; frequency regulation; spin/non-spin replacement reserves; ramp management; and energy price arbitrage. Most of the operations either shift other generation resources to meet peak load and other electricity system needs with stored electricity, or resolve grid stability and capacity concerns that result from the interconnection of variable energy resources. SCE will also demonstrate the ability of lithium-ion battery storage to provide nearly instantaneous maximum capacity for supply-side ramp rate control to minimize the need for fossil fuel-powered back-up generation.

Lithium Ion Battery 8,000 4:00.00 Tehachapi, California, United States

Operational

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49er Stadium Green Charge Networks GreenStation

Green Charge Networks is providing intelligent energy storage solutions to reduce peak demand charges with their sophisticated software algorithm and battery storage system.  In addition, Green Charge Networks is aggregating locations to participate in Demand Response events to increase the savings. 

Lithium Ion Battery 30 1:00.00 4900 Marie P. DeBartolo Way, Santa Clara, California 95054, United States

Operational

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Green Charge Networks (43rd Street Site 1)

Green Charge Networks is providing intelligent energy storage solutions to reduce peak demand charges with their sophisticated software algorithm and battery storage system.  In addition, Green Charge Networks is aggregating locations to participate in Demand Response events to increase the savings. 

Lithium Ion Battery 96 1:00.00 43rd St, New York, New York 10036, United States

Under Construction

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Green Charge Networks (43rd Street Site 2)

Green Charge Networks is providing intelligent energy storage solutions to reduce peak demand charges with their sophisticated software algorithm and battery storage system.  In addition, Green Charge Networks is aggregating locations to participate in Demand Response events to increase the savings. 

Lithium Ion Battery 96 1:00.00 43rd St, New York, New York 10036, United States

Under Construction

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Green Charge Networks (43rd Street Site 3)

Green Charge Networks is providing intelligent energy storage solutions to reduce peak demand charges with their sophisticated software algorithm and battery storage system.  In addition, Green Charge Networks is aggregating locations to participate in Demand Response events to increase the savings. 

Lithium Ion Battery 96 1:00.00 43rd St, New York, New York 10036, United States

Under Construction

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Green Charge Networks (Yonkers Site 1)

Green Charge Networks is providing intelligent energy storage solutions to reduce peak demand charges with their sophisticated software algorithm and battery storage system.  In addition, Green Charge Networks is aggregating locations to participate in Demand Response events to increase the savings. 

Lithium Ion Battery 96 1:00.00 Yonkers, New York 10703, United States

Under Construction

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Carlsbad 7-Eleven Green Charge Networks Greenstation

Green Charge Networks is providing intelligent energy storage solutions to reduce peak demand charges with their sophisticated software algorithm and battery storage system.  In addition, Green Charge Networks is aggregating locations to participate in Demand Response events to increase the savings. 

Lithium Ion Battery 30 1:00.00 901 Palomar Airport Road, Carlsbad, California 92011, United States

Operational

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Green Charge Networks Greenstation (Norwalk Site 1)

Green Charge Networks is providing intelligent energy storage solutions to reduce peak demand charges with their sophisticated software algorithm and battery storage system.  In addition, Green Charge Networks is aggregating locations to participate in Demand Response events to increase the savings. 

Lithium Ion Battery 30 1:00.00 11461 Firestone Boulevard, Norwalk, California 90650, United States

Under Construction

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Green Charge Networks Greenstation (San Diego Site 1)

Green Charge Networks is providing intelligent energy storage solutions to reduce peak demand charges with their sophisticated software algorithm and battery storage system.  In addition, Green Charge Networks is aggregating locations to participate in Demand Response events to increase the savings. 

Lithium Ion Battery 30 1:00.00 4080 Convoy St, San Diego, California 92111, United States

Under Construction

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Green Charge Networks Greenstation (San Diego Site 2)

Green Charge Networks is providing intelligent energy storage solutions to reduce peak demand charges with their sophisticated software algorithm and battery storage system.  In addition, Green Charge Networks is aggregating locations to participate in Demand Response events to increase the savings. 

Lithium Ion Battery 30 1:00.00 2805 Garnet Ave, San Diego, California 92109, United States

Under Construction

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Fullerton State Green Charge Networks Greenstation

Green Charge Networks is providing intelligent energy storage solutions to reduce peak demand charges with their sophisticated software algorithm and battery storage system.  In addition, Green Charge Networks is aggregating locations to participate in Demand Response events to increase the savings. 

Lithium Ion Battery 480 1:00.00 800 N State College Boulevard , Fullerton, California 92834, United States

Operational

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Green Charge Networks Greenstation (Playa Vista Site 1)

Green Charge Networks is providing intelligent energy storage solutions to reduce peak demand charges with their sophisticated software algorithm and battery storage system.  In addition, Green Charge Networks is aggregating locations to participate in Demand Response events to increase the savings. 

Lithium Ion Battery 30 1:00.00 Playa Vista, California 90094, United States

Under Construction

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Green Charge Networks Greenstation (Aliso Viejo Site 1)

Green Charge Networks is providing intelligent energy storage solutions to reduce peak demand charges with their sophisticated software algorithm and battery storage system.  In addition, Green Charge Networks is aggregating locations to participate in Demand Response events to increase the savings. 

Lithium Ion Battery 30 1:00.00 16A Journey, Aliso Viejo, California 92656, United States

Under Construction

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Butte College Green Charge Networks GreenStation

Green Charge Networks is providing intelligent energy storage solutions to reduce peak demand charges with their sophisticated software algorithm and battery storage system.  In addition, Green Charge Networks is aggregating locations to participate in Demand Response events to increase the savings. 

Lithium Ion Battery 30 1:00.00 3536 Butte Campus Drive, Oroville, California 95965, United States

Operational

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Shore Hotel Green Charge Networks GreenStation

Shore Hotel installed a Green Charge Networks GreenStation, which will save the hotel an estimated 50% in demand charges annually. GreenStation™, an intelligent energy storage system, combines historical energy use patterns with real-time weather data to predict demand and store and discharge energy accordingly. The installation further showcases the hotel's commitment to sustainability and propels it towards a LEED Platinum certification.

Lithium Ion Battery 30 1:00.00 1515 Ocean Ave, Santa Monica, California 90401, United States

Operational

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Lancaster MOAH Green Charge Networks Greenstation

Green Charge Networks is providing intelligent energy storage solutions to reduce peak demand charges with their sophisticated software algorithm and battery storage system.  In addition, Green Charge Networks is aggregating locations to participate in Demand Response events to increase the savings. 

Lithium Ion Battery 30 1:00.00 665 W Lancaster Blvd, Lancaster, California 93534, United States

Operational

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Redwood City Parking Garage Green Charge Networks Greenstation

Green Charge Networks is providing intelligent energy storage solutions to reduce peak demand charges with their sophisticated software algorithm and battery storage system.  In addition, Green Charge Networks is aggregating locations to participate in Demand Response events to increase the savings. 

Lithium Ion Battery 30 1:00.00 750 Marshall Street, Redwood City, California 94062, United States

Operational

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Redwood City Public Library Green Charge Networks Greenstation

Green Charge Networks is providing intelligent energy storage solutions to reduce peak demand charges with their sophisticated software algorithm and battery storage system.  In addition, Green Charge Networks is aggregating locations to participate in Demand Response events to increase the savings. 

Lithium Ion Battery 30 1:00.00 339 Marine Parkway, Redwood City, California 94063, United States

Operational

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Isle of Muck Microgrid System

Muck is a small island off Scotland with a population of 38 people. Diesel generators and intermittent wind generation has made up the entirety of their power supply until recently. The battery array put in by Wind and Sun, accompanied by a PV array and additional wind turbines, has allowed a renewable-focused micro-grid which will significantly reduce the reliance on diesel power.

Lead Acid Battery 45 3:40.00 Isle of Muck, Highland, Scottland PH41 2RP, United Kingdom

Operational

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Isle of Rum Microgrid System

A National Nature Reserve, the Isle of Rum contracted Wind & Sun to develop a micro-grid system capable of shifting their well-endowed hydro-generation resources to match peak loads more efficiently. A Sunny Island system was installed, now the system is well balanced, and the back-up diesel generators are automatically controlled by the Sunny Boy inverters.

Lead Acid Battery 45 3:40.00 Isle of Rum, Highland, Scottland PH43 4, United Kingdom

Operational

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McAlpine Circuit CES System

Duke Energy's Smart Grid Demonstration activities include work in the Envision Energy pilot in Charlotte, North Carolina. The Envision Energy project consists of two substation scale energy storage installations, a one MW solar installation, two community energy storage locations, communication nodes, distribution devices, metering, home energy management systems, residential PV, intelligent EVSE and plug-in vehicles. The residential systems (PV, PEV, EVSE, CES, HEM, and smart appliances) will be installed at five employee homes. The Purpose of CES Systems is to perform transformer-level peak shaving by integrating with residential level distributed resources and loads. The CES units were reportedly shipped to Duke Energy in July 2011and installed at two utility employee properties in mid-September 2011. The units were previously observed being tested at a Milwaukee plant. System components include: -24 kWh, 24 kW Superior Lithium Polymer battery -System integration module (S&C) -Interconnection to customer side of distribution transformer. Source: "Energy Storage and Project Demos" Electric Power Energy Research (EPRI)

Lithium Polymer Battery 50 1:00.00 Charlotte, North Carolina, United States

Operational

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Marshall Steam Station Energy Storage Project

The purpose of the Marshall Energy Storage System is to utilize energy generated from an adjacent 1.0 MW solar PV system to perform diurnal peak shaving for the upstream distribution substation. System Components: -800 kWh, 250 kW Superior Lithium Polymer battery (Exergonix) -1.0 MVA Inverter/Storage Management System (S&C) -Interconnection to 12.47 kV medium voltage circuit -Located adjacent to a 1.0 MW solar facility Duke Energy's Smart Grid Demonstration activities include work in the Envision Energy pilot in Charlotte, North Carolina. The Envision Energy project consists of two substation scale energy storage installations, a 1 MW solar installation, two community energy storage locations, communication nodes, distribution devices, metering, home energy management systems, residential PV, intelligent EVSE and plug-in vehicles. The residential systems (PV, PEV, EVSE, CES, HEM, and smart appliances) will be installed at five employee homes. At its 2.1 GW Marshall coal-fired steam plant, Duke has deployed a 250 kW / 800 kWh super lithium polymer battery paired with a 1 MW solar PV array that went COD in April 2011. A key research goal of that project is to quantify efficiency impacts associated with storing the electricity for shorter or longer periods.

Lithium Polymer Battery 250 3:00.00 Marshall Steam Station, Sherrills Ford, North Carolina 28673, United States

Operational

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San Diego Zoo Solar-to-EV Project

As part of SDG&E's sustainable communities porgram, Kokam energy has installed a 100kW/100kWh Lithium Ion Battery Energy Storage system at the San Diego Zoo. The system is coupled with a 90kW solar system which generates electricity for 5 EV chargers and 59 homes. The energy storage system balances the solar power to provide smooth energy output.

Lithium Polymer Battery 100 1:00.00 2920 Zoo Drive, San Diego, California, United States

Operational

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Isle of Eigg Electrification Project

In 2008 Econnect Ventures partnered with the community on Isle of Eigg (population 87) to design and install a 100% renewable-powered micro-grid. The 2 million USD project included PV, hydro, and wind generating stations all linked to a remotely-monitored battery array designed by Wind & Sun LTD.

Lead Acid Battery 60 3:40.00 Isle of Eigg, Highland, Scottland PH42, United Kingdom

Operational

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PDE Smart Microgrid System

PDE's Electrical Training Institute Smart Microgrid demonstrates an existing electrical infrastructure integrated with advanced electronics, energy storage, solar, and controls, providing a platform for smarter and more reliable electrical systems. These technologies will enable adoption of the emerging smart grid, facilitate integration of electric vehicles to the grid, and support California's 2020 renewable portfolio standards requiring 33% of the state's electricity to be generated from renewable resources. The system will demonstrate 6 smart grid functions: 1. The ability to charge electric vehicles through multiple energy sources, including solar, battery energy storage system (BESS), or grid power. Benefits include reduced CO2 emissions, reduced demand on the grid and local electrical transmission and distribution system. 2. Utilizing the BESS to smooth solar production at the local level. 3. Respond to a demand response signal from the utility by injecting active power into the grid from stored energy and integrate with existing building management systems. 4. Provide a more reliable electrical system by maintaining uninterrupted power during power outages and utilizing solar to sustain the load during daylight hours. 5. Showcase state-of-the-art inverter technology capable of integrating 3 DC sources and varying voltages to improve efficiency and reliability of renewable sources of energy. 6. Participate in ancillary utility markets by providing or absorbing power.

Lithium Polymer Battery 90 0:20.00 6023 Garfield Ave., Commerce, California 90040, United States

Operational

SCE Irvine Smart Grid Demonstration: Containerized Distributed Storage Unit

Southern California Edison (SCE) and its partners will deploy advanced Smart Grid SG) technologies in an integrated system to be more reliable, secure, economic, efficient, safe, and environmentally friendly. The technology demonstrations will include three main areas: (1) Energy Smart Customer Devices such as smart appliances, home scale energy storage, and photovoltaic (PV) solar systems to achieve Zero Net Energy homes and Zero Grid Impact electric vehicle (EV) charging at work; (2) Year 2020 Distribution System including distribution automation with looped circuit topology, advanced voltage/VAR control, advanced distribution equipment, smart metering, utility-scale storage, and dispatched renewable distributed generation; and (3) a Secure Energy Network to demonstrate end-to-end management of a complex high performance telecommunication system linking the CAISO to SCE’s back office, field networks, and energy smart devices in the home. Other specific aspects of sub-projects include: distribution circuit constraint management, enhanced circuit efficiency and power quality, self-healing circuits, deep grid situational awareness, and end-to-end cyber security and interoperability. The demonstration will be conducted in Irvine, California and will include two 12kV distribution circuits fed by SCE’s MacArthur Substation, residential homes, and EV charging in a parking lot at the University of California, Irvine. Another part of the ISGD is the A123 System large distributed energy storage unit. The 2 MW, 0.5 MWh containerized lithium-ion energy storage unit will allow SCE to explore protection and control strategies on a distribution system with significant reverse power flow capability. Two distribution circuits capable of being operated either radially or as a single loop will help SCE engineers evaluate different strategies of circuit constraint

Lithium Ion Battery 2,000 0:15.00 Irvine, California 92612, United States

Operational

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SCE Irvine Smart Grid Demonstration: RESU

Southern California Edison (SCE) and its partners will deploy advanced Smart Grid (SG) technologies in an integrated system to be more reliable, secure, economic, efficient, safe, and environmentally friendly. The technology demonstrations will include three main areas: (1) Energy Smart Customer Devices such as smart appliances, home scale energy storage, and photovoltaic (PV) solar systems to achieve Zero Net Energy homes and Zero Grid Impact electric vehicle (EV) charging at work; (2) Year 2020 Distribution System including distribution automation with looped circuit topology, advanced voltage/VAR control, advanced distribution equipment, smart metering, utility-scale storage, and dispatched renewable distributed generation; and (3) a Secure Energy Network to demonstrate end-to-end management of a complex high performance telecommunication system linking the CAISO to SCE’s back office, field networks, and energy smart devices in the home. Other specific aspects of sub-projects include: distribution circuit constraint management, enhanced circuit efficiency and power quality, self-healing circuits, deep grid situational awareness, and end-to-end cyber security and interoperability. The demonstration will be conducted in Irvine, California and will include two 12kV distribution circuits fed by SCE’s MacArthur Substation, residential homes, and EV charging in a parking lot at the University of California, Irvine. Fourteen residential energy storage units (RESUs) have been installed as part of the Irvine Smart Grid Demonstration (ISGD). Each RESU contains a 4 kilowatt inverter and 10 kilowatt-hours of LG Chem Ltd. automotive-grade lithium-ion batteries, with a total capacity of 56 kW. The RESU provides backup to secure loads in the event of an outage, and couples up to 4 kW of photovoltaic solar panels with the battery. These systems combine a number of control mechanisms to allow valuation of various operating or control modes. The RESUs communicate with SCE SmartConnect Meters and a remote RESU Server to gather published prices, instantaneous demand, Demand Responses, and utility control information. Throughout the two-year demonstration project, the RESUs will be operated in six different operating modes to investigate their value on the customer’s energy usage and SCE’s distribution circuit. The RESUs were commissioned between September 23 and October 1, 2013.

Lithium Ion Battery 56 2:30.00 Irvine, California 92617, United States

Operational

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SCE Irvine Smart Grid Demonstration: CES

Southern California Edison (SCE) and its partners will deploy advanced Smart Grid (SG) technologies in an integrated system to be more reliable, secure, economic, efficient, safe, and environmentally friendly. The technology demonstrations will include three main areas: (1) Energy Smart Customer Devices such as smart appliances, home scale energy storage, and photovoltaic solar systems to achieve Zero Net Energy homes and Zero Grid Impact electric vehicle charging at work; (2) Year 2020 Distribution System including distribution automation with looped circuit topology, advanced voltage/VAR control, advanced distribution equipment, smart metering, utility-scale storage, and dispatched renewable distributed generation; and (3) a Secure Energy Network to demonstrate end-to-end management of a complex high performance telecommunication system linking the CAISO to SCE’s back office, field networks, and energy smart devices in the home. Other specific aspects of sub-projects include: distribution circuit constraint management, enhanced circuit efficiency and power quality, self-healing circuits, deep grid situational awareness, and end-to-end cyber security and interoperability. The demonstration will be conducted in Irvine, California and will include two 12kV distribution circuits fed by SCE’s MacArthur Substation, residential homes, and EV charging in a parking lot at the University of California, Irvine. A Community Energy Storage (CES) system manufactured by the S&C Electric Company was installed as part of the ISGD Project and fully commissioned by July 31, 2013. The CES includes a 25 kW power conversion system and a total of 50 kWh of Kokam lithium-ion batteries. The CES is controlled remotely using utility communication protocols to a Distributed Energy Manager server. It includes autonomous modes which allow it to actively adjust its real and/or reactive power to affect the local loading of the circuit. The CES is connected to a residential service transformer serving a block of customers, and is also capable of islanding the block of homes by disconnecting from the grid in the event of an outage.

Lithium Polymer Battery 25 2:00.00 Irvine, California 92617, United States

Operational

Clean Energy Storage: Steel Project

Residential combination small wind and solar

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 5 4:00.00 Seattle, Washington, United States

Under Construction

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Rice Solar Energy Project

The Rice Solar Energy Project is a 150 MW concentrating solar power facility project developed in Riverside County, California, the United States. Proposed by Rice Solar, a subsidiary of SolarReserve, the thermal power tower facility will be located on 1,410 acres (570 ha) of private land on the site of the former Rice Army Airfield, near the abandoned town of Rice, California. The project's innovative molten salt storage system will capture solar energy and deliver power to the grid even after the sun goes down. The facility is expected to power 68,000 homes, create up to 450 construction jobs, and generate more than $48 million in state and local tax revenue over the first 10 years of operation.

Molten Salt Storage 150,000 8:00.00 Rice, California, United States

Under Construction

Clean Energy Storage: Nagasawa

Residential combination small wind and solar

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 5 5:00.00 Everett, Washington, United States

Under Construction

Clean Energy Storage: Berkes

Residential combination solar

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 11 7:00.00 Brentwood, California, United States

Contracted

Clean Energy Storage: Golden Bridge Development

Residential combination solar

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 5 3:00.00 Oak Hills, California, United States

Contracted

Clean Energy Storage: Dibene

Residential combination solar

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 24 8:00.00 Corralitos, California, United States

Contracted

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Schooner America 2.0 Electric Populsion

Grid to battery for electric vessel propulsion within New York harbor. Unit is located aboard the vessel, so location is subject to change!

Lithium Ion Battery 250 2:30.00 Chelsea Pier, New York, New York 10011, United States

Operational

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KPC&L Green Impact Zone SmartGrid

Kansas City Power and Light (KCP&L) and its partners are demonstrating an end-to-end SmartGrid built around a major SmartSubstation with a local distributed control system based on IEC 61850 protocols and control processors—that includes advanced generation, distribution, and customer technologies. Co-located renewable energy sources, such as solar and other parallel generation, will be placed in the demonstration area and will feed into the energy grid. The demonstration area consists of ten circuits served by one substation across two square miles with 14,000 commercial and residential customers. Part of the demonstration area contains the Green Impact Zone, 150 inner-city blocks that suffers from high levels of unemployment, poverty, and crime. Efforts in the Green Impact Zone will focus on training residents to implement weatherization and energy efficiency programs to reduce utility bills, conserve energy, and create jobs. KCP&L’s SmartGrid program will provide area businesses and residents with enhanced reliability and efficiency through real-time information about electricity supply and demand. It will enable customers to manage their electricity use and save money. KCP&L is implementing a 1 MW / 1 MWh Li-ion battery system from Dow Kokam as part of this initiative. Goals/Objectives • Implement and demonstrate a next-generation, end-to-end SmartGrid • Demonstrate, measure, and report on the costs, benefits, and business model feasibility of the demonstrated technologies • Identify issues and gaps in technological standards Key Milestones • Midtown Substation commissioned (October 2011) • ADA circuits commissioned (June 2012) • Smart EndUse implementation (March 2013) • Integrated system test and demonstration (September 2013) PROJECT DURATION: 1/1/10–12/31/14 Source: "Energy Storage and Project Demos" Electric Power Energy Research (EPRI)

Lithium Polymer Battery 1,000 1:00.00 4724 Tracy Avenue, Kansas City, Missouri 64110, United States

Operational

Scripps Ranch Community Center BESS

The City of San Diego developed a renewable energy and storage system for the Scripps Ranch Community Center. Utilizing funds from the Department of Energy, Solar America Cities and California's Self-Generation Incentive Program, a 30 kW PV array and 100 kWh lithium ion battery was installed. Princeton Power provided an Energy Storage Solution (ESS), for emergency preparedness and access to electricity for residents, comprised of Princeton Power Systems GTIB-100 inverters, a solar array, advanced lithium-ion batteries, and a Princeton Power Sytems Site Controller.

Lithium Ion Battery 100 1:00.00 11454 Blue Cypress Dr, San Diego, California 92131, United States

Operational

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Giheung Samsung SDI Project

Samsung SDI installed 1MW/1MWh of Li-ion battery based energy storage system for industrial energy management with peak-shifting. The system is located at the Samsung SDI Headquarters in Yongin-Si, South Korea.

Lithium Ion Battery 1,000 1:00.00 428-5 Gongse-dong, Giheung-gu, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do, Korea, South

Operational

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Bosch Braderup ES Facility: Li-Ion Battery

From now on, one of Europe’s largest hybrid batteries will store the electricity generated at a community wind farm in the northern German municipality of Braderup and feed it back into the power grid as needed. Bosch and the community wind farm run by BWP Braderup-Tinningstedt GmbH & Co. KG together brought the stationary energy storage facility on stream on July 11, 2014. Bosch designed, built and operates the hybrid system, which has a total capacity of 3 megawatt hours (MWh). Comprising a 2 MWh lithium-ion storage unit and a 1 MWh vanadium redox flow battery, the energy storage plant operates with electronic controls and software specially developed by Bosch.

Lithium Ion Battery 2,000 1:00.00 Lundsackerweg 12, Braderup, Schleswig-Holstein 25923, Germany

Operational

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Kahuku Wind Farm

Xtreme Power installed a 15 MW fully integrated energy storage and power management system designed to provide load firming for a 30 MW wind farm in Hawaii, as well as provide critical grid integration services. The project was supported by a U.S. DOE Office of Electricity loan guarantee. A fire destroyed the battery warehouse in August 2012, and due to environmental and safety concerns, it has been replaced with a Dynamic Volt-Amp Reactive system. The wind farm is back at full capacity as of 2/13/14.

Advanced Lead Acid Battery 15,000 0:15.00 56-1101 Kamehameha Hwy, , Kahuku, Hawaii 96731, United States

Offline/Under Repair

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Santo Antão Solar Micro Grid

In February 2012, the project entered into service and became Cape Verde’s first rural micro grid with 100% renewable energy generation. This project was carried out within the framework of the “Energy Facility” ACP-EU program. Permanent electricity access had been strongly requested by the local stakeholders and community of the village to cover basic energy needs such as lighting, communication, community services and ice production for fish conservation. Within the same framework, the system has been implemented in February 2014 up to 39 kWp installed. The objective of the project was the electrification of the village of Monte Trigo (600 people) in Santo Antão Island, with a Multiuser Solar micro-Grid (MSG). The project was implemented in 2011, and is currently in the post commissioning follow-up period. A key aspect of the project has been to ensure the long-term sustainability of the electricity service. In addition to the description of the plant and the operation and management scheme, this article underlines the importance of the Energy Daily Allowance (EDA) concept from social, technical and economic perspectives. In conclusion the article intends to highlight the validity of both the technical solution and management model.

Lead Acid Battery 28 15:25.00 Monte Trigo, Santo Antão, Cape Verde

Operational

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Bosch Braderup ES Facility: Flow Battery

From now on, one of Europe’s largest hybrid batteries will store the electricity generated at a community wind farm in the northern German municipality of Braderup and feed it back into the power grid as needed. Bosch and the community wind farm run by BWP Braderup-Tinningstedt GmbH & Co. KG together brought the stationary energy storage facility on stream on July 11, 2014. Bosch designed, built and operates the hybrid system, which has a total capacity of 3 megawatt hours (MWh). Comprising a 2 MWh lithium-ion storage unit and a 1 MWh vanadium redox flow battery, the energy storage plant operates with electronic controls and software specially developed by Bosch.

Vanadium Redox Flow Battery 325 3:05.00 Lundsackerweg 12, Braderup, Schleswig-Holstein 25923, Germany

Under Construction

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Kaxu Solar One

KaXu Solar One is a 100MW parabolic trough plant near Pofadder in Northern Cape. The power station will have a storage capacity of three hours and use molten salt to store heat energy. In the parabolic trough system, the sun's energy is concentrated by parabolically curved, trough-shaped reflectors onto a receiver pipe running along the focal line of the curved surface. This energy heats oil flowing through the pipe, and the heat energy is then used to convert water to steam and generate electricity in a conventional steam generator.

Molten Salt Storage 100,000 3:00.00 Pofadder, Northern Cape, South Africa

Under Construction

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MID Primus Power Wind Firming EnergyFarm

Primus Power is developing and deploying a 28 MW/112 MWh EnergyFarm energy storage system in the Modesto Irrigation District in California’s Central Valley. The system would replace the potential future installation of a $78M / 50 MW fossil fuel plant and is intended to provide flexible capacity for the region and compensate for the variable nature of wind and solar energy. The technology lends itself to a robust product design with exceptionally low installed cost of power and energy. It is further differentiated by it's 2-10x smaller footprint, high degree of safety, and the investment advantages of a mobile and modular distributed system which is pollution free and silent.

Zinc Bromide Redox Flow Battery 28,000 4:00.00 Modesto, California, United States

Announced

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DOD Marine Corps Air Station Miramar Microgrid Energy Storage System

Primus Power, a leader in multi-megawatt, multi-hour, grid-scale electrical energy storage, was awarded a contract by Raytheon’s Integrated Defense Systems (IDS) business to deliver and support an electrical energy storage system for a microgrid at the Marine Corps Air Station (MCAS) in Miramar, California. Primus will work closely with Raytheon as part of the "Zinc Bromide Flow Battery Installation for Islanding and Backup Power" project funded by the Department of Defense Environmental Security Technology Certification Program (ESCTP). At MCAS Miramar a Primus Power 250 kW - 1 MWh Primus EnergyPodTM will be integrated with an existing 230 kW photovoltaic system. The combined microgrid system will demonstrate several capabilities including reducing peak electrical demand typically experienced in weekday afternoons and providing power to critical military systems when grid power is not available. The DoD is adopting microgrids at stationary bases to sustain operations independent of what is happening on the larger utility grid. Primus Power’s energy storage systems can shift, shape and firm electricity.

Zinc Bromide Redox Flow Battery 250 4:00.00 MCAS Miramar, San Diego, California, United States

Under Construction

PSE Storage Innovation Project 1

Substation-sited storage to defer T&D capacity, increase reliability, and add system flexibility

Zinc Bromide Redox Flow Battery 500 2:00.00 10885 NE 4th St., Bellevue, Washington 98004, United States

Under Construction

MID Primus Power Wind Energy Storage Demonstration - Renewables Firming

Primus Power is deploying a 250 kW / 1 MWh Zinc Bromide Redox Flow Battery for a renewable integration project with the Modesto Irrigation District.

Zinc Bromide Redox Flow Battery 250 4:00.00 Modesto, California, United States

Under Construction

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Iron Edison - 700Ah 24V Nickel Iron PWP

This 700Ah 24V Nickel Iron battery is powered by 2.8kW of solar panels. This system utilizes the Apollo Solar Pre-wired Panel (PWP) with a 3200 Watt pure sine wave inverter, and dual 80 amp MPPT charge controllers.

Nickel Iron (NiFe) Battery 17 10:00.00 Montezuma Canyon, Utah, United States

Operational

Dogo Island Flywheels

In August 2003, Fuji Electric installed a 200 kW Urenco Power Technology Flywheel adjacent to 1.8 MW of wind turbines. The flywheel helped reduce the fluctuations on the system and allowed the diesel engines, which were stabilizing the turbines, to operate at higher efficiency, thereby reducing the use of diesel fuel. In June 2004, Urenco abandoned the flywheel for power quality market and removed all previously installed flywheels. Read the DOE/EPRI 2004 report on ES for Grid Connected Wind Generation Applications: http://www.sandia.gov/ess/publications/EPRI-DOE%20ESHB%20Wind%20Supplement.pdf

Flywheel 200 n/a Dogo, Shimane, Japan

De-Commissioned

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EPCC Thermal Storage: Transmountain

As the fastest growing community college in Texas, El Paso Community College (EPCC) needed to meet the needs of an increasing student population and the third highest electric utility rates in the nation. The college turned to energy-efficient solutions including 89 energy storage tanks at 3 different campus locations. The Transmountain Campus has 15 units.

Ice Thermal Storage 225 8:00.00 9570 Gateway Boulevard Noth, El Paso, Texas, United States

Operational

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EPCC Thermal Storage: Rio Grande

As the fastest growing community college in Texas, El Paso Community College (EPCC) needed to meet the needs of an increasing student population and the third highest electric utility rates in the nation. The college turned to energy-efficient solutions including 89 energy storage tanks which they installed at 3 different campus locations. The Rio Grande Campus has 12 thermal storage units.

Ice Thermal Storage 180 8:00.00 100 West Rio Grande Street, El Paso, Texas, United States

Operational

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Lake Elsinore Advanced Pumped Storage

The Lake Elsinore Advanced Pumped Storage (LEAPS) project is a 500 MW generation/600 MW load advanced pumped storage facility. The LEAPS project was licensed by Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) in Docket P–11858, and is now under limited additional review in FERC Docket P–14227. Read an update from Feb 2014: http://goo.gl/rdhHRy

Closed Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 500,000 12:00.00 Lake Elsinore, California, United States

Announced

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Apex Bethel Energy Center

317 MW compressed air energy storage factility

In-ground Compressed Air Storage 317,000 105:00.00 Tennessee Colony, Texas, United States

Announced

Anchorage Area Battery Energy Storage System

This project includes the installation of a 25 MW / 14 MWh Battery Energy Storage System (BESS) in the Anchorage area. This device will add stability to the system and provide a measure of “spin” to facilitate spooling-up alternative generation in the event of an outage. The BESS is part of Alaska Railbelt Cooperative Transmission and Electric Company's (ARCTEC) Unconstrain Bradley Lake Hydroelectric Project. The project aims to improve the transmission system between Anchorage and Kenai.

Lithium Ion Battery 25,000 0:34.00 TBD, Anchorage, Alaska 99501, United States

Announced

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Alcatraz Island Microgrid

The US National Park Service, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, US Department of Energy and Princeton Power Systems collaborated to install a commercial scale Microgrid System on Alcatraz Island as a solution to high diesel fuel costs, pollution in the bay area, and high carbon emissions. When a ship’s anchor ruptured the underwater power lines in 1950, that linked the island to San Francisco, Alcatraz was forced to turn to diesel fuel and coal as its source of power. This has led to power costs of $0.76/kWh. Microgrid Design: This project reflects the National Park Service’s initiative to find an alternative way of powering the island in order to reduce fuel costs and pollution. A microgrid system, comprised of PPS inverters, a solar array, advanced lead-acid batteries, a PPS Site Controller, and back-up generators, was selected as a way to independently power the island. Designing and building the system on one of California’s and the U.S.’s most well-known historic landmarks with over 1 million visitors per year, created many challenges. Component Placement: Preserving the island in pristine condition while completing the installation was the greatest challenge. Given that a system of this size requires a large construction effort, component placement was key. To prevent the solar array from being visible from San Francisco, it was placed on the roof of the prison in a flat configuration rather than a traditional angled configuration. The inverters, battery rack, and generators were placed in the old generator room, as this space is isolated and not accessible for tourists. The room was also protected from the harsh salt water envrionment. Commissioning: The fragile natural environment and wildlife, particularly the birds (Alcatraz is an old Spanish word for pelican), added to the challenge. Extra attention was given to the solar panels after being damaged by rocks and shells dropped from overhead birds. Despite the coarse condition of the generator room, engineers were able to insulate the room to prevent future problems and ensure reliable long-term operation.

Advanced Lead Acid Battery 400 4:45.00 Alcatraz Island, San Francisco, California, United States

Operational

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GS Yuasa Gunma Solar Plant

GS Yuasa Corporation will build a one-megawatt solar-power station with a 100 kWh energy storage system and a rapid charger for electric vehicles in Gunma prefecture northwest of Tokyo. Construction is set to begin in July with operations expected to begin in January 2015.

Lithium Ion Battery 100 1:00.00 671, Sakaikamiyajima, Isesaki City, Gunma Prefecture, Japan

Under Construction

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Con Edison/Eos Energy Storage Distributed Energy Storage Pilot

Eos Energy Storage and Con Edison, a subsidiary of Consolidated Edison, Inc. announced a trailblazing partnership to install and test Eos’s cutting-edge energy storage technology within the utility’s New York City facilities. Eos is currently commercializing a safe, low cost, and long-lasting grid-scale battery technology that can reduce customer costs, defer utility infrastructure upgrades and enhance power quality and reliability. Supported by funding from the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA), the pilot will demonstrate the benefits of distributed energy storage. Eos stated that the pilot, targeted to begin in early 2014, is a milestone in the scale-up and commercialization of Eos’s core product, a 1MW/6MWh grid-scale battery called the Eos Aurora. The Aurora is backed by Eos’s novel, low-cost and proprietary zinc hybrid cathode technology, which has a 75% round-trip efficiency rate and a 10,000-cycle/30-year lifetime. The unit is currently undergoing field testing at the BEST Test and Commercialization Center: http://goo.gl/vkD9Ia

Zinc Hybrid Cathode Battery 1,000 6:00.00 New York, New York, United States

Announced

Kodiak ABB PowerStore Flywheels for Microgrid Stability and Harbor Crane Operation

ABB announced it has received an order to deliver two PowerStore units as part of a microgrids solution to stabilize the power grid and increase renewable energy on Kodiak Island in Alaska. ABB’s Microgrids Business in Raleigh, NC, worked closely with Kodiak Electric Association (KEA) to develop and deliver the microgrid solution. KEA, a rural electric cooperative which generates and distributes electrical power in Kodiak, Alaska, uses hydro, wind, battery energy storage, and diesel generation sets to produce power for the island. The ABB PowerStore units will provide voltage and frequency support for a new crane to be installed at Kodiak Island’s port facility. They can also extend the life of the battery systems by up to 6 years, and provide renewables integration by helping to manage the intermittencies from a 9 MW wind farm on the island. Longer battery life will improve sustainability of KEA’s power system.

Flywheel 2,000 0:00.20 515 East Marine Way, Kodiak, Alaska 99615, United States

Contracted

Hydrogenics Power-to-Gas

Hydrogenics announced that it has been selected as a Preferred Respondent by the Independent Electricity System Operator (IESO) for Ontario in its procurement for Grid Energy Storage. This Power-to-Gas project will deliver 2MW of storage capacity and be located in the Greater Toronto Area. Hydrogenics will supply the facility's next-generation PEM electrolyzers and is partnering with Enbridge Inc. to develop, build and operate the energy storage facility to provide regulation services to the IESO under contract.

Hydrogen Energy Storage 2,000 n/a Greater Toronto Area, Ontario, Canada

Contracted

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Leinster Nickel Operation PowerStore Flywheel

BHP Billiton’s Leinster nickel mine in Western Australia is the third-largest producer of nickel concentrate in the world. Ore is extracted from 1,000 meters underground with a large, electrically driven winder, which at 8.5 megawatts (MW) of demand shift over 120 seconds is a large cyclic load, given the unit’s average power consumption is just 2 MW. To upgrade the winder’s power supply, BHP installed a 1 MW PowerStore system, which reduced the total demand shift to 6.5 MW while adding 1 MW of spinning reserve to the system. Its flywheel-based energy storage system provides peak lopping and overcomes transient and cyclic loads on grid connected or isolated systems. The mine was able to increase winder production without affecting power system reliability. Fully automated, PowerStore gets power to the winder when it’s needed most, and provides high resolution data of winder performance and local electrical grid disturbances. The PowerStore is a compact and versatile flywheel-based grid stabilizing generator. Its main purpose is to stabilize power systems against fluctuations in frequency and voltage. It includes state-of-the-art inverters and virtual generator control software. It enables the integration of intermittent and often erratic renewable generation and the higher utilization of renewable energy generators, protecting remote communities from exposure to volatile oil prices. PowerStore safeguards conventional microgrids, and ensures the safe integration of large amounts of wind and solar energy, reducing emissions and dependency on fossil fuels. High-speed software controls the power flow into and out of the flywheel, essentially making it a high inertia electrical shock absorber that can instantly smooth out power fluctuations generated by wind turbines or solar arrays. PowerStore acts like a STATCOM (advanced grid technology that quickly stabilizes voltage and improves power quality) and in addition is capable of rapidly absorbing or injecting real power within an isolated power network. It can stabilize both voltage and frequency, hold 18 MWs (megawatt seconds) of energy and shift from full absorption to full injection in 1 millisecond to stabilize the grid.

Flywheel 1,000 0:00.60 Leinster, Western Australia, Australia

De-Commissioned

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UC San Diego Panasonic / Sanyo Energy System

Since July 2011, UCSD has served as the site host to a 30 kW/30 kWh PV integrated storage system from Panasonic/Sanyo.

Lithium Ion Battery 30 1:00.00 9500 Gilman Dr, La Jolla, California 92093, United States

Operational

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SDG&E Borrego Springs Unit 1, Microgrid Project

The San Diego Gas and Electric (SDG&E) microgrid project integrates a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) component - focused on utility-side applications, and a California Energy Commission (CEC) portion , which focuses on customer-side applications. Goals of the DOE portion include achieving a greater than 15 percent reduction in feeder peak load, exploring microgrid islanding, and improving system reliability. Borrego Substation, with a peak load of over 10 MW, was selected as the demonstration site since it provides a unique opportunity to explore microgrid islanding of an entire distribution feeder. The overall project involves integration of five technologies, including distributed energy resources (DER) and VAR management, feeder automation system technologies (FAST), advanced energy storage, an outage/distribution management system, and price-driven load management. The project team will also perform a cost/benefit analysis for full-scale deployment. As a part of this project, SDG&E installed a 1.5 MWh Li-ion battery energy storage system at the Borrego Springs Substation in June of 2012. Since commissioning the system has successfully operated independent of the grid during storm outages.

Lithium Nickel Cobalt Aluminum Battery 500 3:00.00 Borrego Valley Substation, Borrego Springs, California, United States

Operational

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SDG&E Borrego Springs Microgrid Demonstration Project: Home Energy Storage

The San Diego Gas and Electric (SDG&E) microgrid project integrates a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) component - focused on utility-side applications, and a California Energy Commission (CEC)portion , which focuses on customer-side applications. Goals of the DOE portion include achieving a greater than 15 percent reduction in feeder peak load, exploring microgrid islanding, and improving system reliability. Borrego Substation, with a peak load of over 10 MW, was selected as the demonstration site since it provides a unique opportunity to explore microgrid islanding of an entire distribution feeder. The project involves integration of five technologies, including distributed energy resources (DER) and VAR management, feeder automation system technologies (FAST), advanced energy storage, an outage/distribution management system, and price-driven load management. The project team will also perform a cost/benefit analysis for full-scale deployment. As a part of this project, SDG&E is planning to install up to six 4.5 kW/6.6 kWh Li-ion batteries at multiple residences and/or small commercial with charge/discharge commands sent via cloud based networking.

Lithium Ion Battery 27 1:28.00 Borrego Springs, California, United States

Contracted

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SDG&E Borrego Springs Microgrid Demonstration Project: Community Energy Storage

The San Diego Gas and Electric (SDG&E) microgrid project integrates a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) component - focused on utility-side applications, and a California Energy Commission (CEC) portion , which focuses on customer-side applications. Goals of the DOE portion include achieving a greater than 15 percent reduction in feeder peak load, exploring microgrid islanding, and improving system reliability. Borrego Substation, with a peak load of over 10 MW, was selected as the demonstration site since it provides a unique opportunity to explore microgrid islanding of an entire distribution feeder. The project involves integration of five technologies, including distributed energy resources (DER) and VAR management, feeder automation system technologies (FAST), advanced energy storage, an outage/distribution management system, and price-driven load management. The project team will also perform a cost/benefit analysis for full-scale deployment. SDG&E has installed two 25 kW/50 kWh Li-ion batteries and one 25 kW/25 kWh Li-ion battery on Circuit 170 at 12 kV. These units are operated independently and as a fleet.

Lithium Polymer Battery 75 2:00.00 Borrego Springs, California, United States

Operational

Amber Kinetics Flywheel Energy Storage Demonstration

Amber Kinetics is developing a flywheel system from sub-scale research prototype to full-scale mechanical flywheel battery and will conduct both a commercial-scale and a utility-scale demonstration. The goal is to deliver a cost-effective prototype flywheel system that can be grid connected and electrically charged and discharged. The system will have built-in sensing components that can determine frequency and voltage characteristics of the grid and can override the grid signal to manage the amount of electricity discharged. The flywheel stores energy in a spinning rotor that is connected to an electric motor that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. To recover the energy the motor is electrically reversed and used as a generator to slow down the flywheel converting the mechanical energy back into electrical energy. Amber Kinetics will improve the traditional flywheel system by engineering breakthroughs in three areas, resulting in higher efficiency and radically reduced cost: magnetic bearings, low-cost rotor, and high-efficiency motor generator. This technology can also be used to optimize existing infrastructure. The 48-month project contains 3 phases. Phase 1: engineering of a 10kW/10kWh prototype system, includes demonstration of flywheel system, rotor performance, and demonstration of low-loss bearings and motor (Completed) Phase 2: commercial-scale prototype development, includes 100 kWh flywheel energy storage systems, with focus on scale up and cost reductions Phase 3: grid-connected demonstration, includes MWh size grid-connected demonstration of system performance and cycle life. Interim report available at: http://www.smartgrid.gov/sites/default/files/pdfs/tpr_final_phase1_amber_kinetics.pdf

Flywheel 10 1:00.00 Fremont, California, United States

Contracted

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University of Hawaii Smart Grid Regional and Energy Storage Demonstration Project (Maui Smart Grid)

The overarching project objective is to develop and demonstrate a Distribution Management System (DMS) that aggregates distributed generation (DG), energy storage, and demand response technologies in a distribution system to achieve both distribution and transmission level benefits. Ideally, the application of these technologies would increase system reliability and improve power quality along with reducing costs to both the utility and its customers. An advanced energy storage system will be installed at the Maui Electric Company substation in Wailea as part of the Maui Smart Grid Project. The Grid Storage Solution is being provided by A123 Systems (NEC Energy Solutions), a developer and manufacturer of advanced lithium ion batteries and systems. It is designed to deliver one megawatt of power for a full hour, reducing the peak energy load on the substation’s transformers.

Lithium Ion Battery 1,000 1:00.00 Kalai Wae Street, Wailea, Hawaii 96753, United States

Operational

Waiawa High PV Penetration Circuit

Altair Nanotechnologies Inc. was awarded a firm contract with the Hawai'i Natural Energy Institute (HNEI) of the University of Hawai'i at Manoa to supply a 1-MW ALTI-ESS energy storage system for a test of solar energy integration. The contract requires Altairnano to build, ship, install and commission its ALTI-ESS advanced energy storage system, and provide technical support and system monitoring and reporting over a period of three years. The research project, funded through a grant from the Office of Naval Research, is designed to test the performance characteristics of the battery system and to demonstrate the effectiveness of battery storage technology to enable integration of solar energy into an electric grid. The test is expected to demonstrate solutions for integration of greater levels of renewable energy onto the grid, improving capacity utilization, and reducing dependency on fossil-fuel power generation while maintaining grid performance and reliability. Hawaiian Electric Company plans to install the energy storage system at one of its utility sites on the island of Oahu in early 2014. HECO's grid is experiencing a rapid increase in residential and commercial solar installations. Source: "Energy Storage and Project Demos" Electric Power Energy Research (EPRI) http://disgen.epri.com/

Lithium Ion Titanate Battery 1,000 1:00.00 Oahu, Hawaii, United States

Operational

Xina Solar One Power Plant

Abengoa has been selected by the Department of Energy (DOE) of South Africa to develop Xina Solar One, a 100 MW parabolic trough plant with a five-hour thermal energy storage system using molten salts. This project will form the largest solar complex in Africa together with Abengoa’s plant KaXu Solar One that is currently under construction in the country. Xina Solar One was awarded to Abengoa in the third round of renewable energy projects organized by the Department of Energy of South Africa.

Molten Salt Storage 100,000 5:00.00 Pofadder, Northern Cape, South Africa

Under Construction

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CODA Energy: AQMD 13035 - BESS 3

A networked collection of (34) 31kWh new Lithium Iron Phosphate vehicle battery systems in groups of 2 each that are interconnected to the grid via (17) 30kW inverters. System to provide building demand reduction, peak shaving, time of use load shifting and ancillary services.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 510 2:00.00 135 E. Maple Avenue, Monrovia, California 91016, United States

Operational

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Powertree Services San Francisco One

Comprised of 68 initial distinct locations in multi-unit residential properties the Powertree San Francisco One project aggregates to a total of 3.26 MW of power and 3.5 MM of energy along with 2.5 MW of controllable EV charging. Powertree's patented and patent pending architecture enables multiple streams of benefit to participating parties in a given installation: - Grid Services are enabled via aggregated dispatchability of power for regulation services at 4 second intervals - Electrical vehicle charging is provided to serve 100% of currently shipping vehicle models at up to 18 KW per vehicle - Vehicle Grid Integration capability in place to allow both V1g (smart controlled charging from grid side) and V2G (bi-directional energy flow) - On site solar generation is used to provide solar energy credit to local tenants or to act as back up generation in the case of grid outage - System can operate and maintain functionality during extended grid outages servicing vehicles and building concurrently - Convenient and accessible high rate of charge EV charging for San Francisco area EV drivers. Powertree is planning 2500 locations in California.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 3,264 1:05.00 Various, San Francisco, California, United States

Operational

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Beacon Power 20 MW Flywheel Frequency Regulation Plant (Hazle Township, PA)

This 20 MW plant is comprised of 200 Beacon Power Series 400 flywheels that provide frequency regulation services to grid operator PJM Interconnection. Beacon flywheels recycle energy from the grid in response to changes in demand and grid frequency. When generated power exceeds load, the flywheels store the excess energy. When load increases, the flywheels return the energy to the grid. The flywheel systems can respond nearly instantaneously to the ISO control signal at a rate that is 100 times faster than traditional generation resources. The plant can operate at 100% depth of discharge with no performance degradation over a 20-year lifetime, and can do so for more than 100,000 full charge/discharge cycles. The flywheels are rated at 0.1 MW and 0.025 MWh, for a plant total of 20.0 MW and 5.0 MWh of frequency response.

Flywheel 20,000 0:15.00 Hazle Township, Pennsylvania, United States

Operational

Beacon Smart Energy Matrix FESS, San Ramon

Beacon's flywheel energy storage system (FESS) was located at Pacific Gas and Electric’s San Ramon research center. It employed seven 6-kilowatt-hour flywheels, each the size of a small refrigerator, ganged together to form a system that could absorb or discharge 100 kilowatts of power for 15 minutes.

Flywheel 100 0:15.00 San Ramon, California, United States

De-Commissioned

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Beacon Power 20 MW Flywheel Frequency Regulation Plant (Stephentown, NY)

This 20 MW plant comprises 200 Beacon Power Series 400 flywheels that provide frequency regulation services to grid operator NYISO. Beacon flywheels recycle energy from the grid in response to changes in demand and grid frequency. When generated power exceeds load, the flywheels store the excess energy. When load increases, the flywheels return the energy to the grid. The flywheel systems can respond nearly instantaneously to the ISO control signal at a rate that is 100 times faster than traditional generation resources. The plant can operate at 100% depth of discharge with no performance degradation over a 20-year lifetime, and can do so for more than 100,000 full charge/discharge cycles. The flywheels are rated at 0.1 MW and 0.025 MWh, for a plant total of 20.0 MW and 5.0 MWh of frequency response.

Flywheel 20,000 0:15.00 Stephentown, New York, United States

Operational

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Sandia National Solar Thermal Test Facility Molten Salt Loop

Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-program U.S. laboratory with main facilities in Albuquerque, New Mexico, and Livermore, California. Sandia has major R&D responsibilities in energy and environmental technologies and economic competitiveness, and is host to the National Solar Thermal Test Facility, where a Molten Salt Test Loop (MSTL) was recently commissioned. Designed and built to exacting specifications, Sandia’s MSTL system provides a means to perform accelerated lifetime testing on power plant-size components, reducing start-up risks for newly constructed generation facilities. No other test facility in the world is capable of supporting such extensive, large-scale research.

Molten Salt Storage 1,400 n/a MS 1127, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185, United States

Operational

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Pillar Mountain Wind Project

Xtreme will install a 3MW Advanced Lead Acid energy storage system on the Kodiak Island grid to respond to grid voltage and frequency fluctuations from local wind generation. The energy storage will act as a "bridge" between the wind and hydro resources, allowing KEA (http://www.kodiakelectric.com) to increase reliable wind generation from 4.5 MW to 9MW. The Control System's architecture is designed such that the utility can add the service known as Ramp Control later in time if need be.

Advanced Lead Acid Battery 3,000 0:15.00 Kodiak, Alaska, United States

Operational

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Kaheawa I Wind Project

Xtreme Power installed a 1.5MW Dynamic Power Resource (DPR) as a demonstration project to perform Ramp Control for 3MW of the 30MW Kaheawa Wind Farm in Hawaii. The project uses Xtreme's patented Dynamic Power Resource energy storage and power management system.

Advanced Lead Acid Battery 1,500 0:15.00 Maui, Hawaii, United States

Operational

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Kaheawa Wind Power Project II

On the island of Maui, a 10-MW/45 minute Xtreme Power DPR is being integrated with the 21-MW Kaheawa Wind Power II project, built by First Wind, to provide utility-scale power storage and management. The DPR is intended to address the issue of curtailment as renewable energy penetration rates increase on Maui; in addition, it will provide ramp control, responsive reserves, frequency regulation, and automatic generation control (AGC) for the Maui Electric Co. (MECO).

Advanced Lead Acid Battery 10,000 0:45.00 Maalaea, Hawaii, United States

Operational

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Xcel SolarTAC S2B Test

The Solar-to-Battery (S2B) project is designed to collect operational data on the integration of energy storage and solar energy systems at the Solar Technology Acceleration Center (SolarTAC). The DPR will perform Ramp Control, Frequency Response, Voltage Support, and Firming/Shaping along with other valuable services for solar energy.

Advanced Lead Acid Battery 1,500 0:40.00 2600-2790 Hudson Mile Rd, Watkins, Colorado 80137, United States

Operational

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KIUC Xtreme Power DPR

The Kaua’i Island Utility Cooperative (KIUC) Xtreme Dynamic Power Resource is designed to mitigate the variability of a 3 MW solar PV project for KIUC, as well as provide critical grid support services for the island grid. The DPR will provide responsive reserves to the island utility and correct any frequency and voltage deviations.

Advanced Lead Acid Battery 1,500 0:15.00 Koloa Substation, Koloa, Hawaii, United States

Operational

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Airlight Energy Ait Baha Plant

Airlight Energy has recently completed construction of the Ait Baha CSP plant in Agadir, Morocco. Estimated to produce 2,390 MWh/yr, the plant is owned by Italgen Maroc. The plant is designed to recover waste heat from the cement factory and provide additional heat at higher temperature to the existing 12MW ORC Generator. It uses a pebble stone storage system.

Heat Thermal Storage 650 9:00.00 Ait Baha, Agadir, Morocco

Under Construction

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SkyGrid Energy

Off-grid 100kW wind powered commercial scale water pumping system utilizing a grid forming 100kW 4-quadrant 3-phase inverter, 100kW lithium titanate battery bank, variable frequency drive and PCL based supervisory controls to operate a 50hp submersible pump. This completely off-grid system is capable of producing over 30 million gallons of water per year. Can also utilize solar as a source of renewable energy.

Lithium Ion Titanate Battery 100 0:15.00 Pratt & Lokahi Road, North Kohala, Hawaii 96753, United States

Operational

SOPRA Zero Watt project

Alfen recently developed the Sustainable Off-grid Power Station for Rural Applications (SOPRA) system which provides for autonomous energy grids at locations where this was not previously feasible. The basic solution comprises a number of transformers, a battery pack and an advanced regulating system for the batteries, which is very mobile. The solution can therefore be used anywhere in the world. The system pays for itself within only a few years, as it replaces the expenditure on conventional energy sources such as oil and candles. Thanks to these savings in fuel costs, a SOPRA system is the ideal solution for even the poorest of countries. The use of Lithium-ion batteries makes the SOPRA concept 10 times as compact as existing systems, so that the storage technology for approximately 10,000 users fits in a single 20 foot container. The choice for this type of battery also gives the system a long working life, while the batteries can be simply recycled. The system works using solar energy, wind energy or water energy, but also with conventional energy sources as backup. The great advantage is that the sustainably generated energy is stored in the battery pack, rather than being lost. Due to various management and communication systems being integrated in the SOPRA concept, users can pay in a number of ways, consumption can be regulated and the system can be remote controlled. Alfen supplies the SOPRA concept on a turnkey basis, including the sustainable energy generation, the energy storage, the distribution network, the management and service and maintenance.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 60 0:50.00 Hague, Zuid Holland, Netherlands

Operational

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PREPA BESS 1

In response to Puerto Rico's unstable electric grid, PREPA procured a 21 MW/ 14 MWh BESS in 1994. When operational, this was the largest battery of its kind in the world. It operated successfully until 1999 when it was de-commissioned. Read the Sandia Labs project report here: http://goo.gl/9YI8t6

Lead Acid Battery 21,000 0:40.00 Sabana Llana, San Juan, Puerto Rico, United States

De-Commissioned

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EnerDel Mobile Hybrid Power System

The EnerDel MHPS delivers significant fuel savings over generator supplied loads in this U.S. Army Engineer Research & Development Center(ERDC), Construction Engineering Research Laboratory(CERL) project. The MHPS uses an onboard battery energy storage system (BESS) as the normal source to the load. It more quickly and efficiently adjusts to load fluctuations than traditional engine driven generators. The BESS reduces generator size and runtime, dramatically reduces fuel consumption and fueling operations, and, extends system maintenance intervals. The MHPS can be configured to connect renewable energy inputs to further extend Silent Watch Mode and provide even greater reductions in fuel consumption. When connected to renewable energy sources (optional), the MHPS store excess energy and then makes it available on demand as conditions warrant.

Lithium Ion Battery 15 5:20.00 2902 Newmark Drive, Champaign, Illinois 61822-1076, United States

Operational

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Fotonenboer 't Spieker Dairy Farm

A dairy farm with robotic milkers needs electricity virtually all day long. This energy comes from the sun, from solar panels on the roof. The energy is stored in a CellCube FB 10-100 vanadium redox flow storage system which is the size of a small sea container. The photon farmer in Vierakker is a joint project developed by Courage, InnovatieNetzwerk, which was set up by the Dutch Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and food quality LNV. Further participants are Alliander, Trinergie and the province of Gelderland.

Vanadium Redox Flow Battery 10 8:00.00 Heerlerweg 1, Vierakker, Gelderland 7233 SG, Netherlands

Operational

SDG&E-Greensmith Li-ion Energy Storage System Demonstration

As part of an EPRI collaborative research and development (R&D) project to evaluate the performance and reliability of a variety of grid-connected Li-ion battery technologies, San Diego Gas & Electric (SDG&E) installed a 50 kW / 82 kWh Greensmith lithium-iron-phosphate distributed energy storage system (DESS) at the utility’s test facility. For this overarching collaborative demonstration, EPRI’s Energy Storage Program (P94) and Distributed Renewables Program (P174) are working in partnership with select utility members to investigate PV-battery integration capabilities. Serving as a “host” utility to EPRI’s supplemental demonstration initiative, SDG&E installed a Greensmith DESS in a grid-connected configuration in June 2011 and has been conducting operating evaluations of the unit over the past 6 months. Testing and operating evaluation conducted by SDG&E encompasses exercising the DESS’s various modes of operation, which include: - Constant power charge/discharge schedule; - Peak shaving; and - PV smoothing.

Lithium Ion Battery 50 1:40.00 San Diego, California, United States

Operational

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Brooklyn Army Terminal Smart Grid Demonstration Project

NYCEDC's Brooklyn Army Terminal Smart Grid Demonstration Project, a partnership with Con Edison through the Dept. of Energy, integrates battery storage, solar PV, and building management systems. The system demonstrates the benefits of on-site renewable energy generation coupled with energy storage systems to reduce peak energy demands and offset energy costs. http://www.nycedc.com/industry/clean-technology-energy

Valve Regulated Lead Acid Battery (VRLA) 100 4:00.00 140 58th S, Brooklyn, New York 11220, United States

Operational

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Ausgrid SGSC - ZEN 60kW BESS

NSW network operator Ausgrid tested a 60kW battery storage system in the Sydney suburb of Newington to see how it can help manage summer peak demand events. Ausgrid's Smart Grid, Smart City (SGSC) was a $100 million Australian government funded project, led by Ausgrid and supported by our consortium partners.

Lithium Ion Battery 60 2:00.00 Newington, New South Wales 2127, Australia

De-Commissioned

EPSRC Grid Connected Energy Storage Research Demonstrator with WPD and Toshiba

This Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) funded project will investigate the efficacy of energy storage to act upon an electrical network and supply power and energy back into the grid at appropriate times. The effort is part of the Grid Connected Energy Storage Research Demonstrator project, led by the University of Sheffield. In September 2014 a main 2 MW (1 MWh) Lithium-Titanate SCiB system will be supplied by Toshiba and ABB, with a further 250kW system investigating the use of repurposed second life EV batteries. Western Power Distribution (WPD) is providing the point of network connection and a short term lease at their 11 kV Willenhall substation, but UK regulations prohibit distribution network operators from generating electricity or trading in energy markets. So while the project will be owned and operated by EPSRC, both partners will closely monitor the "effects on the network of this influx of energy storage, paying particular attention to the power requirement, diversity of connection and power quality experienced, to draw together a standard arrangement and assessment method for connecting more units in the future."

Lithium Ion Titanate Battery 2,000 0:30.00 Willenhall Substation, Wolverhampton, West Midlands WV13 2NS, United Kingdom

Contracted

SCE Irvine Smart Grid Demonstration: Solar Car Charging Station

Southern California Edison (SCE) and its partners will deploy advanced Smart Grid SG) technologies in an integrated system to be more reliable, secure, economic, efficient, safe, and environmentally friendly. The technology demonstrations will include three main areas: (1) Energy Smart Customer Devices such as smart appliances, home scale energy storage, and photovoltaic (PV) solar systems to achieve Zero Net Energy homes and Zero Grid Impact electric vehicle (EV) charging at work; (2) Year 2020 Distribution System including distribution automation with looped circuit topology, advanced voltage/VAR control, advanced distribution equipment, smart metering, utility-scale storage, and dispatched renewable distributed generation; and (3) a Secure Energy Network to demonstrate end-to-end management of a complex high performance telecommunication system linking the CAISO to SCE’s back office, field networks, and energy smart devices in the home. Other specific aspects of sub-projects include: distribution circuit constraint management, enhanced circuit efficiency and power quality, self-healing circuits, deep grid situational awareness, and end-to-end cyber security and interoperability. The demonstration will be conducted in Irvine, California and will include two 12kV distribution circuits fed by SCE’s MacArthur Substation, residential homes, and EV charging in a parking lot at the University of California, Irvine.

Lithium Ion Battery 100 1:00.00 Irvine, California, United States

Under Construction

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NEDO New Mexico Smart Grid Demonstration Project

As an example of Hitachi’s power system stabilization solutions including energy storage systems being deployed overseas, the New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO) has commissioned a Demonstration Project in Los Alamos County, New Mexico, USA, which includes a lead acid battery system comprised of lead acid batteries (LL1500-W model which is produced by Shin-Kobe Electric Machinery Co., Ltd.), a 500-kVA PCS for storage batteries. The PCS is a hybrid type that includes two circuits of DC/DC converters that can be connected to storage batteries and photovoltaic cells. This demonstration project involves the construction of a system that is interconnected with the distribution line, and is engaging in a demonstration study into the effectiveness of suppressing short-term output fluctuations in photovoltaic power generation through the charging and discharging of lead-acid batteries.

Valve Regulated Lead Acid Battery (VRLA) 800 1:00.00 Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States

Operational

Brainerd Public Utilities Battery Pilot

This installation incorporates one 4.6 kW/11.8 kWh Silent Power storage unit installed at utility office building for demand charge reduction and backup power.

Sealed Lead Acid Battery 5 2:00.00 8027 Highland Scenic Rd, Brainerd , Minnesota 56401, United States

De-Commissioned

Nevada Energy Battery Storage Project (Villa Trieste)

One 4.6 kW/11.5 kWh Silent Power storage unit was installed in a residential community for community demand shifting, demand response, RE firming, and house demand limitation.

Lithium Ion Battery 5 2:00.00 6226 W Sahara Ave, Las Vegas, Nevada 89146, United States

Operational

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Lanai Sustainability Research

Xtreme Power deployed a 1.125 MVA Dynamic Power Resource (DPR) at the Lanai Sustainability Research's 1.5MW DC/1.2MW AC solar farm in order to double the output of the solar and control the ramp rate to +/- 360 kW/min. The solar farm was previously curtailed to 600 kW, and is now operating at full capacity with the DPR.

Advanced Lead Acid Battery 1,125 0:15.00 Lanai, Hawaii, United States

Operational

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Rose City Lights

Arista Power’s Power on Demand system utilizes inputs from multiple energy sources including solar, wind, fuel cells, generators, and the grid, in conjunction with a custom-designed battery storage system and a proprietary smart monitoring technology that releases energy at optimal times to reduce electricity costs – particularly demand charges – for large energy users. The PoD system that will be installed at the City Lights Building will consist of a micro-grid that will include the integration of the newly installed solar PV, the newly installed CHP co-generation system, energy storage and power distribution. The total value of the PoD and CHP project is $1.275 million. The City Lights Building is managed by Rose Associates, Inc., a New York-based full-service real estate development and management firm.

Valve Regulated Lead Acid Battery (VRLA) 225 4:00.00 4-74 48th Avenue, Long Island City, New York 11109, United States

Under Construction

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The Zurich 1 MW BESS

The Utility of the Canton of Zurich (EKZ) and ABB have installed a 1 MW battery in Dietikon, Switzerland. The battery can store up to 500 kWh and is therefore the largest of its kind in Switzerland. The system was built over a nine-month period, including procurement of all necessary permits. The Energy Storage System is connected to the low and medium voltage grid of EKZ and its control include a photovoltaic (PV) plant, an office building and electric vehicle charging stations, allowing to test various different smart grid applications. ABB's PCS100 enables AC/DC conversion in both directions at full nominal power. The battery cells were provided by LG Chem and are located inside an air conditioned outdoor container, which ensures optimum conditions for the cells. The various applications investigated include primary frequency control, peak shaving, microgrid control including the office building, and voltage control using active and reactive power supplied by the PCS.

Lithium Ion Battery 1,000 0:30.00 Überlandstrasse 2, Dietikon, Zurich, Switzerland

Operational

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Northern Powergrid CLNR ESS3-3

Northern Powergrid’s Customer-Led Network Revolution (CLNR) project is assessing the potential for new network technology and flexible customer response, to facilitate speedier and more economical take-up by customers of low-carbon technologies and the connection to the distribution network of increasing amounts of low carbon or renewable energy generation. The project is partially funded by Ofgem Low Carbon Networks Fund. It includes six NEC Energy Solutions GSS units commissioned in 2013 in three different areas. The strategic siting, both rural and urban, represents different grid situations, and it is estimated that the placements offer a representative sample of 80% of the entire UK power grid. Watch a video from Northern Powergrid describing all the projects here: http://goo.gl/OtTVIo

Lithium Ion Battery 50 2:00.00 Mortimer Road, Maltby, South Yorkshire s66 7pz, United Kingdom

Operational

Northern Powergrid CLNR ESS3-1

Northern Powergrid’s Customer-Led Network Revolution (CLNR) project is assessing the potential for new network technology and flexible customer response, to facilitate speedier and more economical take-up by customers of low-carbon technologies and the connection to the distribution network of increasing amounts of low carbon or renewable energy generation. The project is partially funded by Ofgem Low Carbon Networks Fund. It includes six NEC Energy Solutions GSS units commissioned in 2013 in three different areas. The strategic siting, both rural and urban, represents different grid situations, and it is estimated that the placements offer a representative sample of 80% of the entire UK power grid. Watch a video from Northern Powergrid describing all the projects here: http://goo.gl/OtTVIo

Lithium Ion Battery 50 2:00.00 Harrowgate Hill, Rise Carr, Darlington, North East DL1 3EL, United Kingdom

Operational

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Northern Powergrid CLNR EES3-2

Northern Powergrid’s Customer-Led Network Revolution (CLNR) project is assessing the potential for new network technology and flexible customer response, to facilitate speedier and more economical take-up by customers of low-carbon technologies and the connection to the distribution network of increasing amounts of low carbon or renewable energy generation. The project is partially funded by Ofgem Low Carbon Networks Fund. It includes six NEC Energy Solutions GSS units commissioned in 2013 in three different areas. The strategic siting, both rural and urban, represents different grid situations, and it is estimated that the placements offer a representative sample of 80% of the entire UK power grid. Watch a video from Northern Powergrid describing all the projects here: http://goo.gl/OtTVIo

Lithium Ion Battery 50 2:00.00 Wooler St. Mary, Wooler, Northumberland ne71 6nf, United Kingdom

Operational

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Northern Powergrid CLNR ESS2-1

Northern Powergrid’s Customer-Led Network Revolution (CLNR) project is assessing the potential for new network technology and flexible customer response, to facilitate speedier and more economical take-up by customers of low-carbon technologies and the connection to the distribution network of increasing amounts of low carbon or renewable energy generation. The project is partially funded by Ofgem Low Carbon Networks Fund. It includes six NEC Energy Solutions GSS units commissioned in 2013 in three different areas. The strategic siting, both rural and urban, represents different grid situations, and it is estimated that the placements offer a representative sample of 80% of the entire UK power grid. Watch a video from Northern Powergrid describing all the projects here: http://goo.gl/OtTVIo

Lithium Ion Battery 100 2:00.00 High Northgate, Rise Carr, Darlington, North East DL1 1UW, United Kingdom

Operational

Northern Powergrid CLNR ESS2-2

Northern Powergrid’s Customer-Led Network Revolution (CLNR) project is assessing the potential for new network technology and flexible customer response, to facilitate speedier and more economical take-up by customers of low-carbon technologies and the connection to the distribution network of increasing amounts of low carbon or renewable energy generation. The project is partially funded by Ofgem Low Carbon Networks Fund. It includes six NEC Energy Solutions GSS units commissioned in 2013 in three different areas. The strategic siting, both rural and urban, represents different grid situations, and it is estimated that the placements offer a representative sample of 80% of the entire UK power grid. Watch a video from Northern Powergrid describing all the projects here: http://goo.gl/OtTVIo

Lithium Ion Battery 100 2:00.00 Wooler Ramsey, Denwick, Northumberland ne71 6nz, United Kingdom

Operational

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Northern Powergrid CLNR EES1

Northern Powergrid’s Customer-Led Network Revolution (CLNR) project is assessing the potential for new network technology and flexible customer response, to facilitate speedier and more economical take-up by customers of low-carbon technologies and the connection to the distribution network of increasing amounts of low carbon or renewable energy generation. The project is partially funded by Ofgem Low Carbon Networks Fund. It includes six NEC Energy Solutions GSS units commissioned in 2013 in three different areas. The strategic siting, both rural and urban, represents different grid situations, and it is estimated that the placements offer a representative sample of 80% of the entire UK power grid. Watch a time-lapse video of the Rise Carr installation: http://goo.gl/R43c7c Watch a video from Northern Powergrid describing all the projects here: http://goo.gl/OtTVIo

Lithium Ion Battery 2,500 2:00.00 Rise Carr Substation, Rise Carr, Darlington, North East DL3 0HJ, United Kingdom

Operational

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Prudent Energy VRB-ESS® - Gills Onions, California

Gills Onions has a bio waste-based advanced energy recovery system that produces methane and biogas from onion production waste. Prudent Energy's VRB® energy storage system provides peak-shaving and demand charge avoidance services to reduce Gills Onions' monthly electric utility bill.

Vanadium Redox Flow Battery 600 6:00.00 1051 South Pacific Avenue, Oxnard, California 93030, United States

Operational

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CENER VRB

Smart grid application- severe single phase loading requirements 100% imbalance per phase- wide frequency deviations Operated in a micro-grid to perform output leveling and time of day shifting Provides reactive energy voltage control dynamically The micro-grid will be both grid connected and islanded

Vanadium Redox Flow Battery 50 2:00.00 City of Innovation, No. 7, Sarriguren, Navarra 31621, Spain

Operational

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Zhangbei National Wind and Solar Energy Storage and Transmission Demonstration Project (V) (张北风光储输示范项目一期工程-5)

The Zhangbei National Wind and Solar Energy Storage and Transmission Demonstration Project will eventually grow to include 500 MW of installed wind capacity, 100 MW of installed solar PV capacity and 110 MW of energy storage with an overall investment of 12 billion RMB (1.89 billion USD). The project currently includes a total of 14MW of lithium-ion batteries and a vanadium redox flow battery: (I) 6MW/36MWh Lithium Iron Phosphate batteries (BYD Auto) (II) 4MW/16MWh Lithium-ion batteries (Amperex Technology Limited (ATL)) (III) 3MW/9MWh Lithium-ion batteries (China Aviation Lithium Battery Co., Ltd.) (IV) 1MW/2MWh Lithium-ion batteries (Wanxiang Group) (V) 2MW/8MWh Vanadium Redox Flow Battery (Prudent Energy) Note: The 5 National Wind and Solar Energy Storage and Transmission Demonstration Project entries in the DOE Energy Storage Database correspond to the 4 lithium-ion battery systems and 1 vanadium redox flow battery system. Original plans to include 4MW of sodium sulfur batteries have been delayed over safety concerns. Energy storage applications include wind solar and other renewable energy integration, frequency regulation and voltage support. The project is focused on using battery energy storage to enable interactive management of the electric power grid.

Vanadium Redox Flow Battery 2,000 4:00.00 Zhangbei, Hebei, China

Operational

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AEP Ohio gridSMART Demonstration Project

AEP Ohio and its partners are building a secure, interoperable, and integrated Smart Grid infrastructure in Ohio that demonstrates the ability to maximize distribution system efficiency and reliability, and consumer use of demand response programs to reduce energy consumption, peak demand costs, and fossil fuel emissions. The demonstration area includes 150 square miles including parts of Columbus, Bexley, Gahanna, New Albany, Whitehall, Reynoldsburg, Westerville, Blacklick, Johnstown, Alexandria, Minerva Park, and Pataskala. This area includes approximately 110,000 meters and 70 distribution circuits. AEP Ohio will implement Smart Grid technology over 58 13kV circuits from 10 distribution stations and 12 34.5kV circuits from six distribution stations. Included in this project is a redistribution management system, integrated volt-VAR control, distribution automation, advanced meter infrastructure, home area networks, community energy storage, sodium sulfur battery storage, and renewable generation sources. These technologies will be combined with two-way consumer communication and information sharing, demand response, dynamic pricing, and consumer products, such as plug-in hybrid vehicles. The plan was to integrate 80 CES (25kW/25kWh) units of storage resources into the existing grid. After initial testing, AEP Ohio began field installations and commissioned 15 CES units into operations by December 31, 2011. Following this deployment, technical issues were discovered and the CES units were not performing to AEP Ohio’s stringent standards. The CES units were removed from the field and returned to S&C. This component of the project has been redefined to include a limited deployment of four CES units at an outdoor test environment on AEP Ohio property to continue extensive testing. Read the final project report here: http://goo.gl/N6aDLp

Lithium Ion Battery 100 1:00.00 1 Riverside Plaza, Columbus, Ohio 43215-2355, United States

Operational

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AEP Presidio NaS Energy Storage System

The Big-Old Battery (BOB) is a 4MW sulfur sodium battery providing backup power to the town of Presidio, Texas. Presidio currently operates with an aging transmission grid and is vulnerable to outages from the Texas plains' powerful electrical storms. BOB will fix this problem and do much more. Overall, BOB provides the following benefits: - Due to its quick response, the battery will address voltage fluctuations and momentary outages. - In the event of an outage on the radial transmission line providing power to Presidio, the battery can supply four megawatts of uninterrupted power for up to eight hours. This will also allow for a transfer of electricity sourcing from the Texas grid to that of neighboring Comisiόn Federal de Electricidad (CFE) during emergency situations. This process can often take several hours. - The battery will allow for maintenance on the new transmission line being built from Marfa to Presidio without loss of electric service. Watch "ETT's Presidio NAS® Battery: A Story of Technology, Tenacity and Teamwork" - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=54_xP0NzY7M

Sodium Sulfur Battery 4,000 8:00.00 Presidio, Texas, United States

Operational

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Long Island Bus BESS

Long Island Bus’s Battery Energy Storage System (BESS) powers the natural gas compressors LI Bus uses to refuel its fixed route vehicles during the day. LI Bus' entire fleet of 330 buses runs on compressed natural gas utilizing an environmentally responsible technology to transport 30 million riders annually. BESS automatically recharges itself at night when low-demand makes electric rates less expensive. It lets LI Bus improve its energy efficiency, reduce costs and provide emergency backup power. This device is among the first and largest sodium sulfur cell technology installations in the United States. It also marks the first time this type of advanced battery technology is being used by a consumer with an electric meter. That's an important development because storing power based on this battery process has the potential to allow customers to capture energy from sources such as wind or tidal power. They can then use the electricity when it's most needed.

Sodium Sulfur Battery 1,000 6:30.00 Garden City, New York, United States

De-Commissioned

AEP Charleston NaS Energy Storage Project

This was the first MW-Scale NAS application outside japan, installed by American Electric Power to provide peak-shaving and transmission upgrade deferral benefits. This kind of system is particularly well-suited to transmission upgrade deferral because it can be moved to where it is needed most at any given time, unlike conventional transmission upgrade solutions. DOE/Sandia provided partial sponsorship, covering non-repeat expenses. Over the short term, the purpose of the Charleston Energy Storage Project is to mitigate current local capacity constraints and service reliability issues. The long term objective is to bring AEP one step closer to it’s vision of a storage-buffered grid of the future.

Sodium Sulfur Battery 1,200 6:00.00 Charleston, West Virginia, United States

Operational

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PG&E Vaca Battery Energy Storage Pilot Project

This project is located at a substation near the Vaca Dixon Solar Plant of Vacaville, CA. The 2-MW / 14 MWh installation is used for load shaping, renewables integration, and ancillary services.

Sodium Sulfur Battery 2,000 7:00.00 Vacaville, California, United States

Operational

Milton NaS Battery Energy Storage System

AEP has pioneered the use of NaS batteries in the United States. Following testing at its Dolan Technology Center near Columbus, OH, the utility became the first U.S. electric company to deploy NaS batteries in 2002 when it installed and operated a 100kW/500kVA demonstration unit in Gahanna, OH. In 2006, AEP installed a 1.2-MW stationary NaS battery near Charleston, WV. And in 2008, the utility installed three, 2-MW NaS batteries: one in Churubusco, IN.; one in Milton, WV; and one in Bluffton, OH. The 7.2 MW in NaS deployments are part of AEP’s electricity storage strategy that will also include transportable stationary batteries and distributed small scale energy storage systems. AEP deployed all of its NaS installations as a means to provide load leveling and alleviate transformer loading during summer peaks, defer capital upgrades, and offer emergency backup power to several hundred customers during electrical system outages. Ultimately, the NaS units offer AEP a degree of flexibility in determining the optimal approach for handling reliability problems. The units buy the utility time to decide whether to redesign a substation, build generation, or keep the storage units in place permanently. (All of the NaS systems are capable of being relocated for an estimated $85,000 to $115,000 if and when the company’s needs for storage change.) AEP’s 2-MW units were deployed in 2008, and are capable of providing islanding (backup power) for over seven hours when loss of utility power from the substation occurs. These newer installations can also perform load-triggered load leveling which, for example, allows the batteries to discharge just enough energy to hold a constrained substation transformer constant. As a result, a greater amount of energy can be reserved for islanding and battery life can be extended due to less frequent discharging. AEP uses an in-house SCADA system and developed custom software to control all of its batteries based on the loading transformer. The software essentially creates a feedback loop where the load of the transformer is compared to a desired maximum, and the battery output is then adjusted to achieve that maximum. In addition, the unit sited at the Balls Gap substation in Milton, WV successfully islanded approximately 700 customers for roughly 30 minutes during a simulated outage staged on July 8, 2009. A live islanding event, meanwhile, took place in December 2009, during a snowstorm that islanded 25 customers for two days. Over that period, the Milton installation was able to minimize disruptions; customers experienced less than three minutes of continuous disruption during the two-day outage period. Finally, on October 20, 2009, the Milton, WV battery was successfully operated to alleviate load and voltage concerns during a load transfer event between substations. While the transformer at one station was taken out of service for maintenance, load was transferred to a different station which caused voltage and loading concerns. The Milton battery was deployed and mitigated these concerns. Source: "Energy Storage and Project Demos" Electric Power Energy Research (EPRI)

Sodium Sulfur Battery 2,000 6:00.00 2900 E Mud River Rd, Milton, West Virginia, United States

Operational

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AEP Bluffton NaS Energy Storage System

AEP has pioneered the use of NaS batteries in the United States. Following testing at its Dolan Technology Center near Columbus, OH, the utility became the first U.S. electric company to deploy NaS batteries in 2002 when it installed and operated a 100kW/500kVA demonstration unit in Gahanna, OH. In 2006, AEP installed a 1.2-MW stationary NaS battery near Charleston, WV. And in 2008, the utility installed three, 2-MW NaS batteries: one in Churubusco, IN.; one in Milton, WV; and one in Bluffton, OH. The 7.2 MW in NaS deployments are part of AEP’s electricity storage strategy that will also include transportable stationary batteries and distributed small scale energy storage systems. AEP deployed all of its NaS installations as a means to provide load leveling and alleviate transformer loading during summer peaks, defer capital upgrades, and offer emergency backup power to several hundred customers during electrical system outages. Ultimately, the NaS units offer AEP a degree of flexibility in determining the optimal approach for handling reliability problems. The units buy the utility time to decide whether to redesign a substation, build generation, or keep the storage units in place permanently. (All of the NaS systems are capable of being relocated for an estimated $85,000 to $115,000 if and when the company’s needs for storage change.) AEP’s 2-MW units were deployed in 2008, and are capable of providing islanding (backup power) for over seven hours when loss of utility power from the substation occurs. These newer installations can also perform load-triggered load leveling which, for example, allows the batteries to discharge just enough energy to hold a constrained substation transformer constant. As a result, a greater amount of energy can be reserved for islanding and battery life can be extended due to less frequent discharging. AEP uses an in-house SCADA system and developed custom software to control all of its batteries based on the loading transformer. The software essentially creates a feedback loop where the load of the transformer is compared to a desired maximum, and the battery output is then adjusted to achieve that maximum. Source: "Energy Storage and Project Demos" Electric Power Energy Research (EPRI)

Sodium Sulfur Battery 2,000 6:00.00 Bluffton, Ohio, United States

Operational

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AEP Churubusco NaS Battery Energy Storage System

AEP has pioneered the use of NaS batteries in the United States. Following testing at its Dolan Technology Center near Columbus, OH, the utility became the first U.S. electric company to deploy NaS batteries in 2002 when it installed and operated a 100kW/500kVA demonstration unit in Gahanna, OH. In 2006, AEP installed a 1.2-MW stationary NaS battery near Charleston, WV. And in 2008, the utility installed three, 2-MW NaS batteries: one in Churubusco, IN.; one in Milton, WV; and one in Bluffton, OH. The 7.2 MW in NaS deployments are part of AEP’s electricity storage strategy that will also include transportable stationary batteries and distributed small scale energy storage systems. AEP deployed all of its NaS installations as a means to provide load leveling and alleviate transformer loading during summer peaks, defer capital upgrades, and offer emergency backup power to several hundred customers during electrical system outages. Ultimately, the NaS units offer AEP a degree of flexibility in determining the optimal approach for handling reliability problems. The units buy the utility time to decide whether to redesign a substation, build generation, or keep the storage units in place permanently. (All of the NaS systems are capable of being relocated for an estimated $85,000 to $115,000 if and when the company’s needs for storage change.) AEP’s 2-MW units were deployed in 2008, and are capable of providing islanding (backup power) for over seven hours when loss of utility power from the substation occurs. These newer installations can also perform load-triggered load leveling which, for example, allows the batteries to discharge just enough energy to hold a constrained substation transformer constant. As a result, a greater amount of energy can be reserved for islanding and battery life can be extended due to less frequent discharging. AEP uses an in-house SCADA system and developed custom software to control all of its batteries based on the loading transformer. The software essentially creates a feedback loop where the load of the transformer is compared to a desired maximum, and the battery output is then adjusted to achieve that maximum. Source: "Energy Storage and Project Demos" Electric Power Energy Research (EPRI)

Sodium Sulfur Battery 2,000 6:00.00 Churubusco, Indiana, United States

Operational

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PG&E Yerba Buena Battery Energy Storage Pilot Project

This 4 MW Sodium Sulfur battery system is located at the research facility for HGST, Inc. in San Jose, CA. The system supports power quality and reliability for customers on the distribution feeder, has the ability to island the HGST facility, and can be used for studying various battery functionalities such as load shaping and smoothing of intermittent resources. PG&E, working in coordination with Electric Power Research Institute via a grant from the California Energy Commission, is studying the system’s performance and functionalities and making these reports available to the public.

Sodium Sulfur Battery 4,000 7:00.00 3403 Yerba Buena Road, San Jose, California, United States

Operational

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Japan-US Collaborative Smart Grid Project

The Los Alamos site is the world’s most advanced smart grid demonstration site for supply and demand control. Photovoltaic systems provide a significant portion of the power supply and account for up to 75% of the energy at the Los Alamos site. Because the output of photovoltaic systems vary with weather conditions, large-scale stationary batteries (sodium sulfur battery and lead acid battery) and demand response will be used to control the power flow of the distribution system and ensure quality.

Sodium Sulfur Battery 1,000 6:00.00 3701 East Jemez Rd., Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States

Operational

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Rokkasho Village Wind Farm

In May 2008, JWD completed construction of a wind farm near Rokkasho village in Aomori Prefecture, in northern Honshu. This smart grid wind farm is the first facility of its type to use sodium sulfur (NAS) batteries to store electricity for supply to the national power grid. These batteries are charged at night, when the demand for power is lower, and the stored electricity can be supplied to the grid together with the electricity generated by the windmills during the daylight hours. This ensures a steady supply of power to the grid even during those periods when power production falls as the result of low wind speed. To control the transmission of power from the Rokkasho wind farm to the national power grid, Tokyo Densan, a Yokogawa representative and systems integrator, successfully installed STARDOM network-based controllers and FA-M3 range-free controllers. Source: http://www.yokogawa.com/iab/suc/power/iab-suc-jwd-en.htm

Sodium Sulfur Battery 34,000 7:00.00 Rokkasho, Aomori, Japan

Operational

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BC Hydro Field Battery Energy Storage

"1 MW NaS battery installed 50 km along 25 kV feeder from Golden, BC substation close to Field, BC. Battery system is able to operate islanded from the grid in order to provide back-up power to Field in the event of a feeder outage and is also set up to discharge over the peak hours from 4pm to 8pm every day and recharge over night. The system uses S&C's Storage Management System and Intellirupter device to manage the charge and discharge and isolatethe system for islanding. Telecommunications between the intellirupter and the storage management system is provided by 900MHz SpeedNet radio. Telecommunications back to BC Hydro operations is provided by satellite. SCADA points are mapped to BC Hydro's EMS system for monitoring and control."

Sodium Sulfur Battery 1,000 6:30.00 Field, British Columbia, Canada

Operational

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XCEL MinnWind Wind-to-Battery Project

In October 2008, Xcel Energy began testing a one-megawatt battery-storage technology to demonstrate its ability to store wind energy and move it to the electricity grid when needed. Xcel Energy purchased the battery from NGK Insulators Ltd. The sodium-sulfur battery is commercially available and versions of this technology are in use elsewhere in the U.S. and other parts of the world, but this is the first U.S. application of the battery as a direct wind energy storage device. The project is being conducted in Luverne, Minn., about 30 miles east of Sioux Falls, S.D. The battery installation is connected to a nearby 11-megawatt wind farm owned by Minwind Energy, LLC. The project received a $1 million grant from Xcel Energy’s Renewable Development Fund.

Sodium Sulfur Battery 1,000 7:12.00 Luverne, Minnesota, United States

Operational

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Rankin Substation Energy Storage Project

In 2010, Duke Energy, FIAMM, and S&C Electric Company came together to solve a problem that Duke Energy was beginning to experience on distribution circuits that have a high penetration of distributed solar generation. Due to passing clouds, solar energy output was observed to rapidly fluctuate; cases were observed where over 80% of a solar unit's output would drop in less than five seconds. This rapid fluctuation in circuit power flows can cause undesirable voltage conditions that are significant for existing infrastructure to correct. To solve this, a battery system was envisioned that charged and discharged to absorb the solar-induced "power swings", allowing the circuit's voltage profile to remain smooth despite significant and rapid changes to the power flows along it. Duke has arranged 12 batteries manufactured by the Italian company FIAMM for use in series in hybrid electric buses to make a 402-kilowatt battery. It is used to smooth out large minute-by-minute spikes and troughs in production from the 1.2-megawatt rooftop solar project Duke operates about a mile away. The Rankin project is designed to give Duke hard data on what would be the smallest battery that could be used to reduce these swings effectively. FIAMM donated the battery to Duke to participate in getting the information. Dan Sowder, Senior Project Manager in Duke's Emerging-Technology Office says the Italian company is designing products for use with solar projects, based on the information it gets from the Rankin project.

Sodium Nickel Chloride Battery 402 0:42.00 Rankin Avenue Retail Substation, Mount Holly, North Carolina 28120, United States

Operational

GE Wind Durathon Battery Project

Invenergy installed GE’s Brilliant Wind Turbine with Durathon Batteries at a Mills County, Texas wind farm. The turbines leverage short-term energy storage provided by the GE Durathon Battery to help ensure reliable, predictable power.

Sodium Nickel Chloride Battery 300 4:00.00 Tehachapi, Texas, United States

Operational

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WPD Falcon Project, GE Durathon

The system is to be used in Western Powers distribution substation located in Milton Keynes. Five 50kW (100kWh) Sodium Nickel Chloride Durathon batteries were supplied by GE. These have been installed to investigate using energy storage to defer costly network reinforcement and evaluate using a number of smaller batteries distributed across a network, rather than a single unit at a single location.

Sodium Nickel Chloride Battery 250 2:00.00 Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, United Kingdom

Operational

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Discovery Science Center Durathon Battery

Southern California Edison procured a Princeton Power Systems Battery Energy Storage System (“BESS”) for a field demonstration to be sited at the Discovery Science Center. This BESS includes a 100 kW, 500 kWh GE sodium nickel chloride battery. The Discovery Science Center is a medium-sized commercial customer that will use the BESS in a permanent load shifting application to reduce the peak loading (and bill) of the customer. Installation is expected on 20 April 14, 2014 with full commissioning by May 1, 2014. This is General Electric’s largest grid-scale application of its sodium-nickel-chloride Durathon battery. As part of California’s permanent load shift program, the array is meant to shift 10% to 20% of the building’s electrical load from expensive peak times to cheaper, off-peak use, while also providing power when the grid goes down. It is one of the first deployments of battery technology aimed at such a large-scale shifting of power in a behind-the-meter setting.

Sodium Nickel Chloride Battery 100 5:00.00 2500 N Main St, Santa Ana, California 92705, United States

Under Construction

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Arista Durathon Battery Project

The customer is using the system primarily for behind the meter. Being a fully integrated turnkey product, Durathon Battery Energy Storage Systems are highly efficient and scalable – from 100 kWh to multi MWh – and offer energy storage ranging from two to six hours. With accurate response times, the Durathon Battery Energy Storage System is a safe option that integrate seamlessly into any electric grid system. Designed to communicate with standard energy management system software, each Durathon Battery module easily integrates into any pre-existing, system-wide controller software.

Sodium Nickel Chloride Battery 100 2:00.00 1999 Mt. Read Blvd., Rochester, New York 14615, United States

Under Construction

FIAMM Green Energy Island

The plant has an appropriate storage capacity thanks to Fiamm SoNick salt batteries. It is linked to the grid of the production plant and it has a peak power of 181kW, produces 200.000kWh and it has a storage capacity of 230 kWh.

Sodium Nickel Chloride Battery 180 1:16.00 Via Dovaro, 8 - Lonigo (VI), Almisano, Veneto 36045, Italy

Operational

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Xcel SolarTAC CES Test

The Solar Technology Acceleration Center (SolarTAC) is an integrated, world-class facility where the solar industry and solar energy users can test, validate and demonstrate advanced solar technologies under actual field conditions. With the lowest cost of ownership and zero ambient emissions, sodium energy backup systems are designed to operate in extreme temperature conditions (-40°C to +65°C).  Able to execute more than 4500 cycles at 80% DoD. No cooling required and integrated BMS. Project includes 1 CABINET (3 Z37 620V 38Ah), PV smoothing, and load shifting.

Sodium Nickel Chloride Battery 25 2:00.00 2700-2800 Hudson Mile Rd, Watkins, Colorado 80137, United States

Operational

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Smart Polygeneration Microgrid, Univeristy of Genoa

The University of Genoa developed a smart polygeneration microgrid for the campus of Savona that was officially commissioned on February 12, 2014. The whole infrastructure was assembled by Siemens Italia Spa, which won the public tender to build the microgrid. Since then, the campus has largely generated enough power to satisfy its own needs with the help of several networked energy producers – with total capacity of 250 kW of electricity and 300 kW of heating. Three highly efficient gas micro­turbines supply the power, as well as the heat that is distributed across the campus via a district heating grid. An absorption chiller provides cooling energy during summer season. In addition to the gas turbines, a concentrated solar power station with three modules based on Stirling engine technology and a photovoltaic plant with four solar cells are used to produce power. An electrochemical and two traditional boilers serve as a buffer; as needed, they balance fluctuations in the power supply caused by fluctuating producers. Two electric vehicles and two charging stations have also been added on the consumption side. Everything is connected to the control center on the campus, which ensures smart energy management of the microgrid. The microgrid management system monitors and manages the resources. To do so, the smart software draws on comprehensive generation and consumption forecasts and continuous real­time optimization so it can respond quickly and flexibly to changing condi­tions in power generation and consumption. The sodium energy backup systems are designed to operate in extreme temperature conditions (-40°C to +65°C).  Able to execute more than 4500 cycles at 80% DoD. No cooling required and integrated BMS. Unit: Spring 306, PV smoothing, backup power, load shifting A video describing the project is found here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NxZ_ahPpP34

Sodium Nickel Chloride Battery 63 2:22.00 University of Genoa, Savona, Liguria I-17100, Italy

Operational

SMUD Solar EV Charge Port

Project Objectives: – Minimize impact of PV variability – Control PV and PHEV charger ramp rates – Voltage regulation and voltage sag mitigation – Peak load shifting

Sodium Nickel Chloride Battery 50 2:36.00 6201 S Street, Sacramento, California 94203, United States

Operational

Wind Energy Institute of Canada Durathon Battery

1MW Sodium Nickel Chloride Battery being used to integrate electricity from the 10 MW Wind R&D Park located at the over 30 year old Wind Energy Institute of Canada facility.

Sodium Nickel Chloride Battery 1,000 2:00.00 21741 Route 12, North Cape, Prince Edward Island C0B 2B0, Canada

Operational

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Tozzi Energy Storage System - TESS

A Microgrid storage system, integrating wind turbine TN535 supplied by Tozzi Nord (7 KW) and a PV plant (17 KW), has been installed in Sant'Alberto, Italy, inside a sheep farm and cheese factory. This energy storage system guarantees self-sustaining production and independency of the farm from the grid instability.

Sodium Nickel Chloride Battery 35 3:00.00 via Forello, Sant'Alberto , Ravenna 48123 , Italy

Operational

RDT&E for Advanced Energy Storage & Management Demonstration for USAF High Energy Demand Operations and Facilities

The study will demonstrate, validate, and document practical and sustainable AESM concepts and technologies in an operational environment at the Maui High Performance Computing Center (MHPCC). The efforts will assist the Air Force in moving toward Net Zero bases, energy independence, assurance, and security. Additionally, the results will inform AESM implementation at Department of Defense (DoD) installations worldwide by providing details of broad-scale capability in providing power quality enhancement, reducing cost of operations, and assuring access to energy for high demand or challenged operations. MHPCC is a 32,000-square-foot facility that was selected by AFRL-APTO for the AESM demonstration after evaluating its energy demands, existing and planned alternative energy sources, operational requirements, and its ability to meet Air Force energy efficiency and renewable energy efforts. The facility will be installing roof-mounted solar panels, which will provide insight on storage for excess renewable energy, and instantaneous transition to support an uninterruptable operational environment. AESM can utilize grid, wind, generator, or solar power for input in a multitude of operations. Furthermore, the control system and energy storage components can be customized to the unique requirements of each operation. The data and lessons harnessed from the AESM demonstration will determine applicability of the technology to be scalable and transferrable. The results can also serve as a resource for future work in battery technology applications.

Sodium Nickel Chloride Battery 100 2:00.00 550 Lipoa Pkwy, Kihei, Hawaii 96753, United States

Under Construction

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Hampton Wind Park

Ecoult provided and integrated a MW scale wind power storage system using UltraBattery® technology to address difficulties associated with the variability and uncertainty of wind power production. The project utilizes storage to smooth the 5 minute ramp rate of a wind farm. The objective of the energy storage solution implemented at Hampton is to smooth the ramp rate of the wind farm before presenting it to the grid. In turn the impact objective is to achieve higher penetration of wind and renewable energy in grid systems. It is part of a systematic effort to reduce the cost of each MWh of storage used to control renewable energy variability.

UltraBattery 1,000 0:30.00 Hampton, New South Wales, Australia

Operational

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East Penn Manufacturing Co. Grid-Scale Energy Storage Demonstration Using UltraBattery Technology

The PJM (Pennsylvania-Jersey-Maryland Interconnection) Regulation Services project in Lyon Station, PA, was one of the projects selected and partly funded by the DOE under its American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 to demonstrate the ability of the Ecoult and Deka UltraBattery® energy storage system to enhance the reliability and efficiency of the grid. It provides 3MW of continuous frequency regulation services to the grid of PJM Interconnection, the largest Regional Transmission Organization/Independent System Operator in the US. The new system is also used for peak demand management services to the local utility, Met-Ed (a First Energy Company). The PJM demonstration project has been implemented in both a building and a containerized format to demonstrate the modularity and mobility of the storage solutions. This project will be a leading model in the implementation of energy storage technology enabling a smarter grid on a much a broader scale. The equipment used for the PJM demonstration includes: • 15 kV switchgear • 69 kV bus and fused switch • 4 battery strings- one containerized string and three strings installed in building • 1,920 UltraBatteries® that combine an asymmetric ultra-capacitor and a lead-acid battery in one unit • 1 power conversion system • 1 master programmable controller • 1 battery monitoring system (source: http://energy.gov/sites/prod/files/East%20Penn.pdf)

UltraBattery 3,000 0:43.00 102 Deka Road, Lyon Station, Pennsylvania 19536, United States

Operational

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Landing Mall DR

A nominal 50-kWh bank of LI batteries packaged with a 75-kW inverter and open DR dispatch protocol is installed at a mall in downtown Port Angeles, WA. The storage bank can be charged or discharged via a remote signal by the local utility as a means for load shaping and Rapid Demand Response. The mall can also use the storage bank to peak shave when the storage is not used by the utility.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 75 0:32.00 Landing Mall on the Front Street, Port Angeles, Washington 98362, United States

Operational

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Alameda County RDSI CERTS Microgrid Demonstration Santa Rita Jail Smart Grid

Alameda County’s Santa Rita Jail smart grid demonstration project in Dublin, California, is the country’s largest CERTS-based microgrid with renewable generation and large-scale energy storage. Designed and constructed by Chevron Energy Solutions, this first-of-its-kind project is anticipated to be a powerful enabler toward a smarter grid. It brings together multiple partners and technologies to deliver an essential component of the U.S. Department of Energy’s plan to deploy an advanced, interconnected energy network capable of meeting the consumption needs of tomorrow. (From http://www.acgov.org/pdf/SRJSmartGridOverview.pdf)

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 2,000 2:00.00 5325 Broder Blvd., Dublin, California 94568, United States

Operational

BYD Li-ion Energy Storage System Demonstration

The battery unit is one of several that are being tested by EPRI at its Power Delivery & Utilization (PDU) Lab in Knoxville, TN. The system, along with the other Distributed Energy Storage Systems (DESS's), was installed in early/mid 2011 and has since been operating under various stages of testing against EPRI’s DESS test protocol.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 50 0:55.00 Knoxville, Tennessee, United States

Operational

SOPRA: Food-processing factory Sustainable Powerplant

Alfen recently developed the Sustainable Off-grid Power Station for Rural Applications (SOPRA) which provides for autonomous energy grids at locations where this was not previously feasible. The basic solution comprises a number of transformers, a battery pack and an advanced regulating system for the batteries, which is very mobile. The solution can therefore be used anywhere in the world. The system pays for itself within only a few years, as it replaces the expenditure on conventional energy sources such as oil and candles. Thanks to these savings in fuel costs, a SOPRA system is the ideal solution for even the poorest of countries. The use of Lithium-ion batteries makes the SOPRA concept 10 times as compact as existing systems, so that the storage technology for approximately 10,000 users fits in a single 20 foot container. The choice for this type of battery also gives the system a long working life, while the batteries can be simply recycled. The system works using solar energy, wind energy or water energy, but also with conventional energy sources as backup. The great advantage is that the sustainably generated energy is stored in the battery pack, rather than being lost. Due to various management and communication systems being integrated in the SOPRA concept, users can pay in a number of ways, consumption can be regulated and the system can be remote controlled. Alfen supplies the SOPRA concept on a turnkey basis, including the sustainable energy generation, the energy storage, the distribution network, the management and service and maintenance.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 1,100 2:00.00 Ogun State, Ogun State, Nigeria

Announced

CODA Energy - CORE 40/30

A 40kWh, UL Certified (UL1973), battery system comprised of 4 series connected identical 10kWh blocks, connected to a bidirectional 30kW inverter. Used for "behind the meter" demand reduction, EV charging load management, and building power quality & power factor, and renewable generation ramp control.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 30 1:20.00 922 S Myrtle Avenue, Monrovia, California 91016, United States

Operational

CODA Energy: AQMD 13035 - BESS 1+2

An array of (10) 50kWh Lithium Iron Phosphate battery towers divided into 2 banks of 5 towers apiece. Each 50kWh battery tower is individually connected to a 100kW bidirectional inverter. Batteries and electronics are housed within 2 custom enclosures of 500kW each. Site includes PV generation and public 8 public EV charging spots. System will be used to provide ancillary services to CAISO, provide local load shifting, plug-in vehicle charging support, and renewable generation ramp control.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 1,000 0:30.00 922 S Myrtle Avenue, Monrovia, California 91016, United States

Under Construction

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RES Battery Utility of Ohio

The system is comprised of a +/-4 MW (8 MW total range) / 2.6MWh lithium battery that provides frequency regulation to the PJM system. The project utilizes lithium iron phosphate, an inherently safe variant of lithium battery chemistry. There are two containers that house batteries weighing approximately 20 tons each, as well as a third container that converts the direct current (DC) output to alternating current (AC) for injection and withdrawal of real power to and from the grid.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 4,000 0:39.00 12800 Centerburg Road, Sunbury, Ohio 43074, United States

Operational

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Magellan GPSS - SWR

This energy storage system was designed specifically for the SWER (Single Wire Earth Return) power transmission system. The SWER power lines are used throughout the world, with the network here in Australia being one of the largest, covering 200,000km and servicing approximately 100,000 rural customers. The SWER power lines were first utilised after WWII because they offered a simple, low cost power solution by supplying power through a single wire and circulating it back via the earth. Currently however, the SWER power line network suffers from poor voltage regulation, poor power factor and overload capability. The GPSS-SWR consists of a single phase rugged IGBT bi-directional inverter, and 100kWh of Lithium Iron Phosphate batteries. The primary function of GPSS-SWR is voltage regulation, power factor correction, peak current injection (to clear the downstream fuse) and to provide UPS function. The GPSS-SWR was assembled in a 10' container and was supplied to a Queensland utility in 2010.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 25 4:00.00 Ergon Energy, Queensland, Queensland, Australia

Operational

Quick Charging EV's Powered by the Sun (Bodegraven A12)

The market for electric vehicles (EV) is preparing for rapid growth in the coming years. All major car manufacturers have announced to launch an electric vehicle. The Dutch market is expected to expand to 15,000-20,000 EVs in 2013, and 1,000,000 EVs in 2025. The ambition of the Dutch government is to have 200,000 electric vehicles on the road by 2020, and a continued growth to a mature market of 1 million vehicles by 2025. For scaling up the number of electric vehicles, a charging infrastructure with 500 fast charging points is essential. However, anxiety regarding range and finding charging stations can be a major concern for EV drivers; this range anxiety can be alleviated with the availability of fast charging stations at central locations, where a car gets fully charged within 30 minutes. The availability of fast charging stations plays a major role in the acceptance by a broad group of consumers. An important technical challenge related to electric vehicles is the effect of charging on the classic energy grid. Moreover, the classic energy grid is not suited for fast charging of EVs, as this is accompanied by very high peaks in energy demand. Innovative solutions should be developed to overcome this problem. MisterGreen aims at developing an important next step for electric transportation: sustainable fast charging stations next to Dutch highway gas stations, where electric cars get fully charged in 30 minutes using solar energy. MisterGreen aims at developing a smart-grid solution – the energy needed for fast-charging is available via energy storage buffer batteries. There will be no peak energy demands on the classic energy grid as these batteries serve as energy buffer. The storage buffer batteries are charged using solar panels. A lack of available solar power can be supplemented by power from the grid. Mistergreen will realize and manage a nationwide network of fast charging stations at the best locations in the Netherlands. Concessions for twenty highway locations throughout the Netherlands have been obtained until 2027. The fast charging stations will be realized next to gas stations along the highway in the Netherlands. Intergrated solar panels for onsite electricity generation will charge the batteries of the charging station. Both the battery storage and grid power provide for fast charging the EV. The battery storage pack will serve as a load-balancing power source and has smart grid functionalities. At these highway fast charging stations, drivers can fill up their car with sustainable solar energy in less than 30 minutes.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 50 2:00.00 Bodegraven, Bodegraven, Netherlands

Under Construction

Quick Charging EV's Powered by the Sun (Amstelveel A9)

The market for electric vehicles (EV) is preparing for rapid growth in the coming years. All major car manufacturers have announced to launch an electric vehicle. The Dutch market is expected to expand to 15,000-20,000 EVs in 2013, and 1,000,000 EVs in 2025. The ambition of the Dutch government is to have 200,000 electric vehicles on the road by 2020, and a continued growth to a mature market of 1 million vehicles by 2025. For scaling up the number of electric vehicles, a charging infrastructure with 500 fast charging points is essential. However, anxiety regarding range and finding charging stations can be a major concern for EV drivers; this range anxiety can be alleviated with the availability of fast charging stations at central locations, where a car gets fully charged within 30 minutes. The availability of fast charging stations plays a major role in the acceptance by a broad group of consumers. An important technical challenge related to electric vehicles is the effect of charging on the classic energy grid. Moreover, the classic energy grid is not suited for fast charging of EVs, as this is accompanied by very high peaks in energy demand. Innovative solutions should be developed to overcome this problem. MisterGreen aims at developing an important next step for electric transportation: sustainable fast charging stations next to Dutch highway gas stations, where electric cars get fully charged in 30 minutes using solar energy. MisterGreen aims at developing a smart-grid solution – the energy needed for fast-charging is available via energy storage buffer batteries. There will be no peak energy demands on the classic energy grid as these batteries serve as energy buffer. The storage buffer batteries are charged using solar panels. A lack of available solar power can be supplemented by power from the grid. Mistergreen will realize and manage a nationwide network of fast charging stations at the best locations in the Netherlands. Concessions for twenty highway locations throughout the Netherlands have been obtained until 2027. The fast charging stations will be realized next to gas stations along the highway in the Netherlands. Intergrated solar panels for onsite electricity generation will charge the batteries of the charging station. Both the battery storage and grid power provide for fast charging the EV. The battery storage pack will serve as a load-balancing power source and has smart grid functionalities. At these highway fast charging stations, drivers can fill up their car with sustainable solar energy in less than 30 minutes.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 50 2:00.00 Amstelveel, Amstelveel, Netherlands

Under Construction

Clean Energy Storage: Advanced Energy Storage Research & Innovation Center

Research & Innovation Center for Advanced Energy System 3rd Gen. LiFeMnPO4

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 30 12:00.00 Renton, Washington 98040, United States

Under Construction

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Quick Charging EV's Powered by the Sun (Leiden A4)

The market for electric vehicles (EV) is preparing for rapid growth in the coming years. All major car manufacturers have announced to launch an electric vehicle. The Dutch market is expected to expand to 15,000-20,000 EVs in 2013, and 1,000,000 EVs in 2025. The ambition of the Dutch government is to have 200,000 electric vehicles on the road by 2020, and a continued growth to a mature market of 1 million vehicles by 2025. For scaling up the number of electric vehicles, a charging infrastructure with 500 fast charging points is essential. However, anxiety regarding range and finding charging stations can be a major concern for EV drivers; this range anxiety can be alleviated with the availability of fast charging stations at central locations, where a car gets fully charged within 30 minutes. The availability of fast charging stations plays a major role in the acceptance by a broad group of consumers. An important technical challenge related to electric vehicles is the effect of charging on the classic energy grid. Moreover, the classic energy grid is not suited for fast charging of EVs, as this is accompanied by very high peaks in energy demand. Innovative solutions should be developed to overcome this problem. MisterGreen aims at developing an important next step for electric transportation: sustainable fast charging stations next to Dutch highway gas stations, where electric cars get fully charged in 30 minutes using solar energy. MisterGreen aims at developing a smart-grid solution – the energy needed for fast-charging is available via energy storage buffer batteries. There will be no peak energy demands on the classic energy grid as these batteries serve as energy buffer. The storage buffer batteries are charged using solar panels. A lack of available solar power can be supplemented by power from the grid. Mistergreen will realize and manage a nationwide network of fast charging stations at the best locations in the Netherlands. Concessions for twenty highway locations throughout the Netherlands have been obtained until 2027. The fast charging stations will be realized next to gas stations along the highway in the Netherlands. Intergrated solar panels for onsite electricity generation will charge the batteries of the charging station. Both the battery storage and grid power provide for fast charging the EV. The battery storage pack will serve as a load-balancing power source and has smart grid functionalities. At these highway fast charging stations, drivers can fill up their car with sustainable solar energy in less than 30 minutes.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 50 2:00.00 Leiden, Leiden, Netherlands

Under Construction

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Quick Charging EV's Powered by the Sun (Hoogblokland A27)

The market for electric vehicles (EV) is preparing for rapid growth in the coming years. All major car manufacturers have announced to launch an electric vehicle. The Dutch market is expected to expand to 15,000-20,000 EVs in 2013, and 1,000,000 EVs in 2025. The ambition of the Dutch government is to have 200,000 electric vehicles on the road by 2020, and a continued growth to a mature market of 1 million vehicles by 2025. For scaling up the number of electric vehicles, a charging infrastructure with 500 fast charging points is essential. However, anxiety regarding range and finding charging stations can be a major concern for EV drivers; this range anxiety can be alleviated with the availability of fast charging stations at central locations, where a car gets fully charged within 30 minutes. The availability of fast charging stations plays a major role in the acceptance by a broad group of consumers. An important technical challenge related to electric vehicles is the effect of charging on the classic energy grid. Moreover, the classic energy grid is not suited for fast charging of EVs, as this is accompanied by very high peaks in energy demand. Innovative solutions should be developed to overcome this problem. MisterGreen aims at developing an important next step for electric transportation: sustainable fast charging stations next to Dutch highway gas stations, where electric cars get fully charged in 30 minutes using solar energy. MisterGreen aims at developing a smart-grid solution – the energy needed for fast-charging is available via energy storage buffer batteries. There will be no peak energy demands on the classic energy grid as these batteries serve as energy buffer. The storage buffer batteries are charged using solar panels. A lack of available solar power can be supplemented by power from the grid. Mistergreen will realize and manage a nationwide network of fast charging stations at the best locations in the Netherlands. Concessions for twenty highway locations throughout the Netherlands have been obtained until 2027. The fast charging stations will be realized next to gas stations along the highway in the Netherlands. Intergrated solar panels for onsite electricity generation will charge the batteries of the charging station. Both the battery storage and grid power provide for fast charging the EV. The battery storage pack will serve as a load-balancing power source and has smart grid functionalities. At these highway fast charging stations, drivers can fill up their car with sustainable solar energy in less than 30 minutes.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 50 2:00.00 Hoogblokland , Hoogblokland , Netherlands

Under Construction

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Quick Charging EV's Powered by the Sun (Ketelbrug A6)

The market for electric vehicles (EV) is preparing for rapid growth in the coming years. All major car manufacturers have announced to launch an electric vehicle. The Dutch market is expected to expand to 15,000-20,000 EVs in 2013, and 1,000,000 EVs in 2025. The ambition of the Dutch government is to have 200,000 electric vehicles on the road by 2020, and a continued growth to a mature market of 1 million vehicles by 2025. For scaling up the number of electric vehicles, a charging infrastructure with 500 fast charging points is essential. However, anxiety regarding range and finding charging stations can be a major concern for EV drivers; this range anxiety can be alleviated with the availability of fast charging stations at central locations, where a car gets fully charged within 30 minutes. The availability of fast charging stations plays a major role in the acceptance by a broad group of consumers. An important technical challenge related to electric vehicles is the effect of charging on the classic energy grid. Moreover, the classic energy grid is not suited for fast charging of EVs, as this is accompanied by very high peaks in energy demand. Innovative solutions should be developed to overcome this problem. MisterGreen aims at developing an important next step for electric transportation: sustainable fast charging stations next to Dutch highway gas stations, where electric cars get fully charged in 30 minutes using solar energy. MisterGreen aims at developing a smart-grid solution – the energy needed for fast-charging is available via energy storage buffer batteries. There will be no peak energy demands on the classic energy grid as these batteries serve as energy buffer. The storage buffer batteries are charged using solar panels. A lack of available solar power can be supplemented by power from the grid. Mistergreen will realize and manage a nationwide network of fast charging stations at the best locations in the Netherlands. Concessions for twenty highway locations throughout the Netherlands have been obtained until 2027. The fast charging stations will be realized next to gas stations along the highway in the Netherlands. Intergrated solar panels for onsite electricity generation will charge the batteries of the charging station. Both the battery storage and grid power provide for fast charging the EV. The battery storage pack will serve as a load-balancing power source and has smart grid functionalities. At these highway fast charging stations, drivers can fill up their car with sustainable solar energy in less than 30 minutes.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 50 2:00.00 Ketelbrug A6, Emmeloord, Land, Netherlands

Under Construction

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Quick Charging EV's Powered by the Sun (Afsluitdijk A7)

The market for electric vehicles (EV) is preparing for rapid growth in the coming years. All major car manufacturers have announced to launch an electric vehicle. The Dutch market is expected to expand to 15,000-20,000 EVs in 2013, and 1,000,000 EVs in 2025. The ambition of the Dutch government is to have 200,000 electric vehicles on the road by 2020, and a continued growth to a mature market of 1 million vehicles by 2025. For scaling up the number of electric vehicles, a charging infrastructure with 500 fast charging points is essential. However, anxiety regarding range and finding charging stations can be a major concern for EV drivers; this range anxiety can be alleviated with the availability of fast charging stations at central locations, where a car gets fully charged within 30 minutes. The availability of fast charging stations plays a major role in the acceptance by a broad group of consumers. An important technical challenge related to electric vehicles is the effect of charging on the classic energy grid. Moreover, the classic energy grid is not suited for fast charging of EVs, as this is accompanied by very high peaks in energy demand. Innovative solutions should be developed to overcome this problem. MisterGreen aims at developing an important next step for electric transportation: sustainable fast charging stations next to Dutch highway gas stations, where electric cars get fully charged in 30 minutes using solar energy. MisterGreen aims at developing a smart-grid solution – the energy needed for fast-charging is available via energy storage buffer batteries. There will be no peak energy demands on the classic energy grid as these batteries serve as energy buffer. The storage buffer batteries are charged using solar panels. A lack of available solar power can be supplemented by power from the grid. Mistergreen will realize and manage a nationwide network of fast charging stations at the best locations in the Netherlands. Concessions for twenty highway locations throughout the Netherlands have been obtained until 2027. The fast charging stations will be realized next to gas stations along the highway in the Netherlands. Intergrated solar panels for onsite electricity generation will charge the batteries of the charging station. Both the battery storage and grid power provide for fast charging the EV. The battery storage pack will serve as a load-balancing power source and has smart grid functionalities. At these highway fast charging stations, drivers can fill up their car with sustainable solar energy in less than 30 minutes.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 50 2:00.00 Afsluitdijk, Gelderland, Netherlands

Under Construction

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Quick Charging EV's Powered by the Sun (Geldermalsen A2)

The market for electric vehicles (EV) is preparing for rapid growth in the coming years. All major car manufacturers have announced to launch an electric vehicle. The Dutch market is expected to expand to 15,000-20,000 EVs in 2013, and 1,000,000 EVs in 2025. The ambition of the Dutch government is to have 200,000 electric vehicles on the road by 2020, and a continued growth to a mature market of 1 million vehicles by 2025. For scaling up the number of electric vehicles, a charging infrastructure with 500 fast charging points is essential. However, anxiety regarding range and finding charging stations can be a major concern for EV drivers; this range anxiety can be alleviated with the availability of fast charging stations at central locations, where a car gets fully charged within 30 minutes. The availability of fast charging stations plays a major role in the acceptance by a broad group of consumers. An important technical challenge related to electric vehicles is the effect of charging on the classic energy grid. Moreover, the classic energy grid is not suited for fast charging of EVs, as this is accompanied by very high peaks in energy demand. Innovative solutions should be developed to overcome this problem. MisterGreen aims at developing an important next step for electric transportation: sustainable fast charging stations next to Dutch highway gas stations, where electric cars get fully charged in 30 minutes using solar energy. MisterGreen aims at developing a smart-grid solution – the energy needed for fast-charging is available via energy storage buffer batteries. There will be no peak energy demands on the classic energy grid as these batteries serve as energy buffer. The storage buffer batteries are charged using solar panels. A lack of available solar power can be supplemented by power from the grid. Mistergreen will realize and manage a nationwide network of fast charging stations at the best locations in the Netherlands. Concessions for twenty highway locations throughout the Netherlands have been obtained until 2027. The fast charging stations will be realized next to gas stations along the highway in the Netherlands. Intergrated solar panels for onsite electricity generation will charge the batteries of the charging station. Both the battery storage and grid power provide for fast charging the EV. The battery storage pack will serve as a load-balancing power source and has smart grid functionalities. At these highway fast charging stations, drivers can fill up their car with sustainable solar energy in less than 30 minutes.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 50 2:00.00 Geldermalsen, Geldermalsen, Netherlands

Under Construction

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Quick Charging EV's Powered by the Sun (Ridderkerk A15)

The market for electric vehicles (EV) is preparing for rapid growth in the coming years. All major car manufacturers have announced to launch an electric vehicle. The Dutch market is expected to expand to 15,000-20,000 EVs in 2013, and 1,000,000 EVs in 2025. The ambition of the Dutch government is to have 200,000 electric vehicles on the road by 2020, and a continued growth to a mature market of 1 million vehicles by 2025. For scaling up the number of electric vehicles, a charging infrastructure with 500 fast charging points is essential. However, anxiety regarding range and finding charging stations can be a major concern for EV drivers; this range anxiety can be alleviated with the availability of fast charging stations at central locations, where a car gets fully charged within 30 minutes. The availability of fast charging stations plays a major role in the acceptance by a broad group of consumers. An important technical challenge related to electric vehicles is the effect of charging on the classic energy grid. Moreover, the classic energy grid is not suited for fast charging of EVs, as this is accompanied by very high peaks in energy demand. Innovative solutions should be developed to overcome this problem. MisterGreen aims at developing an important next step for electric transportation: sustainable fast charging stations next to Dutch highway gas stations, where electric cars get fully charged in 30 minutes using solar energy. MisterGreen aims at developing a smart-grid solution – the energy needed for fast-charging is available via energy storage buffer batteries. There will be no peak energy demands on the classic energy grid as these batteries serve as energy buffer. The storage buffer batteries are charged using solar panels. A lack of available solar power can be supplemented by power from the grid. Mistergreen will realize and manage a nationwide network of fast charging stations at the best locations in the Netherlands. Concessions for twenty highway locations throughout the Netherlands have been obtained until 2027. The fast charging stations will be realized next to gas stations along the highway in the Netherlands. Intergrated solar panels for onsite electricity generation will charge the batteries of the charging station. Both the battery storage and grid power provide for fast charging the EV. The battery storage pack will serve as a load-balancing power source and has smart grid functionalities. At these highway fast charging stations, drivers can fill up their car with sustainable solar energy in less than 30 minutes.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 50 2:00.00 Ridderkerk, Ridderkerk, Netherlands

Under Construction

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Quick Charging EV's Powered by the Sun (Heemskerk A9)

The market for electric vehicles (EV) is preparing for rapid growth in the coming years. All major car manufacturers have announced to launch an electric vehicle. The Dutch market is expected to expand to 15,000-20,000 EVs in 2013, and 1,000,000 EVs in 2025. The ambition of the Dutch government is to have 200,000 electric vehicles on the road by 2020, and a continued growth to a mature market of 1 million vehicles by 2025. For scaling up the number of electric vehicles, a charging infrastructure with 500 fast charging points is essential. However, anxiety regarding range and finding charging stations can be a major concern for EV drivers; this range anxiety can be alleviated with the availability of fast charging stations at central locations, where a car gets fully charged within 30 minutes. The availability of fast charging stations plays a major role in the acceptance by a broad group of consumers. An important technical challenge related to electric vehicles is the effect of charging on the classic energy grid. Moreover, the classic energy grid is not suited for fast charging of EVs, as this is accompanied by very high peaks in energy demand. Innovative solutions should be developed to overcome this problem. MisterGreen aims at developing an important next step for electric transportation: sustainable fast charging stations next to Dutch highway gas stations, where electric cars get fully charged in 30 minutes using solar energy. MisterGreen aims at developing a smart-grid solution – the energy needed for fast-charging is available via energy storage buffer batteries. There will be no peak energy demands on the classic energy grid as these batteries serve as energy buffer. The storage buffer batteries are charged using solar panels. A lack of available solar power can be supplemented by power from the grid. Mistergreen will realize and manage a nationwide network of fast charging stations at the best locations in the Netherlands. Concessions for twenty highway locations throughout the Netherlands have been obtained until 2027. The fast charging stations will be realized next to gas stations along the highway in the Netherlands. Intergrated solar panels for onsite electricity generation will charge the batteries of the charging station. Both the battery storage and grid power provide for fast charging the EV. The battery storage pack will serve as a load-balancing power source and has smart grid functionalities. At these highway fast charging stations, drivers can fill up their car with sustainable solar energy in less than 30 minutes.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 50 2:00.00 Heemskerk, Heemskerk, Netherlands

Under Construction

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Quick Charging EV's Powered by the Sun (Zaandam A8)

The market for electric vehicles (EV) is preparing for rapid growth in the coming years. All major car manufacturers have announced to launch an electric vehicle. The Dutch market is expected to expand to 15,000-20,000 EVs in 2013, and 1,000,000 EVs in 2025. The ambition of the Dutch government is to have 200,000 electric vehicles on the road by 2020, and a continued growth to a mature market of 1 million vehicles by 2025. For scaling up the number of electric vehicles, a charging infrastructure with 500 fast charging points is essential. However, anxiety regarding range and finding charging stations can be a major concern for EV drivers; this range anxiety can be alleviated with the availability of fast charging stations at central locations, where a car gets fully charged within 30 minutes. The availability of fast charging stations plays a major role in the acceptance by a broad group of consumers. An important technical challenge related to electric vehicles is the effect of charging on the classic energy grid. Moreover, the classic energy grid is not suited for fast charging of EVs, as this is accompanied by very high peaks in energy demand. Innovative solutions should be developed to overcome this problem. MisterGreen aims at developing an important next step for electric transportation: sustainable fast charging stations next to Dutch highway gas stations, where electric cars get fully charged in 30 minutes using solar energy. MisterGreen aims at developing a smart-grid solution – the energy needed for fast-charging is available via energy storage buffer batteries. There will be no peak energy demands on the classic energy grid as these batteries serve as energy buffer. The storage buffer batteries are charged using solar panels. A lack of available solar power can be supplemented by power from the grid. Mistergreen will realize and manage a nationwide network of fast charging stations at the best locations in the Netherlands. Concessions for twenty highway locations throughout the Netherlands have been obtained until 2027. The fast charging stations will be realized next to gas stations along the highway in the Netherlands. Intergrated solar panels for onsite electricity generation will charge the batteries of the charging station. Both the battery storage and grid power provide for fast charging the EV. The battery storage pack will serve as a load-balancing power source and has smart grid functionalities. At these highway fast charging stations, drivers can fill up their car with sustainable solar energy in less than 30 minutes.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 50 2:00.00 Zaandam, Zaandam, Netherlands

Under Construction

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Quick Charging EV's Powered by the Sun (Bunnik A12)

The market for electric vehicles (EV) is preparing for rapid growth in the coming years. All major car manufacturers have announced to launch an electric vehicle. The Dutch market is expected to expand to 15,000-20,000 EVs in 2013, and 1,000,000 EVs in 2025. The ambition of the Dutch government is to have 200,000 electric vehicles on the road by 2020, and a continued growth to a mature market of 1 million vehicles by 2025. For scaling up the number of electric vehicles, a charging infrastructure with 500 fast charging points is essential. However, anxiety regarding range and finding charging stations can be a major concern for EV drivers; this range anxiety can be alleviated with the availability of fast charging stations at central locations, where a car gets fully charged within 30 minutes. The availability of fast charging stations plays a major role in the acceptance by a broad group of consumers. An important technical challenge related to electric vehicles is the effect of charging on the classic energy grid. Moreover, the classic energy grid is not suited for fast charging of EVs, as this is accompanied by very high peaks in energy demand. Innovative solutions should be developed to overcome this problem. MisterGreen aims at developing an important next step for electric transportation: sustainable fast charging stations next to Dutch highway gas stations, where electric cars get fully charged in 30 minutes using solar energy. MisterGreen aims at developing a smart-grid solution – the energy needed for fast-charging is available via energy storage buffer batteries. There will be no peak energy demands on the classic energy grid as these batteries serve as energy buffer. The storage buffer batteries are charged using solar panels. A lack of available solar power can be supplemented by power from the grid. Mistergreen will realize and manage a nationwide network of fast charging stations at the best locations in the Netherlands. Concessions for twenty highway locations throughout the Netherlands have been obtained until 2027. The fast charging stations will be realized next to gas stations along the highway in the Netherlands. Intergrated solar panels for onsite electricity generation will charge the batteries of the charging station. Both the battery storage and grid power provide for fast charging the EV. The battery storage pack will serve as a load-balancing power source and has smart grid functionalities. At these highway fast charging stations, drivers can fill up their car with sustainable solar energy in less than 30 minutes.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 50 2:00.00 Bunnik, Bunnik, Netherlands

Under Construction

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Quick Charging EV's Powered by the Sun (Woerden A12)

The market for electric vehicles (EV) is preparing for rapid growth in the coming years. All major car manufacturers have announced to launch an electric vehicle. The Dutch market is expected to expand to 15,000-20,000 EVs in 2013, and 1,000,000 EVs in 2025. The ambition of the Dutch government is to have 200,000 electric vehicles on the road by 2020, and a continued growth to a mature market of 1 million vehicles by 2025. For scaling up the number of electric vehicles, a charging infrastructure with 500 fast charging points is essential. However, anxiety regarding range and finding charging stations can be a major concern for EV drivers; this range anxiety can be alleviated with the availability of fast charging stations at central locations, where a car gets fully charged within 30 minutes. The availability of fast charging stations plays a major role in the acceptance by a broad group of consumers. An important technical challenge related to electric vehicles is the effect of charging on the classic energy grid. Moreover, the classic energy grid is not suited for fast charging of EVs, as this is accompanied by very high peaks in energy demand. Innovative solutions should be developed to overcome this problem. MisterGreen aims at developing an important next step for electric transportation: sustainable fast charging stations next to Dutch highway gas stations, where electric cars get fully charged in 30 minutes using solar energy. MisterGreen aims at developing a smart-grid solution – the energy needed for fast-charging is available via energy storage buffer batteries. There will be no peak energy demands on the classic energy grid as these batteries serve as energy buffer. The storage buffer batteries are charged using solar panels. A lack of available solar power can be supplemented by power from the grid. Mistergreen will realize and manage a nationwide network of fast charging stations at the best locations in the Netherlands. Concessions for twenty highway locations throughout the Netherlands have been obtained until 2027. The fast charging stations will be realized next to gas stations along the highway in the Netherlands. Intergrated solar panels for onsite electricity generation will charge the batteries of the charging station. Both the battery storage and grid power provide for fast charging the EV. The battery storage pack will serve as a load-balancing power source and has smart grid functionalities. At these highway fast charging stations, drivers can fill up their car with sustainable solar energy in less than 30 minutes.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 50 2:00.00 Woerden, Woerden, Netherlands

Under Construction

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Quick Charging EV's Powered by the Sun (Beesd A2)

The market for electric vehicles (EV) is preparing for rapid growth in the coming years. All major car manufacturers have announced to launch an electric vehicle. The Dutch market is expected to expand to 15,000-20,000 EVs in 2013, and 1,000,000 EVs in 2025. The ambition of the Dutch government is to have 200,000 electric vehicles on the road by 2020, and a continued growth to a mature market of 1 million vehicles by 2025. For scaling up the number of electric vehicles, a charging infrastructure with 500 fast charging points is essential. However, anxiety regarding range and finding charging stations can be a major concern for EV drivers; this range anxiety can be alleviated with the availability of fast charging stations at central locations, where a car gets fully charged within 30 minutes. The availability of fast charging stations plays a major role in the acceptance by a broad group of consumers. An important technical challenge related to electric vehicles is the effect of charging on the classic energy grid. Moreover, the classic energy grid is not suited for fast charging of EVs, as this is accompanied by very high peaks in energy demand. Innovative solutions should be developed to overcome this problem. MisterGreen aims at developing an important next step for electric transportation: sustainable fast charging stations next to Dutch highway gas stations, where electric cars get fully charged in 30 minutes using solar energy. MisterGreen aims at developing a smart-grid solution – the energy needed for fast-charging is available via energy storage buffer batteries. There will be no peak energy demands on the classic energy grid as these batteries serve as energy buffer. The storage buffer batteries are charged using solar panels. A lack of available solar power can be supplemented by power from the grid. Mistergreen will realize and manage a nationwide network of fast charging stations at the best locations in the Netherlands. Concessions for twenty highway locations throughout the Netherlands have been obtained until 2027. The fast charging stations will be realized next to gas stations along the highway in the Netherlands. Intergrated solar panels for onsite electricity generation will charge the batteries of the charging station. Both the battery storage and grid power provide for fast charging the EV. The battery storage pack will serve as a load-balancing power source and has smart grid functionalities. At these highway fast charging stations, drivers can fill up their car with sustainable solar energy in less than 30 minutes.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 50 2:00.00 Beesd, Beesd, Netherlands

Under Construction

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Quick Charging EV's Powered by the Sun (Delft A13)

The market for electric vehicles (EV) is preparing for rapid growth in the coming years. All major car manufacturers have announced to launch an electric vehicle. The Dutch market is expected to expand to 15,000-20,000 EVs in 2013, and 1,000,000 EVs in 2025. The ambition of the Dutch government is to have 200,000 electric vehicles on the road by 2020, and a continued growth to a mature market of 1 million vehicles by 2025. For scaling up the number of electric vehicles, a charging infrastructure with 500 fast charging points is essential. However, anxiety regarding range and finding charging stations can be a major concern for EV drivers; this range anxiety can be alleviated with the availability of fast charging stations at central locations, where a car gets fully charged within 30 minutes. The availability of fast charging stations plays a major role in the acceptance by a broad group of consumers. An important technical challenge related to electric vehicles is the effect of charging on the classic energy grid. Moreover, the classic energy grid is not suited for fast charging of EVs, as this is accompanied by very high peaks in energy demand. Innovative solutions should be developed to overcome this problem. MisterGreen aims at developing an important next step for electric transportation: sustainable fast charging stations next to Dutch highway gas stations, where electric cars get fully charged in 30 minutes using solar energy. MisterGreen aims at developing a smart-grid solution – the energy needed for fast-charging is available via energy storage buffer batteries. There will be no peak energy demands on the classic energy grid as these batteries serve as energy buffer. The storage buffer batteries are charged using solar panels. A lack of available solar power can be supplemented by power from the grid. Mistergreen will realize and manage a nationwide network of fast charging stations at the best locations in the Netherlands. Concessions for twenty highway locations throughout the Netherlands have been obtained until 2027. The fast charging stations will be realized next to gas stations along the highway in the Netherlands. Intergrated solar panels for onsite electricity generation will charge the batteries of the charging station. Both the battery storage and grid power provide for fast charging the EV. The battery storage pack will serve as a load-balancing power source and has smart grid functionalities. At these highway fast charging stations, drivers can fill up their car with sustainable solar energy in less than 30 minutes.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 50 2:00.00 Delft, Delft, Netherlands

Under Construction

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Smart City Malaga (MT)

As part of the Smart City Malaga project, there is a block of power storage modules connected to a MV network as backup. This project aims to prove the benefits of power storage in the daily performance of the Network.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 106 1:00.00 Malaga, Andalucia, Spain

Operational

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Quick Charging EV's Powered by the Sun (Breukelen)

The market for electric vehicles (EV) is preparing for rapid growth in the coming years. All major car manufacturers have announced to launch an electric vehicle. The Dutch market is expected to expand to 15,000-20,000 EVs in 2013, and 1,000,000 EVs in 2025. The ambition of the Dutch government is to have 200,000 electric vehicles on the road by 2020, and a continued growth to a mature market of 1 million vehicles by 2025. For scaling up the number of electric vehicles, a charging infrastructure with 500 fast charging points is essential. However, anxiety regarding range and finding charging stations can be a major concern for EV drivers; this range anxiety can be alleviated with the availability of fast charging stations at central locations, where a car gets fully charged within 30 minutes. The availability of fast charging stations plays a major role in the acceptance by a broad group of consumers. An important technical challenge related to electric vehicles is the effect of charging on the classic energy grid. Moreover, the classic energy grid is not suited for fast charging of EVs, as this is accompanied by very high peaks in energy demand. Innovative solutions should be developed to overcome this problem. MisterGreen aims at developing an important next step for electric transportation: sustainable fast charging stations next to Dutch highway gas stations, where electric cars get fully charged in 30 minutes using solar energy. MisterGreen aims at developing a smart-grid solution – the energy needed for fast-charging is available via energy storage buffer batteries. There will be no peak energy demands on the classic energy grid as these batteries serve as energy buffer. The storage buffer batteries are charged using solar panels. A lack of available solar power can be supplemented by power from the grid. Mistergreen will realize and manage a nationwide network of fast charging stations at the best locations in the Netherlands. Concessions for twenty highway locations throughout the Netherlands have been obtained until 2027. The fast charging stations will be realized next to gas stations along the highway in the Netherlands. Intergrated solar panels for onsite electricity generation will charge the batteries of the charging station. Both the battery storage and grid power provide for fast charging the EV. The battery storage pack will serve as a load-balancing power source and has smart grid functionalities. At these highway fast charging stations, drivers can fill up their car with sustainable solar energy in less than 30 minutes. Haarrijn, the largest petrol station in Europe located centrally in the Netherlands will be the first demonstration/pilot location of the EV fast charging station.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 50 2:00.00 Rijksweg A2 bij Breukelen, Breukelen, Utrecht, Netherlands

Under Construction

Changsha 10MW/20MWh BESS

Relying on the advanced Fe battery technology, BYD ESS technology uses a modular, flexible design and can be easily tailored to meet a diverse set of customer needs. Up to now, BYD has a lot of successful cases of battery storage solutions from KW sized to MW sized system at home and abroad.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 10,000 2:00.00 Changsha, Hunan, China

Announced

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5kWh LiFePO4 DIY ESS

Residential Energy Storage System Local Storage of Solar or/and Wind 5kWh of Capacity LiFePO4 Lithium-ion Batteries Fully Automatic Peak Shaving Capacity Shifting Forced Charge Mode to allow Charging at night rate (TOU) from the grid

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 2 2:00.00 Paris, Ile de France, France

Operational

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Peak Shaving Battery at BMW Technology

BMW of North America has installed a Battery Storage system at its Technology Office in Mountain View. It consists of a 100 kW demand response inverter and a 30kWh lithium iron phosphate battery housed in a shipping container. The system will be used as a research tool to explore several applications for Energy Storage Systems. These applications include Peak Demand Shaving, Photo-Voltaic Energy Storage, DC Fast Charging of an Electric Vehicle and service as an Uninterruptable Power Supply for power outages. The next step in the project is to install a 100 kW solar array on the building.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 100 0:20.00 2606 Bayshore Parkway, Mountain View, California 94043, United States

Operational

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DC/AC Hybrid Control System for Smart Building

Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Tohoku University has been selected for the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry 2011 New Industries Creative Technology Development Cost Subsidy (Research and development business for the creation of new industries through IT fusion Preparing and IT fusion consortium base for industry, academia and government)), and the construction of a Smart Building DC/AC hybrid control system is advancing at the main building of this graduate course, in an attempt to develop technology that will serve as a base for realizing a smart community network, and to provide various next-generation services, such as visualized portal sites, car sharing services and energy accommodation between buildings.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 48 1:12.00 Sendai-shi, Miyagi, Japan

Operational

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McAlpine Energy Storage System

200 kW / 500 kWh BYD LiFePO4 system used for both energy shifting and renewable smoothing of an adjacent 50 kW solar farm.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 200 2:30.00 Charlotte, North Carolina 28277, United States

Operational

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Zhangbei National Wind and Solar Energy Storage and Transmission Demonstration Project (IV) 张北风光储输示范项目一期工程-4

The Zhangbei National Wind and Solar Energy Storage and Transmission Demonstration Project will eventually grow to include 500 MW of installed wind capacity, 100 MW of installed solar PV capacity and 110 MW of energy storage with an overall investment of 12 billion RMB (1.89 billion USD). The project currently includes a total of 14MW of lithium-ion batteries and a vanadium redox flow battery: (I) 6MW/36MWh Lithium Iron Phosphate batteries (BYD Auto) (II) 4MW/16MWh Lithium-ion batteries (Amperex Technology Limited (ATL)) (III) 3MW/9MWh Lithium-ion batteries (China Aviation Lithium Battery Co., Ltd.) (IV) 1MW/2MWh Lithium-ion batteries (Wanxiang Group) (V) 2MW/8MWh Vanadium Redox Flow Battery (Prudent Energy) Note: The 5 National Wind and Solar Energy Storage and Transmission Demonstration Project entries in the DOE Energy Storage Database correspond to the 4 lithium-ion battery systems and 1 vanadium redox flow battery system. Original plans to include 4MW of sodium sulfur batteries have been delayed over safety concerns. Energy storage applications include wind solar and other renewable energy integration, frequency regulation and voltage support. The project is focused on using battery energy storage to enable interactive management of the electric power grid.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 3,000 3:00.00 Zhangbei, Hebei, China

Operational

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Zhangbei National Wind and Solar Energy Storage and Transmission Demonstration Project (III) (张北风光储输示范项目一期工程-3)

The Zhangbei National Wind and Solar Energy Storage and Transmission Demonstration Project will eventually grow to include 500 MW of installed wind capacity, 100 MW of installed solar PV capacity and 110 MW of energy storage with an overall investment of 12 billion RMB (1.89 billion USD). The project currently includes a total of 14MW of lithium-ion batteries and a vanadium redox flow battery: (I) 6MW/36MWh Lithium Iron Phosphate batteries (BYD Auto) (II) 4MW/16MWh Lithium-ion batteries (Amperex Technology Limited (ATL)) (III) 3MW/9MWh Lithium-ion batteries (China Aviation Lithium Battery Co., Ltd.) (IV) 1MW/2MWh Lithium-ion batteries (Wanxiang Group) (V) 2MW/8MWh Vanadium Redox Flow Battery (Prudent Energy) Note: The 5 National Wind and Solar Energy Storage and Transmission Demonstration Project entries in the DOE Energy Storage Database correspond to the 4 lithium-ion battery systems and 1 vanadium redox flow battery system. Original plans to include 4MW of sodium sulfur batteries have been delayed over safety concerns. Energy storage applications include wind solar and other renewable energy integration, frequency regulation and voltage support. The project is focused on using battery energy storage to enable interactive management of the electric power grid.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 1,000 2:00.00 Zhangbei, Hebei, China

Operational

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Zhangbei National Wind and Solar Energy Storage and Transmission Demonstration Project (I) (张北风光储输示范项目一期工程-1)

The Zhangbei National Wind and Solar Energy Storage and Transmission Demonstration Project will eventually grow to include 500 MW of installed wind capacity, 100 MW of installed solar PV capacity and 110 MW of energy storage with an overall investment of 12 billion RMB (1.89 billion USD). The project currently includes a total of 14MW of lithium-ion batteries and a vanadium redox flow battery: (I) 6MW/36MWh Lithium Iron Phosphate batteries (BYD Auto) (II) 4MW/16MWh Lithium-ion batteries (Amperex Technology Limited (ATL)) (III) 3MW/9MWh Lithium-ion batteries (China Aviation Lithium Battery Co., Ltd.) (IV) 1MW/2MWh Lithium-ion batteries (Wanxiang Group) (V) 2MW/8MWh Vanadium Redox Flow Battery (Prudent Energy) Note: The 5 National Wind and Solar Energy Storage and Transmission Demonstration Project entries in the DOE Energy Storage Database correspond to the 4 lithium-ion battery systems and 1 vanadium redox flow battery system. Original plans to include 4MW of sodium sulfur batteries have been delayed over safety concerns. Energy storage applications include wind solar and other renewable energy integration, frequency regulation and voltage support. The project is focused on using battery energy storage to enable interactive management of the electric power grid.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 6,000 6:00.00 Zhangbei, Hebei, China

Operational

Fujian China Electric Power Research Institute Mobile Energy Storage Station II

In October 2011, the Fujian Electric Power Research Institute began plans to develop a mobile energy storage prototype project consisting of (I) two sets of 125kW/250kWh battery systems and (II) one 125kW/375kWh hour battery system. This energy storage unit will provide peak electricity for 10 to 15 commercial electricity consumers in the tea production industry. When Anxi is not producing tea, the system is moved to Fuan to meet peak electricity demands for manufacturing of white tea.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 125 3:00.00 Anxi, Fujian, China

Operational

Fujian Electric Power Research Institute Mobile Energy Storage Station I

In October 2011, the Fujian Electric Power Research Institute began plans to develop a mobile energy storage prototype project consisting of (I) two sets of 125kW/250kWh battery systems and (II) one 125kW/375kWh hour battery system. This energy storage unit will provide peak electricity for 10 to 15 commercial electricity consumers in the tea production industry. When Anxi is not producing tea, the system is moved to Fuan to meet peak electricity demands for manufacturing of white tea.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 250 2:00.00 Anxi, Fujian, China

Operational

Greensmith-Boston Power Li-ion Energy Storage System

The battery unit is one of several that are being tested by EPRI at its Power Delivery & Utilization (PDU) Lab in Knoxville, TN. The system, along with the other Distributed Energy Storage Systems (DESS's), was installed in early/mid 2011 and has since been operating under various stages of testing against EPRI’s DESS test protocol.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 25 0:30.00 Knoxville, Tennessee, United States

Operational

Beckett Energy Systems Li-ion Energy Storage System Demonstration

The battery unit is one of several that are being tested by EPRI at its Power Delivery & Utilization (PDU) Lab in Knoxville, TN. The system, along with the other Distributed Energy Storage Systems (DESS's), was installed in early/mid 2011 and has since been operating under various stages of testing against EPRI’s DESS test protocol.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 25 0:30.00 Knoxville, Tennessee, United States

Operational

Greensmith-International Battery Li-ion Energy Storage System Demonstration

The battery unit is one of several that are being tested by EPRI at its Power Delivery & Utilization (PDU) Lab in Knoxville, TN. The system, along with the other Distributed Energy Storage Systems (DESS's), was installed in early/mid 2011 and has since been operating under various stages of testing against EPRI’s DESS test protocol.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 50 1:40.00 Knoxville, Tennessee, United States

Operational

NEC Li-ion Energy Storage System Demonstration

The battery unit is one of several that are being tested by EPRI at its Power Delivery & Utilization (PDU) Lab in Knoxville, TN. The system, along with the other Distributed Energy Storage Systems (DESS's), was installed in early/mid 2011 and has since been operating under various stages of testing against EPRI’s DESS test protocol.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 25 1:55.00 Knoxville, Tennessee, United States

Operational

Disney California Adventure

In May of 2011, Disney installed a 12,000 ton-hr chilled-water thermal energy storage tank to reduce on-peak electricity demand.

Chilled Water Thermal Storage 2,000 4:00.00 1313 Disneyland Dr., Anaheim, California 92802, United States

Operational

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UCI Microgrid: Thermal Storage

As part of a campus micro-grid, UC Irvine installed a 4.5 million gallon chilled water thermal storage unit to service an average cooling load of 74,400 ton‐hours per day. The unit delivers 60,000 ton-hours of thermal storage, significantly reducing peak demand on campus.

Chilled Water Thermal Storage 6,590 8:00.00 Central Plant, Irvine, California 92617, United States

Operational

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Thermal Storage at San Antonio International Airport

In 1982, the San Antonio Airport contracted Natgun Corporation to construct a 0.5 MG thermal energy storage (TES) tank for the purpose of saving energy costs, and also to defer the capital expenditures associated with adding additional chiller plant equipment. The tank was originally designed for a maximum of 4,500 ton-hours of useable thermal energy storage capacity. The exterior of the tank is insulated to prevent heat loss.

Chilled Water Thermal Storage 422 8:00.00 9800 Airport Blvd, San Antonio, Texas 78216, United States

Operational

American Online Data Center

AOL started constructing a Thermal Energy Storage (TES) tank rated at 4,350 ton-hours to service their data center in 2006. center. The data center which operates 24 hours each day could not afford the consequences that would result if their chilled water cooling system were to experience downtime. This TES tank was designed to provide back-up cooling for the central plant in the event that the chillers experience unexpected downtime. The tank was specified to be capable of storing enough chilled water equal to the peak cooling load for the facility for a period of two hours.

Chilled Water Thermal Storage 1,500 2:00.00 Chantilly, Virginia, United States

Operational

Federal Government Facility Chilled Water TES

In 2007, a 0.11 MG TES tank was added to an existing closed-loop, chilled water cooling system that serves several multi-story buildings at this campus. The TES tank gives the Federal Government facility the flexibility to operate their chilled water cooling system more cost effectively.

Chilled Water Thermal Storage 274 2:30.00 Quantico, Virginia, United States

Operational

Texas Instruments Manufacturing Plant

In 1989, (a large semi-conductor chip manufacturer) contracted Natgun Corporation to construct a partially buried 2.7 MG, 24,500 ton-hr thermal energy storage (TES) tank for the purpose of saving energy costs by taking advantage of the time-of-use electric rates. The TES system was designed to shift the electric load of the chillers and associated cooling equipment from the on-peak periods (daytime), to the off-peak periods (night time). Then in 1993, (this same large semi-conductor chip manufacturer) contracted Natgun to construct a second TES tank. This second tank was much larger (5.2 MG and rated at 48,730 ton-hrs) and was constructed fully buried beneath a parking lot. The TES Tanks serving the facilities of this large semi-conductor manufacturer in Dallas, TX area have been in operation for decades providing numerous benefits to the owner including: energy cost savings, plants and reliability in the form of spare cooling capacity for the chilled water system during periods of planned and unplanned downtime of the central plant equipment.

Chilled Water Thermal Storage 6,400 8:00.00 Dallas, Texas, United States

Operational

University of Texas Pan-Am

In 2002, the University of Texas – Pan American contracted Natgun Corporation to construct a 1.07 MG, 10,000 ton-hr thermal energy storage tank (TES) for the purpose of saving energy costs, and to provide back-up cooling in the event of unplanned downtime of their chillers. The TES system was designed to shift the electric load of the chillers from on-peak periods (daytime) to off-peak periods (night time).

Chilled Water Thermal Storage 875 8:00.00 1201 W University Dr., Edinburg, Texas 78539, United States

Operational

Geisinger Health System

As a part of a major expansion at their hospital campus in Danville, PA, Geisinger Health System built a new central chilled water plant to serve the district cooling requirements for their campus. The tank, which came online in 2009, is rated at 8000 ton-hrs of TES. This TES tank provides the facilities management staff at Geisinger with the ability to operate their district cooling system more efficiently by allowing the chillers to operate during night-time and off-peak hours instead of during the peak electric period during the daytime.

Chilled Water Thermal Storage 700 8:00.00 100 North Academy Avenue, Danville, Pennsylvania 17822, United States

Operational

Lackland Air Force Base

Siemens Building Technologies, a leading Energy Services Company (ESCO), selected Natgun to build a 792,000 gallon Thermal Energy Storage tank rated at 6600 ton-hours of TES at Lackland AFB near San Antonio, TX. Through a design-build performance contract, Siemens Building Technologies provided the base with several utility savings and infrastructure improvements that included adding a TES tank to one of the closed loop chilled water distribution systems at the base. The TES tank provides the energy management staff at Lackland AFB the flexibility to operate their chilled water cooling system more efficiently by allowing the chillers to operate during night-time and off-peak hours instead of during the afternoon, the hottest part of day.

Chilled Water Thermal Storage 580 8:00.00 1030 Reese, San Antonio, Texas 78299, United States

Operational

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VA Medical Center

The Dallas, Texas Veterans Administration (VA) Medical Center was the first VA medical facility in the nation to use thermal energy storage technology to reduce operating costs. A partnership with Texas Utilities Electric Company (TU Electric) made implementing this technology possible. The Medical Center now shifts a significant portion of its energy demand away from the peak cost period to a lower cost period. Supporting this technology benefits the utility because it relieves pressure to construct new, increasingly more costly power plants. Shifting a large energy demand away from the peak period enables the utility to maximize its generating plants. Thus it saves money for both the customer and the utility.

Chilled Water Thermal Storage 2,300 8:00.00 4500 South Lancaster Road, Dallas, Texas 75216, United States

Operational

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University of Central Florida

Chilled water thermal energy storage system that is integrated into the existing district cooling system for the university. Please contact Guy Frankenfield at DN Tanks to obtain a copy of the case study.

Chilled Water Thermal Storage 3,000 8:00.00 4000 Central Florida Blvd., Orlando, Florida, United States

Operational

Cache Creek Casino

The Trane-Northern CA team developed an energy savings project for the Cache Creek Casino Resort in Brooks, CA. Trane selected Natgun to build an energy cost savings 1,370,000 gallon concrete Thermal Energy Storage (TES) tank that Trane would integrate into the existing chilled water district cooling system at the resort. This TES system would allow the resort engineers to shift 900 KW of electric load from the peak electric period to the off-peak period. In addition, this TES system would reduce the energy consumption associated with the daily chilled water generation at the complex.

Chilled Water Thermal Storage 1,300 6:00.00 14455 California 16, Brooks, California 95606, United States

Operational

Fort Collins Utilities Four Cities Smart Grid Development Project - CSU Site

The project will address the research, development, and demonstration of a coordinated and integrated system of 3.5 MW of mixed distributed resources in Fort Collins, Colorado to achieve a 20-30 percent peak load reduction on two distribution feeders. These two feeders serve the planned FortZED Jump Start Zone (Ft. Collins Zero Energy District, in which the district creates as much thermal and electrical energy locally as it uses). This project will modernize and transform the electrical distribution system of the City of Fort Collins by reducing distribution feeder peak loads, increasing the penetration of renewables, and delivering improved efficiency and reliability to the grid and resource asset owners. Fort Collins is well positioned to successfully complete this project due to 1) the unique combination of world-class research facilities at Colorado State University, 2) participation of global industry leaders and local entrepreneurs able to commercialize the technology, 3) the City of Fort Collins’ focus on and investments in clean energy as a key pillar of future growth, and 4) the presence of a city-owned utility and extensive community support. As a small portion of this project, thermal storage will be installed at the following sites: Site 1: New Belgium Brewing -- deploys new 200-kW PV arrays with AE inverters; a 292-kW methane-based Gauscor CHP; a 650-kW CAT 3508C methane-based CHP; a 135-kW new thermal storage; and a 160-kW load shedding potentials. Site 2: City of Fort Collins Facilities -- deploys a 500-kW conventional generator with Woodward controls and Eaton switchgear; a 92-kW thermal storage; a 5-kW PV array; a 62-kW HVAC and DSM; and 2x10kW Ford Escapes (PHEVs). Site 3: Colorado State University - deploys an 80-kW thermal storage; an 80-kW fan variable speed drives; a 21.6-kW water fountain pumps; a 3.6-kW hot water heater controls; a 6-kW daylight control, and a 950-kW conventional gensets with Woodward controls and Eaton switchgear.

Ice Thermal Storage 80 6:00.00 501 University Drive, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523, United States

Operational

Fort Collins Utilities Four Cities Smart Grid Development Project - Facilities Site

The project will address the research, development, and demonstration of a coordinated and integrated system of 3.5 MW of mixed distributed resources in Fort Collins, Colorado to achieve a 20-30 percent peak load reduction on two distribution feeders. These two feeders serve the planned FortZED Jump Start Zone (Ft. Collins Zero Energy District, in which the district creates as much thermal and electrical energy locally as it uses). This project will modernize and transform the electrical distribution system of the City of Fort Collins by reducing distribution feeder peak loads, increasing the penetration of renewables, and delivering improved efficiency and reliability to the grid and resource asset owners. Fort Collins is well positioned to successfully complete this project due to 1) the unique combination of world-class research facilities at Colorado State University, 2) participation of global industry leaders and local entrepreneurs able to commercialize the technology, 3) the City of Fort Collins’ focus on and investments in clean energy as a key pillar of future growth, and 4) the presence of a city-owned utility and extensive community support. As a small portion of this project, thermal storage will be installed at the following sites: Site 1: New Belgium Brewing -- deploys new 200-kW PV arrays with AE inverters; a 292-kW methane-based Gauscor CHP; a 650-kW CAT 3508C methane-based CHP; a 135-kW new thermal storage; and a 160-kW load shedding potentials. Site 2: City of Fort Collins Facilities -- deploys a 500-kW conventional generator with Woodward controls and Eaton switchgear; a 92-kW thermal storage; a 5-kW PV array; a 62-kW HVAC and DSM; and 2x10kW Ford Escapes (PHEVs). Site 3: Colorado State University - deploys an 80-kW thermal storage; an 80-kW fan variable speed drives; a 21.6-kW water fountain pumps; a 3.6-kW hot water heater controls; a 6-kW daylight control, and a 950-kW conventional gensets with Woodward controls and Eaton switchgear.

Ice Thermal Storage 92 6:00.00 Fort Collins, Colorado, United States

Operational

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The State of North Carolina

2.68 million gallon, chilled water, Thermal Energy Storage tank. Built partially buried and serving the district cooling system for 25 state government buildings.

Chilled Water Thermal Storage 2,590 8:00.00 Salsbury St. , Raleigh, North Carolina 27601, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 200 Devereaux Way

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 10 6:00.00 200 Devereaux Way, St Charles, Illinois 60174, United States

Operational

Green Mountain Power Ice Energy Project 2

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 10 6:00.00 47 Merchants Row, Rutland, Vermont 05701, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 35053 Rancho California Road

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 60 6:00.00 35053 Rancho California Road , Temecula, California 92592, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 35960 Rancho California

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 210 6:00.00 35960 Rancho California, Temecula, California 92591, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 2800 Park Marina Dr

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 20 6:00.00 2800 Park Marina Dr , Redding, California 96001, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 895 Browning St

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 20 6:00.00 895 Browning St , Redding, California 96003, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 122 West St

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 20 6:00.00 122 West St, Rutland, California, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 4451 Caterpillar Rd

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 20 6:00.00 4451 Caterpillar Rd , Redding, California 96003, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 1350 Hartnell Ave

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 30 6:00.00 1350 Hartnell Ave , Redding, California 96002, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 481 E Cypress Ave

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 30 6:00.00 481 E Cypress Ave , Redding, California 96002, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 1774 California St

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 20 6:00.00 1774 California St , Redding, California 96001, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 1920 California St

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 30 6:00.00 1920 California St , Redding, California 96001, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 1135 Pine St

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 40 6:00.00 1135 Pine St , Redding, California 96001, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 1540 Charles Dr Ste B

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 10 6:00.00 1540 Charles Dr Ste B, Redding, California 96003, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 30 Lake Blvd

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 40 6:00.00 30 Lake Blvd , Redding, California 96003, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 280 Hartnell Ave

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 20 6:00.00 280 Hartnell Ave , Redding, California 96002, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 100 Lake Blvd

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 20 6:00.00 100 Lake Blvd , Redding, California 96003, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 2680 Radio Ln

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 170 6:00.00 2680 Radio Ln , Redding, California 96001, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 2010 Churn Creek Rd

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 20 6:00.00 2010 Churn Creek Rd , Redding, California 96002, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 950 Twin View Blvd

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 20 6:00.00 950 Twin View Blvd, Redding, California 96003, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 1894 Churn Creek Rd

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 120 6:00.00 1894 Churn Creek Rd , Redding, California 96002, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 2143 Hilltop Dr

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 20 6:00.00 2143 Hilltop Dr , Redding, California 96002, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 7211 S. 16TH ST

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 10 6:00.00 7211 S. 16TH ST, Phoenix, Arizona 85040, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 2131 Hilltop Dr

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 10 6:00.00 2131 Hilltop Dr , Redding, California 96002, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 2155 Hilltop Dr Ste A

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 10 6:00.00 2155 Hilltop Dr Ste A, Redding, California 96002, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 348 Boston Post Road

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 10 6:00.00 348 Boston Post Road, Orange, Connecticut 06477, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 1200 W Ogden Ave

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 10 6:00.00 1200 W Ogden Avenue, Naperville, Illinois 60563, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 385 Boston Post Road

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 10 6:00.00 385 Boston Post Road, Orange, Connecticut 06477, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 27110 Eucalyptus Ave ste E

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 10 6:00.00 27110 Eucalyptus Ave ste E, Moreno Valley, California 92555, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 27130 Eucalyptus Ave Ste D

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning –typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 20 6:00.00 27130 Eucalyptus Ave Ste D, Moreno Valley, California 92555, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 27200 Eucalyptus Ave

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 20 6:00.00 27200 Eucalyptus Ave, Moreno Valley, California 92555, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 27120 Eucalyptus Ave Ste B

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 20 6:00.00 27120 Eucalyptus Ave Ste B, Moreno Valley, California 92555, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 27140 Eucalyptus Ave Suite A

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 10 6:00.00 27140 Eucalyptus Ave Suite A, Moreno Valley, California 92555, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 20th Street West

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 10 6:00.00 20th Street West, Lancaster, California 93534, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 1228 West Ave I

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 10 6:00.00 1228 West Ave I, Lancaster, California 93534, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 10661 Business Dr.

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 20 6:00.00 10661 Business Dr., Fontana, California 92337, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 1028 Central St.

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 10 6:00.00 1028 Central St., Evanston, Illinois 60201, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 33317 Santiago Road

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 10 6:00.00 33317 Santiago Road, Lancaster, California 93510, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 701 E. Foothill Blvd

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 120 6:00.00 701 E. Foothill Blvd, Azusa, California 91702, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 901 E Alosta Ave

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 120 6:00.00 901 E Alosta Ave, Azusa, California 91702, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 164 W. Magnolia

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 10 6:00.00 164 W. Magnolia, Burbank, California 91502, United States

Operational

Ice Energy project at 729 North Dalton Ave.

Ice Energy’s flagship Ice Bear system enables a powerful change in how – and more importantly when – energy is consumed for air conditioning. The Ice Bear system is an intelligent distributed energy storage solution that works in conjunction with commercial direct-expansion (DX) air-conditioning systems, specifically the refrigerant-based, 4-20-ton packaged rooftop systems common to most small to mid-sized commercial buildings. The system stores energy at night, when electricity generation is cleaner, more efficient and less expensive, and delivers that energy during the peak of the day to provide cooling to the building. Daytime energy demand from air conditioning – typically 40-50% of a building’s electricity use during peak daytime hours – can be reduced significantly. In kilowatts, each Ice Bear delivers an average reduction of 12 kW of source equivalent peak demand for a minimum of 6 hours daily, shifting 72 kW-hours of on-peak energy to off-peak hours. Ice Bear units are typically owned by utilities and installed at distributed locations behind the customer meter on commercial and industrial sites. When aggregated and deployed at scale, a typical utility deployment will shift the operation of thousands of commercial AC condensing units from on-peak periods to off-peak periods, reducing electric system demand, improving electric system load factor, reducing electric system costs, and improving overall electric system efficiency and power quality.

Ice Thermal Storage 40 6:00.00 729 North Dalton Ave., Azusa, California 91702, United States

Operational

1500 Walnut

1500 Walnut was originally supposed to replace an ineffective cooling system. Ice storage was justified by reduced demand charges. As caps came off in PA, the demand charges were reduced and demand savings became hard to find. Tozour Energy and Viridity came in to modify the system to change the system to operate optimally as a virtual generator changing the controls to focus the entire building electrical systems, including the IceBank energy storage, to be able to transparently shed load upon a call from the electrical grid (PJM). 1500 Walnut currently participates in the PJM Capacity Market and also the PJM Economic Energy Market. Dependent on the equipment responsiveness and controllability of 1500 Walnut, the project could be considered for PJM Ancillary markets – Synch Reserve and/or Regulation in upcoming contracts.

Ice Thermal Storage 210 6:00.00 1500 Walnut Street,, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19102, United States

Operational

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ConEdison Interoperability of Demand Response Resources: Thermal

The purpose of this project is to demonstrate techniques to enhance the ability of conventional and renewable demand response resources to be integrated into the operations of an electric delivery company. Interoperability will be demonstrated by integrating the operations of a demand response service provider, a large multi-facility retail customer and an electric delivery company. Phase 1 of the project demonstrated the potential to achieve the project objectives. This is Phase 2, which includes design, procurement and installation of:equipment: (1) to modify the demand response command center to enable integration of the operations of multiple demand response resources; (2) to enable auto-response at multiple retail electric customer facilities from the demand response command center; (3) to evaluate the technical feasability of distributed generators at retail electric customer sites to operate in parallel with an electric distribution network and inject power into the network; (4) to reduce NOx emissions and demonstate the cost-effectiveness of clean distributed generation; and (5) demonstrate that an ice storage plant at a retail customer site will reduce energy costs while reducing energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. In addition this ice storage plant will demonstrate its ability to cost-effectively supply system regulation and support power system stability. 10,000 cooling tons of ice.

Ice Thermal Storage 1,000 10:00.00 140 West St., New York, New York 10003-3502, United States

Operational

SCPPA Thermal Energy Storage Program

The Southern California Public Power Authority (SCPPA) has entered into an agreement with Ice Energy to purchase up to 53MW of peak load shifting (PLS)capacity with the installation of Ice Bear Thermal Energy Storage (TES) equipment on behalf of SCPPA's 12 publicly owned utility members as well as other municipal utilities (participants) in the region. This could be the largest deployment of Ice Bears and provides participants an ability to achieve Utility-scale peak demand reduction and shifting of air conditioner load, while also providing valued efficiency improvements for individual commercial and industrial (C/I) customers - without sacrificing customer comfort. To date, 7 members and 2 other POUs have installed approximately 2.5MW of TES capacity in more than 200 customer's facilities. These installations have provided participants new opportunities to work with C/I customers in partnership to help them cost-effectively reduce peak demand and shift energy usage to the off-peak period. In addition, the SCPPA agreement with Ice Energy requires that local engineers and HVAC contractors be used for the design and installation processes and that supplies and materials be acquired locally, to the greatest extent possible to provide local and regional economic development opportunities in the communities served by the participants. In essence, participants are purchasing and installing the Ice Bears and related equipment with little or no monetary contribution from the customers. This business model is considered to be optimal, particularly for initial deployment, because utilities are the recipients of the most value or benefits from the PLS technology. That is, while customers may see reduced on-peak usage, unless they are on TOU rates, there may not be much (if any) reduction in their bill and energy savings from the TES. However there are significant operational, economic, and environmental benefits inherent with peak load shifting that are achieved by electric utilities who implement energy storage programs including, but not limited to: avoidance on-peak generation, operation and/or construction; improved load factor and "flattening" of load curves; reducing minimum load conditions and assimilation of intermittent renewable resources that also might be delivered off-peak; and reducing or removing constraints on overloaded distribution circuits or feeders to help defer or avoid capital intensive system improvements.

Ice Thermal Storage 2,427 6:00.00 1160 Nicole Court, Glendora, California, United States

Operational

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CLPCCD - Utility Infrastructure Project

This project was undertaken by the Chabot-Los Positas Community College District (CLPCCD) to resolve several campus-wide issues including spiraling energy costs and demand charges, aging and deteriorating mechanical systems, the need for a central plant with centralized and industrial grade equipment, and the need to achieve a more sustainable campus focused on energy and CO2 reduction. Southland Industries (SI) provided design-build services, acted as prime contractor and self-performed 81% of the work for a $37M energy upgrade consisting of two new energy efficient thermal ice storage plants with chilled and hot water underground loop piping for the Chabot and Las Positas Community College campuses. This was a large and complex project with the added challenge of working on active college campuses in buildings that were over 40 years old and significant underground utility work without building drawings. Each site used used new high efficiency hot water boilers, high efficiency chillers, CALMAC ice storage tanks and cooling towers located in a new central plant yard. The project included installation of 60,000 lineal feet of underground mains, new IT conduit feeds updating phone and data systems, and natural gas and domestic water to all buildings.

Ice Thermal Storage 890 4:40.00 25555 Hesperian Blvd, Hayward, California 94545, United States

Operational

Shell Point Retirement Village

The Shell Point Retirement Village utilizes three 1,200-ton centrifugal chillers to provide chilled water during off-peak hours and three 1,200/920-ton ice-making chillers for use during off-peak hours. There is 1,640,806 sqft of conditioned space from both The Island and the new Woodlands facilities. When the central plant loses power, (during a hurricane for instance) there is enough onsite generating capacity to run pumps required to use stored ice for cooling for 24 hr.

Ice Thermal Storage 4,800 6:00.00 15071 Shell Point Blvd, Fort Myers, Florida 33908, United States

Operational

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Nordstrom, Inc

The Nordstrom department store is producing 43 tons of ice every night in thermal energy storage tanks on top of its Honolulu department store. The stored ice is then used to cool the store and save energy during the day. In Hawaii where energy costs are some of the highest in the U.S., Nordstrom is a better community partner by not pulling electricity off the grid during high peak hours (daytime). Nordstrom approaches resource conservation in a way that focuses on energy efficiency, responsible water use, forest conservation and greenhouse gas reduction.

Ice Thermal Storage 1,200 6:00.00 1450 Ala Moana Blvd, Honolulu, Hawaii 96814, United States

Operational

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CALMAC Centex Building

The building consists of 176,384 rentable sq ft plus a parking garage of 180,000 sq ft. While utilizing many energy-saving features from lighting to insulation, a key part of the building’s efficiency is attributable to its cooling system. By combining thermal energy storage (14 Ice Bank tanks) with a Trane screw-type water-cooled chiller, the building’s peak electrical load is significantly reduced. The advantage of thermal energy storage is that it shifts electrical usage to inexpensive off-peak hours. * This installation is no longer being utilized regularly, only in 'emergency' situations.

Ice Thermal Storage 205 6:00.00 Dallas, Texas, United States

Offline/Under Repair

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Park Marina Building

The new Park Marina building, housing the Social Security Administration, needed efficient, sustainable HVAC systems. The Imperial Group development company teamed with architect Nichols Melburg & Rossetto, Redding Electric Utility (REU), Trane, Ice Energy and Timberline Heating and Air to install eleven Ice Bear® energy storage units, each coupled with a Trane high-efficiency Precedent™ rooftop air conditioner. The energy storage system helps to reduce ratepayer costs by shifting the air conditioning load to nighttime when energy costs are less and the compressors run more efficiently.

Ice Thermal Storage 132 6:00.00 2155 Park Marina Drive, Redding, California 96001, United States

Operational

Encinitas Civic Center

As part of a energy retrofit for the City of Encinitas’ Civic Center, designers and engineers considered several eco-minded options that would reduce the center’s energy consumption while lowering costs — and then employed them all. Installing photovoltaic panels on the building’s rooftop was considered and incorporated. So were skylights and light tubes. But perhaps the pièce de résistance is a thermal energy storage solution that keeps the building cool using hardly any electricity during the day. Thermal energy storage works at night by temporarily storing energy — in this case in the form of ice — in large IceBank® storage tanks so the energy can be used during peak energy demand periods. The project is LEED Silver CERTIFIED, recipient of the AEE 2009 Renewable Energy Project of the Year and the system has earned a San Diego Energy Efficiency award.

Ice Thermal Storage 75 6:00.00 1140 Oakcrest Park Dr., Encinitas, California 92024, United States

Operational

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Ice Energy Storage at Staples Retailer

Staples installed Ice Bear distributed energy storage units at its Howell, NJ retail outlet in 2008. It is a representative single-story Staples retail store cooled by a 60-ton array of Lennox high efficiency units. The Ice Bear system supplements a commercial building’s AC unit by using more efficient, lower cost off-peak energy at night to make ice. The ice produced cools the building – rather than the AC unit’s compressor – during the warmest daytime peak hours.

Ice Thermal Storage 38 4:40.00 4514 U.S. 9, Howell, New Jersey 07731, United States

Operational

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Ice Energy Manufacturing Facility Project

Combining Northern Colorado’s hot, dry summers with FiberLok’s temperature-sensitive manufacturing process was yielding some truly challenging numbers for the company. Whenever the outside temperature topped 95 degrees, temperatures in the plant’s process area would exceed tolerance, and humidity would drop below acceptable levels. This resulted in lost production time and increased product-return costs. FiberLok adopted a night-shift-only summer schedule, adding $20,000 in overtime costs to a $11,000 monthly utility bill. All the while, the company continued to search for a solution that wouldn't increase its peak energy load, didn't require extra equipment to keep the relative humidity within acceptable levels, and wouldn’t necessitate excessive modification to the building’s existing air ducting. FiberLok installed two Ice Bear energy storage systems from Ice Energy to address these issues.

Ice Thermal Storage 24 6:00.00 811 Stockton Avenue, Fort Collins, Colorado 80524, United States

Operational

South Austin Recreational Center Distributed Energy Storage Pilot

In conjunction with Austin Energy, Ice Energy has completed the installation of an Ice Bear distributed energy storage project at the South Austin Recreational Center, located in South-Central Austin.

Ice Thermal Storage 15 4:40.00 1100 Cumberland Road, Austin, Texas 78704, United States

Operational

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Ice Energy Big Box Retailer Project

A national retail chain embraced the opportunity for one of its new flagship Las Vegas-area stores to participate in an energy storage pilot program sponsored by local utility Nevada Power (NV Energy) that offered the no-cost installation of two Ice Bear energy storage units. Of the fifteen air-conditioning units on the store’s roof top, the Ice Bear systems were connected to two Carrier Weathermaster high-efficiency 4-ton and 5-ton units. Providing an alternative to traditional demand response programs as a solution for reducing peak demand, Ice Bear storage technology shifts energy consumption from daytime hours to night-time hours – peak to off-peak. In the process, it drastically reduces peak electricity use and shrinks the environmental footprint for buildings like this one — all without any operational or behavioral change. The extreme desert heat conditions, which normally degrade an AC system’s operation, had no effect on the energy storage units. The hotter the temperature, the better the Ice Bear unit’s relative performance. The data concluded that the Ice Bears delivered 15-20 % greater cooling efficiency than a typical roof top AC unit during peak hours while using a fraction of peak electricity.

Ice Thermal Storage 38 4:40.00 Las Vegas, Nevada, United States

Operational

Fort Collins Utilities Four Cities Smart Grid Development Project- New Belgium Brewery Site

The project will address the research, development, and demonstration of a coordinated and integrated system of 3.5 MW of mixed distributed resources in Fort Collins, Colorado to achieve a 20-30 percent peak load reduction on two distribution feeders. These two feeders serve the planned FortZED Jump Start Zone (Ft. Collins Zero Energy District, in which the district creates as much thermal and electrical energy locally as it uses). This project will modernize and transform the electrical distribution system of the City of Fort Collins by reducing distribution feeder peak loads, increasing the penetration of renewables, and delivering improved efficiency and reliability to the grid and resource asset owners. Fort Collins is well positioned to successfully complete this project due to 1) the unique combination of world-class research facilities at Colorado State University, 2) participation of global industry leaders and local entrepreneurs able to commercialize the technology, 3) the City of Fort Collins’ focus on and investments in clean energy as a key pillar of future growth, and 4) the presence of a city-owned utility and extensive community support. As a small portion of this project, thermal storage will be installed at the following sites: Site 1: New Belgium Brewing -- deploys new 200-kW PV arrays with AE inverters; a 292-kW methane-based Gauscor CHP; a 650-kW CAT 3508C methane-based CHP; a 135-kW new thermal storage; and a 160-kW load shedding potentials. Site 2: City of Fort Collins Facilities -- deploys a 500-kW conventional generator with Woodward controls and Eaton switchgear; a 92-kW thermal storage; a 5-kW PV array; a 62-kW HVAC and DSM; and 2x10kW Ford Escapes (PHEVs). Site 3: Colorado State University - deploys an 80-kW thermal storage; an 80-kW fan variable speed drives; a 21.6-kW water fountain pumps; a 3.6-kW hot water heater controls; a 6-kW daylight control, and a 950-kW conventional gensets with Woodward controls and Eaton switchgear.

Ice Thermal Storage 135 6:00.00 500 Linden St, Fort Collins, Colorado, United States

Operational

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JC Penney Headquarters

One of the largest thermal energy storage systems in the world; LEED Gold certified. The system offsets the peak demands of electrical use by making ice each night to cool the building the following day.

Ice Thermal Storage 4,425 12:00.00 6501 Legacy Drive, Plano, Texas 75301, United States

Operational

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Nissan Technical Center North America Inc

This is an owner-occupied office and technical center. The Ice Thermal Storage System provides load shifting to the owner-occupied office and technical center. On most days while the building is occupied (peak hours), the building can run solely off of the ice system. However, there are certain peak summer days (roughly 30% of the time) when a chiller is run in in series with the storage system to meet the total building demand.

Ice Thermal Storage 1,425 16:00.00 Farmington Hills, Michigan 48331, United States

Operational

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Redding Electric Utilities - Peak Capacity, Demand Response, HVAC Replacement Program Phase 2

Ice Energy and REU will collaborate on the second phase. The program to install Ice Bear® units within the northern California territory aims to reduce peak electricity load demand by up to 6 MW over five years. REU expects to have the thermal energy storage program completed in 2017. Skyway Machine, a local Redding manufacturing company, will provide final assembly of the new Ice Bear units.

Ice Thermal Storage 6,000 2:00.00 Redding, California, United States

Contracted

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O-I World Headquarters

O-I World Headquarters has a 400 ton peak cooling load. This building is an owner occupied office building with a LEED Silver certification.

Ice Thermal Storage 250 12:00.00 Perrysburg, Ohio 43551, United States

Operational

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Fossil Ridge High School

Fossil Ridge High School is 60% more efficient than a comparable building. This school won a first place ASHRAE Technology Award- in the New Institutional Category, is certified LEED Silver and received an ENERGY STAR Rating of 94. In the school year (July 1, 2010-June 30, 2011) FRHS performed at 6.6 kWh/SF/Yr. and 41.1 kBtu/SF/Yr. (natural gas and electric).

Ice Thermal Storage 200 8:00.00 5400 Ziegler Road, Fort Collins, Colorado 80528, United States

Operational

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Mission City Office Complex

Energy storage tanks in the basement of the parking structure meet the peak cooling loads of 3 office towers from 6am to 6pm during the work week in the summer, charging from 10PM-6AM (Off-peak) 5 days/week. In the winter, the cooling loads are lower so the energy storage tanks meet the cooling requirements often for up to a week without recharging.

Ice Thermal Storage 500 7:00.00 2365 Northside Drive, San Diego, California 92108, United States

Operational

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EPCC Thermal Storage: Valle Verde

As the fastest growing community college in Texas, El Paso Community College (EPCC) needed to meet the needs of an increasing student population and the third highest electric utility rates in the nation. The college turned to energy-efficient solutions including 89 energy storage tanks which they installed at 3 different campus locations. After a few years, the payback was so significant for the Valle Verde campus that the college converted the entire plant to full ice storage versus partial ice storage. This allowed the campus to be completely cooled by ice storage during peak demand, saving an additional 25 percent in utility costs or more than $145,000 dollars per year. There are now 62 units at Valle Verde.

Ice Thermal Storage 930 8:00.00 919 Hunter Drive, El Paso, Texas 79925, United States

Operational

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El Capitan

El Capitan was named LA BOMA Building of the Year in 1999. It is across from the Kodak Theatre on Hollywood's "Walk of Fame". A chiller and series of energy storage tanks are on the roof of the building and meet all of the cooling load during the peak times of the utility. The installation was part of a major retrofit project in 1997 and 1998. It yielded a 25 percent reduction in annual energy costs, saving the building management approximately $23,000 in utility costs each year. Additionally, building management has incrementally increased the number of hours the building relies on for energy storage, stabilizing energy costs as new tenants move into the building.

Ice Thermal Storage 150 6:00.00 6834 Hollywood Boulevard, Los Angeles, California 90028, United States

Operational

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University of Arizona

The university placed three separate orders for energy storage tanks and they were added to two of their three existing central plants in 2004, 2006 and 2007. There are 205 tanks total at the two plants.

Ice Thermal Storage 3,000 6:00.00 1339 E. Helen Street, Tucson, Arizona 85717, United States

Operational

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Duquesne University

Duquesne University is a landlocked but growing university in the heart of Pittsburgh. The Power Center, a new LEED project, was to be added to the central cooling plant upon completion. Additionally, the AJ Palumbo Center HVAC cooling systems were going to be replaced in the near future so additional cooling capacity was needed. Room for an additional cooling tower was hard to come by so it was decided to use the existing cooling tower capacity that was available at night. So an ice making chiller and 6000 tn hours of energy storage were installed to the existing cooling plant. The University is now very cooling diverse as it is able to cool with nighttime and or daytime grid energy using electric chillers, or cool using absorption chillers fired with waste heat or natural gas, or cool with energy storage made and stored off peak. Additionally, the university has a combined heat and power generation system that, when combined with energy storage and absorption cooling opens up many demand response opportunities. The load shed results have been favorable under the Duquesne ACT 129 Demand Response Events that were issued through June 2012. This was done by reducing the electric chiller(s) operation under peak load management parameters.

Ice Thermal Storage 600 6:00.00 600 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15282, United States

Operational

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St. Kilian Parish and School

Ice Storage is charged at night using low cost electricity with a smaller - right sized air cooled chiller. The stored cooling can then be discharged when cooling loads are high, electric demand is high, or in response to a demand response event.

Ice Thermal Storage 100 6:00.00 7076 Franklin Road, Cranberry Township, Pennsylvania 16066, United States

Operational

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Bethel Park High School

Energy storage allows Bethel Park HS a lower connected load to the grid while allowing the cooling system to capture and store efficient low cost energy for use during high demand and high cost periods. This $73 million dollar 326,000 sq.ft. high school came in 18% under projected costs yet still earned a Green Globes Level 3 designation which is similar to LEED Gold in efficiency. The project was designed by Weber Murphy Fox Architects, the Hayes Design Group and Tower Engineering. IceBank energy storage was used which allowed a reduction of the electric chiller size to almost half while increasing efficiency and reducing operating costs. A conventional cooling design would have required 830 tons of chiller to provide cooling during peak times. Instead 432 tons of electric cooling was installed and 2250 net usable tn hours of storage resulting in an average demand reduction of 375 kW.

Ice Thermal Storage 375 6:00.00 309 Church Road, Bethel Park, Pennsylvania 15102, United States

Operational

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Glendale Water and Power - Peak Capacity Project

Glendale Water and Power’s (GWP) Ice Bear project installed Ice Thermal Energy storage units at 28 Glendale city buildings and 58 local small, medium sized, and large commercial businesses. The project was supported by local trade companies and created approximately 40 jobs during the 1 year installation process. A total of 180 Ice Bear units have been installed in Glendale since the program’s inception. The turnkey system costs $2170/kW.

Ice Thermal Storage 1,500 6:00.00 Glendale, California, United States

Operational

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Southern California Edison - HVAC Optimization Program with energy storage

Southern California Edison partnered with Ice Energy to create a rebate program of $1800/kW for businesses to install the Ice Bear system at their commercial locations. The systems reduce peak HVAC energy demand significantly, meaning lower electricity consumption overall.

Ice Thermal Storage 750 6:00.00 Rosemead , California, United States

Operational

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Redding Electric Utilities - Peak Capacity, Demand Response, HVAC Replacement Program

Ice Energy installed 1MW of Ice Bear Thermal Energy Storage Assets to assist Redding Electric Utility avoid procurement of high cost summer peak energy by shifting air conditioning load permanently to the night time hours when energy is more abundant and lower cost. The turnkey system costs $2170/kW.

Ice Thermal Storage 1,000 6:00.00 Redding, California, United States

Operational

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Ice Energy Toronto Zoo Storage Project

Ice Energy's Ice Bear systems provides energy time shifting services to various commercial locaitons near Toronto, Canada. The system reduces peak air conditioning load by up to 95%, and is a demonstration project to possibly be implemented across Toronto.

Ice Thermal Storage 15 4:40.00 361A Old Finch Avenue, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Operational

SOPRA WUR Farm

Alfen recently developed the Sustainable Off-grid Power Station for Rural Applications (SOPRA) which provides for autonomous energy grids at locations where this was not previously feasible. The basic solution comprises a number of transformers, a battery pack and an advanced regulating system for the batteries, which is very mobile. The solution can therefore be used anywhere in the world. The system pays for itself within only a few years, as it replaces the expenditure on conventional energy sources such as oil and candles. Thanks to these savings in fuel costs, a SOPRA system is the ideal solution for even the poorest of countries. The use of Lithium-ion batteries makes the SOPRA concept 10 times as compact as existing systems, so that the storage technology for approximately 10,000 users fits in a single 20 foot container. The choice for this type of battery also gives the system a long working life, while the batteries can be simply recycled. The system works using solar energy, wind energy or water energy, but also with conventional energy sources as backup. The great advantage is that the sustainably generated energy is stored in the battery pack, rather than being lost. Due to various management and communication systems being integrated in the SOPRA concept, users can pay in a number of ways, consumption can be regulated and the system can be remote controlled. Alfen supplies the SOPRA concept on a turnkey basis, including the sustainable energy generation, the energy storage, the distribution network, the management and service and maintenance.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 60 2:39.00 Edelhertweg 1, Lelystad, Flevoland, Netherlands

Operational

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IntelliStore 1000 - 1MWh Power Plant Balancing Power Optimization

Energen's IntelliStore 1000 has been connected to a gas-fired electricity generator plant. With its 900 MW installed generator capacity the plant is an ideal site to use the storage device for ramping and phasing services. If idle, the plant's own electricity usage is optimized - no peak prices need to be paid.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 500 2:00.00 Verebély László u. 2, Tiszaújváros, Borsod 3580, Hungary

Operational

SOPRA HAN University

A large share of the world's population, around 30%, does not have access to a permanent or effectively functioning electricity connection. Many of these people live in remote areas where it is not technically or economic infeasible to install an electric energy supply. A good solution is to generate the electricity locally using sustainable sources which are abundant in many of the areas in question, in order to establish a local electricity grid. Alfen recently developed the SOPRA system in order to make this possible. SOPRA stands for Sustainable Off-grid Power Station for Rural Applications and provides for autonomous energy grids at locations where this was not previously feasible. The basic solution comprises a number of transformers, a battery pack and an advanced regulating system for the batteries, which is very mobile. The solution can therefore be used anywhere in the world. The system pays for itself within only a few years, as it replaces the expenditure on conventional energy sources such as oil and candles. Thanks to these savings in fuel costs, a SOPRA system is the ideal solution for even the poorest of countries. The use of Lithium-ion batteries makes the SOPRA concept 10 times as compact as existing systems, so that the storage technology for approximately 10,000 users fits in a single 20 foot container. The choice for this type of battery also gives the system a long working life, while the batteries can be simply recycled. The system works using solar energy, wind energy or water energy, but also with conventional energy sources as backup. The great advantage is that the sustainably generated energy is stored in the battery pack, rather than being lost. Due to various management and communication systems being integrated in the SOPRA concept, users can pay in a number of ways, consumption can be regulated and the system can be remote controlled. Alfen supplies the SOPRA concept on a turnkey basis, including the sustainable energy generation, the energy storage, the distribution network, the management and service and maintenance.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 60 0:50.00 Ruitenberglaan 26, Arnhem, Gelderland, Netherlands

Operational

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Vilarinho Furnas Pumped Hydro Station

EDP is currently one of the largest utility companies in Portugal with 1.3 GW of operational hydro power. EDP currently has an additional 1.4 GW under construction, a majority of which is scheduled to come online in 2015.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 125,000 1103:12.00 Assento, Portugal, Portugal

Operational

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Frades I Pumped Hydro Station

EDP is currently one of the largest utility companies in Portugal with 1.3 GW of operational hydro power. EDP currently has an additional 1.4 GW under construction, a majority of which is scheduled to come online in 2015.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 191,600 n/a Frades, Portugal, Portugal

Operational

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Foz Tua Pumped Hydro Station

EDP is currently one of the largest utility companies in Portugal with 1.3 GW of operational hydro power. EDP currently has an additional 1.4 GW under construction, a majority of which is scheduled to come online in 2015.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 259,000 n/a Alijo, Portugal, Portugal

Under Construction

Gilboa Pumped Storage Power Plant

Alstom is to supply PSP Investment with two 150MW pump-turbines for the 300MW Gilboa pumped storage power plant in Israel, in a deal worth €120m. The agreement also includes associated balance of plant equipment, Alstom’s Distributed Control System and an 18-year operation and maintenance contract. The project is Alstom’s first entry into the Israeli hydro market and will be the country’s first pumped storage power station. The power plant, which is 60km east of Haifa, will be commissioned in 2018, and will increase the country’s installed power generation capacity by 2.5%.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 300,000 n/a Haifa, Haifa, Israel

Announced

Guillena Hydroelectric Power Station

The hydraulic power Guildford is a pumping station. Such plants have a reversible operation, ie during periods of low energy demand can pump water to the upper reservoir at night when there is excess electricity production. Thus, during periods when it is necessary to produce, available water in the upper reservoir. When acting as a conventional hydraulic power, water drives turbines that generate the rotation of the alternator , and thus to generate electricity. Otherwise, the plant has a hydraulic pumps that send water to an upper reservoir for later use. In this case, the hydroelectric plant uses Guildford Gergal reservoir to store water. Such plants can be of two types, turbine and pump or reversible turbine.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 215,000 n/a Guillena, Andalucia, Spain

Operational

Ibón de Ip Hydroelectric Power Station

Spain is facing many challenges trying to integrate a large amount of renewable energy (wind and solar) into real-time dispatch of its power generation to meet electricity demand. To meet sustainable criteria for grid stability and reliability, the major utilities in Spain are looking into alternative storage projects, and especially pumped storage projects. Spain has one of the most dynamic markets for pumped storage in southern Europe with a total installed capacity of 5,350 MW in operation against a total estimated potential of 13,000 MW. Spain is slated to construct additional projects in the coming decades. One government report on renewable energy plans for 2011-2020 estimates a target installed capacity of about 6,300 MW by 2015 and 8,800 MW by 2020. Iberdrola, Gas Natural Fenosa (GNF), and Endesa are the three main utilities that are expected to undertake these developments to fulfill the government objective.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 84,000 n/a Ibón de Ip, Huesca, Aragon, Spain

Operational

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Aguieira Hydro Power Station

Portugal utility Energias de Portugal (EDP) has awarded a contract to Spanish utility Iberdrola to manage and sell electricity from EDP's 336-MW Aguieira pumped-storage project and the 24-MW Raiva hydropower plant on Portugal's Mondego River. Portugal's competition authority required EDP to assign temporarily to another operator, for five years, the right to operate and manage the 360-MW Aguieira-Raiva complex. Autoridade da Concorrencia made that a condition in 2008 when it cleared EDP to operate the 259.2-MW Alqueva and 10-MW Pedrogao hydroelectric projects and to acquire the operators of about a dozen small hydropower projects. In competition organized by EDP, Iberdrola submitted the winning bid to manage and market electricity from Aguieira-Raiva from April 1 until March 31, 2014. The Aguieira project has reversible pumping capacity of 270 MW, representing 25 percent of all pumping capacity of that type in Portugal. http://www.hydroworld.com/articles/2009/03/edp-awards-management-of-336-mw-aguieira-24-mw-raiva-to-iberdrola.html http://cnpgb.inag.pt/gr_barragens/gbingles/FichasIng/AguieirafichaIng.htm

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 336,000 116:40.00 Aguieira, Coimbra, Portugal

Operational

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Alto Rabagão Hydro Power Plant

The Alto Rabagão Dam, built in 1964 is one of the largest in Portugal and forms a large artificial lake with a rectangular format, 4 kms wide and almost 20 km long. The dams water source is provided via the Rabagão River.The dam is 94 meters high and has a water volume capacity of 1,117,000 m3.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 68,000 14310:20.00 Viade de Baixo, Pisoes, Montalegre, Portugal

Operational

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Tajo De La Encantada (Málaga) Power Plant

The Tajo De La Encantada (Málaga) Power Plant is one of the largest reversible hydroelectric power plants in Spain. The purpose of the plant is to produce electricity at peak times by releasing water from the upper reservoir.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 360,000 n/a Ardales Y Alora, Málaga, Spain

Operational

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Sfikia Pumped Hydro Power Station

The Sfikia Pumped Hydro Power Station was the first pumped-storage plant in Greece. The dam is 81m high and 220m long. Power is produced via three 105 MW FPT turbines. http://www.industcards.com/ps-europe.htm

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 315,000 n/a Sfikia-Veria, Imathia, Greece

Operational

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Thisavros Hydro Power Plant (Φράγμα Θησαυρού)

A rock-fill dam on the Nestos River in the regional unit of Drama in the northeastern portion of Greece. it is 21 km (13 mi) north of Nikiforos and 21 km (13 mi) northeast of the town of Drama. The 172 m (564 ft) high dam is the tallest in Greece. It was constructed between 1986 and 1996. The purpose of the dam is irrigation and hydroelectric power production. Its reservoirs helps irrigate 80,937 ha (200,000 acres).

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 384,000 n/a Paranesti, Drama, Greece

Operational

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Štěchovice Pumped Hydro Station

The Štěchovice Hydro Power Station was built between 1938 and 1947. The concrete dam with granite revetment is 22.5 m high and 120 m long. This waterworks includes a lock chamber, which overcomes the difference of 19.10 m between the lower and upper water levels and is unique in Europe, and also the reservoir of the pumped-storage power station Homole with a total capacity of 0.5 million m3, and two steel penstock shafts of 1.7 to 2 m diameter and length 590 m. The medium-head part of the power station with 2 Kaplan turbines with total installed capacity of 22.5 MW (2x11.25 MW) was commissioned in 1944. The pumped-storage power station was initially built between 1941 and 1947. After many years of intensive exploitation, it was shut down in 1991 and reconstructed between 1991 and 1996. Instead of two sets arranged in three stages of total capacity of 42 MW it is now equipped with a single set of a reversing Francis turbine and a motor generator, which give a total capacity of 220 MWh. The set is installed in an underground generator room built in a pit which is approximately 45 m high. The power station includes also two outdoor switching stations, 110 kV and 22 kV. Both parts of the power station are fully automatic and are controlled remotely from the Control Room of the Vltava Cascade. The Štěchovice water reservoir was built between 1938 and 1944. The concrete dam with a granite revetment is 22.5 m high and 120 m long, with five spillways with crest gates. These spillways with the capacity of 2,400 m3/s are able to handle floods as catastrophic as the one in 1890. The medium-head power station is equipped as a classic run-off-river hydroelectric power station, with two sets of Kaplan turbines. It further includes an outdoor 110 kV switching station, and outgoing and distribution transformers.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 45,000 4:53.00 Štěchovice, 252 08 Štěchovice, Czech Republic

Operational

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Okinawa Yanbaru Seawater Pumped Storage Power Station

Japan is surrounded on all sides by the sea, and its topography offers favorable conditions for constructing seawater pumped storage power stations. EPDC started the feasibility study of the project in 1987 and plans to commence operation in June 1992.CAD (Computer Aided Design) has been effectively utilized in the course of the study. An upper regulating pond of excavated type is to be made at around an elevation of 150m, approximately 600m from the shoreline. The water(27m3/s) would be conducted by a tunnel from an intake and be discharged from the outlet into the sea. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Okinawa_Yanbaru_Seawater_Pumped_Storage_Power_Station

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 30,000 n/a Kunigami, Okinawa, Japan

Operational

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Grimsel 3 Pumped Hydro Storage Power Station

The  Grimsel 3 Pump Storage Power Plant will be situated underground and uses water between the existing lakes of Oberaar and Räterichsboden.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 600,000 n/a Guttannen, Bern, Switzerland

Under Construction

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Kruonis Hydro Pumped Storage & Extension Project

A fifth hydro unit is being considered for construction in 2016 and commissioning in 2018. it would add another 250 MW capacity, bringing the total output to 1150 MW. Kruonis Pumped storage hydroelectric plant is the only hydro power plant of such type in Baltic states. After commissioning of the fourth unit in 1998, installed capacity of the plant has reached 900MW. During periods of low demand, usually at night, Kruonis PSHP is operated in pump mode, and, using cheap surplus energy, raises water from lower reservoir to upper one. With fully filled upper reservoir the plant can generate 900 MW for about 12 hours. Automatically started, the plant can reach full capacity in less than 2 min. Rapid response to demand is very important in case of emergency in the power system. Another important feature of the plant is frequency and voltage regulation capability. Operated in synchronous condenser mode with depressed water from draft tube each unit of the plant can change output of reactive power from –120 MVAr to +180 MVAr. Two frequency converters, 16 MW capacity each, are used for smooth starting in pump mode. Pump - turbine Type - Francis, reversible Diameter of runner - 6,3 m Max. capacity in a turbine mode - 225 MW Capacity in a pump mode - 225 MW Speed of rotation - 150 rpm Discharge in a turbine mode - 226 m3/s Discharge in a pump mode - 189 m3/s Rated head - 103,5 m Manufacturing plant - Sanct-Peterburg LMZ Motor - generator Type - synchronous, vertical Capacity - 248 MVA Voltage - 15,75 kV Weight - 1120 t Manufacturer - Kharkov ETM Note, the name of this project was Kaishador.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 900,000 12:00.00 Kruonis, Kaunas, Lithuania

Operational

Zelenchukskaya HPP-PSP

N/A

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 140,000 n/a Karachaevo-Cherkessia, Prikubansky, Russia

Under Construction

Prineville Pumped Storage

Pumped storage project in early feasibility stage, utilizing Prineville Reservoir as lower reservoir.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 150,000 8:12.00 Crook County, Oregon, United States

Announced

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Kubanskaya PSP

This is an open loop pumped hydro power station used by Rushydro for electricity time shift and increasing electric supply capacity.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 15,900 n/a Stavropol Krai, Prikubansky , Russia

Operational

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Malta Upper Stage Pumped Storage Power Plant

History of the Power Plant The first plans for the energy-technical utilisation of the waters at the upper end of the Malta Valley, which is known for its extremely high precipitation levels, date back to the 1930s. The decision by Österreichische Draukraftwerke AG (ÖDK) to construct the three-stage Malta power plant, however, did not follow until 1957. The power plants comprise an upper stage with Kölnbrein reservoir and Galgenbichl power house, the main stage with Galgenbichl reservoir in the upper Malta valley between Gamskarnock and Lausnock, the main stage power house in Rottau near Kolbnitz in the Möll valley as well as the lower stage with a diversion channel in the Möll valley and Möllbrücke power house in the Drau valley. Given that it had only been established for a short time, ÖDK did not, however, have the financial resources necessary to construct the Reißeck, Kreuzeck and Malta power plants at the same time. For this reason, detailed planning did not commence until 1961 following the completion of the Reißeck-Kreuzeck power plants. In 1965, the Malta-Upper Stage and Malta-Main Stage projects were approved by the water authorities. The construction work for Galgenbichl power house followed after commencement of work on the Kölnbrein Dam and the Galgenbichl reservoir. The construction warehouse was extended in April 1974 and work on the development of the construction site commenced. Machinery and equipment from the neighbouring construction site at Galgenbichl Dam were used during the construction period. The excavation work commenced in the east section of the power house, and due to the tight time schedule, continued through winter 1974/75. The work to stabilise the 40-metre cliff to the west of the power house to which parts of the building are attached proved to be a major challenge. An external firm was commissioned to supply and prepare 800 tons of twisted ribbed steel so as to save time by working parallel. In spite of weather-related delays, work on the assembly of the first machine commenced on 1 September 1975 and the assembly of the second machine followed in 1976. The power house was handed over to ÖDK on 1 September 1976. The finishing work continued until spring of the following year.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 120,000 n/a Malta Hauptstufe, Carynthia , Austria

Operational

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Roßhag Pumped Storage Power Plant

History of the Power Plant Since Roßhag power plant is located in an avalanche-prone area, it was necessary for the entire construction to be carried out with appropriately solid material, whereby the construction elements are able to withstand a pressure of 20 to 50 t/m². A total of ten deep borehole explosions had to be carried out in the excavation of the construction pit. The building is in paint-ready, in-situ concrete, supplemented by prefabricated concrete units, executed and divided into three blocks of roughly equal lengths by means of expansion joints. The roof over the machinery hall comprises prefabricated, reinforced concrete components. The uphill-facing distribution lines were embedded in a solid concrete block. Strain was nevertheless caused by the encasing in concrete of the pumps and turbine coils, as well as the firm anchoring of the building with the rock. In the surface construction, pillars were covered with concrete at intervals of some 6 m and connected via two 8 or 15 m reinforced concrete girders that lay across the operating floor. The lower girder is connected to the rock by means of high tensile bars; the upper girder serves for slope stabilisation and simultaneously forms the uphill support for the roofing slab. The flat roofs are landscaped with vegetation. The concrete surfaces have a light-coloured interior coating; the floors of the machinery hall and the upper part of the walls are clad with red clinker slabs. The closures are designed as armoured doors.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 231,000 n/a Kraftwerk Roßhag, Tyrol, Austria

Operational

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Kaprun Upper Stage Pumped Storage Power Plant

History of the Power Plant The initial planning for the power plant facilities in the Kaprun Valley date back to the "centralisation project" of the Allgemeine Elektricitätsgesellschaft (AEG) Berlin [General Power Company]. The planned pooling of all the water from the Hohe Tauern into the Kaprun Valley was interrupted due to the outbreak of the global economic crisis at the beginning of the 1930's. With Austria's annexation to the German Reich in the spring of 1938, the project was once again made a high priority and re-designed under the head of the newly founded Alpen Elektrowerke AG (AEW [Alpine Power Company]), Hermann Grengg. The new plans contemplated a two stage pumped storage power plant with an upper storage reservoir on the Mooserboden and Wasserfallboden storage lakes above the Limberg Alp. The construction work began with the construction of new and expansion of existing access roads to the construction sites, in particular to the Kapruner Winkel [Kaprun Corner], the building site of the Hauptstufe [main stage] power house, and to the Limberg Alp. When the war ended, the Hauptstufe power house and a makeshift dam on the Wasserfallboden were ready for operation. Construction of the Oberstufe [upper stage] power house could not begin, however until completion of the Limberg dam, which was to connect airside to the new structure. In the final phase of the work on the barrier, more and more attention was given to the archtectonic design of the Limberg power house. To this end, an invitation to tender was held to design of the crown of dam and powerhouse with architect Harald Bauer's design being selected. For the power house however, the third-placed architect Edith Lassmann's design was selected. The contract was awarded at the beginning of 1951 and the excavation work for the power house to be attached to the nearly completed dam began immediately thereafter. Between May and August 1951 alone, around 10,000 m³ of rock was removed from the area of the foundations for the new power house. The construction materials were transported via a tow-railway from the Bruck/Fusch station to the Kapruner Winkel and from there taken to the Limberg site with a cement cable railway. In 1953 the construction work on the main structure was completed. Construction on the stilling basin continued until June 1954 since the final form was not set until after extensive studies and model tests had been carried out by the planning department of Tauernkraftwerke AG. The first machine set was commissioned on 14 November 1954, the second on1 December 1955. Both of the Möll connecting bridge pumps in the pump cave next to the Drossensperre retaining wall followed on 28 May 1956. The barracks, equipment and auxiliary cable railway set up for the construction of the dams and power house were removed after construction was completed.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 113,000 n/a Limberg, Salzburg, Austria

Operational

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Häusling Pumped Storage Power Plant

History of the Power Plant The 35 metre deep shaft structure of the Häusling power house consists of a freestanding reinforced concrete cylinder with an outside diameter of 32.8 metres, which is founded entirely on rock. The building has no direct anchoring to the rock of the slope behind it. Hydraulic cushioning is built into the ground floor and the first floor on the mountain side to prevent any carryover of tension - a construction method that was developed based on experience gained in the construction of the Roßhag power house. The roof of the machine hall is connected to the slope by means of an anchor and gutter beam that can be walked on that can be used to channel water from the slope and roof to the drainage canal via a drop shaft. The buildings are made of coated in situ concrete using prefabricated concrete elements in the area of the roof edges. The machine hall has a concrete ribbed floor and a light coating on the inside. The floors and the lower part of the walls are equipped with a covering of red clinker panels.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 360,000 n/a Hausling, Tyrol, Austria

Operational

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Malta Main Stage Pumped Storage Power Plant

In the 1930s, Allgemeinen Elektricitätsgesellschaft (AEG) and Alpen-Elektrowerke AG (AEW) developed projects for power plants near Malta. Plans of the Österreichische Bundesbahnen followed after 1945. In 1952, Österreichische Draukraftwerke AG (ÖDK) carried out water and energy-related tests and created a plan for the utilisation of the Malta and Gößbäche with a three-stage power plant group. A dissertation written in 1956 at the technical university in Graz by Erich Magnet with the title "Winter Storage Plant Inner Maltatal-Kolbnitz" was used by Österreichische Draukraftwerke AG and proved to be very important for the development of the project. The water rights negotiations for the Malta upper stage and Malta main stage power plants took place in 1964. The approval of the water authorities was granted in 1965. Heavy protests, especially from the Austrian Society for Nature Conservation, followed when the project area lost its nature conservation status. The conservationists called for the erection of nuclear power stations as an alternative to storage power plants. The detailed planning commenced in 1971 following the positive construction decision. In addition to covering demand peaks, it was required that the power plant group Malta must, at all times, be in a position to provide reserve power for a failed nuclear power plant. The earlier-than-expected issuing of the building decision and the new requirements created major challenges for the planning and construction departments. In addition, the first machine unit for the main stage was to be commissioned two years earlier than expected on 1 December 1978. The planning was carried out, inter alia, by Construction Director Kurt Baustädter, Rudolf Mußnig, Kurt Landl, Heiner Ludescher and Georg Lichtenegger from Draukraftwerke AG. External planners, such as the civil technology company Ehß, were also engaged. The architectural work was carried out by Rudolf Nitsch from Klagenfurt. After a series of geological tests, the final location for Rottau power plant was fixed in 1973. The excavation pit reached a depth of approximately 30 metres below the valley basin and 25 metres below the groundwater level. Extensive safety measures were necessary to prevent the penetration of groundwater. The first machine unit was commissioned in Rottau power plant in late autumn 1976. The storage pumps were commissioned in summer 1978. The capacity of 730,000 kW corresponds to the capacity Zwentendorf nuclear power plant would have had.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 730,000 n/a Rottau, Carynthia , Austria

Operational

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Riedl Energy Storage Plant

With the exception of the upper reservoir situated between the suburbs of Gottsdorf and Riedl, the power plant will be built completely underground and hence not be visible from the outside. The two pump turbines, each with a capacity of 150 megawatt (MW), will be erected in a subterranean cavern at a depth of 250 metres (m) in the "Donauleiten" nature protection area. The project will contribute significantly towards strengthening the regional economy. Once engineering details and ecological assessments have been completed, approval procedures will commence in mid 2011. Once the project has been approved, as expected, construction is to begin in 2015 and commissioning is planned for 2019. Investment volume: 350 million Euro

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 300,000 n/a Untergriesbach , Bavaria, Germany

Announced

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Estany Gento/Sallente Pumped Storage Power Plant

A reversible-flow hydroelectric power station located in the municipal area of Capdella in the Catalonian Pyrenees; the first pure pumped station to be installed in Catalonia. Its total output is 415,000 kW, with a flow of 125 m³/s and a head of 400 m. The power station sits in a cavern excavated in granite slate transition terrain, measuring 80 x 40 x 20 m. It took four years to build (1981-1985) for a total cost of 46,440 million euros. http://www.copisa.com/en-us/project-gallery/prominent-works/prominents-works/estany-gento-sallente-hydroelectric-power-station.html

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 468,000 n/a Estany Gento, Capdella, Lerida, Spain

Operational

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Torrão Pumped Storage Power Plant

Torrão Pumped Storage Power Plant produces enough energy to supply the municipalities of Coimbra, Penafiel, Marco, Mesão Cold and Baiao, a total of 600,000 inhabitants.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 140,000 71:26.00 Estrada de Barragem, Marco de Canavezes, Porto, Portugal

Operational

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Dlouhé Stráně Pumped Storage Power Plant

The Dlouhé Stráně Hydroelectric Power Station is situated in Moravia, near Loučná nad Desnou in the district of Šumperk. It has the largest reversing water turbine in Europe, 325 MW; it has the largest head of all power stations in the Czech Republic, 510.7 m; and it has the largest installed capacity in the Czech Republic, 2 x 325 MW. Total capacity is 3,200 MWh. The power station fulfills static, dynamic and compensatory functions within the power system. The static function lies in converting the surplus energy in the system into peak-load energy - at periods of surplus electricity in the system, namely at night, water is pumped from the lower to the elevated storage reservoir; and during the on-peak periods, when there is a shortage of electricity, the power station’s turbines generate electricity. The dynamic function of the hydroelectric power station means functioning as the system’s output reserve, generating the regulating output and energy, and participating in the frequency regulation of the system. The compensatory operation facilitates the voltage regulation within the power system. The lower reservoir is on the Divoká Desná River, 820 m above sea level. Its total capacity is 3.4 million m3 of water; it has a 56 m high dam, and its water level fluctuates by 22.2 m. The elevated reservoir is situated on top of the Dlouhé Stráně mountain, 1,350 m above sea level. Its total capacity is 2.72 million m3.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 650,000 4:55.00 Dolní nádrž, Loučná Desnou, Šumperk, Czech Republic

Operational

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Dalešice Pumped Storage Power Plant

The Dalešice waterworks was built as a part of the nearby Dukovany Nuclear Power Station project. It includes the Dalešice water reservoir with the capacity of 127 million m3 of water, the Mohelno equalization basin, the Dalešice Pumped-Storage Hydroelectric Power Station, and the Mohelno run-off-river hydroelectric power station. The pumped-storage hydroelectric power station is equipped with four sets of reversing Francis turbines (112.5 MW ea) for a 90 m head. Synchronous generators with 13.8 kV voltage and two-way rotation are used in both the turbine and storage pumping operation. The generator voltage is transformed to 420 kV outgoing voltage by unit transformers. Total capacity is 2,300 MWh.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 450,000 5:07.00 Dukovany, Vysočina, Czech Republic

Operational

Limberg II Pumped Storage Power Station

Limberg II is a member of the Kaprun Group, a group of hydroelectric power plants in Hohen Tauern in Kaprun valley. The plant utilizes the two existing reservoirs Wasserfallboden and Mooserboden with, a mean elevation drop of 365m. Limberg II increased the the Kaprun Group's capacity enough that it can now cover about 10% of Austria's peak. The project's total investment cost was approximately €405 million.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 480,000 n/a Stausee Mooserboden, Salzburg, Austria

Operational

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Rönkhausen Pumped Storage Power Plant

Rönkhausen is an underground power plant containing two Francis turbines rated at 70 MW each. It rests between two artificial reservoirs, which are fed by the Glingebach, a tributary of the Lenne.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 140,000 4:55.00 Finnentrop, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Operational

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Herdecke Pumped Storage Power Plant

The Herdecke (or Koepchenwerk) Pumped Storage Power Plant was originally commissioned in 1930, but an accident caused by a broken pump in December 1980 led to the plant's closure. Between 1985 and 1989, RWE built and commissioned a new pumped storage plant adjacent to the old one. The power plant was later modernized at the cost of €25 million between May and September 2007. The plant uses roughly the same amount of energy in pumping mode (153,590 kW) as it creates in generating mode (153,000 kW).

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 153,000 4:00.00 Herdecke, Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Operational

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Häusern Pumped Storage Power Plant

Commissioned in 1931, the Häusern pumped storage power station is the oldest of the five pumped storage plants within the Schluchseewerk AG network and forms the upper level of the three-stage Schluchsee Group, which also includes Witznau and Waldshut. Häusern's upper basin is the Schluchsee, a reservoir with a volume of 108 million cubic meters. Häusern's lower basin, Schwarza Reservoir, serves as the upper basin for the Witznau power station.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 100,000 n/a Schwarzabruck 2, Häusern, Baden-Württemberg 79837, Germany

Operational

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Säckingen Pumped Storage Power Plant

The underground Säckingen power station was Germany's first pumped storage plant built in an artificial cavern. Its four pumping/generating units are housed in an artificial cave with enormous dimensions (160 meters long, 23 meters wide, 33 meters high) which can be reached via a 1.5 km long access tunnel. The plant's upper reservoir, Eggberg Reservoir, is located approximately 400 meters above the plant. The Rhine serves as the lower reservoir. Säckingen is the first of two pumped storage plants in Schluchseewerk's Hotzenwald Group, which also includes Wehr Power Station.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 360,000 6:00.00 Stollenweg 2, Bad Säckingen, Baden-Württemberg 79713, Germany

Operational

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Waldshut Pumped Storage Power Plant

The Waldshut power plant is the youngest child of the Schluchsee Group, which also includes the Witznau and Häusern pumped storage power plants. Waldshut is the lower level of the three-chain scheme and uses the Rhine as its lower basin.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 150,000 2:30.00 Kraftwerkstraße 13, Waldshut-Tiengen, Baden-Württemberg 79761, Germany

Operational

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Wehr Pumped Storage Power Plant

The underground Wehr power station contributes more than half of the total production of Schluchseewerk AG. Its high performance is enabled by the immense drop of 630 meters from the Hornberg Reservoir to the lower Wehra Reservoir. Wehr is the largest power plant in Schluchseewerk's Hotzenwald Group of pumped storage, which also includes Säckingen Power Plant.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 910,000 7:00.00 Todtmooser Straße 150, Wehr, Baden-Württemberg 79664, Germany

Operational

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Witznau Pumped Storage Power Station

Commissioned in 1943, the Witznau (or Albbecken) Pumped Storage Power Station is rated at 220 MW in generation mode and 128 MW in pumping mode. It is located in the district of Ühlingen-Birkendorf in the Black Forest. The plant's lower reservoir, Witznaubecken, also serves as the upper reservoir for the nearby Waldshut pumped storage plant.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 220,000 2:50.00 Schwarzatalstraße 5, Ühlingen-Birkendorf, Baden-Württemberg 79777, Germany

Operational

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Wendefurth Power Station

The Wendefurth Power Plant is operated as a peak load power plant by Vattenfall. At nighttime it pumps water up from the lower reservior to the upper reservior. The stored energy can be used to balance the feed in of renewable energies and also for grid stabilization.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 80,000 6:30.00 Talsperre Wendefurth, Wendefurth, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany

Operational

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Niederwartha Pumped Storage Power Station

The Niederwartha plant was one of the first pumped storage power plants realized on a large scale. Niederwartha was built from 1927 to 1930 and has a rated output of 120 megawatts, which can be generated by six Francis-type machine sets. Four of them, however, are currently shut down, leaving the plant's operational rated power at 40 MW. The plant was damaged by an Elbe River flood in August 2002. Starting in November 2003, it was gradually put into operation again. Only two turbines have come back online because the other turbines' transformers are defective. Instead of repairing the machinery, it is planned to replace the outdated technology with only one turbine of 120 MW.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 40,000 n/a Niederwartha, Saxony, Germany

Operational

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Geesthacht Pumped Storage Power Station

Geesthacht Pumped-storage Power Plant was commissioned in 1958. The power plant is situated by the River Elbe and is the largest power plant of its kind in northern Germany. The upper water reservoir, located almost 93 metres above sea level, is 600 metres long, 500 metres wide and has a water capacity of approximately 3.6 million m3. The plant has three turbines with a capacity of 40 MW each, giving a total capacity of 120 MW. After full discharge, the water is pumped up through three parallel pipelines to the water reservoir. The procedure of pumping up water and refilling the reservoir takes nine hours. Since 2001, the work was reduced to ten percent of the possible operating time because the state government had introduced a removal fee for surface water. This levy was now reduced to a tenth of the original amount.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 120,000 5:00.00 Geesthacht, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany

Operational

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Hohenwarte Pumped Storage Scheme

The Hohenwarte Pumped Storage Scheme consists of two pumped storage power plants, Hohenwarte I rated at 63 MW and Hohenwarte II rated at 320 MW, and lies on the Saale River. Hohenwarte I's first turbine generator was commissioned in 1942. Two additional turbines were added in 1959. The Saale River, closed off by a dam, forms the top basin for the power plant with a length of 27 km and a storage capacity of 180.86 million m3. (This dam was primarily built for flood control.) Hohenwarte II has been in operation since 1966. With eight pumped-storage sets it is the largest hydro power plant on the Saale River. The layout of the top basin is artificial without any natural inflow with 3.02 million m³ of water. The Eichicht catchment basin is used as a bottom basin for the Hohenwarte I and II pumped-storage plants. The hydro power generating sets are installed in a powerhouse constructed in the bottom basin.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 383,000 5:30.00 Saalfeld, Thuringia, Germany

Operational

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Alqueva Pumped Hydro Storage Power Plant

The Alqueva Dam is an arch dam and the center-piece of the Alqueva Mutlipurpose Project. It impounds the River Guadiana, on the border of Beja and Évora Districts in south of Portugal. The dam takes its name from the town of Alqueva to its right bank. It creates a large reservoir with an inter-annual regulation capacity from which water may be distributed throughout the region. The dam was completed in 2002 and its reservoir was full in 2012. The 520 MW power station was commissioned in two stages, stage I in 2004 and stage II in 2013. The Alqueva Dam constitutes one of the largest dams and artificial lakes (250 km²) in Western Europe. In 2004, the first stage of the hydroelectric power station was commissioned, with a capacity of 260 megawatts. The second stage, with an additional 260 MW, was commissioned in 2013. The power station contains four 129.6 MW reversible Francis turbines. With these turbines, the power station is afforded a pumped-storage capability. Power is generated during high demand periods and at times of low demand, the turbines reverse and pump water from a much smaller reservoir below the dam back into the main reservoir. Pedrogao Dam forms the lower reservoir.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 520,000 n/a Moura, Evora, Portugal

Operational

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Bleiloch Pumped Storage Power Station

Commissioned in 1932, the Bleiloch power plant houses two 40 MW Francis-type pumped storage units, and is used to shift energy from off-peak hours to peak demand hours.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 80,000 n/a bleilochtalsperre, Schleiz, Thuringia, Germany

Operational

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Turlough Hill Pumped Storage

The power station is designed to generate electricity at times of peak demand and is instantly dispatchable: it can go from standstill to full generation within 75 seconds, compared with 12 hours for some thermal plants. Since 2004, Turlough Hill has been the Hydro Control Centre (HCC) for the entire ESB hydroelectric portfolio, which comprises 19 generators in total. Between 2007 and 2012, Voith Hydro, the original equipment manufacturer, refurbished all four 73 MW pump-generators in the plant.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 292,000 6:00.00 Lough Nahanagan, Wicklow, Ireland

Operational

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Sir Adam Beck Hydroelectric Generating Station

The 174 megawatt Sir Adam Beck Pump Generating Station and its 300-hectare reservoir were constructed concurrent with the Sir Adam Beck II Generating Station. Water diverted to the Sir Adam Beck generating complex is typically pumped into the reservoir at night so it can be used to generate electricity during subsequent periods of high electricity demand. Six mixed-flow variable-pitch reversible pump-turbines are installed at the pump generating station. The six pumps are capable, in a period of about eight hours, of filling the reservoir.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 174,000 6:00.00 14000 Niagara Parkway, Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario L0S 1J0, Canada

Operational

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Vianden Pumped Storage Plant

The Vianden Pumped Storage Plant is located just north of Vianden near the German border on the Our River. The power plant uses nine 100 MW Francis reversible pump-turbine-generators commissioned 1962-1964 and one 196 MW Francis reversible pump-turbine-generator commissioned in 1976. Construction on an eleventh pump-generator began in 2010 and it is expected to be commissioned in 2013, which will bring the plant's installed capacity to 1,296 MW.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,096,000 n/a Vianden, Diekrich, Luxembourg

Operational

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Zagorsk PSP-2

The new power plant will be built near the currently functioning Zagorsk PSP-1, its installed capacity will be 840 MW.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 840,000 n/a Sergiev Posad, Moscow Oblast, Russia

Under Construction

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Zagorsk PSP-1

The decision to build the country's first hydroelectric power plant in the town of Sergiev Posad district was adopted in 1974. The first two reversible pumped storage hydro Zagorskaya were put into operation in December, 1987. The last of the six reversible pump turbines were commissioned in 2000. Zagorsk-2 with a future installed capacity of 840 MW is currently being constructed adjacent to it.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,200,000 n/a Sergiev Posad, Moscow Oblast, Russia

Operational

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Reisseck II Pumped Storage Power Plant

Through the construction of the pumped storage power plant Reisseck II, VERBUND is not only investing in the expansion of renewable energies but - in connection with the existing power plants Malta and Reisseck - is also creating one of Europe's most efficient hydropower plant groups in Carinthia's Möll Valley. The high Alpine project area for the pumped storage power plant Reisseck II is located in Mühldorfer Graben at a height of up to 2,300 metres (m) where the Great Mühldorfer Lake will later function as an upper basin. The cavern power plant Reisseck II will be erected 1,585 m above sea level in the mountain and equipped with two powerful pump turbines. Similar to a normal storage power plant, Reisseck II will produce peak electricity in high demand periods, whereby water will be transported via a works water channel from Great Mühldorfer Lake to the two turbines that drive the generators. The processed water will run into a lower basin. Both of the machines units in the mountain can be switched to pump operation, whereby the generators will then function as motors and the turbines will pump the water from the lower basin back up to the upper basin. Pump operation will take place during the day when the European grid is carrying more electricity than is required by the consumers. Energy which, for example, comes from the large wind farms or the Danube power plants can be saved in the form of pumped-up water. The pumped storage power plant Reisseck II will therefore function as a "green battery" in the Alps. The power plant will have a capacity of 430 megawatt (MW), both in turbine and pump operation. This corresponds to the electricity generating capacity of approximately 200 wind turbines. On completion of the rock cavern for the power plant in 2011, the boring of the works water channel to Great Mühldorfer Lake commenced in the first half of 2012 with an 880-ton (t) and 220 m tunnel boring machine. The assembly work on Austria's largest power plant construction site commenced in summer 2012. 300 experts are currently working on this high Alpine site. The newest VERBUND pumped storage power plant Reisseck II will be commissioned in 2014. The total investment volume amounts to € 385 million. A 200-ton transformer works its way up to Reisseck power plant In the project Reisseck II, assembly work is going full speed ahead. Of all power plant components, the block transformer with a tare weight of 200 tons is the heaviest single component. The transformer was delivered to Spittal on the river Drau by rail. Several tractive units harnessed in front of the transformer heaved it from the Mölltal valley to the power plant cavern, located 1000 meters higher – a logistic challenge! http://www.power-technology.com/projects/reisseck-ii-pumped-storage-power-plant-carinthia/?goback=%2Egmp_3698324%2Egde_3698324_member_5812132009241239554#%21

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 430,000 n/a Kölnbrein Dam, Carynthia, Austria

Operational

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Markersbach Pumped Storage Power Plant

The Markersbach Pumped Storage Power Plant is a hydroelectric power station utilizing pumped-storage technology in Markersbach, Germany. Planning for the power plant began in 1961, construction began in 1970 and the generators were commissioned in 1979. The power station generates electricity by moving water between an upper and lower reservoir. During periods of low energy demand, water is pumped from the lower reservoir at an elevation of 563 m (1,847 ft) to an upper reservoir at 850 m (2,789 ft). When energy demand is high, the water is released back down towards the lower reservoir and fed through six 175 MW reversible Francis pump turbines, the same machines that pumped the water to the upper reservoir. Hydraulic head: 288 m Reservoir Capacity: 6,300,000 m3 Water discharge: 70 m3/s per Unit, 6 Units 175 MW each

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,050,000 4:00.00 Markersbach, Saxony, Germany

Operational

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Goldisthal Pumped Storage Power Station

Goldisthal Pumped Storage Plant is located in the Thuringian Slate Mountains at the headwaters of the Schwarza between Goldisthal and Scheibe-Alsbach and was commissioned in 2004. Its capacity of 1,060 MW makes it the largest hydroelectric power plant in Germany and one of the largest in Europe. Construction costs amounted to about € 623 million. A special feature of Goldisthal is the first variable speed pumped storage unit in Europe. Two of the four pump-turbines operate at variable (asynchronous) and two constant (synchronous) speed. Such combined machine sets that are flexible and continuously adapt their performance both in turbine operation in power generation and in pumping mode of energy supply to the requirements and thus can be operated with the optimum efficiency were previously taken only in operation in Japan. Hydraulic head: 301 m Reservoir capacity: 12,000,000 m3 Water discharge: 100 m3/s per unit, 4 Units 265 MW each

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,060,000 8:00.00 Thuringian Slate Mountains, Thuringia, Germany

Operational

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Bendeela Pumping and Power Station

Origin operates two pumped storage hydro power stations, known as the Shoalhaven Scheme, which are located in the Southern Highlands of NSW. The Shoalhaven Scheme consists of the Kangaroo Valley and Bendeela Pumping and Power Stations, and the Fitzroy Falls Reservoir, Bendeela Pondage and Lake Yarrunga. Bendeela Power Station has two 40 megawatts (54,000 hp) pump turbines, for a total of 80 megawatts (110,000 hp) of electricity generating capacity. Bendeela Pumping and Power Station is located on the Kangaroo River arm of Lake Yarrunga, lifts water 127 metres (417 ft) to Bendeela Pondage.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 80,000 n/a 30 Jacks Corner, Kangaroo Valley, New South Wales 2577, Australia

Operational

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Kangaroo Valley Pumping and Power Station

Origin operates two pumped storage hydro power stations, known as the Shoalhaven Scheme, which are located in the Southern Highlands of NSW. The Shoalhaven Scheme consists of the Kangaroo Valley and Bendeela Pumping and Power Stations, and the Fitzroy Falls Reservoir, Bendeela Pondage and Lake Yarrunga. Kangaroo Valley Power Station in the Kangaroo Valley has two 80 megawatts (110,000 hp) pump turbines, for a total electricity generating capacity of 160 megawatts (210,000 hp). From Bendeela Pondage, Kangaroo Valley Pumping and Power Station lifts water a further 480 metres (1,570 ft) to Fitzroy Falls Reservoir via a tunnel, shaft, pipeline, and canal. Water available for hydro-electric power generation is discharged back down the conduits, driving turbines as it returns to Bendeela Pondage and then Lake Yarrunga.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 160,000 n/a Moss Vale Road, Kangaroo Valley, New South Wales 2577, Australia

Operational

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Wivenhoe Power Station

CS Energy’s Wivenhoe Power Station is a 500 MW, pumped storage hydroelectric plant. The plant comprises two 250 MW units and is the only pumped storage hydroelectric plant in Queensland. Electricity is generated, absorbed and stored at Wivenhoe Power Station by recycling water between an upper reservoir (Splityard Creek Dam) and lower reservoir (Wivenhoe Dam). Water is pumped from Wivenhoe Dam into Splityard Creek Dam. To produce electricity, water is released from Splityard Creek Dam through tunnels to the turbines that drive the generators. In this way, Wivenhoe Power Station works like a giant rechargeable battery. Wivenhoe Power Station was transferred to CS Energy’s asset portfolio on 1 July 2011 as a result of the Queensland Government’s Generator Restructure.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 500,000 10:00.00 683 Wivenhoe-Somerset Road, Wivenhoe Pocket, Queensland 4306, Australia

Operational

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Palmiet Pumped Storage Scheme

The scheme has a dual role: - to generate electricity for the Eskom National Grid during peak and emergency demand periods - to transfer much needed water from the Palmiet River to Cape Town. Water is stored in an upper and lower reservoir. For power generating purposes, water flows from the upper reservoir to the lower reservoir via two reversible pump/turbines. During off peak periods the water collected in the lower reservoir is pumped back again. During winter rainfall months, excess water in the Palmiet River is pumped to the upper reservoir for transfer to the Steenbras Dam and the Cape Town water consumer.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 400,000 10:00.00 Grabouw, Western Cape 7160, South Africa

Operational

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Ingula Pumped Storage Scheme

The Pumped Storage Scheme consists of an upper and a lower dam; both of approximately 22 million cubic metres water capacity. The dams, 4.6 km apart, are connected by underground waterways, through an underground powerhouse which house, 4 x 333MW pump turbines. During times of peak energy consumption, water will be released from the upper dam through the pump turbines to the lower dam to generate electricity. During times of low energy demand the pump turbines are used to pump the water from the lower dam back up to the upper dam. The project is scheduled to come on line during 2013/14.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,332,000 16:00.00 Van Reenen's Pass, Kwa-Zulu Natal, South Africa

Under Construction

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Drakensberg Pumped Storage Scheme

Electricity is generated only during peak demand periods or emergencies by channelling water from the upper to the lower reservoir through reversible pump-turbine sets. During periods of low energy demand this same water is pumped back from the lower to the upper storage reservoir by the reversible sets. The Drakensberg scheme paved the way for Eskom’s second pumped storage project at Palmiet in the Cape. These power stations have the advantage of being able to generate electricity within three minutes, whereas coal-fired stations require a minimum of 8 hours from cold start-up to start generating power. By pumping water from the lower to the upper reservoirs during low-peak periods, both the Palmiet and Drakensberg schemes help to flatten the load demand curve of the national system by using the excess generating capacity available in these off-peak periods.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,000,000 10:00.00 Kilburn Dam, Jagersrust, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Operational

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O'Neill Powerplant

The O`Neill Pump-Generating Plant pumps Central Valley Project water for offstream storage. The O`Neill Pump-Generating Plant consists of an intake channel leading off the Delta-Mendota Canal and six pump-generating units. Normally these units operate as pumps to lift water from 45 to 53 feet into the O`Neill Forebay. Water is occasionally released from the forebay to the Delta-Mendota Canal, and these units then operate as generators. When operating as pumps and motors, each unit can discharge 700 cubic feet per second and has a rating of 6,000 horse-power. When operating as turbines and generators, each unit has a generating capacity of about 4,200 kilowatts. O`Neill, which operates primarily as a pumping plant only generates part of the year. The authorizing legislation for O`Neill states that power generated at the facility cannot be used for commercial purposes. Therefore, the generation produced at O`Neill is allocated as project-use power for the Central Valley Project and the cost associated with generation is allocated to the irrigation component of Central Valley Project.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 25,200 n/a Los Banos, California, United States

Operational

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Flatiron Powerplant

The Flatiron Powerplant discharges into Flatiron Reservoir, which regulates the water for release to the foothills storage and distribution system. The afterbay storage in Flatiron Reservoir and the forebay storage in Pinewood Lake enable Flatiron Powerplant to meet daily power loads. The Flatiron reversible pump (Unit 3) lifts water from Flatiron Reservoir, a maximum of 297 feet, and delivers it through Carter Lake pressure conduit and tunnel to Carter Lake. When the flow is reversed, the unit acts as a turbine-generator and produces electric energy. Flatiron units one and two are on AGC and provide VAR support and are occasionally used for spinning reserve.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 8,500 n/a Loveland, Colorado 80537, United States

Operational

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Blenheim-Gilboa Pumped Storage Power Project

The Catskill Mountains are home to a special type of hydroelectric facility that serves as a giant energy-storage device—the Blenheim-Gilboa Pumped Storage Power Project. Nestled beneath 2,000-foot-tall Brown Mountain, this project generates more than one million kilowatts of electricity in peak demand periods by drawing water from Schoharie Creek and recycling it between two huge reservoirs. Blenheim-Gilboa serves two vital functions. It saves money for New York consumers by providing low-cost electricity when they need it most. And it stores water for emergency power production. If necessary, this project can be up and running within two minutes. It can "pinch hit" if another plant or line suddenly goes out of service. A $135-million four-year program to modernize and extend the life of the Blenheim-Gilboa project was completed in May 2010. As part of the four-year program, known as LEM (Life Extension and Modernization), one of project’s four turbine-generator units was taken out of service each fall for approximately eight months. Most of the unit’s mechanical and electrical components were replaced, with repairs made to virtually all other parts. With completion of the project, the four units have a generating capacity of 290 megawatts each, providing an overall project generating capacity of 1,160 megawatts. For more on the upgrade see the project manager's description here: http://tinyurl.com/qb8fego

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,160,000 15:00.00 Blenheim-Gilboa Visitors Center/Lansing Manor 1378 State Route 30 P.O. Box 898 , North Blenheim, New York 12131, United States

Operational

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Mormon Flat Pumped Hydro Storage

Mormon Flat Dam is named after nearby Mormon Flat, a place where pioneers from Utah stopped to camp en route to the Valley. The dam, built between 1923-25, is 224 feet high and 380 feet long. Two hydroelectric generating units are at the dam; one is a conventional unit rated at 10,000 kW; the other is a pumped storage unit built in 1971 and rated at 50,000 kW. The pumped storage unit permits recycling of water for hydroelectric production and keeps lake levels relatively constant.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 50,000 n/a Tonto National Forest, Arizona, United States

Operational

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New Wadell Dam Pumped Hydro Storage

Construction of New Waddell Dam began in 1985, and continued through 1994. New Waddell Dam's primary purpose is to store Colorado River water for CAP use. The dam also stores Agua Fria River runoff and provides flood protection by controlling river flows. The dam is located one-half mile downstream of historic Waddell Dam, which was built by the Maricopa Water District (MWD). The dam's reservoir, Lake Pleasant, also stores water for MWD irrigation. In the winter, Colorado River water is pumped uphill from the CAP aqueduct into Lake Pleasant when power rates are low. In the summer, when demand for water and electricity increases, water is released through the Pump-Generating plant, producing hydroelectric power that is sold to help repay the CAP's construction costs. In addition, New Waddell Dam adds 7,000 surface acres to the lake, greatly increasing the recreational value of Lake Pleasant Regional Park. Handicapped-accessible recreational facilities include 3 multiple-lane boat ramps, 450 picnic sites, 225 campsites, 14 group use areas, 4 overlooks, a full-service marina equipped to handle 1000 boats, and 7 miles of trail. Because the reservoir water level may fluctuate up to 125 feet during a typical year's operation, the facilities will be located to be accessible during both high and low water periods. If necessary, floodwaters can be released from the dam through the river outlet works tunnel into the Agua Fria River immediately below the dam. If the reservoir's flood storage capacity is ever exceeded, water can also be released over spillways located west of the dam. This water would flow down Morgan City Wash and back to the Agua Fria River about one mile below the dam. The cost of constructing New Waddell Dam was more than $625 million. The Central Arizona Water Conservation District, which operates and maintains the CAP, is repaying $175 million of this cost.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 45,000 n/a Maricopa County, Arizona, United States

Operational

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Wallace Dam Pumped Storage

In 1979 Lake Oconee was created with the completion of Wallace Dam, which is a pumped-storage reservoir for Lake Sinclair. The water is pumped from Lake Sinclair into Lake Oconee. It is then released through Wallace Dam back into Lake Sinclair - thus generating electricity. The net effect of the power generation process is an approximate 2-foot (0.61 m) drop or rise in Lake Sinclair's water level. Wallace Dam is actually both a pumped storage hydro facility and a conventional hydroelectric generating plant. It has six units (four of which are reversible) for a total nameplate generation capacity of 321 MW [3]. The pumped storage portion of the plant (the Wallace Dam Pumped Hydro Project) has an installed capacity of roughly 210 MW.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 208,000 n/a Milledgeville, Georgia, United States

Operational

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Cabin Creek Generating Station

Cabin Creek is located high in the Rocky Mountains of Colorado at 10,018 feet above sea level. It is a pumped storage plant with a lower and upper reservoir. During periods of peak electricity demand on Xcel Energy’s Colorado system, electricity is generated by releasing water from the upper reservoir through a tunnel, which turns the turbine generators. The water is then stored in the lower reservoir. In the early hours of the morning when electricity use by the company’s customers is low, water is pumped back to the upper reservoir. As a hydroelectric station, Cabin Creek produces no air, water or land emissions. As we bring additional wind power onto our Colorado system, Cabin Creek can help us better utilize this resource. The pumping of water from the lower reservoir to the upper reservoir can be timed during the evening or early morning when wind generators are producing more power. The Georgetown plant is also open to the public as the Georgetown Energy Museum, where one can see a working power plant. The museum has many intriguing artifacts and pieces from the electrical industry. The museum also offers tours of the plant.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 324,000 4:00.00 Georgetown, Colorado, United States

Operational

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Taum Sauk Hydroelectric Power Station

The Taum Sauk pumped storage plant is located in the St. Francois mountain region of the Missouri Ozarks approximately 90 miles (140 km) south of St. Louis near Lesterville, Missouri in Reynolds County. The pumped-storage hydroelectric plant, operated by the AmerenUE electric company, was designed to help meet peak power demands during the day. Electrical generators are turned by water flowing from a reservoir on top of Proffit Mountain into a lower reservoir on the East Fork of the Black River. The generators and turbines at river level are reversible, and at night the excess electricity available on the power grid is used to pump water back to the mountaintop. The Taum Sauk plant is notable in that it is a pure pump-back operation – there is no natural primary flow available for generation, unlike most other pumped storage sites. It was among the largest such projects when it was built. Construction of the Taum Sauk plant began in 1960 and operation began in 1963. The two original reversible pump-turbine units were each capable of generating 175 megawatts of power. They were upgraded in 1999 to units capable of 225 megawatts each. The plant was out of operation after the upper reservoir suffered a catastrophic failure on December 14, 2005, until the rebuilt and recertified structure started producing power again on April 21, 2010. The new upper reservoir dam, rebuilt from the ground up, is the largest roller-compacted concrete dam in North America. The plant was named an IEEE Milestone in 2005.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 440,000 8:00.00 Lesterville, Missouri, United States

Operational

Fairfield Pumped Storage

The Fairfield Pumped Storage Facility utilizes four earthen dams and four penstocks that lead from the intake structure on the Monticello Reservoir to the powerhouse. The pumped storage facility is primarily used for peaking, reserve generation, and off-peak power usage.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 511,200 6:58.00 Bradham Boulevard off Hwy 215, Jenkinsville, South Carolina 29065, United States

Operational

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Jocassee Pumped Hydro Storage

The four-unit Jocassee Hydroelectric Station is a 710-megawatt pumped-storage generating facility located in Pickens County, S.C. The facility works much like a conventional hydroelectric station, except that it can reverse turbines and pump back previously used water from a lower lake to store potential energy for later. The Jocassee facility typically generates power during times of peak electric demand. In the Carolinas, peaks are usually on hot summer afternoons and cold winter mornings during the work week. Water power uses no fuel in the generation of electricity and so has very low operating costs.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 710,000 n/a Pickens County, South Carolina, United States

Operational

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Muddy Run Pumped Hydro Storage

The 8-unit power station provides 1,070 megawatts (MW) of electricity by damming the Muddy Run ravine from its mouth. The station’s output is critical to meeting the dynamic peak electricity demands on the area’s regional power grid on hot summer afternoons. To generate electricity, the water in the upper reservoir at Muddy Run is used to fuel the turbines, flowing into the Conowingo Pond, a 14-mile stretch of the Susquehanna River in Maryland. As electricity demand decreases, at night, the units are reversed and used as pumps to fill the upper reservoir for subsequent peak-demand periods. Muddy Run has provided electric power to the regional transmission system since commercial operation began in 1966. At the time, it was the largest pumped-storage hydroelectric power plant in the world. The general plant configuration remains the same as the original construction, however, the turbines and generators have been recently refurbished.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,070,000 n/a 172 Bethesda Church Rd., West Holtwood, Pennsylvania 17532, United States

Operational

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Bad Creek Pumped Hydro Storage

The Bad Creek Hydroelectric Station is a 1,065-megawatt pumped-storage facility located in Oconee County, eight miles north of Salem, S.C. The four-unit station began generating electricity in 1991, and is the largest hydroelectric station on the Duke Energy system. It is named for the two streams, Bad Creek and West Bad Creek, which were dammed to create the Bad Creek reservoir. The Bad Creek facility utilizes two reservoirs (or lakes) to generate electricity: an upper reservoir and a lower reservoir. Water stored in an upper lake is released into underground power tunnels. The water rushes down the tunnels, driving huge turbines, which are underground at the base of a dam. The spinning turbines are connected to large generators, which produce the electricity. The water then flows through draft tubes into a lower lake. A pumped-storage hydroelectric station uses the same water over and over again, making more efficient use of water resources. When demand for electricity is low, operators can refill the lake, as if they were “recharging” a battery. Using power from other generating stations, the generators act as electric motors spinning the huge turbines backward. This pumps water back up the power tunnels into the upper lake. Water is generally pumped back to the upper reservoir at night and on weekends.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,065,000 n/a Oconee County, South Carolina, United States

Operational

Northfield Mountain Pumped Storage Hydroelectricity Facility

Located in Northfield, Massachusetts, approximately five and one-half miles up the Connecticut River from Turners Falls Dam, the 1,080 megawatt plant is entirely underground and does not depend upon the natural flow of the river for operation. Utilizing energy that is generated at nuclear and the more efficient of our fossil plants, water from the lower reservoir is pumped to an upper reservoir during periods of low power demand. The water is stored in the upper reservoir and then, at times of high electric demand, is released down a 1,100-foot-long pressure shaft to power a turbine generator and continues to the lower reservoir where it is stored until it again resumes its cycle to the upper reservoir. The 20-mile stretch of the Connecticut River, extending from the dam at Turners Falls north to the Vernon Dam in Vermont, serves as the station's lower reservoir. The man-made 300-acre upper reservoir, 800 feet above the river, is capable of storing 5.6 billion gallons of water with an estimated power potential of 8,500 MWh. The underground powerhouse includes four large reversible turbines, each capable of pumping 27,000 gallons of water per second. The powerhouse is accessible through a 2,500-foot-long tunnel. Seven hundred feet below the surface, the cavern is longer than a football field and higher than a ten-story building.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,119,000 7:35.00 99 Millers Falls Road, Northfield, Massachusetts 01360, United States

Operational

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Ludington Pumped Storage

The Ludington Pumped Storage Plant sits on a 1,000-acre site along the Lake Michigan shoreline. The plant was built between 1969-73 and is jointly owned by Consumers Energy and Detroit Edison, and operated by Consumers Energy. The plant contributes directly to local governments about $11 million in annual property taxes. Revenue from plant operations, maintenance and overhauls also contribute significant sums to the local economy. Local residents still refer to the plant as “The Project”. One of the world’s biggest electric “batteries”, Ludington can provide energy at a moment’s notice. Its ability lies in its 27-billion gallon reservoir and a set of six turbines that drive electric generators. Those same turbines double as giant water pumps to fill the reservoir with water from Lake Michigan. At night, when electric demand is low, Ludington’s reversible turbines pump water 363 feet uphill from Lake Michigan. The water is pumped through six large pipes, or “penstocks”, to the 842-acre reservoir. During the day, when electric demand is high, the reservoir releases water to flow downhill through the penstocks. The flowing water turns turbines and generators in the powerhouse to make electricity. The plant can generate up to 1,872 megawatts — enough electricity to serve a community of 1.4 million residential customers. The output is more than double the capacity of any single unit on Consumers Energy’s system. Ludington’s relatively simple technology enables the plant to respond quickly to the daily, weekly and seasonal highs and lows of Michigan’s energy demand. The plant also saves customers money by enabling Consumers Energy to avoid the expensive spot market when customer demand exceeds the capacity of the company’s baseload plants. The immense size of Ludington and its six-unit design offers flexibility in balancing customer demand with electric output on a moment’s notice. Consumers Energy and Detroit Edison announced an $800 million upgrade on February 7 2011. The six year project would begin in 2013 and extend the plant's life by at least forty years and upgrade the generating capacity from 1,872 megawatts to 2,172 megawatts.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,872,000 8:00.00 Ludington, Michigan, United States

Operational

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Horse Mesa Pumped Hydro Storage

In 1969, SRP initiated its Hydroelectric Expansion and Frequency Unification (HEFU) program to increase hydroelectric generating capacity at facilities on the Salt River. This program included the installation of pumped storage units at Mormon Flat Dam in 1971 and at Horse Mesa Dam in 1972. The HEFU program also provided for converting the conventional hydroelectric generating facilities at the dams on the Salt River from the outmoded 25-hertz (Hz) to the modern frequency of 60 Hz and in 1973, a new 60-Hz, 36-MW generating unit was installed at Theodore Roosevelt Dam, which replaced the existing 25-Hz units. The Horse Mesa dam has three conventional hydroelectric generating units rated at a total of 32,000 kW, and a pumped storage unit rated at 97,000 kW added in 1972.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 97,000 n/a Apache Junction, Arizona, United States

Operational

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Mount Elbert Power Plant

The Mt. Elbert Pumped-Storage Powerplant is located in Lake County, CO on the north shore of Twin Lakes. It is approximately twenty miles southwest of Leadville, CO. It is at the foot of Mt. Elbert, Colorado’s highest peak. Mt. Elbert is the only federal powerplant on the Fryingpan-Arkansas Project and is largest hydroelectric power plant in Colorado. It began operations in 1981. The Mt. Elbert Pumped-Storage Powerplant is an all-concrete structure equivalent to a 14-story building. Most of the structure is below ground. Water from the Forebay above drops through two penstocks 445 feet to the powerplant where two turbine-generators develop 200,000 kilowatts of electrical power. Mt. Elbert’s two units are also designed to operate as a 170,000-horsepower electric motor to drive the turbines in reverse and pump the same water back up to the forebay. This pumping mode is normally utilized during early morning hours when power demands are low. The pump-back storage principle is advantageous because the generating units can be started quickly and adjustments made rapidly to respond to varying daily and seasonal power demands.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 200,000 12:00.00 Leadville, Colorado, United States

Operational

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Thermalito Pumping - Generating Plant

Located about four miles west of the city of Oroville in Butte County, Thermalito Pumping-Generating Plant is a principal feature of the Oroville-Thermalito pumped storage power complex. A pumping-generating plant, the facility is operated in tandem with Hyatt Powerplant and Thermalito Diversion Dam Powerplant to produce power. Water released for power in excess of local and downstream requirements is conserved by pumpback operation during off-peak hours through both power plants into Lake Oroville to be subsequently released for power generation during periods of peak power demand. Construction on the plant began in 1964 and was completed in 1969, with operations starting in 1968.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 120,000 n/a Oroville, California, United States

Offline/Under Repair

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Edward Hyatt (Oroville) Power Plant

Located in rock in the left abutment near the axis of Oroville Dam, Edward Hyatt Powerplant is an underground, hydroelectric, pumping-generating facility. Construction of the plant began in 1964 and was completed in 1969. Hyatt Powerplant maximizes power production through a pumped-storage operation where water, released for power in excess of local and downstream requirements, is returned to storage in Lake Oroville during off-peak periods and is used for generation during peak power demands. Water from the lake is conveyed to the units through penstocks and branch lines. After passing through the units, water is discharged through the draft tubes to one free surface and one full-flow tailrace tunnel. The facility was named for Edward Hyatt, who was State Engineer (1927-1950) of the Division of Water Resources under the Department of Public Works. The Division was the predecessor to the Department of Water Resources.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 819,000 n/a Oroville, California 95965, United States

Operational

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San Luis (William R. Gianelli) Pumped Storage Hydroelectric Powerplant

The San Luis Pump-Generating Plant pumps Central Valley Project water for offstream storage. This joint Federal-State facility, located at San Luis Dam, lifts water by pump turbines from the O`Neill forebay into the San Luis Reservoir. During the irrigation season, water is released from San Luis Reservoir back through the pump-turbines to the forebay and energy is reclaimed. Each of the eight pumping-generating Francis Turbines has a capacity of 63,000 horsepower as a motor and 53,000 kilowatts as a generator. As a pumping station to fill San Luis Reservoir, each unit lifts 1,375 cubic feet per second at 290 feet total head. As a generating plant, each unit passes 1,640 cubic feet per second at the same head.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 424,000 298:00.00 Gustine, California, United States

Operational

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Big Creek (John S. Eastwood) Pumped Storage

The Eastwood Pumped Storage facility is part of the Big Creek Hydroelectric Project, which consists of 9 powerplants generating at a combined 1,000 MW. The Eastwood plant operates as a reservoir storage facility with the benefit of pumpback. The Balsam Meadows Hydroelectric Project includes a 5,900-foot diversion tunnel connecting the existing Huntington-Pitman-Shaver Conduit, a 4,320-foot power tunnel, and a 7,500-foot Tailrace Tunnel with a 16-foot horseshoe section leading to Shaver Lake.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 199,800 17:40.00 Shaver Lake, California, United States

Operational

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Helms Pumped Hydro Storage Project

The power plant operates by moving water between two reservoirs, an upper and a lower. When energy demand is high, water is released from the upper reservoir to the plant where electricity is generated before the water is discharged into the lower reservoir. When demand is low at times such as night, water is then pumped back up to the upper reservoir to be used as stored energy for a later time. This is accomplished by pump-generators which serve a dual role as both pumps which can reverse into generators. The plant can go from a stand still to operational in eight minutes which allows it to meet peak energy demand. It consumes more electricity pumping versus generating electricity but pumping occurs during periods of low demand, making the plant economical. Watch a video about it: http://goo.gl/E7Rg4A

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,212,000 n/a Fresno County, California, United States

Operational

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Olivenhain-Hodges Storage Project

The Lake Hodges project is part of the San Diego County Water Authority's Emergency Storage Project, a system of reservoirs, interconnected pipelines and pumping stations designed to make water available to the San Diego region in the event of an interruption in imported water deliveries. The project connects the city of San Diego’s Hodges Reservoir, also called Lake Hodges, to the Water Authority’s Olivenhain Reservoir via a 1.25-mile pipeline travelling 770 feet vertically. The connection provides the ability to store 20,000 acre-feet of water in Hodges Reservoir for emergency use. The connection will also allow water to be pumped back and forth between Hodges Reservoir and Olivenhain Reservoir. From Olivenhain Reservoir, water can be distributed throughout the region by the Water Authority’s delivery system. When water is transferred downhill from Olivenhain Reservoir into Hodges Reservoir, it generates up to 40-megawatts of peak hydroelectric energy, enough power to annually sustain nearly 26,000 homes. This energy will help offset project's operating costs and support future Water Authority projects. The Lake Hodges Projects will also help keep Hodges Reservoir at a more constant level during dry seasons, capture runoff during rainy seasons and prevent spills over Hodges Dam.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 40,000 6:00.00 Escondido, California 92033, United States

Operational

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Bath County Pumped Storage Station

This project consists of a 3GW Pumped Hydro storage plant in Virginia that pumps water to an elevated reservoir at night and lets it run back down to generate electricity during the day.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 3,030,000 10:18.00 State Route 705, George Washington National Forest, Warm Springs, Virginia 24484, United States

Operational

Aquion Energy Sodium-Ion Battery for Grid-level Applications

Through the course of this project Aquion developed its aqueous electrolyte electrochemical energy storage device to the point where large demonstration units (> 10 kWh) were able to function in grid-supporting functions detailed by their collaborators. Aquion’s final deliverable was an ~15 kWh system that has the ability to perform medium to long duration (> 2 hours) charge and discharge functions approaching 95% DC-DC efficiency. The system has functioned, and continues to function as predicted with no indication that it will not tolerate well beyond 10 calendar years and 10,000 cycles. It has been in continuous operation for more than 1 year with 1,000 cycles (of varying depth of discharge, including 100% depth of discharge) and no identifiable degradation to the system. The final thick electrode cell structure has shown an energy density of 25 kWh/m3 at a five hour (or greater) discharge time. The primary chemistry has remained non-toxic, containing no acids or other corrosive chemicals, and the battery units have passed numerous safety tests, including flame resistance testing. These tests have verified the claim that the device is safe to use and contains no hazardous materials. Current projections show costs at the pack level to offer best in class value and are competitive with lead-acid batteries, factoring in LCOE. The final deliverable system for the DOE award was assembled in late 2011 and testing began shortly thereafter. This system consists of 270 Battery 0 units connected in series, with a footprint of 45 x 58 x 60 (LxWxH) and weighing approximately 2800 lbs. It should be noted that a significant portion of this weight and footprint is a temporary racking system that allows for varying pressure to be placed on the batteries to test for gassing and a conductivity issues. The system has been in continuous operation since early 2012, and continued in operation until July 2013 with no performance degradation in the chemistry.

Aqueous Hybrid Ion (AHI) Battery 15 4:00.00 32 39th Street, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15201, United States

De-Commissioned

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Aquion AHI at Redwood Gate Ranch

The final design of the solar hybrid off-grid microgrid included a 10.8 kW stationary photovoltaic array and a 60 kWh AHI battery pack. Average daily energy consumption was estimated at about 24 kWh with an average daily peak of 4 kW. The system is sized to support >14 kW of instantaneous power in order to serve the maximum anticipated load. Loads include the main house, workshop/garage, guest house, pool filtration, and water pumping. The living spaces use a wood burning stove as the primary heat source and a propane-fueled in-floor radiant heat back up system. Water is heated by a solar thermal system. The system uses control software that enables integration, controls, optimization, automation, and networking of the microgrid components.

Aqueous Hybrid Ion (AHI) Battery 15 4:00.00 Jenner, California, United States

Operational

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Younicos and Vattenfall Project

In a joint pilot project, Younicos and Vattenfall have commissioned the first large-scale battery to be integrated in the European electricity balancing market. Since the end of 2012, a 1 megawatt sodium-sulphur battery based at the Younicos headquarters in Berlin-Adlershof successfully balances short-term fluctuations in the power grid. This is the first time a battery is employed in maintaining the mains power frequency of the transmission system operator 50Hertz Transmission GmbH.

Compound Battery: Lithium Ion & Sodium Sulfur 1,200 6:12.00 Am Studio 16, Berlin, Berlin 12489, Germany

Operational

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Graciosa Younicos Project

As on many islands of similar size, the share of renewables on Graciosa is currently limited to only 15 percent annually. No matter how many wind turbines or photovoltaic power plants are added to the grid, the lion’s share of the electricity supply has to be produced by Diesel generators. We break this dependence on Diesel fuel. Our intelligent power controls and our purpose-built Energy Management System make the current grid independent of conventional generators, whose rotating mass now sets the pace. Our new system combines our software with a 2.5 Megawatt battery storage system, a 5.4 Megawatt wind park and a 500 Kilowatt photovoltaic power plant. Aside from a cable linking the new wind park to the grid, new cables won’t need to be installed. The new, hybrid power system on Graciosa can immediately use up to 100 percent sun and wind power. The Diesel generators will only be needed for back-up in weeks with very poor weather conditions. This means we can cover an annual average of up to 70 percent of the island’s power demand with renewables.

Compound Battery: Lithium Ion & Sodium Sulfur 2,700 4:00.00 Graciosa, Azores, Portugal

Under Construction

MAREX

The Glinsk Energy Storage Hub will accept a power flow of up to 1500 MW from wind farms for storage. The Storage Hub is now designed and ready to submit for planning to An Bord Pleanála after 3 years work. This power will be held in storage until peak demand periods occur during any given day and then exported to coincide with demand if the wind is not blowing. The PHES will be at least 75% efficient overall. The PHES scheme can deliver power at maximum output for 6 hours per day (or much longer at reduced output), corresponding to peak demand on the day in the UK and Ireland. The flexible diversion of wind power into storage ensures maximum utility for the wind farms and permits over 2000 MW of wind to be connected to market using only 1500 MW of transmission cable.

Seawater Pumped Hydro Storage 1,500 6:00.00 Glinsk, Mayo, Connaght, Ireland

Announced

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Powerco's Redflow Battery Demonstration

Demonstration of a RedFlow demonstration Zinc Bromine battery system, currently being used in New Zealand.

Zinc Bromide Redox Flow Battery 3 2:40.00 New Plymouth, Taranaki, New Zealand

Operational

National Grid Distributed Energy Storage Systems Demonstration, Worcester, MA

This project demonstrates competitively-priced, grid scale, long-duration advanced flow batteries for utility grid applications. The project incorporates engineering of fleet control, manufacturing and installation of two 500kW/6-hour energy storage systems in Massachusetts to lower peak energy demand and reduce the costs of power interruptions. One ESS will be installed next to a 605 kW photovoltaic (PV) array in Everett, MA. A second ESS will be installed next to a 600 kW wind turbine located on a customer site in Worcester, MA.

Zinc Bromide Redox Flow Battery 500 6:00.00 Worcester, Massachusetts, United States

Contracted

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Redflow, University of Queensland M90

RedFlow's M90 energy storage system has been decommissioned and returned to RedFlow following a successful 2 year demonstration. From July 2012 to July 2014 it was installed at the University of Queensland and connected to one of the University's 340kW solar arrays. The M90 is rated at 90kW / 240kWh and houses 24 of RedFlow's ZBMs in a 20ft shipping container.

Zinc Bromide Redox Flow Battery 90 2:00.00 Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

De-Commissioned

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Ausgrid SGSC - 40 RedFlow Systems

RedFlow has supplied 40 energy storage systems for the Smart Grid, Smart City (SGSC) Project, that have been grid-feeding since early 2012. Each system contains a RedFlow 5kW/10kWh zinc-bromide battery, resulting in a total 200kW and 400kWh of storage. The Smart Grid, Smart City program is an Australian Federal Government Initiative. This project is testing smart grid technology in an urban setting. Smart Grid, Smart City creates a testing ground for new energy supply technologies. At least 30,000 households will participate in the project over three years. The demonstration project gathers information about the benefits and costs of different smart grid technologies in an Australian setting. More information about the project can be found at http://www.smartgridsmartcity.com.au/

Zinc Bromide Redox Flow Battery 200 2:00.00 Elermore Vale / South Wallsend, Newcastle, New South Wales 2287, Australia

De-Commissioned

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Ausgrid SGSC - 20 RedFlow Systems

RedFlow has supplied 20 systems to the Smart Grid, Smart City (SGSC) project in Scone. Each system contains a RedFlow 5kW/10kWh zinc-bromide battery, resulting in a total 100kW and 200kWh of storage. The Smart Grid, Smart City program is an Australian Federal Government Initiative. This project is testing smart grid technology in a rural setting. Smart Grid, Smart City creates a testing ground for new energy supply technologies. At least 30,000 households will participate in the project over three years. The demonstration project gathers information about the benefits and costs of different smart grid technologies in an Australian setting. More information about the project can be found here: http://www.smartgridsmartcity.com.au/

Zinc Bromide Redox Flow Battery 100 2:00.00 Upper Gundy, Scone, New South Wales 2337, Australia

De-Commissioned

National Grid Distributed Energy Storage Systems Demonstration, Everette, MA

This project demonstrates competitively-priced, grid scale, long-duration advanced flow batteries for utility grid applications. The project incorporates engineering of fleet control, manufacturing and installation of two 500kW/6-hour energy storage systems in Massachusetts to lower peak energy demand and reduce the costs of power interruptions. One ESS will be installed next to a 605 kW photovoltaic (PV) array in Everett, MA. A second ESS will be installed next to a 600 kW wind turbine located on a customer site in Worcester, MA.

Zinc Bromide Redox Flow Battery 500 6:00.00 Everett, Massachusetts, United States

Contracted

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Viridity SEPTA Recycled Energy and Optimization Project

The Energy Optimization project is designed to capture energy from rail cars through a regenerative braking process and then utilize the energy for accelerating trains, and to generate revenue through demand-side participation in power markets. Saft will provide one Intensium Max 20P Li-ion megawatt energy storage system to capture train braking energy and then discharge it back to the third rail (power rail) to power trains leaving the station. The system will provide regenerative braking charge acceptance for SEPTA trains and power discharge back to the station to support rail traffic while simultaneously participating in the PJM Interconnection market for frequency regulation.

Lithium Ion Battery 800 0:30.00 1824 East Letterly Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19125, United States

Operational

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Utsira Wind Power & Hydrogen Plant

In 2004 Statoil ASA and Enercon jointly developed a wind to hydrogen project on Utsira Island, Norway. The 4 year demonstration combined a 600 kW wind turbine with the following: - 5 kWh flywheel - 100 kVA master synchronous machine - 10 Nm3/h electrolyser w/ 48 kW peak load - 5 kW compressor - 2,400 Nm3, 200 bar hydrogen storage pressure vessel To generate power from the hydrogen, a 55 kW MAN hydrogen internal combustion engine and a 10 kW IRD Fuel Cell were installed.

Hydrogen Energy Storage 65 n/a Utsira, Rogaland, Norway

De-Commissioned

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Puerto Errado 1 Thermosolar Power Plant

Puerto Errado 1 is 1.4 megawatts (MW), and was the first Fresnel-lens, solar power plant connected to the grid, in March 2009. Power is being sold for 26.9375 Euro cents per kWh for the first 25 years, and 21.5495 Euro cents per kWh thereafter. It covers an area of 5 hectares (12 acres).

Heat Thermal Storage 1,400 0:30.00 Calasparra, Murcia, Spain

Operational

King Island Renewable Energy Integration Project (UltraBattery)

On King Island, Hydro Tasmania has installed an Ecoult UltraBattery storage system, capable of 3 MW of power contribution and storing 1.6 MWh of useable energy. The battery is the largest ever installed in Australia and is located in a custom-built building at the King Island wind/diesel power station.

UltraBattery 3,000 0:32.00 Grassy Rd, Nugara, Tasmania 7256, Australia

Operational

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Puerto Errado 2 Thermosolar Power Plant

Commissioned in early 2012, Novatec Solar Espana’s 30 MW Puerto Errado 2 Thermosolar Power Plant is the world’s first and largest utility-scale, grid-connected linear fresnel reflector solar CSP power plant. The plant employs a dry-cooled Thermodyne SAS steam turbine for reduced water usage and incorporates a Ruth single-tank thermocline thermal storage system, utilizing hot water and saturated steam, for efficient steam buffering. The project is built on a 170 acre site and has (28) rows of LFR mirrors. Linear fresnel reflector technology (LFR) has concentrating solar power’s best land-to-electricity ratio due to a compact design and the potential use of space below the support structures. LFR technology uses flat or slightly curved mirrors to focus sunlight on to a linear receiver to boil water, generating 270 C to 500 C high-pressure direct steam to power the steam turbine genset. The direct steam technology eliminates the need for costly heat transfer fluids and heat exchangers. With simplified plant design, lower capital investment, and lower operational costs, LFR systems are among the most economical solar SCP technologies.

Heat Thermal Storage 30,000 0:30.00 Calasparra, Murcia, Spain

Operational

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Shiura Wind Park

The first wind farm in Japan with an output fluctuation regulating system. The wind farm has been operating commercially since 2009 with a total rated capacity of 15.4MW output from the wind turbines combined with a lead acid battery system for output stabilization with a capacity of 4.5MW: LL-W with a rated capacity of 10.5MWh. In the Tohoku-Area Japan, for the wind farm to be connected to the grid and sell the generated electricity to the utility, the output from the system must be kept within 10% of the rated output of the wind generation in a randomly selected 20 minute time range. The LL-W is a specially developed VRLA(Valve Regulated Lead Acid) battery to be used at PSOC (Partial State of Charge suited for stabilizing the output fluctuation from the wind generation, and with an expected lifetime of 17 years. As lead acid batteries are a cost efficient technology, especially combined with the long life of the LL-W which requires no major additional costs, such as replacements, the system contributes to the cost reduction of the overall project. Source: http://www.shinkobe-denki.co.jp/image/corporate/research/tr_2011_03.pdf

Valve Regulated Lead Acid Battery (VRLA) 4,500 2:20.00 Shiura, Aomori, Japan

Operational

Yuza Wind Farm Battery

The wind farm has been operating commercially since 2010 with a total rated capacity of 15.4MW output from the wind turbines combined with a lead acid battery system for output stabilization with a rated power of 4.5MW: LL-W with a rated capacity of 10.5MWh. In the Tohoku-Area Japan, for the wind farm to be connected to the grid and sell the generated electricity to the utility, the output from the system must be kept within 10% of the rated output of the wind generation in a randomly selected 20 minute time range. The LL-W is a specially developed VRLA(Valve Regulated Lead Acid) battery to be used at PSOC (Partial State of Charge suited for stabilizing the output fluctuation from the wind generation, and with an expected lifetime of 17 years. As lead acid batteries are a cost efficient technology, especially combined with the long life of the LL-W which requires no major additional costs, such as replacements, the system contributes to the cost reduction of the overall project. http://www.hitachi.com/rev/field/devices_materials/__icsFiles/afieldfile/2011/02/24/r2011_01_104.pdf

Valve Regulated Lead Acid Battery (VRLA) 4,500 2:20.00 Yuza, Yamagata, Japan

Operational

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Endesa STORE: La Palma Project

The aim of Endesa'a STORE project is to demonstrate the technical and financial viability of large-scale storage systems to improve the reliability and operation of the grid in weak and isolated island networks. Project STORE has three demonstration plants in the Canary Islands: • Lithium-ion battery system, with total installed capacity of 1MW/3MWh • A flywheel with total installed capacity of 0.5MW/18MWs • Ultra-Capacitors with total installed capacity of 4MW/20MWs With a budget of Euro 11 million, the project is partly financed by The Centre for Industrial Technological Development (CDTI) (a Business Public Entity, answering to the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness) and the European Union. The ultra capacitors we commissioned by Ingeteam. Read more details: http://goo.gl/YdhwNz

Electrochemical Capacitors 4,000 0:00.10 Los Guinchos Power