Projects

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Name Description Technology Rated Power (kW) Duration (HH:MM) Location Status
Thumb_dsc_2267 Prudent Energy VRB-ESS® - Gills Onions, California

Gills Onions has a bio waste-based advanced energy recovery system that produces methane and biogas from onion production waste. Prudent Energy's VRB® energy storage system provides peak-shaving and demand charge avoidance services to reduce Gills Onions' monthly electric utility bill.

Vanadium Redox Flow Battery 600 6:00.00 1051 South Pacific Avenue, Oxnard, California 93030, United States Operational
Thumb_xtreme_power_ Kahuku Wind Farm

Xtreme Power installed a 15 MW fully integrated energy storage and power management system designed to provide load firming for a 30 MW wind farm in Hawaii, as well as provide critical grid integration services. The project is supported by a U.S. DOE Office of Electricity loan guarantee. This is one of at least 3 other wind farm projects either planned or operational in Hawaii.

Advanced Lead Acid Battery 15,000 0:15.00 56-1101 Kamehameha Hwy, , Kahuku, Hawaii 96731, United States Offline/Under Repair
Thumb_bath_county_pic Bath County Pumped Storage Station

This project consists of a 3GW Pumped Hydro storage plant in Virginia that pumps water to an elevated reservoir at night and lets it run back down to generate electricity during the day.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 3,030,000 10:18.00 State Route 705, George Washington National Forest, Warm Springs, Virginia 24484, United States Operational
Thumb_kwp_i_photo Kaheawa I Wind Project

Xtreme Power installed a 1.5MW Dynamic Power Resource (DPR) as a demonstration project to perform Ramp Control for 3MW of the 30MW Kaheawa Wind Farm in Hawaii. The project uses Xtreme's patented Dynamic Power Resource energy storage and power management system.

Advanced Lead Acid Battery 1,500 0:15.00 Maui, Hawaii, United States Operational
Thumb_tres_amigas_pic Tres Amigas

The Tres Amigas Interconnection will connect the three major power grids in the US, allowing energy to be sold across the US for the first time. An energy storage system (TBD) will provide regulation services for this complex facility.

Advanced Lead Acid Battery 100 2:00.00 Clovis, New Mexico, United States Contracted
Thumb_dearborn_ford_plant_picture Xtreme Power Ford Manufacturing Assembly Plant

Xtreme integrated their Dynamic Power Resource with a solar power-run Ford car manufacturing plant in Dearborn Michigan. The Storage System helps to even out the intermittent solar resource.

Advanced Lead Acid Battery 750 2:40.00 3001 Miller Road, Dearborn, Michigan 48120, United States Operational
Thumb_ice_bear_fort_collins Redding Electric Utilities - Peak Capacity, Demand Response, HVAC Replacement Program

Ice Energy installed 1MW of Ice Bear Thermal Energy Storage Assets to assist Redding Electric Utility avoid procurement of high cost summer peak energy by shifting air conditioning load permanently to the night time hours when energy is more abundant and lower cost. The turnkey system costs $2170/kW.

Ice Thermal Storage 1,000 6:00.00 Redding, California, United States Operational
Thumb_pillarmountain Pillar Mountain Wind Project

Xtreme will install a 3MW Advanced Lead Acid energy storage system on the Kodiak Island grid to respond to grid voltage and frequency fluctuations from local wind generation. The energy storage will act as a "bridge" between the wind and hydro resources, allowing KEA (http://www.kodiakelectric.com) to increase reliable wind generation from 4.5 MW to 9MW. The Control System's architecture is designed such that the utility can add the service known as Ramp Control later in time if need be.

Advanced Lead Acid Battery 3,000 0:15.00 Kodiak, Alaska, United States Contracted
Thumb_aes_los_andes Los Andes

The Los Andes project provides critical contingency services to maintain the stability of the electric grid in Northern Chile, an important mining area. The project continuously monitors the condition of the power system and if a significant frequency deviation occurs, such as the loss of a generator or transmission line, the Los Andes system provides up to 12MW of power nearly instantaneously. This output can be maintained for 20 minutes at full power, allowing the system operator to resolve the event or bring other standby units online.

Lithium Ion Battery 12,000 0:20.00 Copiapo, Atacama, Chile Operational
Thumb_ice_bear_fort_collins Glendale Water and Power - Peak Capacity Project

Glendale Water and Power’s (GWP) Ice Bear project installed Ice Thermal Energy storage units at 28 Glendale city buildings and 58 local small, medium sized, and large commercial businesses. The project was supported by local trade companies and created approximately 40 jobs during the 1 year installation process. A total of 180 Ice Bear units have been installed in Glendale since the program’s inception. The turnkey system costs $2170/kW.

Ice Thermal Storage 1,500 6:00.00 Glendale, California, United States Operational
Thumb_ice_bear_fort_collins Southern California Edison - HVAC Optimization Program with energy storage

Southern California Edison partnered with Ice Energy to create a rebate program of $1800/kW for businesses to install the Ice Bear system at their commercial locations. The systems reduce peak HVAC energy demand significantly, meaning lower electricity consumption overall.

Ice Thermal Storage 750 6:00.00 Rosemead , California, United States Operational
Thumb_pnm_prosperity_energy_storage_project_pic PNM Prosperity Energy Storage Project

Public Service Company of New Mexico and its partners co-located a 1.0 MWh advanced lead acid battery (that integrates an Advanced VRLA and UltraBattery® technology) with a separately installed 500kW solar photovoltaic (PV) plant to create a dispatchable distributed generation resource. The BESS operates at 250 kW with a duration of 4 hours when performing energy time shift, and 500 kW with a duration of 15 minutes when performing voltage smoothing.

This hybrid resource provides simultaneous voltage smoothing and peak shifting through advanced control algorithms and switches between two configurations, end-of-feeder and beginning-of- feeder. The project has successfully demonstrated a variety of applications, including PV firming, peak shaving, energy arbitrage, optimized energy shifting selecting from the above application as well as simultaneously smoothing PV output. It has gathered close to 1 TB of 1 second interval data over 2 years from a variety of field points. Its control algorithms are securely importing real time market, system and feeder data and optimize operation of the BESS on a real time automated basis based on prioritized listing of applications. The project has also developed sophisticated dynamic modeling tools which are used to calibrate and optimize the battery system control algorithms. These models have furthered the understanding of feeders with storage and distributed generation on an industry wide basis and over 18 technical publications have stemmed from this project. The site is located in southeast Albuquerque. Results and real time data feeds are available at www.pnm.com/solarstorage and resil.

Advanced Lead Acid Battery 500 5:36.00 Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States Operational
Angamos

This project will utilize 20MW of A123 lithium-ion batteries to supply a flexible and scalable emissions-free reserve capacity installation for AES Gener. The advanced energy storage installation provides critical contingency services to maintain the stability of the electric grid in Northern Chile, an important mining area. It continuously monitors the condition of the power system and if a significant frequency deviation occurs—for example, the loss of a generator or transmission line—the energy storage system is capable of providing up to 20MW of power nearly instantaneously. This output is designed to be maintained for 15 minutes at full power, allowing the system operator to resolve the event or bring other standby units online.

Lithium Ion Battery 20,000 0:20.00 Mejillones, Antofagasta, Chile Operational
Thumb_xcel_wind-to-battery_pic Wind-to-Battery MinnWind Project

[UPDATE:The battery system is in cold shutdown until design modifications can be implemented to address potential for fire, as experienced with NGK battery system in Japan in 2011. Restart is projected in late 2012.]

In October 2008, Xcel Energy began testing a one-megawatt battery-storage technology to demonstrate its ability to store wind energy and move it to the electricity grid when needed. Xcel Energy purchased the battery from NGK Insulators Ltd. The sodium-sulfur battery is commercially available and versions of this technology are in use elsewhere in the U.S. and other parts of the world, but this is the first U.S. application of the battery as a direct wind energy storage device. The project is being conducted in Luverne, Minn., about 30 miles east of Sioux Falls, S.D. The battery installation is connected to a nearby 11-megawatt wind farm owned by Minwind Energy, LLC. The project received a $1 million grant from Xcel Energy’s Renewable Development Fund.

Sodium Sulfur Battery 1,000 7:00.00 Luverne, Minnesota, United States Offline/Under Repair
Thumb_stkilian7 St. Kilian Parish and School

Ice Storage is charged at night using low cost electricity with a smaller - right sized air cooled chiller. The stored cooling can then be discharged when cooling loads are high, electric demand is high, or in response to a demand response event.

Ice Thermal Storage 100 6:00.00 7076 Franklin Road, Cranberry Township, Pennsylvania 16066, United States Operational
Thumb__mcp7415_tn University of Queensland M90

RedFlow's M90 energy storage system has been fully operational since 2 July 2012, installed at the University of Queensland and connected to one of the University's 340kW solar arrays. The M90 is rated at 90kW / 240kWh and houses 24 of RedFlow's ZBMs in a 20ft shipping container.

Zinc Bromine Redox Flow Battery 90 2:00.00 Brisbane, Queensland, Australia Operational
Thumb_lanai Lanai Sustainability Research

Xtreme Power deployed a 1.125 MVA Dynamic Power Resource (DPR) at the Lanai Sustainability Research's 1.5MW DC/1.2MW AC solar farm in order to double the output of the solar and control the ramp rate to +/- 360 kW/min. The solar farm was previously curtailed to 600 kW, and is now operating at full capacity with the DPR.

Advanced Lead Acid Battery 1,125 0:15.00 Lanai, Hawaii, United States Operational
Thumb_paradise_rev2 Kaua'i Island Utility Cooperative

The KIUC DPR is designed to mitigate the variability of a 3 MW solar PV project for the Kaua’i Island Utility Cooperative, as well as provide critical grid support services for the island grid. The DPR will provide responsive reserves to the island utility and correct any frequency and voltage deviations.

Advanced Lead Acid Battery 1,500 0:15.00 Koloa, Hawaii, United States Operational
Thumb_xcel_dpr___solar Xcel and SolarTAC

The project is designed to collect operational data on the integration of energy storage and solar energy systems at the Solar Technology Acceleration Center (SolarTAC). The DPR will perform Ramp Control, Frequency Response, Voltage Support, and Firming/Shaping along with other valuable services for solar energy.

Advanced Lead Acid Battery 1,500 0:15.00 Aurora, Colorado, United States Operational
Thumb_bethelpark_thermal_storage_insulated_and_roughed_in Bethel Park High School

Energy storage allows Bethel Park HS a lower connected load to the grid while allowing the cooling system to capture and store efficient low cost energy for use during high demand and high cost periods. This $73 million dollar 326,000 sq.ft. high school came in 18% under projected costs yet still earned a Green Globes Level 3 designation which is similar to LEED Gold in efficiency. The project was designed by Weber Murphy Fox Architects, the Hayes Design Group and Tower Engineering. IceBank energy storage was used which allowed a reduction of the electric chiller size to almost half while increasing efficiency and reducing operating costs. A conventional cooling design would have required 830 tons of chiller to provide cooling during peak times. Instead 432 tons of electric cooling was installed and 2250 net usable tn hours of storage resulting in an average demand reduction of 375 kW.

Ice Thermal Storage 375 6:00.00 309 Church Road, Bethel Park, Pennsylvania 15102, United States Operational
Thumb_bess Battery Energy Storage System (BESS)

Completed in December 2003, the BESS is one of GVEA's initiatives to improve the reliability of service to GVEA members. In the event of a generation or transmission related outage, it can provide 27 megawatts of power for 15 minutes. That's enough time for the co-op to start up local generation when there are problems with the Intertie or power plants in Anchorage.

One of the requirements for construction of the Intertie was a reactive power supply capable of delivering power should generation fail. At the heart of the world's most powerful energy storage battery are two core components: the Nickel-Cadmium (Ni-Cad) batteries, developed by Saft, and the converter, designed and supplied by ABB. The converter changes the batteries' DC power into AC power ready for use in GVEA's transmission system.

Awards Received:

- ABB was awarded the Platts 2003 Global Energy Award for their design and development of the BESS converter.
- The Electric Power Resarch Institue Technology Award for the BESS project at the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association Annual Meeting on February 15 2004.
- Guiness World Record certificate acknowledging that the BESS is the world's most powerful battery on December 10, 2003. During a test of its maximum limit, it discharged 46 megawatts for five minutes

Statistics:

- 13,760 liquid electrolyte-filled Ni-Cad cells
- Each battery is roughly the size of a large PC and weighs 165 pounds
- Total BESS weight - 1,500 tons
- Batteries have an anticipated life of 20-30 years
- Can be run at 46MW for for as long as five minutes

Nickel Cadmium Battery 27,000 0:15.00 Fairbanks, Alaska, United States Operational
Thumb_duquesne_chillers_and_tanksii Duquesne University

Duquesne University is a landlocked but growing university in the heart of Pittsburgh. The Power Center, a new LEED project, was to be added to the central cooling plant upon completion. Additionally, the AJ Palumbo Center HVAC cooling systems were going to be replaced in the near future so additional cooling capacity was needed. Room for an additional cooling tower was hard to come by so it was decided to use the existing cooling tower capacity that was available at night. So an ice making chiller and 6000 tn hours of energy storage were installed to the existing cooling plant. The University is now very cooling diverse as it is able to cool with nighttime and or daytime grid energy using electric chillers, or cool using absorption chillers fired with waste heat or natural gas, or cool with energy storage made and stored off peak. Additionally, the university has a combined heat and power generation system that, when combined with energy storage and absorption cooling opens up many demand response opportunities. The load shed results have been favorable under the Duquesne ACT 129 Demand Response Events that were issued through June 2012. This was done by reducing the electric chiller(s) operation under peak load management parameters.

Ice Thermal Storage 600 6:00.00 600 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15282, United States Operational
Thumb_img_1216 Landing Mall DR

A nominal 50-kWh bank of LI batteries packaged with a 75-kW inverter and open DR dispatch protocol is installed at a mall in downtown Port Angeles, WA. The storage bank can be charged or discharged via a remote signal by the local utility as a means for load shaping and Rapid Demand Response. The mall can also use the storage bank to peak shave when the storage is not used by the utility.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 75 0:32.00 Landing Mall on the Front Street, Port Angeles, Washington 98362, United States Operational
Thumb_olivenhainlakehodgesdam_ar2007sml Olivenhain-Hodges Storage Project

The Lake Hodges project is part of the San Diego County Water Authority's Emergency Storage Project, a system of reservoirs, interconnected pipelines and pumping stations designed to make water available to the San Diego region in the event of an interruption in imported water deliveries.

The project connects the city of San Diego’s Hodges Reservoir, also called Lake Hodges, to the Water Authority’s Olivenhain Reservoir via a 1.25-mile pipeline travelling 770 feet vertically. The connection provides the ability to store 20,000 acre-feet of water in Hodges Reservoir for emergency use. The connection will also allow water to be pumped back and forth between Hodges Reservoir and Olivenhain Reservoir. From Olivenhain Reservoir, water can be distributed throughout the region by the Water Authority’s delivery system.

When water is transferred downhill from Olivenhain Reservoir into Hodges Reservoir, it generates up to 40-megawatts of peak hydroelectric energy, enough power to annually sustain nearly 26,000 homes. This energy will help offset project's operating costs and support future Water Authority projects. The Lake Hodges Projects will also help keep Hodges Reservoir at a more constant level during dry seasons, capture runoff during rainy seasons and prevent spills over Hodges Dam.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 40,000 8:00.00 Escondido, California 92033, United States Operational
Thumb_tes_raleigh_tank The State of North Carolina

2.68 million gallon, chilled water, Thermal Energy Storage tank. Built partially buried and serving the district cooling system for 25 state government buildings.

Chilled Water Thermal Storage 2,590 8:00.00 Salsbury St. , Raleigh, North Carolina 27601, United States Operational
Eagle Mountain Project

Eagle Mountain Mine was operated by Kaiser Steel Corporation from 1948 to 1982 for the mining and concentrating of iron ore through excavation of four open pits located on land. Eagle Crest Energy obtained exclusive rights to study the site for development of a hydroelectric project from the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. Using open mind hits as reservoirs, the Eagle Mountain Pumped Storage Project will store water in an upper reservoir for later release through an underground power plant to the lower reservoir, generating electricity during peak hours when it is needed most.

The Eagle Mountain Pumped Storage Project will utilize four 325 MW reversible hydroelectric turbines to provide 1300 MW of firm, stable, and dispatchable power when needed. It will provide electricity during the peak electrical demand periods, unexpected generation outages, and help correct and balances in the southwestern grid. Through its ability to store the off-peak energy produced by windmills, solar panels, and baseload nuclear and fossil fuel plants, this single project can accomplish the equivalent of many smaller peak-energy projects. This project will also help make renewable wind and solar projects fully integrated, reliable generation sources.

Closed Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,300,000 n/a Desert Center, California, United States Contracted
Thumb_uofa_icetanks-_crop University of Arizona

The university placed three separate orders for energy storage tanks and they were added to two of their three existing central plants in 2004, 2006 and 2007. There are 205 tanks total at the two plants.

Ice Thermal Storage 3,000 6:00.00 1339 E. Helen Street, Tucson, Arizona 85717, United States Operational
Thumb_elcapitan_four_color_tanks El Capitan

El Capitan was named LA BOMA Building of the Year in 1999. It is across from the Kodak Theatre on Hollywood's "Walk of Fame". A chiller and series of energy storage tanks are on the roof of the building and meet all of the cooling load during the peak times of the utility. The installation was part of a major retrofit project in 1997 and 1998. It yielded a 25 percent reduction in annual energy costs, saving the building management approximately $23,000 in utility costs each year. Additionally, building management has incrementally increased the number of hours the building relies on for energy storage, stabilizing energy costs as new tenants move into the building.

Ice Thermal Storage 150 6:00.00 6834 Hollywood Boulevard, Los Angeles, California 90028, United States Operational
Thumb_calmac_icebank_energy_storagetank_100x80_linkedin Mission City Office Complex

Energy storage tanks in the basement of the parking structure meet the peak cooling loads of 3 office towers from 6am to 6pm during the work week in the summer, charging from 10PM-6AM (Off-peak) 5 days/week. In the winter, the cooling loads are lower so the energy storage tanks meet the cooling requirements often for up to a week without recharging.

Ice Thermal Storage 500 7:00.00 2365 Northside Drive, San Diego, California 92108, United States Operational
Thumb_icebank_tanks_fossil_ridge_hs Fossil Ridge High School

Fossil Ridge High School is 60% more efficient than a comparable building. This school won a first place ASHRAE Technology Award- in the New Institutional Category, is certified LEED Silver and received an ENERGY STAR Rating of 94. In the school year (July 1, 2010-June 30, 2011) FRHS performed at 6.6 kWh/SF/Yr. and 41.1 kBtu/SF/Yr. (natural gas and electric).

Ice Thermal Storage 200 8:00.00 5400 Ziegler Road, Fort Collins, Colorado 80528, United States Operational
Thumb_owens-illinois_building_photo O-I World Headquarters

O-I World Headquarters has a 400 ton peak cooling load. This building is an owner occupied office building with a LEED Silver certification.

Ice Thermal Storage 250 12:00.00 Perrysburg, Ohio 43551, United States Operational
Thumb_100_0571_revised University of Central Florida

Chilled water thermal energy storage system that is integrated into the existing district cooling system for the university. Please contact Guy Frankenfield at DN Tanks to obtain a copy of the case study.

Chilled Water Thermal Storage 3,000 8:00.00 4000 Central Florida Blvd., Orlando, Florida, United States Operational
LIRR Malverne WESS

Installation is on Long Island Rail Road (LIRR) property near the Malverne station. The system performs regenerative braking, charging and discharging in 20 second time periods. NYSERDA is co-funding this project.

Double-layer Ultra Capacitor Battery 2,000 0:01.00 Hempstead Ave., Malverne, New York 11565, United States Under Construction
Thumb_metakatla Metlakatla BESS

Metlakatla Power and Light (MP&L) has a BESS installation consisting of Exide (GNB Industrial Power) VRLA cells, providing rapid spinning reserve, frequency control, and better power quality. Beginning operation in 1997, the MP&L BESS has a 1 MW peak power output, and 1.4 MWh energy capacity. It is capable of supporting continuous loads of 800 kilovolt amperes (kVA), pulse loads up to 1200 kVA, and consists of 378 Absolyte VRLA 100A75 modules. Nearly 5 MW of hydroelectric generation capacity provides almost all of MP&L’s power, with a 3.3 MW diesel generation system relegated to reserve duty. MP&L’s two hydroelectric plants, Purple Lake and Chester Lake, have reservoir storage capacity, though the hydro generators were too slow to respond to sudden load fluctuations. At the time of the BESS’s initial operations, the MP&L peak load was approximately 4 MW. A lumber mill in Metlakatla (since closed down) caused large, sudden power spikes on the community’s islanded power system, and the BESS was installed to provide fast response for the mill’s rapid load changes.

The MP&L BESS is housed in a purpose-built 40-foot by 70-foot steel butler building that sits on a cement pad. Installation cost of the 1 MW/1.4 MWh Excide Metlakatla BESS was $1.6 million in 1996 dollars (estimated cost in 2009 dollars: $2.2 million). Today, MP&L is in the process of replacing the batteries after 12 years of service. The estimated cost for a replacement of BESS’s EXIDE cells (including contingency) will be about $750,000. Spent battery cells will be sent to a lead-acid battery recycling plant in Quebec.

Lead Acid Battery 1,000 1:24.00 3.5 Mile Airport Rd., Metlakatla, Alaska 99926, United States Operational
SDG&E-Greensmith Li-ion Energy Storage System Demonstration

As part of an EPRI collaborative research and development (R&D) project to evaluate the performance and reliability of a variety of grid-connected Li-ion battery technologies, San Diego Gas & Electric (SDG&E) installed a 50 kW / 82 kWh Greensmith lithium-iron-phosphate distributed energy storage system (DESS) at the utility’s test facility. For this overarching collaborative demonstration, EPRI’s Energy Storage Program (P94) and Distributed Renewables Program (P174) are working in partnership with select utility members to investigate PV-battery integration capabilities. Serving as a “host” utility to EPRI’s supplemental demonstration initiative, SDG&E installed a Greensmith DESS in a grid-connected configuration in June 2011 and has been conducting operating evaluations of the unit over the past 6 months.

Testing and operating evaluation conducted by SDG&E encompasses exercising the DESS’s various modes of operation, which include:
- Constant power charge/discharge schedule;
- Peak shaving; and
- PV smoothing.

Lithium Ion Battery 50 1:40.00 San Diego, California, United States Operational
BYD Li-ion Energy Storage System Demonstration

The battery unit is one of several that are being tested by EPRI at its Power Delivery & Utilization (PDU) Lab in Knoxville, TN. The system, along with the other Distributed Energy Storage Systems (DESS's), was installed in early/mid 2011 and has since been operating under various stages of testing against EPRI’s DESS test protocol.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 50 0:55.00 Knoxville, Tennessee, United States Operational
NEC Li-ion Energy Storage System Demonstration

The battery unit is one of several that are being tested by EPRI at its Power Delivery & Utilization (PDU) Lab in Knoxville, TN. The system, along with the other Distributed Energy Storage Systems (DESS's), was installed in early/mid 2011 and has since been operating under various stages of testing against EPRI’s DESS test protocol.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 25 1:55.00 Knoxville, Tennessee, United States Operational
Greensmith-International Battery Li-ion Energy Storage System Demonstration

The battery unit is one of several that are being tested by EPRI at its Power Delivery & Utilization (PDU) Lab in Knoxville, TN. The system, along with the other Distributed Energy Storage Systems (DESS's), was installed in early/mid 2011 and has since been operating under various stages of testing against EPRI’s DESS test protocol.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 50 1:40.00 Knoxville, Tennessee, United States Operational
Beckett Energy Systems Li-ion Energy Storage System Demonstration

The battery unit is one of several that are being tested by EPRI at its Power Delivery & Utilization (PDU) Lab in Knoxville, TN. The system, along with the other Distributed Energy Storage Systems (DESS's), was installed in early/mid 2011 and has since been operating under various stages of testing against EPRI’s DESS test protocol.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 25 0:30.00 Knoxville, Tennessee, United States Operational
Greensmith-Boston Power Li-ion Energy Storage System

The battery unit is one of several that are being tested by EPRI at its Power Delivery & Utilization (PDU) Lab in Knoxville, TN. The system, along with the other Distributed Energy Storage Systems (DESS's), was installed in early/mid 2011 and has since been operating under various stages of testing against EPRI’s DESS test protocol.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 25 0:30.00 Knoxville, Tennessee, United States Operational
Thumb_mcintosh_caes McIntosh CAES Plant

The 2nd commercial CAES plant, in operation since 1991. Like the Huntorf plant, the McIntosh Unit 1 facility stores compressed air in a solution-mined salt cavern. The cavern is 220 ft in diameter and 1,000 ft tall, for a total volume of 10 million cubic feet. At full charge, the cavern is pressurized to 1,100 psi, and it is discharged down to 650 psi. During discharge, 340 pounds of air flow out of the cavern each second. The cavern can discharge for 26 hours. The plant also utilizes nuclear-sourced night-time power for compression and then produces peak power during the day by releasing the compressed air into a 110-MW gas-fired combustion turbine built by Dresser Rand. The turbine unit also makes use of an air-to-air heat exchanger to preheat air from the cavern with waste heat from the turbine. The waste heat recovery system reduces fuel usage by roughly 25%.

Compared to conventional combustion turbines, the CAES-fed system can start up in 15 minutes rather than 30 minutes, uses only 30% to 40% of the natural gas, and operates efficiently down to low loads (about 25% of full load). The key function of the facility is for peak shaving.

In-ground Natural Gas Combustion Compressed Air Storage 110,000 26:00.00 Jefferson Davis Highway and Allen Barnes Rd., McIntosh, Alabama, United States Operational
Thumb_kaheawa_2_wind_farm Kaheawa Wind Power Project II

On the island of Maui, a 10-MW/45 minute Xtreme Power DPR is being integrated with the 21-MW Kaheawa Wind Power II project, built by First Wind, to provide utility-scale power storage and management. The DPR is intended to address the issue of curtailment as renewable energy penetration rates increase on Maui; in addition, it will provide ramp control, responsive reserves, frequency regulation, and automatic generation control (AGC) for the Maui Electric Co. (MECO).

Advanced Lead Acid Battery 10,000 0:45.00 Maalaea, Hawaii, United States Operational
Thumb_redding_ice_energy_phase_2 Redding Electric Utilities - Peak Capacity, Demand Response, HVAC Replacement Program Phase 2

Ice Energy and REU will collaborate on the second phase. The program to install Ice Bear® units within the northern California territory aims to reduce peak electricity load demand by up to 6 MW over five years. REU expects to have the thermal energy storage program completed in 2017. Skyway Machine, a local Redding manufacturing company, will provide final assembly of the new Ice Bear units.

Ice Thermal Storage 6,000 2:00.00 Redding, California, United States Contracted
Pacific Gas and Electric Company Advanced Underground Compressed Air Energy Storage

A 300 MW A-CAES demo plant will use an underground storage container (depleted gas reservoir), and next-generation turbomachinery. The project has 3 phases: Phase 1 - preliminary engineering, geologic reservoir engineering, econmoic analyses, and regulatory permitting; Phase 2 - Construction and plant commissioning; Phase 3: Plant operation and plant performance monitoring. Ph 2 of the project will go ahead if the Ph1 results show PG&E and California regulatory management that the project is cost effective.

In-ground Compressed Air Storage 300,000 10:00.00 San Joaquin County, California, United States Announced
Next Gen CAES using Steel Piping

9-MW plant will use steel piping to hold pressurized air instead of geologic based air store. Preliminary plant design complete; NYSERDA funding expected in July 2012; Vendors, utility sponsor, and site location determined. Groundbreaking slated for 2013 to 2014 time frame.

Modular Compressed Air Storage 9,000 4:30.00 Queens, New York, United States Announced
Amber Kinetics Flywheel Energy Storage Demonstration

Amber Kinetics is developing a flywheel system from sub-scale research prototype to full-scale mechanical flywheel battery and will conduct both a commercial-scale and a utility-scale demonstration. The goal is to deliver a cost-effective prototype flywheel system that can be grid connected and electrically charged and discharged. The system will have built-in sensing components that can determine frequency and voltage characteristics of the grid and can override the grid signal to manage the amount of electricity discharged. The flywheel stores energy in a spinning rotor that is connected to an electric motor that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. To recover the energy the motor is electrically reversed and used as a generator to slow down the flywheel converting the mechanical energy back into electrical energy. Amber Kinetics will improve the traditional flywheel system by engineering breakthroughs in three areas, resulting in higher efficiency and radically reduced cost: magnetic bearings, low-cost rotor, and high-efficiency motor generator. This technology can also be used to optimize existing infrastructure.

The 48-month project contains 3 phases.
Phase 1: engineering of a 10kW/10kWh prototype system, includes demonstration of flywheel system, rotor performance, and demonstration of low-loss bearings and motor (Completed)
Phase 2: commercial-scale prototype development, includes 100 kWh flywheel energy storage systems, with focus on scale up and cost reductions
Phase 3: grid-connected demonstration, includes MWh size grid-connected demonstration of system performance and cycle life.

Interim report available at: http://www.smartgrid.gov/sites/default/files/pdfs/tpr_final_phase1_amber_kinetics.pdf

Flywheel 10 1:00.00 Fremont, California, United States Announced
Thumb_gcn_ssgu1 Green Charge Networks Lithium Ion Distributed Energy Storage System at 7-Eleven

Green Charge Networks' GreenStation demonstration consists of a Lithium Ion storage unit, a system controller, two Level 2 electric vehicle chargers, and a rooftop PV array. Primary benefits include peak shaving and demand charge avoidance. The system is tied to a network operations center where loads are monitored and controlled in real-time. The project is supported by a DOE Smart Grid Demonstration Grant.

Lithium Ion Battery 50 3:00.00 61-19 Northern Boulevard, Queens, New York 11377, United States Operational
Thumb_gcn_ssgu2_avis Green Charge Networks Lithium Ion Distributed Energy Storage System at Avis

Green Charge Networks' GreenStation demonstration consists of a Lithium Ion storage unit, a system controller, twenty-one Level 2 electric vehicle chargers, and a rooftop PV array. The GreenStation ensures that Avis has enough capacity to charge 21 EVs simultaneously, performs peak mitigation in the main building, and avoids utility service upgrades. The system is tied to a network operations center where loads are monitored and controlled in real time. The project is supported by a DOE Smart Grid Demonstration Grant.

Lithium Ion Battery 100 1:36.00 25 Bowery Bay Boulevard, Queens, New York 11371, United States Operational
Guodian Supply-Side Energy Storage Project

This project is State Power's first supply-side energy storage project, incorporating 49.5 MW installed wind capacity and a 5 MW lithium-ion battery system. The energy storage system improves the quality of wind power electricity, reduces wind curtailment, and allows the electric power grid to accept a greater amount of wind power.

Lithium Ion Battery 5,000 2:00.00 Jinzhou, Liaoning, China Contracted
SustainX Inc Isothermal Compressed Air Energy Storage

SustainX is constructing a 1.5MW pilot system in Seabrook, New Hampshire to demonstrate their modular isothermal compressed air energy storage system (ICAES). This second generation ICAES system is scheduled for completion in 2013, with the third generation field-deployed ICAES system ready for operation by 2014. The current schedule would have SustainX's isothermal system ready for commercial production in 2015.

SustainX’s ICAES system captures the heat from compression in water and stores the captured heat until it is needed again for expansion. Storing the captured heat eliminates the need for a gas combustion turbine and improves efficiency. SustainX achieves isothermal cycling by combining patented innovations with a design control on mature industrial components and principles.
The system is designed for a 20-year lifetime. It achieves full power output from start-up in less than one minute, and it does not use toxic chemicals.

Modular IsoThermal Compressed Air Storage 1,500 1:00.00 Seabrook, New Hampshire, United States Operational
Thumb_battery5 Iron Edison - 700Ah 24V Nickel Iron PWP

This 700Ah 24V Nickel Iron battery is powered by 2.8kW of solar panels. This system utilizes the Apollo Solar Pre-wired Panel (PWP) with a 3200 Watt pure sine wave inverter, and dual 80 amp MPPT charge controllers.

Nickel Iron (NiFe) Battery 17 10:00.00 Montezuma Canyon, Utah, United States Operational
Thumb_img_1656 Iron Edison - 400Ah 48V Nickel Iron w/ Trace

This system had been installed around 1997. When the grid went down a few years ago across the northeastern US, the system owner found out that his battery no longer held any charge. He left the system disconnected until 2012 when he contacted Iron Edison to get a new battery for an old Trace inverter. This system features a 400Ah 48V Nickel Iron battery sitting atop a custom-fit battery rack. It is an off-grid system supplementing on-site renewable generation.

Nickel Iron (NiFe) Battery 20 10:00.00 Danbury, Connecticut, United States Operational
Thumb_dsc07957 EnerVault Redox Flow Battery Demo Project

This project demonstrates an iron-chromium redox flow battery system in combination with an intermittent, renewable energy source. The project uses EnerVault’s Engineered Cascade™ architecture to reduce demand charges and enhance the performance of a dual-axis tracking photovoltaic system to power a large irrigation pump. The project, underway now, will establish the suitability of energy storage systems to meet the safety, reliability, and cost requirements of distributed energy storage. The project is supported by a U.S. DOE ARRA Storage Demonstration grant.

Iron Chromium Redox Flow Battery 250 4:00.00 Denair, California, United States Under Construction
Thumb_img_about01 Kasai Green Energy Park

Kasai Green Energy Park Massive Testing Site for the Realization of a Low-Carbon Society.

Panasonic is contributing towards the realization of a low-carbon society through its photovoltaic modules and lithium-ion batteries, as well as through its energy management technologies for the control of these component technologies. The company has begun various proving tests at its Kasai Plant in Hyogo prefecture,which which is Panasonic's manufacturing facility for batteries used in environmentally-friendly vehicles.

By bringing together green minds, green actions, and green technologies,we are contributing in the movement towards a global low-carbon society. The Kasai Green Energy Park is at the forefront of this movement,and Panasonic is combining the efforts of all its companies in order to contribute to achieving a green society on a global level.

Lithium Ion Battery 1,500 1:00.00 Kasai, Hyogo, Japan Operational
Fujian Electric Power Research Institute Mobile Energy Storage Station I

In October 2011, the Fujian Electric Power Research Institute began plans to develop a mobile energy storage prototype project consisting of (I) two sets of 125kW/250kWh battery systems and (II) one 125kW/375kWh hour battery system. This energy storage unit will provide peak electricity for 10 to 15 commercial electricity consumers in the tea production industry. When Anxi is not producing tea, the system is moved to Fuan to meet peak electricity demands for manufacturing of white tea.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 250 2:00.00 Anxi, Fujian, China Operational
Fujian China Electric Power Research Institute Mobile Energy Storage Station II

In October 2011, the Fujian Electric Power Research Institute began plans to develop a mobile energy storage prototype project consisting of (I) two sets of 125kW/250kWh battery systems and (II) one 125kW/375kWh hour battery system. This energy storage unit will provide peak electricity for 10 to 15 commercial electricity consumers in the tea production industry. When Anxi is not producing tea, the system is moved to Fuan to meet peak electricity demands for manufacturing of white tea.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 125 3:00.00 Anxi, Fujian, China Operational
Thumb_zhangbei_ess_project_energy_storage_china Zhangbei National Wind and Solar Energy Storage and Transmission Demonstration Project (I) (张北风光储输示范项目一期工程-1)

The Zhangbei National Wind and Solar Energy Storage and Transmission Demonstration Project will eventually grow to include 500 MW of installed wind capacity, 100 MW of installed solar PV capacity and 110 MW of energy storage with an overall investment of 12 billion RMB (1.89 billion USD).

The project currently includes a total of 14MW of lithium-ion batteries and a vanadium redox flow battery:
(I) 6MW/36MWh Lithium Iron Phosphate batteries (BYD Auto)
(II) 4MW/16MWh Lithium-ion batteries (Amperex Technology Limited (ATL))
(III) 3MW/9MWh Lithium-ion batteries (China Aviation Lithium Battery Co., Ltd.)
(IV) 1MW/2MWh Lithium-ion batteries (Wanxiang Group)
(V) 2MW/8MWh Vanadium Redox Flow Battery (Prudent Energy)
Note: The 5 National Wind and Solar Energy Storage and Transmission Demonstration Project entries in the DOE Energy Storage Database correspond to the 4 lithium-ion battery systems and 1 vanadium redox flow battery system. Original plans to include 4MW of sodium sulfur batteries have been delayed over safety concerns.

Energy storage applications include wind solar and other renewable energy integration, frequency regulation and voltage support. The project is focused on using battery energy storage to enable interactive management of the electric power grid.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 6,000 6:00.00 Zhangbei, Hebei, China Operational
Thumb_zhangbei_ess_project_energy_storage_china Zhangbei National Wind and Solar Energy Storage and Transmission Demonstration Project (II) (张北风光储输示范项目一期工程-2)

The Zhangbei National Wind and Solar Energy Storage and Transmission Demonstration Project will eventually grow to include 500 MW of installed wind capacity, 100 MW of installed solar PV capacity and 110 MW of energy storage with an overall investment of 12 billion RMB (1.89 billion USD).

The project currently includes a total of 14MW of lithium-ion batteries and a vanadium redox flow battery:
(I) 6MW/36MWh Lithium Iron Phosphate batteries (BYD Auto)
(II) 4MW/16MWh Lithium-ion batteries (Amperex Technology Limited (ATL))
(III) 3MW/9MWh Lithium-ion batteries (China Aviation Lithium Battery Co., Ltd.)
(IV) 1MW/2MWh Lithium-ion batteries (Wanxiang Group)
(V) 2MW/8MWh Vanadium Redox Flow Battery (Prudent Energy)
Note: The 5 National Wind and Solar Energy Storage and Transmission Demonstration Project entries in the DOE Energy Storage Database correspond to the 4 lithium-ion battery systems and 1 vanadium redox flow battery system. Original plans to include 4MW of sodium sulfur batteries have been delayed over safety concerns.

Energy storage applications include wind solar and other renewable energy integration, frequency regulation and voltage support. The project is focused on using battery energy storage to enable interactive management of the electric power grid.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 4,000 4:00.00 Zhangbei, Hebei, China Operational
Thumb_zhangbei_ess_project_energy_storage_china Zhangbei National Wind and Solar Energy Storage and Transmission Demonstration Project (III) (张北风光储输示范项目一期工程-3)

The Zhangbei National Wind and Solar Energy Storage and Transmission Demonstration Project will eventually grow to include 500 MW of installed wind capacity, 100 MW of installed solar PV capacity and 110 MW of energy storage with an overall investment of 12 billion RMB (1.89 billion USD). The project currently includes a total of 14MW of lithium-ion batteries and a vanadium redox flow battery: (I) 6MW/36MWh Lithium Iron Phosphate batteries (BYD Auto) (II) 4MW/16MWh Lithium-ion batteries (Amperex Technology Limited (ATL)) (III) 3MW/9MWh Lithium-ion batteries (China Aviation Lithium Battery Co., Ltd.) (IV) 1MW/2MWh Lithium-ion batteries (Wanxiang Group) (V) 2MW/8MWh Vanadium Redox Flow Battery (Prudent Energy) Note: The 5 National Wind and Solar Energy Storage and Transmission Demonstration Project entries in the DOE Energy Storage Database correspond to the 4 lithium-ion battery systems and 1 vanadium redox flow battery system. Original plans to include 4MW of sodium sulfur batteries have been delayed over safety concerns. Energy storage applications include wind solar and other renewable energy integration, frequency regulation and voltage support. The project is focused on using battery energy storage to enable interactive management of the electric power grid.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 1,000 2:00.00 Zhangbei, Hebei, China Operational
Thumb_zhangbei_ess_project_energy_storage_china Zhangbei National Wind and Solar Energy Storage and Transmission Demonstration Project (IV) 张北风光储输示范项目一期工程-4

The Zhangbei National Wind and Solar Energy Storage and Transmission Demonstration Project will eventually grow to include 500 MW of installed wind capacity, 100 MW of installed solar PV capacity and 110 MW of energy storage with an overall investment of 12 billion RMB (1.89 billion USD).

The project currently includes a total of 14MW of lithium-ion batteries and a vanadium redox flow battery:
(I) 6MW/36MWh Lithium Iron Phosphate batteries (BYD Auto)
(II) 4MW/16MWh Lithium-ion batteries (Amperex Technology Limited (ATL))
(III) 3MW/9MWh Lithium-ion batteries (China Aviation Lithium Battery Co., Ltd.)
(IV) 1MW/2MWh Lithium-ion batteries (Wanxiang Group)
(V) 2MW/8MWh Vanadium Redox Flow Battery (Prudent Energy)
Note: The 5 National Wind and Solar Energy Storage and Transmission Demonstration Project entries in the DOE Energy Storage Database correspond to the 4 lithium-ion battery systems and 1 vanadium redox flow battery system. Original plans to include 4MW of sodium sulfur batteries have been delayed over safety concerns.

Energy storage applications include wind solar and other renewable energy integration, frequency regulation and voltage support. The project is focused on using battery energy storage to enable interactive management of the electric power grid.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 3,000 3:00.00 Zhangbei, Hebei, China Operational
Thumb_zb_vrb Zhangbei National Wind and Solar Energy Storage and Transmission Demonstration Project (V) (张北风光储输示范项目一期工程-5)

The Zhangbei National Wind and Solar Energy Storage and Transmission Demonstration Project will eventually grow to include 500 MW of installed wind capacity, 100 MW of installed solar PV capacity and 110 MW of energy storage with an overall investment of 12 billion RMB (1.89 billion USD).

The project currently includes a total of 14MW of lithium-ion batteries and a vanadium redox flow battery:
(I) 6MW/36MWh Lithium Iron Phosphate batteries (BYD Auto)
(II) 4MW/16MWh Lithium-ion batteries (Amperex Technology Limited (ATL))
(III) 3MW/9MWh Lithium-ion batteries (China Aviation Lithium Battery Co., Ltd.)
(IV) 1MW/2MWh Lithium-ion batteries (Wanxiang Group)
(V) 2MW/8MWh Vanadium Redox Flow Battery (Prudent Energy)
Note: The 5 National Wind and Solar Energy Storage and Transmission Demonstration Project entries in the DOE Energy Storage Database correspond to the 4 lithium-ion battery systems and 1 vanadium redox flow battery system. Original plans to include 4MW of sodium sulfur batteries have been delayed over safety concerns.

Energy storage applications include wind solar and other renewable energy integration, frequency regulation and voltage support. The project is focused on using battery energy storage to enable interactive management of the electric power grid.

Vanadium Redox Flow Battery 2,000 4:00.00 Zhangbei, Hebei, China Operational
Thumb_nissantechcenter_detroitmichagan Nissan Technical Center North America Inc

This is an owner-occupied office and technical center. The Ice Thermal Storage System provides load shifting to the owner-occupied office and technical center. On most days while the building is occupied (peak hours), the building can run solely off of the ice system. However, there are certain peak summer days (roughly 30% of the time) when a chiller is run in in series with the storage system to meet the total building demand.

Ice Thermal Storage 1,425 16:00.00 Farmington Hills, Michigan 48331, United States Operational
Thumb_jcp_ice JC Penney Headquarters

One of the largest thermal energy storage systems in the world; LEED Gold certified. The system offsets the peak demands of electrical use by making ice each night to cool the building the following day.

Ice Thermal Storage 4,425 12:00.00 6501 Legacy Drive, Plano, Texas 75301, United States Operational
Thumb_aes_laurel_mountain Laurel Mountain

AES installed a wind generation plant comprised of 98 MW of wind generation and 32 MW of integrated battery-based energy storage. The project is supplying emissions-free renewable energy and clean, flexible, operating reserve capacity to the PJM Interconnection, the largest power market in the world.

Lithium Ion Battery 32,000 0:15.00 Elkins, West Virginia, United States Operational
Thumb_johnson_city_aes_plant Johnson City

AES installed a bank of 800,000 A123 Lithium-ion batteries to perform frequency regulation for the New York ISO. The system was the largest Lithium-ion battery in commercial service on the US power grid when completed.

Lithium Ion Battery 8,000 0:15.00 Johnson City, New York, United States Operational
Aquion Energy Sodium-Ion Battery for Grid-level Applications

Through the course of this project Aquion developed its aqueous electrolyte electrochemical energy storage device to the point where large demonstration units (> 10 kWh) were able to function in grid-supporting functions detailed by their collaborators. Aquion’s final deliverable was an ~15 kWh system that has the ability to perform medium to long duration (> 2 hours) charge and discharge functions approaching 95% DC-DC efficiency. The system has functioned, and continues to function as predicted with no indication that it will not tolerate well beyond 10 calendar years and 10,000 cycles. It has been in continuous operation for more than 1 year with 1,000 cycles (of varying depth of discharge, including 100% depth of discharge) and no identifiable degradation to the system. The final thick electrode cell structure has shown an energy density of 25 kWh/m3 at a five hour (or greater) discharge time. The primary chemistry has remained non-toxic, containing no acids or other corrosive chemicals, and the battery units have passed numerous safety tests, including flame resistance testing. These tests have verified the claim that the device is safe to use and contains no hazardous materials. Current projections show costs at the pack level to offer best in class value and are competitive with lead-acid batteries, factoring in LCOE.

The final deliverable system for the DOE award was assembled in late 2011 and testing began shortly thereafter. This system consists of 270 Battery 0 units connected in series, with a footprint of 45 x 58 x 60 (LxWxH) and weighing approximately 2800 lbs. It should be noted that a significant portion of this weight and footprint is a temporary racking system that allows for varying pressure to be placed on the batteries to test for gassing and a conductivity issues. The system has been in continuous operation since early 2012, and continued in operation until July 2013 with no performance degradation in the chemistry.

Aqueous Hybrid Ion (AHI) Battery 15 4:00.00 32 39th Street, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15201, United States De-Commissioned
Thumb_highview_s_300kw_pilot_plant_in_slough Highview Pilot Plant

Highview‘s technology uses off-peak or ‘wrong-time’ power to liquefy air (710 litres of air becomes one litre of liquid air), which is then held in a tank until electricity is required. The liquid air is then returned to gaseous form, expanding 710 times, to drive a turbine. Extreme cold is recovered and stored to assist with subsequent liquefaction, thus greatly improving the overall efficiency of the system. If waste heat is available (e.g. from a neighbouring power plant or industrial process) then this can be introduced at the expansion phase, enhancing system efficiency.

Liquid Air Energy Storage 350 7:00.00 342 Edinburgh Avenue , Slough, Berkshire SL1 4TU, United Kingdom Operational
Thumb_giheung_sdi_ess Giheung Samsung SDI Project

Samsung SDI installed 1MW/1MWh of Li-ion battery based energy storage system for industrial energy management with peak-shifting. The system is located at the Samsung SDI Headquarters in Yongin-Si, South Korea.

Lithium Ion Battery 1,000 1:00.00 428-5 Gongse-dong, Giheung-gu, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do, Korea, South Operational
1 MWh Burlington

OptiGrid is a complete, packaged solution with battery chemistry, power conditioning system, monitoring system, and shelter.

This OptiGrid system is a 1 MW installation which is used by an industrial manufacturer to offset curtailment from the local utility.

Valve Regulated Lead Acid Battery (VRLA) 250 4:00.00 85 MEADOWLAND DR, S BURLINGTON, Vermont 05403, United States Operational
Thumb_peak_hour_power_logo Silver Creek Pumped Storage Project

300MW Closed-Loop Pumped Storage Scheme developed by and through the integration of Anthracite coal surface mining and reclamation and rockfill dam construction. The lower reservoir will be be created by what remains of a large coal surface mining. The upper reservoir's dam/dike will be constructed of the rock and earth by-product of surface mining (overburden). Recovery of +4million tons of Anthracite Coal will help subsidize project costs.

Closed Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 300,000 8:00.00 Silver Creek Reservoir, Blythe Township, Pennsylvania 17959, United States Announced
Thumb_20mw_plant_7305_1920px Beacon Power 20 MW Flywheel Frequency Regulation Plant (Hazle Township, PA)

This 20 MW plant will comprise 200 Gen4 flywheels that will provide frequency regulation services to grid operator PJM Interconnection. Beacon flywheels recycle energy from the grid in response to changes in demand and grid frequency. When generated power exceeds load, the flywheels store the excess energy. When load increases, the flywheels return the energy to the grid.

The flywheel systems can respond nearly instantaneously to the ISO control signal at a rate that is 100 times faster than traditional generation resources. The plant can operate at 100% depth of discharge with no performance degradation over a 20-year lifetime, and can do so for more than 100,000 full charge/discharge cycles. The flywheels are rated at 0.1 MW and 0.025 MWh, for a plant total of 20.0 MW and 5.0 MWh of frequency response.

As of October 2013, the plant had 6 MW of operational installed capacity with additional capacity added each month.

Flywheel 6,000 0:15.00 Hazle Township, Pennsylvania, United States Operational
Thumb_dim5 EnStorage Technology Demonstrator

EnStorage developed a cost effective flow battery based on proprietary hydrogen bromine technology. We connected our first technology demonstrator to the grid with a net-metering agreement and are further commercializing the system. The commercial system will have power rating of 150KW with 6 hours of storage (900kW/h) within a standard 40Ft shipping container.

Hydrogen Bromine Redox Flow Battery 50 2:00.00 Dimona, Negev, Israel Operational
Thumb_sunpower__1_ UC San Diego ZBB / Sunpower Energy Storage CSI 2

ZBB teamed up with SunPower and the University of California - San Diego to demonstrate the economic and operational benefits of combining PV with ZBB Energy zinc bromine flow battery storage technology rated at 300kWh in a commercial building application. The project is funded by the California Public Utilities Comission (CPUC.

Zinc Bromine Redox Flow Battery 100 3:00.00 San Diego, California, United States Under Construction
Altairnano Hawaii Solar Integration Project

ALTI was awarded a firm contract with the Hawai'i Natural Energy Institute (HNEI) of the University of Hawai'i at Manoa to supply a 1-MW ALTI-ESS energy storage system for a test of solar energy integration. The contract requires Altairnano to build, ship, install and commission its ALTI-ESS advanced energy storage system, and provide technical support and system monitoring and reporting over a period of three years.

The research project, funded through a grant from the Office of Naval Research, is designed to test the performance characteristics of the battery system and to demonstrate the effectiveness of battery storage technology to enable integration of solar energy into an electric grid. The test is expected to demonstrate solutions for integration of greater levels of renewable energy onto the grid, improving capacity utilization, and reducing dependency on fossil-fuel power generation while maintaining grid performance and reliability.

Hawaiian Electric Company plans to install the energy storage system at one of its utility sites on the island of Oahu in early 2014. HECO's grid is experiencing a rapid increase in residential and commercial solar installations.

Source: "Energy Storage and Project Demos" Electric Power Energy Research (EPRI) http://disgen.epri.com/

Lithium Ion Titanate Battery 1,000 1:00.00 Oahu, Hawaii, United States Announced
Thumb_gianelli San Luis (William R. Gianelli) Pumped Storage Hydroelectric Powerplant

The San Luis Pump-Generating Plant pumps Central Valley Project water for offstream storage. This joint Federal-State facility, located at San Luis Dam, lifts water by pump turbines from the O`Neill forebay into the San Luis Reservoir. During the irrigation season, water is released from San Luis Reservoir back through the pump-turbines to the forebay and energy is reclaimed. Each of the eight pumping-generating Francis Turbines has a capacity of 63,000 horsepower as a motor and 53,000 kilowatts as a generator. As a pumping station to fill San Luis Reservoir, each unit lifts 1,375 cubic feet per second at 290 feet total head. As a generating plant, each unit passes 1,640 cubic feet per second at the same head.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 424,000 298:00.00 Merced County, California, United States Operational
Thumb_eastwood Big Creek (John S. Eastwood) Pumped Storage

The Eastwood Pumped Storage facility is part of the Big Creek Hydroelectric Project, which consists of 9 powerplants generating at a combined 1,000 MW. The Eastwood plant operates as a reservoir storage facility with the benefit of pumpback.

The Balsam Meadows Hydroelectric Project includes a 5,900-foot diversion tunnel connecting the existing Huntington-Pitman-Shaver Conduit, a 4,320-foot power tunnel, and a 7,500-foot Tailrace Tunnel with a 16-foot horseshoe section leading to Shaver Lake.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 199,800 17:40.00 Shaver Lake, California, United States Operational
Thumb_lake_and_city_view_new Lake Elsinore Advanced Pumped Storage

The Lake Elsinore Advanced Pumped Storage (LEAPS) project is a 500 MW generation/600 MW load advanced pumped storage facility. The LEAPS project was licensed by Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) in Docket P–11858, and is now under limited additional review in FERC Docket P–14227.

Closed Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 500,000 12:00.00 Lake Elsinore, California, United States Announced
Kansas City Power & Light Green Impact Zone Smart Grid Demonstration

KCP&L and its partners are demonstrating an end-to-end SmartGrid built around a major SmartSubstation with a local distributed control system based on IEC 61850 protocols and control processors—that includes advanced generation, distribution, and customer technologies. Co-located renewable energy sources, such as solar and other parallel generation, will be placed in the demonstration area and will feed into the energy grid. The demonstration area consists of ten circuits served by one substation across two square miles with 14,000 commercial and residential customers. Part of the demonstration area contains the Green Impact Zone, 150 inner-city blocks that suffers from high levels of unemployment, poverty, and crime. Efforts in the Green Impact Zone will focus on training residents to implement weatherization and energy efficiency programs to reduce utility bills, conserve energy, and create jobs. KCP&L’s SmartGrid program will provide area businesses and residents with enhanced reliability and efficiency through real-time information about electricity supply and demand. It will enable customers to manage their electricity use and save money.

KCP&L is implementing a 1 MW / 1 MWh Li-ion battery system from Dow Kokam as part of this initiative. As of October 2011, the utility was 6-8 months from having the unit in service

Goals/Objectives
• Implement and demonstrate a next-generation, end-to-end SmartGrid
• Demonstrate, measure, and report on the costs, benefits, and business model feasibility of the demonstrated technologies
• Identify issues and gaps in technological standards

Key Milestones
• Midtown Substation commissioned (October 2011)
• ADA circuits commissioned (June 2012)
• Smart EndUse implementation (March 2013)
• Integrated system test and demonstration (September 2013)

PROJECT DURATION: 1/1/10–12/31/14

Source: "Energy Storage and Project Demos" Electric Power Energy Research (EPRI)

Lithium Ion Battery 1,000 1:00.00 Kansas City, Missouri, United States Operational
Thumb_hyatt-people_thbnl Edward Hyatt (Oroville) Power Plant

Located in rock in the left abutment near the axis of Oroville Dam, Edward Hyatt Powerplant is an underground, hydroelectric, pumping-generating facility. Construction of the plant began in 1964 and was completed in 1969.

Hyatt Powerplant maximizes power production through a pumped-storage operation where water, released for power in excess of local and downstream requirements, is returned to storage in Lake Oroville during off-peak periods and is used for generation during peak power demands.

Water from the lake is conveyed to the units through penstocks and branch lines. After passing through the units, water is discharged through the draft tubes to one free surface and one full-flow tailrace tunnel.

The facility was named for Edward Hyatt, who was State Engineer (1927-1950) of the Division of Water Resources under the Department of Public Works. The Division was the predecessor to the Department of Water Resources.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 819,000 n/a Oroville, California 95965, United States Operational
Thumb_thermalito_pumping-generating Thermalito Pumping - Generating Plant

Located about four miles west of the city of Oroville in Butte County, Thermalito Pumping-Generating Plant is a principal feature of the Oroville-Thermalito pumped storage power complex. A pumping-generating plant, the facility is operated in tandem with Hyatt Powerplant and Thermalito Diversion Dam Powerplant to produce power.

Water released for power in excess of local and downstream requirements is conserved by pumpback operation during off-peak hours through both power plants into Lake Oroville to be subsequently released for power generation during periods of peak power demand. Construction on the plant began in 1964 and was completed in 1969, with operations starting in 1968.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 120,000 n/a Oroville, California, United States Offline/Under Repair
Mount Elbert Power Plant

The Mt. Elbert Pumped-Storage Powerplant is located in Lake County, CO on the north shore of Twin Lakes. It is approximately twenty miles southwest of Leadville, CO. It is at the foot of Mt. Elbert, Colorado’s highest peak.

Mt. Elbert is the only federal powerplant on the Fryingpan-Arkansas Project and is largest hydroelectric power plant in Colorado. It began operations in 1981.

The Mt. Elbert Pumped-Storage Powerplant is an all-concrete structure equivalent to a 14-story building. Most of the structure is below ground. Water from the Forebay above drops through two penstocks 445 feet to the powerplant where two turbine-generators develop 200,000 kilowatts of electrical power. Mt. Elbert’s two units are also designed to operate as a 170,000-horsepower electric motor to drive the turbines in reverse and pump the same water back up to the forebay. This pumping mode is normally utilized during early morning hours when power demands are low. The pump-back storage principle is advantageous because the generating units can be started quickly and adjustments made rapidly to respond to varying daily and seasonal power demands.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 200,000 12:00.00 Lake County, Colorado, United States Operational
Thumb_horsemesa08 Horse Mesa Pumped Hydro Storage

In 1969, SRP initiated its Hydroelectric Expansion and Frequency Unification (HEFU) program to increase hydroelectric generating capacity at facilities on the Salt River. This program included the installation of pumped storage units at Mormon Flat Dam in 1971 and at Horse Mesa Dam in 1972. The HEFU program also provided for converting the conventional hydroelectric generating facilities at the dams on the Salt River from the outmoded 25-hertz (Hz) to the modern frequency of 60 Hz and in 1973, a new 60-Hz, 36-MW generating unit was installed at Theodore Roosevelt Dam, which replaced the existing 25-Hz units.

The Horse Mesa dam has three conventional hydroelectric generating units rated at a total of 32,000 kW, and a pumped storage unit rated at 97,000 kW added in 1972.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 97,000 n/a Tonto National Forest, Arizona, United States Operational
Thumb_consumers-energy-pumped-storage-facility-located-in-ludington-michigan Ludington Pumped Storage

The Ludington Pumped Storage Plant sits on a 1,000-acre site along the Lake Michigan shoreline. The plant was built between 1969-73 and is jointly owned by Consumers Energy and Detroit Edison, and operated by Consumers Energy.
The plant contributes directly to local governments about $11 million in annual property taxes. Revenue from plant operations, maintenance and overhauls also contribute significant sums to the local economy. Local residents still refer to the plant as “The Project”.

One of the world’s biggest electric “batteries”, Ludington can provide energy at a moment’s notice. Its ability lies in its 27-billion gallon reservoir and a set of six turbines that drive electric generators. Those same turbines double as giant water pumps to fill the reservoir with water from Lake Michigan.
At night, when electric demand is low, Ludington’s reversible turbines pump water 363 feet uphill from Lake Michigan. The water is pumped through six large pipes, or “penstocks”, to the 842-acre reservoir. During the day, when electric demand is high, the reservoir releases water to flow downhill through the penstocks. The flowing water turns turbines and generators in the powerhouse to make electricity.
The plant can generate up to 1,872 megawatts — enough electricity to serve a community of 1.4 million residential customers. The output is more than double the capacity of any single unit on Consumers Energy’s system.
Ludington’s relatively simple technology enables the plant to respond quickly to the daily, weekly and seasonal highs and lows of Michigan’s energy demand. The plant also saves customers money by enabling Consumers Energy to avoid the expensive spot market when customer demand exceeds the capacity of the company’s baseload plants. The immense size of Ludington and its six-unit design offers flexibility in balancing customer demand with electric output on a moment’s notice.

Consumers Energy and Detroit Edison announced an $800 million upgrade on February 7 2011. The six year project would begin in 2013 and extend the plant's life by at least forty years and upgrade the generating capacity from 1,872 megawatts to 2,172 megawatts.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,872,000 8:00.00 Ludington, Michigan, United States Operational
Thumb_largemuddyrun Muddy Run Pumped Hydro Storage

The 8-unit power station provides 1,070 megawatts (MW) of electricity by damming the Muddy Run ravine from its mouth. The station’s output is critical to meeting the dynamic peak electricity demands on the area’s regional power grid on hot summer afternoons. To generate electricity, the water in the upper reservoir at Muddy Run is used to fuel the turbines, flowing into the Conowingo Pond, a 14-mile stretch of the Susquehanna River in Maryland. As electricity demand decreases, at night, the units are reversed and used as pumps to fill the upper reservoir for subsequent peak-demand periods.

Muddy Run has provided electric power to the regional transmission system since commercial operation began in 1966. At the time, it was the largest pumped-storage hydroelectric power plant in the world. The general plant configuration remains the same as the original construction, however, the turbines and generators have been recently refurbished.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,070,000 n/a 172 Bethesda Church Rd., West Holtwood, Pennsylvania 17532, United States Operational
Fairfield Pumped Storage

The Fairfield Pumped Storage Facility utilizes four earthen dams and four penstocks that lead from the intake structure on the Monticello Reservoir to the powerhouse.

The pumped storage facility is primarily used for peaking, reserve generation, and off-peak power usage.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 511,200 6:58.00 Bradham Boulevard off Hwy 215, Jenkinsville, South Carolina 29065, United States Operational
Thumb_220px-taum_sauk_power_plant Taum Sauk Hydroelectric Power Station

The Taum Sauk pumped storage plant is located in the St. Francois mountain region of the Missouri Ozarks approximately 90 miles (140 km) south of St. Louis near Lesterville, Missouri in Reynolds County. The pumped-storage hydroelectric plant, operated by the AmerenUE electric company, was designed to help meet peak power demands during the day. Electrical generators are turned by water flowing from a reservoir on top of Proffit Mountain into a lower reservoir on the East Fork of the Black River. The generators and turbines at river level are reversible, and at night the excess electricity available on the power grid is used to pump water back to the mountaintop.
The Taum Sauk plant is notable in that it is a pure pump-back operation – there is no natural primary flow available for generation, unlike most other pumped storage sites. It was among the largest such projects when it was built. Construction of the Taum Sauk plant began in 1960 and operation began in 1963. The two original reversible pump-turbine units were each capable of generating 175 megawatts of power. They were upgraded in 1999 to units capable of 225 megawatts each.
The plant was out of operation after the upper reservoir suffered a catastrophic failure on December 14, 2005, until the rebuilt and recertified structure started producing power again on April 21, 2010. The new upper reservoir dam, rebuilt from the ground up, is the largest roller-compacted concrete dam in North America. The plant was named an IEEE Milestone in 2005.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 440,000 8:00.00 Lesterville, Missouri, United States Operational
Thumb_xe-powergen_rr-cabincreek1 Cabin Creek Generating Station

Cabin Creek is located high in the Rocky Mountains of Colorado at 10,018 feet above sea level. It is a pumped storage plant with a lower and upper reservoir. During periods of peak electricity demand on Xcel Energy’s Colorado system, electricity is generated by releasing water from the upper reservoir through a tunnel, which turns the turbine generators. The water is then stored in the lower reservoir. In the early hours of the morning when electricity use by the company’s customers is low, water is pumped back to the upper reservoir.

As a hydroelectric station, Cabin Creek produces no air, water or land emissions. As we bring additional wind power onto our Colorado system, Cabin Creek can help us better utilize this resource. The pumping of water from the lower reservoir to the upper reservoir can be timed during the evening or early morning when wind generators are producing more power.

The Georgetown plant is also open to the public as the Georgetown Energy Museum, where one can see a working power plant. The museum has many intriguing artifacts and pieces from the electrical industry. The museum also offers tours of the plant.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 324,000 4:00.00 Georgetown, Colorado, United States Operational
Thumb_mormon-flat08 Mormon Flat Pumped Hydro Storage

Mormon Flat Dam is named after nearby Mormon Flat, a place where pioneers from Utah stopped to camp en route to the Valley. The dam, built between 1923-25, is 224 feet high and 380 feet long.
Two hydroelectric generating units are at the dam; one is a conventional unit rated at 10,000 kW; the other is a pumped storage unit built in 1971 and rated at 50,000 kW. The pumped storage unit permits recycling of water for hydroelectric production and keeps lake levels relatively constant.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 50,000 n/a Tonto National Forest, Arizona, United States Operational
Thumb_nwaddell New Wadell Dam Pumped Hydro Storage

Construction of New Waddell Dam began in 1985, and continued through 1994. New Waddell Dam's primary purpose is to store Colorado River water for CAP use. The dam also stores Agua Fria River runoff and provides flood protection by controlling river flows. The dam is located one-half mile downstream of historic Waddell Dam, which was built by the Maricopa Water District (MWD). The dam's reservoir, Lake Pleasant, also stores water for MWD irrigation.

In the winter, Colorado River water is pumped uphill from the CAP aqueduct into Lake Pleasant when power rates are low. In the summer, when demand for water and electricity increases, water is released through the Pump-Generating plant, producing hydroelectric power that is sold to help repay the CAP's construction costs. In addition, New Waddell Dam adds 7,000 surface acres to the lake, greatly increasing the recreational value of Lake Pleasant Regional Park.

Handicapped-accessible recreational facilities include 3 multiple-lane boat ramps, 450 picnic sites, 225 campsites, 14 group use areas, 4 overlooks, a full-service marina equipped to handle 1000 boats, and 7 miles of trail. Because the reservoir water level may fluctuate up to 125 feet during a typical year's operation, the facilities will be located to be accessible during both high and low water periods.

If necessary, floodwaters can be released from the dam through the river outlet works tunnel into the Agua Fria River immediately below the dam. If the reservoir's flood storage capacity is ever exceeded, water can also be released over spillways located west of the dam. This water would flow down Morgan City Wash and back to the Agua Fria River about one mile below the dam.

The cost of constructing New Waddell Dam was more than $625 million. The Central Arizona Water Conservation District, which operates and maintains the CAP, is repaying $175 million of this cost.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 45,000 n/a Maricopa County, Arizona, United States Operational
Thumb_borregosaft SDG&E Borrego Springs Microgrid Demonstration Project

The SDG&E microgrid project integrates a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) component - focused on utility-side applications, and a California Energy Commission (CEC) portion , which focuses on customer-side applications. Goals of the DOE portion include achieving a greater than 15 percent reduction in feeder peak load, exploring microgrid islanding, and improving system reliability. Borrego Substation, with a peak load of over 10 MW, was selected as the demonstration site since it provides a unique opportunity to explore microgrid islanding of an entire distribution feeder. The overall project involves integration of five technologies, including distributed energy resources (DER) and VAR management, feeder automation system technologies (FAST), advanced energy storage, an outage/distribution management system, and price-driven load management. The project team will also perform a cost/benefit analysis for full-scale deployment.

As a part of this project, SDG&E installed a 1.5 MWh Li-ion battery energy storage system at the Borrego Springs Substation in June of 2012.

Since commissioning the system has successfully operated independent of the grid during storm outages.

Lithium Nickel Cobalt Aluminum Battery 500 3:00.00 Borrego Valley Substation, Borrego Springs, California, United States Operational
Thumb_borregohes Borrego Springs Microgrid Demonstration Project: Home Energy Storage

The SDG&E microgrid project integrates a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) component - focused on utility-side applications, and a California Energy Commission (CEC)portion , which focuses on customer-side applications. Goals of the DOE portion include achieving a greater than 15 percent reduction in feeder peak load, exploring microgrid islanding, and improving system reliability. Borrego Substation, with a peak load of over 10 MW, was selected as the demonstration site since it provides a unique opportunity to explore microgrid islanding of an entire distribution feeder. The project involves integration of five technologies, including distributed energy resources (DER) and VAR management, feeder automation system technologies (FAST), advanced energy storage, an outage/distribution management system, and price-driven load management. The project team will also perform a cost/benefit analysis for full-scale deployment.

As a part of this project, SDG&E is planning to install up to six 4.5 kW/6.6 kWh Li-ion batteries at multiple residences and/or small commercial with charge/discharge commands sent via cloud based networking.

Lithium Ion Battery 27 1:28.00 Borrego Springs, California, United States Contracted
Thumb_maui-smart-grid University of Hawaii Smart Grid Regional and Energy Storage Demonstration Project (Maui Smart Grid)

The overarching project objective is to develop and demonstrate a Distribution Management System (DMS) that aggregates distributed generation (DG), energy storage, and demand response technologies in a distribution system to achieve both distribution and transmission level benefits. Ideally, the application of these technologies would increase system reliability and improve power quality along with reducing costs to both the utility and its customers.

An advanced energy storage system will be installed at the Maui Electric Company substation in Wailea as part of the Maui Smart Grid Project.

The Grid Battery System is being provided by A123 Systems, a developer and manufacturer of advanced lithium ion batteries and systems. It is designed to deliver one megawatt of power for a full hour, reducing the peak energy load on the substation’s transformers.

Lithium Ion Battery 1,000 1:00.00 Wailea, Hawaii, United States Operational
Allegheny Power RDSI Demonstration Project West Virginia Super Circuit

One component of the Super Circuit project is a microgrid: a small generation and distribution grid that can be self-sufficient locally but also operates tied to the utility grid. Microgrids are conceived of as a way of integrating home- or neighborhood-scale generation sources into the larger system and a way of reducing the scope and severity of outages, but they introduce variables that utilities need to understand better.

The Super Circuit microgrid installation — a 160-kilowatt natural gas generator, a 40-kilowatt solar array and three lithium-ion batteries that can put out a total of 24 kilowatts of power for two hours, all to be wired into two commercial buildings at Research Ridge technology park in Morgantown — will serve as a laboratory for exploring those variables.

Source: http://www.statejournal.com/story/20393910/wv-super-circuit-to-demonstrate-smart-grid-in-morgantown

Lithium Ion Battery 24 2:00.00 Morgantown, West Virginia, United States Under Construction
Thumb_oneil O'Neill Powerplant

The O`Neill Pump-Generating Plant pumps Central Valley Project water for offstream storage.

The O`Neill Pump-Generating Plant consists of an intake channel leading off the Delta-Mendota Canal and six pump-generating units. Normally these units operate as pumps to lift water from 45 to 53 feet into the O`Neill Forebay. Water is occasionally released from the forebay to the Delta-Mendota Canal, and these units then operate as generators. When operating as pumps and motors, each unit can discharge 700 cubic feet per second and has a rating of 6,000 horse-power. When operating as turbines and generators, each unit has a generating capacity of about 4,200 kilowatts.

O`Neill, which operates primarily as a pumping plant only generates part of the year. The authorizing legislation for O`Neill states that power generated at the facility cannot be used for commercial purposes. Therefore, the generation produced at O`Neill is allocated as project-use power for the Central Valley Project and the cost associated with generation is allocated to the irrigation component of Central Valley Project.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 25,200 n/a Los Banos, California, United States Operational
UC San Diego Panasonic / Sanyo Energy System

Since July 2011, UCSD has served as the site host to a 30 kW/30 kWh PV integrated storage system from Panasonic/Sanyo.

Lithium Ion Battery 30 1:00.00 San Diego, California, United States Contracted
Anchorage Area Battery Energy Storage System

This project includes the installation of a 25 MW / 14 mWh Battery Energy Storage System (BESS) in the Anchorage area. This device will add stability to the system and provide a measure of “spin” to facilitate spooling-up alternative generation in the event of an outage.

The BESS is part of Alaska Railbelt Cooperative Transmission and Electric Company's (ARCTEC) Unconstrain Bradley Lake Hydroelectric Project. The project aims to improve the transmission system between Anchorage and Kenai.

Lithium Ion Battery 25,000 0:34.00 TBD, Anchorage, Alaska 99501, United States Announced
Thumb_isgd Irvine Smart Grid Demnstration: Residential Energy Storage Units

Southern California Edison (SCE) and its partners will deploy advanced Smart Grid SG) technologies in an integrated system to be more reliable, secure, economic, efficient, safe, and environmentally friendly. The technology demonstrations will include three main areas: (1) Energy Smart Customer Devices such as smart appliances, home scale energy storage, and photovoltaic (PV) solar systems to achieve Zero Net Energy homes and Zero Grid Impact electric vehicle (EV) charging at work; (2) Year 2020 Distribution System including distribution automation with looped circuit topology, advanced voltage/VAR control, advanced distribution equipment, smart metering, utility-scale storage, and dispatched renewable distributed generation; and (3) a Secure Energy Network to demonstrate end-to-end management of a complex high performance telecommunication system linking the CAISO to SCE’s back office, field networks, and energy smart devices in the home. Other specific aspects of sub-projects include: distribution circuit constraint management, enhanced circuit efficiency and power quality, self-healing circuits, deep grid situational awareness, and end-to-end cyber security and interoperability. The demonstration will be conducted in Irvine, California and will include two 12kV distribution circuits fed by SCE’s MacArthur Substation, residential homes, and EV charging in a parking lot at the University of California, Irvine.

Battery 4 4:00.00 Irvine, California, United States Operational
UC San Diego BMW Energy Storage System

The BMW project is fully sponsored by BMW, and will consist of utilizing used mini-E electric vehicle batteries, and will have about 108 kW of power capacity and 2-3 hours of energy storage. The system will be integrated with PV solar and possibly fast EV DC charging.

Lithium Ion Battery 108 2:00.00 San Diego, California, United States Under Construction
UC San Diego SGIP Energy Storage Project

The University of California, San Diego has been approved for incentives from California’s Self-Generation Incentive Program for the installation of an innovative energy storage, to be integrated with PV renewable generation. The SGIP program requires that the energy storage be for early commercial purposes, and the vendors need to provide a 10 year warranty on the equipment.

Lithium Ion Battery 5,000 2:00.00 San Diego, California, United States Announced
Thumb_eos-aurora-battery Con Edison/Eos Energy Storage Distributed Energy Storage Pilot

Eos Energy Storage and Con Edison, a subsidiary of Consolidated Edison, Inc. announced a trailblazing partnership to install and test Eos’s cutting-edge energy storage technology within the utility’s New York City facilities. Eos is currently commercializing a safe, low cost, and long-lasting grid-scale battery technology that can reduce customer costs, defer utility infrastructure upgrades and enhance power quality and reliability.

Supported by funding from the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA), the pilot will demonstrate the benefits of distributed energy storage.

Eos stated that the pilot, targeted to begin in early 2014, is a milestone in the scale-up and commercialization of Eos’s core product, a 1MW/6MWh grid-scale battery called the Eos Aurora. The Aurora is backed by Eos’s novel, low-cost and proprietary zinc hybrid cathode technology, which has a 75% round-trip efficiency rate and a 10,000-cycle/30-year lifetime.

Zinc Hybrid Cathode Battery 1,000 6:00.00 New York, New York, United States Announced
Electrochemical Energy Storage Project

The project integrates one megawatt hour of stored energy — enough to power an average home for 1,000 hours — into a power grid that supports three major campus facilities.

Initially created in response to the university’s need for emergency back-up power at UBC’s Bioenergy Research and Demonstration Facility (BDRF), the energy storage system will advance research on integrating renewable-energy sources, like solar and wind, into large power grids.

Nickel Manganese Cobalt Battery 1,000 1:00.00 2260 West Mall, Rm 2255 , Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4, Canada Operational
Modular Energy Storage Architecture Project

Snohomish County Public Utility District (PUD) and 1Energy Systems will partner to develop and deploy an innovative approach to energy storage, aimed at helping electric utilities increase their use of renewable energy and improve overall reliability.

Under the partnership, 1Energy will provide a one-megawatt battery energy storage system, built on an innovative Modular Energy Storage Architecture (MESA). The system, based on commercially-available, advanced technology batteries, will be housed in a standard shipping container, which will be installed at a PUD substation.

Alstom Grid and faculty from the University of Washington will join the project to collaborate on research, analysis and design of technology interfaces. 1Energy will lead the selection of future MESA partners who will provide batteries, power conversion and balance-of-system components.

Lithium Ion Battery 1,000 1:00.00 910 Shuksan Way, Everett, Washington 98203, United States Contracted
Axion PowerCube

Axion Power International, Inc., the developer of advanced lead-carbon PbC® batteries and energy storage systems, on November 22, 2011, integrated its PowerCube™ battery energy storage and battery system as a power resource for the PJM Regulation Market, which serves 58 million people in all or parts of 13 states and the District of Columbia. The use of PowerCube on the PJM market marks the first time an external energy storage system has been integrated into a major power grid. Axion Power, working in partnership with Philadelphia-based Viridity Energy on this and other projects, is initially participating in the PJM market as a 100 kw resource that will soon be ramped to higher kw levels. As a curtailment service provider in PJM, Viridity Energy will be managing the Axion PowerCube, a highly mobile and scalable 500kw/250kw Battery Energy Storage System.

Lead Carbon Battery 500 0:30.00 3601 Clover Lane, New Castle, Pennsylvania 16105, United States Operational
Encinitas Civic Center

As part of a energy retrofit for the City of Encinitas’ Civic Center, designers and engineers considered several eco-minded options that would reduce the center’s energy consumption while lowering costs — and then employed them all. Installing photovoltaic panels on the building’s rooftop was considered and incorporated. So were skylights and light tubes. But perhaps the pièce de résistance is a thermal energy storage solution that keeps the building cool using hardly any electricity during the day. Thermal energy storage works at night by temporarily storing energy — in this case in the form of ice — in large IceBank® storage tanks so the energy can be used during peak energy demand periods. The project is LEED Silver CERTIFIED, recipient of the AEE 2009 Renewable Energy Project of the Year and the system has earned a San Diego Energy Efficiency award.

Ice Thermal Storage 75 6:00.00 1140 Oakcrest Park Dr., Encinitas, California 92024, United States Operational
Thumb_iceenergy_rooftop_units-266x176 Nordstrom, Inc

The Nordstrom department store is producing 43 tons of ice every night in thermal energy storage tanks on top of its Honolulu department store. The stored ice is then used to cool the store and save energy during the day. In Hawaii where energy costs are some of the highest in the U.S., Nordstrom is a better community partner by not pulling electricity off the grid during high peak hours (daytime). Nordstrom approaches resource conservation in a way that focuses on energy efficiency, responsible water use, forest conservation and greenhouse gas reduction.

Ice Thermal Storage 1,200 6:00.00 1450 Ala Moana Blvd, Honolulu, Hawaii 96814, United States Operational
Shell Point Retirement Village

The Shell Point Retirement Village utilizes three 1,200-ton centrifugal chillers to provide chilled water during off-peak hours and three 1,200/920-ton ice-making chillers for use during off-peak hours. There is 1,640,806 sqft of conditioned space from both The Island and the new Woodlands facilities. When the central plant loses power, (during a hurricane for instance) there is enough onsite generating capacity to run pumps required to use stored ice for cooling for 24 hr.

Ice Thermal Storage 4,800 6:00.00 15071 Shell Point Blvd, Fort Myers, Florida 33908, United States Operational
Cache Creek Casino

The Trane-Northern CA team developed an energy savings project for the Cache Creek Casino Resort in Brooks, CA. Trane selected Natgun to build an energy cost savings 1,370,000 gallon concrete Thermal Energy Storage (TES) tank that Trane would integrate into the existing chilled water district cooling system at the resort. This TES system would allow the resort engineers to shift 900 KW of electric load from the peak electric period to the off-peak period. In addition, this TES system would reduce the energy
consumption associated with the daily chilled water generation at the complex.

Chilled Water Thermal Storage 1,300 6:00.00 14455 California 16, Brooks, California 95606, United States Operational
Thumb_vamedical VA Medical Center

The Dallas, Texas Veterans Administration (VA) Medical Center was the first VA medical facility in the nation to use thermal energy storage technology to reduce operating costs. A partnership with Texas Utilities Electric Company (TU Electric) made implementing this technology possible. The Medical Center now shifts a significant portion of its energy
demand away from the peak cost period to a lower cost period. Supporting this technology benefits the utility because it relieves pressure to construct new, increasingly more costly power plants. Shifting a large energy demand away from the peak period
enables the utility to maximize its generating plants. Thus it saves money for both the customer and the
utility.

Chilled Water Thermal Storage 2,300 8:00.00 4500 South Lancaster Road, Dallas, Texas 75216, United States Operational
Lackland Air Force Base

Siemens Building Technologies, a leading Energy Services Company (ESCO), selected Natgun to build a 792,000 gallon Thermal Energy Storage tank rated at 6600 ton-hours of TES at Lackland AFB near San Antonio, TX. Through a design-build performance contract, Siemens Building Technologies provided the base with several utility savings and infrastructure improvements that included adding a TES tank to one of the closed loop chilled water distribution systems at the base. The TES tank provides the energy management staff at Lackland AFB the flexibility to operate their chilled water cooling system more efficiently by allowing the chillers to operate during night-time and off-peak hours instead of during the afternoon, the hottest part of day.

Chilled Water Thermal Storage 580 8:00.00 1030 Reese, San Antonio, Texas 78299, United States Operational
Geisinger Health System

As a part of a major expansion at their hospital campus in Danville, PA, Geisinger Health System built a new central chilled water plant to serve the district cooling requirements for their campus. The tank, which came online in 2009, is rated at 8000 ton-hrs of TES.

This TES tank provides the facilities management staff at Geisinger with the ability to operate their district cooling system more efficiently by allowing the chillers to operate during night-time and off-peak hours instead of during the peak electric period during the daytime.

Chilled Water Thermal Storage 700 8:00.00 100 North Academy Avenue, Danville, Pennsylvania 17822, United States Operational
University of Texas Pan-Am

In 2002, the University of Texas – Pan American contracted Natgun Corporation to construct a 1.07 MG, 10,000 ton-hr thermal energy storage tank (TES) for the purpose of saving energy costs, and to provide back-up cooling in the event of unplanned downtime of their chillers. The TES system was designed to shift the electric load of the chillers from on-peak periods (daytime) to off-peak periods (night time).

Chilled Water Thermal Storage 875 8:00.00 1201 W University Dr., Edinburg, Texas 78539, United States Operational
Texas Instruments Manufacturing Plant

In 1989, (a large semi-conductor chip manufacturer) contracted Natgun Corporation to construct a partially buried 2.7 MG, 24,500 ton-hr thermal energy storage (TES) tank for the purpose of saving energy costs by taking advantage of the time-of-use electric rates. The TES system was designed to shift the electric load of the chillers and associated cooling equipment from the on-peak periods (daytime), to the off-peak periods (night time). Then in 1993, (this same large semi-conductor chip manufacturer) contracted Natgun to construct a second TES tank. This second tank was much larger (5.2 MG and rated at 48,730 ton-hrs) and was constructed fully buried beneath a parking lot.

The TES Tanks serving the facilities of this large semi-conductor manufacturer in Dallas, TX area have been in operation for decades providing numerous benefits to the owner including: energy cost savings, plants and reliability in the form of spare cooling capacity for the chilled water system during periods of planned and unplanned downtime of the central plant equipment.

Chilled Water Thermal Storage 6,400 8:00.00 Dallas, Texas, United States Operational
Federal Government Facility Chilled Water TES

In 2007, a 0.11 MG TES tank was added to an existing closed-loop, chilled water cooling system that serves several multi-story buildings at this campus. The TES tank gives the Federal Government facility the flexibility to operate their chilled water cooling system more cost effectively.

Chilled Water Thermal Storage 274 2:30.00 Quantico, Virginia, United States Operational
American Online Data Center

AOL started constructing a Thermal Energy Storage (TES) tank rated at 4,350 ton-hours to service their data center in 2006. center. The data center which operates 24 hours each day could not afford the consequences that would result if their chilled water cooling system were to experience downtime. This TES tank was designed to provide back-up cooling for the central plant in the event that the chillers experience unexpected downtime.

The tank was specified to be capable of storing enough chilled water equal to the peak cooling load for the facility for a period of two hours.

Chilled Water Thermal Storage 1,500 2:00.00 Chantilly, Virginia, United States Operational
Thumb_sempra_auwahi Auwahi Wind Farm

This 11MW, 4.4MWh lithium ion battery system was provided by A123 Systems and performs wind ramp management for a 21MW wind farm located on the island of Maui.

Lithium Ion Battery 11,000 0:24.00 Kula, Hawaii, United States Operational
Thumb_capture EaglePicher PowerPyramid

Demonstration system for industrial peak-shaving and grid-energy storage.

http://www.princetonpower.com/pdfs/eaglepicher_cs.pdf

Hybrid Battery 1,000 2:00.00 Crossroads Industrial Park, Joplin, Missouri 64804, United States Operational
Thumb_anatolia_ces Irvine Smart Grid Demonstration: Community Energy Storage Unit

Southern California Edison (SCE) and its partners will deploy advanced Smart Grid SG) technologies in an integrated system to be more reliable, secure, economic, efficient, safe, and environmentally friendly. The technology demonstrations will include three main areas: (1) Energy Smart Customer Devices such as smart appliances, home scale energy storage, and photovoltaic (PV) solar systems to achieve Zero Net Energy homes and Zero Grid Impact electric vehicle (EV) charging at work; (2) Year 2020 Distribution System including distribution automation with looped circuit topology, advanced voltage/VAR control, advanced distribution equipment, smart metering, utility-scale storage, and dispatched renewable distributed generation; and (3) a Secure Energy Network to demonstrate end-to-end management of a complex high performance telecommunication system linking the CAISO to SCE’s back office, field networks, and energy smart devices in the home. Other specific aspects of sub-projects include: distribution circuit constraint management, enhanced circuit efficiency and power quality, self-healing circuits, deep grid situational awareness, and end-to-end cyber security and interoperability. The demonstration will be conducted in Irvine, California and will include two 12kV distribution circuits fed by SCE’s MacArthur Substation, residential homes, and EV charging in a parking lot at the University of California, Irvine.

Battery 25 2:00.00 Irvine, California, United States Under Construction
Irvine Smart Grid Demonstration: Solar Car Charging Station

Southern California Edison (SCE) and its partners will deploy advanced Smart Grid SG) technologies in an integrated system to be more reliable, secure, economic, efficient, safe, and environmentally friendly. The technology demonstrations will include three main areas: (1) Energy Smart Customer Devices such as smart appliances, home scale energy storage, and photovoltaic (PV) solar systems to achieve Zero Net Energy homes and Zero Grid Impact electric vehicle (EV) charging at work; (2) Year 2020 Distribution System including distribution automation with looped circuit topology, advanced voltage/VAR control, advanced distribution equipment, smart metering, utility-scale storage, and dispatched renewable distributed generation; and (3) a Secure Energy Network to demonstrate end-to-end management of a complex high performance telecommunication system linking the CAISO to SCE’s back office, field networks, and energy smart devices in the home. Other specific aspects of sub-projects include: distribution circuit constraint management, enhanced circuit efficiency and power quality, self-healing circuits, deep grid situational awareness, and end-to-end cyber security and interoperability. The demonstration will be conducted in Irvine, California and will include two 12kV distribution circuits fed by SCE’s MacArthur Substation, residential homes, and EV charging in a parking lot at the University of California, Irvine.

Battery 100 1:00.00 Irvine, California, United States Under Construction
Irvine Smart Grid Demonstration: Large Energy Storage System

Southern California Edison (SCE) and its partners will deploy advanced Smart Grid SG) technologies in an integrated system to be more reliable, secure, economic, efficient, safe, and environmentally friendly. The technology demonstrations will include three main areas: (1) Energy Smart Customer Devices such as smart appliances, home scale energy storage, and photovoltaic (PV) solar systems to achieve Zero Net Energy homes and Zero Grid Impact electric vehicle (EV) charging at work; (2) Year 2020 Distribution System including distribution automation with looped circuit topology, advanced voltage/VAR control, advanced distribution equipment, smart metering, utility-scale storage, and dispatched renewable distributed generation; and (3) a Secure Energy Network to demonstrate end-to-end management of a complex high performance telecommunication system linking the CAISO to SCE’s back office, field networks, and energy smart devices in the home. Other specific aspects of sub-projects include: distribution circuit constraint management, enhanced circuit efficiency and power quality, self-healing circuits, deep grid situational awareness, and end-to-end cyber security and interoperability. The demonstration will be conducted in Irvine, California and will include two 12kV distribution circuits fed by SCE’s MacArthur Substation, residential homes, and EV charging in a parking lot at the University of California, Irvine.

Battery 2,000 0:15.00 Irvine, California, United States Under Construction
Thumb_clay_terrace_photo Clay Terrace Plug-In Ecosystem

75 kW / 42 kWh Toshiba battery co-located with 9.8 kW of solar generation along with 2 L2 electric vehicle chargers and one DC EVSE which is optimized by utilizing Toshiba's microEMS system.

Battery 75 0:40.00 Carmel , Indiana, United States Operational
Thumb_bentonpud Benton PUD Battery Energy Storage

Benton PUD will demonstrate how small-scale distributed energy storage and generation devices could be dispatched to firm intermittent wind generation and to
reduce peak electrical demand.

The project's Valve Regulated Lead Acid Battery is made with AGM (advanced glass matt) technology.

This project is part of the Pacific Northwest Smart Grid Demonstration Project funded by the Department of Energy.

Valve Regulated Lead Acid Battery (VRLA) 10 4:00.00 Kennewick, Washington 99337, United States Operational
Thumb_drakensberg Drakensberg Pumped Storage Scheme

Electricity is generated only during peak demand periods or emergencies by channelling water from the upper to the lower reservoir through reversible pump-turbine sets. During periods of low energy demand this same water is pumped back from the lower to the upper storage reservoir by the reversible sets.

The Drakensberg scheme paved the way for Eskom’s second pumped storage project at Palmiet in the Cape. These power stations have the advantage of being able to generate electricity within three minutes, whereas coal-fired stations require a minimum of 8 hours from cold start-up to start generating power.
By pumping water from the lower to the upper reservoirs during low-peak periods, both the Palmiet and Drakensberg schemes help to flatten the load demand curve of the national system by using the excess generating capacity available in these off-peak periods.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,000,000 10:00.00 Kilburn Dam, Jagersrust, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa Operational
Thumb_palmiet Palmiet Pumped Storage Scheme

The scheme has a dual role:
- to generate electricity for the Eskom National Grid during peak and emergency demand periods
- to transfer much needed water from the Palmiet River to Cape Town.

Water is stored in an upper and lower reservoir. For power generating purposes, water flows from the upper reservoir to the lower reservoir via two reversible pump/turbines. During off peak periods the water collected in the lower reservoir is pumped back again.

During winter rainfall months, excess water in the Palmiet River is pumped to the upper reservoir for transfer to the Steenbras Dam and the Cape Town water consumer.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 400,000 10:00.00 Grabouw, Western Cape 7160, South Africa Operational
Thumb_ingula Ingula Pumped Storage Scheme

The Pumped Storage Scheme consists of an upper and a lower dam; both of approximately 22 million cubic metres water capacity. The dams, 4.6 km apart, are connected by underground waterways, through an underground powerhouse which house, 4 x 333MW pump turbines. During times of peak energy consumption, water will be released from the upper dam through the pump turbines to the lower dam to generate electricity. During times of low energy demand the pump turbines are used to pump the water from the lower dam back up to the upper dam.

The project is scheduled to come on line during 2013/14.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,332,000 16:00.00 Van Reenen's Pass, Kwa-Zulu Natal, South Africa Under Construction
Thumb_wivenhoe Wivenhoe Power Station

CS Energy’s Wivenhoe Power Station is a 500 MW, pumped storage
hydroelectric plant. The plant comprises two 250 MW units and is the only pumped storage hydroelectric plant in Queensland.

Electricity is generated, absorbed and stored at Wivenhoe Power Station by recycling water between an upper reservoir (Splityard Creek Dam) and lower reservoir (Wivenhoe Dam). Water is pumped from Wivenhoe Dam into Splityard Creek Dam. To produce electricity, water is released from Splityard Creek Dam through tunnels to the turbines that drive the generators. In this way, Wivenhoe Power Station works like a giant rechargeable battery.

Wivenhoe Power Station was transferred to CS Energy’s asset portfolio on 1 July 2011 as a result of the Queensland Government’s Generator Restructure.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 500,000 10:00.00 683 Wivenhoe-Somerset Road, Wivenhoe Pocket, Queensland 4306, Australia Operational
Disney California Adventure

In May of 2011, Disney installed a 12,000 ton-hr chilled-water thermal energy storage tank to reduce on-peak electricity demand.

Chilled Water Thermal Storage 2,000 4:00.00 1313 Disneyland Dr., Anaheim, California 92802, United States Operational
King Island Renewable Energy Integration Project (UltraBattery)

On King Island, Hydro Tasmania has installed an Ecoult UltraBattery storage system, capable of 3 MW of power contribution and storing 1.6 MWh of useable energy.

The battery is the largest ever installed in Australia and is located in a custom-built building at the King Island wind/diesel power station.

UltraBattery 3,000 0:32.00 Grassy Rd, Nugara, Tasmania 7256, Australia Operational
Thumb_dsc_0801 DC/AC Hybrid Control System for Smart Building

Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Tohoku University has been selected for the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry 2011 New Industries Creative Technology Development Cost Subsidy (Research and development business for the creation of new industries through IT fusion Preparing and IT fusion consortium base for industry, academia and government)), and the construction of a Smart Building DC/AC hybrid control system is advancing at the main building of this graduate course, in an attempt to develop technology that will serve as a base for realizing a smart community network, and to provide various next-generation services, such as visualized portal sites, car sharing services and energy accommodation between buildings.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 48 1:12.00 Sendai-shi, Miyagi prefecture, Japan Operational
Khi Solar One Power Plant

Khi Solar One is a 50 MW concentrated solar power plant with a power tower.

The power tower system uses large, sun-tracking mirrors (heliostats) to focus sunlight on a receiver at the top of a tower. Water is pumped up to the tower mounted receiver and is converted to steam, which, in turn, is used in a conventional turbine generator to produce electricity. Of the 36 operational CSP power stations worldwide, five are power towers. The power station will include a facility to store steam, enabling it to generate electricity for two hours when the sun is not shining.

Khi Solar One will use dry cooling, which dramatically reduces water consumption by two thirds. The tower plant will be located on a 600 ha site close to Upington, in the Northern Cape Province.

http://www.nrel.gov/csp/solarpaces/project_detail.cfm/projectID=244

Heat Thermal Storage 50,000 2:00.00 Upington, Northern Cape Province, South Africa Under Construction
KaXu Solar One

KaXu Solar One is a 100MW parabolic trough plant near Pofadder in Northern Cape. The power station will have a storage capacity of three hours and use molten salt to store heat energy.

In the parabolic trough system, the sun's energy is concentrated by parabolically curved, trough-shaped reflectors onto a receiver pipe running along the focal line of the curved surface. This energy heats oil flowing through the pipe, and the heat energy is then used to convert water to steam and generate electricity in a conventional steam generator.

Molten Salt Storage 100,000 3:00.00 Pofadder, Northern Cape Province, South Africa Under Construction
Thumb_intercontinental_hotels_pictures InterContinental Hotels Group

The InterContinental San Francisco opened in February 2008 and is a LEED EBOM Gold Certified building.

The InterContinental San Francisco has already benefited from traditional energy conservation and efficiency measures. Additional measures would have been difficult without compromising the comfort of hotel guests. Harry Hobbs, IHG's Western Area Director of Engineering, was looking for a way to tackle high demand charges due to load spikes, which are not addressed through standard energy efficiency measures.

After hearing about the Stem system, Harry decided to deploy systems in both San Francisco InterContinental hotels. Harry was able to take advantage of the California Self-Generation Incentive Program (SGIP) to cover 60% of the system installation cost.

Stem's solution was installed in November 2012 and immediately began leveraging the proprietary combination of big data, predictive analytics, and energy storage to effectively "hybridize" the hotels by intelligently switching between battery power and grid power to reduce energy costs.

Independent verification of results was conducted by corporate staff using a third party revenue-grade meter and simulated load. As a result, IGH has committed to purchasing Stem systems for is California portfolio of 16 hotels in 2013, with a projected savings of $2.2 million over the next 10 years.

Lithium Ion Battery 15 1:00.00 888 Howard St. , San Francisco, California 94103, United States Operational
UEP CCNY Demonstration

In partnership with the CUNY Energy Institute, Urban Electric Power (UEP) has recently constructed a 100kW energy storage system utilizing the advanced Zn-NiO battery technology that can undergo over 5,000 deep discharge cycles with a high total system energy efficiency of >85%. The 100kW battery installation in the basement of Steinman Hall at the Grove School of Engineering at CCNY will allow the school to reduce their peak power usage, resulting in significant electrical energy savings. The system is rated for 100kW and is being installed in 2 phases; the first phase, which will be operational in June 2013, will allow the delivery of the rated power for a period of 30 minutes. The second phase will be completed by the end of 2013 and will increase the capacity of the system to 200kWh, allowing the delivery of the rated power over 2 hours.

Zinc-Nickel Oxide Redox Flow Battery 100 0:30.00 160 Convent Ave., New York, New York 10031, United States Operational
Thumb_eco_house Eco House Project

The name “Ecollab.” is a combination of the words “ecology”, “collaboration,” and “laboratory”. Ecollab. is a simple and airy building with a modern appearance and a warm and soft atmosphere. At Ecollab. research is carried out from a variety of aspects aimed at creating the next generation of environmentally-friendly lifestyles.

Battery 14 2:00.00 Sendai city, Miyagi prefecture, Japan Operational
Thumb_pete_b2u Peak Shaving Battery at BMW Technology

BMW of North America has installed a Battery Storage system at its Technology Office in Mountain View. It consists of a 100 kW demand response inverter and a 30kWh lithium iron phosphate battery housed in a shipping container. The system will be used as a research tool to explore several applications for Energy Storage Systems. These applications include Peak Demand Shaving, Photo-Voltaic Energy Storage, DC Fast Charging of an Electric Vehicle and service as an Uninterruptable Power Supply for power outages. The next step in the project is to install a 100 kW solar array on the building.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 100 0:20.00 2606 Bayshore Parkway, Mountain View, California 94043, United States Operational
Thumb_chabot_plant_4 CLPCCD - Utility Infrastructure Project

This project was undertaken by the Chabot-Los Positas Community College District (CLPCCD) to resolve several campus-wide issues including spiraling energy costs and demand charges, aging and deteriorating mechanical systems, the need for a central plant with centralized and industrial grade equipment, and the need to achieve a more sustainable campus focused on energy and CO2 reduction.

Southland Industries (SI) provided design-build services, acted as prime contractor and self-performed 81% of the work for a $37M energy upgrade consisting of two new energy efficient thermal ice storage plants with chilled and hot water underground loop piping for the Chabot and Las Positas Community College campuses. This was a large and complex project with the added challenge of working on active college campuses in buildings that were over 40 years old and significant underground utility work without building drawings. Each site used used new high efficiency hot water boilers, high efficiency chillers, CALMAC ice storage tanks and cooling towers located in a new central plant yard. The project included installation of 60,000 lineal feet of underground mains, new IT conduit feeds updating phone and data systems, and natural gas and domestic water to all buildings.

Ice Thermal Storage 890 4:40.00 25555 Hesperian Blvd, Hayward, California 94545, United States Operational
Minami Daito Island Frequency Regulation

A project subsidized by Japan's New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization, a 122kWh battery system is combined with two 245 kW wind turbines and a diesel-powered generator owned by the Okinawa Electric Power Co., Inc. at the remote island of Minami Daito. GIGACELL, a nickel-metal hydride battery developed by Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd. is utilized in the battery system. A demonstration test is being conducted to control frequency regulation. The GIGACELL will also serve as a backup power souce during the diesel generator's 15-minute start-up time in the case of a sudden cut-off in wind power generation.

Nickel Metal Hydride Battery 300 0:15.00 Minami Daito, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan Operational
Thumb_nedo_lead_acid_pic NEDO New Mexico Smart Grid Demonstration Project

As an example of Hitachi’s power system stabilization solutions including energy storage systems being deployed overseas, the New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO) has commissioned a Demonstration Project in Los Alamos County, New Mexico, USA, which includes a lead acid battery system comprised of lead acid batteries (LL1500-W model which is produced by Shin-Kobe Electric Machinery Co., Ltd.), a 500-kVA PCS for storage batteries. The PCS is a hybrid type that includes two circuits of DC/DC converters that can be connected to storage batteries and photovoltaic cells.

This demonstration project involves the construction of a system that is interconnected with the distribution line, and is engaging in a demonstration study into the effectiveness of suppressing short-term output fluctuations in photovoltaic power generation through the charging and discharging of lead-acid batteries.

Valve Regulated Lead Acid Battery (VRLA) 800 1:00.00 Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States Operational
Thumb_goldisthal Goldisthal Pumped Storage Power Station

Goldisthal Pumped Storage Plant is located in the Thuringian Slate Mountains at the headwaters of the Schwarza between Goldisthal and Scheibe-Alsbach and was commissioned in 2004. Its capacity of 1,060 MW makes it the largest hydroelectric power plant in Germany and one of the largest in Europe. Construction costs amounted to about € 623 million.

A special feature of Goldisthal is the first variable speed pumped storage unit in Europe. Two of the four pump-turbines operate at variable (asynchronous) and two constant (synchronous) speed. Such combined machine sets that are flexible and continuously adapt their performance both in turbine operation in power generation and in pumping mode of energy supply to the requirements and thus can be operated with the optimum efficiency were previously taken only in operation in Japan.

Hydraulic head: 301 m
Reservoir capacity: 12,000,000 m3 Water discharge: 100 m3/s per unit, 4 Units 265 MW each

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,060,000 8:00.00 Thuringian Slate Mountains, Thuringia, Germany Operational
Thumb_78453e54369a479486133b91d2078bfb Reisseck II Pumped Storage Power Plant

Through the construction of the pumped storage power plant Reisseck II, VERBUND is not only investing in the expansion of renewable energies but - in connection with the existing power plants Malta and Reisseck - is also creating one of Europe's most efficient hydropower plant groups in Carinthia's Möll Valley.

The high Alpine project area for the pumped storage power plant Reisseck II is located in Mühldorfer Graben at a height of up to 2,300 metres (m) where the Great Mühldorfer Lake will later function as an upper basin. The cavern power plant Reisseck II will be erected 1,585 m above sea level in the mountain and equipped with two powerful pump turbines.

Similar to a normal storage power plant, Reisseck II will produce peak electricity in high demand periods, whereby water will be transported via a works water channel from Great Mühldorfer Lake to the two turbines that drive the generators. The processed water will run into a lower basin.

Both of the machines units in the mountain can be switched to pump operation, whereby the generators will then function as motors and the turbines will pump the water from the lower basin back up to the upper basin. Pump operation will take place during the day when the European grid is carrying more electricity than is required by the consumers. Energy which, for example, comes from the large wind farms or the Danube power plants can be saved in the form of pumped-up water. The pumped storage power plant Reisseck II will therefore function as a "green battery" in the Alps. The power plant will have a capacity of 430 megawatt (MW), both in turbine and pump operation. This corresponds to the electricity generating capacity of approximately 200 wind turbines.

On completion of the rock cavern for the power plant in 2011, the boring of the works water channel to Great Mühldorfer Lake commenced in the first half of 2012 with an 880-ton (t) and 220 m tunnel boring machine. The assembly work on Austria's largest power plant construction site commenced in summer 2012. 300 experts are currently working on this high Alpine site. The newest VERBUND pumped storage power plant Reisseck II will be commissioned in 2014. The total investment volume amounts to € 385 million.

A 200-ton transformer works its way up to Reisseck power plant

In the project Reisseck II, assembly work is going full speed ahead. Of all power plant components, the block transformer with a tare weight of 200 tons is the heaviest single component.

The transformer was delivered to Spittal on the river Drau by rail. Several tractive units harnessed in front of the transformer heaved it from the Mölltal valley to the power plant cavern, located 1000 meters higher – a logistic challenge!

http://www.power-technology.com/projects/reisseck-ii-pumped-storage-power-plant-carinthia/?goback=%2Egmp_3698324%2Egde_3698324_member_5812132009241239554#%21

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 430,000 n/a Kölnbrein Dam, Carynthia, Austria Operational
Thumb_markersbach_22 Markersbach Pumped Storage Power Plant

The Markersbach Pumped Storage Power Plant is a hydroelectric power station utilizing pumped-storage technology in Markersbach, Germany. Planning for the power plant began in 1961, construction began in 1970 and the generators were commissioned in 1979. The power station generates electricity by moving water between an upper and lower reservoir. During periods of low energy demand, water is pumped from the lower reservoir at an elevation of 563 m (1,847 ft) to an upper reservoir at 850 m (2,789 ft). When energy demand is high, the water is released back down towards the lower reservoir and fed through six 175 MW reversible Francis pump turbines, the same machines that pumped the water to the upper reservoir.

Hydraulic head: 288 m
Reservoir Capacity: 6,300,000 m3
Water discharge: 70 m3/s per Unit, 6 Units 175 MW each

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,050,000 4:00.00 Markersbach, Saxony, Germany Operational
Thumb_visualisation Smarter Network Storage

The Smarter Network Storage (SNS) project aims to carry out a range of technical and commercial innovation to tackle the challenges associated with the low-carbon transition and facilitate the economic adoption of storage. It is differentiated from other LCNF electrical storage projects by its demonstration of storage across multiple parts of the electricity system, outside the boundaries of the distribution network. By demonstrating this multi-purpose
application of 6MW/10MWh of energy storage at Leighton Buzzard primary substation, the project will explore the capabilities and value in alternative revenue streams for storage, whilst deferring traditional network
reinforcement.
The project aims to provide the industry with a greater understanding and a detailed assessment of the business case and full economics of energy storage, helping to accommodate increasing levels of intermittent and inflexible low carbon generation. The project was awarded funding of £13.2 million by Ofgem, under the
Low Carbon Network Fund (LCNF) scheme in December 2012 and will last four years, from January 2013 to December 2016.

Lithium Ion Battery 6,000 1:40.00 Leighton Buzzard, Bedfordshire LU7 3NU, United Kingdom Announced
Thumb_img_0406 SkyGrid Energy

Off-grid 100kW wind powered commercial scale water pumping system utilizing a grid forming 100kW 4-quadrant 3-phase inverter, 100kW lithium titanate battery bank, variable frequency drive and PCL based supervisory controls to operate a 50hp submersible pump. This completely off-grid system is capable of producing over 30 million gallons of water per year. Can also utilize solar as a source of renewable energy.

Lithium Ion Titanate Battery 100 0:15.00 Pratt & Lokahi Road, North Kohala, Hawaii 96753, United States Operational
Thumb_zagorskaya_psp Zagorsk PSP-1

The decision to build the country's first hydroelectric power plant in the town of Sergiev Posad district was adopted in 1974. The first two reversible pumped storage hydro Zagorskaya were put into operation in December, 1987. The last of the six reversible pump turbines were commissioned in 2000.

Zagorsk-2 with a future installed capacity of 840 MW is currently being constructed adjacent to it.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,200,000 n/a Sergiev Posad, Moscow Oblast, Russia Operational
Thumb_1386173752789 Zagorsk PSP-2

The new power plant will be built near the currently functioning Zagorsk PSP-1, its installed capacity will be 840 MW.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 840,000 n/a Sergiev Posad, Moscow Oblast, Russia Under Construction
Thumb_vianden Vianden Pumped Storage Plant

The Vianden Pumped Storage Plant is located just north of Vianden near the German border on the Our River. The power plant uses nine 100 MW Francis reversible pump-turbine-generators commissioned 1962-1964 and one 196 MW Francis reversible pump-turbine-generator commissioned in 1976.

Construction on an eleventh pump-generator began in 2010 and it is expected to be commissioned in 2013, which will bring the plant's installed capacity to 1,296 MW.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,096,000 n/a Vianden, Diekrich, Luxembourg Operational
AEP Ohio gridSMART Demonstration Project

AEP Ohio and its partners are building a secure, interoperable, and integrated Smart Grid infrastructure in Ohio that demonstrates the ability to maximize distribution system efficiency and reliability, and consumer use of demand response programs to reduce energy consumption, peak demand costs, and fossil fuel emissions. The demon- stration area includes 150 square miles including parts of Columbus, Bexley, Gahanna, New Albany, Whitehall, Reynoldsburg, Westerville, Blacklick, Johnstown, Alexandria, Minerva Park, and Pataskala. This area includes approximately 110,000 meters and 70 distribution circuits. AEP Ohio will implement Smart Grid technology over 58 13kV circuits from 10 distribution stations and 12 34.5kV circuits from six distribution stations. Included in this project is a redistribution management system, integrated volt-VAR control, distribution automation, advanced meter infrastructure, home area networks, community energy storage, sodium sulfur battery storage, and renewable generation sources. These technologies will be combined with two-way consumer communication and information sharing, demand response, dynamic pricing, and consumer products, such as plug-in hybrid vehicles.

The plan is to Integrate 4 units of 25kW/25kWh of storage resources into the existing grid.

Lithium Ion Battery 100 1:00.00 1 Riverside Plaza, Columbus, Ohio 43215-2355, United States Under Construction
Thumb_long_island_smart_energy_corridor Long Island Power Authority Long Island Smart Energy Corridor

Twelve sealed absorbed glass mat (AGM) lead acid batteries planned for demonstration of storage in the residential demonstration model at Farmingdale; 60 Amp, 720W, 12V.
The Long Island Power Authority (LIPA) is teaming with Stony Brook University and Farmingdale State College to create a Smart Energy Corridor located along Route 110 in Melville, Farmingdale, and South Huntington, New York. The demonstration project will integrate advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) technology with automated substation and distribution systems to reduce peak demand and energy costs while improving the ability to identify and respond to outages. AMI will be installed at 2,338 consumer locations, 1,488 will be residential. Data collectors will be installed along the Corridor to facilitate network communications. LIPA will install digital control and communications devices on 51 capacitor banks and will also install devices that automate monitoring and control of 18 overhead switches and 6 underground switches. A key aspect of this project is to evaluate the impact of a range of variables on customer behavior and consumption, including an alternative tariff structure, provision of varying levels of information and analytical tools, and outreach and energy automation for a sample of participating customers. Demonstration projects at the Farmingdale campus will include live residential and commercial models showing how intelligent devices can enable customers to understand and control their usage and integrate distributed renewable energy. Farmingdale will also provide training and education to students, technicians, and businesses as well as outreach to the community. Stony Brook University will investigate cyber security issues, research load forecasting and modeling techniques that leverage Smart Grid data, and develop tools to help customers better visualize and understand their energy usage.

Lead Acid Battery 8 n/a 333 Earle Ovington Boulevard, Uniondale, New York 11553-3606, United States Under Construction
Pecan Street Project Inc. Energy Internet Demonstration

Pecan Street Project is developing and implementing an Energy Internet at the 711-acre Robert Mueller mixed-use development in Austin, Texas. Smart Grid systems that form the foundation of this project include automated meter information, 2-way meters, energy control gateways (a home network system that links to a customer web portal), advanced billing software, and smart thermostats. These technologies will be integrated into a microgrid that links 1,000 residential meters, 75 commercial meters, and plug-in electric vehicles (PEV). At least 100 of the residential meters will have rooftop solar photovoltaics (PV), including 15 or more affordable residences. The project will also integrate 200 residences with smart water and smart irrigation systems. Different storage technologies will be tested including thermal storage, battery technologies (e.g., lithium-ion, lithium iron magnesium phosphate, metal air, and lead acid), and possibly ultracapacitors and fuel cell systems. Distributed generation technologies integrated into the Energy Internet include solar PV (crystalline silicon and thin film), solar water heaters, and absorption chillers. Through the use of Pecan Streets’ two-way energy flow, customers can set electricity and water budgets, have software manage electricity use of individual appliances, and sell energy back to the grid; cars connected to the grid can be powered with solar energy and help level loads; and utilities can store power and deliver it when needed, - See more at: http://www.smartgrid.gov/project/pecan_street_project_inc_energy_internet_demonstration#sthash.i2Mv4MKm.dpuf

Lithium Ion Battery 15 2:30.00 3925 W BRAKER LN STE 300, Austin, Texas 78759-5371, United States Under Construction
Thumb_marmora Marmora Pumped Storage

The Marmora project will use an open pit and an upper reservoir in a closed-loop configuration. Combination pumps/generators will pump water up into the reservoir during off-peak periods and then release it back down into the mine during on-peak periods to generate electricity. The design provides for an average head of 140 metres, producing 400 MW of generated power to enable time-shifting to support renewable energy sources and grid demand patterns.

Closed Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 400,000 5:00.00 Marmora, Ontario, Canada Announced
Green Charge Networks Lithium Ion Distributed Energy Storage System at 7-Eleven

Green Charge Networks' GreenStation demonstration consists of a Lithium Ion storage unit, a system controller, one DC Fast electric vehicle charger (NYC's first DC charger). Primary benefits include peak shaving and demand charge avoidance. The system is tied to a network operations center where loads are monitored and controlled in real-time. The project is supported by a DOE Smart Grid Demonstration Grant.

Lithium Ion Battery 100 1:00.00 58-20 Francis Lewis Blvd., Queens, New York 11364, United States Operational
Thumb_orkneystorageparkbatterysystemcontainers Orkney Storage Park Project

"Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. (MHI), jointly with Scottish Hydro Electric Power Distribution (SHEPD), has begun an energy storage system demonstration project using the distribution grid in the UK's Orkney Islands, which has a high penetration of renewable energy. The project aims at demonstrating power supply stabilization in the region by introducing a container-housed large capacity energy storage system using lithium-ion rechargeable batteries, with a power output/input capability of 2MW (megawatts). The storage system will be handed over for operation in the middle of 2013.

The demonstration project is conducted with the support of New Energy and Industrial Technology Development organization (NEDO) of Japan, under the ""Development of Technology for Safe, Low-cost, Large-size Battery System"" programme. In the project, Mitsubishi Power Systems Europe, Ltd. (MPSE), the business base for MHI's power system operations in Europe, will jointly provide the energy storage service to Scottish Hydro Electric Power Distribution plc (SHEPD) The funding for the project is being provided to SHEPD from OFGEM, under it's Tier 1 Low Carbon Network Fund.

The energy storage system, which has the capacity to store approximately 800kWh (kilowatt hour) nominal, 500kWh normal usage, consists of two 40ft containers for the batteries and a 40ft container for the power conditioning system. Each battery container houses more than 2,000 units of lithium-ion rechargeable batteries and its management system. The power conditioning system container houses a system for conversion of direct current (DC)/alternating current (A/C) and the associated input/output controls.

The energy storage system will be installed at SHEPD's Kirkwall Power Station. In the cases of power shortage or power surplus on the Orkney Islands, power is transmitted from/to the mainland through two 33kV submarine cables. When there is too much renewable energy, exceeding the export capacity of the cable to the mainland, the energy storage system will import part of the excess energy, reducing the need to constrain renewable generation on the islands, by reducing or stopping generator export."

Lithium Ion Battery 2,000 0:15.00 Kirkwall, Orkney, United Kingdom Operational
Thumb_turlough Turlough Hill Pumped Storage

The power station is designed to generate electricity at times of peak demand and is instantly dispatchable: it can go from standstill to full generation within 75 seconds, compared with 12 hours for some thermal plants.

Since 2004, Turlough Hill has been the Hydro Control Centre (HCC) for the entire ESB hydroelectric portfolio, which comprises 19 generators in total.

Between 2007 and 2012, Voith Hydro, the original equipment manufacturer, refurbished all four 73 MW pump-generators in the plant.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 292,000 6:00.00 Lough Nahanagan, Wicklow, Ireland Operational
Thumb_bleiloch Bleiloch Pumped Storage Power Station

Commissioned in 1932, the Bleiloch power plant houses two 40 MW Francis-type pumped storage units, and is used to shift energy from off-peak hours to peak demand hours.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 80,000 n/a bleilochtalsperre, Schleiz, Thuringia, Germany Operational
Thumb_hohenwarte_i_ Hohenwarte Pumped Storage Scheme

The Hohenwarte Pumped Storage Scheme consists of two pumped storage power plants, Hohenwarte I rated at 63 MW and Hohenwarte II rated at 320 MW, and lies on the Saale River.

Hohenwarte I's first turbine generator was commissioned in 1942. Two additional turbines were added in 1959. The Saale River, closed off by a dam, forms the top basin for the power plant with a length of 27 km and a storage capacity of 180.86 million m3. (This dam was primarily built for flood control.)

Hohenwarte II has been in operation since 1966. With eight pumped-storage sets it is the largest hydro power plant on the Saale River. The layout of the top basin is artificial without any natural inflow with 3.02 million m³ of water. The Eichicht catchment basin is used as a bottom basin for the Hohenwarte I and II pumped-storage plants. The hydro power generating sets are installed in a powerhouse constructed in the bottom basin.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 383,000 5:30.00 Saalfeld, Thuringia, Germany Operational
Thumb_geesthacht Geesthacht Pumped Storage Power Station

Geesthacht Pumped-storage Power Plant was commissioned in 1958. The power plant is situated by the River Elbe and is the largest power plant of its kind in northern Germany.

The upper water reservoir, located almost 93 metres above sea level, is 600 metres long, 500 metres wide and has a water capacity of approximately 3.6 million m3. The plant has three turbines with a capacity of 40 MW each, giving a total capacity of 120 MW. After full discharge, the water is pumped up through three parallel pipelines to the water reservoir. The procedure of pumping up water and refilling the reservoir takes nine hours.

Since 2001, the work was reduced to ten percent of the possible operating time because the state government had introduced a removal fee for surface water. This levy was now reduced to a tenth of the original amount.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 120,000 5:00.00 Geesthacht, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany Operational
Thumb_wendefurth Wendefurth Power Station

The Wendefurth Power Plant is operated as a peak load power plant by Vattenfall. At nighttime it pumps water up from the lower reservior to the upper reservior. The stored energy can be used to balance the feed in of renewable energies and also for grid stabilization.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 80,000 6:30.00 Talsperre Wendefurth, Wendefurth, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany Operational
Thumb_niederwartha Niederwartha Pumped Storage Power Station

The Niederwartha plant was one of the first pumped storage power plants realized on a large scale. Niederwartha was built from 1927 to 1930 and has a rated output of 120 megawatts, which can be generated by six Francis-type machine sets. Four of them, however, are currently shut down, leaving the plant's operational rated power at 40 MW.

The plant was damaged by an Elbe River flood in August 2002. Starting in November 2003, it was gradually put into operation again. Only two turbines have come back online because the other turbines' transformers are defective. Instead of repairing the machinery, it is planned to replace the outdated technology with only one turbine of 120 MW.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 40,000 n/a Niederwartha, Saxony, Germany Operational
Thumb_sd_zoo_solar-to-ev_project San Diego Zoo Solar-to-EV Project

As part of SDG&E's sustainable communities porgram, Kokam energy has installed a 100kW/100kWh Lithium Ion Battery Energy Storage system at the San Diego Zoo. The system is coupled with a 90kW solar system which generates electricity for 5 EV chargers and 59 homes. The energy storage system balances the solar power to provide smooth energy output.

Lithium Ion Battery 100 1:00.00 2920 Zoo Drive, San Diego, California, United States Operational
Smart Microgrid System

PDE's Electrical Training Institute Smart Microgrid demonstrates an existing electrical infrastructure integrated with advanced electronics, energy storage, solar, and controls, providing a platform for smarter and more reliable electrical systems. These technologies will enable adoption of the emerging smart grid, facilitate integration of electric vehicles to the grid, and support California's 2020 renewable portfolio standards requiring 33% of the state's electricity to be generated from renewable resources.

The system will demonstrate 6 smart grid functions:

1. The ability to charge electric vehicles through multiple energy sources, including solar, battery energy storage system (BESS), or grid power. Benefits include reduced CO2 emissions, reduced demand on the grid and local electrical transmission and distribution system.

2. Utilizing the BESS to smooth solar production at the local level.

3. Respond to a demand response signal from the utility by injecting active power into the grid from stored energy and integrate with existing building management systems.

4. Provide a more reliable electrical system by maintaining uninterrupted power during power outages and utilizing solar to sustain the load during daylight hours.

5. Showcase state-of-the-art inverter technology capable of integrating 3 DC sources and varying voltages to improve efficiency and reliability of renewable sources of energy.

6. Participate in ancillary utility markets by providing or absorbing power.

Lithium Ion Battery 90 0:20.00 6023 Garfield Ave., Commerce, California 90040, United States Operational
SCPPA Thermal Energy Storage Program

The Southern California Public Power Authority (SCPPA) has entered into an agreement with Ice Energy to purchase up to 53MW of peak load shifting (PLS)capacity with the installation of Ice Bear Thermal Energy Storage (TES) equipment on behalf of SCPPA's 12 publicly owned utility members as well as other municipal utilities (participants) in the region.

This could be the largest deployment of Ice Bears and provides participants an ability to achieve Utility-scale peak demand reduction and shifting of air conditioner load, while also providing valued efficiency improvements for individual commercial and industrial (C/I) customers - without sacrificing customer comfort. To date, 7 members and 2 other POUs have installed approximately 2.5MW of TES capacity in more than 200 customer's facilities.

These installations have provided participants new opportunities to work with C/I customers in partnership to help them cost-effectively reduce peak demand and shift energy usage to the off-peak period. In addition, the SCPPA agreement with Ice Energy requires that local engineers and HVAC contractors be used for the design and installation processes and that supplies and materials be acquired locally, to the greatest extent possible to provide local and regional economic development opportunities in the communities served by the participants.

In essence, participants are purchasing and installing the Ice Bears and related equipment with little or no monetary contribution from the customers. This business model is considered to be optimal, particularly for initial deployment, because utilities are the recipients of the most value or benefits from the PLS technology. That is, while customers may see reduced on-peak usage, unless they are on TOU rates, there may not be much (if any) reduction in their bill and energy savings from the TES. However there are significant operational, economic, and environmental benefits inherent with peak load shifting that are achieved by electric utilities who implement energy storage programs including, but not limited to: avoidance on-peak generation, operation and/or construction; improved load factor and "flattening" of load curves; reducing minimum load conditions and assimilation of intermittent renewable resources that also might be delivered off-peak; and reducing or removing constraints on overloaded distribution circuits or feeders to help defer or avoid capital intensive system improvements.

Ice Thermal Storage 2,427 6:00.00 1160 Nicole Court, Glendora, California, United States Operational
Thumb_herdecke Herdecke Pumped Storage Power Plant

The Herdecke (or Koepchenwerk) Pumped Storage Power Plant was originally commissioned in 1930, but an accident caused by a broken pump in December 1980 led to the plant's closure. Between 1985 and 1989, RWE built and commissioned a new pumped storage plant adjacent to the old one. The power plant was later modernized at the cost of €25 million between May and September 2007.

The plant uses roughly the same amount of energy in pumping mode (153,590 kW) as it creates in generating mode (153,000 kW).

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 153,000 4:00.00 Herdecke, Rhine-Westphalia, Germany Operational
Thumb_grid_on_wheels_pic Grid on Wheels

Grid on Wheels is the first ever use of electric vehicle batteries, chargers, and charging infrastructure to
participate in and generate revenue from open ancillary services markets. This project is the culmination of
innovations and developments over the past 15 years including:

• Bi-directional charging for EVs at up to 18 kW per vehicle
• Remote control of EV charging
• Third-party aggregation of EVs for the purpose of providing ancillary services
• Real-time communication between vehicle, aggregator, and ISO/RTO
• Rates, regulation, standards, and tariffs enabling market participation from EVs downstream of the
meter

Grid on Wheels is deployed at University of Delaware by eV2g, a joint venture between the University and
NRG. The project uses 30 BMW MINI Es modified for V2G and provided by EV Grid. The project achieved the
first successful fulfillment of and earned payment for grid regulation in PJM's ancillary services market in
March, 2013. Since then Grid on Wheels has been increasing the hours and power it bids into the market.
Ultimately, the 30 EVs in the project will be able to provide up to 300 kW or more of grid-up and grid-down
regulation.

Lithium Ion Battery 360 2:30.00 210 S College Ave., Newark, Delaware, United States Operational
1500 Walnut

1500 Walnut was originally supposed to replace an ineffective cooling system. Ice storage was justified by reduced demand charges. As caps came off in PA, the demand charges were reduced and demand savings became hard to find.

Tozour Energy and Viridity came in to modify the system to change the system to operate optimally as a virtual generator changing the controls to focus the entire building electrical systems, including the IceBank energy storage, to be able to transparently shed load upon a call from the electrical grid (PJM).

1500 Walnut currently participates in the PJM Capacity Market and also the PJM Economic Energy Market. Dependent on the equipment responsiveness and controllability of 1500 Walnut, the project could be considered for PJM Ancillary markets – Synch Reserve and/or Regulation in upcoming contracts.

Ice Thermal Storage 210 6:00.00 1500 Walnut Street,, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19102, United States Operational
Limberg II Pumped Storage Power Station

Limberg II is a member of the Kaprun Group, a group of hydroelectric power plants in Hohen Tauern in Kaprun valley. The plant utilizes the two existing reservoirs Wasserfallboden and Mooserboden with, a mean elevation drop of 365m.

Limberg II increased the the Kaprun Group's capacity enough that it can now cover about 10% of Austria's peak. The project's total investment cost was approximately €405 million.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 480,000 n/a Stausee Mooserboden, Salzburg, Austria Operational
Thumb_abb_ekz_aussen_nacht_01 The Zurich 1 MW BESS

The Utility of the Canton of Zurich (EKZ) and ABB have installed a 1 MW battery in Dietikon, Switzerland. The battery can store up to 500 kWh and is therefore the largest of its kind in Switzerland. The system was built over a nine-month period, including procurement of all necessary permits.

The Energy Storage System is connected to the low and medium voltage grid of EKZ and its control include a photovoltaic (PV) plant, an office building and electric vehicle charging stations, allowing to test various different smart grid applications.

ABB's PCS100 enables AC/DC conversion in both directions at full nominal power. The battery cells were provided by LG Chem and are located inside an air conditioned outdoor container, which ensures optimum conditions for the cells.

The various applications investigated include primary frequency control, peak shaving, microgrid control including the office building, and voltage control using active and reactive power supplied by the PCS.

Lithium Ion Battery 1,000 0:30.00 Überlandstrasse 2, Dietikon, Zurich, Switzerland Operational
Falkoping Substation Lithium Ion Battery

Zurich, Switzerland, June 27, 2011 – ABB, the leading power and automation technology group, has won an order from the Swedish utility Falbygdens Energi (a subsidiary of Göteborgs Energi) to supply an innovative dynamic energy storage solution for its power distribution network.

The storage solution is based on a new technology that uses a battery storage device to provide stability to the grid. The equipment will be installed as part of an existing substation in the city of Falköping and will enable the storage of locally produced energy from wind turbines. Storage capacity will be 75 kilowatts (kW) in cycles of up to 60 minutes.

This will help to balance peak loads during the day and enhance grid stability. It will be the first such low-voltage dynamic storage solution of its kind in the country, and is part of a partnership agreement between the two companies to collaborate on developing technologies to facilitate the integration of renewable energies and the evolution of smarter grids.

“We have a significant proportion of wind power connected to the grid in this region and expect this to grow further,"" said Lars Ohlsson, CEO of Falbygdens Energi. ""This innovative storage solution will make it possible to store wind energy during the night when demand is low and distribute it to users during the day, allowing us to use this clean renewable energy more efficiently and minimizing the need for fossil fuel-based electricity generation. As part of this pilot, we will also study the feasibility of the stored energy to be deployed as auxiliary power for charging of electrical vehicles.

Clean and renewable energy sources like wind are also unpredictable and intermittent,"" said Bruno Melles, head of ABB's medium voltage power products business, a part of the company’s Power Products division. ""Storage technologies can help balance loads, while maintaining stability as power grids and networks become smarter and more flexible. We are pleased to partner with Falbygdens Energi on the development of this storage technology, which will provide many useful insights.

Lithium Ion Battery 75 1:00.00 Falkoping, Västra Götaland County, Sweden Operational
Thumb_gemasolar_molten_salt Gemasolar Plant

Gemasolar is the first commercial-scale plant in the world to apply central tower receiver and molten salt heat storage technology. The relevance of this plant lies in its technological uniqueness, since it opens up the way for new thermosolar electrical generation technology.

Characteristics of Gemasolar:

Rated electrical power: 19.9 MW
Solar field: 2,650 heliostats on 185 hectares
Heat storage system: the molten salt storage tank permits independent electrical generation for up to 15 hours without any solar feed.
The prolongation of the plant's operating time in the absence of solar radiation and the improvement in efficiency of the use of the heat from the sun makes Gemasolar's output much higher than that which is delivered by other technologies in a facility with the same power.

The notable increase in the plant's power efficiency guarantees electrical production for 6,500 hours a year, 1.5 to 3 times more than other renewable energies. The plant will thus supply clean, safe power to 25,000 homes and reduce atmospheric CO2 emissions by more than 30,000 tons a year.

The power generated by Gemasolar will be sent through a high-tension line to the substation of Villanueva del Rey (Andalusia, Spain), where it will be injected into the grid.

http://www.torresolenergy.com/TORRESOL/gemasolar-plant/en

Due to turbine capacity constraints we have limited output to 19.9 MW. Please note that thermal capacity is actually 50 MW.

Molten Salt Storage 19,900 15:00.00 Km 475 A4, Fuentes de Andalucía, Seville , Spain Operational
Thumb_cener_vrb CENER VRB

100kW / 200kWh
Smart grid application- severe
single phase loading requirements
100% imbalance per phase- wide
frequency deviations
Operated in a micro-grid to
perform output leveling and time
of day shifting
Provides reactive energy voltage
control dynamically
The micro-grid will be both grid
connected and islanded

Vanadium Redox Flow Battery 50 2:00.00 Sarriguren, Navarra, Spain Operational
Thumb_acciona_baterias_de_1_mw Acciona Energia Innovative Lithium-Ion System (ILIS) Project

Renewables group Acciona and partner Saft completed a 1 year pilot project on integrating a 1 MW lithium-ion battery onto an existing solar array in Spain, marking the first time such energy-storage technology has been used at a utility-scale PV installation in Europe.

The battery was capable of storing and then discharging 560kWh of electricity.

The outcome of the project resulted in the design of SCADA systems for PV+ storage power plants with the functionalities of power ramp control, primary and secondary frequency regulation, voltage regulation with active reactive power control and active power factor correction of the power plant. Acciona also developed algorithms to control the power ramps of the PV plant with lower use of the battery in order to increase its life.

Lithium Ion Battery 1,000 0:34.00 Tudela , Navarre, Spain De-Commissioned
Thumb_solarsalt1 Rice Solar Energy Project

The Rice Solar Energy Project is a 150 MW concentrating solar power facility project developed in Riverside County, California, the United States. Proposed by Rice Solar, a subsidiary of SolarReserve, the thermal power tower facility will be located on 1,410 acres (570 ha) of private land on the site of the former Rice Army Airfield, near the abandoned town of Rice, California. The project's innovative molten salt storage system will capture solar energy and deliver power to the grid even after the sun goes down. The facility is expected to power 68,000 homes, create up to 450 construction jobs, and generate more than $48 million in state and local tax revenue over the first 10 years of operation.

Molten Salt Storage 150,000 8:00.00 Rice, California, United States Under Construction
Thumb_ps20andps10 Planta Solar 20 Solar Power Plant (PS 20)

The PS20 solar plant consists of a 210-acre solar field made up of 1,255 heliostats designed by Abengoa Solar. Each heliostat reflects the solar radiation captured onto a receiver located at the top of a 541-foot tower to produce steam, which is generated into electricity inside a turbine. PS20 has the capacity to produce dispatchable energy with transitories thanks to its one-hour storage system.

Heat Thermal Storage 20,000 1:00.00 Sanlúcar La Mayor, Seville, Spain Operational
Thumb_ps20andps10 Planta Solar 10 Solar Plant

The solar field occupies 148 acres and is composed of 624 heliostats, each being 1,291 sq. ft. Designed by Abengoa Solar, these heliostats concentrate the solar radiation they capture onto a receiver located at the top of a 377-foot tower. PS10 also features a 30-minute storage capability, which enables the plant to continue running under conditions of low solar radiation and no insolation.

Heat Thermal Storage 11,000 0:30.00 Sanlúcar La Mayor, Seville, Spain Operational
Thumb_valle1-and-valle2 Arcosol 50 (Valle 1)

Solar Field
Solar-Field Aperture Area: 510,120 m²
# of Solar Collector Assemblies (SCAs): 624
# of Loops: 156
# of SCAs per Loop: 4
SCA Aperture Area: 817 m²
SCA Manufacturer (Model): Sener (SenerTrough)
Heat-Transfer Fluid Type: Diphenyl/Diphenyl Oxide
Solar-Field Inlet Temp: 293°C
Solar-Field Outlet Temp: 393°C
Solar-Field Temp Difference: 100°C

Power Block
Turbine Capacity (Gross): 49.9 MW
Turbine Capacity (Net): 49.9 MW
Output Type: Steam Rankine
Power Cycle Pressure: 100.0 bar
Cooling Method: Wet cooling
Turbine Efficiency: 38.1% @ full load
Fossil Backup Type: Natural gas

Sodium and Potassium Nitrate Molten Salt Thermal Storage 50,000 7:30.00 A-389 Pk 11, San José del Valle, Cádiz 11580, Spain Operational
Llo Solar Thermal Project

Solar Field
Solar-Field Aperture Area: 120,000 m²
# of Lines: 25
Line Length: 340 m
Mirror Width in Line: 14 m
Collector Manufacturer : CNIM
Heat-Transfer Fluid Type: Water
Solar-Field Inlet Temp: 190°C
Solar-Field Outlet Temp: 285°C
Power Block
Turbine Capacity (Gross): 9.0 MW
Turbine Capacity (Net): 9.0 MW
Power Cycle Pressure: 70.0 bar
Cooling Method: Dry cooling
Cooling Method Description: Air cooled condenser

Heat Thermal Storage 9,000 1:00.00 Llo, Pyrenees Orientales 66800, France Contracted
Thumb_images Archimede Solar Power Plant

"
Archimede is a parabolic trough plant operating in Sicily, Italy. The plant produces steam (4.72-MW equivalent) sent to a combined-cycle steam turbine rated at 130 MW. This parabolic trough system is the first using molten salt as the heat-transfer fluid. A 2-tank direct system will provide 6.5 hours of thermal storage.

Solar Field
Solar-Field Aperture Area: 31,860 m²
# of Solar Collector Assemblies (SCAs): 54
# of Loops: 9
# of SCAs per Loop: 6
SCA Aperture Area: 590 m²
SCA Length: 100 m
# of Modules per SCA: 8
SCA Manufacturer (Model): COMES (ENEA)
Mirror Manufacturer: Ronda Reflex
# of Heat Collector Elements (HCEs): 1,296
HCE Manufacturer: Archimede Solar Energy
Heat-Transfer Fluid Type: Molten salt (60% NaNO?, 40% KNO?)
Solar-Field Inlet Temp: 290°C
Solar-Field Outlet Temp: 550°C
Solar-Field Temp Difference: 260°C

Power Block
Turbine Capacity (Gross): 5.0 MW
Turbine Capacity (Net): 4.72 MW
Turbine Manufacturer: Tosi
Turbine Description: The plant produces steam that is sent to the CC steam turbine, rated at 130 MW; the 4.72 MW datum is the calculated capacity added by the solar steam
Power Cycle Pressure: 93.83 bar
Cooling Method: Wet cooling
Turbine Efficiency: 39.3% @ full load
Annual Solar-to-Electricity Efficiency (Gross): 15.6%"

Sodium and Potassium Nitrate Molten Salt Thermal Storage 4,720 8:00.00 Priolo Gargallo, Sicily, Italy Operational
Airlight Energy Ait Baha Plant

A concentrating solar power (CSP) project that is designed to recover waste heat from the cement factory and provide additional heat at higher temperature to the existing 12MW ORC Generator.

Heat Thermal Storage 650 9:00.00 Ait Baha, Agadir, Morocco Under Construction
Thumb_bethel_poster_22x17 Apex Bethel Energy Center

317 MW compressed air energy storage factility

Compressed Air 317,000 105:00.00 Tennessee Colony, Texas, United States Announced
Thumb_valle1-and-valle2 Termesol 50 (Valle 2) CSP Power Plant

Technology: Parabolic trough
Land Area: 230 hectares
Solar Resource: 2,097 kWh/m2/yr
Cost (approx): 320,000,000 Euro
Cost Info Source: Torresol
Construction Job-Years: 900
Annual O&M Jobs: 45
PPA/Tariff Date: January 1, 2010

Plant Configuration
Solar Field
Solar-Field Aperture Area: 510,120 m²
# of Solar Collector Assemblies (SCAs): 624
# of Loops: 156
# of SCAs per Loop: 4
SCA Aperture Area: 817 m²
SCA Manufacturer (Model): Sener (SenerTrough)
Heat-Transfer Fluid Type: Diphenyl/Diphenyl Oxide
Solar-Field Inlet Temp: 293°C
Solar-Field Outlet Temp: 393°C
Solar-Field Temp Difference: 100°C

Power Block
Turbine Capacity (Gross): 49.9 MW
Turbine Capacity (Net): 49.9 MW
Output Type: Steam Rankine
Power Cycle Pressure: 100.0 bar
Cooling Method: Wet cooling
Turbine Efficiency: 38.1% @ full load
Fossil Backup Type: Natural gas

Thermal Storage
Storage Type: 2-tank indirect
Thermal Storage Description: 28,500 tons of molten salt.

Sodium and Potassium Nitrate Molten Salt Thermal Storage 50,000 7:30.00 A-389 Pk 11, San José del Valle, Cádiz 11580, Spain Operational
Thumb_juelich_teaser_250 Julich Solar Tower

Technology: Power tower
Lat/Long Location: 50°54′ 54.0″ North, 6°23′ 16.0″ East
Land Area: 17 hectares
Solar Resource: 902 kWh/m2/yr
Project Type: Demonstration

Plant Configuration
Solar Field
Heliostat Solar-Field Aperture Area: 17,650 m²
# of Heliostats: 2,153
Heliostat Aperture Area: 8.2 m²
Tower Height: 60 m
Receiver Manufacturer: Kraftanlagen München
Heat-Transfer Fluid Type: Air
Receiver Outlet Temp: 680C
Power Block
Turbine Capacity (Gross): 1.673 MW
Turbine Capacity (Net): 1.5 MW
Turbine Manufacturer: Siemens
Cooling Method: Dry cooling

Heat Thermal Storage 1,500 1:30.00 Jülich, Rhineland, Germany Operational
Thumb_5b577c77f0464594b2fbdc5534eb00bb Malta Main Stage Pumped Storage Power Plant

In the 1930s, Allgemeinen Elektricitätsgesellschaft (AEG) and Alpen-Elektrowerke AG (AEW) developed projects for power plants near Malta. Plans of the Österreichische Bundesbahnen followed after 1945. In 1952, Österreichische Draukraftwerke AG (ÖDK) carried out water and energy-related tests and created a plan for the utilisation of the Malta and Gößbäche with a three-stage power plant group. A dissertation written in 1956 at the technical university in Graz by Erich Magnet with the title "Winter Storage Plant Inner Maltatal-Kolbnitz" was used by Österreichische Draukraftwerke AG and proved to be very important for the development of the project.

The water rights negotiations for the Malta upper stage and Malta main stage power plants took place in 1964. The approval of the water authorities was granted in 1965. Heavy protests, especially from the Austrian Society for Nature Conservation, followed when the project area lost its nature conservation status. The conservationists called for the erection of nuclear power stations as an alternative to storage power plants. The detailed planning commenced in 1971 following the positive construction decision.

In addition to covering demand peaks, it was required that the power plant group Malta must, at all times, be in a position to provide reserve power for a failed nuclear power plant. The earlier-than-expected issuing of the building decision and the new requirements created major challenges for the planning and construction departments. In addition, the first machine unit for the main stage was to be commissioned two years earlier than expected on 1 December 1978. The planning was carried out, inter alia, by Construction Director Kurt Baustädter, Rudolf Mußnig, Kurt Landl, Heiner Ludescher and Georg Lichtenegger from Draukraftwerke AG. External planners, such as the civil technology company Ehß, were also engaged. The architectural work was carried out by Rudolf Nitsch from Klagenfurt.

After a series of geological tests, the final location for Rottau power plant was fixed in 1973. The excavation pit reached a depth of approximately 30 metres below the valley basin and 25 metres below the groundwater level. Extensive safety measures were necessary to prevent the penetration of groundwater. The first machine unit was commissioned in Rottau power plant in late autumn 1976. The storage pumps were commissioned in summer 1978. The capacity of 730,000 kW corresponds to the capacity Zwentendorf nuclear power plant would have had.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 730,000 n/a Rottau, Carynthia , Austria Operational
Thumb_2f56bbd1e39846fa8f91913d95748906 Kaprun Upper Stage Pumped Storage Power Plant

History of the Power Plant

The initial planning for the power plant facilities in the Kaprun Valley date back to the "centralisation project" of the Allgemeine Elektricitätsgesellschaft (AEG) Berlin [General Power Company]. The planned pooling of all the water from the Hohe Tauern into the Kaprun Valley was interrupted due to the outbreak of the global economic crisis at the beginning of the 1930's. With Austria's annexation to the German Reich in the spring of 1938, the project was once again made a high priority and re-designed under the head of the newly founded Alpen Elektrowerke AG (AEW [Alpine Power Company]), Hermann Grengg. The new plans contemplated a two stage pumped storage power plant with an upper storage reservoir on the Mooserboden and Wasserfallboden storage lakes above the Limberg Alp. The construction work began with the construction of new and expansion of existing access roads to the construction sites, in particular to the Kapruner Winkel [Kaprun Corner], the building site of the Hauptstufe [main stage] power house, and to the Limberg Alp. When the war ended, the Hauptstufe power house and a makeshift dam on the Wasserfallboden were ready for operation.

Construction of the Oberstufe [upper stage] power house could not begin, however until completion of the Limberg dam, which was to connect airside to the new structure. In the final phase of the work on the barrier, more and more attention was given to the archtectonic design of the Limberg power house. To this end, an invitation to tender was held to design of the crown of dam and powerhouse with architect Harald Bauer's design being selected. For the power house however, the third-placed architect Edith Lassmann's design was selected.

The contract was awarded at the beginning of 1951 and the excavation work for the power house to be attached to the nearly completed dam began immediately thereafter. Between May and August 1951 alone, around 10,000 m³ of rock was removed from the area of the foundations for the new power house. The construction materials were transported via a tow-railway from the Bruck/Fusch station to the Kapruner Winkel and from there taken to the Limberg site with a cement cable railway.

In 1953 the construction work on the main structure was completed. Construction on the stilling basin continued until June 1954 since the final form was not set until after extensive studies and model tests had been carried out by the planning department of Tauernkraftwerke AG.

The first machine set was commissioned on 14 November 1954, the second on1 December 1955. Both of the Möll connecting bridge pumps in the pump cave next to the Drossensperre retaining wall followed on 28 May 1956.

The barracks, equipment and auxiliary cable railway set up for the construction of the dams and power house were removed after construction was completed.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 113,000 n/a Limberg, Salzburg, Austria Operational
Thumb_4ede618f3baa4f41bf26419b3ec33a1c__1_ Häusling Pumped Storage Power Plant

History of the Power Plant

The 35 metre deep shaft structure of the Häusling power house consists of a freestanding reinforced concrete cylinder with an outside diameter of 32.8 metres, which is founded entirely on rock. The building has no direct anchoring to the rock of the slope behind it. Hydraulic cushioning is built into the ground floor and the first floor on the mountain side to prevent any carryover of tension - a construction method that was developed based on experience gained in the construction of the Roßhag power house. The roof of the machine hall is connected to the slope by means of an anchor and gutter beam that can be walked on that can be used to channel water from the slope and roof to the drainage canal via a drop shaft.

The buildings are made of coated in situ concrete using prefabricated concrete elements in the area of the roof edges.
The machine hall has a concrete ribbed floor and a light coating on the inside. The floors and the lower part of the walls are equipped with a covering of red clinker panels.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 360,000 n/a Hausling, Tyrol, Austria Operational
Thumb_535e165424ce4d47a6eb00ec173e0df6 Roßhag Pumped Storage Power Plant

History of the Power Plant

Since Roßhag power plant is located in an avalanche-prone area, it was necessary for the entire construction to be carried out with appropriately solid material, whereby the construction elements are able to withstand a pressure of 20 to 50 t/m². A total of ten deep borehole explosions had to be carried out in the excavation of the construction pit. The building is in paint-ready, in-situ concrete, supplemented by prefabricated concrete units, executed and divided into three blocks of roughly equal lengths by means of expansion joints. The roof over the machinery hall comprises prefabricated, reinforced concrete components. The uphill-facing distribution lines were embedded in a solid concrete block.

Strain was nevertheless caused by the encasing in concrete of the pumps and turbine coils, as well as the firm anchoring of the building with the rock. In the surface construction, pillars were covered with concrete at intervals of some 6 m and connected via two 8 or 15 m reinforced concrete girders that lay across the operating floor. The lower girder is connected to the rock by means of high tensile bars; the upper girder serves for slope stabilisation and simultaneously forms the uphill support for the roofing slab. The flat roofs are landscaped with vegetation. The concrete surfaces have a light-coloured interior coating; the floors of the machinery hall and the upper part of the walls are clad with red clinker slabs. The closures are designed as armoured doors.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 231,000 n/a Kraftwerk Roßhag, Tyrol, Austria Operational
Thumb_dsc00963 Smart ZAE Flywheel Project

Research project of a micro-grid including 170kWp of solar panels, 15kW of wind generation and high efficiency power conversion systems connected to a DC-bus with an energy storage system (battery + flywheels). An Energy Management System drives the ESS in order to minimize energy costs for the area and use of public AC grid. Flywheels (10kW/10kWh) are developed by LEVISYS and are magnetically levitated with passive magnets.

Flywheel 100 1:00.00 25 chemin de Paleficat, Toulouse, Midi Pyrenées 31204, France Under Construction
Thumb_5b577c77f0464594b2fbdc5534eb00bb__1_ Malta Upper Stage Pumped Storage Power Plant

History of the Power Plant

The first plans for the energy-technical utilisation of the waters at the upper end of the Malta Valley, which is known for its extremely high precipitation levels, date back to the 1930s. The decision by Österreichische Draukraftwerke AG (ÖDK) to construct the three-stage Malta power plant, however, did not follow until 1957. The power plants comprise an upper stage with Kölnbrein reservoir and Galgenbichl power house, the main stage with Galgenbichl reservoir in the upper Malta valley between Gamskarnock and Lausnock, the main stage power house in Rottau near Kolbnitz in the Möll valley as well as the lower stage with a diversion channel in the Möll valley and Möllbrücke power house in the Drau valley.

Given that it had only been established for a short time, ÖDK did not, however, have the financial resources necessary to construct the Reißeck, Kreuzeck and Malta power plants at the same time. For this reason, detailed planning did not commence until 1961 following the completion of the Reißeck-Kreuzeck power plants. In 1965, the Malta-Upper Stage and Malta-Main Stage projects were approved by the water authorities.

The construction work for Galgenbichl power house followed after commencement of work on the Kölnbrein Dam and the Galgenbichl reservoir. The construction warehouse was extended in April 1974 and work on the development of the construction site commenced. Machinery and equipment from the neighbouring construction site at Galgenbichl Dam were used during the construction period.

The excavation work commenced in the east section of the power house, and due to the tight time schedule, continued through winter 1974/75. The work to stabilise the 40-metre cliff to the west of the power house to which parts of the building are attached proved to be a major challenge.
An external firm was commissioned to supply and prepare 800 tons of twisted ribbed steel so as to save time by working parallel. In spite of weather-related delays, work on the assembly of the first machine commenced on 1 September 1975 and the assembly of the second machine followed in 1976.

The power house was handed over to ÖDK on 1 September 1976. The finishing work continued until spring of the following year.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 120,000 n/a Malta Hauptstufe, Carynthia , Austria Operational
Thumb_diy_ess_kit_open_closed 5kWh LiFePO4 DIY ESS

Residential Energy Storage System
Local Storage of Solar or/and Wind
5kWh of Capacity
LiFePO4 Lithium-ion Batteries
Fully Automatic
Peak Shaving
Capacity Shifting
Forced Charge Mode to allow Charging at night rate (TOU) from the grid

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 2 2:00.00 Paris, Ile de France, France Operational
Maysville Pumped Storage

Closed-loop pumped storage using existing underground mine space, in early feasibility stage.

Closed Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,000,000 8:00.00 Mason County, Kentucky 41056, United States Announced
Prineville Pumped Storage

Pumped storage project in early feasibility stage, utilizing Prineville Reservoir as lower reservoir.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 150,000 8:12.00 Crook County, Oregon, United States Announced
Pennsylvania ATLAS (Aggregated Transactive Load Asset)

VCharge, recognizing the energy storage potential of ETS, developed electronic controls for these heating systems that allow individual heaters or electric boilers to be switched on or off rapidly (within seconds) of the receipt of a control signal by VCharge’s Network Operations Center from the area’s grid operator, PJM Interconnect. The innovation started in the tidy development of Stones Throw in East Stroudsburg, where developers had installed identical ETS units in the 1980′s and ’90s, making it a perfect place to pilot VCharge’s technology. Now, over 40 Stones Throw homeowners, and nearly another 100 in the surrounding area, have installed free controls on their ETS heaters to participate in this radical experiment in grid storage and energy management–and to get a 25% discount on their home heating bills.

By itself, any individual heating system is relatively unremarkable. But together, the 134 homes in VCharge’s Aggregated Transactive Load Asset (ATLAS) create a huge resource for grid balancing–specifically providing ancillary services like fast frequency response through the markets run by PJM. This reservoir of capacity, both to cut load on the system (effectively generating negawatts) and to absorb rapid influxes of energy (for example from a sudden surge from a solar or wind farm) means that grid operators have a powerful new tool in their belts to deal with the coming demands of a shifting energy mix.

Heat Thermal Storage 2,010 5:00.00 East Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania, United States Operational
Thumb_maine-wind-banner VCharge Maine ATLAS (Aggregated Transactive Load Asset)

Distributed/Aggregated transactive load asset comprised on electric thermal storage heating in Maine residences

Heat Thermal Storage 300 5:00.00 Portland, Maine, United States Operational
Thumb_img_0355 Wright-Hennepin Solar Community

36.8 kW/94.4 kWh hour Silent Power storage DC coupled with 31 kW community solar array.

Sealed Lead Acid Battery 37 2:00.00 Rockford, Minnesota 56425, United States Operational
Thumb_img_0322 Austin Utilities Energy Storage Pilot

Four 9.2 kW/23.6 kWh Silent Power storage units installed in municipal buildings for peak demand management.

Sealed Lead Acid Battery 37 2:00.00 400 Fourth Street NE, Austin, Minnesota 55912, United States Operational
Thumb_shakopee Shakopee Public Utilities- Environmental Learning Center

9.2 kW/23.6 kWh Silent Power storage unit co-located with solar array at high school environmental learning center.

Sealed Lead Acid Battery 9 2:00.00 Shakopee, Minnesota 55379, United States Operational
NRStor Minto Flywheel Energy Storage Project

NRStor was selected by Ontario's Independent Electricity System Operator (IESO) through a selective RFP process to deliver 2MW of frequency regulation services to the Ontario electricity grid. Temporal Power Ltd. is the flywheel manufacturer and will be supplying the 10-flywheel 2MW facility.

http://www.temporalpower.com

Flywheel 2,000 0:15.00 25 Hutchison St., Harriston, Town of Minto, Ontario N0G1Z0, Canada Contracted
Thumb_gaes Kubanskaya PSP

This is an open loop pumped hydro power station used by Rushydro for electricity time shift and increasing electric supply capacity.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 15,900 n/a Stavropol Krai, Prikubansky , Russia Operational
Zelenchukskaya HPP-PSP

N/A

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 140,000 n/a  Karachaevo-Cherkessia, Prikubansky Region, Russia Under Construction
Thumb_photo_anda_sol Andasol 3 CSP Solar Power Plant

Technology: Parabolic trough
Land Area: 200 hectares
Solar Resource: 2,200 kWh/m2/yr

Cost (approx): 315,000,000 Euros
PPA/Tariff Date: January 1, 2010

Plant Configuration
Solar Field
Solar-Field Aperture Area: 510,120 m²
# of Solar Collector Assemblies (SCAs): 624
# of Loops: 156
# of SCAs per Loop: 4
SCA Aperture Area: 817 m²
SCA Length: 150 m
# of Modules per SCA: 12
SCA Manufacturer (Model): Flagsol (SKAL-ET 150)
Mirror Manufacturer: Rioglass
Heat-Transfer Fluid Type: Thermal Oil
Solar-Field Inlet Temp: 293°C
Solar-Field Outlet Temp: 393°C
Solar-Field Temp Difference: 100°C
Power Block
Turbine Capacity (Gross): 50.0 MW
Turbine Capacity (Net): 50.0 MW
Output Type: Steam Rankine
Power Cycle Pressure: 100.0 bar
Cooling Method: Wet cooling

Thermal Storage
Storage Type: 2-tank indirect

Please note: Actual energy storage is restricted due to turbine capacity. The thermal capacity can be discharged at 84.6 MW for 12 hours.

Sodium and Potassium Nitrate Molten Salt Thermal Storage 49,900 7:30.00 Aldeire, Granada, Spain Operational
iZEUS – intelligent Zero Emission Urban System

The iZEUS project is a consumer-oriented integration of electric energy networks and transportation project, which is funded by the German Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology. In collaboration with EnBW Energie Baden-Württemberg AG (consortium leader), partners include Adam Opel AG, ads-tec GmbH, Daimler AG, Fraunhofer Gesellschaft, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology - KIT, PTV Group, SAP AG and TWT GmbH Science and Innovation, BridgingIT GmbH, and Toyota Motor Europe.

Lithium Ion Battery 150 1:00.00 Esslingen, Esslingen, Germany Operational
Nevada Energy Battery Storage Project (Villa Trieste)

One 4.6 kW/11.5 kWh Silent Power storage unit was installed in a residential community for community demand shifting, demand response, RE firming, and house demand limitation.

Lithium Ion Battery 5 2:00.00 6226 W Sahara Ave, Las Vegas, Nevada 89146, United States Operational
Powerco's Redflow Battery Demonstration

Demonstration of a RedFlow demonstration Zinc Bromine battery system, currently being used in New Zealand.

Zinc Bromine Redox Flow Battery 3 2:40.00 New Plymouth, Taranaki, New Zealand Operational
Powerco's Lead Acid Battery System (Hunterville)

Utilizing RedFlow's first generation technology for lead acid energy storage systems. Redflow now uses Zinc Bromine Redox Flow battery technology.

Lead Acid Battery 5 5:00.00 Hunterville, Rangitikei , New Zealand Operational
Thumb_dpp_130_doe_db Samyoung Vanadium Redox Flow Battery Project

Vanadium Redox Flow Battery (50kW/100kWh) ESS for peak shaving, installed by H2, inc.

Vanadium Redox Flow Battery 50 2:00.00 Gongju, Chungnam, Korea, South Operational
Thumb_foto__10___1_ Quick Charging EV's Powered by the Sun (Breukelen)

The market for electric vehicles (EV) is preparing for rapid growth in the coming years. All major car manufacturers have announced to launch an electric vehicle. The Dutch market is expected to expand to 15,000-20,000 EVs in 2013, and 1,000,000 EVs in 2025. The ambition of the Dutch government is to have 200,000 electric vehicles on the road by 2020, and a continued growth to a mature market of 1 million vehicles by 2025. For scaling up the number of electric vehicles, a charging infrastructure with 500 fast charging points is essential.

However, anxiety regarding range and finding charging stations can be a major concern for EV drivers; this range anxiety can be alleviated with the availability of fast charging stations at central locations, where a car gets fully charged within 30 minutes. The availability of fast charging stations plays a major role in the acceptance by a broad group of consumers.

An important technical challenge related to electric vehicles is the effect of charging on the classic energy grid. Moreover, the classic energy grid is not suited for fast charging of EVs, as this is accompanied by very high peaks in energy demand. Innovative solutions should be developed to overcome this problem.

MisterGreen aims at developing an important next step for electric transportation: sustainable fast charging stations next to Dutch highway gas stations, where electric cars get fully charged in 30 minutes using solar energy. MisterGreen aims at developing a smart-grid solution – the energy needed for fast-charging is available via energy storage buffer batteries. There will be no peak energy demands on the classic energy grid as these batteries serve as energy buffer. The storage buffer batteries are charged using solar panels. A lack of available solar power can be supplemented by power from the grid.

Mistergreen will realize and manage a nationwide network of fast charging stations at the best locations in the Netherlands. Concessions for twenty highway locations throughout the Netherlands have been obtained until 2027. The fast charging stations will be realized next to gas stations along the highway in the Netherlands.

Intergrated solar panels for onsite electricity generation will charge the batteries of the charging station. Both the battery storage and grid power provide for fast charging the EV. The battery storage pack will serve as a load-balancing power source and has smart grid functionalities.

At these highway fast charging stations, drivers can fill up their car with sustainable solar energy in less than 30 minutes.

Haarrijn, the largest petrol station in Europe located centrally in the Netherlands will be the first demonstration/pilot location of the EV fast charging station.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 50 2:00.00 Rijksweg A2 bij Breukelen, Breukelen, Utrecht, Netherlands Under Construction
Thumb_capture Quick Charging EV's Powered by the Sun (Woerden A12)

The market for electric vehicles (EV) is preparing for rapid growth in the coming years. All major car manufacturers have announced to launch an electric vehicle. The Dutch market is expected to expand to 15,000-20,000 EVs in 2013, and 1,000,000 EVs in 2025. The ambition of the Dutch government is to have 200,000 electric vehicles on the road by 2020, and a continued growth to a mature market of 1 million vehicles by 2025. For scaling up the number of electric vehicles, a charging infrastructure with 500 fast charging points is essential.

However, anxiety regarding range and finding charging stations can be a major concern for EV drivers; this range anxiety can be alleviated with the availability of fast charging stations at central locations, where a car gets fully charged within 30 minutes. The availability of fast charging stations plays a major role in the acceptance by a broad group of consumers.

An important technical challenge related to electric vehicles is the effect of charging on the classic energy grid. Moreover, the classic energy grid is not suited for fast charging of EVs, as this is accompanied by very high peaks in energy demand. Innovative solutions should be developed to overcome this problem.

MisterGreen aims at developing an important next step for electric transportation: sustainable fast charging stations next to Dutch highway gas stations, where electric cars get fully charged in 30 minutes using solar energy. MisterGreen aims at developing a smart-grid solution – the energy needed for fast-charging is available via energy storage buffer batteries. There will be no peak energy demands on the classic energy grid as these batteries serve as energy buffer. The storage buffer batteries are charged using solar panels. A lack of available solar power can be supplemented by power from the grid.

Mistergreen will realize and manage a nationwide network of fast charging stations at the best locations in the Netherlands. Concessions for twenty highway locations throughout the Netherlands have been obtained until 2027. The fast charging stations will be realized next to gas stations along the highway in the Netherlands.

Intergrated solar panels for onsite electricity generation will charge the batteries of the charging station. Both the battery storage and grid power provide for fast charging the EV. The battery storage pack will serve as a load-balancing power source and has smart grid functionalities.

At these highway fast charging stations, drivers can fill up their car with sustainable solar energy in less than 30 minutes.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 50 2:00.00 Woerden, Woerden, Netherlands Under Construction
Thumb_capture Quick Charging EV's Powered by the Sun (Bunnik A12)

The market for electric vehicles (EV) is preparing for rapid growth in the coming years. All major car manufacturers have announced to launch an electric vehicle. The Dutch market is expected to expand to 15,000-20,000 EVs in 2013, and 1,000,000 EVs in 2025. The ambition of the Dutch government is to have 200,000 electric vehicles on the road by 2020, and a continued growth to a mature market of 1 million vehicles by 2025. For scaling up the number of electric vehicles, a charging infrastructure with 500 fast charging points is essential.

However, anxiety regarding range and finding charging stations can be a major concern for EV drivers; this range anxiety can be alleviated with the availability of fast charging stations at central locations, where a car gets fully charged within 30 minutes. The availability of fast charging stations plays a major role in the acceptance by a broad group of consumers.

An important technical challenge related to electric vehicles is the effect of charging on the classic energy grid. Moreover, the classic energy grid is not suited for fast charging of EVs, as this is accompanied by very high peaks in energy demand. Innovative solutions should be developed to overcome this problem.

MisterGreen aims at developing an important next step for electric transportation: sustainable fast charging stations next to Dutch highway gas stations, where electric cars get fully charged in 30 minutes using solar energy. MisterGreen aims at developing a smart-grid solution – the energy needed for fast-charging is available via energy storage buffer batteries. There will be no peak energy demands on the classic energy grid as these batteries serve as energy buffer. The storage buffer batteries are charged using solar panels. A lack of available solar power can be supplemented by power from the grid.

Mistergreen will realize and manage a nationwide network of fast charging stations at the best locations in the Netherlands. Concessions for twenty highway locations throughout the Netherlands have been obtained until 2027. The fast charging stations will be realized next to gas stations along the highway in the Netherlands.

Intergrated solar panels for onsite electricity generation will charge the batteries of the charging station. Both the battery storage and grid power provide for fast charging the EV. The battery storage pack will serve as a load-balancing power source and has smart grid functionalities.

At these highway fast charging stations, drivers can fill up their car with sustainable solar energy in less than 30 minutes.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 50 2:00.00 Bunnik, Bunnik, Netherlands Under Construction
Thumb_capture Quick Charging EV's Powered by the Sun (Delft A13)

The market for electric vehicles (EV) is preparing for rapid growth in the coming years. All major car manufacturers have announced to launch an electric vehicle. The Dutch market is expected to expand to 15,000-20,000 EVs in 2013, and 1,000,000 EVs in 2025. The ambition of the Dutch government is to have 200,000 electric vehicles on the road by 2020, and a continued growth to a mature market of 1 million vehicles by 2025. For scaling up the number of electric vehicles, a charging infrastructure with 500 fast charging points is essential.

However, anxiety regarding range and finding charging stations can be a major concern for EV drivers; this range anxiety can be alleviated with the availability of fast charging stations at central locations, where a car gets fully charged within 30 minutes. The availability of fast charging stations plays a major role in the acceptance by a broad group of consumers.

An important technical challenge related to electric vehicles is the effect of charging on the classic energy grid. Moreover, the classic energy grid is not suited for fast charging of EVs, as this is accompanied by very high peaks in energy demand. Innovative solutions should be developed to overcome this problem.

MisterGreen aims at developing an important next step for electric transportation: sustainable fast charging stations next to Dutch highway gas stations, where electric cars get fully charged in 30 minutes using solar energy. MisterGreen aims at developing a smart-grid solution – the energy needed for fast-charging is available via energy storage buffer batteries. There will be no peak energy demands on the classic energy grid as these batteries serve as energy buffer. The storage buffer batteries are charged using solar panels. A lack of available solar power can be supplemented by power from the grid.

Mistergreen will realize and manage a nationwide network of fast charging stations at the best locations in the Netherlands. Concessions for twenty highway locations throughout the Netherlands have been obtained until 2027. The fast charging stations will be realized next to gas stations along the highway in the Netherlands.

Intergrated solar panels for onsite electricity generation will charge the batteries of the charging station. Both the battery storage and grid power provide for fast charging the EV. The battery storage pack will serve as a load-balancing power source and has smart grid functionalities.

At these highway fast charging stations, drivers can fill up their car with sustainable solar energy in less than 30 minutes.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 50 2:00.00 Delft, Delft, Netherlands Under Construction
Thumb_capture Quick Charging EV's Powered by the Sun (Beesd A2)

The market for electric vehicles (EV) is preparing for rapid growth in the coming years. All major car manufacturers have announced to launch an electric vehicle. The Dutch market is expected to expand to 15,000-20,000 EVs in 2013, and 1,000,000 EVs in 2025. The ambition of the Dutch government is to have 200,000 electric vehicles on the road by 2020, and a continued growth to a mature market of 1 million vehicles by 2025. For scaling up the number of electric vehicles, a charging infrastructure with 500 fast charging points is essential.

However, anxiety regarding range and finding charging stations can be a major concern for EV drivers; this range anxiety can be alleviated with the availability of fast charging stations at central locations, where a car gets fully charged within 30 minutes. The availability of fast charging stations plays a major role in the acceptance by a broad group of consumers.

An important technical challenge related to electric vehicles is the effect of charging on the classic energy grid. Moreover, the classic energy grid is not suited for fast charging of EVs, as this is accompanied by very high peaks in energy demand. Innovative solutions should be developed to overcome this problem.

MisterGreen aims at developing an important next step for electric transportation: sustainable fast charging stations next to Dutch highway gas stations, where electric cars get fully charged in 30 minutes using solar energy. MisterGreen aims at developing a smart-grid solution – the energy needed for fast-charging is available via energy storage buffer batteries. There will be no peak energy demands on the classic energy grid as these batteries serve as energy buffer. The storage buffer batteries are charged using solar panels. A lack of available solar power can be supplemented by power from the grid.

Mistergreen will realize and manage a nationwide network of fast charging stations at the best locations in the Netherlands. Concessions for twenty highway locations throughout the Netherlands have been obtained until 2027. The fast charging stations will be realized next to gas stations along the highway in the Netherlands.

Intergrated solar panels for onsite electricity generation will charge the batteries of the charging station. Both the battery storage and grid power provide for fast charging the EV. The battery storage pack will serve as a load-balancing power source and has smart grid functionalities.

At these highway fast charging stations, drivers can fill up their car with sustainable solar energy in less than 30 minutes.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 50 2:00.00 Beesd, Beesd, Netherlands Under Construction
Thumb_capture Quick Charging EV's Powered by the Sun (Ridderkerk A15)

The market for electric vehicles (EV) is preparing for rapid growth in the coming years. All major car manufacturers have announced to launch an electric vehicle. The Dutch market is expected to expand to 15,000-20,000 EVs in 2013, and 1,000,000 EVs in 2025. The ambition of the Dutch government is to have 200,000 electric vehicles on the road by 2020, and a continued growth to a mature market of 1 million vehicles by 2025. For scaling up the number of electric vehicles, a charging infrastructure with 500 fast charging points is essential.

However, anxiety regarding range and finding charging stations can be a major concern for EV drivers; this range anxiety can be alleviated with the availability of fast charging stations at central locations, where a car gets fully charged within 30 minutes. The availability of fast charging stations plays a major role in the acceptance by a broad group of consumers.

An important technical challenge related to electric vehicles is the effect of charging on the classic energy grid. Moreover, the classic energy grid is not suited for fast charging of EVs, as this is accompanied by very high peaks in energy demand. Innovative solutions should be developed to overcome this problem.

MisterGreen aims at developing an important next step for electric transportation: sustainable fast charging stations next to Dutch highway gas stations, where electric cars get fully charged in 30 minutes using solar energy. MisterGreen aims at developing a smart-grid solution – the energy needed for fast-charging is available via energy storage buffer batteries. There will be no peak energy demands on the classic energy grid as these batteries serve as energy buffer. The storage buffer batteries are charged using solar panels. A lack of available solar power can be supplemented by power from the grid.

Mistergreen will realize and manage a nationwide network of fast charging stations at the best locations in the Netherlands. Concessions for twenty highway locations throughout the Netherlands have been obtained until 2027. The fast charging stations will be realized next to gas stations along the highway in the Netherlands.

Intergrated solar panels for onsite electricity generation will charge the batteries of the charging station. Both the battery storage and grid power provide for fast charging the EV. The battery storage pack will serve as a load-balancing power source and has smart grid functionalities.

At these highway fast charging stations, drivers can fill up their car with sustainable solar energy in less than 30 minutes.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 50 2:00.00 Ridderkerk, Ridderkerk, Netherlands Under Construction
Thumb_capture Quick Charging EV's Powered by the Sun (Geldermalsen A2)

The market for electric vehicles (EV) is preparing for rapid growth in the coming years. All major car manufacturers have announced to launch an electric vehicle. The Dutch market is expected to expand to 15,000-20,000 EVs in 2013, and 1,000,000 EVs in 2025. The ambition of the Dutch government is to have 200,000 electric vehicles on the road by 2020, and a continued growth to a mature market of 1 million vehicles by 2025. For scaling up the number of electric vehicles, a charging infrastructure with 500 fast charging points is essential.

However, anxiety regarding range and finding charging stations can be a major concern for EV drivers; this range anxiety can be alleviated with the availability of fast charging stations at central locations, where a car gets fully charged within 30 minutes. The availability of fast charging stations plays a major role in the acceptance by a broad group of consumers.

An important technical challenge related to electric vehicles is the effect of charging on the classic energy grid. Moreover, the classic energy grid is not suited for fast charging of EVs, as this is accompanied by very high peaks in energy demand. Innovative solutions should be developed to overcome this problem.

MisterGreen aims at developing an important next step for electric transportation: sustainable fast charging stations next to Dutch highway gas stations, where electric cars get fully charged in 30 minutes using solar energy. MisterGreen aims at developing a smart-grid solution – the energy needed for fast-charging is available via energy storage buffer batteries. There will be no peak energy demands on the classic energy grid as these batteries serve as energy buffer. The storage buffer batteries are charged using solar panels. A lack of available solar power can be supplemented by power from the grid.

Mistergreen will realize and manage a nationwide network of fast charging stations at the best locations in the Netherlands. Concessions for twenty highway locations throughout the Netherlands have been obtained until 2027. The fast charging stations will be realized next to gas stations along the highway in the Netherlands.

Intergrated solar panels for onsite electricity generation will charge the batteries of the charging station. Both the battery storage and grid power provide for fast charging the EV. The battery storage pack will serve as a load-balancing power source and has smart grid functionalities.

At these highway fast charging stations, drivers can fill up their car with sustainable solar energy in less than 30 minutes.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 50 2:00.00 Geldermalsen, Geldermalsen, Netherlands Under Construction
Thumb_capture Quick Charging EV's Powered by the Sun (Zaandam A8)

The market for electric vehicles (EV) is preparing for rapid growth in the coming years. All major car manufacturers have announced to launch an electric vehicle. The Dutch market is expected to expand to 15,000-20,000 EVs in 2013, and 1,000,000 EVs in 2025. The ambition of the Dutch government is to have 200,000 electric vehicles on the road by 2020, and a continued growth to a mature market of 1 million vehicles by 2025. For scaling up the number of electric vehicles, a charging infrastructure with 500 fast charging points is essential.

However, anxiety regarding range and finding charging stations can be a major concern for EV drivers; this range anxiety can be alleviated with the availability of fast charging stations at central locations, where a car gets fully charged within 30 minutes. The availability of fast charging stations plays a major role in the acceptance by a broad group of consumers.

An important technical challenge related to electric vehicles is the effect of charging on the classic energy grid. Moreover, the classic energy grid is not suited for fast charging of EVs, as this is accompanied by very high peaks in energy demand. Innovative solutions should be developed to overcome this problem.

MisterGreen aims at developing an important next step for electric transportation: sustainable fast charging stations next to Dutch highway gas stations, where electric cars get fully charged in 30 minutes using solar energy. MisterGreen aims at developing a smart-grid solution – the energy needed for fast-charging is available via energy storage buffer batteries. There will be no peak energy demands on the classic energy grid as these batteries serve as energy buffer. The storage buffer batteries are charged using solar panels. A lack of available solar power can be supplemented by power from the grid.

Mistergreen will realize and manage a nationwide network of fast charging stations at the best locations in the Netherlands. Concessions for twenty highway locations throughout the Netherlands have been obtained until 2027. The fast charging stations will be realized next to gas stations along the highway in the Netherlands.

Intergrated solar panels for onsite electricity generation will charge the batteries of the charging station. Both the battery storage and grid power provide for fast charging the EV. The battery storage pack will serve as a load-balancing power source and has smart grid functionalities.

At these highway fast charging stations, drivers can fill up their car with sustainable solar energy in less than 30 minutes.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 50 2:00.00 Zaandam, Zaandam, Netherlands Under Construction
Thumb_capture Quick Charging EV's Powered by the Sun (Heemskerk A9)

The market for electric vehicles (EV) is preparing for rapid growth in the coming years. All major car manufacturers have announced to launch an electric vehicle. The Dutch market is expected to expand to 15,000-20,000 EVs in 2013, and 1,000,000 EVs in 2025. The ambition of the Dutch government is to have 200,000 electric vehicles on the road by 2020, and a continued growth to a mature market of 1 million vehicles by 2025. For scaling up the number of electric vehicles, a charging infrastructure with 500 fast charging points is essential.

However, anxiety regarding range and finding charging stations can be a major concern for EV drivers; this range anxiety can be alleviated with the availability of fast charging stations at central locations, where a car gets fully charged within 30 minutes. The availability of fast charging stations plays a major role in the acceptance by a broad group of consumers.

An important technical challenge related to electric vehicles is the effect of charging on the classic energy grid. Moreover, the classic energy grid is not suited for fast charging of EVs, as this is accompanied by very high peaks in energy demand. Innovative solutions should be developed to overcome this problem.

MisterGreen aims at developing an important next step for electric transportation: sustainable fast charging stations next to Dutch highway gas stations, where electric cars get fully charged in 30 minutes using solar energy. MisterGreen aims at developing a smart-grid solution – the energy needed for fast-charging is available via energy storage buffer batteries. There will be no peak energy demands on the classic energy grid as these batteries serve as energy buffer. The storage buffer batteries are charged using solar panels. A lack of available solar power can be supplemented by power from the grid.

Mistergreen will realize and manage a nationwide network of fast charging stations at the best locations in the Netherlands. Concessions for twenty highway locations throughout the Netherlands have been obtained until 2027. The fast charging stations will be realized next to gas stations along the highway in the Netherlands.

Intergrated solar panels for onsite electricity generation will charge the batteries of the charging station. Both the battery storage and grid power provide for fast charging the EV. The battery storage pack will serve as a load-balancing power source and has smart grid functionalities.

At these highway fast charging stations, drivers can fill up their car with sustainable solar energy in less than 30 minutes.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 50 2:00.00 Heemskerk, Heemskerk, Netherlands Under Construction
Thumb_capture Quick Charging EV's Powered by the Sun (Hoogblokland A27)

The market for electric vehicles (EV) is preparing for rapid growth in the coming years. All major car manufacturers have announced to launch an electric vehicle. The Dutch market is expected to expand to 15,000-20,000 EVs in 2013, and 1,000,000 EVs in 2025. The ambition of the Dutch government is to have 200,000 electric vehicles on the road by 2020, and a continued growth to a mature market of 1 million vehicles by 2025. For scaling up the number of electric vehicles, a charging infrastructure with 500 fast charging points is essential.

However, anxiety regarding range and finding charging stations can be a major concern for EV drivers; this range anxiety can be alleviated with the availability of fast charging stations at central locations, where a car gets fully charged within 30 minutes. The availability of fast charging stations plays a major role in the acceptance by a broad group of consumers.

An important technical challenge related to electric vehicles is the effect of charging on the classic energy grid. Moreover, the classic energy grid is not suited for fast charging of EVs, as this is accompanied by very high peaks in energy demand. Innovative solutions should be developed to overcome this problem.

MisterGreen aims at developing an important next step for electric transportation: sustainable fast charging stations next to Dutch highway gas stations, where electric cars get fully charged in 30 minutes using solar energy. MisterGreen aims at developing a smart-grid solution – the energy needed for fast-charging is available via energy storage buffer batteries. There will be no peak energy demands on the classic energy grid as these batteries serve as energy buffer. The storage buffer batteries are charged using solar panels. A lack of available solar power can be supplemented by power from the grid.

Mistergreen will realize and manage a nationwide network of fast charging stations at the best locations in the Netherlands. Concessions for twenty highway locations throughout the Netherlands have been obtained until 2027. The fast charging stations will be realized next to gas stations along the highway in the Netherlands.

Intergrated solar panels for onsite electricity generation will charge the batteries of the charging station. Both the battery storage and grid power provide for fast charging the EV. The battery storage pack will serve as a load-balancing power source and has smart grid functionalities.

At these highway fast charging stations, drivers can fill up their car with sustainable solar energy in less than 30 minutes.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 50 2:00.00 Hoogblokland , Hoogblokland , Netherlands Under Construction
Thumb_capture Quick Charging EV's Powered by the Sun (Leiden A4)

The market for electric vehicles (EV) is preparing for rapid growth in the coming years. All major car manufacturers have announced to launch an electric vehicle. The Dutch market is expected to expand to 15,000-20,000 EVs in 2013, and 1,000,000 EVs in 2025. The ambition of the Dutch government is to have 200,000 electric vehicles on the road by 2020, and a continued growth to a mature market of 1 million vehicles by 2025. For scaling up the number of electric vehicles, a charging infrastructure with 500 fast charging points is essential.

However, anxiety regarding range and finding charging stations can be a major concern for EV drivers; this range anxiety can be alleviated with the availability of fast charging stations at central locations, where a car gets fully charged within 30 minutes. The availability of fast charging stations plays a major role in the acceptance by a broad group of consumers.

An important technical challenge related to electric vehicles is the effect of charging on the classic energy grid. Moreover, the classic energy grid is not suited for fast charging of EVs, as this is accompanied by very high peaks in energy demand. Innovative solutions should be developed to overcome this problem.

MisterGreen aims at developing an important next step for electric transportation: sustainable fast charging stations next to Dutch highway gas stations, where electric cars get fully charged in 30 minutes using solar energy. MisterGreen aims at developing a smart-grid solution – the energy needed for fast-charging is available via energy storage buffer batteries. There will be no peak energy demands on the classic energy grid as these batteries serve as energy buffer. The storage buffer batteries are charged using solar panels. A lack of available solar power can be supplemented by power from the grid.

Mistergreen will realize and manage a nationwide network of fast charging stations at the best locations in the Netherlands. Concessions for twenty highway locations throughout the Netherlands have been obtained until 2027. The fast charging stations will be realized next to gas stations along the highway in the Netherlands.

Intergrated solar panels for onsite electricity generation will charge the batteries of the charging station. Both the battery storage and grid power provide for fast charging the EV. The battery storage pack will serve as a load-balancing power source and has smart grid functionalities.

At these highway fast charging stations, drivers can fill up their car with sustainable solar energy in less than 30 minutes.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 50 2:00.00 Leiden, Leiden, Netherlands Under Construction
Thumb_capture Quick Charging EV's Powered by the Sun (Afsluitdijk A7)

The market for electric vehicles (EV) is preparing for rapid growth in the coming years. All major car manufacturers have announced to launch an electric vehicle. The Dutch market is expected to expand to 15,000-20,000 EVs in 2013, and 1,000,000 EVs in 2025. The ambition of the Dutch government is to have 200,000 electric vehicles on the road by 2020, and a continued growth to a mature market of 1 million vehicles by 2025. For scaling up the number of electric vehicles, a charging infrastructure with 500 fast charging points is essential.

However, anxiety regarding range and finding charging stations can be a major concern for EV drivers; this range anxiety can be alleviated with the availability of fast charging stations at central locations, where a car gets fully charged within 30 minutes. The availability of fast charging stations plays a major role in the acceptance by a broad group of consumers.

An important technical challenge related to electric vehicles is the effect of charging on the classic energy grid. Moreover, the classic energy grid is not suited for fast charging of EVs, as this is accompanied by very high peaks in energy demand. Innovative solutions should be developed to overcome this problem.

MisterGreen aims at developing an important next step for electric transportation: sustainable fast charging stations next to Dutch highway gas stations, where electric cars get fully charged in 30 minutes using solar energy. MisterGreen aims at developing a smart-grid solution – the energy needed for fast-charging is available via energy storage buffer batteries. There will be no peak energy demands on the classic energy grid as these batteries serve as energy buffer. The storage buffer batteries are charged using solar panels. A lack of available solar power can be supplemented by power from the grid.

Mistergreen will realize and manage a nationwide network of fast charging stations at the best locations in the Netherlands. Concessions for twenty highway locations throughout the Netherlands have been obtained until 2027. The fast charging stations will be realized next to gas stations along the highway in the Netherlands.

Intergrated solar panels for onsite electricity generation will charge the batteries of the charging station. Both the battery storage and grid power provide for fast charging the EV. The battery storage pack will serve as a load-balancing power source and has smart grid functionalities.

At these highway fast charging stations, drivers can fill up their car with sustainable solar energy in less than 30 minutes.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 50 2:00.00 Afsluitdijk, Gelderland, Netherlands Under Construction
Thumb_capture Quick Charging EV's Powered by the Sun (Ketelbrug A6)

The market for electric vehicles (EV) is preparing for rapid growth in the coming years. All major car manufacturers have announced to launch an electric vehicle. The Dutch market is expected to expand to 15,000-20,000 EVs in 2013, and 1,000,000 EVs in 2025. The ambition of the Dutch government is to have 200,000 electric vehicles on the road by 2020, and a continued growth to a mature market of 1 million vehicles by 2025. For scaling up the number of electric vehicles, a charging infrastructure with 500 fast charging points is essential.

However, anxiety regarding range and finding charging stations can be a major concern for EV drivers; this range anxiety can be alleviated with the availability of fast charging stations at central locations, where a car gets fully charged within 30 minutes. The availability of fast charging stations plays a major role in the acceptance by a broad group of consumers.

An important technical challenge related to electric vehicles is the effect of charging on the classic energy grid. Moreover, the classic energy grid is not suited for fast charging of EVs, as this is accompanied by very high peaks in energy demand. Innovative solutions should be developed to overcome this problem.

MisterGreen aims at developing an important next step for electric transportation: sustainable fast charging stations next to Dutch highway gas stations, where electric cars get fully charged in 30 minutes using solar energy. MisterGreen aims at developing a smart-grid solution – the energy needed for fast-charging is available via energy storage buffer batteries. There will be no peak energy demands on the classic energy grid as these batteries serve as energy buffer. The storage buffer batteries are charged using solar panels. A lack of available solar power can be supplemented by power from the grid.

Mistergreen will realize and manage a nationwide network of fast charging stations at the best locations in the Netherlands. Concessions for twenty highway locations throughout the Netherlands have been obtained until 2027. The fast charging stations will be realized next to gas stations along the highway in the Netherlands.

Intergrated solar panels for onsite electricity generation will charge the batteries of the charging station. Both the battery storage and grid power provide for fast charging the EV. The battery storage pack will serve as a load-balancing power source and has smart grid functionalities.

At these highway fast charging stations, drivers can fill up their car with sustainable solar energy in less than 30 minutes.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 50 2:00.00 Ketelbrug A6, Emmeloord, Land, Netherlands Under Construction
Quick Charging EV's Powered by the Sun (Amstelveel A9)

The market for electric vehicles (EV) is preparing for rapid growth in the coming years. All major car manufacturers have announced to launch an electric vehicle. The Dutch market is expected to expand to 15,000-20,000 EVs in 2013, and 1,000,000 EVs in 2025. The ambition of the Dutch government is to have 200,000 electric vehicles on the road by 2020, and a continued growth to a mature market of 1 million vehicles by 2025. For scaling up the number of electric vehicles, a charging infrastructure with 500 fast charging points is essential.

However, anxiety regarding range and finding charging stations can be a major concern for EV drivers; this range anxiety can be alleviated with the availability of fast charging stations at central locations, where a car gets fully charged within 30 minutes. The availability of fast charging stations plays a major role in the acceptance by a broad group of consumers.

An important technical challenge related to electric vehicles is the effect of charging on the classic energy grid. Moreover, the classic energy grid is not suited for fast charging of EVs, as this is accompanied by very high peaks in energy demand. Innovative solutions should be developed to overcome this problem.

MisterGreen aims at developing an important next step for electric transportation: sustainable fast charging stations next to Dutch highway gas stations, where electric cars get fully charged in 30 minutes using solar energy. MisterGreen aims at developing a smart-grid solution – the energy needed for fast-charging is available via energy storage buffer batteries. There will be no peak energy demands on the classic energy grid as these batteries serve as energy buffer. The storage buffer batteries are charged using solar panels. A lack of available solar power can be supplemented by power from the grid.

Mistergreen will realize and manage a nationwide network of fast charging stations at the best locations in the Netherlands. Concessions for twenty highway locations throughout the Netherlands have been obtained until 2027. The fast charging stations will be realized next to gas stations along the highway in the Netherlands.

Intergrated solar panels for onsite electricity generation will charge the batteries of the charging station. Both the battery storage and grid power provide for fast charging the EV. The battery storage pack will serve as a load-balancing power source and has smart grid functionalities.

At these highway fast charging stations, drivers can fill up their car with sustainable solar energy in less than 30 minutes.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 50 2:00.00 Amstelveel, Amstelveel, Netherlands Under Construction
Quick Charging EV's Powered by the Sun (Bodegraven A12)

The market for electric vehicles (EV) is preparing for rapid growth in the coming years. All major car manufacturers have announced to launch an electric vehicle. The Dutch market is expected to expand to 15,000-20,000 EVs in 2013, and 1,000,000 EVs in 2025. The ambition of the Dutch government is to have 200,000 electric vehicles on the road by 2020, and a continued growth to a mature market of 1 million vehicles by 2025. For scaling up the number of electric vehicles, a charging infrastructure with 500 fast charging points is essential.

However, anxiety regarding range and finding charging stations can be a major concern for EV drivers; this range anxiety can be alleviated with the availability of fast charging stations at central locations, where a car gets fully charged within 30 minutes. The availability of fast charging stations plays a major role in the acceptance by a broad group of consumers.

An important technical challenge related to electric vehicles is the effect of charging on the classic energy grid. Moreover, the classic energy grid is not suited for fast charging of EVs, as this is accompanied by very high peaks in energy demand. Innovative solutions should be developed to overcome this problem.

MisterGreen aims at developing an important next step for electric transportation: sustainable fast charging stations next to Dutch highway gas stations, where electric cars get fully charged in 30 minutes using solar energy. MisterGreen aims at developing a smart-grid solution – the energy needed for fast-charging is available via energy storage buffer batteries. There will be no peak energy demands on the classic energy grid as these batteries serve as energy buffer. The storage buffer batteries are charged using solar panels. A lack of available solar power can be supplemented by power from the grid.

Mistergreen will realize and manage a nationwide network of fast charging stations at the best locations in the Netherlands. Concessions for twenty highway locations throughout the Netherlands have been obtained until 2027. The fast charging stations will be realized next to gas stations along the highway in the Netherlands.

Intergrated solar panels for onsite electricity generation will charge the batteries of the charging station. Both the battery storage and grid power provide for fast charging the EV. The battery storage pack will serve as a load-balancing power source and has smart grid functionalities.

At these highway fast charging stations, drivers can fill up their car with sustainable solar energy in less than 30 minutes.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 50 2:00.00 Bodegraven, Bodegraven, Netherlands Under Construction
Minera El Tesoro CSP Installation

"The first concentrating solar power (CSP) project ever in South America is installed in the Atacama Desert in Chile. The 10.5 MW_thermal parabolic trough plant is integrated into the Electrowinning (EW) process at a copper mine operated by Minera El Tesoro, a subsidiary of Antofagasta Minerals. Levels of solar radiation in the Atacama Desert are very high, making this an ideal application of solar thermal technology.
The plant incorporates thermal energy storage that allows the delivery of thermal energy for up to 6.5 hours at rated power after the sun goes down."

Heat Thermal Storage 10,500 6:30.00 Sierra Gorda, Atacama Desert, Chile Operational
Thumb_cutaway Isentropic Demonstration Project

Using Isentropic Ltd's innovative combined heat pump/heat engine, electricity is used to create a large temperature difference (+500 C hot and -160 C cold), which can then be stored in two low-cost insulated tanks filled with crushed rock. Recombining the hot and cold regenerates the electricity with an overall round-trip efficiency of 75%. Isentropic® PHES system is normally located within a steel-framed building. The storage material (crushed rock) is ideally sourced from a local quarry or mine. Assuming suitable rock is available, the only operations required are to crush the rock, grade it, wash it and dry it. The stores are designed so that they can be easily transported in smaller sections and then assembled on site.

The facility is capable of 1,900kW charging (input) power.

Heat Thermal Storage 1,400 4:00.00 Toton, Nottinghamshire, United Kingdom Announced
Thumb_tozzi_stand-alone-system Tozzi Green - Madagascar

A Stand Alone energy storage system, integrating wind turbine TN535 supplied by Tozzi Nord (10 KW) and a PV plant (3 KW), has been installed in Satrokala, Madagascar, close to a small village.

This energy storage system sets in motion an important pumping water plant. In this way it allows the supply of 12,000 liters of water daily, matching the estimated average consumption of water of the local population. The system is also able to meet the energy needs of a local nursery in addition to Tozzi offices.

This initiative is part of a wider project of Tozzi Industrial Group committed to resolving energy supply problems in the countries of subtropical belt, accordingly to the sustainable development principles.

Valve Regulated Lead Acid Battery (VRLA) 15 3:45.00 Satrokala, Fianarantsoa 313, Madagascar Operational
Thumb_axion_picture Axion VRLA Battery

100kw (going to 500kw) Lead-Carbon battery serving site manufacturing / assembly load

Valve Regulated Lead Acid Battery (VRLA) 100 0:30.00 3601 Clover Lane, New Castle, Pennsylvania 16105, United States Operational
Thumb_image.img.278.187 Kraftwerk Huntorf

1st commercial CAES plant, operational since 1978. The 321-MW plant utilizes nuclear-sourced night-time power for compression and produces peak power during the day via a natural gas turbine. The facility stores the compressed air in two ""solution-mined"" salt caverns which comprise a total of 310,000 cubic meters. (Water was pumped into and out of a salt deposit to dissolve the salt and form the cavern.) The depth of the caverns is more than 600 m which ensures the stability of the air for several months' storage, and guarantees the specified maximum pressure of 100 bar. One cavern is cycled on a diurnal basis. The second cavern serves as a black start asset if the nearby nuclear power plant unexpectedly goes down.

In-ground Natural Gas Combustion Compressed Air Storage 321,000 2:00.00 Große Hellmer 1E, Große Hellmer 1E, Elsfleth 26931, Germany Operational
Halotechnics Advanced Molten Glass for Heat Transfer and Thermal Energy Storage

Halotechnics is developing a high-temperature thermal energy storage system using a new thermal-storage and heat-transfer material: earth-abundant and low-melting-point molten glass. Heat storage materials are critical to the energy storage process. In solar thermal storage systems, heat can be stored in these materials during the day and released at night--when the sun is not out--to drive a turbine and produce electricity. In nuclear storage systems, heat can be stored in these materials at night and released to produce electricity during daytime peak-demand hours. Halotechnics new thermal storage material targets a price that is potentially cheaper than the molten salt used in most commercial solar thermal storage systems today. It is also extremely stable at temperatures up to 1200°C--hundreds of degrees hotter than the highest temperature molten salt can handle. Being able to function at high temperatures will significantly increase the efficiency of turning heat into electricity. Halotechnics is developing a scalable system to pump, heat, store, and discharge the molten glass. The company is leveraging technology used in the modern glass industry, which has decades of experience handling molten glass.

Heat Thermal Storage 5 6:00.00 Emeryille, California, United States Operational
E.ON "Power to Gas" Pilot Plant Falkenhagen

2 MW of power to gas technology demonstrating on a green field the process chain, which involves wind power, electrolyser, gas treatment, gas measurement, hydrogen injection into the gas grid. The gas, maximum 360 m3/h, is sold to the end consumer market. The project will provide experience in building, consenting and market mechanisms. The machinery of the plant is based on state of the art technology.

Hydrogen Energy Storage 1,000 n/a Tannenkoppelweg , Falkenhagen , Brandenburg, Germany Operational
Power to Gas Plant in Reitbrook

New developed 1 MW PEM electrolyser being the largest worldwide. The plant is in the market area of E.ON Hanse and feeding hydrogen into the local gas grid of Hamburg. The hydrogen rate will be maximum 265 m3/h.This advanced technology used is in comparison to conventional electrolysers of this size much more compact and considerably more efficient. Additonally, this technology offers better dynamics and overload capabilities.

Hydrogen Energy Storage 800 n/a Allermöher Deich, Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany Contracted
CPV Firming - Maxwell Technologies 28kW Energy Storage System

Maxwell ultracapacitor energy storage system paired to Soitec's concentrated photovoltaic system located on the campus of University of California, San Diego. The energy storage system will demonstrate the technical and economic benefit of PV power output smoothing. The system will also take advantage of other technology advances, including solar forecasting and predictive energy control to maximize the benefit of incorporating ultracapacitor energy storage.

Ultracapacitors 28 0:05.00 San Diego, California, United States Under Construction
Thumb_2012-10-18_18-51-23 Texas Dispatchable Wind

The Gaines, Texas Dispatchable Wind Project is a 2.0MW wind generation project located in West Texas. It is owned and operated by Texas Dispatachable Wind 1, LLC, a subsidiary of General Compression. The project consists of a wind turbine, a General Compression Advanced Energy Storage (GCAES™) system, a storage cavern, and other electrical & ancillary facilities. The project has the capability to, during periods of low demand, store portions of the energy generated by the wind turbine and later, during periods of increased demand, release the stored energy. Construction of the project began in 2011 and the project was commissioned in late 2012.

In-ground IsoThermal Compressed Air Storage 2,000 250:00.00 Seminole, Texas, United States Operational
Thumb_20130305-cn-01-005 Battery Energy Storage System (BESS) - AC-Linked System

The Karlsruhe Institute of Technology developed and installed an innovative AC-linked pilot storage system at KIT Campus North together with industry partners. Surplus solar energy can be stored in the li-ion batteries and therefore is available at times of peak load and at night. The KIT-developed central control unit (CCU) represents the higher automation level for long-term and strategic energy flow control, taking into account external variables. The system is self-sufficiently controlled depending on the operator’s load profile and measured system data, and the CCU ensures a smooth operation of the system in order to maximize battery performance.

System components: PV system of 37 kWp with DC/AC converter, one li-ion battery of 25 kWh, central control unit (CCU), bidirectional DC/AC converter of 30 kW

Due to its modular design the capacity of the storage system
is expandable.

Lithium Ion Battery 30 0:50.00 Kaiserstrasse 12, Karlsruhe, Baden-Wuerttemberg 76131, Germany Operational
Thumb_20130305-cn-01-005 Battery Energy Storage System (BESS) - DC-Linked System

The Karlsruhe Institute of Technology developed and installed an innovative DC-linked pilot storage system at KIT Campus North together with different industry partners. Surplus solar energy can be stored in the li-ion batteries and therefore is available at times of peak load and at night. The KIT-developed central control unit (CCU) represents the higher automation level for long-term and strategic energy flow control, taking into account external variables. The system is self-sufficiently controlled depending on the operator’s load profile and measured system data, and the CCU ensures a smooth operation of the system in order to maximize battery performance.

System components: PV system of 37 kWp, two li-ion batteries of 25 and 50 kW, central control unit (CCU), two DC/DC converters of 25 kW each, DC/AC converter of 250 kW

Due to its modular design the capacity of the storage system
is expandable up to 2 MWh.

Lithium Ion Battery 250 0:20.00 Kaiserstrasse 12, Karlsruhe, Baden-Wuerttemberg 76131, Germany Operational
Charleston Energy Storage Project

This was the first MW-Scale NAS application outside japan, installed by American Electric Power to provide peak-shaving and transmission upgrade deferral benefits. This kind of system is particularly well-suited to transmission upgrade deferral because it can be moved to where it is needed most at any given time, unlike conventional transmission upgrade solutions. DOE/Sandia provided partial sponsorship, covering non-repeat expenses.

Over the short term, the purpose of the Charleston Energy Storage Project is to mitigate current local capacity constraints and service reliability issues. The long term objective is to bring AEP one step closer to it’s vision of a storage-buffered grid of the future.

Sodium Sulfur Battery 1,000 6:00.00 Charleston, West Virginia, United States Operational
Thumb_battery-storage-photo-1 PG&E Vaca Battery Energy Storage Pilot Project

This project will be located at a substation near the Vaca Dixon Solar Plant of Vacaville, CA It's a 2-MW / 14 MWh installation that will address load shaping, renewables integration, and ancillary services.

Sodium Sulfur Battery 2,000 7:00.00 Vacaville, California, United States Operational
Marshall Steam Station Energy Storage Project

The purpose of the Marshall Energy Storage System is to utilize energy generated from an adjacent 1.0 MW solar PV system to perform diurnal peak shaving for the upstream distribution substation.

System Components:
-800 kWh, 250 kW Superior Lithium Polymer battery (Exergonix)
-1.0 MVA Inverter/Storage Management System (S&C)
-Interconnection to 12.47 kV medium voltage circuit
-Located adjacent to a 1.0 MW solar facility

Duke Energy's Smart Grid Demonstration activities include work in the Envision Energy pilot in Charlotte, North Carolina. The Envision Energy project consists of two substation scale energy storage installations, a 1 MW solar installation, two community energy storage locations, communication nodes, distribution devices, metering, home energy management systems, residential PV, intelligent EVSE and plug-in vehicles. The residential systems (PV, PEV, EVSE, CES, HEM, and smart appliances) will be installed at five employee homes. At its 2.1 GW Marshall coal-fired steam plant, Duke duke has deployed a 250 kW / 800 kWh super lithium polymer battery paired with a 1 MW solar PV array that went COD in April 2011. A key research goal of that project is to quantify efficiency impacts associated with storing the electricity for shorter or longer periods.

Source: "Energy Storage and Project Demos" Electric Power Energy Research (EPRI) http://disgen.epri.com/

Lithium Ion Battery 250 3:00.00 Sherrills Ford, North Carolina 28673, United States Operational
Thumb_borregoces Borrego Springs Microgrid Demonstration Project: Community Energy Storage

The SDG&E microgrid project integrates a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) component - focused on utility-side applications, and a California Energy Commission (CEC) portion , which focuses on customer-side applications. Goals of the DOE portion include achieving a greater than 15 percent reduction in feeder peak load, exploring microgrid islanding, and improving system reliability. Borrego Substation, with a peak load of over 10 MW, was selected as the demonstration site since it provides a unique opportunity to explore microgrid islanding of an entire distribution feeder. The project involves integration of five technologies, including distributed energy resources (DER) and VAR management, feeder automation system technologies (FAST), advanced energy storage, an outage/distribution management system, and price-driven load management. The project team will also perform a cost/benefit analysis for full-scale deployment.

SDG&E has installed two 25 kW/50 kWh Li-ion batteries and one 25 kW/25 kWh Li-ion battery on Circuit 170 at 12 kV. These units are operated independently and as a fleet.

Lithium Polymer Battery 75 2:00.00 Borrego Springs, California, United States Operational
McAlpine Circuit CES System

Duke Energy's Smart Grid Demonstration activities include work in the Envision Energy pilot in Charlotte, North Carolina. The Envision Energy project consists of two substation scale energy storage installations, a one MW solar installation, two community energy storage locations, communication nodes, distribution devices, metering, home energy management systems, residential PV, intelligent EVSE and plug-in vehicles. The residential systems (PV, PEV, EVSE, CES, HEM, and smart appliances) will be installed at five employee homes.

The Purpose of CES Systems is to perform transformer-level peak shaving by integrating with residential level distributed resources and loads. The CES units were reportedly shipped to Duke Energy in July 2011and installed at two utility employee properties in mid-September 2011. The units were previously observed being tested at a Milwaukee plant.

System components include:
-24 kWh, 24 kW Superior Lithium Polymer battery
-System integration module (S&C)
-Interconnection to customer side of distribution transformer.

Source: "Energy Storage and Project Demos" Electric Power Energy Research (EPRI)

Lithium Polymer Battery 50 1:00.00 Charlotte, North Carolina, United States Operational
Milton NaS Battery Energy Storage System

AEP has pioneered the use of NaS batteries in the United States. Following testing at its Dolan Technology Center near Columbus, OH, the utility became the first U.S. electric company to deploy NaS batteries in 2002 when it installed and operated a 100kW/500kVA demonstration unit in Gahanna, OH. In 2006, AEP installed a 1.2-MW stationary NaS battery near Charleston, WV. And in 2008, the utility installed three, 2-MW NaS batteries: one in Churubusco, IN.; one in Milton, WV; and one in Bluffton, OH. The 7.2 MW in NaS deployments are part of AEP’s electricity storage strategy that will also include transportable stationary batteries and distributed small scale energy storage systems.

AEP deployed all of its NaS installations as a means to provide load leveling and alleviate transformer loading during summer peaks, defer capital upgrades, and offer emergency backup power to several hundred customers during electrical system outages. Ultimately, the NaS units offer AEP a degree of flexibility in determining the optimal approach for handling reliability problems. The units buy the utility time to decide whether to redesign a substation, build generation, or keep the storage units in place permanently. (All of the NaS systems are capable of being relocated for an estimated $85,000 to $115,000 if and when the company’s needs for storage change.)

AEP’s 2-MW units were deployed in 2008, and are capable of providing islanding (backup power) for over seven hours when loss of utility power from the substation occurs. These newer installations can also perform load-triggered load leveling which, for example, allows the batteries to discharge just enough energy to hold a constrained substation transformer constant. As a result, a greater amount of energy can be reserved for islanding and battery life can be extended due to less frequent discharging.

AEP uses an in-house SCADA system and developed custom software to control all of its batteries based on the loading transformer. The software essentially creates a feedback loop where the load of the transformer is compared to a desired maximum, and the battery output is then adjusted to achieve that maximum.

In addition, the unit sited at the Balls Gap substation in Milton, WV successfully islanded approximately 700 customers for roughly 30 minutes during a simulated outage staged on July 8, 2009. A live islanding event, meanwhile, took place in December 2009, during a snowstorm that islanded 25 customers for two days. Over that period, the Milton installation was able to minimize disruptions; customers experienced less than three minutes of continuous disruption during the two-day outage period.

Finally, on October 20, 2009, the Milton, WV battery was successfully operated to alleviate load and voltage concerns during a load transfer event between substations. While the transformer at one station was taken out of service for maintenance, load was transferred to a different station which caused voltage and loading concerns. The Milton battery was deployed and mitigated these concerns.

Source: "Energy Storage and Project Demos" Electric Power Energy Research (EPRI)

Sodium Sulfur Battery 2,000 6:00.00 2900 E Mud River Rd, Milton, West Virginia, United States Operational
Thumb_churubusco Churubusco NaS Battery Energy Storage System

AEP has pioneered the use of NaS batteries in the United States. Following testing at its Dolan Technology Center near Columbus, OH, the utility became the first U.S. electric company to deploy NaS batteries in 2002 when it installed and operated a 100kW/500kVA demonstration unit in Gahanna, OH. In 2006, AEP installed a 1.2-MW stationary NaS battery near Charleston, WV. And in 2008, the utility installed three, 2-MW NaS batteries: one in Churubusco, IN.; one in Milton, WV; and one in Bluffton, OH. The 7.2 MW in NaS deployments are part of AEP’s electricity storage strategy that will also include transportable stationary batteries and distributed small scale energy storage systems.

AEP deployed all of its NaS installations as a means to provide load leveling and alleviate transformer loading during summer peaks, defer capital upgrades, and offer emergency backup power to several hundred customers during electrical system outages. Ultimately, the NaS units offer AEP a degree of flexibility in determining the optimal approach for handling reliability problems. The units buy the utility time to decide whether to redesign a substation, build generation, or keep the storage units in place permanently. (All of the NaS systems are capable of being relocated for an estimated $85,000 to $115,000 if and when the company’s needs for storage change.)

AEP’s 2-MW units were deployed in 2008, and are capable of providing islanding (backup power) for over seven hours when loss of utility power from the substation occurs. These newer installations can also perform load-triggered load leveling which, for example, allows the batteries to discharge just enough energy to hold a constrained substation transformer constant. As a result, a greater amount of energy can be reserved for islanding and battery life can be extended due to less frequent discharging.

AEP uses an in-house SCADA system and developed custom software to control all of its batteries based on the loading transformer. The software essentially creates a feedback loop where the load of the transformer is compared to a desired maximum, and the battery output is then adjusted to achieve that maximum.

Source: "Energy Storage and Project Demos" Electric Power Energy Research (EPRI)

Sodium Sulfur Battery 2,000 6:00.00 Churubusco, Indiana, United States Operational
Thumb_bluffton Bluffton NaS Energy Storage System

AEP has pioneered the use of NaS batteries in the United States. Following testing at its Dolan Technology Center near Columbus, OH, the utility became the first U.S. electric company to deploy NaS batteries in 2002 when it installed and operated a 100kW/500kVA demonstration unit in Gahanna, OH. In 2006, AEP installed a 1.2-MW stationary NaS battery near Charleston, WV. And in 2008, the utility installed three, 2-MW NaS batteries: one in Churubusco, IN.; one in Milton, WV; and one in Bluffton, OH. The 7.2 MW in NaS deployments are part of AEP’s electricity storage strategy that will also include transportable stationary batteries and distributed small scale energy storage systems.

AEP deployed all of its NaS installations as a means to provide load leveling and alleviate transformer loading during summer peaks, defer capital upgrades, and offer emergency backup power to several hundred customers during electrical system outages. Ultimately, the NaS units offer AEP a degree of flexibility in determining the optimal approach for handling reliability problems. The units buy the utility time to decide whether to redesign a substation, build generation, or keep the storage units in place permanently. (All of the NaS systems are capable of being relocated for an estimated $85,000 to $115,000 if and when the company’s needs for storage change.)

AEP’s 2-MW units were deployed in 2008, and are capable of providing islanding (backup power) for over seven hours when loss of utility power from the substation occurs. These newer installations can also perform load-triggered load leveling which, for example, allows the batteries to discharge just enough energy to hold a constrained substation transformer constant. As a result, a greater amount of energy can be reserved for islanding and battery life can be extended due to less frequent discharging.

AEP uses an in-house SCADA system and developed custom software to control all of its batteries based on the loading transformer. The software essentially creates a feedback loop where the load of the transformer is compared to a desired maximum, and the battery output is then adjusted to achieve that maximum.

Source: "Energy Storage and Project Demos" Electric Power Energy Research (EPRI)

Sodium Sulfur Battery 2,000 6:00.00 Bluffton, Ohio, United States Operational
Thumb_hampton_wind_farm_1 Hampton Wind Park

Ecoult provided and integrated a MW scale wind power storage system using UltraBattery® technology to address difficulties associated with the variability and uncertainty of wind power production. The project utilizes storage to smooth the 5 minute ramp rate of a wind farm. The objective of the energy storage solution implemented at Hampton is to smooth the ramp rate of the wind farm before presenting it to the grid. In turn the impact objective is to achieve higher penetration of wind and renewable energy in grid systems. It is part of a systematic effort to reduce the cost of each MWh of storage used to control renewable energy variability.

UltraBattery 1,000 0:30.00 Hampton, New South Wales, Australia Operational
Thumb_yerba_buena PG&E Yerba Buena Battery Energy Storage Pilot Project

This 4 MW Sodium Sulfur battery system located at the research facility for HGST, Inc. in San Jose, CA. The system will support power quality and reliability for customers on the distribution feeder, have the ability to island the HGST facility, and be used for studying various battery functionalities such as load shaping and smoothing of intermittent resources. PG&E, working in coordination with Electric Power Research Institute via a grant from the California Energy Commission, will study the system’s performance for multiple functionalities and make these reports available to the public.

Sodium Sulfur Battery 4,000 7:00.00 3403 Yerba Buena Road, San Jose, California, United States Operational
Thumb_nedo_nas_los_alamos_project Japan-US Collaborative Smart Grid Project

The Los Alamos site is the world’s most advanced smart grid demonstration site for supply and demand control. Photovoltaic systems provide a significant portion of the power supply and account for up to 75% of the energy at the Los Alamos site. Because the output of photovoltaic systems vary with weather conditions, large-scale stationary batteries (sodium sulfur battery and lead acid battery) and demand response will be used to control the power flow of the distribution system and ensure quality.

Sodium Sulfur Battery 1,000 6:00.00 3701 East Jemez Rd., Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States Operational
Thumb_bc_hydro_golden_and_field_nas_ess BC Hydro Energy Storage

"1MW NAS battery installed 50km along 25kV feeder from Golden, BC substation close to Field, BC.
Battery system is able to operate islanded from the grid in order to provide back-up power to Field in the event of a feeder outage and is also set up to discharge over the peak hours from 4pm to 8pm every day and recharge over night.
The system uses S&C's Storage Management System and Intellirupter device to manage the charge and discharge and isolatethe system for islanding.
Telecommunications between the intellirupter and the storage management system is provided by 900MHz SpeedNet radio. Telecommunications back to BC Hydro operations is provided by satellite. SCADA points are mapped to BC Hydro's EMS system for monitoring and control."

Sodium Sulfur Battery 1,000 6:30.00 Field, British Columbia, Canada Operational
Sumitomo EV Battery

Sumitomo Corporation (Head Office: Chuo-ku, Tokyo; President and CEO: Kuniharu Nakamura) has developed and installed the world’s first large-scale power storage system which utilizes used batteries collected from electric vehicles (hereinafter : EV). This commercial scale storage system, built on Yume-shima Island, Osaka, will begin operating in February 2014. Over the next three years, the system will measure the smoothing effect of energy output fluctuation from the nearby “Hikari-no-mori,” solar farm, and will aim to establish a large-scale power storage technology by safely and effectively utilizing the huge quantities of discarded used EV batteries which will become available in the future. This project has been selected as a model project for "Verification of the battery storage control to promote renewable energy" for the fiscal year 2013 by the Ministry of the Environment of Japan.

Sumitomo Corporation created the joint venture company, “4R Energy Corporation”, in collaboration with Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. in September 2010, to address the secondary use of EV lithium-ion batteries. The used EV batteries that will be recycled into this large-scale storage system have been recovered and have gone through thorough inspection and maintenance at 4R, to confirm safety and performance. This prototype system (0.6MW/0.4MWh) consists of sixteen used EV batteries.

Battery Business Development Department General Manager, Norihiko Nonaka said “We are pleased to be a part of such an important verification project that can both utilize used EV batteries, and provide a large-scale power storage facility, which are important issues that need to be addressed for the future of renewable energy.”

Sumitomo will seek new business opportunities which can make use of the highly economical storage system, as well as work on developing new applications for used EV batteries. The company aims to actively promote this approach, which can both contribute to expanding the use of EV and encourage the use of renewable energy. Sumitomo is willing to participate in the movement toward lowering the carbon footprint of a sustainable society.

Lithium Ion Battery 600 0:40.00 Yume-shima Island, Osaka, Japan Operational
Thumb_allcell-solar AllCell Chicago EV Charging Station

AllCell Technologies and Windfree announced the completion of the Chicago area's first lithium-ion energy storage system connected to a solar powered electric vehicle (EV) charging station.

The state-of-the-art battery system helps buffer the electrical grid from the uneven power demands of EV charging while providing enough capacity to charge two vehicles in case of a power outage. Equipped with AllCell's proprietary thermal management technology, the battery is continuously protected from overheating to ensure safety and prolonged battery life.

Development of the Evanston, IL based project was managed by Windfree, and includes a 10 kilowatt solar canopy, 40 kilowatt-hour battery system, and two Level II charging stations.

One of the charging stations is used exclusively by car sharing firm I-GO, while the other is available to the public. Alternative Transportation for Chicagoland owns the installation, and other project partners included architects Farr Associates and Continental Electric Construction Company.

"As more and more electric vehicles are sold each year, the strains on the electrical grid will continue to increase," said AllCell CEO Said Al-Hallaj.

The combination of on-site generation and on-site storage co-located with EV charging stations will be a critical part of ensuring that continued growth in the EV market doesn't disrupt the normal operation of the electrical grid.

According to WindFree President Doug Snower, "The combination of advanced battery technology incorporated with our solar canopy EV charging stations make this a dream project for Windfree. We look forward to sharing open source data through a web base monitoring portal that will demonstrate utility infrastructure benefits and energy savings."

Lithium Ion Battery 40 n/a Evanston, Illinois, United States Operational
Lake Cargelligo Solar Tower

Plant Configuration
Solar Field
Heliostat Solar-Field Aperture Area: 6,080 m²
# of Heliostats: 620
Heliostat Aperture Area: 9.8 m²
Receiver Manufacturer: Lloyd Energy Systems Pty Ltd
Receiver Type: Graphite solar storage receiver
Heat-Transfer Fluid Type: Water/Steam
Receiver Inlet Temp: 200C
Receiver Outlet Temp: 500C
Power Block
Turbine Capacity (Gross): 3.0 MW
Turbine Capacity (Net): 3.0 MW
Output Type: Steam Rankine
Power Cycle Pressure: 50.0 bar

Heat Thermal Storage 0 n/a Lake Cargelligo, New South Wales, Australia Operational
Thumb_beacon_flywheel_stephentown Beacon Power 20 MW Flywheel Frequency Regulation Plant (Stephentown, NY)

This 20 MW plant comprises 200 Gen4 flywheels that provide frequency regulation services to grid operator NYISO. Beacon flywheels recycle energy from the grid in response to changes in demand and grid frequency. When generated power exceeds load, the flywheels store the excess energy. When load increases, the flywheels return the energy to the grid.

The flywheel systems can respond nearly instantaneously to the ISO control signal at a rate that is 100 times faster than traditional generation resources. The plant can operate at 100% depth of discharge with no performance degradation over a 20-year lifetime, and can do so for more than 100,000 full charge/discharge cycles. The flywheels are rated at 0.1 MW and 0.025 MWh, for a plant total of 20.0 MW and 5.0 MWh of frequency response.

Flywheel 20,000 0:15.00 Stephentown, New York, United States Operational
Thumb_bess_layout Southern California Edison Tehachapi Wind Energy Storage Project

The Tehachapi Wind Energy Storage project is an ARRA-funded demonstration project evaluating the performance of an 8 MW, 4hour (32 MWh) lithium-ion battery system to improve grid performance and integration of large-scale variable energy resourced generation. Southern California Edison (SCE) will site the system at their Monolith substation on the Antelope-Bailey transmission system. The project team will measure performance under 13 specific operational uses: voltage support and grid stabilization; decrease transmission losses; diminish congestion; increase system reliability; defer transmission investment; enhance value and effectiveness of renewable energy-related transmission; system capacity and resources adequacy; integrate renewable energy (smoothing); shift wind generation output; frequency signal/response; spin/non-spin replacement reserves; ramp management; and energy price arbitrage.

Lithium Ion Battery 8,000 4:00.00 Tehachapi, California, United States Operational
Thumb_4mw_layout_-_front Primus Power Corporation Wind Firming EnergyFarm™

Primus Power is developing and deploying a 25MW/75MWh EnergyFarm energy storage system in the Modesto Irrigation District in California’s Central Valley. The system would replace the potential future installation of a $78M / 50 MW fossil fuel plant and is intended to provide flexible capacity for the region and compensate for the variable nature of wind and solar energy. The technology lends itself to a robust product design with exceptionally low installed cost of power and energy. It is further differentiated by it's 2-10x smaller footprint, high degree of safety, and the investment advantages of a mobile and modular distributed system which is pollution free and silent.

Zinc Chlorine Redox Flow Battery 25,000 3:00.00 Modesto, California, United States Under Construction
Thumb_notrees_pic Duke Energy Business Services Notrees Wind Storage Demonstration Project

Duke Energy has deployed a wind energy storage demonstration system at the 153MW Notrees Wind power project in western Texas. The project demonstrates how energy storage and power storage technologies can help wind power systems address intermittency issues by building a 36 megawatt (MW) turnkey energy storage and power management system capable of optimizing the delivery of energy, in addition to providing regulation service in the ERCOT market. The project is supported by a U.S. DOE Office of Electricity ARRA grant.

More info on the Notrees Wind Farm - http://www.duke-energy.com/commercial-renewables/notrees-windpower.asp

Advanced Lead Acid Battery 36,000 0:40.00 Goldsmith, Texas 79759, United States Operational
Thumb_a123_system_pic Detroit Edison Advanced Implementation of Energy Storage Technologies

This project is designed to demonstrate a proof of concept for aggregated Community Energy Storage Devices in a utility territory. The project is comprised of the following major research objectives: 1) Installation of 20 Community Energy Storage (CES) devices across a utility territory; 2) The installation and use of centralized communication across the service territory; 3) The integration of a renewable resource with energy storage; 4) The creation of algorithms for dispatching CES devices for peak shaving and demand response; 5) The integration and testing of secondary-use electric vehicle batteries; and 6) The use of Energy storage devices to provide ancillary services to the power grid.

Lithium Ion Battery 1,000 2:00.00 Detroit, Michigan, United States Operational
Thumb_img_nas_01 Fukuoka Wind Farm ESS Project

A 1.2MW NGK NAS battery is used at a wind farm in Fukuoka, Japan to firm output to the grid.

Sodium Sulfur Battery 1,200 6:00.00 Fukuoka, Kyushu, Japan Operational
National Grid Distributed Energy Storage Systems Demonstration

This project demonstrates competitively-priced, grid scale, long-duration advanced flow batteries for utility grid applications. The project incorporates engineering of fleet control, manufacturing and installation of two 500kW/6-hour energy storage systems in Massachusetts to lower peak energy demand and reduce the costs of power interruptions.

One ESS will be installed next to a 605 kW photovoltaic (PV) array in Everett, MA. A second ESS will be installed next to a 600 kW wind turbine located on a customer site in Worcester, MA.

Zinc Bromine Redox Flow Battery 500 6:00.00 Everett, Massachusetts, United States Contracted
City of Painesville Municipal Power Vanadium Redox Battery Demonstration

This system is designed to demonstrate a 1.08 MW vanadium redox battery (VRB) storage system at the 32 MW municipal coal fired power plant in Painesville. The system will provide operating data and experience to help the plant maintain its daily power output requirement more efficiently while reducing its carbon footprint. The project is supported by a U.S. DOE Office of Energy ARRA grant.

Vanadium Redox Flow Battery 1,080 8:00.00 Painesville , Ohio, United States Contracted
Battelle Memorial Institute Pacific Northwest Smart Grid Demonstration

PGE’s Salem Smart Power Center (SSPC) is an Energy Storage Facility under construction in Salem, Oregon. The project will test a 5 MW, 1.25MWh storage resource designed to increase distribution system reliability, aid renewable resource integration and decrease peak-price risk. The ESF is a key aspect of PGE’s Salem Smart Power project associated with the Pacific Northwest Smart Grid Demonstration Project test phase which begins September, 2012. PGE expects demand response and utility-scale storage system use to contribute to decreases in the cost of energy: first, by shifting demand from one market-time-period to another; and finally as a renewable resource optimization technology, where the MW-scale system may be used to follow an intermittent renewable resource, such as solar or wind. (CapEx shown below covers the entire Salem project not the energy storage facility alone)

Lithium Ion Battery 5,000 0:15.00 Salem, Oregon, United States Under Construction
Thumb__mtc2526_tn Smart Grid, Smart City (40 systems)

RedFlow has supplied 40 energy storage systems for the SGSC Project, that have been grid-feeding since early 2012. Each system contains a RedFlow 5kW/10kWh zinc-bromide battery, resulting in a total 200kW and 400kWh of storage. The Smart Grid, Smart City program is an Australian Federal Government Initiative. This project is testing smart grid technology in an urban setting. Smart Grid, Smart City creates a testing ground for new energy supply technologies. At least 30,000 households will participate in the project over three years. The demonstration project gathers information about the benefits and costs of different smart grid technologies in an Australian setting. More information about the project can be found at http://www.smartgridsmartcity.com.au/

Zinc Bromine Redox Flow Battery 200 2:00.00 Elermore Vale / South Wallsend, Newcastle, New South Wales 2287, Australia De-Commissioned
Smart Grid, Smart City (20 systems)

RedFlow has supplied 20 systems to the SGSC project in Scone. Each system contains a RedFlow 5kW/10kWh zinc-bromide battery, resulting in a total 100kW and 200kWh of storage. The Smart Grid, Smart City program is an Australian Federal Government Initiative. This project is testing smart grid technology in a rural setting. Smart Grid, Smart City creates a testing ground for new energy supply technologies. At least 30,000 households will participate in the project over three years.
The demonstration project gathers information about the benefits and costs of different smart grid technologies in an Australian setting. More information about the project can be found here: http://www.smartgridsmartcity.com.au/

Zinc Bromine Redox Flow Battery 100 2:00.00 Upper Gundy, Scone, New South Wales 2337, Australia De-Commissioned
Thumb_lapc_38 Los Angeles Community College District

LACCD is the largest community college in the United States. It is currently undertaking the largest public sector sustainable building effort in the United States. All new buildings are being built to LEED certification requirements and existing buildings are being retrofitted for maximum efficiency, an effort which includes 44 new buildings and 2 satellite campuses. 308 tanks are spread among 7 of the community college district campuses. These include the Southwest LA Campus, West LA Campus, East LA Campus, Pierce College Campus, Van de Kamp Campus, Mission Campus and the Vermont Campus. The SW LA, East LA and West LA campuses are served by SCE (Southern CA Edison) while the other campuses are in the LA DWP utility district.

Ice Thermal Storage 4,620 6:00.00 855 North Vermont Avenue, Los Angeles, California 90029, United States Operational
Thumb_hewlett_foundation_ice_tanks William & Flora Hewlett Foundation

Ice thermal storage tanks are installed in the parking lot structure under the building, designed to meet all of the comfort cooling loads and recharged on a daily cycle. For a unique tour of this office building go to: http://www.calmac.com/GreenBuildingTour.asp

Ice Thermal Storage 124 9:00.00 2121 Sand Hill Road, Menlo Park, California 94025, United States Operational
Thumb_epcchealth El Paso Community College District

As the fastest growing community colleges in Texas, El Paso Community College needed to meet the needs of an increasing student population and the third highest electric utility rates in the
nation. The college turned to energy-efficient solutions including energy storage tanks which they sought on 3 different occasions for a total of 51 tanks installed at 3 different campus locations. After a few years, the payback was so significant for the Valle Verde campus that the college
converted the entire plant to full ice storage versus partial ice storage. This allowed the campus to be completely cooled by ice storage during peak demand, saving an additional 25 percent in utility costs or more than $145,000 dollars per year.

Ice Thermal Storage 765 8:00.00 9050 Viscount Boulevard, El Paso, Texas 79925, United States Operational
Fort Sill - U.S. Army

ZBB is provided a 500kWH energy storage system for use in a micro-grid application at a U.S. Army facility in Ft. Sill, OK.

Zinc Bromide Redox Flow Battery 250 2:00.00 Fort Sill, Oklahoma, United States De-Commissioned
Illinois Institute of Technology RDSI Perfect Power Demonstration

ZBB is provided a 500kWH energy storage system for use in a micro-grid application for the Galvin Institute's "Perfect Power" system at the Illinois Institute of Technology Campus in Chicago, IL

Zinc Bromine Redox Flow Battery 250 2:00.00 Chicago, Illinois, United States Under Construction
Thumb_port_hueneme_naval_facility__1_ Port Hueneme Naval Facility

The ZBB EnerSystem™ includes the ZBB EnerSection® power and energy control center, a ZBB EnerStore® 50kWh Zinc-bromide flow battery module for a completely regulated energy storage system ready for interconnection to a range of modular, flexible, energy sources and outputs, while performing power and energy management needs.

Zinc Bromide Redox Flow Battery 25 2:00.00 Port Hueneme, California, United States Under Construction
Thumb_pualani_manor__1_ Pulani Manor

The ZBB EnerStore® will be used as part of Pualani Manor’s new state-of-the-art elevator system that utilizes power from the grid and renewable energy. The system will manage the energy usage from a 20kW photovoltaic array that will also allow the elevator to be operated during emergency situations and extended power outages. With the expandable, modular, and scalable ZBB EnerStore® unit, the non-profit mid-rise, multi-family apartment can add more inputs of PV or other alternative energy sources and/or additional storage devices in the future.

Zinc Bromide Redox Flow Battery 60 2:30.00 Honolulu, Hawaii, United States Operational
San Nicholas Island Naval Facility

ZBB is providing a 1000kWH / 500kW-rated energy storage system for use in a micro-grid application at the San Nicolas Island Naval Facility. The ZBB EnerSystem™ will be used continuously in an ongoing operational mode to minimize diesel gen set runtime in conjunction with wind turbines and future PV arrays on the island.

Zinc Bromide Redox Flow Battery 500 2:00.00 San Nicholas Island, California, United States Under Construction
St. Petersburg Solar Parks Project

The ZBB EnerSystem™ includes the ZBB EnerSection® power and energy control center, a ZBB EnerStore® 50kWh Zinc-bromide flow battery module and customer-provided lead acid batteries. The ZBB EnerSection® provides a completely integrated energy management platform ready for interconnection to a range of configurable energy sources including PV and other power outputs. This system will be used for load management and peak shaving while providing continuous power and energy regulation supply while connected to the grid.

Zinc Bromide Redox Flow Battery 25 2:00.00 St. Petersburg, Florida, United States Under Construction
Thumb_ecoult_pjm-regulation-services-site-1024x541 East Penn Manufacturing Co. Grid-Scale Energy Storage Demonstration Using UltraBattery Technology

The PJM (Pennsylvania-Jersey-Maryland Interconnection) Regulation Services project in Lyon Station, PA, was one of the projects selected and partly funded by the DOE under its American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 to demonstrate the ability of the Ecoult and Deka UltraBattery® energy storage system to enhance the reliability and efficiency of the grid.

It provides 3MW of continuous frequency regulation services to the grid of PJM Interconnection, the largest Regional Transmission Organization/Independent System Operator in the US. The new system is also used for peak demand management services to the local utility, Met-Ed (a First Energy Company).

The PJM demonstration project has been implemented in both a building and a containerized format to demonstrate the modularity and mobility of the storage solutions. This project will be a leading model in the implementation of energy storage technology enabling a smarter grid on a much a broader scale.

The equipment used for the PJM demonstration includes:
• 15 kV switchgear
• 69 kV bus and fused switch
• 4 battery strings- one containerized string and three strings installed in building
• 1,920 UltraBatteries® that combine an asymmetric ultra-capacitor and a lead-acid battery in one unit
• 1 power conversion system
• 1 master programmable controller
• 1 battery monitoring system
(source: http://energy.gov/sites/prod/files/East%20Penn.pdf)

UltraBattery 3,000 0:43.00 102 Deka Road, Lyon Station, Pennsylvania 19536, United States Operational
Thumb_pc120010 Penta Career Center

Penta Career Center serves and educates 2,000 students from five counties. The Center consists of a 500,000 square foot Main Building plus a 25,000 square foot Maintenance Building. The Main Building houses a career-technical high school facility (grades 10 through 12), serving sixteen (16) school districts in northwest Ohio. The Maintenance Building includes a central services plant for chilled and hot water distribution with water cooled chillers, ice storage, high efficiency hot water boilers, and a central emergency generator. The HVAC systems were designed to reduce energy consumption and to allow the Owner complete flexibility in scheduling the use of the building.

Ice Thermal Storage 750 16:00.00 Perrysburg, Ohio 43551, United States Operational
Thabakgolo

This is a cluster of free standing microgrids, with solar, wind, and diesel inputs - the villages of the Drakensberg Escarpment

Nickel Manganese Cobalt Battery 20 24:00.00 Steelpoort, Limpopo Province, South Africa Under Construction
Thumb_iron_edison_24v_400ah_pwp Iron Edison - 400Ah 24V Nickel Iron PWP

This system features a 400Ah 24Volt Nickel Iron (NiFe) battery. The system is powered by a pole mounted solar array. The Apollo Solar Pre-wired panel includes a 3200Watt Pure sine wave inverter with an integrated 80Amp MPPT charge controller. The Apollo Switchgear Module houses the DC disconnect and the AC transfer switch.

Nickel Iron (NiFe) Battery 10 10:00.00 Las Cruces, New Mexico, United States Operational
Thumb_hitachi_shin-kobe_shiuria_wind_park_picture Shiura Wind Park

The first wind firm in Japan with an output fluctuation regulating system. The wind farm has been operating commercially since 2009 with a total rated capacity of 15.4MW output from the wind turbines combined with a lead acid battery system for output stabilization with a capacity of 4.5MW: LL-W with a rated capacity of 10.5MWh.

In the Tohoku-Area Japan, for the wind farm to be connected to the grid and sell the generated electricity to the utility, the output from the system must be kept within 10% of the rated output of the wind generation in a randomly selected 20 minute time range. The LL-W is a specially developed VRLA(Valve Regulated Lead Acid) battery to be used at PSOC (Partial State of Charge suited for stabilizing the output fluctuation from the wind generation, and with an expected lifetime of 17 years. As lead acid batteries are a cost efficient technology, especially combined with the long life of the LL-W which requires no major additional costs, such as replacements, the system contributes to the cost reduction of the overall project.

Source: http://www.shinkobe-denki.co.jp/image/corporate/research/tr_2011_03.pdf

Valve Regulated Lead Acid Battery (VRLA) 4,500 2:20.00 Shiura, Aomori Prefecture, Japan Operational
Thumb_sr_ess Jeju Smart Renewable

KEPCO Smartgrid consortium installed 800kW/200kWh of Li-ion battery based energy storage system to control output of wind power in 5.5MW Haengwon wind farm.

Lithium Ion Battery 800 0:15.00 563 Haengwon-ri, Gujwa-eup, Jeju-si, Jeju-do, Korea, South Operational
Thumb_sp_ess Jeju Smart Place

KT Smartgrid consortium installed 40kW/30kWh of Li-ion battery based energy storage system to aid building energy management with PV in Sehwa middle school.

Lithium Ion Battery 40 0:45.00 1198 Sehwa-ri, Gujwa-eup, Jeju-si, Jeju-do, Korea, South Operational
Cho'cheon Substation Project

KEPCO is installing 4,000kW/8,000kWh of Li-ion battery based energy storage system to integrate renewables to 154kV transmission line in a publicly-funded demonstration project. The process of installation would be completed in June, 2014.It could perform black start, control of active/reactive power and ramp control.

Lithium Ion Battery 4,000 2:00.00 Hamdok-ri, Jochon-eup, Jeju-si, Jeju-do, Korea, South Under Construction
Thumb_csg_0 Southern Grid Baoqing Plant Phase-1(南网宝清电站项目一期工程-1)

China Southern Power Grid (CSG) -- the second largest utility company in the world -- has completed construction of China’s largest battery energy storage station (ESS) as well as the World’s first megawatt-level, grid-connected, environmentally-friendly, Iron-phosphate (Fe) battery storage station for commercial use, integrating BYD technology. Chinese CSG officials reported, “This Energy Storage Station is capable of charging or discharging over 12 Mega-Watt-hours or 3 Mega-Watts for 4 hours off of or onto the grid – this is an outstanding accomplishment!” BYD’s Chairman, Chuanfu Wang, notes that BYD is at the cutting edge of “a new energy revolution” across China and aims to “lead the world in installing environmentally-sound, battery energy storage systems.”

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 3,000 4:00.00 ShenZhen, Guangdong, China Operational
Thumb_swiz 50KW, 60KWH Energy Storage System

BYD's 50KW/60KWH Energy Storage Station (ESS) has been delivered to Switzerland and put into service successfully thanks to the cooperation between BYD and its partner Ampard company. The main job for thisproject is to protect the local electrical grid by chopping apex and filling vale to ameliorate the stability and safety of the net. So far, BYD has completed the installation of more than 100 megawatts of energy storage power station projects all over the world, including the CERTS-based ESS project for Chevron Corporation in the United States.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 50 1:12.00 Basel, Basel, Switzerland Operational
Thumb_duke 200KW, 500KWH Containerized Energy Storage System

BYD Ltd and Utility Partners of America (UPA) has put into service the largest renewable-balancing battery systems for Duke Energy - one of the largest investor-owned utility companies in North America. The 40-foot, self-contained Energy Storage Station (ESS) is located in south Charlotte and has several BYD-vertically integrated components including a 200KW Bi-directional, UL-compliant BYD inverter with BYD’s 500KWh Iron Phosphate battery -- the first rechargeable chemistry that is completely environmentally-friendly. The battery contains no heavy metals or toxic electrolytes and is capable of meeting strict requirements for reliability, cycle and service life – the expected service life of the Iron-Phosphate batteries is over 25 years. BYD mega-watt-scale energy storage stations are installed in several locations in the US and are rated at a 91% AC-DC-AC round-trip-efficiency but have shown actual performance at this site as high as 95.3% -- a new benchmark for the ESS industry.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 200 2:30.00 Charlotte, North Carolina, United States Operational
Seeo Inc. Solid State Batteries for Grid-Scale Energy Storage

Seeo and its partners are demonstrating a large-scale prototype of a solid-state polymer electrolyte lithium-ion rechargeable battery for use in Smart Grid energy storage applications. Seeo seeks to validate this technology to address the needs of Community Energy Storage Systems—small (less than 100 kW) distributed energy storage systems alongside padmounted and pole-mounted transformers. The 25kWh battery pack is more than a 50% improvement in weight and energy density; has 10-15+ year operating life with 3,000-5,000 or more cycles; has no volatile or flammable components; and will be 35% cheaper than existing lithium-ion batteries. This approach allows independent control over mechanical and electrical properties. Seeo’s cell design couples a solid lithium metal anode with a conventional porous lithium iron phosphate cathode yielding a pouch cell energy density of 235 Wh/kg and 410 Wh/l. The cell can withstand temperatures as high as 150°C and voltages of 10 volts without incident. An independent analysis of the environmental and economic impact of battery improvement will also be conducted.

Goals/Objectives
• Develop and deploy a prototype battery system that validates Seeo’s technology
• Reduce the cost of battery cells by $100-$300/kWh
• Improve battery installation and maintenance
• Produce a plan for manufacturing and commercializing the technology at utility scale

Key Milestones
• Polymer temperature and voltage assessment complete (September 2011)
• Produce a total of 1,000 cells with optimized power and energy (December 2011)
• Finalize Pack Design (June 2012)
• Prototype pack assembly complete (January 2013)
• Complete prototype pack performance testing and validation (September 2013)

PROJECT DURATION: 07/30/10–07/29/2014

Source: "Energy Storage and Project Demos" Electric Power Energy Research (EPRI) http://disgen.epri.com/

Lithium Ion Battery 100 0:15.00 Hayward, California, United States Under Construction
CCET Technology Solutions for Wind Integration

Samsung SDI, an affiliate of Samsung Group, and Xtreme Power, a privately held Austin, TX company, today announced that they have been selected by the Center for the Commercialization of Electric Technologies (CCET) to install a 1MW/1MWh Lithium Ion based Battery Energy Storage System (BESS) system at the Reese Technology Center in Lubbock, Texas as part of a Smart Grid Demonstration Project (SGDP). The $27 million demonstration project jointly funded by CCET partners and the US Department of Energy as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009 managed by CCET. The SGDP is known as Discovery Across Texas, Technology Solutions for Wind Integration in ERCOT. BESS will be owned and operated by South Plains Electric Cooperative (SPEC) as one of several project technologies to serve the SGDP objectives of wind integration.
The Samsung SDI and Xtreme Power BESS will be connected to SPEC's distribution grid at the Reese Technology Center as part of an ongoing wind technology program managed by GroupNIRE and Texas Tech University. The BESS will focus on combing utility scale energy storage with wind generation. Potential uses for the BESS include mitigating intermittent fluctuations of a number of nearby wind turbines, regulating the distribution bus voltage, serving as spinning reserve, and providing frequency support during the loss of generation.

Source: http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/with-1mwh-order-samsung-sdi-and-xtreme-power-announce-partnership-to-develop-innovative-energy-storage-solutions-191807611.html

Lithium Ion Battery 1,000 1:00.00 Reese Technology Center, Lubbock, Texas, United States Under Construction
Thumb_byd_finished_project McAlpine Energy Storage System

200 kW / 500 kWh BYD LiFePO4 system used for both energy shifting and renewable smoothing of an adjacent 50 kW solar farm.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 200 2:00.00 Charlotte, North Carolina 28277, United States Operational
2500 R St. Housing Development

Every 2500 R home comes with its own Sunverge Solar Integration System (SIS). Integrated with solar and smart devices, SIS units will provide energy services to each home with additional energy reserves aggregated and delivered to SMUD as Demand Response capacity.

This project will provide a benchmark for how energy storage, solar, and smart devices can be controlled and aggregated in order to provide multiple grid management benefits. In addition, it will demonstrate how these systems can be simultaneously used on the customer side of the meter to manage demand, lower electricity costs, and provide backup power in the case of a grid outage.

In total, there are 34 residential energy storage systems in the housing development rated at 4.5 kW each.

Lithium Ion Battery 153 2:00.00 2500 R St., Sacramento, California 95816, United States Under Construction
Thumb_solana_operacion Solana Solar Generating Plant

Solana, the largest parabolic trough plant in the world, is a 280 megawatt (MW) installation with six hours of thermal storage. This technolgy allows energy to be dispatched as needed during cloudy periods and after sunset. Solana, therefore, is able to generate electricity well into the evening to help meet consumption demand.

Molten Salt Storage 280,000 6:00.00 Gila Bend, Arizona 85337, United States Operational
Thumb_tx_plant_1 Texas Cooperative

This is a Generation Storage system in which water is chilled at off peak and stored in a thermal energy storage tank. The following day during peak, chilled water is pulled from the tank to chill the inlet air of the gas turbine, resulting in increased output. System is weather dependent, with full 90 MW output at 95F. System offers increased MWs for capacity and/or ancillary services beginning at temperatures above 59F, with highest performance at highest temperatures

Chilled Water Thermal Storage 90,000 12:00.00 Not Available, Texas, United States Operational
Thumb_okuyoshino Okuyoshino Pumped Storage

The Okuyoshino Pumped Storage Power Station is located 15 km (9 mi) north of Totsukawa in Nara Prefecture, Japan. Six 201 MW Francis pump-turbine-generators are reversible and serve to both pump water and generate electricity.

The Oku-yoshino Power Plant was planned as a peaking plant to meet augmented electricity demand. The plant plays an important role for improving the grid efficiency and
reliability with thermal power plants and nuclear power plants.

The plant had a lot of technical features. One was that the gross head, 530 m was almost highest at that time in Japan. Each unit of
the plant was equipped with larger capacity and higher rotation speed. It was also the first plant in Japan at which the static starter
was installed.

Effective head: 505.0 m
Max. discharge: 288.0 m3/s
Gross storage capacity: 15.47x106 m3
Effective Storage Capacity: 12.63x106 m3

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,206,000 n/a Totsukawa, Nara Prefecture, Japan Operational
Thumb_cheongsong_pumped_hydro Cheongsong Pumped Hydro Power Plant

KOREA Western Power Co, a power generation subsidiary of Korea Electric Power Company based in Seoul, began construction of a new 600MW hydroelectric power project in Cheongsong, South Korea, in September 2000. The pumped storage project, located upstream on the Naktong river in the province of Kyongsangbukdo, approximately 314km southeast of Seoul, will help to support the economic growth of this mountainous region near Juwang National Park that is home to approximately 34,000 people.

Civil work for the US$304.8M scheme, financed by Korea Western Power, is being carried out by a consortium of Donga Construction Company and Samsung Engineering & Construction Company, both Korean companies. Hyundai Engineering is serving as project consultant. The facility is expected to begin generating electricity by the end of 2006.

In the first open, international competitive bidding for a hydro power project in South Korea, following the country's entry into the World Trade Organization, Korea Western Power awarded the contract for the project's equipment supply to GE-hydro in January 2002.

Energy development

The South Korean government's long term energy development plan calls for increasing the country's power generation capacity from 50GW to 79GW by 2015 to meet the needs of its expanding, industrialised economy. Along with new thermal and nuclear generation, the plan includes development of a number of large, pumped storage hydroelectric plants.

Prior to 1960, hydro power was part of South Korea's base load power supply. During the 1960s, it was midload, and since the 1970s has been used to supply peak load power. Hydro is currently supplying about 7-8% of South Korea's total electricity demand. The Cheongsong project, along with two more pumped storage power plants planned to be built and ready for commercial operation in 2010 and 2015, respectively, will bring Korea's total hydro power capacity to an estimated 6.9GW.

At Cheongsong, GE will supply, install and commission two 300MW reversible pump turbines, 333MVA motor/generators, governors, exciters and balance of plant equipment. Pumping operations will be performed in off-peak periods using relatively low cost power from other generation sources. The motor/generators are each rated at 333/339.8MVA at 18kV, 0.9/0.95 power factor and 300rpm. Output of the pump turbine is 306MW at a net head of 307.9m. Maximum pump output is 31MW. Each unit has specified allowable durations to change operational modes, from standstill, pump, generate, generate-condense and pump condense.

GE Energy in Norway, part of GE Hydro, will provide the project management, conceptual design and turbine runners for the project. Generators will be designed and supplied through GE Canada and other sub-suppliers, while ABB Canada will supply the control equipment, static starters and exciters. Shipping of equipment for the project will begin in April 2004.

Construction of the two power plants was 45% complete as of May 2002. This portion of the project includes building a 97m high upper dam to create a reservoir with a water elevation of 593m when full. A 1156m long, 7.5m diameter waterway tunnel will connect the upper reservoir to the power station. A 1070m discharge waterway, underground pump station and a 606m access tunnel are also being built.

The plant will be connected to the local power grid via a new, 20km, two-circuit transmission line connected to the 345kV bus of the Shinyoungil substation, which is to be built.
Unit 1 is scheduled for start-up in September 2006, followed by startup of unit 2 in December 2006. The concept and layout design of the units, following ISO 9000 design procedures and review processes, is well under way and Cheongsong remains on schedule.

To kick off the Cheongsong project, Korea Western Power representatives met with the GE team in Norway, in early May 2002. They also visited a GE reference facility, the Dinorwig pumped storage power plant, located near Llanberis, Wales.

Source: http://www.waterpowermagazine.com/features/featurekorea-opens-the-door-to-global-hydro-suppliers

Interesting fact: The plant's two 300-MW pump-turbines are operated remotely from the 600-MW Samrangjin Pumped-Storage project 130 kilometers away.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 600,000 6:00.00 Cheongsong-gun, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Korea, South Operational
Thumb_cruachdam01 Cruachan Power Station

Cruachan Power Station is a pumped-storage hydro-electric power station which has a visitor centre at the side of Loch Awe, located on the A85 about 19 miles east of Oban. Opened by the Queen in October 1965, it is one of four pumped storage power schemes in the UK, and has the distinction of being the world's first high head reversible pumped-storage hydro scheme. The station has also been used as the setting for several films, including the James Bond film The World is not Enough.

Nicknamed The Hollow Mountain, Cruachan was constructed between 1959 and 1954 and is unique in that the station is concealed within the hollowed out rock of Ben Cruachan, 3,694 feet (1,126 m), which overlooks the visitor centre. It was conceived and designed by Sir Edward MacColl, a Scottish engineer and a pioneer of hydro electricity in Scotland, with numerous projects to his credit. The only visible features are the dam, which is 1,000 feet (316 m) wide and located 1,300 feet (390 m) up the mountain, and the station offices and visitor centre, which lie on the loch side below the dam, and next to the road.

Buried in the mountain and accessed by a tunnel 23 feet (7 m) wide and 13 feet (4 m) high, the main cavern houses four motor-generator sets capable of generating a total output of 440 MW. Construction of the main cavern, similar in size to a football pitch, required the excavation of 220,000 cubic metres of rock and soil.

The station can operate for 22 hours before the supply of water in the reservoir is exhausted, and is required to maintain a 12 hour emergency supply in reserve. Figures given for the Foyers scheme show that the system can raise 167 tonnes of water (167 cubic metres) per second when pumping at full power, with the flow rate increasing to 200 tonnes per second when generating at full power.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 440,000 22:00.00 Lochawe, Dalmally, United Kingdom Operational
Thumb_sir-adam-beck-generating-station Sir Adam Beck Hydroelectric Generating Station

The 174 megawatt Sir Adam Beck Pump Generating Station and its 300-hectare reservoir were constructed concurrent with the Sir Adam Beck II Generating Station.

Water diverted to the Sir Adam Beck generating complex is typically pumped into the reservoir at night so it can be used to generate electricity during subsequent periods of high electricity demand. Six mixed-flow variable-pitch reversible pump-turbines are installed at the pump generating station. The six pumps are capable, in a period of about eight hours, of filling the reservoir.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 174,000 6:00.00 14000 Niagara Parkway, Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario L0S 1J0, Canada Operational
Thumb_witznau Witznau Pumped Storage Power Station

Commissioned in 1943, the Witznau (or Albbecken) Pumped Storage Power Station is rated at 220 MW in generation mode and 128 MW in pumping mode. It is located in the district of Ühlingen-Birkendorf in the Black Forest.

The plant's lower reservoir, Witznaubecken, also serves as the upper reservoir for the nearby Waldshut pumped storage plant.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 220,000 2:50.00 Schwarzatalstraße 5, Ühlingen-Birkendorf, Baden-Wuerttemberg 79777, Germany Operational
Thumb_wehr Wehr Pumped Storage Power Plant

The underground Wehr power station contributes more than half of the total production of Schluchseewerk AG. Its high performance is enabled by the immense drop of 630 meters from the Hornberg Reservoir to the lower Wehra Reservoir.

Wehr is the largest power plant in Schluchseewerk's Hotzenwald Group of pumped storage, which also includes Säckingen Power Plant.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 910,000 7:00.00 Todtmooser Straße 150, Wehr, Baden-Württemberg 79664, Germany Operational
Thumb_saeckingen Säckingen Pumped Storage Power Plant

The underground Säckingen power station was Germany's first pumped storage plant built in an artificial cavern. Its four pumping/generating units are housed in an artificial cave with enormous dimensions (160 meters long, 23 meters wide, 33 meters high) which can be reached via a 1.5 km long access tunnel. The plant's upper reservoir, Eggberg Reservoir, is located approximately 400 meters above the plant. The Rhine serves as the lower reservoir.

Säckingen is the first of two pumped storage plants in Schluchseewerk's Hotzenwald Group, which also includes Wehr Power Station.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 360,000 6:00.00 Stollenweg 2, Bad Säckingen, Baden-Württemberg 79713, Germany Operational
Thumb_waldshut Waldshut Pumped Storage Power Plant

The Waldshut power plant is the youngest child of the Schluchsee Group, which also includes the Witznau and Häusern pumped storage power plants. Waldshut is the lower level of the three-chain scheme and uses the Rhine as its lower basin.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 150,000 2:30.00 Kraftwerkstraße 13, Waldshut-Tiengen, Baden-Württemberg 79761, Germany Operational
Thumb_hausern Häusern Pumped Storage Power Plant

Commissioned in 1931, the Häusern pumped storage power station is the oldest of the five pumped storage plants within the Schluchseewerk AG network and forms the upper level of the three-stage Schluchsee Group, which also includes Witznau and Waldshut. Häusern's upper basin is the Schluchsee, a reservoir with a volume of 108 million cubic meters. Häusern's lower basin, Schwarza Reservoir, serves as the upper basin for the Witznau power station.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 100,000 n/a Schwarzabruck 2, Häusern, Baden-Württemberg 79837, Germany Operational
Thumb_gm_abb_volt GM ABB Volt Battery

During a symposium for the media on GM’s electrification efforts, including a preview of the Spark EV to be unveiled at the LA Auto Show in two weeks, General Motors and ABB showed and demonstrated a new grid distributed micro-storage (at grid scale) system—i.e., a community energy storage system—built from five used Chevrolet Volt batteries.

The modular air-cooled unit, which can provide about 25 kW of power for about 2 hours (50 kWh of energy capacity), is envisioned to be paired with a neighborhood transformer, said Dan Sowder from Duke Energy, which is putting one of the units into test. Duke supports about 4.2 customers per transformer, so this system would benefit those four customers with respect to the value stream, he suggested.

GM and ABB suggest that the modular unit is capable of providing two hours of electricity needed by three to five average American homes.

The system is built with the cells which are removed and repackaged from the T-pack used in the Volt. While the pack in the Volt is liquid cooled, the repurposed cells, given the duty cycle of their new applications, can be air-cooled. (For one thing, each pack only operates at 5 kW, as opposed to their 111 kW output in the Volt.)

The system can be connected to single phase or three phase; the round-trip efficiency is just under 86%, ABB said. The inverter, supplied by ABB, communicates with the utility—Duke Energy in the test case—and the battery management system provided by GM.

The system is designed to work autonomously; in addition, the utility could override for manual dispatch.

A prototype of the uninterruptible power supply and grid power balancing system was demonstrated during GM’s Electrification Experience, powering all the support lighting and audiovisual equipment in an “off-grid” structure used for the event.

During the demonstration, the energy storage system was run in a “remote power back-up” mode where 100% of the power for the facility came from Volt batteries through ABB’s Energy Storage Inverter system. A similar application could be used to power a group of homes or small commercial buildings during a power outage; allow for storage of power during inexpensive periods for use during expensive peak demand; or help make up for gaps in solar, wind or other renewable power generation.

GM’s battery development extends throughout the entire life of the battery, including secondary use. In many cases, when an EV battery has reached the end of its life in an automotive application, only 30 percent or less of its life has been used. This leaves a tremendous amount of life that can be applied to other applications like powering a structure before the battery is recycled.

—Pablo Valencia, GM senior manager of battery lifecycle management
GM and ABB last year demonstrated how a Chevrolet Volt battery pack could be used to collect energy and feed it back to the grid and deliver supplemental power to homes or businesses.

ABB’s research center in Raleigh, NC, conducted the research and development, and ABB’s Medium Voltage business unit in Lake Mary, Fla., is managing the proof-of-concept testing, market research and product development. As the world’s largest EV fast-charging company and leader in smart grid and energy storage, ABB works with other auto companies, battery manufacturers and utilities to help make electric power and industrial operations more productive and efficient.

Lithium Ion Battery 25 2:00.00 Detroit, Michigan, United States Operational
Thumb_sumba Sumba Island Microgrid Project

Sumba Island is located in eastern Indonesia and was originally known as Sandalwood Island (as it exported sandalwood). Sumba Island is home to over 600,000 people and is one of the Lesser Sunda Islands, and is in the province of East Nusa Tenggara.

The VRB ESS will provide real and reactive power to Sumba, a small island in eastern Indonesia that has poor power supply. Using the ESS, the grid can support power to the island when the main grid is interrupted. This will in turn generate a smooth output of power, increasing the renewable accommodation capability. The PCS100 ESS battery solution can help energy storage devices, such as batteries, achieve stable storage and release of electrical energy
through frequency modulation and voltage regulation. For a power system, PCS100 ESS is just like a conventional synchronous generator featuring power electronics and advanced control technologies. Its inertial characteristics depend on the internal control system, which is aligned to the grid frequency and its change, and energy conversion is recognized on this basis.

Vanadium Redox Flow Battery 400 1:15.00 Sumba, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia Operational
Thumb_planta-termosolar-ccp-casablanca Casablanca Solar Power Plant

Technology: Parabolic trough
Land Area: 200 hectares
PPA/Tariff Type: Real Decreto 661/2007
PPA/Tariff Rate: 27.0 Euro cents per kWh
PPA/Tariff Period: 25 years
PPA/Tariff Information: Feed-in Tariff
Project Type: Commercial

Plant Configuration
Solar Field
Solar-Field Aperture Area: 510,120 m²
# of Solar Collector Assemblies (SCAs): 624
# of Loops: 156
# of SCAs per Loop: 4
SCA Aperture Area: 817 m²
SCA Length: 144 m
# of Modules per SCA: 12
SCA Manufacturer (Model): Sener (SENERtrough)
Mirror Manufacturer (Model): Flabeg (RP3)
# of Heat Collector Elements (HCEs): 22,464
HCE Manufacturer (Model): Solel (UVAC 2008)
HCE Type (Length): Evacuated (4 m)
HTF Company: Diphenyl/Biphenyl oxide
Solar-Field Inlet Temp: 293°C
Solar-Field Outlet Temp: 393°C

Power Block
Turbine Capacity (Gross): 50.0 MW
Turbine Capacity (Net): 50.0 MW
Turbine Manufacturer: Siemens (Germany)
Output Type: Steam Rankine
Power Cycle Pressure: 100.0 bar
Cooling Method: Wet cooling
Cooling Method Description: Cooling towers
Turbine Efficiency: 38.1% @ full load
Fossil Backup Type: HTF heater
Backup Percentage: 12%

Sodium and Potassium Nitrate Molten Salt Thermal Storage 50,000 7:30.00 Talarrubias, Badajoz, Spain Under Construction
Caceres Solar Power Plant

Technology: Parabolic trough
Lat/Long Location: 40°3′ 38.0″ North, 6°16′ 32.0″ West
Land Area: 200 hectares
PPA/Tariff Type: Real Decreto 661/2007
PPA/Tariff Rate: 27.0 Euro cents per kWh
PPA/Tariff Period: 25 years
PPA/Tariff Information: Feed-in Tariff
Project Type: Commercial

Plant Configuration
Solar Field
Solar-Field Aperture Area: 510,120 m²
# of Solar Collector Assemblies (SCAs): 624
# of Loops: 156
# of SCAs per Loop: 4
SCA Aperture Area: 817 m²
SCA Length: 144 m
# of Modules per SCA: 12
SCA Manufacturer (Model): Sener (SenerTrough)
Mirror Manufacturer (Model): Flabeg (RP3)
# of Heat Collector Elements (HCEs): 22,464
HCE Manufacturer (Model): Solel (UVAC 2008)
HCE Type (Length): Evacuated (4 m)
Heat-Transfer Fluid Type: Diphenyl/Biphenyl oxide
Solar-Field Inlet Temp: 293°C
Solar-Field Outlet Temp: 393°C

Power Block
Turbine Capacity (Gross): 50.0 MW
Turbine Capacity (Net): 50.0 MW
Turbine Manufacturer: Siemens
Turbine Description: SST-700
Output Type: Steam Rankine
Power Cycle Pressure: 100.0 bar
Cooling Method: Wet cooling
Cooling Method Description: Cooling towers
Turbine Efficiency: 38.1% @ full load
Fossil Backup Type: HTF heater
Backup Percentage: 12%

Sodium and Potassium Nitrate Molten Salt Thermal Storage 50,000 7:30.00 Valdeobispo, Caceres, Spain Under Construction
Thumb_teramo Voltage Regulation @Teramo

Loccioni Group, with the collaboration of Samsung SDI,
has installed an EES in order to regulate Voltage in Low Voltage lines.
Performed functions are:
| Voltage regulation (LV lines)
| Power factor correction
| Energy Storage

Battery 32 1:00.00 Teramo, TE, Italy Operational
Eldorado Pumped Storage

Closed-loop pumped storage project in early stage feasibility stage.

Closed Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,000,000 10:20.00 Clark County, Nevada, United States Announced
Thumb_concord-icon VCharge Concord Pilot

Pilot distributed thermal storage project providing frequency regulation and load-shifting in ISO New England.

Heat Thermal Storage 175 5:00.00 Conord, Massachusetts, United States Operational
FSK - Volkhov-Severnaya, St Petersburg

Multi-Functional Grid Storage System installed on a substation in parallel with a gas turbine to provide peak shaving,load leveling and frequency support.

Lithium Ion Battery 1,500 1:40.00 Saint Petersburg, Russia, Russia Operational
Clear Creek Flywheel Wind Farm Project

Temporal Power’s flywheel energy storage (FES) technology is currently being deployed by Hydro One Networks Inc. to provide renewable energy integration support in Ontario, Canada. This 10-flywheel 5MW installation will provide local power quality support, by balancing real and reactive power flows from a 20MW wind farm.

Flywheel 5,000 0:06.00 100 7th Concession ENR, Norfolk County, Ontario, Canada Under Construction
Thumb_photo_anda_sol Andasol 1 CSP Solar Power Plant

Technology: Parabolic trough
Land Area: 200 hectares
Solar Resource: 2,136 kWh/m2/yr
Source of Solar Resource: Meteo Station
Construction Job-Years: 600
Annual O&M Jobs: 40
PPA/Tariff Date: September 15, 2008
PPA/Tariff Type: Real Decreto 661/2007
PPA/Tariff Rate: 27.0 Euro cents per kWh
PPA/Tariff Period: 25 years
Project Type: Commercial

Generation Offtaker(s): Endesa

Plant Configuration
Solar Field
Solar-Field Aperture Area: 510,120 m²
# of Solar Collector Assemblies (SCAs): 624
# of Loops: 156
# of SCAs per Loop: 4
SCA Aperture Area: 817 m²
SCA Length: 144 m
# of Modules per SCA: 12
SCA Manufacturer (Model): UTE CT Andasol-1 (SKAL-ET)
Mirror Manufacturer (Model): Flabeg (RP3)
# of Heat Collector Elements (HCEs): 11,232
HCE Manufacturer (Model): Schott (PTR70)
# of HCEs: 11,232
HCE Manufacturer (Model): Solel (UVAC 2008)
Heat-Transfer Fluid Type: Dowtherm A
Solar-Field Inlet Temp: 293°C
Solar-Field Outlet Temp: 393°C
Solar-Field Temp Difference: 100°C

Power Block
Turbine Capacity (Gross): 50.0 MW
Turbine Capacity (Net): 49.9 MW
Turbine Manufacturer: Siemens (Germany)
Output Type: Steam Rankine
Power Cycle Pressure: 100.0 bar
Cooling Method: Wet cooling
Cooling Method Description: Cooling towers
Turbine Efficiency: 38.1% @ full load
Annual Solar-to-Electricity Efficiency (Gross): 16%
Fossil Backup Type: HTF heater
Backup Percentage: 12%
Thermal Storage
Storage Type: 2-tank indirect
Thermal Storage Description: 28,500 tons of molten salt. 1,010 MWh. Tanks are 14 m high and 36 m in diameter.

Please note: Actual energy storage is restricted due to turbine capacity. The thermal capacity can be discharged @ 84.6 MW for 12 hours.

Sodium and Potassium Nitrate Molten Salt Thermal Storage 49,900 7:30.00 Aldiere, Granada, Spain Operational
Thumb_photo_anda_sol Andasol 2 CSP Solar Power Plant

Technology: Parabolic trough
Land Area: 200 hectares
Solar Resource: 2,136 kWh/m2/yr
Source of Solar Resource: Meteo Station
Construction Job-Years: 600
Annual O&M Jobs: 40
PPA/Tariff Date: March 30, 2009
PPA/Tariff Type: Real Decreto 661/2007
PPA/Tariff Rate: 27.0 Euro cents per kWh
PPA/Tariff Period: 25 years

Plant Configuration
Solar Field
Solar-Field Aperture Area: 510,120 m²
# of Solar Collector Assemblies (SCAs): 624
# of Loops: 156
# of SCAs per Loop: 4
SCA Aperture Area: 817 m²
SCA Length: 144 m
# of Modules per SCA: 12
SCA Manufacturer (Model): UTE CT Andasol-2 (SKAL-ET)
Mirror Manufacturer (Model): Flabeg (RP3)
# of Heat Collector Elements (HCEs): 11,232
HCE Manufacturer (Model): Schott (PTR70)
# of HCEs: 11,232
HCE Manufacturer (Model): Solel (UVAC 2008)
Heat-Transfer Fluid Type: Dowtherm A
Solar-Field Inlet Temp: 293°C
Solar-Field Outlet Temp: 393°C
Solar-Field Temp Difference: 100°C
Power Block
Turbine Capacity (Gross): 50.0 MW
Turbine Capacity (Net): 49.9 MW
Turbine Manufacturer: Siemens SST-700 (Germany)
Output Type: Steam Rankine
Power Cycle Pressure: 100.0 bar
Cooling Method: Wet cooling
Cooling Method Description: Cooling towers
Turbine Efficiency: 38.1% @ full load
Annual Solar-to-Electricity Efficiency (Gross): 16%
Fossil Backup Type: HTF heater
Backup Percentage: 12%

Thermal Storage
Storage Type: 2-tank indirect
Thermal Storage Description: 28,500 tons of molten salt. 1,010 MWh. Tanks are 14 m high and 36 m in diameter.

Please note: Actual energy storage is restricted due to turbine capacity. The thermal capacity can be discharged at 84.6 MW for 12 hours.

Thermal Storage 49,900 7:30.00 Aldeire y La Calahorra, Granada, Spain Operational
GigaCapacitor Rosh Pinna Test Project (IL)

A 5GJ (1,400 KWH) GigaCapacitor based energy storage system. Energy storage unit occupies a mere 0.5 cubic meters. Using Generation 1 materials and experimental controller.

The GigaCapacitor is a high voltage capacitor designed to store electrical energy electrostatically. As the only capacitor capable of operating at 115KV, 230KV or higher, the GigaCapacitor is able to provide energy densities of 50 MegaJoule per Liter (MJ/l), 200MJ/l or higher. As a capacitor, power density is extremely high. Please note this project is a test project and with actual data pending.

http://www.sustainablemethods.org/index.php/download_file/view/39/88/

GigaCapacitor 15,000 10:00.00 Rosh Pinna, Galil, Israel Under Construction
GigaCapacitor Putrajaya Test Project (IL)

A 5GJ (1,400 KWH) GigaCapacitor based energy storage system.
Energy storage unit occupies a mere 0.5 cubic meters. Using Generation 1 materials and experimental controller.

The GigaCapacitor is a high voltage capacitor designed to store electrical energy electrostatically. As the only capacitor capable of operating at 115KV, 230KV or higher, the GigaCapacitor is able to provide energy densities of 50 MegaJoule per Liter (MJ/l), 200MJ/l or higher. As a capacitor, power density is extremely high. Please note this project is a test project and with actual data pending.

http://www.sustainablemethods.org/index.php/download_file/view/39/88/

GigaCapacitor 15,000 10:00.00 Putrajaya, Wilayah Persekutuan, Malaysia Under Construction
GigaCapacitor Hyperadad Test Project (IL)

A 5GJ (1,400 KWH) GigaCapacitor based energy storage system.
Energy storage unit occupies 0.5 cubic meters. Using Generation 1 materials and experimental controller.

The GigaCapacitor is a high voltage capacitor designed to store electrical energy electrostatically. As the only capacitor capable of operating at 115KV, 230KV or higher, the GigaCapacitor is able to provide energy densities of 50 MegaJoule per Liter (MJ/l), 200MJ/l or higher. As a capacitor, power density is extremely high. Please note this project is a test project and with actual data pending.

http://www.sustainablemethods.org/index.php/download_file/view/39/88/

GigaCapacitor 15,000 10:00.00 Hyperadad, Andhra Pradesh, India Under Construction
Conso Hydroelectric Power Station

Spain is facing many challenges trying to integrate a large amount of renewable energy (wind and solar) into real-time dispatch of its power generation to meet electricity demand. To meet sustainable criteria for grid stability and reliability, the major utilities in Spain are looking into alternative storage projects, and especially pumped storage projects. Spain has one of the most dynamic markets for pumped storage in southern Europe with a total installed capacity of 5, 350 MW in operation against a total estimated potential of 13,000 MW. Spain is slated to construct additional projects in the coming decades. One government report on renewable energy plans for 2011-2020 estimates a target installed capacity of about 6,300 MW by 2015 and 8,800 MW by 2020. Iberdrola, Gas Natural Fenosa (GNF), and Endesa are the three main utilities that are expected to undertake these developments to fulfill the government objective.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 228,000 n/a Villarino Conso, Orense, Spain Operational
Ponale (Riva del Garda Ledro) Hydroelectric Power Station

Ponale Hydroelectric Power Plant is a pumped storage plant, located in city of Riva del Garda in the Italian province of Trentino, on River Ponale between Lake Ledro and Lake Garda. The station was built in 1928-1929 and underwent overhaul in 1998. The station is known by the world record in high-rise concrete pumping during the reconstruction in 1994. The achieved record was 532m.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 80,000 n/a Riva del Garda, Tretino, Italy Operational
Thumb_capture Advanced Rail Energy Storage Nevada

The components of an ARES Energy Storage System may also be deployed to create a robust Ancillary Services system which functions as a LESR (Limited Energy Storage Resource). These systems provide grid-scale including Regulation-Up, Regulation-Down, Spinning Reserves, VAR Support and Grid Inertia. The ARES Fast Response Ancillary Service technology bridges the power gap between large scale battery and flywheel installations and far larger pumped-storage hydro -- at a lower life-cycle cost than batteries, a higher energy-to-power ratio than flywheels and a greater efficiency and far faster ramp-rate than pumped-storage.

The ARES Ancillary Service facilities typically utilizes a single uphill track with a central queue of loaded shuttle-trains that travel up and down grade in response to an ISO (Independent System Operator) command to provide Reg-UP or Reg-Down frequency adjustment. In addition to its high charge / discharge efficiency of 86% it has extremely fast ramp-rate on the order of seconds to ramp to full power.

Gravitational Energy Storage 50,000 0:15.00 Pahrump, Nevada, United States Announced
PV and EV Charging Systems at Sporting Venue

ZBB provided ZBB EnerStore® Zinc-bromide flow batteries and a 25 kW inverter to be integrated with PV (solar) and fast-charge electric vehicle charging while connected to the grid to provide a continuous supply of energy and optimize the interconnected resources. The company will be using the system to demonstrate and promote renewable energy technologies at a major sporting venue as part of a public awareness campaign, and will have this installation serve as a template for future large, commercial customer sites across their service region for integrated PV and EV charging system requirements.

Zinc Bromide Redox Flow Battery 25 2:00.00 Phoenix, Arizona, United States Under Construction
Thumb_2013-01-10_12-38-51_620 Joint Base Pearl Harbor Hickam (JBPHH) U.S. Military Base

The ZBB EnerSystem™ includes a ZBB EnerSection® power and energy control center combined with a ZBB EnerStore® next generation proprietary flow battery system. The ZBB EnerSystem™ intelligently manages inputs of various energy sources on the base that include an existing photovoltaic (PV) solar power system and new wind turbines.

Zinc Bromide Redox Flow Battery 125 3:20.00 Honolulu , Hawaii, United States Under Construction
VISA (Data Processing Center)

ZBB Energy Storage System provides uninterrupted power to DC loads at major data center. The system includes the ZBB EnerStore® flow battery and a ZBB EnerSection® power and control center with PV and wind inputs, along with a fixed 380v DC output for continuous power output while tied to the grid.

Zinc Bromide Redox Flow Battery 25 2:00.00 Ashburg, Virginia, United States Operational
Tetiaroa Brando Resort

ZBB is teamed up with Pacific Beachcomber to provide a 2,000 kWh ZBB EnerStore® System,which includes (40) 50kWh Zinc Bromide Battery Modules, for the luxury eco-resort, The Brando on Tetiaroa in French Polynesia.

Zinc Bromide Redox Flow Battery 1,000 2:00.00 Tetiaroa, Tahiti, French Polynesia Under Construction
BPC Energy

ZBB Energy in a strategic relationship with BPC Engineering is providing a ZBB EnerSystem™, consisting of a ZBB EnerStore® flow battery and patented ZBB EnerSection® power and control center.

Zinc Bromide Redox Flow Battery 25 2:00.00 Moscow, Moscow, Russia Under Construction
Thumb_illinois_institution_of_technology UTS (University of Technology) Sydney

ZBB Energy is providing a grid Independent ZBB EnerSystem™ with its ZBB EnerStore® Zinc Bromide flow batteries to provide an integrated Microgrid Energy Management System to the University of Technology Sydney (UTS) to serve as a permanent power source, demonstration unit and learning platform in the newly constructed Broadway Building

Zinc Bromide Redox Flow Battery 25 2:00.00 Ultimo, Sydney, Australia Under Construction
GES Advanced Energy Storage Innovation Center

Global Energy Storage Innovation Facility, Retrofitted with actual loads of a medium to large home with typical load profile.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 20 0:18.00 Renton, Washington 98040, United States Under Construction
Thumb_te_power_plant_1mwh IntelliStore 1000 - 1MWh Power Plant Balancing Power Optimization

Energen's IntelliStore 1000 has been connected to a gas-fired electricity generator plant. With its 900 MW installed generator capacity the plant is an ideal site to use the storage device for ramping and phasing services. If idle, the plant's own electricity usage is optimized - no peak prices need to be paid.

Lithium Ferrous Phosphate Battery 500 2:00.00 Verebély László u. 2, Tiszaújváros, Borsod 3580, Hungary Operational
Thumb_brooklynarmyterminal Brooklyn Army Terminal

Brookly Army Terminal is using for local and grid-services and being managed by a commercial building management system. Princeton Power Systems created the advanced controls and provided power electronics

Advanced Lead Acid Battery 100 6:00.00 140 58th S, Brooklyn, New York, United States Operational
Thumb_bob Presideo Energy Storage Project

The Big-Old Battery (BOB) is a 4MW sulfur sodium battery providing backup power to the town of Presidio, Texas. Presidio currently operates with an aging transmission grid and is vulnerable to outages from the Texas plains' powerful electrical storms. BOB will fix this problem and do much more. Overall, BOB provides the following benefits:

- Due to its quick response, the battery will address voltage fluctuations and momentary outages.
- In the event of an outage on the radial transmission line providing power to Presidio, the battery can supply four megawatts of uninterrupted power for up to eight hours. This will also allow for a transfer of electricity sourcing from the Texas grid to that of neighboring Comisiόn Federal de Electricidad (CFE) during emergency situations. This process can often take several hours.
- The battery will allow for maintenance on the new transmission line being built from Marfa to Presidio without loss of electric service.

Watch "ETT's Presidio NAS® Battery: A Story of Technology, Tenacity and Teamwork" - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=54_xP0NzY7M

Sodium Sulfur Battery 4,000 6:00.00 Presidio, Texas, United States Operational
Thumb_srj Alameda County RDSI CERTS Microgrid Demonstration Santa Rita Jail Smart Grid

Alameda County’s Santa Rita Jail smart grid demonstration project in Dublin, California, is the country’s largest CERTS-based microgrid with renewable generation and large-scale energy storage. Designed and constructed by Chevron Energy Solutions, this first-of-its-kind project is anticipated to be a powerful enabler toward a smarter grid. It brings together multiple partners and technologies to deliver an essential component of the U.S. Department of Energy’s plan to deploy an advanced, interconnected energy network capable of meeting the consumption needs of tomorrow.

(From http://www.acgov.org/pdf/SRJSmartGridOverview.pdf)

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 2,000 2:00.00 5325 Broder Blvd. , Dublin, California 94568, United States Operational
Thumb_ces High Penetration Solar Pilot Project Anatolia (CES System)

SMUD is piloting both residential energy storage (RES) units and community energy storage (CES) systems in Anatolia. So far, the research team has installed 15 RES units in the garages of neighborhood volunteers. Later this month, the team will set up three CES systems in the neighborhood. Each CES will be connected to the pad-mounted transformers on distribution feeders and will be sized to work with the group of homes serviced by each transformer. These are about three times larger than the residential units, but can be shared between five to ten homes.

SMUD will continue to run tests and gather data through September 2012, giving the utility a nine-month experimental period with the RES units and roughly a six-month period for the CES units. Although complete results will not be available until the end of the year, the researchers will present preliminary data on March 19, 2012, at the PV America conference in San Jose, California.

Technical Details
3 CES installations, each consisting of two 15 kW CES units in a common enclosure
Each CES installation provides 30 kW of capacity with 30 kWh of usable energy storage from SAFT Li-Ion batteries
Each CES installation is connected to the secondary of a 50 kVA pad mount transformer feeding approximately 9-12 homes
They will be operated to help answer critical questions related to reliability, system architecture optimization, operational control
The CES systems can be coordinated, in an aggregated fashion, as a single utility asset testing larger scale integration concepts
The CES is monitored/controlled via a wireless communications interface which will report critical inverter and battery status.

Note: Funding designation is half designated to High Penetration Solar Pilot Project Anatolia (RES System)

https://solarhighpen.energy.gov/article/advancing_distributed_energy_storage

Lithium Ion Battery 90 1:08.00 Rancho Cordova, California, United States De-Commissioned
Consolidated Edison Company of New York Secure Interoperable Open Smart Grid Demonstration

The Consolidated Edison Company of New York and its partners is demonstrating a secure, interoperable, open Smart Grid that reduces electric demand and increases energy reliability and efficiency. The demonstration project, in New York City and its New York and New Jersey suburbs, has one of the highest load densities in the world representing a complex and diverse test bed, including critical organizations such as Wall Street, the Federal Reserve, major medical facilities, and hubs for national and global communications. Distributed storage, advanced metering infrastructures, home area networks, photovoltaics, and electric vehicle charging equipment will be demonstrated. Customers will have the ability to make decisions regarding the duration and type of energy used—including solar power—and be able to sell it back to the grid when generating surplus power. New technologies demonstrated include a rules-based dashboard for control center operators, a risk management engine to facilitate efficient operation, a transmission decision management engine that aggregates electricity supply data, an adaptive stochastic controller, and an intelligent maintenance system.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 0 n/a New York, New York, United States Under Construction
Thumb_ice_energy_anaheim Ice Energy Anaheim Energy Storage Project

Ice Energy's Ice Bear systems provides energy time shifting services to the Anaheim Public Utility. Multiple systems are installed at various buildings, including the local firestation.

Ice Thermal Storage 200 4:45.00 Anaheim, California, United States Operational
Thumb_ice_bear Ice Energy Toronto Zoo Storage Project

Ice Energy's Ice Bear systems provides energy time shifting services to various commercial locaitons near Toronto, Canada. The system reduces peak air conditioning load by up to 95%, and is a demonstration project to possibly be implemented across Toronto.

Ice Thermal Storage 15 4:40.00 361A Old Finch Avenue, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Operational
Thumb_libus Long Island Bus BESS

Long Island Bus’s Battery Energy Storage System (BESS) powers the natural gas compressor LI Bus uses to refuel its fixed route vehicles during the day. LI Bus' entire fleet of 330 buses runs on compressed natural gas utilizing an environmentally responsible technology to transport 30 million riders annually. BESS automatically recharges itself at night when low-demand makes electric rates less expensive. It lets LI Bus improve its energy efficiency, reduce costs and provide emergency backup power.

This device is among the first and largest sodium sulfur cell technology installations in the United States. It also marks the first time this type of advanced battery technology is being used by a consumer with an electric meter. That's an important development because storing power based on this battery process has the potential to allow customers to capture energy from sources such as wind or tidal power. They can then use the electricity when it's most needed.

Sodium Sulfur Battery 1,000 7:00.00 New York City, New York, United States Operational
Thumb_greensmith Amonix-Greensmith Case Study

The Greensmith storage unit is connected to two 60-kW Amonix Compact Photovoltaic modules located on the Cal Poly Pomona university campus. Amonix signed a one-year lease-to-buy contract with Greensmith, allowing it the freedom to potentially move the Greensmith DESS to different project sites. The Greensmith DESS was installed in July 2011

Lithium Ion Battery 75 2:00.00 Pomona, California, United States Operational
Thumb_ohito_substation Sodium Sulfur Battery at Ohito Substation

System ran from March 1999 to 2002 but was then successively dismantled. The battery cells were reused in 3 other systems.

Sodium Sulfur Battery 6,000 8:00.00 Ohito, Shizuoka, Japan De-Commissioned
Thumb_ul_051 Underwriters Laboratories

Underwriters Laboratories can cool the entire office and laboratory facility with ice storage for a minimum of six hours to take advantage of any energy curtailment incentive windows offered by the utility.

Ice Thermal Storage 1,250 14:00.00 Northbrook, Illinois 60062, United States Operational
Thumb_calmac_icebank_energy_storagetank_300dpi Delta College

The campus' chillers required above average service and maintenance care and were reaching the end of their useful life. Delta college looked to replace their outdated R-11 refrigerant chillers with the latest in green technologies which included, but were not limited, to new R-123 chillers, a ice thermal storage system, variable speed drive pumps and a geothermal chiller/heat recovery system.

Ice Thermal Storage 2,025 16:00.00 University Center, Michigan 48710, United States Operational
GAMACO Project

Hyosung has installed 250kW/500kWh Li-ion battery energy storage system in Guri Agricultural Market Company(GAMACO). It helps building energy management and saving electric charges. It could be used as smart grid demand response resource.

Lithium Ion Battery 250 2:00.00 127 Inchang-dong, Guri-si, Gyeonggi-do, Korea, South Operational
Thumb_chevron-qataress-good 250KW, 500KWH Energy Storage System

BYD announced the launch of a large 40-foot containerized Battery Energy Storage Station (ESS) in Doha, Qatar. The BYD ESS is part of a Solar Testing Facility whose ceremonial launch at the Qatar Science & Technology Park (QSTP) coincided with the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP18) that was held in Doha, Qatar.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 250 2:00.00 Doha, Doha, Qatar Operational
Thumb_zgh_-_byd_energy_storage_cabinets_--long_shot Battery Back-up for Guangdong Nuclear Power Corp

China’s Guangdong Nuclear Power Corp (CGNPC) announced this week the results of the bidding for their largest high-power, high-capacity battery back-up stations to date, with BYD Ltd of Shenzhen winning the bid. A “National Energy Application Technology Research and Engineering demonstration project”, CGNPC plans to couple these 3.5 Mega-Watt-hour back-up batteries with their nuclear power stations to deliver power up to 2.5MW levels. The energy storage station will serve as an emergency power source to safeguard workers and protect station equipment from being damaged in extreme conditions where the nuclear plants may lose their electrical supply.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 2,500 1:24.00 Huizhou, Guangdong, China Under Construction
John W. Keys III Pump-Generating Plant

The John W. Keys III Pump-Generating Plant pumps water uphill 280 feet from Franklin D. Roosevelt Lake to Banks Lake. This water is used to irrigate approximately 670,000 acres of farmland in the Columbia Basin Project. More than 60 crops are grown in the basin and distributed across the nation

Construction of the irrigation facilities began in 1948. Components of the project include the pump-generating plant, feeder canal, and equalizing reservoir, which was later named Banks Lake. Banks Lake was formed by damming the northern 27 miles of the Grand Coulee, and has an active storage capacity of 715,000 acre-feet. The lake stores water for irrigation and also provides important recreational benefits to the region. The pump-generating plant began operation in 1951. From 1951 to 1953, six pumping units, each rated at 65,000 horsepower and with a capacity to pump 1,600 cubic feet per second, were installed in the plant. In the early 1960s, investigations revealed the potential for power generation. Reversible pumps were installed to allow water from Banks Lake to flow back through the units to generate power during periods of peak demand. The first three generating pumps came online in 1973. Two more generating pumps were installed in 1983; the final generating pump was installed in January 1984. The total generating capacity of the plant is now 314,000 kilowatts. In 2008, the pump-generating plant was renamed in honor of John W. Keys III. Keys was Commissioner of the Bureau of Reclamation from 2001 to 2006 and Pacific Northwest Regional Director from 1986 to 1998. He was killed in a plane crash in 2008.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 300,000 80:00.00 Grand Coulee, Washington, United States Operational
Thumb_castiac_pumped_hydro Castaic Pumped-Storage Plant

The pumping forebay, which is separated from the main reservoir by a dam located downstream from the Castaic Power Plant, functions in connection with the pumped storage operations of the plant. This assures the availability of at least 10,000 acre feet (12,000,000 m3) of water which can be pumped back to Pyramid Lake by the use of off peak energy when economical to do so. The pumping function at Castaic hydroelectric plant provides additional water for power generation beyond the supply of water available from the flow of the State Aqueduct. The City of Los Angeles has need for capacity to meet its peak requirements ranging from 3 to 6 hours per day in the winter to 6 to 10 hours per day in summer, depending upon climatic conditions. The water which normally flows through the West Branch of the State Aqueduct during off peak periods, is stored in the higher level Pyramid Lake. This water can be channeled through the turbine generators in a very short time to immediately meet short time peak demands on the DWP's electric system. If the need exists for power for longer than normal peak demand periods, extra water can be pumped back to Pyramid Lake from Elderberry Lake to extend the peaking period.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,247,000 10:00.00 Pyramid Lake, California, United States Operational
Thumb_300x200_helms-repair-photo-1 Helms Pumped Hydro Storage Project

The power plant operates by moving water between two reservoirs, an upper and a lower. When energy demand is high, water is released from the upper reservoir to the plant where electricity is generated before the water is discharged into the lower reservoir. When demand is low at times such as night, water is then pumped back up to the upper reservoir to be used as stored energy for a later time. This is accomplished by pump-generators which serve a dual role as both pumps which can reverse into generators. The plant can go from a stand still to operational in eight minutes which allows it to meet peak energy demand. It consumes more electricity pumping versus generating electricity but pumping occurs during periods of low demand, making the plant economical.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,212,000 n/a Fresno County, California, United States Operational
San Ramon Beacon Flywheel Energy Storage System

Beacon's flywheel project is located at Pacific Gas and Electric’s San Ramon research center. It employs seven 6-kilowatt-hour flywheels, each the size of a small refrigerator, ganged together to form a system that can absorb or discharge 100 kilowatts of power for 15 minutes.

Flywheel 100 0:15.00 San Ramon, California, United States Operational
Altairnano-PJM Li-ion Battery Ancillary Services Demo

Following the successful completion of the IPL demonstration, in November 2008, AES relocated one of the 1-MW Altairnano systems from the Indianapolis Power and Light substation facility to the parking lot the PJM Interconnection's headquarters building. That unit has been wired into a feeder line and has been selling frequency regulation into the PJM Ancillary Service Market since January 2009. It has been in almost continuous operation since May of 2009. After designing specialized control software, the batteries have thus far responded to the "reg up" and "reg down" automatic gain control (AGC) signals from the RTO, charging and discharging accordingly. The unit was tested for power and energy capacity in May 2010 after more than 8,000 operating hours. Energy degradation was approximately 1% while the power degradation was not significant. Altairnano estimates the battery will be able to deliver the required 1 MW contract capacity for over 20 years based on the current PJM duty cycle.

Source: "Energy Storage and Project Demos" Electric Power Energy Research (EPRI)

Lithium Ion Titanate Battery 1,000 0:15.00 102 Deka Road, Lyons, Pennsylvania, United States Operational
Saft Enel Substation Energy Storage Project

The substation is located in Puglia, an area with a high level of variable and intermittent power from renewable energy sources that can cause reverse power flows on the high/medium voltage transformers. The role of Saft’s batteries in the energy storage system is to reduce the variability of power flow as well as allowing for more controllable energy exchange between the substation and the Italian national grid.

Lithium Ion Battery 1,000 0:30.00 Foggia, Puglia, Italy Contracted
Thumb_220px-raccoon_mountain_pumped-storage_plant.svg Raccoon Mountain Pumped Storage Plant

Raccoon Mountain Pumped-Storage Plant is located in southeast Tennessee on a site that overlooks the Tennessee River near Chattanooga.

Deep in the heart of the Cumberland Plateau sits the Raccoon Mountain pumped storage plant. After an extensive upgrade begun in 1999 and it is now TVA's largest hydro facility, with a rated output of more than 1,600 MW.

The plant, which is on the Tennessee River about 6 miles west of Chattanooga, has four pump/turbine units that together would cover a football field. The 528-acre reservoir at the top of Raccoon Mountain holds about 60 million cubic yards of water behind a dam that is 8,500 feet long and 230 feet high (Figure 4). Deep below the lake's surface, hundreds of feet below the mountaintop, is the powerhouse. At times of low power demand, giant turbines pump water up to the reservoir at a rate of seven million gallons per minute. This huge energy storage facility gives TVA much of the flexibility it needs to balance supply and demand on its extensive system.

The plant was idled in March 2012 due to cracks in the generators' rotors. The TVA estimated that the plant will not return to full operation until 2014 or 2015.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,652,000 22:00.00 Cumberland Plateau, Tennessee, United States Offline/Under Repair
Thumb_niagara1 Lewiston Pump-Generating Plant

The Niagara project, located about 4 1/2 miles downstream from the Falls, consists of two main facilities: the Robert Moses Niagara Power Plant, with 13 turbines, and the Lewiston Pump-Generating Plant, with 12 pump-turbines. In between the two plants is a forebay capable of holding about 740 million gallons of water; behind the Lewiston plant, a 1,900-acre reservoir holds additional supplies of this liquid fuel.

Water is diverted from the Niagara River—up to 375,000 gallons a second—and convey it through conduits under the City of Niagara Falls to Lewiston. From there, water flowing through the Robert Moses plant spins turbines that power generators, converting this mechanical energy into electrical energy.

At night, when electricity demand is low, the Lewiston units operate as pumps, transporting water from the forebay up to the plant's reservoir.

During the daytime, when electricity use peaks, the Lewiston pumps are reversed and become generators, similar to those at the Moses plant. In this way, the water can be used to produce electricity twice, increasing production and efficiency.

To balance the need for power with a desire to preserve the beauty of Niagara Falls, the United States and Canada signed a treaty in 1950 that regulates the amount of water diverted for hydroelectricity production. On average, more than 200,000 cubic feet per second (cfs), or 1.5 million gallons of water a second, flow from Lake Erie into the Niagara River. The 1950 pact requires that at least 100,000 cfs of water spill over the Falls during the daylight hours in the tourist season, April through October. This flow may be cut in half at night during this period and at all times the rest of the year.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 240,000 n/a Lewiston, New York, United States Offline/Under Repair
Northfield Mountain Pumped Storage Hydroelectricity Facility

Located in Northfield, Massachusetts, approximately five and one-half miles up the Connecticut River from Turners Falls Dam, the 1,080 megawatt plant is entirely underground and does not depend upon the natural flow of the river for operation. Utilizing energy that is generated at nuclear and the more efficient of our fossil plants, water from the lower reservoir is pumped to an upper reservoir during periods of low power demand. The water is stored in the upper reservoir and then, at times of high electric demand, is released down a 1,100-foot-long pressure shaft to power a turbine generator and continues to the lower reservoir where it is stored until it again resumes its cycle to the upper reservoir.

The 20-mile stretch of the Connecticut River, extending from the dam at Turners Falls north to the Vernon Dam in Vermont, serves as the station's lower reservoir.

The man-made 300-acre upper reservoir, 800 feet above the river, is capable of storing 5.6 billion gallons of water.

The underground powerhouse includes four large reversible turbines, each capable of pumping 27,000 gallons of water per second and generating 270,000 kilowatts of electricity. The powerhouse is accessible through a 2,500-foot-long tunnel. Seven hundred feet below the surface, the cavern is longer than a football field and higher than a ten-story building.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,080,000 n/a Northfield, Massachusetts, United States Operational
Thumb_553px-lakejocassee.svg Bad Creek Pumped Hydro Storage

The Bad Creek Hydroelectric Station is a 1,065-megawatt pumped-storage facility located in Oconee County, eight miles north of Salem, S.C. The four-unit station began generating electricity in 1991, and is the largest hydroelectric station on the Duke Energy system. It is named for the two streams, Bad Creek and West Bad Creek, which were dammed to create the Bad Creek reservoir.

The Bad Creek facility utilizes two reservoirs (or lakes) to generate electricity: an upper reservoir and a lower reservoir. Water stored in an upper lake is released into underground power tunnels. The water rushes down the tunnels, driving huge turbines, which are underground at the base of a dam. The spinning turbines are connected to large generators, which produce the electricity. The water then flows through draft tubes into a lower lake.

A pumped-storage hydroelectric station uses the same water over and over again, making more efficient use of water resources. When demand for electricity is low, operators can refill the lake, as if they were “recharging” a battery. Using power from other generating stations, the generators act as electric motors spinning the huge turbines backward. This pumps water back up the power tunnels into the upper lake. Water is generally pumped back to the upper reservoir at night and on weekends.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,065,000 n/a Oconee County, South Carolina, United States Operational
Thumb_553px-lakejocassee.svg Jocassee Pumped Hydro Storage

The four-unit Jocassee Hydroelectric Station is a 710-megawatt pumped-storage generating facility located in Pickens County, S.C. The facility works much like a conventional hydroelectric station, except that it can reverse turbines and pump back previously used water from a lower lake to store potential energy for later.

The Jocassee facility typically generates power during times of peak electric demand. In the Carolinas, peaks are usually on hot summer afternoons and cold winter mornings during the work week. Water power uses no fuel in the generation of electricity and so has very low operating costs.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 710,000 n/a Pickens County, South Carolina, United States Operational
Thumb_bear-swamp Bear Swamp Hydroelectric Power Station

The Bear Swamp complex, completed in 1974, is on the Deerfield River in Rowe and Florida, Massachusetts. Bear Swamp comprises an underground pumped storage generating station and two conventional hydroelectric stations.

New England Power Company developed Bear Swamp to meet the expanded peak load periods when New England's electricity consumers place the heaviest demand on the system. In the process, a large tract of land on both banks of the river was opened to public recreational use.

The major generating units are twin, reversible pump turbines planted deep within the hillside on the south bank. Operating in unison, they produce a maximum of 600* megawatts of peaking power. During low demand periods, they are reversed to pump water 770 feet from the lower to the upper reservoir to a height of 1600 feet above sea level for storage until needed at the next peak period.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 600,000 6:00.00 Rowe, Massachusetts, United States Operational
Thumb_yards Yards Creek Pumped Storage

The Yards Creek Pumped Storage Facility is located in Blairstown Township, New Jersey. Water is conveyed between the plant & the Upper Reservoir via an 18’ diameter 1,800’ long exposed steel pipe
At full station load, approx. 4 million gpm of water is released (9000 cfs).

The storage facility provides energy regulation and spinning reserve during on-peak hours, and it provides an energy sink off-peak (11P.M. -7 A.M.) to allow fossil and nuclear plants to remain more fully loaded.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 400,000 6:00.00 Blairstown, New Jersey, United States Operational
Thumb_220px-usace_kinzua_dam_downriver Seneca Pumped Storage Generating Station

The Seneca Pumped Storage Generating Station is a hydroelectric power plant using pumped storage of water to generate electric power. It is located near Warren, Pennsylvania in Warren County. Seneca Station is colocated with the Kinzua Dam, near Warren, Pennsylvania. The dam was built by the United States Army Corps of Engineers to regulate the Allegheny River as part of a larger flood control project, and, as a secondary role, to generate hydroelectric power. It created the Allegheny Reservoir, a lake that stretches 25 miles (40 km) upriver.

The power plant, rated at 435 MW, was built by the Pennsylvania Electric Company and Cleveland Electric Illuminating Company. It began commercial operation in 1970. Through business mergers and acquisitions, the plant is now owned by FirstEnergy, an operator of several base load (nuclear and coal-fired) power plants. Pumped storage plants function similarly to a storage battery; they absorb excess power generated by such plants in off-peak hours, such as nighttime, using it to pump water into a reservoir. Later, when demand exceeds the base load, the flow of water from the reservoir generates additional electrical power to meet peak load demands.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 440,000 n/a Mead Township, Pennsylvania, United States Operational
Thumb_220px-usace_richard_b_russell_dam_and_lake Richard B. Russell Pumped Storage

The Richard B. Russell Dam enables a unique capability within the Savannah River Basin as a provider of “pumpback” hydropower. Pumpback turbines are reversible, so they allow the system to re-use water stored in the reservoir system multiple times. This capability is especially helpful during hot, dry summers when the facility can provide more peak-demand electricity with the same amount of water again and again.

The pumpback units are typically operated seven days a week but only during the night. By pumping back at night-time, the system maximizes the benefit to taxpayers because night-time electricity costs about a third less than day-time electricity (due to decreased power demand).

Starting about one hour after sunset, the designated generators are switched into pumpback mode. Once they reverse direction, these units pull water from below the Russell Dam (in the upper portion of Thurmond Lake) and pump it back upstream into Russell Lake. Then, the next day during peak power demands, electricity is generated by releasing that water back down into Thurmond Lake.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 600,000 n/a Richard B. Russell Lake, Georgia, United States Operational
Thumb_spspaerial-300x207 Salina Pumped Storage Project

The Salina Pumped Storage Project is a 260-megawatt (MW) pumped-storage power station near Salina, Oklahoma. It is owned and operated by the Grand River Dam Authority (GRDA). Its construction was in response to growing power demands and a lack of dam sites on the Grand River. The first phase was completed in 1968 and the second in 1971. The upper reservoir for the power station is Lake W. R. Holway which was built on Saline Creek and the lower reservoir is Lake Hudson on the Grand River. During periods of lower power demand, water is pumped from Lake Hudson to Lake Holway and released back down through the pump-generators during periods of high energy demand.

The project was constructed in two stages:

Stage 1 consisted of building an earth and rock filled dam in Chimney Rock Hollow 185 feet (56 m) high, creating Chimney Rock Reservoir. A canal 1,850 feet (560 m) long led from the dam to a forebay structure that had openings for steel penstocks,each 14 feet (4.3 m) in diameter. Three penstocks led from the forebay to a powerhouse that housed three 64,000 horsepower pump-generators, with a total rated capacity of 130 megawatts. This stage was completed in 1968.

Stage 2 comprised building three more penstocks, extending the powerhouse and adding three more pump-generators, all identical to those installed in Stage 1. This doubled the facility's capacity to 260 mw. It was completed in 1971.

The SPSP is controlled remotely from the GRDA Energy Control Center at the Robert S. Kerr Dam, which created Lake Hudson.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 260,000 n/a Salina, Oklahoma, United States Operational
Thumb_220px-usace_carters_dam_powerhouse Carters Dam Pumped Storage

Carters Dam is an earthen embankment dam located south of Chatsworth in Murray County and west of Ellijay in the U.S. state of Georgia. The dam is 445 ft (136 m) tall and is situated 26.8 miles (43.1 km) above the mouth of the Coosawattee River. The drainage area is 376 square miles (974 km²).

Below the dam is a 1,000 acres (400 ha) retention and re-regulation lake. The hydroelectric plant is of the pumped storage type. That is, during off-peak hours the water from the retention lake is pumped back up into the lake for use in generating power during the next time of peak demand. The dam's power station contains 2 X 125 MW Francis turbines and 2 X 125 MW Francis pump turbines for used in pumped-storage.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 250,000 n/a Chatsworth, Georgia, United States Operational
Thumb_smithmtn_homebanner Smith Mountain Pumped Storage Project

Smith Mountain Dam houses five hydroelectric generators with a combined installed capacity of 560 MW. Smith Mountain Lake Dam utilizes pumped-storage hydroelectricity by which water that is released downstream can be pumped back into Smith Mountain Lake for re-use. The Leesville Dam regulates the Smith Mountain Lake's outflows and stores water to be pumped back into the Smith Mountain Lake for this purpose. Hydro-electricity is usually produced during high-demand times (day) and pumped back into the lake during low demand times (night). The Leesville Dam also produces hydro-electricity as well.
In December, 2009, The U.S. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission granted Appalachian Power a new license to operate the hydro-electricity plant. The new 30-year license replaces the original 50-year license and also addresses recreational and environmental management.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 247,000 n/a Smith Mountain Lake, Virginia, United States Operational
Thumb_240px-wallacedam Wallace Dam Pumped Storage

In 1979 Lake Oconee was created with the completion of Wallace Dam, which is a pumped-storage reservoir for Lake Sinclair. What this means is that the water is pumped from Lake Sinclair into Lake Oconee, its dam-sharing lake. It is then released through Wallace Dam back into Lake Sinclair - thus generating electricity. It's quite fascinating to newcomers and you can tell which stage of the operation the process is in by watching the current on Lake Sinclair. Either stop your watercraft and watch the shoreline, or if you are on shore, fix your eye on a watercraft or object in the lake. It will move in either direction depending on the stage of pumping/dam operation. The net effect of the power generation process is an approximate 2-foot (0.61 m) drop or rise in Lake Sinclair's water level. This drop or rise is minimal and only affects boaters located in very shallow water. Lake Sinclair offers year-round, consistent water levels.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 208,000 n/a Milledgeville, Georgia, United States Operational
Thumb_240px-usace_mark_twain_lake_and_dam Clarence Cannon Dam Pumped Storage

The Clarence Cannon Dam contains a hydroelectric power plant, with two generators, capable of producing up to 58 MW of power, or enough to supply a town of 20,000 people. When both units are operating at capacity, as much as 5,400,000 US gallons of water pass through the turbines each minute. A regulation dam, located 9.5 miles (15.3 km) downstream from the main dam, creates a storage pool that can be used for pumped-storage hydroelectricity. When demand for electricity is low, power from other sources can be used to pump water back from the tailwater to the lake. This water can then be re-cycled through the turbines when energy is in high demand.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 58,000 n/a Mark Twain Lake, Missouri, United States Operational
Thumb_240px-usace_degray_dam_and_lake DeGray Lake Pumped Hydro Storage

The dam at DeGray Lake houses a 28 MW pump-turbine and is owned by the US Army Corps. of Engineers. Electrical power from this facility is sold to Southwest Power Administration of the U.S. Department of Energy.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 28,000 n/a DeGray Lake, Arkansas, United States Operational
Thumb_gilboa Blenheim-Gilboa Pumped Storage Power Project

The Catskill Mountains are home to a special type of hydroelectric facility that serves as a giant energy-storage device—the Blenheim-Gilboa Pumped Storage Power Project. Nestled beneath 2,000-foot-tall Brown Mountain, this project generates more than one million kilowatts of electricity in peak demand periods by drawing water from Schoharie Creek and recycling it between two huge reservoirs.

Blenheim-Gilboa serves two vital functions. It saves money for New York consumers by providing low-cost electricity when they need it most. And it stores water for emergency power production. If necessary, this project can be up and running within two minutes. It can "pinch hit" if another plant or line suddenly goes out of service.

A $135-million four-year program to modernize and extend the life of the Blenheim-Gilboa project was completed in May 2010. As part of the four-year program, known as LEM (Life Extension and Modernization), one of project’s four turbine-generator units was taken out of service each fall for approximately eight months. Most of the unit’s mechanical and electrical components were replaced, with repairs made to virtually all other parts. With completion of the project, the four units have a generating capacity of 290 megawatts each, providing an overall project generating capacity of 1,160 megawatts.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,160,000 n/a Blenheim-Gilboa Visitors Center/Lansing Manor 1378 State Route 30 P.O. Box 898 , North Blenheim, New York 12131, United States Operational
Thumb_flatiron Flatiron Powerplant

The Flatiron Powerplant discharges into Flatiron Reservoir, which regulates the water for release to the foothills storage and distribution system. The afterbay storage in Flatiron Reservoir and the forebay storage in Pinewood Lake enable Flatiron Powerplant to meet daily power loads. The Flatiron reversible pump (Unit 3) lifts water from Flatiron Reservoir, a maximum of 297 feet, and delivers it through Carter Lake pressure conduit and tunnel to Carter Lake. When the flow is reversed, the unit acts as a turbine-generator and produces electric energy.

Flatiron units one and two are on AGC and provide VAR support and are occasionally used for spinning reserve.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 8,500 n/a Loveland, Colorado 80537, United States Operational
Thumb_rr2 Rocky River Pumped Storage Plant

The Connecticut Light & Power Company pioneered the use of pumped storage in the United States at this hydroelectric station. First operated in 1929, the Rocky River Plant had two reversible pumps that somewhat resemble large hydroelectric turbines. This permitted significant improvements in the system efficiency of the company's network of hydroelectric and thermal-electric power generating plants.

With Candlewood Lake and the Housatonic River differing in elevation by 200 feet, the Rocky River plant uses a single penstock, 1,000 feet long, to carry water downhill and lift it uphill. The Rocky River plant's pair of 8,100-horsepower pumps together are capable of lifting a million gallons every four minutes. At the time of their installation, they were largest of their kind in the world.

The Rocky River plant pumps water when the Housatonic River runs high. When the river runs low, water released from the lake to create electricity also raises the river level, helping generate additional power at two downriver plants. For every kilowatt-hour used to pump water, the three plants together can generate 1.3 kilowatt-hours.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 29,000 n/a New Milford, Connecticut, United States Operational
Ultralife SUNY Canton Wind Integration Demo

Ultralife Corporation has been awarded a total of $3 million by the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) and the New York Power Authority (NYPA) following its successful application for grant funding under NYSERDA Program Opportunity Notice 1670. NYSERDA has awarded $1.5 million and NYPA is providing an additional $1.5 million in co-funding to support the battery project.

Ultralife will use the funding to demonstrate its new lithium ion battery energy storage system to support a wind turbine demonstration project planned for installation on the campus of the State University of New York at Canton (SUNY Canton).

Ultralife will manufacture, at its Newark, New York facility, an advanced 2 megawatt-hour lithium ion battery energy storage system for integration with a single wind turbine being planned for installation and operation in 2011. The energy storage system is based on Ultralife's existing modular lithium ion battery system technology, and will be designed to support the SUNY Canton electrical power demand with a capacity to store 2 megawatt-hours of electrical power, and deliver that power at a rate of up to 500 kilowatts for up to four hours. This jointly funded research and development initiative will be one of the first battery-integrated wind turbine projects installed in the United States.

Lithium Ion Battery 500 4:00.00 Canton, New York, United States Contracted
Thumb_dinorwig Dinorwig Power Station

Dinorwig is comprised of 16km of underground tunnels, deep below Elidir mountain. Its construction required 1 million tonnes of concrete, 200,000 tonnes of cement and 4,500 tonnes of steel.

The station's six powerful generating units stand in Europe's largest man-made cavern. Adjacent to this lies the main inlet valve chamber housing the plant that regulates the flow of water through the turbines.

Dinorwig's reversible pump/turbines are capable of reaching maximum generation in less than 16 seconds. Using off-peak electricity the six units are reversed as pumps to transport water from the lower reservoir, back to Marchlyn Mawr.

Closed Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,728,000 5:00.00 Dinorwig, Wales, United Kingdom Operational
HECO/Greensmith Battery Energy Storage System

Greensmith has provided HECO with a Lithium Ion BESS to integrate a level 2 EV charging station with a nearby solar array.

Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery 5 4:00.00 Honolulu, Hawaii, United States Operational
Alliant Techsystems (ATK) Launch Systems Demonstration Project

The ATK Launch Systems project takes place at a single customer site – but, it’s a large one. ATK Launch Systems in Promontory, Utah comprises over 540 buildings on a sprawling 19,900-acre site accessible by 75 miles of roads. Their power system of three main substations and 60 miles of power lines deliver about 17 MW (on-peak) to the facilities, with an annual energy bill of over $15 million. In recent years, utility tariff changes have significantly increased the portion of the monthly bills attributable to demand charges. ATK’s Corporate Energy Team, established in 2003, and has already implemented a number of energy saving projects, realizing energy costs reductions of $2 million/year or more. As a result of a comprehensive plant-wide energy assessment (partially funded by DOE) in 2006/2007, ATK identified a new set of energy projects at the Promontory site.

This project will integrate an ambitious and highly diverse set of distributed resources. These include four heat recovery systems using organic Rankin cycle (ORC) generators connected to Ormat energy converters, for a total of 1400 kW. Heat for the system will be supplied by a concentrating solar thermal array, air compressor waste heat and low pressure steam. The project will also incorporate about 140 kW of wind turbines, a yet-to-be-determined amount of hydro turbine capacity, and about 40 kW of micro-hydro turbines. For storage, the project includes up to 1440 kW of pumped hydro capacity for two - four hours, and an above-ground compressed air energy storage (CAES) and generation system (80 kW capacity for 30-60 minutes).

Modular Compressed Air Storage 80 0:45.00 Promontory, Utah, United States Under Construction
Thumb_valence Discovery at Spring Trails Residential Energy Storage

This project is slated to include up to 30 home installations, each with a battery rated at 1 kW.

The Center for Commercialization of Electronic Technologies (CCET) and partners will install and test equipment in the Discovery Center which serves as the technology integration test and demonstration laboratory as well as a community outreach and education facility.

Two housing developments will be tested during the project. One will be an existing Houston community called Discovery at Spring Trails that is developing energy efficient homes equipped with solar units, residential energy storage (1kW, 12v Valence battery per household), and energy management systems. The experiments control group will be a neighboring community called Legends Ranch, which has not taken steps to improve energy efficiency.

Goals/Objectives
• Improve grid reliability
• Create a template for an advanced demand-responsive Smart Grid community
• Refine a process for selecting the best location to monitor wind energy transmission
• Develop a suite of regional-level electric grid monitoring and load management
systems for wind power
• Enable consumers to better monitor and manage their energy usage and cost through Smart homes energy management systems

Lithium Ion Battery 30 14:00.00 Riley Fuzzell Road, Spring, Texas 77386, United States Contracted
Thumb_anatolia_ces SMUD PV & Smart Grid Pilot at Anatolia (RES)

SMUD will deploy energy storage in two configurations. Residential Energy Storage (RES) systems will be connected behind the meter at customer homes and sized to integrate with one home's Photo Voltaic (PV) output and load. Community Energy Storage (CES) systems will be connected to pad mounted transformers on distribution feeders, and will be sized to work with the group of homes fed by each transformer. A control group without energy storage will also be included in the project. Each of the groups will include 15 residential customers who have rooftop PV integrated into the construction of their homes. Each customer will also be part of SMUD's AMI rollout. The primary objective of this project is to examine how the integration of energy storage can be used to enhance the value of distributed PV resources. A second key objective of the project is to monitor the PV systems, and the energy storage, to give SMUD a better picture of the potential value of distributed energy resources from the utility's point of view. A key point of this project is to see how well these systems can support SMUD's "super-peak" from 4 PM to 7 PM, particularly during the period from 5-7 PM when the output from PV systems tends to drop off. The Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) will conduct a demonstration that adds distributed energy storage to a residential community that currently has a PV penetration of about 20% of peak feeder load. The project expects the following outcomes: -Add energy storage as either RES or CES; -Install communications so that the energy storage can be monitored and controlled by SMUD; -Install a Utility portal that will allow SMUD to monitor PV output, energy storage, and customer loads, as well as coordinate the resources at a system aggregate level, or more granularly at the substation, feeder, or individual residence level; -Deploy a Customer portal that will allow consumers to monitor their energy usage, PV output, and energy storage in real-time. In addition, consumers will receive energy conservation tips and other educational tools to help them change their energy use patterns; -Determine pricing signals (sent via the Customer portal) that will change the energy usage behaviors of customers; -Determine if customers who have PV and energy storage manage their energy usage differently when compared to those who do not; -Control a PV/energy storage inverter with a smart meter from SMUD's AMI deployment; -Develop a functional specification for a smart meter/inverter interface that would enable management of distributed PV/storage system with AMI; and -Help to build a strategy for integrating energy storage and PV that can be replicated throughout SMUD's service territory and the utility industry as a whole.

The CES installation includes three 30kW (34kWh) lithium ion batteries.

Lithium Ion Battery 85 1:32.00 Rancho Cordova, California, United States Operational
South Austin Recreational Center Distributed Energy Storage Pilot

In conjunction with Austin Energy, Ice Energy has completed the installation of an Ice Bear distributed energy storage project at the South Austin Recreational Center, located in South-Central Austin.

Ice Thermal Storage 15 4:40.00 1100 Cumberland Road, Austin, Texas 78704, United States Operational
Thumb_lvicebear Ice Energy Big Box Retailer Project

A national retail chain embraced the opportunity for one of its new flagship Las Vegas-area stores to participate in an energy storage pilot program sponsored by local utility Nevada Power (NV Energy) that offered the no-cost installation of two Ice Bear energy storage units. Of the fifteen
air-conditioning units on the store’s roof top, the Ice Bear systems were connected to two Carrier Weathermaster high-efficiency 4-ton and 5-ton units.

Providing an alternative to traditional demand response programs as a solution for reducing peak demand, Ice Bear storage technology shifts energy consumption from daytime hours to night-time hours – peak to off-peak. In the process, it drastically reduces peak electricity use and shrinks the environmental footprint for buildings like this one — all without any operational or behavioral change.

The extreme desert heat conditions, which normally degrade an AC system’s operation, had no effect on the energy storage units. The
hotter the temperature, the better the Ice Bear unit’s relative performance. The data concluded that the Ice Bears delivered 15-20 % greater cooling efficiency than a typical roof top AC unit during peak hours while using a fraction of peak electricity.

Ice Thermal Storage 38 4:40.00 Las Vegas, Nevada, United States Operational
Thumb_newjerseyice Ice Energy Storage at Staples Retailer

Staples installed Ice Bear distributed energy storage units at its Howell, NJ retail outlet in 2008. It is a representative single-story Staples retail store cooled by a 60-ton array of Lennox high efficiency units.

The Ice Bear system supplements a commercial building’s AC unit by using more efficient, lower cost off-peak energy at night to make ice. The ice produced cools the building – rather than the AC unit’s compressor – during the warmest daytime peak hours.

Ice Thermal Storage 38 4:40.00 4514 U.S. 9, Howell, New Jersey 07731, United States Operational
Thumb_fiberlokice Ice Energy Manufacturing Facility Project

Combining Northern Colorado’s hot, dry summers with FiberLok’s temperature-sensitive manufacturing process was yielding some
truly challenging numbers for the company. Whenever the outside temperature topped 95 degrees, temperatures in the plant’s
process area would exceed tolerance, and humidity would drop below acceptable levels. This resulted in lost production time and increased product-return costs.

FiberLok adopted a night-shift-only summer schedule, adding $20,000 in overtime costs to a $11,000 monthly utility bill. All the while, the company continued to search for a solution that wouldn't increase its peak energy load, didn't require extra equipment to keep the relative humidity within acceptable levels, and wouldn’t necessitate excessive modification to the building’s existing air ducting.

FiberLok installed two Ice Bear energy storage systems from Ice Energy to address these issues.

Ice Thermal Storage 24 6:00.00 811 Stockton Avenue, Fort Collins, Colorado 80524, United States Operational
Thumb_reddingice Park Marina Building

The new Park Marina building, housing the Social Security Administration, needed efficient, sustainable HVAC systems. The Imperial Group development company teamed with architect Nichols Melburg & Rossetto, Redding Electric Utility (REU), Trane, Ice Energy and Timberline Heating and Air to install eleven Ice Bear® energy storage units, each coupled with a Trane high-efficiency Precedent™ rooftop air conditioner.

The energy storage system helps to reduce ratepayer costs by shifting the air conditioning load to nighttime when energy costs are less and the compressors run more efficiently.

Ice Thermal Storage 132 6:00.00 2155 Park Marina Drive, Redding, California 96001, United States Operational
Thumb_rocky-mountain-ph Rocky Mountain Hydroelectric Plant

The pumped-storage power plant uses two reservoirs to produce electricity and store energy. The upper reservoir stores water (energy) for periods when electricity demand is high. During these periods, water from the upper reservoir is released down to the power plant to produce hydroelectricity. Water from the power plant is then discharged into the lower reservoir. When energy demand is low, usually at night, water is pumped from the lower reservoir back up to the upper reservoir. The upper reservoir can be replenished in as little as 7.2 hours. The same turbine-generators that are used to generator electricity reverse into pumps during pumping mode.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,095,000 n/a Floyd County, Georgia, United States Operational
Thumb_capture San Antonio International Airport

In 1982, the San Antonio Airport contracted Natgun Corporation to
construct a 0.5 MG thermal energy storage (TES) tank for the purpose
of saving energy costs, and also to defer the capital expenditures
associated with adding additional chiller plant equipment. The tank was originally designed for a maximum of 4,500 ton-hours of useable thermal energy storage capacity. The exterior of the tank is insulated to prevent heat loss.

Chilled Water Thermal Storage 422 8:00.00 9800 Airport Blvd, San Antonio, Texas 78216, United States Operational
GE Wind Durathon Battery Project

Invenergy installed GE’s Brilliant Wind Turbine with Durathon Batteries. GE and Invenergy recently announced plans to install several GE Brilliant turbines at a Mills County, Texas wind farm. The turbines will leverage short-term energy storage provided by the GE Durathon Battery to help ensure reliable, predictable power.

Sodium Nickel Chloride Battery 300 4:00.00 Tehachapi, Texas, United States Operational
Combined-Cycle Cogeneration Power Plant

Independent Power Producers are looking for solutions that can make up for the decrease in power output when ambient temperatures increase – allowing them to sell more electric energy when demand increases.

With the evaluation of various solutions, TAS Energy’s Generation Storage™ was utilized for the retrofit that included installation of a hybrid refrigeration system including a combination of absorption chillers, an electric chiller and a Thermal Energy Storage (TES) tank, custom built filter houses with cooling coils and a heat recovery coil retrofit.

Chilled Water Thermal Storage 5,100 10:00.00 Pasadena, Texas, United States Operational
National Grid Distributed Energy Storage Systems Demonstration

This project demonstrates competitively-priced, grid scale, long-duration advanced flow batteries for utility grid applications. The project incorporates engineering of fleet control, manufacturing and installation of two 500kW/6-hour energy storage systems in Massachusetts to lower peak energy demand and reduce the costs of power interruptions.

One ESS will be installed next to a 605 kW photovoltaic (PV) array in Everett, MA. A second ESS will be installed next to a 600 kW wind turbine located on a customer site in Worcester, MA.

Zinc Bromine Redox Flow Battery 500 6:00.00 Worcester, Massachusetts, United States Contracted
Thumb_tumut3 Tumut Hydroelectric Power Station 3

Tumut 3 Power Station is the first pumped storage hydroelectric power station in Australia. Pump-storage schemes use off-peak energy to pump water to a reservoir on a higher level. This water then passes through turbines to generate electricity when prices are higher. The sole powerhouse is located above ground, approximately 1,800 metres (5,900 ft) below Talbingo Dam.

The power station is fitted with six Toshiba turbines, three of which are reversible pump-turbines. All six turbines are equipped with Melco-manufactured generators, and they have a combined generating capacity of 1,500 megawatts (2,000,000 hp) of electricity.

The power station was completed in 1973, and has 150.9 metres (495 ft) rated head. Water is pumped through six pipelines, each 488 metres (1,601 ft) long and 5.6 metres (18 ft) in diameter, delivering water to Talbingo Reservoir.

During 2003, Snowy Hydro commissioned six 140 kilowatts (190 hp) micro-hydro generators on the existing cooling water systems on each of the six generating units at Tumut 3 Power Station. These GreenPower accredited units enable Snowy Hydro to save approximately 3,137 tonnes (3,458 short tons) of carbon dioxide per annum. In addition, this installation not only captures previous wasted renewable energy, but also will be substantially reducing the noise that was associated with the previous pressure reducing valves on the six generating unit's cooling systems. Between 2009 and December 2011, there was a major upgrade of Tumut 3, adding additional capacity in the range of 25 megawatts (34,000 hp) to 50 megawatts (67,000 hp) per unit.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,500,000 n/a Talbingo Dam, Talbingo, New South Wales, Australia Operational
Thumb_rio-grande-psp Rio Grande-Cerro Pelado Hydroelectric Complex

The Rio Grande pumped storage project is located on the Rio Grande river near the town of Santa Rosa de Calamucita in the Province of Cordoba in Argentina and contains four reversible Francis pump-turbines rated at 175 MW each. It provides electrical storage for the power grid and, in particular, for a nuclear power plant about 50 km away from Rio Grande.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 750,000 n/a Valle de Calamuchita, Córdoba, Argentina Operational
Steenbras Dam Pumped Storage Scheme

Steenbras was the first hydroelectric pumped-storage scheme commissioned on the continent of Africa with an installed capacity of 180 MW. Apart from its economic advantages, the Steenbras pumped-storage scheme also affords an increased measure of security of supply to the City since, unlike thermal power stations, hydroelectric pumped-storage installations, can be brought into operation and up to full load within a matter of minutes.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 180,000 15:30.00 False Bay, Western Cape, South Africa Operational
Thumb_shoalhaven_scheme Kangaroo Valley Pumping and Power Station

Eraring Energy operates two pumped storage hydro power stations, known as the Shoalhaven Scheme, which are located in the Southern Highlands of NSW. The Shoalhaven Scheme consists of the Kangaroo Valley and Bendeela Pumping and Power Stations, and the Fitzroy Falls Reservoir, Bendeela Pondage and Lake Yarrunga.

Kangaroo Valley Power Station in the Kangaroo Valley has two 80 megawatts (110,000 hp) pump turbines, for a total electricity generating capacity of 160 megawatts (210,000 hp). From Bendeela Pondage, Kangaroo Valley Pumping and Power Station lifts water a further 480 metres (1,570 ft) to Fitzroy Falls Reservoir via a tunnel, shaft, pipeline, and canal. Water available for hydro-electric power generation is discharged back down the conduits, driving turbines as it returns to Bendeela Pondage and then Lake Yarrunga.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 160,000 n/a Moss Vale Road, Kangaroo Valley, New South Wales 2577, Australia Operational
Thumb_shoalhaven_scheme Bendeela Pumping and Power Station

Eraring Energy operates two pumped storage hydro power stations, known as the Shoalhaven Scheme, which are located in the Southern Highlands of NSW. The Shoalhaven Scheme consists of the Kangaroo Valley and Bendeela Pumping and Power Stations, and the Fitzroy Falls Reservoir, Bendeela Pondage and Lake Yarrunga.

Bendeela Power Station has two 40 megawatts (54,000 hp) pump turbines, for a total of 80 megawatts (110,000 hp) of electricity generating capacity. Bendeela Pumping and Power Station is located on the Kangaroo River arm of Lake Yarrunga, lifts water 127 metres (417 ft) to Bendeela Pondage.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 80,000 n/a Kangaroo Valley, New South Wales 2577, Australia Operational
Thumb_reyunos Los Reyunos Pumped Hydro Storage

The Reyunos Dam is used to generate hydroelectricity. This is done in a power station located below the level of the reservoir. About one mile (two kilometer) downstream is a smaller, compensation dam called El Tigre. During the hours of decreased power demand, water is pumped from the reservoir of El Tigre back into Los Reyunos to stabilize the water level.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 224,000 n/a Embalse Los Reyunos, Mendoza, Argentina Operational
Cape Barren Island Hybrid System

Cape Barren Island received a major electricity upgrade in 2009 with a three-stage project that involved:
a) upgrading of diesel generation;
b) upgrading control systems and the network;
c) installation of two 20 kW wind turbines;
d) installation of 3 kW of solar panels; and
e) installation of a large battery bank.

Battery 163 1:00.00 Cape Barren Island, Tasmania, Australia Operational
Thumb_crescent-03 Crescent Dunes Solar Energy Project

The Crescent Dunes Solar Energy Project is a 110 MW plant located near Tonopah, Nevada.

The project will utilize technology developed in the U.S. by SolarReserve and its technology partners to capture and store the sun’s energy in order to deliver a firm electricity supply to Nevada, day or night, without the need to burn fossil fuels. The molten salt “receiver” is actually comprised of panels formed by hundreds of special alloy tubes which will be flowing with molten salt for energy absorption and storage. Once complete, the project will be capable of storing 10 hours of full load electricity production, enough to power 75,000 homes at peak electric demand periods, even after dark.

Unlike water, molten salt remains in a liquid state at high temperatures, enabling it to be transported to ground level and stored through a relatively inexpensive system of pipes and tanks. On an as-needed basis, the heated salt is used to boil water to operate a steam-driven turbine, a part of the process that is exactly like any conventional fossil fuel power plant.

Molten Salt Storage 110,000 10:00.00 Tonopah, Nevada, United States Under Construction
Bokpoort Concentrated Solar Plant

The Bokpoort CSP Project comprises a solar field, a power block, a thermal energy storage system and related infrastructure such as grid interconnection and water abstraction and treatment systemd. The solar field comprises loops of parabolic trough solar collector assemblies which will collect the heat from the sun. The solar collectors will be capable of heating the heat transfer fluid up to 393°C. The power block comprises a solar steam generator and a steam turbine delivering 50 MW (net).

http://www.esi-africa.com/sa-s-third-csp-project-under-construction/

http://www.nrel.gov/csp/solarpaces/project_detail.cfm/projectID=271

Molten Salt Storage 50,000 9:00.00 Globershoop, Northern Cape Province, South Africa Contracted
Thumb_barclay-tower Barclay Tower

Today in New York City, Glenwood Management reveals Manhattan’s first battery-based, intelligent energy storage system providing 225 kilowatts (kW) of power with 2 megawatt hours (MWh) of stored energy capacity to a New York City high rise. The Joule.System™ designed by Demand Energy Networks, Inc. is located at Glenwood’s flagship property, Barclay Tower, a 58-story luxury residential high rise located at 10 Barclay Street near the new World Trade Center, New York.

Lead Acid Battery 225 8:50.00 10 Barclay Street, New York, New York 10007, United States Operational
Thumb_bailianhe Bailianhe Pumped Storage Power Station

The Bailianhe Pumped Storage Power Station is a pumped-storage hydroelectric power station located 58 km (36 mi) east of Huanggang in Hubei Province, China. It was constructed between 2004 and 2009 and has a 1,200 MW installed capacity. The power station operates by shifting water between an upper and lower reservoir to generate electricity. For this project, only the upper reservoir had to be created as an existing reservoir, the Bailianhe Reservoir, was used as the lower. During periods of low energy demand, such as at night, water is pumped from Bailianhe Reservoir up to the upper reservoir. When energy demand is high, the water is released back down to the lower reservoir but the pump turbines that pumped the water up now reverse mode and serve as generators to produce electricity. The process is repeated as necessary and the plant serves as a peaking power plant.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,200,000 n/a Bailianhe Reservoir, Huanggang, Hubei, China Operational
Baoquan Pumped Storage Power Station

The Baoquan Pumped Storage Power Station is a pumped-storage hydroelectric power station located 34 km (21 mi) northeast of Jiaozuo in Henan Province, China. It was constructed between June 2004 and December 2011 and has a 1,200 MW installed capacity.[2] The power station operates by shifting water between an upper and lower reservoir to generate electricity. The lower reservoir was formed by raising the height of the existing Baoquan Dam while the Upper Baoquan Reservoir is located in a valley above the north side of the lower reservoir. During periods of low energy demand, such as at night, water is pumped from Baoquan Reservoir up to the upper reservoir. When energy demand is high, the water is released back down to the lower reservoir but the pump turbines that pumped the water up now reverse mode and serve as generators to produce electricity. The process is repeated as necessary and the plant serves as a peaking power plant.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,200,000 n/a Baoquan Reservoir, Huixian, Xinxiang, China Operational
Thumb_heimifeng Heimifeng Pumped Storage Power Station

The Heimifeng Pumped Storage Power Station is located in the hills 25 km (16 mi) north of Changsha in Hunan Province, China. It is a pumped-storage hydroelectric power station with an installed capacity of 1,200 MW. It was constructed between 2005 and 2009 with the generators being commissioned in 2009 and 2010. The station generates power by transferring water between an upper and lower reservoir. When energy demand is high, water from the upper reservoir is released and used to generate electricity before being discharged into the lower reservoir. During times of low demand, water from the lower reservoir is then pumped back up to replenish upper reservoir. This process allows the station to meet peak energy demand and it can go from standstill to operational in three minutes.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,200,000 n/a Changsha, Hunan, China Operational
Pushihe Pumped Storage Power Station

The Pushihe pumped-storage hydropower plant in northeast China's Liaoning Province commisioned the 4th and last of its pump-turbines in September, 2012.

Construction on the RMB 4.5 billion ($712.70 million) plant in east Liaoning's Kuandian Manchu Autonomous County began in 2006.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,200,000 n/a Dandong, Liaoning, China Operational
Thumb_huizhou_pumped_storage_power_station Huizhou Pumped Storage Power Station

The Huizhou Pumped Storage Power Station is a pumped storage hydroelectric power station near Huizhou in Guangdong province, China. It contains 8 pump-generators that total a 2,448 MW installed capacity. Initial units went online between 2007 and 2008,and the power station was complete on June 15, 2011.

The Guangdong power grid requires emergency reserve capacity of 5000MW. Guangzhou Pumped Storage can provide about 900MW.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 2,448,000 n/a Huizhou, Guangdong, China Operational
Thumb_zhanghewan01 Zhanghewan Pumped Storage Power Station

Zhanghewan Pumped Storage Power Station is located on the Gantao River, Jingxing county, Hebei province, 45 km away from Jingxing and 77 km from Shijiazhuang city. 4 reversible pump-turbine generator units of 250 MW are installed in the underground power house, with a the total installed capacity of 1,000 MW. Construction of the project is estimated to have cost 4.12 billion yuan.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,000,000 n/a Gantao River, Jingxing, Hebei Province, China Operational
Hohhot Pumped Storage Power Station

Hohhot pumped-storage plant (PSP) is located in Inner Mongolia, 20 km from Hohhot. Four reversible units, each with an installed capacity of 306 MW, will be installed in the power station for a total installed capacity of 1,224 MW. This PSP complements the customer’s wind farm, as well as providing the electrical network with power for peak demand, supplemental power for periods of reduced production, energy storage for emergency power stand-by and frequency regulation.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,224,000 n/a Hohhot, Inner Mongolia, China Under Construction
Thumb_guangzhou2 Guangzhou Pumped Storage Power Station

Guangzhou pumped storage power station (GPSPS) is currently the largest pumped storage power station around the world. It has 2400MW installed capacity, which includes 8 reversible pumped storage units, whose gross head is 535 m. The station is built in 2 stages. During Stage 1 (1989.5-1994.3) it built in 4*300MW's reversible units which were imported from France, and in Stage 2 (1994.9-2000.6) it built in 4*300MW's reversible units which were imported from Germany. The project complex is made up of upper and lower reservoir, waterway system, underground power house and T&D works.

Construction of the plant in total cost approximately 5.8 billion yuan.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 2,400,000 n/a Longkou East Road, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China Operational
Thumb_afourer Afourer Pumped Storage Scheme

The Afourer Pumped Storage Station is a pumped storage hydroelectric scheme located in the hills above Afourer of Azilal Province, Morocco. The scheme consists of two power stations with a combined installed capacity of 465 MW. Construction on the project began in 2001 and was complete in 2004. It was funded by the Arab Fund for Economic & Social Development at a cost of US$220 million.

Water for the scheme is derived from the Aït Ouarda Dam on the El Abid River at 32°06′32″N 06°30′34″W, just downstream of the Bin el Ouidane Dam. Water from the dam is pumped up 600 m (1,969 ft) in elevation via Step 1 to the Upper Afourer Reservoir at 32°10′32″N 06°32′02″W which has a capacity of 1,260,000 m3 (1,021 acre·ft) and lies at at elevation of 1,280 m (4,199 ft) above sea level. Step 1's power and pumping station contains 2 x 172.5 MW reversible Francis turbines. From the upper reservoir, water can be released back to Step 1 for power generation or released 800 m (2,625 ft) down in elevation to the Lower Afourer Reservoir at 32°12′36″N 06°31′01″W which lies at an elevation of 480 m (1,575 ft) and also has a capacity of 1,260,000 m3 (1,021 acre·ft). The power station at the lower reservoir, Step 2, contains 2 x 60 MW reversible Francis turbines From the lower reservoir, water can be pumped back into the upper reservoir or released into a canal near Afourer for use in irrigation.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 465,000 n/a R301, Afourer, Beni-Mellal Province, Morocco Operational
Abdelmoumen Pumped Storage Power Station

The Abdelmoumen Pumped Power Transfer Station Project (STEP) is located about 70 km Northeast of Agadir. The site is located upstream of the existing reservoir of the Abdelmoumen dam on the Oued Issen. It falls under Taroudant Province and Bigoudine rural council. The Abdelmoumen STEP Project will reinforce the national electricity grid in the South. The STEP provides energy capacity as follows: 616 GWh / year of energy produced for 812 GWh / year of energy consumed.

The project works will span approximately 48 months. STEP’s total construction cost estimate is DH 2 300 million.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 350,000 n/a Abdelmoumen Dam, Agadir, Agadir-Ida Ou Tanane, Morocco Announced
Thumb_plant-lamtakhong-a Lam Ta Khong Pumped Storage Power Plant

The pumped storage project was initially proposed in 1975. The project was to be constructed in two 500 MW phases. The first phase began in December 1995 and was completed in 2001, with the first two 250 MW generators operational in August 2002. After the 1997 Asian financial crisis, Phase 2 never began.

Type: Rockfill dam
Height: 50 meters
Crest Length: 2,170 meters
Reservoir’s storage capacity: 10.3 million cubic meters
Maximum reservoir water level: +660 meters (MSL)

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 500,000 n/a Lam Takhong Dam, Pak Chong, Nakhon Ratchasima 30130, Thailand Operational
Thumb_yecheon Yecheon Pumped Storage Power Plant

The Yecheon PSPP utilizes two 400 MW reversible pump-turbines to store water for the purpose of generating electricity during peak demand hours.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 800,000 n/a Yecheon-gun, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Korea, South Operational
Thumb_yangyang Yangyang Pumped Storage Power Plant

During low electricity demand periods, such as the night time, water from the lower reservoir is pumped 937 m (3,074 ft) above the valley to the upper reservoir in the mountains. The upper reservoir is created by the Inje Dam, located 5.3 km2 (2 sq mi) west of the Yangyang Dam at 38°01′08″N 128°29′47″E. The Inje is a 84 m (276 ft) tall and 415 m (1,362 ft) long rock-fill embankment dam. The capacity of the upper reservoir is 4,200,000 m3 (3,405 acre·ft) and it has a surface area of 190 m2 (0 acre). When electricity demand rises and the power plant begins to operate, water is released from the upper reservoir back towards the underground power plant, at the western edge of the lower reservoir. Water fluctuations in the upper reservoir range from 900 m (2,953 ft) and 936 m (3,071 ft) above sea level. The power plant contains four 250 MW reversible Francis turbine-generators for an installed capacity of 1,000 MW. The drop in elevation affords a maximum hydraulic head (drop) of 817 m (2,680 ft) and effective head of 776 m (2,546 ft).

Additionally, there are 2 x 1.5 MW Wind turbines installed at the upper reservoir and a 1.5 MW small hydro turbine on the Yangsang Dam.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,000,000 n/a Yangyang Dam, Yangyang, Gangwon Province, Korea, South Operational
ABB & UK Power Networks Energy Storage Installation

An electricity distribution company has commissioned the first of a new type of dynamic power-control system with energy storage at a site north of Hemsby in Norfolk, so that energy from a nearby wind farm can be fed into the local grid.

The ABB DynaPeaQ installation will alter the energy profile and regulate the power flow to compensate for the intermittence of wind power.

The system is based on ABB’s established SVC Light system for reactive power compensation, and also includes eight stacks of 13 Saft lithium-ion battery modules housed in a 25m2 building. The modules will be continually charged and discharged, and can store up to 200kWh of electrical energy.

http://eandt.theiet.org/news/2011/jun/energy-storage.cfm

Lithium Ion Battery 200 1:00.00 Hemsby, Norfolk, United Kingdom Operational
Thumb_okutataragi Okutataragi Pumped Storage Power Station

The Okutataragi Pumped Storage Power Station is a large pumped-storage hydroelectric power station in Asago, in the Hyōgo Prefecture of Japan. With a total installed capacity of a 1,932 MW, it is one of the largest pumped-storage power stations in the world, and the largest in Japan.

Construction on the facility began in 1970 and was completed in 1974. The first of six pump-generating turbines was commissioned in June 1974, the last in June 1998.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,932,000 8:00.00 Kurokawa Reservoir, Asago, Hyōgo, Japan Operational
Sumitomo Densetsu Office

Installed in 2000, the Vanadium redox flow battery energy storage system at Sumitomo's Densetsu Office is used for peak shaving. It is comprised of sixty 50 kW Sumitomo battery modules.

Vanadium Redox Flow Battery 3,000 0:16.00 Osaka, Kansai 550-8550, Japan Operational
Yokohama Works

Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd. has completed a megawatt-class electric power generation/storage system on the premises of its Yokohama Works.

The system consists of 28 units of concentrated photovoltaic (maximum total power generation: 200 kW)* and a redox flow battery (capacity: 1 MW x 5 hours), which respectively function as renewable energy sources and a storage facility of electric power generated by the CPV units. Connected to external commercial power networks, the system can also store electricity provided by power companies during the night. This system employs an energy management system (EMS), which monitors the amount of CPV-generated electric power, battery storage and power consumption, and stores the measurement data in the central server.

Vanadium Redox Flow Battery 1,000 5:00.00 1, Taya-cho, Sakae-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa 244-8588, Japan Operational
Thumb_rokkasho Rokkasho Village Wind Farm

In May 2008, JWD completed construction of a wind farm near Rokkasho village in Aomori Prefecture, in northern Honshu. This smart grid wind farm is the first facility of its type to use sodium sulfur (NAS) batteries to store electricity for supply to the national power grid. These batteries are charged at night, when the demand for power is lower, and the stored electricity can be supplied to the grid together with the electricity generated by the windmills during the daylight hours. This ensures a steady supply of power to the grid even during those periods when power production falls as the result of low wind speed.

To control the transmission of power from the Rokkasho wind farm to the national power grid, Tokyo Densan, a Yokogawa representative and systems integrator, successfully installed STARDOM network-based controllers and FA-M3 range-free controllers.

Source: http://www.yokogawa.com/iab/suc/power/iab-suc-jwd-en.htm

Sodium Sulfur Battery 34,000 7:00.00 Rokkasho, Aomori, Japan Operational
Grand'Maison Dam Pumped Storage Power Plant

The Grand’Maison "high head" dam is located upstream of the Romanche valley. It uses 8 pump turbines to drive water back up to the upper pondage in order to store it for use during periods of high demand.

The power station has a total output of 1820MW (12 turbine sets each producing 150MW). Its annual production of 1,420GWh (Gigawatt hours) accounts for 8% of France’s hydro-electric power. The total amount of power required for pumping is 1,720 (i.e. an overall loss of 300GWh or 30%). The rate of flow is of little importance at this mountain site, what matters is the 950 metre drop.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,820,000 n/a Barrage de Grand'Maison, Vaujany, Isère, France Operational
Thumb_figas Tianhuangping Pumped Storage Hydro Plant

East China Electric Power's Tianhuangping pumped storage hydroelectric project is the biggest of its type in Asia. It provides valuable cover for demand surges in the central coastal region, including high growth Shanghai. It is located in Anji County in Zhejiang, about 175km from Shanghai, and has a total installed capacity of 1,800MW.

The new plant plays a vital role in stabilising the entire East China Power Grid, improving the quality of the power supply in east China, and ensuring the safe operation of the nuclear power stations in the surrounding areas.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,836,000 n/a Anji County, Zhejiang, China Operational
Thumb_taiwan_power_ccopany_mingtan_power_station Mingtan Dam

The Mingtan Pumped Storage Hydro Power Plant was completed in 1994 as an important facility to control peak hours’ electricity demand in Taiwan. It has two reservoirs, one is the existing lake Sun Moon Lake as an upper reservoir and the other is Shui Li reservoir formed by building a dam as a lower reservoir.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,600,000 n/a Sun Moon Lake, Nantou, Taiwan Operational
Thumb_800px-cooinferieur-30jan2010 Coo-Trois-Ponts Hydroelectric Power Station

This plant near Ambleve utilizes two upper basins on Mont de Brume and a lower reservoir built on the Coo giving an effective heed of about 275m. The four first-phase units use one upper reservoir and a second phase was added when the second upper basin was built.

Begun in 1967, the development is planned in two phases. The first was completed in 1971-1972 by commissioning three turbogenerator (Coo 1) with a total capacity of 474 MW. The work of the second, including the installation of three additional groups increased power - 690 MW - completed in 1979 (Coo 2).

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,164,000 5:00.00 Trois-Ponts, Liege, Belgium Operational
Thumb_edolo Edolo Pumped Storage Plant

This plant started its activity in 1985 and is located in Val Camonica on the right bank of the river Oglio in Brescia Province, Lombardy, North Italy.

The plant utilizes eight Francis pump-turbines each rated at 125 MW when generating and 140 MW when pumping. The upper reservoir rests 1,265.6 meters higher than the lower reservoir.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,000,000 n/a Edolo, Brescia, Italy Operational
Thumb_220px-entracque_diga_chiotas1__1_ Chiotas Hydro Power Plant (Entracque Pumped Storage)

The Entracque Power Plant, also known as The Upper Gesso Plant, is a pumped-storage hydroelectric power station located in Valle Gesso just south of Entracque, Italy. The power station contains pump-generators for two co-located but hydraulically separated power schemes; the Chiotas-Piastra Plant and Rovina-Piastra Plant. Both plants use separate upper reservoirs but use Lago della Piastra as their common lower reservoir. To produce power, water is released from the upper reservoirs to the power station located at the lower reservoir. The pump-generators re-fill the reservoirs and the process repeats as needed. The Chiotas' upper reservoir, Lago del Chiotas, is located much higher in the valley and larger than Rovina's Lago della Rovina which affords it the ability to produce more electricity. The installed capacity of Chiotas is 1,184 MW with a hydraulic head (water drop in elevation) of 1,048 m (3,438 ft) while Rovina has an installed capacity of 133.67 MW and a head of 598 m (1,962 ft). Construction on the plant began in 1962 and operations started in 1982.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,184,000 n/a Entracque, Cuneo, Italy Operational
Thumb_imaichi Imaichi Pumped Storage Power Station

The Imaichi dam serves as the lower reservoir for the 1,050 MW Imaichi Pumped Storage Power Station, while the Kuriyama Dam forms the upper. Its reservoir can store 9,100,000 m3 (7,377 acre·ft) of water. Of that storage volume, 6,200,000 m3 (5,026 acre·ft) can be used for power generation. The power plant operates using the pump-storage hydroelectric method. During periods of high electricity demand, water is sent from the upper Kuriyama Reservoir to the power plant which contains 3 x 350 MW Francis pump turbines. Water discharged from the power plant then enters the Imaichi Reservoir. When demand is low, the pump-generators reverse mode and pump water from the lower reservoir back up to the upper.

Head = 524 meters

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,050,000 7:10.00 Togawa River, Nikkō, Tochigi, Japan Operational
Thumb_matanoagawa Matanogawa Pumped Storage Power Station

The Matanogawa Pumped Storage Power station, or Matano River Power Plant, generates electricity by using about 500m drop from the upper pond in the Okayama prefecture Shinjo village to the lower reservoir in the Tottori Prefecture Kofu-cho.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,200,000 n/a Hino-gun armory, Kōfu, Tottori 1990-1, Japan Operational
Thumb_img_1043 eCamion Toronto Hydro Energy Storage Project

eCAMION established a consortium including University of Toronto, Toronto Hydro, and Dow Kokam with Sustainable Development Technology Canada to commercialise energy storage.

We design safe smart energy storage units to meet the most demanding applications. All of our units are modular and scalable by optimizing new battery chemistries as well as repurposed vehicle batteries. Each unit has an integrated Battery Management System (BMS), advanced electronics and intelligent controls to maintain its safe operation.

eCAMION integrates and manufacturers advanced lithium-ion battery solutions that are flexible, scalable and modular. We target power utilities with our 500 kW/250kWh Community Energy Storage [CES] to alleviate aging infrastructure and grid problems.

Lithium Ion Battery 500 3:00.00 Roding Avenue, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Operational
Thumb_sardar_sarovar Sardar Sarovar Pumped Storage Power Station

The dam's main power plant houses six 200 MW Francis pump-turbines to generate electricity and afford a pumped-storage capability. Additionally, a power plant on the intake for the main canal contains five 50 MW Kaplan turbine-generators. The total installed capacity of the power facilities is 1,450 MW.

The power would be shared by three states - Madhya Pradesh - 57%, Maharashtra - 27% and Gujarat 16%. This will provide a useful peaking power to western grid of the country which has very limited hydro power production at present.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,450,000 n/a Navagam, Gujarat, India Operational
Thumb_graphic_bonaire Bonaire Wind-Diesel Hybrid

EcoPower Bonaire BV, a consortium of Econcern, Enercon, and MAN has developed a wind-diesel hybrid power generating system on the island of Bonaire, which utilizes 3000 kW of battery energy storage.

Nickel Cadmium Battery 3,000 0:05.00 Kralendijk, Bonaire, Netherlands Antilles Operational
Thumb_tamahara Tamahara Pumped Storage Power Station

The Tamahara Powerplant is located 14 km (9 mi) north of Numata.

Power is generated during periods of high energy demand and pumping occurs during times when energy demand is low such as at night. The power station contains four 300 MW reversible Francis turbine pump-generators which serve to both pump water and generate electricity.

Effective hydraulic head: 518 m

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,200,000 n/a Tamahara Dam, Numata, Gunma Prefecture, Japan Operational
Roncovalgrande (Lago Delio) Hydroelectric Plant

The Roncovalgrande Hydroelectric Plant, also known as the Delio Hydroelectric Plant, is located 3 km (2 mi) north of Maccagno in the Province of Varese, Lombardy, Italy.

At the power plant, eight four-stage Pelton turbine-generators generate electricity. Power generation occurs during periods of high energy demand and when energy demand is low, pumping usually occur. The pumps are on the same shaft as the Pelton turbines and send water from the lower to the upper reservoir to serve as stored energy. In the future, this water is sent back down to the power station and the process repeats. The difference in elevation between the upper and lower reservoirs affords a hydraulic head of 736.25 m (2,416 ft) and Lago Delio has a usable storage capacity of 10,000,000 m3 (8,107 acre·ft).

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,000,000 n/a Lake Maggiore, Maccagno, Varese, Italy Operational
Thumb_presenzano Domenico Cimarosa (Presenzano) Hydroelectric Plant

The Presenzano Hydroelectric Plant, officially known as the Domenico Cimarosa Hydroelectric Plant, is located along the Volturno River in Presenzano, Province of Caserta, Italy.

Power is generated by releasing water from the upper Cesima reservoir down to the power plant which contains four reversible 250 MW Francis pump-turbine-generators. After power production, the water is sent to the lower reservoir. During periods of low energy demand, the same pump-generators pump water from the lower reservoir back to the upper where it becomes stored energy. The difference in elevation between both the upper and lower affords a hydraulic head of 495 m (1,624 ft).

The approximate cost for the construction of the plant is around 1,000 billion lire.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,000,000 n/a Presenzano, Caserta, Italy Operational
Thumb_1027ab06953p Shin-Takasegawa Pumped Storage Station

The Shin-Takasegawa Pumped Storage Station uses the Takase River to operate a pumped storage hydroelectric scheme about 12 km (7 mi) west of Ōmachi in Nagano Prefecture, Japan.

The power plant has a 1,280 MW installed capacity, utilizing four 320 MW Francis turbine-generators, and its upper reservoir is created by the Takase Dam, a rock-fill dam — which at 176 m (577 ft) in height is the tallest of its type in Japan.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,280,000 n/a Nakanura Dam, Ōmachi, Nagano, Japan Operational
Thumb_tongbai Tongbai Pumped Storage

The Tongbai project in Zhejiang Province was built to increase generating capacity and improve load regulating capability. The development uses an existing upper reservoir and involved construction of a new lower reservoir and an underground powerhouse. The powerhouse contains four 306-MW reversible pump-turbines at a net head of 244 meters. Two penstocks each supply two units. A tailrace tunnel leads from each unit to the lower reservoir. Each tailrace tunnel is equipped with an emergency gate.

The project was funded by Shenergy Co., Ltd. (20%), Shanghai Electric Power Co., Ltd. (17%), State Power East China Company (10%), Zhejiang Electric Power Company (25%), Zhejiang Electric Power Development Company (23%) and Tiantai Water & Electric Power Development Company (5%).

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,224,000 n/a Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China Operational
Thumb_xilongchi01 Xilongchi Pumped Storage Power Station

The Xilongchi pumped storage power plant (output: 1,224 MW) in China started commercial operation. This plant, which takes advantage of a large difference in elevation of around 700 meters, was delivered as the first pumped storage power plant in China by a consortium of Japanese companies. Its main feature is that although it uses a high elevation drop and is designed for high output, it generates very little noise or vibration. Pumped storage power generation works by pumping water to a higher elevation during slack periods and using the stored water to generate electricity during high-demand periods. In this way it is able to match supply to demand, and this station is contributing to the stable supply of electricity to the Huabei region, including Beijing.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,200,000 n/a Taiyuan, Shanxi, China Operational
Thumb_web-e-sp_pulte_las_vegas_4_copy UNLV RDSI Demonstration Project

The UNLV project is unique among RDSI projects in its highly aggressive goal for reduction in peak electricity demand. The 65% reduction goal1 at the feeder/substation level is more than four times higher than the minimum goal set by DOE for these projects.

To achieve this ambitious objective, UNLV and its partners plan to design and build a new housing development of approximately 180 homes that are designed from the ground up for energy efficiency and incorporation of advanced energy technology. In the planned “Villa Trieste” community in Las Vegas, the homes will feature roof-integrated 1.76-2.43 kW photovoltaic (PV) systems, tankless water heaters, Energy Star appliances, low-E windows, advanced meters, advanced automated appliances and thermostat controls, and advanced in-home displays of energy use. Outside the home, the project will also incorporate demonstrations to overcome electricity grid integration, control, and communications issues. This includes advanced wireless mesh network technology, battery energy storage at the substation, and a research component on how customers interact with in-home energy technologies. The RDSI project complements a larger project recently awarded funding by DOE under the Smart Grid Investment Grant program.

9 units - Silent Power On Demand Energy Appliances (9.2 kW/8.8kWh each Saft Li-ion batteries) for peak shaving and PV integration sized for individual homes.

Lithium Ion Battery 9 0:57.00 Las Vegas, Nevada, United States Under Construction
Thumb_cheongpyeong_pumped_hydro_power_plant Cheongpyeong Pumped Hydro Power Plant

Cheongpyeong Pumped Storage Power Plant is the first hydroelectric plant built in South Korea in 1980, and owned and operated by the Korea Southern Power Co., Ltd (KOSPO), subsidiary of the Korea Electric Power Corporation (KEPCO). It consists of two reversible turbines that can generate maximum 400MW of electricity, and a massive underground facility. The power plant was built to quickly respond to failure of main power plants and to secure reserve sources of power. The turbines and generators are located 350 meters underground and the water flows from the upper reservoir to the lower reservoir that are separated by vertical distance of 480 meters. The existing Cheongpyeong lake is currently being used as the lower reservoir while the the Homyeong reservoir was constructed for use as the upper reservoir.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 400,000 6:00.00 Gapyeong-gun , Gyeonggi-do , Korea, South Operational
Thumb_samrangjin_pumped_hydro Samrangjin Pumped Hydro Power Plant

Following the construction of of the first pumped hydro power plant in Cheongpyeong, Samrangjin Pumped Hydro Power Plant is the second pumped hydro power plant in Korea with output power capacity exceeding Cheongpyeong by 200MW. Unlike Cheongpyeong, Samrangjin project built a lower reservoir named Chuntaechun by damming a tributary of Nakdong River. The rigorous construction resulted in 6,578 meters of tunnel inside the facility.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 600,000 6:00.00 Milyang, Gyeongsangnam-do , Korea, South Operational
Thumb_220px-shintoyone-1229-r1 Shin Toyone Pumped Storage

The Shintoyone pumped storage project was implemented utilizing the existing Sakuma Reservoir as its lower reservoir. Two 1,884m-long headrace tunnels connect water in the Shintoyone Reservoir to the underground powerhouse which was constructed adjacent to the Sakuma Reservoir without lowering the water level in the reservoir. The powerhouse has an installed capacity of 1,125MW
with a head of 203m.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,125,000 n/a Toyone, Aichi, Japan Operational
Thumb_siah_bishe Siah Bishe Pumped Storage Power Plant

The Siah Bisheh Pumped Storage Power Plant, also spelled Siyāhbisheh and Siah Bishe, is located in the Alborz Mountain range near the village of Siah Bisheh and 48 km (30 mi) south of Chalus in Mazandaran Province, Iran. The power plant uses the pumped-storage hydroelectric method to generate electricity during periods of high energy demand, making it a peaking power plant, intended to fulfill peak electricity demand in Tehran 60 km (37 mi) to the south. When complete it will have an installed generating capacity of 1,040 MW and a pumping capacity of 940 MW. Planning for the project began in the 1970s and construction began in 1985. It was delayed from 1992 until 2001 and the first generator went online in May 2013 with an installed capacity of 260 MW. The remaining generators should be commissioned by the end of 2013.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,040,000 n/a Siah Bisheh, Mazandaran, Iran Operational
Minghu Pumped Storage

The Minghu Pumped Storage Powerplant is on the Shuili River located 7 km (4 mi) north of Shuili in Nantou County, Taiwan.

During periods of low demand, such as at night, when electricity is cheap, water is pumped to Sun Moon Lake. When energy demand is high, water is released down to the power station for power generation. This is accomplished by four 252 MW Francis pump-turbine-generators which are reversible and serve to both pump water and generate electricity. The power plant has an installed capacity of 1,008 MW. Mingtan Dam, located downstream serves as the lower reservoir for another pump-storage project with an installed capacity of 1,602 MW.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,008,000 n/a Sun Moon Lake, Shuili, Nantou, Taiwan Operational
Thumb_taian Tai'an Pumped Storage Power Station

The Tai'an Pumped Storage Power Station has been built to service the Shangdong Power Grid in Northeast China.

Estimated Cost: 4.326 billion yuan

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,000,000 n/a Tai'an, Shandong, China Operational
Thumb_xiang Xiangshuijian (响水涧抽水蓄能电站) Pumped Storage Power Station

The station lies in the border of Sanshan Region, in Wuhu City of Anhui Province, nearby the load center of East China Power Grid. Dynamic investment in the station amounts to 3.8 billion yuan. Its total installed capacity is 1000MW and designed annual energy output 1762GWh and annual corresponding energy consumed for pumping water 2274GWh.

The power station consists of upper reservoir, lower reservoir, water conveyance system, underground powerhouse and a ground substation etc. A dam creating the upper reservoir is a reinforced concrete facing rockfill one with the maximum height of 89.5m. The reservoir’s normal storage water level is 222m and a total storage capacity 17.48 million m3. The lower reservoir is formed by excavating lower-lying land in a valley and building a dam with the maximum height 21.5m. Its normal storage water level is 14.6m and total storage capacity 14.35 million m3.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jixi_Pumped_Storage_Power_Station

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,000,000 n/a Wuhu City, Anhui , China Operational
Thumb_yixing01 Yixing Pumped Storage

The Yixing Pumped Storage Project for China's development objective is to increase the overall efficiency of the power sector in Jiangsu Province in two ways: a) design and implementation of a restructuring of the power sector to further competition at the generation level and to provide large consumers access to generators, and b) construction of a pumped storage plant (4 x 250 MW) in Yixing to ease acute peaking problems and improve the generation mix that will create the conditions for more flexible dispatch and improved supply reliability an essential requirement for well-functioning competitive markets. The project components are: 1) construction of the Yinxing pumped storage power plant, a new upper reservoir, new main dam and subsidiary dam, and the underground powerhouse; 2) assistance to the restructuring of the power sector; and 3) construction of a double circuit transmission line to connect the Yixing pumped storage plant to the East China 500 KV network.

Static investment in the power station is 3.985 billion RMB yuan and dynamic investment 4.763 billion RMB yuan including the loan of US$ 145 million from the World Bank.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,000,000 n/a Yixing, Jiangsu, China Operational
Thumb_sancheong_pumped_hydro Sancheong Pumped Storage Power Plant

KOREA Hydro and Nuclear Power Co, a power generation subsidiary of Korea Electric Power Company (KEPCO) began construction of a new 700MW hydroelectric power project in Sancheong, South Korea, in February 1995 and the construction was complete in November of 2011. The pumped storage project is located upstream on the Deokcheon River in the province of Gyeongsangnam-do.

Civil work for the US$559.5M scheme was carried out by a consortium of Sambu Construction Industrial Company and Doosan Heavy Industries and Construction Company, both Korean companies. Alstom S.A. and Doosan provided two 350MW reversible pump turbines.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 700,000 9:06.00 Sancheong-gun, Gyeongsangnam-do , Korea, South Operational
Thumb_muju_pumped_storage Muju pumped storage power plant

KOREA Hydro and Nuclear Power Co, a power generation subsidiary of Korea Electric Power Company (KEPCO) began construction of a new 600MW hydroelectric power project in Muju-gun, South Korea, in May 1988 and the construction was complete in May of 1995. The pumped storage project is located upstream on the Gwemok Stream in the province of Jeollabuk-do. Muju plant is the third pumped-hydro power plant constructed in Korea to support rapidly developing economy of Korea. The location of Muju power plant is ideal to supply power to five surrounding states of South Korea.

Civil work for the US$268.8M scheme was carried out by a consortium of Dongah Construction Industrial Company and Doosan Heavy Industries and Construction Company, both Korean companies. Alstom S.A. provided two 300MW reversible pump turbines.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 600,000 7:20.00 Muju-gun, Jeollabuk-do, Korea, South Operational
Thumb_ffestiniog2 Ffestiniog Pumped Hydro Power Plant

Commissioned in 1963, Ffestiniog Power Station was the UK's first major pumped storage power facility. Although of an older generation to those at Dinorwig, Ffestiniog's four generating units are still capable of achieving a combined output of 360MW of electricity - enough to supply the entire power needs of North Wales for several hours.

The Generation Cycle begins at Llyn Stwlan - Ffestiniog's upper reservoir. Large screens inside the intake towers are opened to activate the high-pressure downflow.

27 cubic metres of water per second are discharged through two high-pressure shafts (each 200 metres in depth), which are connected to four concrete-lined tunnels. Steel penstocks then direct the discharge into the station via inlet pipes and valves to start generation.

Water is captured in Tan-y-Grisiau and pumped back to Llyn Stwlan, usually overnight, to complete the cycle.

Source: http://www.fhc.co.uk/ffestiniog.htm

Closed Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 360,000 6:00.00 Ffestiniog, Gwynedd , United Kingdom Operational
Thumb_kannagawa Kannagawa Hydropower Plant No.1, No. 2

The Kannagawa Hydropower Plant (神流川発電所) is partially operational. This entry details the current installed capacity of the plant with 1 470 MW pump commissioned in 2005 and the second commissioned in 2012. See Kannagawa Hydro Power Plant (2019 Expansion) for details on later commission dates and capacity.

The power plant utilizes the Minamiaiki River along with an upper and lower reservoir created by two dams, the upper Minamiaiki Dam and the lower Ueno Dam. The power station in between the two dams will contain six 470 MW pump-generators for a total installed capacity of 2,820 MW. When completed, the plant will have the second-largest (after Bath County Pumped Storage Station) pumped-storage power capacity in the world.

The company says Units 1 and 2 are the first in the world to use a "split runner," which enables simultaneous operation of both the pump and turbine blade. Co-developed with Toshiba, the technology increases the output by 20 MW per unit.

http://www.jepic.or.jp/en/data/EPIJJapanData.pdf

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 940,000 n/a Minamiaiki, Nagano, Japan Operational
Thumb_dniester Dniester Pumped Storage Power Station

The Dniester Pumped Storage Power Station is a pumped storage hydroelectric scheme that uses the Dniester River 8 km (5 mi) northeast of Sokyriany in Chernivtsi Oblast, Ukraine. Currently, one of the seven 324 MW generators is operational and when complete, the power station will have an installed capacity of 2,268 MW. During pumping, the power station will consume a maximum of 2,947 MW.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 2,268,000 n/a Sokyriany, Chernivtsi Oblast, Ukraine Under Construction
Jixi (绩溪抽水蓄能电站) Pumped Storage Power Station

The Jixi Pumped Storage Power Station is a pumped-storage hydroelectric power station currently under construction in Jixi County, Anhui Province, China. Studies were carried out in 2008 and construction began in December 2010. It is expected to last 6 years.

The power station will contain six 300 MW Francis pump turbine-generators.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,800,000 n/a Fuling, Anhui, China Under Construction
Thumb_kazunogawa Kazunogawa Pumped Storage Power Station

The Kazunogawa Dam (葛野川ダム) uses water from the Sagami River system to power an 800 MW pumped storage hydroelectric scheme. It is located 18 km (11 mi) east of Kōshū in Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan.

When energy demand is high, water from the upper reservoir is released down to the underground power station via a single 3.3 km (2 mi) long headrace tunnel which splits into two 1.8 km (1 mi) tunnels before each separate into two 620 m (2,034 ft) long penstocks. Each penstock feeds a single reversible 400 MW Francis turbine-generator with water before it is released into a 3.3 km (2 mi) long tailrace tunnel which discharges into the lower reservoir, created by the Kazunogawa Dam. When energy demand is low and therefore inexpensive, the turbines reverse into pumps and send water from the lower reservoir back to the upper reservoir. The process is repeated when necessary to help balance electricity loads. The difference in elevation between the upper and lower reservoirs affords an effective hydraulic head of 714 m (2,343 ft) and maximum of 779 m (2,556 ft).

There are currently two expansion projects that are taking place including listed separately as Kazunogawa (No.3) Pump Expansion and Kazunogawa (No.4) Pump Expansion.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kazunogawa_Pumped_Storage_Power_Station

http://www.industcards.com/ps-japan.htm

http://www.jepic.or.jp/en/data/EPIJJapanData.pdf

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 800,000 n/a Kōshū, Yamanashi, Japan Operational
Thumb_liyang Liyang Pumped Storage Power Station

The Liyang Pumped Storage Power Station is a pumped-storage hydroelectric power station currently under construction 22 km (14 mi) south of Liyang in Jiangsu Province, eastern China. Project completion is projected for 2016.

The powerhouse accommodates 6 sets of 250MW single-stage, vertical-shaft, single-speed, reversible Francis pump-turbine motor-generator units.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,500,000 n/a Tianmu Lake, Jiangsu, China Under Construction
Foyers Pumped Storage Power Station

"Located on the southeast shore of Loch Ness, 19 miles (30 km) SSW of Inverness, Foyers is primarily a pumped-storage power station with a small amount of conventional hydro-electric capacity. Pumped-storage involves raising water to a high reservoir during off-peak periods and releasing it later to generate additional power during times of peak demand. The scheme was redeveloped to focus on pumped-storage in 1969, having been purchased by the Hydro Board from the British Aluminium Company (BAC). The scheme was originally built by BAC in 1896 and was the first large-scale commercial hydro-electric scheme in the UK, used to power an aluminium smelter also located here until this closed in 1967. BAC created a reservoir by joining two small lochs to form Loch Mhor, which lies 179m (587 feet) above Loch Ness and 2 miles (3 km) distant.

During the redevelopment, a modest 5-MW turbine was installed in the original power station building to replace the original plant and provide pure hydro-electric generation, while the tunnels and pipes which carried the water were reused. The River Fechlin was diverted into Loch Mhor to provide additional water and, to support the pumped-storage system, new tunnels and a further power station were built close to Boleskine House, made famous by the psychic experiments of Aleister Crowley in the late 19th C.

Water travels to and from Foyers through a near horizontal low pressure tunnel 2743m (9000 feet) in length, joining a vertical high pressure shaft and tunnel, with a surge shaft above. The high pressure shaft is 112.8m (370 feet) deep and feeds into a horizontal tunnel 117.3m (385 feet) long which then divides into two smaller tunnels 315.2m (1034 feet) long - the last 95.7m (314 feet) sloping down to the turbines.

A new power station was built to house two 150 MW (204,000 horse-power) Francis generation-motor sets, each weighing 914 tonnes, with 5m (16 feet) wide turbine blades, amongst the largest in Europe. The generators each occupy pits 36m (118 feet) in depth on the shore of Loch Ness, with 100 cubic metres (3531 cubic feet) of water passing through each turbine and out into the loch every second during generation. The turbines can be brought from a standstill to full power output in less than two minutes, which makes the station extremely responsive to demand. The new scheme became fully operational in 1975.

The scheme has a total capacity of 305 MW and is run by the privatised Scottish & Southern Energy Plc, headquartered in Perth, which has an annual turnover of £2.3 billion (2006)."

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 300,000 n/a Loch Ness, Highland, United Kingdom Operational
Thumb_bhira_mulshi-lake-_-dam Bhira Pumped Storage Hydro Plant

Bhira, located about 150 km from Mumbai, was the third hydropower plant installed by The Tata Power Company Ltd. (TPCL) in 1927. Bhira power station with a 6 x 25 MW generating units (double overhang Pelton turbines), along with other hydro and thermal power stations forms a vital link in sustaining the industrial activity of Mumbai-Pune region of Maharashtra state. Realizing the crucial importance of peaking assistance to the grid, Tata Power had installed a pumped storage unit as an extension to the existing Bhira hydro power station. The Bhira pumped storage unit is the single largest such unit in India and is perhaps the only pumped storage unit operating in both pumping and generation mode in India at the time of its commissioning.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 150,000 n/a Bhira, Maharashitra, India Operational
Thumb_111_projects_ghatghar_dam2 Ghatghar Pumped Storage Hydroelectric Power Plant

Having started in 1994, the Ghatagr Dams Project, due for completion in 2005, is the first major dam construction in India to use fly ash as a major constituent.

Funded by the Overseas Economic Cooperation Fund (OECF) of Japan, the £40 million Ghatghar Pumped Storage Scheme is also the first of its kind in the Maharashtra State being undertaken by the State Government's Irrigation Department.

The scheme involves the construction of two reservoirs. Both upper and lower reservoirs are constructed in Roller Compacted Concrete (RCC). This is the first time this method has been used in India. The water transmission system consists of an approach channel, intake structure and a pressure shaft that will take the water to the underground turbine house to feed two reversible units. The tailrace discharge from the turbine house is taken through the common tailrace tunnel to the lower pond.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 250,000 n/a Ghatghar, Maharashitra, India Operational
Thumb_kadamparai-dam Kadamparai Hydroelectric Pumped Storage Power Plant

Also in the south, the 400MW Kadamparai pumped storage plant came up in Tamilnadu state during the years 1987-89. It is located on a river of the same name and utilises the base created for the earlier 60MW Aliyar project. An upper reservoir had to be created by construction of a masonry-earthen dam. Its underground power house has four vertical Francis reversible units rated at 102MW, with generators of 100MW. The first unit was supplied by Boving and GE of the UK, while the latter collaborated with India's BHEL to supply the other three units, all of mixed type.
The Kadamparai Pumped Storage Hydro Electric station (4 x100 MW) in Coimbatore District was commissioned in the year 1986 and is the first of its kind in the country to operate both in operation and pumping mode since 1987. In this Power House the off peak energy is utilized to pump water to the upper reservoir and during peak hours the Power House is put in generation mode.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 400,000 n/a Coimbature, Tamil Nadu, India Operational
Purulia Pumped Storage Hydroelectric Power Plant

"Purulia Pumped Storage Project of West Bengal State Electricity Distribution Company Ltd (WBSEDCL) envisaged 4 units of 224 MW each. This project can generate 900 MW power instantly by discharging stored water from Upper dam to Lower Dam through reversible pump-turbine and generator motor. The project located in Ajodhya Hills in Bagmundi village of Purulia district was commissioned in February 2008 and was dedicated to the nation by the Buddhadeb Bhattercharjee, Chief Minister of West Bengal on 6th April 2008. The project cost of Rs 2,953 crore is funded as a loan assistance from the Japan Bank for International Cooperation. The entire Power house was constructed under the hills, by gauging out the rocky hills of Purulia , with access through a kilometer long tunnel. HCC- L&T JV carried out a major portion of the project under contract from M/s TAISEI, one of the Japanese Contractors. HVAC System for
the entire project was carried out by Aircon Group under sub-contract from HCC- L&T JV."

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 900,000 6:00.00 Purulia, West Bengal, India Operational
Qingyuan Pumped Storage Power Station

CSG Power Generation Company, a group company of China Southern Power Grid Co. Ltd., is developing the 1,280 MW Qingyuan Pumped-Storage Power Station in Guangdong Province. The powerhouse will contain four 320 MW units consisting of pump-turbines, motor-generators, and associated equipment. The first unit at Qingyuan is expected to be commissioned in October 2014.

The project's dynamic total investment is approximately 5 billion yuan.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,280,000 9:00.00 Qingyuan, Guangdong, China Under Construction
Thumb_tehri_pumped_hydro Tehri Pumped Storage Hydroelectric Power Plant

Tehri PSP comprising of four reversible pump turbine units of 250 MW each, involves construction of an Underground Machine Hall on the left bank of river Bhagirathi. The main feature of the Project is the large variation of about 90 m between the maximum and minimum head, under which the reversible units shall operate. The operation of Tehri PSP is based on the concept of recycling of water discharged between upper reservoir to lower reservoir. The Tehri Dam reservoir shall function as the upper reservoir and Koteshwar reservoir as the lower balancing reservoir. On completion, additional generating capacity of 1000 MW, peaking power, will be added to the Northern Region (annual generation of 1268 million units).

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,000,000 n/a Tehri, Uttarakhand , India Operational
Hongping Pumped Storage Power Station

The power station will contain eight pumped storage units, each with an output of 300 megawatts (MW). During the initial development phase, which is due to be completed in 2015, the plant will supply 1,200 MW of power. Hongping will generate 2,400 MW of power once fully developed, making it one of the largest pumped storage plants in the world.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 2,400,000 n/a Hongping, Jiangxi, China Under Construction
Xianyou Pumped Storage Power Station

The station will have four 300MW vertical Francis reversible generating units for a planned annual power output of about 1.9 billion kilowatt-hours and an annual utilization of 1580hrs.

The first unit of State Grid Corporation of China's (SGCC) (Beijing) Xianyou Pump-Storage Power Station was connected to the grid on December 22, 2012.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,200,000 n/a Xianyou, Fujian, China Under Construction
Upper Cisokan Pumped Storage Power Plant

The objective of the Upper Cisokan Pumped Storage (UCPS) Power Project for Indonesia is to significantly increase the peaking capacity of the power generation system in Java-Bali in an environmentally and socially sustainable way and strengthen the institutional capacity of the project implementing entity Perusahaan Listrik Negara (PLN) in hydropower planning, development and operation.

The plant will utilize four 260 MW pump-turbine generating units.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,040,000 n/a Bandung, West Java, Indonesia Under Construction
Thumb_linth-limm Linth–Limmern Pumped Storage Scheme

The Linth–Limmern Power Stations are a system of hydroelectric power stations located south of Linthal in the canton of Glarus, Switzerland. Using five reservoirs and three power stations at steep variations in altitude, the scheme currently has an installed capacity of 479.8 MW, 140 MW of which comes from a pump-generator at the Tierfehd power station. Construction on the Limmern Dam and Linth–Limmern Power Stations began in 1957. The Limmern Dam was complete in 1963 and the power stations were all operational by 1968. In 2009, the 140 MW pumped-storage component between Lake Limmern and Tierfehd was commissioned. In 2010 construction began on the Linthal 2015 project, which is the addition of a 1,000 MW pumped-storage component between Lake Mutt and Lake Limmern. This also includes an expansion of Lake Mutt and the Tierfehd Balancing Reservoir.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 480,000 n/a Lake Timmern, Glarus, Switzerland Under Construction
Thumb_alqueva_dam Alqueva Pumped Hydro Storage Power Plant

The Alqueva Dam is an arch dam and the center-piece of the Alqueva Mutlipurpose Project. It impounds the River Guadiana, on the border of Beja and Évora Districts in south of Portugal. The dam takes its name from the town of Alqueva to its right bank. It creates a large reservoir with an inter-annual regulation capacity from which water may be distributed throughout the region. The dam was completed in 2002 and its reservoir was full in 2012. The 520 MW power station was commissioned in two stages, stage I in 2004 and stage II in 2013. The Alqueva Dam constitutes one of the largest dams and artificial lakes (250 km²) in Western Europe.

In 2004, the first stage of the hydroelectric power station was commissioned, with a capacity of 260 megawatts. The second stage, with an additional 260 MW, was commissioned in 2013. The power station contains four 129.6 MW reversible Francis turbines. With these turbines, the power station is afforded a pumped-storage capability. Power is generated during high demand periods and at times of low demand, the turbines reverse and pump water from a much smaller reservoir below the dam back into the main reservoir. Pedrogao Dam forms the lower reservoir.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 520,000 n/a Moura, Evora, Portugal Operational
Thumb_kirchentellinsfurt Kirchentellinsfurt Hydroelectric Power Plant

The Kirchentellinsfurt Hydroelectric Power Plant on the Neckar River went into operation in 1926 and incorporates both a traditional hydroelectric plant and a pumped storage plant. The 1.3 MW pumped storage power station sits 1 kilometer North of and 130 m lower than the 1.2 MW traditional hydroelectric power station.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,300 n/a Einsiedel, Baden-Württemberg, Germany Operational
Thumb_erzhausen Erzhausen Pumped Storage Power Plant

The pumped storage power plant Erzhausen in Lower Saxony was commissioned in 1964 after a ten-year construction phase by PreussenElektra (later called E.ON). At the beginning of 2009 Statkraft took over the pumped-storage power plant Erzhausen which has an installed capacity of 220 MW. The yearly electricity generation is variable and dependent on the electricity demand.

The Erzhausen pumped storage power plant works with four Francis-Spiral turbines and is primarily used for peak power needs as well as to support the power frequency.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 220,000 4:40.00 Unterbecken, Erzhausen, Lower Saxony, Germany Operational
Thumb_glems Glems Pumped Storage Power Plant

The Glems Pumped Storage Power Station was acquired by EnBW in 2003. It's capacity of 90 MW comes from two Francis Turbines rated at 45 MW each. The maximum power in pumping mode is 68 MW. While the plant can generate for 6.5 hours before emptying the upper reservoir, the plant's two pumps take 11 hours completely fill the upper reservoir back up again.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 90,000 6:30.00 Glems-unterbecken, Metzingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany Operational
Thumb_happurg Happurg Pumped Storage Power Plant

The Happurg Pumped Storage Power Plant utilizes four Francis turbine sets and a 209 meter elevation drop between the upper reservoir and the lower basin, Happurger Lake.

In January 2011, the upper reservoir began to leak. Its water was drained into the lower lying lake and owner/operator E·ON found that the reservoir was in need of an overhaul. The rehabilitation project is currently underway and the power plant is expected to return to operation in 2017.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 160,000 5:37.00 Hauptstraße 26, Happurg, Bavaria 91230, Germany Offline/Under Repair
Thumb_langenprozelten Langenprozelten Pumped Storage Power Plant

The Langenprozelten Pumped Storage Station is a pumped storage power power station near Gemünden am Main at the Main in the under-Frankish district Main Spessart (Bavaria), which went in service in 1976. The hydro-electric power plant has an output of 164 MW. It uses two Francis turbines. The upper reservoir is nearly 300 meters higher than the lower reservoir and is connected with ist by one for about 1.3 km long pipes. The maximum head is 320 m. The upper reservoir has a capacity of approximately 1.5 millions m³.

The Langenprozelten Pumped Storage Station produces only traction current and is an important peak load power station in the traction network for railways. The maximum energy store ability amounts to 950 MWh. In the lower reservoir, waters of a creek are accumulated. The creek mostly leads no water in the summer. Therefore, if necessary, water is pumped from a further retention basin, which is situated 1.2 km below the lower reservoir. Both dams (of upper and lower reservoir) are rockfill embankment dams with an asphaltic concrete external sealing.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 164,000 5:48.00 Am Sindersbach 25, Gemünden, Bavaria 97737, Germany Operational
Thumb_leitzachwerke1 Leitzachwerk I

Leitzachwerk 1 was originally built as a traditional hydroelectric power plant and commissioned in 1913, making use of the waters of the Leitzach, a tributary of the Mangfall, and the recently dammed Seehamer Lake. The plant was then converted into a pumped storage power plant between 1927 and 1929. This pumped storage plant was later shut down and replaced by today's power plant, which was built between 1980 and 1983 and has a rated capacity of 49 MW. In pumping mode, the power plant requires 45.4 MW.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 49,000 11:15.00 Seehamer See, Vagen, Bavaria, Germany Operational
Thumb_leitzachwerke_2 Leitzachwerk II

Between 1958 and 1960, a second pumped storage power plant was added near Leitzachwerk 1 on Seehamer Lake. While Leitzachwerk 1 uses Francis turbines to generate electricity, the Leitzachwerk 2 plant uses two Kaplan turbines rated at 24.6 MW each.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 49,200 11:15.00 Seehamer See, Vagen, Bavaria, Germany Operational
Thumb_ruselkraftwerke Ruselkraftwerke Power Plant

The Rusel Power Plant scheme incorporates a diesel power station, a traditional hydroelectric power station, and a pumped storage power station utilizing two turbines rated at 1.75 MW each. The power complex as a whole has a rated capacity of 39 MW.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 3,500 n/a Deggendorf-Mietraching, Bavaria, Germany Operational
Thumb_reisach Reisach Pumped Storage Power Station

Reisach Pumped Storage Power Station belongs to the Jansen Power Plant Group, which utilizes the waters of the Pfreimd and includes two other hydroelectric power plants, Tanzmühle and Trausnitz. This group was recently acquired by the GDF Suez subsidiary Electrabel from the previous owner, E·ON.
Reisach and Tanzmühle are both capable of pumping water into and drawing water from the same upper basin, Rabenleite Reservoir.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 99,000 3:00.00 Seestraße 6, Trausnitz, Bavaria 09655 741, Germany Operational
DOD Marine Corps Air Station Miramar Microgrid Energy Storage System

-Primus Power, a leader in multi-megawatt, multi-hour, grid-scale electrical energy storage, was awarded a contract by Raytheon’s Integrated Defense Systems (IDS) business to deliver and support an electrical energy storage system for a microgrid at the Marine Corps Air Station (MCAS) in Miramar, California. Primus will work closely with Raytheon as part of the "Zinc Bromide Flow Battery Installation for Islanding and Backup Power" project funded by the Department of Defense Environmental Security Technology Certification Program (ESCTP).

At MCAS Miramar a Primus Power 250 kW - 1 MWh Primus EnergyPodTM will be integrated with an existing 230 kW photovoltaic system. The combined microgrid system will demonstrate several capabilities including reducing peak electrical demand typically experienced in weekday afternoons and providing power to critical military systems when grid power is not available. The DoD is adopting microgrids at stationary bases to sustain operations independent of what is happening on the larger utility grid. Primus Power’s energy storage systems can shift, shape and firm electricity.
- Business Wire "Primus Power Receives Department of Defense Energy Storage System Demonstration Contract";

Zinc Bromine Redox Flow Battery 250 4:00.00 MCAS Miramar, San Diego, California, United States Under Construction
Thumb_ronkhausen Rönkhausen Pumped Storage Power Plant

Rönkhausen is an underground power plant containing two Francis turbines rated at 70 MW each. It rests between two artificial reservoirs, which are fed by the Glingebach, a tributary of the Lenne.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 140,000 4:55.00 Finnentrop, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany Operational
Thumb_schwarzenbachtalsperre Schwarzenbach Pumped Storage Power Plant

Commissioned in 1926, Schwarzenbach is the largest of four hydroelectric power stations known together as Rudolf-Fettweis-Werk. It is the only pumped storage power station of the four, and it contains two Pelton turbines.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 44,000 4:30.00 Schwarzenbachtalsperre, Forbach, Baden-Württemberg, Germany Operational
Thumb_sorp Sorpesee Pumped Storage Power Plant

Commissioned in 1935, the pumped storage power plant at the Sorpesee Reservoir uses two reversible Francis pump-turbines to produce electricity during the day and pump water into the reservoir at night for storage.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 7,420 n/a Sorpetalsperre, Hochsauerlandkreis, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany Operational
Thumb_tanzm_hle Tanzmühle Pumped Storage Power Plant

Tanzmühle is a combined pumped storage and traditional power plant in the town of Tännesberg along the River Pfreimd in the Oberpfälzer Forest. The traditional hydroelectric component is rated at 3.3 MW while the pumped storage component is rated at 35 MW while generating and 25 MW while pumping. The plant is a member of the Jansen Power Plant Group, which utilizes the waters of the Pfreimd and includes two other hydroelectric power plants, Reisach and Trausnitz.

Tanzmühle is connected via tunnel to two elevated reservoirs, the off-stream Rabenleite Reservoir and the Kainzmühl Reservoir, which is created by a dam upstream on the Pfreimd. This allows Tanzmühle to draw water from one reservoir to generate electricity and pump it up to the other reservoir for storage. The plant's traditional hydroelectric component draws running water from the Pfreimd and releases it back into the river. It may later be pumped up to the Rabenleite Reservoir by Reisach Power Plant or used to generate electricity by the traditional hydroelectric plant, Trausnitz.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 35,000 3:00.00 Tännesberg, Bavaria 92723, Germany Operational
Thumb_waldeck_i Waldeck I Pumped Hydro Power Plant

The Waldeck Pumped Storage Scheme consists of two power plants, Waldeck 1 and Waldeck 2. Each station draws water from a separate upper reservoir and empties into Affolderner lake. Both plants were built to shift energy from off-peak demand hours to peak demand hours.

Waldeck 1 was commissioned in 1932 and operated with its original four Francis turbines for 74 years. However, in April 2006, the plant was shut down and construction began on a new power station. Two of the old turbines were scrapped and two were refurbished for the new powerhouse. A new 70 MW turbine was added and now Waldeck 1's three turbines combine for a capacity of 140 MW. The new Waldeck 1 was inaugurated on April 20, 2010.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 140,000 3:24.00 Affolderner Lake, Waldeck-Frankenberg, Hesse, Germany Operational
Thumb_waldeck_i Waldeck II

The Waldeck Pumped Storage Scheme consists of two power plants, Waldeck 1 and Waldeck 2. Each station draws water from a separate upper reservoir and empties into Affolderner lake. Both plants were built to shift energy from off-peak demand hours to peak demand hours.

Waldeck 2 contains two machine sets with Francis turbines rated at 140 MW each. E·ON has been planning to add 300 MW of capacity to Waldeck 2 since 2010, but construction has yet to begin.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 480,000 7:10.00 Affolderner Lake, Waldeck-Frankenberg, Hesse, Germany Operational
Thumb_le_pouget Le Pouget Pumped Storage Power Plant

Le Pouget is a hydroelectic power station located at Le Truel, on the River Tarn, in the department of Aveyron in France. It uses the difference in height between the artificial lakes of Villefranche-de-Panat and Pareloup on the Lévézou plateau and the river 500m below. It ranks as the 16th largest station in France. It is part of the complex system that connects the rivers Alrance, Ceor, Viaur, Bage and Violou with the Tarn.

Three of the power plant's five turbines are Pelton turbines that were commissioned when the plant opened in 1952. Their combined capacity is 128 MW. The other two turbines were added in 1983 when the plant added pumped storage capabilities. The fourth turbine is the most powerful gravity-fed Francis turbine in France, rated at 275 MW. The fifth turbine is the only reversible pump-turbine in the group, with a generating capacity of 41.5 MW and a pumping capacity of 32.92 MW.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 445,000 n/a Le Truel, Aveyron, France Operational
Thumb_argentat Argentat Pumped Storage Power Station

The power plant is located at the Argentat Dam on the Dordogne River and uses bulb turbines. The plant's technical features include foundations 34 meters high, a crest length of 196 meters, a crest width of 27.35 meters, a base width of 35.50 meters, and a dam volume of 85,000 m3.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 48,000 n/a Barrage d'Argentat, Argentat, Correze, France Operational
Thumb_montezic__1_ Montézic Pumped Storage Power Plant

The Montézic power plant operates with four reversible pump-turbines and a 423 meter elevation drop between the upper reservoir and the subterranean powerhouse.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 910,000 n/a Montézic, Aveyron, France Operational
Thumb_revin Revin Pumped Storage Power Plant

The municipality of Revin's underground pumped storage power plant rests 250 meters below its upper reservoir, Basin de Marquisades, and empties into Basin de Whitaker. It shifts energy to hours of peak demand by pumping water from Whitaker to Marquisades when electricity demand is low and generating electricity when demand is high.

The plant's four reversible pump-turbines combine for a rated capacity of 800 MW and can be ready to generate electricity within two minutes. The power plant is capable of supporting the grid in the case of a voltage drop due for example to the crash of a conventional power plant.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 800,000 n/a Basin de Whitaker, Revin, Ardennes, France Operational
Super Bissorte Pumped Storage Power Plant

Commissioned in 1986, Super Bissorte consists of two underground facilities, Bissorte 2 and Bissorte 3. B2 houses four 150 MW reversible Francis pump-turbines while B3 houses one 150 MW Pelton turbine. The powerhouses lay an extraordinary 1,160 meters below their upper reservoir.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 748,000 n/a L'Arc, Valmeinier, Savoie, France Operational
Thumb_cheylas-centrale-photo-puit Le Cheylas Pumped Storage Power Plant

Commissioned in 1979, Cheylas Pumped Storage Power Plant operates with two reversible pump-turbines rated at 240 MW each, the most powerful in France. The elevation drop between the upper reservoir, Bassin du Flumet, and the powerhouse is 261 meters, and the power plant empties into Bassin du Cheylas.

In December, 2012, the European Commission awarded a $21.55 million grant to a consortium, which includes Alstom, Electricite de France (EDF), Elia, Imperial College, DNV Kema and Algoe, to add 70 MW of capacity to Cheylas by converting it to a variable-speed pumped storage plant.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 480,000 n/a Bassin du Cheylas, Le Cheylas, Isère, France Operational
Thumb_coche La Coche Pumped Storage Power Plant

La Coche Pumped Storage Power Plant contains 4 reversible Francis pump-turbines and utilizes a 927 meter drop between the upper reservoir and the turbines.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 310,000 n/a Rue de l'Électricité , Moutiers, Savoie, France Operational
Thumb_la_rance La Rance Tidal Power Station

La Rance Tidal Power Plant is located at the estuary of the Rance, in the municipality of La Richardais in Ille-et-Vilaine. It draws its energy from the force of the tide by using a tidal barrage. Instead of damming water on one side like a conventional dam, a tidal barrage first allows water to flow into a bay or river during high tide, and releasing the water back during low tide. This is done by measuring the tidal flow and controlling the sluice gates at key times of the tidal cycle. Turbines are then placed at these sluices to capture the energy as the water flows in and out.

The station's 24 reversible bulb pump-turbines are used to pump water into the river basin at high tide (for ebb generation). This energy is more than returned during generation, because power output is strongly related to the head. If water is raised 2 ft (61 cm) by pumping on a high tide of 10 ft (3 m), this will have been raised by 12 ft (3.7 m) at low tide. The cost of a 2 ft rise is returned by the benefits of a 12 ft rise. This is because the correlation between the potential energy is not a linear relationship, but rather, is related by the square of the tidal height variation.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 240,000 n/a Rance Tidal Power Station, La Richardais, Ille-et-Vilaine, France Operational
Thumb_lac_noir Lac Noir Pumped Storage Power Plant

Commissioned in 1933, Lac Noir was France's first pumped storage hydroelectric power plant.

The power plant has been offline since the engine room flooded in 2002. The owner, EDF, has announced plans to build a new 55 MW underground pumped storage plant adjacent to the old one. Construction is expected to last six years and cost over €70 million.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 82,000 n/a Lac Noir, Orbey, Alsace, France Offline/Under Repair
Thumb_plate_taille Plate Taille Pumped Storage Power Plant

The power plant consists of four reversible Francis pump-turbine units and is primarily used to store energy at night for use during the next day's peak demand hours.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 143,000 n/a Lac de la Plate Taille, Cerfontaine, Namur, Belgium Operational
Thumb_srinagarind Srinagarind Hydroelectric Power Plant

The Srinagarind Dam, an embankment dam on the Khwae Yai river, creates a reservoir with a storage capacity of 17,745 million cubic meters. This water is used primarily for river regulation and hydroelectric power generation. The power plant's rated capacity is 720 MW, which comes from three traditional 120 MW Francis turbines and two 180 reversible Francis pump-turbines. The annual generation from all five turbines is 1,160 GWh.

Initial construction on the dam began in 1974 and it was complete in 1980. The first of the power plant's generators was commissioned in 1980 and the last by 1991.

http://www.egat.co.th/en/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=60&Itemid=117

http://www.mhi.co.jp/en/products/category/water_turbine_plant.html

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 720,000 n/a Srinagarind Dam, Si Sawat, Kanchanaburi , Thailand Operational
Thumb_bhumibol Bhumibol Hydroelectric Power Plant

The hydroelectric plant situated at the base of the Bhumibol Dam has a total installed capacity of 743.8 MW from seven conventional generating units (Units 1-6 of 76.3 MW each and Unit 7 of 115 MW) and one reversible pump turbine unit of 171 MW. Bhumibol Unit 8 has a two-fold function, serving as a water pump during the off-peak hours to recapture water from the lower reservoir and pump it back up to the upper reservoir; and also operating as a generator to produce electricity during peak periods. Unit 8 was commissioned in 1996.

Construction on the dam commenced in 1952 and the first two turbines were commissioned in 1964. Six additional units were installed in later years to cope with the country’s rapid growth in electricity demand.

http://www.sustainablehydropower.org/site/social/schemes/bhumibol.html

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 171,000 n/a Bhumibol Dam, Amphoe Sam Ngao, Tak, Thailand Operational
Nice Grid

This ambitious project, which brings together a broad range of stakeholders, is located in the municipality of Carros, in the department of Alpes-Maritimes, near the French Riviera. The objective will be to develop a smart electricity grid that harmoniously integrates a high proportion of solar panels, energy storage batteries and intelligent power meters installed in the homes of volunteer participants. By giving energy users the opportunity to manage their power consumption and budget, Nice Grid intends to turn passive consumers into active “pro-sumers” (producer-consumers).

Lithium Ion Battery 1,000 0:30.00 CARROS, France, France Under Construction
Thumb_feldsee Feldsee Pumped Storage Power Plant

Feldsee Pumped Storage Power Plant can be used flexibly. When electricity demand is high, it draws water from the upper reservoir, Feldsee, and generates electricity. If nearby wind farms and hydroelectric power plants generate more electricity than customers need at the moment, Feldsee uses the excess energy to pump water from the lower reservoir, Wurten, to Feldsee to be stored and eventually converted back into electricity.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 140,000 n/a Wurtenspeicher, Flattach, Karnten 9831, Austria Operational
Thumb_kh_koralpe2_web Koralpe Pumped Storage Power Plant

The pumped storage power station Koralpe has a production capacity of 50 MW and a pumping capacity of 35 MW. The engine and pump houses are near Lavamünd on the Bank of the river Drava.

In 2011, the plant was converted to pump storage operation. A 35m deep shaft was dug next to the powerhouse and a new pump installed along with a connection to the existing penstock. The project cost €23mn and doubled the power plant's annual production to 160 million kWh.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 50,000 n/a Lavamünd, Kärnten, Austria Operational
Thumb_kops Kops II Pumped Storage Power Station

Kops 2 is an underground pumped storage power station located in the Austrian Alps. It shares its upper basin, Kops Reservoir, with Kops 1, a traditional hydroelectric power plant, and uses Rifa Reservoir as its lower basin. Kops 2 contains three Pelton-type machine sets, each with a generating capacity of 175 MW and a pumping capacity of 150 MW.

The total investment was around €400 million.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 525,000 n/a Gaschurn, Vorarlberg, Austria Operational
Thumb_rodundwerkii_techn_daten_rdax_192x257 Rodundwerk II Pumped Storage Power Station

Rodund 2 is directly connected to Rodund 1, and both are located in the Austrian Montafon where they utilize the 350 meter height difference between the Latschau and Tschagguns Dams. Rodund 2 operates with one machine set, a reversible pump-turbine, while Rodund 1 has four conventional turbines.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 295,000 n/a Anton-Ammann-Straße, Vandans, Tyrol 6773, Austria Operational
Oschenik Innerfragant Pumped Storage Power Station

Kraftwerksgruppe Fragant consists of a system of four storage power stations and three smaller run-of-river power stations built between 1964 and 1985. The Innerfragant powerhouse, located at 1,200m above sea level, is the hydraulic center of the entire power station group.

Source: http://industcards.com/ps-austria.htm

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 108,000 n/a Hohen Tauern, Salzburg, Austria Operational
Thumb_cierny Čierny Váh Pumped Storage Power Plant

The pumped storage hydro power plant (PSHPP) Čierny Váh is situated in the valley of the river Čierny Váh, approximately 10 km above its confluence with the Biely Váh River near the Kráľová Lehota municipality, which is a part of the Low Tatras National Park protected zone. It is a construction with daily water accumulation that participates in the functioning of the frequency regulation and of the distribution of electricity to the grid. This hydraulic structure consists of four parts: an upper and a lower reservoir, penstocks and a power station. The lower reservoir was created by means of damming up the valley of the Čierny Váh by a 375 m long dam. Its capacity is 5.1 million m3. The level fluctuates by 7.45 m between elevations 726.00 – 733.45 m. The upper reservoir of an irregular shape is situated between the valleys of the Biely Váh and the Čierny Váh. It has a maximum capacity of 3.7 million m3 of water and the level fluctuates by 25 m between the elevation points 1160 – 1135 m above sea level. The sealing of the slopes and of the bottom is provided by one layer of asphalt concrete sealing blanket with a surface of approximately 200,000 m2. Underneath the reservoir, there is an inspection tunnel that should collect the potential seepages from the reservoir bottom and slopes. The hydraulic connection of the upper and lower reservoir is ensured via three pressure penstocks which have an internal diameter of 3.8 m. In the valley, they split into pipes that transport the water to the two turbines and outlets of water from the two accumulation pumps. The maximum head between the upper and the lower reservoirs is 434 m. The lower reservoir dam includes also a power station with a control room. There are six pumping turbo aggregates installed that comprise a motor generator, a Francis turbine and an accumulation pump. When 6 accumulation pumps are in operation, it takes 8 hours to pump the water into the upper reservoir.

Source: http://www.skcold.sk/priehrady/nova_databaza_priehrad/pve_cierny_vah/

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 735,160 n/a Vodná nádrz Čierny Váh, Liptov, Slovakia Operational
Dobšiná I Pumped Storage Power Station

Slovakia´s first larger pumped storage power plant, the Dobšiná power plant has been operated since 1953. Following its reconstruction in 2003, its power has increased to 2 x 12 MW. It has a horizontal layout - at one axis it has in the middle a motor-generator and on the one side a Francis turbine and on the other a high-pressure pump. It is also interesting in that it moves water from the Hnilec catchment to the Slaná catchment area.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 24,000 n/a Dobšiná, Kosice, Slovakia Operational
Thumb_800px-dalesicepowerstation Dalešice Pumped Storage Power Plant

The Dalešice waterworks was built as a part of the nearby Dukovany Nuclear Power Station project. It includes the Dalešice water reservoir with the capacity of 127 million m3 of water, the Mohelno equalization basin, the Dalešice Pumped-Storage Hydroelectric Power Station, and the Mohelno run-off-river hydroelectric power station.

The pumped-storage hydroelectric power station is equipped with four sets of reversing Francis turbines for a 90 m head. Synchronous generators with 13.8 kV voltage and two-way rotation are used in both the turbine and storage pumping operation. The generator voltage is transformed to 420 kV outgoing voltage by unit transformers.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 450,000 n/a Dukovany, Vysočina, Czech Republic Operational
Thumb_250px-dlouhe_strane_turbinovy_sal Dlouhé Stráně Pumped Storage Power Plant

The Dlouhé Stráně Hydroelectric Power Station is situated in Moravia, near Loučná nad Desnou in the district of Šumperk. It prides itself with three superlatives: it has the largest reversing water turbine in Europe, 325 MW; it has the largest head of all power stations in the Czech Republic, 510.7 m; and it has the largest installed capacity in the Czech Republic, 2 x 325 MW.

The power station fulfils static, dynamic and compensatory functions within the power system. The static function lies in converting the surplus energy in the system into peak-load energy - at periods of surplus electricity in the system, namely at night, water is pumped from the lower to the elevated storage reservoir; and during the on-peak periods, when there is a shortage of electricity, the power station’s turbines generate electricity. The dynamic function of the hydroelectric power station means functioning as the system’s output reserve, generating the regulating output and energy, and participating in the frequency regulation of the system. The compensatory operation facilitates the voltage regulation within the power system.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 650,000 6:00.00 Dolní nádrž, Loučná Desnou, Šumperk, Czech Republic Operational
Thumb_elektraren Liptovská Mara Pumped Storage Power Plant

The Liptovská Mara pumped storage power plant is located by the second "peak-load" reservoir in the upper section of the Váh catchment area, which performs the same functions as the Orava reservoir. The plant has two classical sets featuring the Kaplan turbine and two pumping sets featuring a diagonal reversible turbine (Dériaz system). In addition to the utilisation of the Váh river natural flows, the HPP thus also makes use of the water pumped to the upper reservoir at the time of electricity surplus in the system to generate electricity.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 198,000 n/a Liptovská Mara, Liptovsky Mikulas, Liptov, Slovakia Operational
Wemag Battery Park

Wemag AG, a utility located in Schwerin, Mecklenburg Western-Pomerania, will receive EUR 1.3 million through the Environmental Innovation Program (Umweltinnovationsprogramm) for a 5 MW lithium-ion battery plant, the Federal Ministry for the Environment (BMU) informed. The battery plant pilot project shall go online in September 2014, providing primary reserve (Primärregelleistung), thus helping to balance the grids and integrate green energy.

Lithium Ion Battery 5,000 1:00.00 Schwerin, Mecklenburg Western-Pomerania, Germany Under Construction
Thumb_ruzin_w1 Ružín Pumped Storage Power Plant

The Ružín pumped storage power plant on the Hornád river is the country´s first pumped storage power plant to feature reversible turbines - there are two sets having a Francis turbine here.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 60,000 n/a Ružín, Kosice, Slovakia Operational
Thumb_solina-014-aeromedia-mini Solina Pumped Storage Power Plant

Solina is a peak-load power plant with a pumping component, which plays a significant role in the Polish power system. Prior to its modernisation, the plant‘s installed capacity was 136 MW, increased to 200 MW following the modernisation. The plant consists of four hydroelectric units. It is located at the foot of Poland‘s highest gravity dam. The available head is 60 m. The higher-elevation reservoir of the plant is the largest artificial lake in Poland.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 200,000 n/a Solina, Podkarpackie, Poland Operational
Thumb_zarnowiec3 Żarnowiec Pumped Storage

It is the largest Polish hydroelectric power plant, located on Żarnowieckie Lake. It is a pumped-storage facility relying on Żarnowieckie Lake as the lower reservoir, while its upper reservoir built on a nearby plateau is completely artificial.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 716,000 n/a jeziorem Żarnowieckim, Czymanowo, Pomorskie, Poland Operational
Thumb_zydowo Żydowo Pumped Storage Power Plant

In the plant there are installed three turbo complexes of Czech production equipped in Francis turbines , one of whose is classic generator and two others are reversible machines for electric power production and to water pumping to the upper tank.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 156,000 n/a Powiat koszaliński, Wielkopolskie, Poland Operational
Thumb_torrao Torrão Pumped Storage Power Plant

Torrão Pumped Storage Power Plant produces enough energy to supply the municipalities of Coimbra, Penafiel, Marco, Mesão Cold and Baiao, a total of 600,000 inhabitants.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 146,000 n/a Estrada de Barragem, Marco de Canavezes, Porto, Portugal Operational
Thumb_sallente Sallente Pumped Storage Power Plant

A reversible-flow hydroelectric power station located in the municipal area of Capdella in the Catalonian Pyrenees; the first pure pumped station to be installed in Catalonia. Its total output is 415,000 kW, with a flow of 125 m³/s and a head of 400 m. The power station sits in a cavern excavated in granite slate transition terrain, measuring 80 x 40 x 20 m. It took four years to build (1981-1985) for a total cost of 46,440 million euros.

http://www.copisa.com/en-us/project-gallery/prominent-works/prominents-works/estany-gento-sallente-hydroelectric-power-station.html

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 468,000 n/a Estany Gento, Capdella, Lerida, Spain Operational
Aguayo I Pumped Storage Power Plant

Aguayo hydropower plant, located in San Miguel de Aguayo (Cantabria), has been in operation since 1982. It currently provides 38% of electricity generation capacity installed in Cantabria.

The plant usually produces energy during the week, when electricity demand spikes, and pumps water for storage during the weekend, when consumption falls. The process takes 33 hours. E.ON Spain will invest € 600 million in expanding the Aguayo hydroelectric complex with the addition of Aguayo II, an adjacent pumped storage power plant with a 1,000 MW capacity, in order to accelerate this process and move to a daily cycle. Pumping the upper reservoir will only require eight hours, allowing for greater annual generation.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 360,000 n/a Bárcena de Pie de Concha, Cantabria, Spain Operational
Aguayo II Pumped Storage Power Plant

The objective of E.ON's addition of the underground pumped storage power plant, Aguayo 2, is to shorten production cycles at the Aguayo Group. Aguayo 2 will utilize the elevation drop between the same reservoirs as Aguayo 1 does, and will contain four reversible Francis pump-turbines with a power of 250 MW each. The 1,000 MW expansion in installed capacity will bring the capacity of the Aguayo Group up to 1,360 MW and annual generation up to 2 million MWh, four times its current production.

The estimated investment in the project by E.ON Spain is 600 million euros. Hydroelectric plants pumping high power and efficiency play a key role for Spain's energy supply is flexible and reliable. The pumping stations are suitable for balancing intermittent renewable energy production because they can store energy with high efficiency and release immediately to provide electricity with zero emissions and environmentally friendly.

Construction is expected to begin in 2014 and commercial opperation is expected to commence in 2017.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,014,000 n/a Bárcena de Pie de Concha, Cantabria, Spain Announced
Thumb_utah_castle_valley_vrb Crescent Valley Project

PacifiCorp is a utility based in Portland, Oregon with operations in six Western states. PacifiCorp has recently installed a vanadium redox battery energy storage system (VRB-ESS™)at a site in Castle Valley, Utah. The site is serviced by a 25 kV feeder over 85 miles long, with 209 miles of total line. The length of the feeder led to complaints of low reliability and power quality. In addition, the feeder could not supply any significant amount of new load without causing low voltage to existing customers. Traditional alternatives to add capacity and improve service in this area are costly and environmentally difficult, so that PacifiCorp has sought viable alternatives to meet these goals. The Castle Valley VRB System has been built and commissioned for this purpose.

Vanadium redox flow batteries store energy in two electrolytes which are pumped from separate storage tanks across proton exchange membranes in the cell stacks, producing a DC current. The reaction is reversible, so that the battery can be charged and discharged repeatedly with high
efficiency. The VRB-ESS™ at Castle Valley was built by VRB Power Systems of Vancouver, British Columbia. The system is sized to provide 250 kW for 8 hours, with a round-trip efficiency when fully operational of between 65% and 80%. The system incorporates a power converter which converts the DC power provided by the battery to AC power during discharge, and vice versa during recharge. The power converter is also capable of providing reactive power compensation and overload capability for short periods of time. The system was commissioned in November, 2003 and has been operational since March, 2004.

Vanadium Redox Flow Battery 250 8:00.00 Moab, Utah, United States Operational
Thumb_palmdale_ultracapacitor Palmdale Micro Grid Energy Storage Demonstration

Project Objectives
Maintain high power quality on protected loads at all times
Provide power to protected load in event of a utility sag or outage, Meet the ITI (CBEMA) curve during power quality events, Resynchronize with backup power or grid as necessary Target Applications, Seamless Reliability (UPS), VAR Support (Power Quality), Mobile Trailer Configuration for Utilities
Wind Farm Stabilization, Village Power Systems, MicroGrid Networks

Double-layer Ultra Capacitor Battery 450 0:01.00 Palmdale, California, United States Operational
Reunion Island Pegase Project

"This 1st NAS battery for Reunion Island is located in Saint-André in the eastern part of the island. This site was chosen because of the available land, the proximity for connection to the electricity network and access to the EDF Reunion fiber optics network. With a power level of 1 MW, the NAS battery can provide 7.2 MWh or the equivalent of the average consumption of 2,000 households.

Bourbon Lumière was assigned the assembly, installation and connection of the battery to the network. Atexia took charge of the low current work. The work was carried out under the supervision of the Japanese companies NGK (NAS battery) and MEIDENSHA (power electronics and connection to the network).
The exchanges provided valuable learning, allowing for the installation of this new electrical system unit for Reunion Island, in terms of both the novelty of the facilities and the supervisors’ requirements.

The installation work took 10 weeks, in accordance with the scheduled decided on by EDF and NGK/MEIDENSHA."

Sodium Sulfur Battery 1,000 7:12.00 St. Andre, Reunion, France Operational
Dirillo Substation BESS Project

"To support such efforts in southern Italy, ABB will provide Enel Distribuzione with a battery energy storage system that will enable the utility to study the benefits of using such facilities in their distribution network. The system will be installed at the Contrada Dirillo distribution substation in Ragusa province in southern Sicily. It can provide
2 megawatts (MW) of power for up 30 minutes and will be housed in three factory-tested containers – two containing lithium-ion batteries and a third accommodating the power conversion and energy management systems.

The control system enables local, and remote control and monitoring of the installation from Enel’s network control center. The power converter transforms the alternating current (AC) power used in the network to the direct current (DC) power needed by the batteries and vice versa.

The facility will help to maintain grid stability through applications such as frequency regulation. It will also enhance power quality and provide power to meet peak demand.

The containerized solution is designed to meet particular regulatory requirements on noise and electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) emission limits, and to suit the ambient conditions at the Dirillo site including high temperatures and possible seismic activities. Thanks to its compactness, the solution has a small footprint and can also be relocated to another site for possible further studies.

Source: http://www.abb.com/cawp/seitp202/8c2b9149039d2d0ec1257b5200331466.aspx"

Lithium Ion Battery 2,000 0:30.00 Dirillo, Sicily, Italy Under Construction
Thumb_tomamae_storage1_2 Tomamae Wind Farm

The Tomamae Wind Villa Power Plant continues to be one of the world’s largest vanadium redox flow battery energy storage installations and, at the time of commissioning in 2000, was Japan’s first and largest wind power plant. In 2005, Sumitomo Electric International (Osaka, Japan) was contracted to install a vanadium flow battery system at the existing 30.6 MW Tomamae Wind Villa on the island of Hokkaido, Japan. The primary intent of the battery system is to provide “wind smoothing” for the intermittent and variable wind plant. The facility has operated well since 5 January 2005, sometimes performing over 50 charge-discharge cycles per hour. By acting as a rapid source and sink for the sometimes highly variable wind energy production, this facility has reduced the ramping rates of the wind farm’s output with respect to the rest of the island’s grid by reducing the peaks and valleys of the wind farm energy output.

The project is located on a Tomamae Town managed stock farm. Scenery and farm land utilization is preserved by burying the power cables and installing transformers in the turbine towers. The energy storage facility is configured with 16 modules rated at 250 kW each, which gives the entire facility 4 MW with 6 MWh of storage (90 minutes). Pulse power of 6 MW exists, but only for 20 minutes. The project was developed and is owned by J-Power, the largest electric utility in Japan. While moving into wind generation, J-Power produces most of it’s electricity from coal-fired and hydroelectric power plants. Other J-Power wind generation projects include the 65.98 MW Koriyama Nunobiki-kogen Wind Power Plant, 24.75 MW Nikaho Highland Wind Project, 21 MW Green Power Kuzumaki Wind Farm, and the 22 MW J-Wind Tahara plants.

Vanadium Redox Flow Battery 4,000 1:30.00 Totomamae, Hokkaido Prefecture, Japan Operational
Thumb_india_one India One Solar Thermal Plant

In 2011 the World Renewal Spiritual Trust initiated the design, development and installation of “India One”, a 1 MW solar thermal power plant with 16 hours storage for continuous operation. This research project uses the in-house developed 60 m2 parabolic dish and features an innovative thermal storage for night operation. The 60 m2 dish is a proven technology and is based upon 15 years of experience with the parabolic concentrator with fixed focus. The concentrated solar power plant (CSP) will generate heat and power for a campus of 25,000 people.

Heat Thermal Storage 1,000 16:00.00 Talheti, Abu Road, Rajasthan 307510, India Operational
Thumb_netra Clique Solar Solar Thermal HVAC System

This Solar Thermal HVAC (ST-HVAC) system consists of two numbers of high optical efficiency, point focus, two-axis tracking solar concentrator of Fresnel design, called the ARUN concentrator dish. The ARUN dishes provide fry saturated steam at 180o C at about 200kg per hour. The steam is fed to a 50 TR (i.e. about 175 kW of cooling) Vapour Absorption Machine (VAM). In turn, the VAM utilizes the thermal energy of steam to produce the cooling effect. The distinguishing feature of the system is the storage tank that can store up to 2 days of chilling.

Chilled Water Thermal Storage 175 48:00.00 Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh 201308, India Operational
Thumb_nzeb5-general-s Sun-carrier Omega Net Zero Building in Bhopal

The Sun Carrier Omega Net-Zero Energy Building in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, is an off-grid solar powered facility. Energy generated by the sun-tracking Sun Carrier solar PV systems feeds the lighting and air conditioning load for the building, while also charging the large capacity cellcube vanadium redox flow battery and energy management system.

Vanadium Redox Flow Battery 45 6:40.00 Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh 462021, India Operational
Thumb_vattenfall_uhura_460x220 Younicos and Vattenfall Project

Berlin – In a joint pilot project, Younicos and Vattenfall have commissioned the first large-scale battery to be integrated in the European electricity balancing market. Since the end of 2012, a 1 megawatt sodium-sulphur battery based at the Younicos headquarters in Berlin-Adlershof successfully balances short-term fluctuations in the power grid. This is the first time a battery is employed in maintaining the mains power frequency of the transmission system operator 50Hertz Transmission GmbH.

Sodium Sulfur Battery 1,000 6:00.00 Berlin, Berlin, Germany Operational
Thumb_wakkanai_mega_solar Wakkanai Megasolar Project

Wakkanai Mega-Solar Project: NEDO funded this 5-MW PV and 1.5-MW NAS battery on Hokkaido island. The Japan Electric Power Exchange installed a 4-MW NAS battery for a 51-MW wind farm in 2008. Source: http://www.eia.gov/analysis/studies/electricity/pdf/intl_sg.pdf

Sodium Sulfur Battery 1,500 7:12.00 Wakkanai, Hokkaido Prefecture, Japan Operational
Thumb_isernia_project Isernia Smart Grid Project

One of the first smart grids in Europe; total planned investment of 10 million euros.

Rome, November 4th, 2011 - Enel Distribuzione has begun installing the first smart grid in Italy, and one of the first in Europe, in Isernia. The technology installed will make it possible to optimally regulate the bi-directional flow of electricity generated from renewable resources on low and medium-voltage networks and will enable new uses of energy. A total investment of 10 million euros is projected for this Molise “pilot project”.

Several thousand customers will take part in the project. The pilot smart grid linked to the Carpinone substation encompasses:

Systems for estimating electricity generated from renewable resources; sensors for the advanced monitoring of grid volumes;
interaction with electricity generators to provide advanced regulation of input flows; storage using lithium-ion battery technology, with a capacity of 0.7 MW (0.5 MWh), to modulate flows of electricity, built by Siemens to Enel specifications; recharging stations for electric vehicles; equipment installed in homes to allow customers to monitor their consumption.

The need for a smart grid distribution system has been spurred by the rapid spread of distributed generation that, for the most part arising from renewable resources, is subject to random fluctuations due to weather conditions or the alternating of day and night.

The pilot program is just one of the initiatives that Enel is carrying out in the area of smart grids, which are also being promoted by the Authority for Electricity and Gas (AEEG) which supports the development of new technologies for the Italian electricity network.

Enel is currently implementing a 10-year restructuring plan for its entire distribution network (over 1 million kilometres), coordinated with programmes for encouraging the introduction of smart grids launched by the European Commission.

As with digital metering, Enel Distribuzione is a leader in applying innovative solutions to improve network efficiency and the quality of the service offered to customers.

Lithium Ion Battery 700 0:43.00 Carpinone, Isernia, Italy Operational
Thumb_ventobene_project Ventotene Smart Grid Project

A demonstration project part of the European initative known as G4EU Project. The Ventotene Smart Grid Project was led in Italy by Enel and included a storage system in a MV/LV substation that can be connected to several feeders. The project included new centralized/decentralized solution for voltage regulation and hosting capacity rising.

The goal of the GRID4EU project is to carry on demonstration pilots of Smart Grids solutions on a large scale basis. The project involves 27 partners in 12 EU countries; it is coordinated by ERDF, the main French distribution company, and has its technical management belonging to Enel. The initiative will implement 6 demonstration projects in 6 EU countries (Italy, France, Germany, Sweden, Spain and Czech Republic), to be integrated into a single one.

Lithium Ion Battery 800 0:48.00 Ventotene, Latina , Italy Under Construction
Thumb_la_palma_canary_islands_ultracapacitor La Palma STORE project

Endesa instals Spain’s first energy storage plant in Canary Islands

• With installed capacity of 1 MW, the plant is equipped with the most advanced energy storage technology with lithium-ion batteries.
• This pioneering facility is part of Project STORE which has a Euro 11 million budget.

• Its aim is to demonstrate the technical and financial viability of large-scale storage systems to improve the reliability and operation of the grid in island networks.

As part of Project Store, Endesa is to install a 1 MW demonstration plant on the island of Gran Canaria to test the commercial viability of energy storage technology using lithium-ion batteries in island networks.

One of the aims of this facility is to demonstrate how energy storage systems can help improve grid reliability and operation in island environments while also favouring the incorporation of renewable energies. Multinational group Saft, the world leader in the design and manufacture of industrial batteries, will supply the lithium-ion technology.

Once connected to the grid the plant will supply 3 MWh of power to help manage peak demand and the load of the line to which it is connected as well as providing ancillary services such as regulating frequency and controlling tension.

Headed up by Endesa, Project STORE is aimed at creating large-scale storage systems which are financially viable. Project STORE has three demonstration plants in the Canary Islands:

• Lithium-ion battery system, with total installed capacity of 1MW/3MWh

• A flywheel with total installed capacity of 0.5MW/18MWs

• Ultra-condensers with total installed capacity of 4MW/20MWs

With a budget of Euro 11 million, this project, the first of its kind in Spain and the most important in Europe, carries out research into energy storage in island networks. It is partly financed by The Centre for Industrial Technological Development (CDTI) (a Business Public Entity, answering to the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness) and the European Union.

Its aim is to demonstrate the technical and financial viability of large-scale storage systems as well as improving the reliability and operation of the grid in island networks. The project will be directly applied to power systems as a means of managing temporary imbalances between generation and demand, thus helping to make transmission grids more flexible and reliable and enhancing both supply quality and system operation.

Storage systems can also help solve the problems inherent in isolated systems, such as island networks, where the grid’s stability is affected by unmanageable technologies as is the case with renewables, and where conventional generation costs are higher than in the mainland system due to variable costs such as fuel. These technologies are particularly useful in isolated systems with low installed capacity as is the case with the Spanish non-mainland systems.

Double-layer Ultra Capacitor Battery 4,000 0:01.00 La Palma, Gran Canaria, Spain Announced
Thumb_riso_dtu RISO Syslab Redox Flow Battery

The vanadium battery will be installed as a component in SYSLAB which is the lab facility established at Risø for testing and investigating distributed power systems.

SYSLAB consists of two wind turbines, a pv-array, a diesel genset, different types of
load and an office building with intelligent load control. SYSLAB also includes a distributed control system.

The tests on the vanadium battery will include specific tests on the battery alone such as
response tests, efficiency tests at different levels of SOC etc. and tests and measurements while it provides different services to grid including smoothing of wind turbine output, load balancing and similar services. A key point for the investigations is comparison
between laboratory test performance and performance during normal operation.

http://www.risoe.dk/rispubl/reports/ris-r-1608_240-247.pdf

Vanadium Redox Flow Battery 15 8:00.00 Kongens Lyngby, Lyngby-Taarbæk , Denmark Operational
ZBB Experimental Zinc-Bromine Flow Battery

The system stores solar and wind energy produced by the building’s photovoltaic (PV) panels and wind turbines. The stored energy capacity is 500kWh and is used to power the building and export to the electricity grid. The power capability of the battery is 100kW and can cover the total building load at night and during low load periods such as weekends. Peak loads are met by a combination of renewable energy, battery output and grid electricity.

Zinc Bromine Redox Flow Battery 100 5:00.00 10 Murray Dwyer Circuit, Mayfield West, NSW 2304, Australia Operational
Thumb_nevada_solar_one Nevada Solar One Solar Power Plant

Nevada Solar One is a concentrated solar power plant, with a nominal capacity of 64 MW and maximum capacity of 75 MW, spread over an area of 400 Acres. The projected CO2 emissions avoided is equivalent to taking approximately 20,000 cars off the road annually. The project required an investment of $266 million USD, and the project officially went to operation in June 2007. Electricity production is estimated to be 134 million kilowatt hours per year.

It is the second solar thermal power plant built in the United States in more than 16 years, and the largest STE plant built in the world since 1991. It is located in Eldorado Valley in the southwest fringe of Boulder City, Nevada, and was built in that city's Energy Resource Zone, which requires renewable generation as part of plant development permits; Nevada Solar One was approved as part of Duke Energy's larger El Dorado Energy project that built 1 GW of electrical generation capacity. The solar trough generation was built by Acciona Solar Power, a partially owned subsidiary of Spanish conglomerate Acciona Energy. Lauren Engineers & Constructors (Abilene, TX) was the EPC contractor for the project.Acciona purchased a 55 percent stake in Solargenix (formerly Duke Solar) and Acciona owns 95 percent of the project. Nevada Solar One is unrelated to the Solar One power plant in California.

Thermal Storage 72,000 0:30.00 Boulder City, Nevada, United States Operational
Manchasol 2 Solar Power Plant

Technology: Parabolic trough
Land Area: 200 hectares
Solar Resource: 2,208 kWh/m2/yr
Source of Solar Resource: Meteo Station
Construction Job-Years: 600
Annual O&M Jobs: 40
PPA/Tariff Rate: 27.0 Euro cents per kWh
PPA/Tariff Period: 25 years
roject Type: Commercial

Generation Offtaker(s): Unión Fenosa

Plant Configuration
Solar Field
Solar-Field Aperture Area: 510,120 m²
# of Solar Collector Assemblies (SCAs): 624
# of Loops: 156
# of SCAs per Loop: 4
SCA Aperture Area: 817 m²
SCA Length: 144 m
# of Modules per SCA: 12
SCA Manufacturer (Model): Cobra Instalaciones y Servicios (Senertrough)
Mirror Manufacturer (Model): Flabeg (RP3)
# of Heat Collector Elements (HCEs): 11,232
HCE Manufacturer: Schott
# of HCEs: 11,232
HCE Manufacturer: Solel
Heat-Transfer Fluid Type: Diphenyl/Diphenyl oxide
Solar-Field Inlet Temp: 293°C
Solar-Field Outlet Temp: 393°C
Solar-Field Temp Difference: 100°C

Power Block
Turbine Capacity (Gross): 50.0 MW
Turbine Capacity (Net): 50.0 MW
Turbine Manufacturer: Siemens (Germany)
Power Cycle Pressure: 100.0 bar
Cooling Method: Wet cooling
Cooling Method Description: Cooling towers
Turbine Efficiency: 38.1% @ full load
Annual Solar-to-Electricity Efficiency (Gross): 16%
Fossil Backup Type: HTF heater
Backup Percentage: 12%
Thermal Storage
Storage Type: 2-tank indirect
Thermal Storage Description: 28,500 tons of molten salt. 375 MWh. Tanks are 14 m high and 36 m in diameter.

Sodium and Potassium Nitrate Molten Salt Thermal Storage 50,000 7:30.00 Alcazar de San Juan, Ciudad Real, Spain Operational
Manchasol 1 Solar Power Plant

Technology: Parabolic trough
Land Area: 200 hectares
Solar Resource: 2,208 kWh/m2/yr
Source of Solar Resource: Meteo Station
Construction Job-Years: 600
Annual O&M Jobs: 40
PPA/Tariff Rate: 27.0 Euro cents per kWh
PPA/Tariff Period: 25 years
Project Type: Commercial

Generation Offtaker(s): Unión Fenosa

Plant Configuration
Solar Field
Solar-Field Aperture Area: 510,120 m²
# of Solar Collector Assemblies (SCAs): 624
# of Loops: 156
# of SCAs per Loop: 4
SCA Aperture Area: 817 m²
SCA Length: 144 m
# of Modules per SCA: 12
SCA Manufacturer (Model): Cobra Instalaciones y Servicios (Senertrough)
Mirror Manufacturer (Model): Flabeg (RP3)
# of Heat Collector Elements (HCEs): 11,232
HCE Manufacturer: Schott
# of HCEs: 11,232
HCE Manufacturer: Solel
Heat-Transfer Fluid Type: Diphenyl/Diphenyl oxide
Solar-Field Inlet Temp: 293°C
Solar-Field Outlet Temp: 393°C
Solar-Field Temp Difference: 100°C

Power Block
Turbine Capacity (Gross): 49.9 MW
Turbine Capacity (Net): 49.9 MW
Turbine Manufacturer: Siemens (Germany)
Power Cycle Pressure: 100.0 bar
Cooling Method: Wet cooling
Cooling Method Description: Cooling towers
Turbine Efficiency: 38.1% @ full load
Annual Solar-to-Electricity Efficiency (Gross): 16%
Fossil Backup Type: HTF heater
Backup Percentage: 12%
Thermal Storage
Storage Type: 2-tank indirect
Storage Capacity: 7.5 hour(s)
Thermal Storage Description: 28,500 tons of molten salt. 375 MWh. Tanks are 14 m high and 36 m in diameter.

Sodium and Potassium Nitrate Molten Salt Thermal Storage 49,900 7:30.00 Alcazar de San Juan, Ciudad Real, Spain Operational
Thumb_samca_laflorida_01 La Florida Solar Power Plant

The concentrated solar power (CSP) plant La Florida, is one with the largest solar fields in Spain.

One of the largest installations in the world, the plant has the capacity to generate 49.9MW power, using parabolic trough collectors, enough to power 45,000 homes. It has been built to meet Spain's power consumption requirements through renewable sources.
The commissioning of the plant has resulted in the country's solar power production equalling that of the power generated by a nuclear plant. The plant is estimated to reduce more than 160,000t of CO2 every year.

The plant created 350 local jobs during construction. It is expected to sustain 50 jobs for maintenance and operation of the plant.

Plant details

The plant is constituted in four parts - solar field, power block, thermal storage system and auxiliary systems.

The solar field comprises collector structure, mirrors, absorber tubes and thermal fluid system.

The length and absorption area of solar collector structures are 150m and 822m² respectively. The power block features steam generator, steam turbine, condenser and cooling towers. The capacity of the turbine is 49.9MW. The auxiliary system consists of water treatment plants, a fire protection system, a liquid natural gas station, emergency generators and a transformer substation.

The plant is built on an approximated rectangular surface of 220ha, which is occupied by 672 parabolic trough collectors with 225,792 mirrors and 550,000m² of absorption area. It covers a surface equivalent to 220 soccer fields.

Sodium and Potassium Nitrate Molten Salt Thermal Storage 49,900 7:30.00 Alvarado, Badajoz, Spain Operational
Thumb_ladehesa_300 La Dehesa Solar Power Plant

La Dehesa is a 50 MW concentrated solar power plant using a parabolic trough to radiate solar energy which is then stored with molten salts technology. The plant has 225,792 mirrors arranged in rows and 672 solar collectors which occupy a total length of 100km. It is located in La Garovilla, Badajoz and is owned by Renovables SAMCA. With an annual production of 160 million kwh, La Dehesa supplies electricity for more than 45,000 homes, preventing the emission of 160,000 tons of carbon dioxide, the same amount a coal thermal plant would produce to provide the same amount of energy.

Sodium and Potassium Nitrate Molten Salt Thermal Storage 50,000 7:30.00 La Garrovilla, Badajoz, Spain Operational
Thumb_la_africana La Africana Solar Power Plant

Technology: Parabolic trough
Lat/Long Location: 37°44′ 52.0″ North, 5°6′ 56.0″ West
Land Area: 252 hectares
Solar Resource: 1,950 kWh/m2/yr
Cost (approx): 387,000,000 Euros
Construction Job-Years: 300
Annual O&M Jobs: 40
PPA/Tariff Type: Real Decreto 661/2007
PPA/Tariff Rate: 27.0 Euro cents per kWh
PPA/Tariff Period: 25 years
PPA/Tariff Information: Feed-in Tariff
Project Type: Commercial

Plant Configuration
Solar Field
Solar-Field Aperture Area: 550,000 m²
# of Solar Collector Assemblies (SCAs): 672
# of Loops: 168
# of SCAs per Loop: 4
SCA Length: 150
# of Modules per SCA: 12
SCA Manufacturer (Model): Sener (SenerTrough)
Solar-Field Inlet Temp: 293°C
Solar-Field Outlet Temp: 393°C
Solar-Field Temp Difference: 100°C

Power Block
Turbine Capacity (Gross): 50.0 MW
Turbine Capacity (Net): 50.0 MW
Output Type: Steam Rankine
Cooling Method: Wet cooling

Thermal Storage Type: 2-tank indirect

Sodium and Potassium Nitrate Molten Salt Thermal Storage 50,000 7:30.00 Posadas, Córdoba, Spain Operational
Extresol 2 Solar Power Plant

Technology: Parabolic trough
Lat/Long Location: 38°39′ North, 6°44′ West
Land Area: 200 hectares
Solar Resource: 2,168 kWh/m2/yr
Source of Solar Resource: Meteo Station
Construction Job-Years: 600
Annual O&M Jobs: 40
PPA/Tariff Type: Real Decreto 661/2007
PPA/Tariff Rate: 27.0 Euro cents per kWh
PPA/Tariff Period: 25 years
Project Type: Commercial

Plant Configuration
Solar Field
Solar-Field Aperture Area: 510,120 m²
# of Solar Collector Assemblies (SCAs): 624
# of Loops: 156
# of SCAs per Loop: 4
SCA Aperture Area: 817 m²
SCA Length: 144 m
# of Modules per SCA: 12
SCA Manufacturer (Model): Cobra Instalaciones y Servicios (SENERTROUGH)
Mirror Manufacturer (Model): Flabeg (RP3)
# of Heat Collector Elements (HCEs): 22,464
HCE Manufacturer (Model): Solel (UVAC 2008)
HCE Type (Length): Evacuated (4 m)
Heat-Transfer Fluid Type: Diphenyl/Biphenyl oxide
Solar-Field Inlet Temp: 293°C
Solar-Field Outlet Temp: 393°C
Solar-Field Temp Difference: 100°C

Power Block
Turbine Capacity (Gross): 49.9 MW
Turbine Capacity (Net): 49.9 MW
Turbine Manufacturer: Siemens (Germany)
Power Cycle Pressure: 100.0 bar
Cooling Method: Wet cooling
Cooling Method Description: Cooling towers
Turbine Efficiency: 38.1% @ full load
Annual Solar-to-Electricity Efficiency (Gross): 16%
Fossil Backup Type: HTF heater
Backup Percentage: 12%

Thermal Storage
Storage Type: 2-tank indirect
Thermal Storage Description: 28,500 tons of molten salt. 1,010 MWh. Tanks are 14 m high and 36 m in diameter.

Sodium and Potassium Nitrate Molten Salt Thermal Storage 50,000 7:30.00 Torre de Miguel Sesmero, Badajoz, Spain Operational
Thumb_plantas-termosolares-extresol-1-2y3-b Extresol 3 Solar Power Plant

Technology: Parabolic trough
Lat/Long Location: 38°39′ North, 6°44′ West
Land Area: 200 hectares
Solar Resource: 2,168 kWh/m2/yr
Source of Solar Resource: Meteo Station
Construction Job-Years: 600
Annual O&M Jobs: 40
PPA/Tariff Type: Real Decreto 661/2007
PPA/Tariff Rate: 27.0 Euro cents per kWh
PPA/Tariff Period: 25 years
Project Type: Commercial

Plant Configuration
Solar Field
Solar-Field Aperture Area: 510,120 m²
# of Solar Collector Assemblies (SCAs): 624
# of Loops: 156
# of SCAs per Loop: 4
SCA Aperture Area: 817 m²
SCA Length: 144 m
# of Modules per SCA: 12
SCA Manufacturer (Model): Cobra Instalaciones y Servicios (SENERTROUGH)
Mirror Manufacturer (Model): Flabeg (RP3)
# of Heat Collector Elements (HCEs): 22,464
HCE Manufacturer (Model): Solel (UVAC 2008)
HCE Type (Length): Evacuated (4 m)
Heat-Transfer Fluid Type: Diphenyl/Biphenyl oxide
Solar-Field Inlet Temp: 293°C
Solar-Field Outlet Temp: 393°C
Solar-Field Temp Difference: 100°C

Power Block
Turbine Capacity (Gross): 50.0 MW
Turbine Capacity (Net): 50.0 MW
Turbine Manufacturer: Siemens (Germany)
Power Cycle Pressure: 100.0 bar
Cooling Method: Wet cooling
Cooling Method Description: Cooling towers
Turbine Efficiency: 38.1% @ full load
Annual Solar-to-Electricity Efficiency (Gross): 16%
Fossil Backup Type: HTF heater
Backup Percentage: 12%

Thermal Storage
Storage Type: 2-tank indirect
Thermal Storage Description: 28,500 tons of molten salt. 1,010 MWh. Tanks are 14 m high and 36 m in diameter.

Sodium and Potassium Nitrate Molten Salt Thermal Storage 50,000 7:30.00 Torre de Miguel Sesmero, Badajoz, Spain Operational
Extresol 1 Solar Power Plant

Technology: Parabolic trough
Lat/Long Location: 38°39′ North, 6°44′ West
Land Area: 200 hectares
Solar Resource: 2,168 kWh/m2/yr
Source of Solar Resource: Meteo Station

Construction Job-Years: 600
Annual O&M Jobs: 40
PPA/Tariff Date: January 1, 2010
PPA/Tariff Type: Real Decreto 661/2007
PPA/Tariff Rate: 27.0 Euro cents per kWh
PPA/Tariff Period: 25 years
Project Type: Commercial

Plant Configuration
Solar Field
Solar-Field Aperture Area: 510,120 m²
# of Solar Collector Assemblies (SCAs): 624
# of Loops: 156
# of SCAs per Loop: 4
SCA Aperture Area: 817 m²
SCA Length: 144 m
# of Modules per SCA: 12
SCA Manufacturer (Model): UTE CT Extresol-1 (SENERTROUGH)
Mirror Manufacturer (Model): Flabeg (RP3)
# of Heat Collector Elements (HCEs): 22,464
HCE Manufacturer (Model): Schott (PTR 70)
HCE Type (Length): Evacuated (4 m)
Heat-Transfer Fluid Type: Diphenyl/Biphenyl oxide
Solar-Field Inlet Temp: 293°C
Solar-Field Outlet Temp: 393°C
Solar-Field Temp Difference: 100°C

Power Block
Turbine Capacity (Gross): 50.0 MW
Turbine Manufacturer: Siemens (Germany)
Output Type: Steam Rankine
Power Cycle Pressure: 100.0 bar
Cooling Method: Wet cooling
Cooling Method Description: Cooling towers
Turbine Efficiency: 38.1% @ full load
Annual Solar-to-Electricity Efficiency (Gross): 16%
Fossil Backup Type: HTF heater
Backup Percentage: 12%

Thermal Storage
Storage Type: 2-tank indirect
Thermal Storage Description: 28,500 tons of molten salt. 1,010 MWh. Tanks are 14 m high and 36 m in diameter.

Sodium and Potassium Nitrate Molten Salt Thermal Storage 50,000 7:30.00 Torre de Miguel Sesmero, Badajoz, Spain Operational
Thumb_astexoll_ii Astexol II Solar Power Plant

Technology: Parabolic trough
Status: Operational
Country: Spain
City: Olivenza
Region: Badajoz
Lat/Long Location: 38°48′ 36.0″ North, 7°3′ 9.0″ West
Land Area: 160 hectares
Solar Resource: 2,052 kWh/m2/yr
Construction Job-Years: 500
Annual O&M Jobs: 50
PPA/Tariff Type: Real Decreto 661/2007
PPA/Tariff Rate: 27.0 Euro cents per kWh
PPA/Tariff Period: 25 years
PPA/Tariff Information: Feed-in Tariff
Project Type: Commercial

Plant Configuration
Solar Field
Solar-Field Aperture Area: 510,120 m²
# of Solar Collector Assemblies (SCAs): 624
# of SCAs per Loop: 4
SCA Aperture Area: 817 m²
SCA Length: 149
# of Modules per SCA: 12
SCA Manufacturer (Model): Flagsol (SKAL-ET 150)
Heat-Transfer Fluid Type: Thermal Oil
Solar-Field Inlet Temp: 293°C
Solar-Field Outlet Temp: 393°C
Solar-Field Temp Difference: 100°C

Power Block
Turbine Capacity (Gross): 50.0 MW
Turbine Capacity (Net): 50.0 MW
Output Type: Steam Rankine
Power Cycle Pressure: 100.0 bar
Cooling Method: Wet cooling
Cooling Method Description: Cooling Towers
Annual Solar-to-Electricity Efficiency (Gross): 15%
Fossil Backup Type: HTF Boiler

Sodium and Potassium Nitrate Molten Salt Thermal Storage 50,000 8:00.00 Olivenza, Badajoz, Spain Operational
Thumb_aste_1b Aste 1B Solar Power Plant

Technology: Parabolic trough
Lat/Long Location: 39°10′ 34.0″ North, 3°14′ 4.0″
Land Area: 180 hectares
Solar Resource: 2,019 kWh/m2/yr
Construction Job-Years: 500
Annual O&M Jobs: 50
PPA/Tariff Type: Real Decreto 661/2007
PPA/Tariff Rate: 27.0 Euro cents per kWh
PPA/Tariff Period: 25 years
Project Type: Commercial

Solar Field
Solar-Field Aperture Area: 510,120 m²
# of Solar Collector Assemblies (SCAs): 624
# of Loops: 156
# of SCAs per Loop: 4
SCA Aperture Area: 817 m²
SCA Length: 150 m
# of Modules per SCA: 12
SCA Manufacturer (Model): Sener (SenerTrough)
Mirror Manufacturer (Model): Flabeg (RP3)
# of Heat Collector Elements (HCEs): 22,464
HCE Manufacturer (Model): Siemens (UVAC 2010)
Heat-Transfer Fluid Type: Dowtherm A
Solar-Field Inlet Temp: 293°C
Solar-Field Outlet Temp: 393°C
Solar-Field Temp Difference: 100°C

Power Block
Turbine Capacity (Gross): 50.0 MW
Turbine Capacity (Net): 50.0 MW
Output Type: Steam Rankine
Power Cycle Pressure: 100.0 bar
Cooling Method: Wet cooling
Cooling Method Description: Cooling Towers
Annual Solar-to-Electricity Efficiency (Gross): 15%
Fossil Backup Type: HTF Boiler
Backup Percentage: 12%

Sodium and Potassium Nitrate Molten Salt Thermal Storage 50,000 8:00.00 Alcázar de San Juan, Ciudad Real, Spain Operational
Thumb_aste_1b Aste 1A Solar Power Plant

Technology: Parabolic trough
Lat/Long Location: 39°10′ 34.0″ North, 3°14′ 4.0″ West
Land Area: 180 hectares
Solar Resource: 2,019 kWh/m2/yr

Construction Job-Years: 500
Annual O&M Jobs: 50
PPA/Tariff Type: Real Decreto 661/2007
PPA/Tariff Rate: 27.0 Euro cents per kWh
PPA/Tariff Period: 25 years
Project Type: Commercial

Solar Field
Solar-Field Aperture Area: 510,120 m²
# of Solar Collector Assemblies (SCAs): 624
# of Loops: 156
# of SCAs per Loop: 4
SCA Aperture Area: 817 m²
SCA Length: 150 m
# of Modules per SCA: 12
SCA Manufacturer (Model): Sener (SenerTrough)
Mirror Manufacturer (Model): Flabeg (RP3)
# of Heat Collector Elements (HCEs): 22,464
HCE Manufacturer (Model): Siemens (UVAC 2010)
Heat-Transfer Fluid Type: Dowtherm A
Solar-Field Inlet Temp: 293°C
Solar-Field Outlet Temp: 393°C
Solar-Field Temp Difference: 100°C

Power Block
Turbine Capacity (Gross): 50.0 MW
Turbine Capacity (Net): 50.0 MW
Output Type: Steam Rankine
Power Cycle Pressure: 100.0 bar
Cooling Method: Wet cooling
Cooling Method Description: Cooling Towers
Annual Solar-to-Electricity Efficiency (Gross): 15%
Fossil Backup Type: HTF Boiler
Backup Percentage: 12%

Sodium and Potassium Nitrate Molten Salt Thermal Storage 50,000 8:00.00 Alcázar de San Juan, Ciudad Real, Spain Operational
Thumb_aquila Voltage Regulation at L'Aquila

Loccioni Group, with the collaboration of Samsung SDI,
has installed an EES in order to regulate Voltage in Low Voltage lines.
Performed functions are:
Voltage regulation (LV lines), Power factor correction, and Energy Storage

Battery 32 1:00.00 L'Aquila, AQ, Italy Operational
Pedro de Valdivia CSP Solar Plant

Technology: Parabolic trough
Land Area: 1,982 hectares
Project Type: Commercial

Plant Configuration
Solar Field
# of Solar Collector Assemblies (SCAs): 5,376
# of Loops: 1344
# of SCAs per Loop: 4
Heat-Transfer Fluid Type: Thermal Oil
Solar-Field Inlet Temp: 293°C
Solar-Field Outlet Temp: 393°C

Power Block
Turbine Capacity (Gross): 360.0 MW
Turbine Capacity (Net): 360.0 MW
Cooling Method: Dry cooling
Fossil Backup Type: Natural gas

Thermal Storage
Storage Type: 2-tank indirect

Thermal Storage 360,000 10:30.00 Maria Elena, Antofagasta Region, Chile Under Construction
Thumb_photo_augustin_fresnel Augustin Fresnel 1 Solar Power Plant

A prototype concentrating solar power (CSP) pilot project, using linear Fresnel Reflector Technology

Solar Field
Solar-Field Aperture Area: 400 m²
# of Lines: 1
Line Length: 40 m
# of Mirrors across Line: 12
Collector Manufacturer (Model) : Solar Euromed (AF1)
Collector Description: Liner Fresnel Reflectors
Mirror Manufacturer (Model) : Solar Euromed (AF1)
Mirror Manufacturer (Model) : (AF1)
Receiver Manufacturer (Model) : Solar Euromed (AF1)
Receiver Type: Non-evacuated
Receiver Length: 40 m
Heat-Transfer Fluid Type: Water
Solar-Field Outlet Temp: 300°C

Power Block
Turbine output: 0.25 MW
Output Type: Steam Rankine
Power Cycle Pressure: 100.0 bar
Cooling Method: Dry cooling

Heat Thermal Storage 2,500 0:15.00 Targassonne, Pyreneans, France Operational
Thumb_photo_alba_nova Alba Nova 1 Solar Power Plant

Technology: Linear Fresnel reflector
Land Area: 23 hectares
Solar Resource: 1,800 kWh/m2/yr
Source of Solar Resource: Meteo Station
Construction Job-Years: 150
Annual O&M Jobs: 12
PPA/Tariff Period: 20 years
Project Type: Demonstration
Plant Configuration
Solar Field
Solar-Field Aperture Area: 140,000 m²
# of Lines: 21
Line Length: 750 m
# of Mirrors across Line: 12
Collector Manufacturer (Model) : Solar Euromed (AF1)
Collector Description: Linear Fresnel Reflectors
Mirror Manufacturer (Model) : Solar Euromed (AF1)
Receiver Manufacturer (Model) : Solar Euromed (AF1)
Receiver Type: Non-evacuated
Receiver Length: 750 m
Heat-Transfer Fluid Type: Water
Solar-Field Outlet Temp: 300°C

Power Block
Turbine Capacity (Gross): 12.0 MW
Turbine Capacity (Net): 12.0 MW
Output Type: Steam Rankine
Power Cycle Pressure: 65.0 bar
Cooling Method: Dry cooling

Heat Thermal Storage 12,000 1:00.00 Ghisonaccia, Corsica Island, France Under Construction
Thumb_project_profile_termosol_2-1 Termosol 2 Solar Power Plant

Technology: Parabolic trough
Lat/Long Location: 39°11′ 35.0″ North, 5°34′ 34.0″ West
Land Area: 200 hectares
Electricity Generation: 180,000 MWh/yr (Estimated)
PPA/Tariff Type: Real Decreto 661/2007
PPA/Tariff Rate: 27.0 Euro cents per kWh
PPA/Tariff Period: 25 years
PPA/Tariff Information: Feed-in Tariff
Project Type: Commercial

Plant Configuration
Solar Field
Solar-Field Aperture Area: 523,200 m²
# of Solar Collector Assemblies (SCAs): 640
# of Loops: 160
# of SCAs per Loop: 4
SCA Aperture Area: 817 m²
SCA Manufacturer (Model): Sener (SENERtrough)
Mirror Manufacturer (Model): Flabeg (RP3)
Heat-Transfer Fluid Type: Thermal Oil
Solar-Field Inlet Temp: 293°C
Solar-Field Outlet Temp: 393°C

Power Block
Turbine Capacity (Gross): 50.0 MW
Turbine Capacity (Net): 50.0 MW
Output Type: Steam Rankine
Cooling Method: Wet cooling
Fossil Backup Type: HTF Heaters (3x16MWt)

Sodium and Potassium Nitrate Molten Salt Thermal Storage 50,000 9:00.00 Navalvillar de Pela, Badajoz, Spain Operational
KVK Energy Solar Project

Technology: Parabolic trough
PPA/Tariff Rate: 11.2 Rs per kWh
Project Type: Commercial

Plant Configuration
Solar Field
# of Loops: 290
SCA Manufacturer (Model): SENERtrough (SNT0)
Heat-Transfer Fluid Type: Synthetic Oil

Power Block
Turbine Capacity (Gross): 100.0 MW
Turbine Capacity (Net): 100.0 MW
Turbine Manufacturer: Siemens (Germany)
Turbine Description: SST-700
Cooling Method: Wet cooling
Power Block
Turbine Capacity (Gross): 100.0 MW
Turbine Capacity (Net): 100.0 MW
Turbine Manufacturer: Siemens (Germany)
Turbine Description: SST-700
Cooling Method: Wet cooling

Molten Salt Storage 100,000 4:00.00 Askandra, Rajasthan, India Under Construction
Gujarat Solar One

Technology: Parabolic trough
Project Type: Commercial

Generation Offtaker(s): Gujarat Urja Vikas Nigam Ltd

Plant Configuration
Solar Field
SCA Manufacturer (Model): EuroTrough (ET-150)
Mirror Manufacturer (Model): Flabeg (RP-3)
HCE Manufacturer (Model): Schott (PTR-70)
HCE Type (Length): Evacuated (4 m)
Heat-Transfer Fluid Type: Diphyl
HTF Company: Lanxess
Solar-Field Inlet Temp: 293°C
Solar-Field Outlet Temp: 393°C

Power Block
Turbine Capacity (Gross): 25.0 MW
Turbine Capacity (Net): 25.0 MW
Output Type: Steam Rankine
Cooling Method: Wet cooling
Cooling Method Description: Cooling Towers
Fossil Backup Type: None

Molten Salt Storage 25,000 9:00.00 Kutch, Gujarat, India Under Construction
Diwikar CSP Plant

Technology: Parabolic trough
PPA/Tariff Rate: 10.5 Rs per kWh
Project Type: Commercial
Generation Offtaker(s): NTPC Vidyut Vyapar Nigam Limited

Plant Configuration
Solar Field
# of Loops: 290
SCA Manufacturer (Model): SENERtrough (SNT0)
Heat-Transfer Fluid Type: Synthetic Oil

Power Block
Turbine Capacity (Gross): 100.0 MW
Turbine Capacity (Net): 100.0 MW
Turbine Manufacturer: Siemens (Germany)
Turbine Description: SST-700
Cooling Method: Wet cooling

Sodium and Potassium Nitrate Molten Salt Thermal Storage 100,000 4:00.00 Askandra, Rajasthan, India Under Construction
Thumb_111111111 Beijing Badaling Solar Tower

Land Area: 13 acres
Solar Resource: 1,290 kWh/m2/yr
Project Type: Demonstration and experimental platform

Plant Configuration
Solar Field
Heliostat Solar-Field Aperture Area: 10,000 m²
# of Heliostats: 100
Heliostat Aperture Area: 100.0 m²
Heliostat Manufacturer: Himin Solar
Heliostat Description: 64 facets, each facet 1.25x1.25 m2
Tower Height: 118 m
Receiver Manufacturer: Xi’an Jiaotong University, Dongfang Boiler Group Co. Ltd.
Receiver Type: Cavity Receiver
Heat-Transfer Fluid Type: Water/Steam
Receiver Inlet Temp: 104C
Receiver Outlet Temp: 400C

Power Block
Turbine Capacity (Gross): 1.5 MW
Turbine Capacity (Net): 1.5 MW
Turbine Manufacturer: Hangzhou Steam Turbine Company
Output Type: Steam Rankine
Cooling Method: Wet cooling
Annual Solar-to-Electricity Efficiency (Gross): 13.7%
Fossil Backup Type: Oil-fired boiler

Thermal Storage Description: Two stages: saturated steam/oil

Heat Thermal Storage 1,500 1:00.00 Beijing, Yanqing County, China Operational
PVCROPS Evora Demonstration Flow Battery Project

The project aims to develop control strategies to store energy in Building Integrated PV (BIPV) installations.

The University of Evora is the principal partner and host for the system, which has been installed in a building on the university's agriculture and animal husbandry campus in Valverde, just outside Evora.

The system will provide stored solar power to the facility there.

The European Commission chose REDT to build and provide its new flow battery system for this PVCROPS project, which is administered out of the Polytechnica University of Madrid and is included in the EU Seventh Framework Programme (FP7).

High round trip efficiency >80%.

Vanadium Redox Flow Battery 5 12:00.00 University of Evora, Valverde, Evora, Portugal Operational
Thumb_6-710a La Muela pumped-storage plant

With over 2,000 megawatts (MW) capacity, capable of generating 5,000 gigawatt hours a year, the Cortes-La Muela hydroelectric power plant represents local investments of more than €1.2 billion

The project took seven years to complete, during which time thousands of jobs were created through contracts placed with more than 30 companies in the Valencia region, Iberdrola said.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 2,000,000 n/a Cortes-La Muela, Valancia, Spain Operational
Thumb_220px-pavecchaira Chaira Hydro Power Plant

Chaira has generating capacity of 864 MW and a pumping capacity of 788 MW, and is thus the largest pumped-storage plant in southeast Europe. The power plant is equipped with four reversible Francis pump-turbines, each rated at 216 MW in the generating mode, and 197 MW in pumping mode. Units 1 and 2 have been in operation since 1995, and that time Chaira was still first in the world as regards the highest head for a single-stage pump turbine (690 m generating and 701 pumping). Units 3 and 4 came online in 1999. The pump-turbines and motor - generators were supplied by Toshiba, and three of them were manufactured under Japanese supervision in Bulgaria. The upper compensating basin for Chaira is the Belmeken reservoir that is connected to the Chaira pumped storage hydro power plant by two headrace tunnels with a diameter of 4.20 m and two penstocks with diameter 4.40 m, reducing to 4.20 m.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 788,000 8:30.00 Belmeken dam, Belmeken dam, Bulgaria Operational
Belmeken Hydro Power Plant

The project receives its water from the Belmeken Reservoir and has 5 individual turbines with a nominal output of around 75 MW which can deliver up to 375 MW of power, as well as 2 pumps with an installed capacity of 104 MW. It is part of the Belmeken-Chaira-Sestrimo Hydropower Cascade.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 104,000 n/a Belmeken , Pazardzhik, Bulgaria Operational
Thumb_113d2041872144b784168e1d8179fe93 Riedl Energy Storage Plant

With the exception of the upper reservoir situated between the suburbs of Gottsdorf and Riedl, the power plant will be built completely underground and hence not be visible from the outside. The two pump turbines, each with a capacity of 150 megawatt (MW), will be erected in a subterranean cavern at a depth of 250 metres (m) in the "Donauleiten" nature protection area.

The project will contribute significantly towards strengthening the regional economy. Once engineering details and ecological assessments have been completed, approval procedures will commence in mid 2011. Once the project has been approved, as expected, construction is to begin in 2015 and commissioning is planned for 2019.

Investment volume: 350 million Euro

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 300,000 n/a Gottsdorf , Bavaria, Austria Announced
Thumb_dsc02567 Global Change Institute M120

RedFlow's M120 building-integrated energy storage system (BIES) has been operational since September 2013. The M120 is rated at 120kW / 288kWh and houses 36 of RedFlow's ZBMs in the basement of the University of Queensland's new Global Change Institute building, which is designed as a 6-star GreenStar rating. The M120 BIES is connected to the building's load and 140kW-peak roof-top solar panels.

Zinc Bromine Redox Flow Battery 120 2:30.00 University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia Operational
María Elena CSP Plant (Maria Elena)

In separate acts, Chile's environmental evaluation service SEA and public lands authority Seremi of northern region II advanced solar power development of the Atacama desert.

SEA approved the environmental impact assessment (EIA) of the María Elena 400MW concentrated solar power (CSP) project. The project includes the phased construction of four 100MW receptor towers over a five-year period for an estimated total cost of US$3.29bn, Chile's energy ministry said in a press release.

María Elena will be built on 2,897ha and will have a 35-year life expectancy. "This is the second CSP plant approved in the [northern power grid] SING as well as the second in Chile," Antofagasta regional governor Pablo Toloza said.

Molten Salt Storage 50,000 7:00.00 Maria Elena, Antofagasta, Chile Announced
Thumb_img_0096 National Rural Electric Cooperative Association/Cooperative Research Network- Distributed Energy Storage Research Project

Instillation inludes eleven 5 kW/10 kWh and six 10 kW/20 kWh Silent Power storage units installed at cooperative member locations as part of DOE funded CRN administered study on residential storage.

Sealed Lead Acid Battery 115 3:00.00 Jordan, Minnesota, United States Operational
Yuza Wind Farm Battery

The wind farm has been operating commercially since 2010 with a total rated capacity of 15.4MW output from the wind turbines combined with a lead acid battery system for output stabilization with a rated power of 4.5MW: LL-W with a rated capacity of 10.5MWh.

In the Tohoku-Area Japan, for the wind farm to be connected to the grid and sell the generated electricity to the utility, the output from the system must be kept within 10% of the rated output of the wind generation in a randomly selected 20 minute time range. The LL-W is a specially developed VRLA(Valve Regulated Lead Acid) battery to be used at PSOC (Partial State of Charge suited for stabilizing the output fluctuation from the wind generation, and with an expected lifetime of 17 years. As lead acid batteries are a cost efficient technology, especially combined with the long life of the LL-W which requires no major additional costs, such as replacements, the system contributes to the cost reduction of the overall project.

http://www.hitachi.com/rev/field/devices_materials/__icsFiles/afieldfile/2011/02/24/r2011_01_104.pdf

Valve Regulated Lead Acid Battery (VRLA) 4,500 2:20.00 Yuza, Yamagata, Japan Operational
Green Mountain Power Ice Storage Pilot Project

GMP is installing three Ice Bear energy storage systems, integrated with monitoring and control capabilities, in two downtown locations owned by MKF Properties. The units will serve the Citizens Bank building at the corner of West Street and Merchants Row and the Gryphon Building, both of them historic Rutland buildings.

The Ice Bear consists of a large thermal storage tank that attaches directly to a building's existing roof-top air-conditioning system. The Ice Bear energy storage unit operates in two basic modes, ice cooling and ice charging, to store cooling energy at night, and to deliver that energy the following day.

Ice Thermal Storage 45 4:40.00 Rutland, Vermont, United States Operational
Adele CAES Project

The first adiabatic CAES project; the heat that appears during compression is also stored, and then returned to the air when the air is expanded. Construction will begin in 2013 in Staßfurt, a city in Sachsen-Anhalt, Germany (ADELE stands for the German acronym for adiabatic compressed air energy storage for electricity supply). The project is a joint effort between RWE, General Electric, Zueblin, and the German Aerospace Center. The German Federal Ministry of Economics is also providing state funding. Altogether, the project members will contribute an amount of EUR 10 million.

In-ground IsoThermal Compressed Air Storage 200,000 5:00.00 Staßfurt, Sachsen-Anhalt, Germany Under Construction
Thumb_capture Coral Bay PowerStore Flywheel Project

Coral Bay is the gateway to the Ningaloo Reef World Heritage Area in Northwestern Australia, where power demand increases significantly during the tourist season. A PowerStore grid-stabilizing system and DCS power management solution oversees the town’s power supply, which consists of seven 320 kilowatt (kW) low-load diesel generation units combined with three 200 kW wind turbines. PowerStore’s 500 kW flywheel technology enables the wind turbines to supply up to 95 percent of Coral Bay’s energy supply at times, with a total annual wind penetration of 45 percent, while maintaining city grid standards of power stability and quality. Power station data indicates more than 80 percent of Coral Bay’s power is wind generated for one-third of the year. The data also shows that for nearly 900 hours per year, wind provides more than 90 percent of Coral Bay’s power supply. PowerStore maximizes an environmentally friendly solution.

The PowerStore is a compact and versatile flywheel-based grid stabilizing generator. Its main purpose is to stabilize power systems against fluctuations in frequency and voltage. It includes state-of-the-art inverters and virtual generator control software. It enables the integration of intermittent and often erratic renewable generation and the higher utilization of renewable energy generators, protecting remote communities from exposure to volatile oil prices.

PowerStore safeguards conventional microgrids, and ensures the safe integration of large amounts of wind and solar energy, reducing emissions and dependency on fossil fuels. High-speed software controls the power flow into and out of the flywheel, essentially making it a high inertia electrical shock absorber that can instantly smooth out power fluctuations generated by wind turbines or solar arrays.

PowerStore acts like a STATCOM (advanced grid technology that quickly stabilizes voltage and improves power quality) and in addition is capable of rapidly absorbing or injecting real power within an isolated power network. It can stabilize both voltage and frequency, hold 18 MWs (megawatt seconds) of energy and shift from full absorption to full injection in 1 millisecond to stabilize the grid.

Flywheel 500 0:00.60 Coral Bay, Western Australia, Australia Operational
Thumb_capture Marble Bar PowerStore Flywheel Project

The world’s first high penetration, solar photovoltaic diesel power stations were commissioned in 2010 in the towns of Nullagine and Marble Bar, in Western Australia. The projects include more than 2,000 solar modules and a solar tracking system that follows the path of the sun throughout the day. When the sun is shining, PowerStore grid-stabilizing technology and DCS power management solution ensures maximum solar energy (100% peak penetration) goes into the network by lowering diesel generation, up to the minimum loading of the generation units. When the sun is obscured, the PowerStore covers the loss of solar power generation as the DCS ramps up the diesel generation, so the network has an uninterrupted energy supply. The solar energy systems generate over 1 gigawatt hour (GWh) of renewable energy per year, supplying 60 percent of the average daytime energy for both towns, saving 405,000 liters of fuel and 1,100 metric tons of greenhouse gas emissions each year.

The PowerStore is a compact and versatile flywheel-based grid stabilizing generator. Its main purpose is to stabilize power systems against fluctuations in frequency and voltage. It includes state-of-the-art inverters and virtual generator control software. It enables the integration of intermittent and often erratic renewable generation and the higher utilization of renewable energy generators, protecting remote communities from exposure to volatile oil prices.

PowerStore safeguards conventional microgrids, and ensures the safe integration of large amounts of wind and solar energy, reducing emissions and dependency on fossil fuels. High-speed software controls the power flow into and out of the flywheel, essentially making it a high inertia electrical shock absorber that can instantly smooth out power fluctuations generated by wind turbines or solar arrays.

PowerStore acts like a STATCOM (advanced grid technology that quickly stabilizes voltage and improves power quality) and in addition is capable of rapidly absorbing or injecting real power within an isolated power network. It can stabilize both voltage and frequency, hold 18 MWs (megawatt seconds) of energy and shift from full absorption to full injection in 1 millisecond to stabilize the grid.

Flywheel 500 0:00.60 Marble Bar, Western Australia, Australia Operational
Thumb_capture Ross Island PowerStore Flywheel Project

New Zealand’s Scott Base and America’s McMurdo Station in Antarctica are important research bases and home to about 1,200 people in the Antarctic summer. They have always relied completely on fossil fuels for power and heating, until a new system based on wind turbines, a new distributed control system and PowerStore grid-stabilizing technology was commissioned in 2009. The bases still need back-up diesel generators, but three 333 kilowatt (kW) wind turbines reduce the amount of diesel required for power generation by around 463,000 liters, and cut CO2 emissions by 1,242 metric tons per year, while lowering the risks of transporting and storing liquid fuel in this precious environment. A frequency converter interconnects the Scott and McMurdo bases, which operate at different frequencies - 50 Hz (NZ) and 60 Hz (US), allowing power flow in both directions.

The PowerStore is a compact and versatile flywheel-based grid stabilizing generator. Its main purpose is to stabilize power systems against fluctuations in frequency and voltage. It includes state-of-the-art inverters and virtual generator control software. It enables the integration of intermittent and often erratic renewable generation and the higher utilization of renewable energy generators, protecting remote communities from exposure to volatile oil prices.

PowerStore safeguards conventional microgrids, and ensures the safe integration of large amounts of wind and solar energy, reducing emissions and dependency on fossil fuels. High-speed software controls the power flow into and out of the flywheel, essentially making it a high inertia electrical shock absorber that can instantly smooth out power fluctuations generated by wind turbines or solar arrays.

PowerStore acts like a STATCOM (advanced grid technology that quickly stabilizes voltage and improves power quality) and in addition is capable of rapidly absorbing or injecting real power within an isolated power network. It can stabilize both voltage and frequency, hold 18 MWs (megawatt seconds) of energy and shift from full absorption to full injection in 1 millisecond to stabilize the grid.

Flywheel 500 0:00.60 Ross, Ross Island, Antarctica Operational
Thumb_capture Leinster Nickel Operation PowerStore Flywheel Project

BHP Billiton’s Leinster nickel mine in Western Australia is the third-largest producer of nickel concentrate in the world. Ore is extracted from 1,000 meters underground with a large, electrically driven winder, which at 8.5 megawatts (MW) of demand shift over 120 seconds is a large cyclic load, given the unit’s average power consumption is just 2 MW. To upgrade the winder’s power supply, BHP installed a 1 MW PowerStore system, which reduced the total demand shift to 6.5 MW while adding 1 MW of spinning reserve to the system. Its flywheel-based energy storage system provides peak lopping and overcomes transient and cyclic loads on grid connected or isolated systems. The mine was able to increase winder production without affecting power system reliability. Fully automated, PowerStore gets power to the winder when it’s needed most, and provides high resolution data of winder performance and local electrical grid disturbances.

The PowerStore is a compact and versatile flywheel-based grid stabilizing generator. Its main purpose is to stabilize power systems against fluctuations in frequency and voltage. It includes state-of-the-art inverters and virtual generator control software. It enables the integration of intermittent and often erratic renewable generation and the higher utilization of renewable energy generators, protecting remote communities from exposure to volatile oil prices.

PowerStore safeguards conventional microgrids, and ensures the safe integration of large amounts of wind and solar energy, reducing emissions and dependency on fossil fuels. High-speed software controls the power flow into and out of the flywheel, essentially making it a high inertia electrical shock absorber that can instantly smooth out power fluctuations generated by wind turbines or solar arrays.

PowerStore acts like a STATCOM (advanced grid technology that quickly stabilizes voltage and improves power quality) and in addition is capable of rapidly absorbing or injecting real power within an isolated power network. It can stabilize both voltage and frequency, hold 18 MWs (megawatt seconds) of energy and shift from full absorption to full injection in 1 millisecond to stabilize the grid.

Flywheel 1,000 0:00.60 Leinster, Western Australia, Australia Operational
Flores (the Azores) PowerStore Flywheel Project

The PowerStore is a compact and versatile flywheel-based grid stabilizing generator. Its main purpose is to stabilize power systems against fluctuations in frequency and voltage. It includes state-of-the-art inverters and virtual generator control software. It enables the integration of intermittent and often erratic renewable generation and the higher utilization of renewable energy generators, protecting remote communities from exposure to volatile oil prices.

PowerStore safeguards conventional microgrids, and ensures the safe integration of large amounts of wind and solar energy, reducing emissions and dependency on fossil fuels. High-speed software controls the power flow into and out of the flywheel, essentially making it a high inertia electrical shock absorber that can instantly smooth out power fluctuations generated by wind turbines or solar arrays.

PowerStore acts like a STATCOM (advanced grid technology that quickly stabilizes voltage and improves power quality) and in addition is capable of rapidly absorbing or injecting real power within an isolated power network. It can stabilize both voltage and frequency, hold 18 MWs (megawatt seconds) of energy and shift from full absorption to full injection in 1 millisecond to stabilize the grid.

Flywheel 500 0:00.60 Flores, The Azores, Portugal Operational
Graciosa (the Azores) PowerStore Flywheel Project

The PowerStore is a compact and versatile flywheel-based grid stabilizing generator. Its main purpose is to stabilize power systems against fluctuations in frequency and voltage. It includes state-of-the-art inverters and virtual generator control software. It enables the integration of intermittent and often erratic renewable generation and the higher utilization of renewable energy generators, protecting remote communities from exposure to volatile oil prices.

PowerStore safeguards conventional microgrids, and ensures the safe integration of large amounts of wind and solar energy, reducing emissions and dependency on fossil fuels. High-speed software controls the power flow into and out of the flywheel, essentially making it a high inertia electrical shock absorber that can instantly smooth out power fluctuations generated by wind turbines or solar arrays.

PowerStore acts like a STATCOM (advanced grid technology that quickly stabilizes voltage and improves power quality) and in addition is capable of rapidly absorbing or injecting real power within an isolated power network. It can stabilize both voltage and frequency, hold 18 MWs (megawatt seconds) of energy and shift from full absorption to full injection in 1 millisecond to stabilize the grid.

Flywheel 500 0:00.60 Graciosa, The Azores, Portugal Operational
Lanzarote PowerStore Flywheel Project

This facility, which has a budget of 1.2 million euros, will be located next to the 66 kilovolt (kV) Mácher substation, in the municipality of Tías in Lanzarote.

The flywheel can inject into or absorb from the grid a maximum power of 1.65 MW for about 12 seconds, providing a total of about 18 megawatts per second (MWs) of energy, depending on the programming of the equipment. This will also help mitigate the effects of sudden changes in system frequency within pre-established parameters, giving it stability, something that is very important in isolated systems.

Flywheel 1,600 0:00.27 Tias, Lanzarote, Spain Operational
Kalbarri Wind Farm Project PowerStore Flywheel Project

The PowerStore is a compact and versatile flywheel-based grid stabilizing generator. Its main purpose is to stabilize power systems against fluctuations in frequency and voltage. It includes state-of-the-art inverters and virtual generator control software. It enables the integration of intermittent and often erratic renewable generation and the higher utilization of renewable energy generators, protecting remote communities from exposure to volatile oil prices.

PowerStore safeguards conventional microgrids, and ensures the safe integration of large amounts of wind and solar energy, reducing emissions and dependency on fossil fuels. High-speed software controls the power flow into and out of the flywheel, essentially making it a high inertia electrical shock absorber that can instantly smooth out power fluctuations generated by wind turbines or solar arrays.

PowerStore acts like a STATCOM (advanced grid technology that quickly stabilizes voltage and improves power quality) and in addition is capable of rapidly absorbing or injecting real power within an isolated power network. It can stabilize both voltage and frequency, hold 18 MWs (megawatt seconds) of energy and shift from full absorption to full injection in 1 millisecond to stabilize the grid.

Flywheel 1,000 0:00.60 Kalbarri, Western Australia, Australia Operational
La Gomera PowerStore Flywheel System

The PowerStore is a compact and versatile flywheel-based grid stabilizing generator. Its main purpose is to stabilize power systems against fluctuations in frequency and voltage. It includes state-of-the-art inverters and virtual generator control software. It enables the integration of intermittent and often erratic renewable generation and the higher utilization of renewable energy generators, protecting remote communities from exposure to volatile oil prices.

PowerStore safeguards conventional microgrids, and ensures the safe integration of large amounts of wind and solar energy, reducing emissions and dependency on fossil fuels. High-speed software controls the power flow into and out of the flywheel, essentially making it a high inertia electrical shock absorber that can instantly smooth out power fluctuations generated by wind turbines or solar arrays.

PowerStore acts like a STATCOM (advanced grid technology that quickly stabilizes voltage and improves power quality) and in addition is capable of rapidly absorbing or injecting real power within an isolated power network. It can stabilize both voltage and frequency, hold 18 MWs (megawatt seconds) of energy and shift from full absorption to full injection in 1 millisecond to stabilize the grid.

Flywheel 500 0:00.60 La Gomera, Canary Islands, Spain Operational
Canary Islands Battery Demo Project

Demonstration of various energy storage technologies in weak and isolated networks, exploring its operational possibilities for the arbitrage of power, voltage regulation, load leveling and peak shaving, and frequency regulation. There are three sub-projects: IonLi Technologies, Flywheel and Ultra capacitors

Lithium Ion Battery 1,000 3:00.00 Gran Canaria, Canary Islands, Spain Operational
LA Metro Wayside Flywheel Energy Strorage System

Designing a 6 MW wayside energy storage system (WESS) type installation

1st phase will be to install a 2 MW flywheel based energy storage system

Goal is to reduce the transit authorities utility bill by absorbing regenerative braking energy and delivering back when the train accelerates away from the station

A controller, independent of the WESS, will be utilized to command the WESS to charge, discharge as required

Flywheel 2,000 0:00.25 16232 Shoemaker Avenue, Cerritos, California 90703, United States Under Construction
Thumb_the-isle-of-gigha-hotel-011 Gigha Wind Farm Battery Project

The Scottish island of Gigha is to be the focus of a £2.5m experiment aimed at solving a major technological problem: how to store energy generated by wind, tide and wave power plants. The project, which will involve building giant batteries containing 75,000 litres of sulphuric acid mixed with vanadium pentoxide, is intended to allow power generated by the island's wind turbines to be stored for later use.

http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2005/jun/29/energy.environment

Vanadium Redox Flow Battery 100 12:00.00 Gigha, Scotland, United Kingdom Announced
Thumb_download Kruonis Hydro Pumped Storage Project

Kruonis Pumped storage hydroelectric plant is the only hydro power plant of such type in Baltic states. After commissioning of the fourth unit in 1998, installed capacity of the plant has reached 900MW. During periods of low demand, usually at night, Kruonis PSHP is operated in pump mode, and, using cheap surplus energy, raises water from lower reservoir to upper one. With fully filled upper reservoir the plant can generate 900 MW for about 12 hours. Automatically started, the plant can reach full capacity in less than 2 min. Rapid response to demand is very important in case of emergency in the power system, such as shutdown of Ignalina nuclear power plant.

Another important feature of the plant is frequency and voltage regulation capability. Operated in synchronous condenser mode with depressed water from draft tube each unit of the plant can change output of reactive power from –120 MVAr to +180 MVAr.

Two frequency converters, 16 MW capacity each, are used for smooth starting in pump mode.

Pump - turbine

Type - Francis, reversible
Diameter of runner - 6,3 m
Max. capacity in a turbine mode - 225 MW
Capacity in a pump mode - 225 MW
Speed of rotation - 150 rpm
Discharge in a turbine mode - 226 m3/s
Discharge in a pump mode - 189 m3/s
Rated head - 103,5 m
Manufacturing plant - Sanct-Peterburg LMZ

Motor - generator

Type - synchronous, vertical
Capacity - 248 MVA
Voltage - 15,75 kV
Weight - 1120 t
Manufacturer - Kharkov ETM

Note, the name of this project was Kaishador.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 900,000 12:00.00 Kruonis, Kaunas County, Lithuania Operational
Thumb_banniere_haut Nant de Drance Pumped Hydro Storage Power

Nant de Drance SA is building a pumped storage power station in the Valais municipality of Finhaut. The facility will be situated in an underground cavern between the existing Emosson and Vieux Emosson reservoirs. The power station is designed to generate electricity at peak consumption times and to balance out the irregular and variable electricity generation from renewable energy sources. Work on excavating the underground machine cavern has been under way since mid-2012. The dimensions are impressive: 190 meters long, 52 meters high and 32 meters wide. The excavation should be completed in March 2014. The work to raise the height of the Vieux-Emosson dam was started in the spring of 2013. After completion of the construction work, which will take another two years through to the autumn of 2015, the dam will have gained 20 metres in height. The structural steelwork and the installation of the machines will be started in 2014. The commissioning of the power station will take place in stages from 2017.

http://www.flickr.com/photos/alpiq/sets/72157630544029988/

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 900,000 n/a Finhaut, Martigny, Switzerland Under Construction
Thumb_ova_spin Ova Spin Pumped Hydro Storage Power Station

The Ova Spin Pumped Hydro Power Station has a live storage capacity of 6.24 million m³, a lake area of 0.34 km², top water level at 1,630 meters above sea level, and a minimum water level pf 1,600 meters above sea level.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 47,000 n/a Zernez, Grisons, Switzerland Operational
Thumb_bf963e14c0 Lago Bianco Pumped Hydro Storage Power Station

In the upper Puschlav Repower plans to implement a 1,000-megawatt pumped storage plant . The powerful system takes the place of the former "Project 95", and was developed together with environmental organizations as an alternative to the earlier expansion options. The future pumped storage plant uses the Lago Bianco on the Bernina Pass and the Lake Poschiavo as storage. By a 18 km long pressure tunnel on the right side of the valley of the Poschiavo and a 2.5-kilometer-long pressure tunnel, the water reaches the main power station at Camp Martin on Poschiavo . The connection to the power grid via the existing international 380-kilovolt line. Repower has submitted the concession project in 2010. End of October, the population of the municipality Poschiavo has approved the concession contracts at the polls with 65% in favor. On 13 December 2010, where the municipal assembly of Pontresina Lagobianco clear green light for the project. If the concessions are approved by the State, then start the project approval process. The construction period is about six to seven years.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,000,000 n/a Poschiavo, Grisons, Switzerland Under Construction
Thumb_510c6936d9 Ferrera Pumped Hydro Storage Power Plant

In the underground central Ferrera stored in the Valle di Lei reservoir water level of the uppermost slope through turbines and subsequently passed through the transfer tunnel Ferrera Sufers Sufers in the reservoir. The cavern is 143 m long, 29 m wide and - measured in the First - 24 m high. To the cavern include a 180 m long access tunnel, the underwater castle, a cable tunnel and several other studs for the inlet and outlet of the water and for ventilation. With a maximum gradient of 524 m can in three high-pressure Francis turbines, 45 m 3 / s are processed. Pelton turbines today are so large gap still common, the installation of Francis turbines, the construction of the center, a pioneering achievement. Due to the seasonal storage in the Valle di Lei, it is possible to move a large part of the production from summer to winter. For this, the water level will drop the top on the one hand retained in memory during the summer and on the other hand pumped water from the equalization tank or reservoir Ferrera Sufers. The three groups in the horizontal axis machines Pumpspeicherwerk Ferrera serve not only to generate electricity: The generators are also engines for storage pumps, which pump the jam in the equalization tank Ferrera water from the intermediate catchment area of the Valle di Lei. With two vertical-feed pumps in the basement, water can be pumped from the reservoir into the equalization tank Sufers Ferrera and to the memory pumps. Thus, it is possible to largely adapt production to consumption.

http://physicshydropower.wikispaces.com/"

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 185,000 n/a Ragn de Ferrera, Graubünden, Switzerland Operational
Mapragg Pumped Hydro Storage Power Plant

With an installed capacity of 370 MW in turbine mode KSL produce about 490 million kilowatt-hours of electrical energy per year. The two power plant stages Mapragg and Sarelli use water inflows of approximately 160 km ² large catchment area in the white fir and Calfeisental and summarize this in the two reservoirs Gigerwald and Mapragg. During off-peak periods, the water can be pumped from the reservoir into the reservoir Mapragg Gigerwald and demand re-used for electricity production.

http://industryabout.com/europe/switzerland/1974-switzerland-hydro-power/22565-mapragg-dam

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 370,000 n/a Stausee Mapragg, Pfäfers, Switzerland Operational
Thumb_download__1_ Linthal 2015 (Linth-Limmen Expansion) Pumped Hydro Storage Power Plant

One of the most important development projects of Axpo "Linthal 2015". A new underground pumped storage power plant to pump water back from the Limmernsee in the 630 meters higher in Muttsee and use for power production again if necessary. The new plant will have a performance and a turbine output of 1000 MW each.Thus, the capacity of power plants Lintharena-Limmern increased (KLL) from currently 480 MW to 1480 MW. This is equivalent in terms of performance of the nuclear power plant body or the city water Cleuson Dixence. Thus the power supply in the Northeast and Central Switzerland is to be secured for the future. It is expected but with a construction period of just over five years and with the recording operation in 2015/2016. Up to 500 people will be employed at various construction sites. The investment for this project is estimated at around 2.1 billion Swiss francs. The project required an early relicensing of KLL. Kraftwerke Linth-Limmern AG (KLL) is the owner of the plant and is a joint partnership between the Canton of Glarus and Axpo.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,000,000 n/a Linthal, Glarus, Switzerland Under Construction
Tierfehd (Nestil) Pumped Hydro Storage

The Linth–Limmern Power Stations are a system of hydroelectric power stations located south of Linthal in the canton of Glarus, Switzerland. Using five reservoirs and three power stations at steep variations in altitude, the scheme currently has an installed capacity of 479.8 MW. Construction on the Limmern Dam and Linth–Limmern Power Stations began in 1957. The Limmern Dam was complete in 1963 and the power stations were all operational by 1968. By 2009, the 140 MW pumped-storage component between Lake Limmern and Tierfehd was commissioned. In 2010 construction began on the Linthal 2015 project, which is the addition of a 1,000 MW pumped-storage component between Lake Mutt and Lake Limmern. This also includes an expansion of Lake Mutt and the Tierfehd Balancing Reservoir.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linth%E2%80%93Limmern_Power_Stations

http://www.renewableenergyworld.com/rea/news/article/2009/07/hydropower-in-europe-current-status-future-opportunities

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 141,000 n/a Tierfehd, 8783 Glarus Süd, Switzerland Operational
Thumb_1338796494932 Etzelwerk Pumped Hydro Storage Power Station

The dam has a triangular cross section and a volume of 28 000 cubic meters. On the right side of the wall, the tunnel is running with a valve chamber, and from there to a 2900 meter long pressure tunnel to the water castle. The headrace tunnel is divided after the surge pressure in two lines, each 2,200 meters length. Due to this, the engine water reaches the turbines in the old village center.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 135,000 n/a Sihlsee, Einsiedeln, Switzerland Operational
Robiei Pumped Hydro Storage Power Station

Located in the upper Bavonatal, fed by the reservoir Cavagnoli Naret, with four groups of vertical-axis Francis pump-turbines of 40 MW, 1000 r / min. Isogyre and a group of 10 MW, 1500 r / min.equipped, it uses an average of 338 m Nutzgefälle. The water then flows into the overflow tank Robiei.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 160,000 n/a Bignasco, Ticino, Switzerland Operational
Handeck 3 Pumped Hydro Storage Power Station

The Handeck 3 power plant is very complicated as it fulfills a number of different functions. Built between 1972 and 1976. Water can be moved from Lake Räterichsboden to the Hand-eck reservoir or sent over to the Gadmen valley. Water can also come from the Gadmen val-ley and then pumped up to Lake Räterichsboden. The runner wheels here can be used as both pump and turbine.

Power Plant Data:
Construction = 1972 - 1976
Pump-turbine group "Isogyre" (Francis wheels)
Turbine operation
Installed turbine capacity in megawatt (MW) = 55 MW
Inflow = 14 m3/m
Head = 450m
Difference in altitude between Lake Räterichsboden, Lake Mattenalp and the Handeck reser-voir
Pump operation
Capacity in megawatts (MW) = 46 MW
Inflow = 8.5 m3/m
Head = 460 m
Difference in altitude between the Trift intake and Lake Räterichsboden
Diagonal pump (Francis wheels)
Capacity in megawatts = 4.5 MW
Inflow = 7.5 m3/m
Head =30 m
Difference in altitude between the Handeck reservoir and the Trift intake
Energy in millions of kilowatt hours = 40

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 55,000 n/a Gadmen Valley, Bern, Switzerland Operational
Thumb_maschine2_l2-508px Grimsel 2 Pumped Hydro Storage Power Station

Built between 1973 and 1980. The four machi-ne groups, each with a pump and turbine wheel on the same shaft, use the gradient between the Oberaar and Grimsel Lakes.
Water is pumped, using surplus grid electricity, from the Grimsel 2 pump storage plant to a higher lying lake and stored to produce electricity at a later point.

Power Plant Data:
Number and type of turbines = 4 Francis turbines
Energy in millions of kilowatt hours = 600
Inflow = 93 m3/s
Head = 400m
Number and type of pumps = 4 (Francis wheels)
Max pump capacity in MW = 363
Inflow = 80 m3/s
Head = 400

http://innovation.edf.com/fichiers/fckeditor/Commun/Innovation/conference/Avellan-Stockage%20hydraulique%20en%20Suisse_vf.pdf

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 350,000 n/a Guttannen, Bern, Switzerland Operational
Thumb_setwidth170-pumpspeicherwerkg3 Grimsel 3 Pumped Hydro Storage Power Station

The  Grimsel 3 Pump Storage Power Plant will be situated underground and uses water between the existing lakes of Oberaar and Räterichsboden.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 600,000 n/a Guttannen, Bern, Switzerland Under Construction
Thumb_content_95-58847-32_power_plant_gougra_switzerland_medium_tcm61_18292__1_ Gourga Pumped Hydro Storage Power Station

The Motrices Gougra Forces use of water power from the Val d'Anniviers Valley Turtmann through Moiry dam built in 1954 above Grimentz. It is 148 meters high and 610 meters long. The water reservoir feeds the plants Mottec, Vissoie and Chippis (Navizence).

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 164,000 n/a Moiry, Vaud, Switzerland Operational
Thumb_hongrin-leman_700x500_tcm95-85496__1_ Hongrin-Leman Pumped Hydro Storage Power Station

A special feature of this dam is its design: a double curvature arch dam connected by an abutment. A tunnel more than 20 kilometers in length was built to transport the water into the reservoir, from where it flows through an almost 8 kilometer long line before flowing through turbines to generate electricity. Veytaux power plant - alt 377 m
Pump-turbine power plant: during off-peak periods, water from Lake Geneva is discharged at a rate of 24 m3 per second to be turbined during periods of high demand.

2 x 4 Pelton turbines and 4 pumps
Gross head: 878 m

L'Hongrin dam - alt 1255 m
Reservoir capacity: 52 m m3
Type: double arch
Height: 123 m / 95 m
Crest: 600 m
Catchment area: 90.8 km2
Area: 160 ha"

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 240,000 n/a Hongrin, Vaud, Switzerland Operational
Thumb_content_95-58847-32_emosson Emosson Pumped Hydro Storage Power Station

Situated at an altitude of 1930 meters, the Emosson reservoir is partly fed by the waters of the Mont Blanc massif. Energy is generated in the Vallorcine and Martigny-La Bâtiaz stations located around 1,400 meters lower down. The water stored in the reservoir is sufficient to generate electricity to illuminate a city of 250,000 residents. http://www.emosson.ch/PublicEN/Presentation.htm

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 360,000 n/a Lac d'Emosson, Saint-Maurice, Switzerland Operational
Thumb_fmhl-plus-general-view700x500_tcm95-85538 Veytaux (FMHL+) Pumped Hydro Storage Power Plant

With the FMHL+ project the capacity of the Veytaux pumped storage power station will be increased from 240 MW to 480 MW, 60 MW act as a reserve. To achieve this, two machine groups with 120 MW capacity each will be installed in a new cavern that is currently being excavated. The construction work has been in progress since 7 April 2011. After its commissioning, which is scheduled for the end of 2015, the pumped storage power station with one billion kWh of peak energy per year will generate virtually twice as much electricity as at present (520 million kWh). In order to achieve this, Forces Motrices Hongrin-Léman SA (FMHL), in which Alpiq holds a share of almost 40 percent, is investing 331 million Swiss francs. The pumped storage power station Veytaux will play a crucial role in supplying electricity to the French-speaking part of Switzerland. The project is the response to the increasing demand for balancing energy, which has been triggered by the rapid development of the new renewable energies that generate energy in an intermittent and fluctuating manner. Thanks to its high degree of flexibility, the Veytaux power station is able to quickly balance out such fluctuations. At peak times, the water from the Hongrin reservoir is channelled through the turbines of the Veytaux power station located 800 metres lower down, while during off-peak times, the excess energy is used to pump water from Lake Geneva up to the Hongrin reservoir.

Please note that the Hogrin-Leman is a separate plant.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 240,000 n/a Veytaux, Montreux, Switzerland Under Construction
Thumb__mg_8133 America 2.0 Lithium Ion Battery

Grid to battery for electric vessel propulsion within New York harbor.

Lithium Ion Battery 250 2:30.00 Chelsea Pier, New York, New York 10011, United States Under Construction
Thumb_luenerseewerk_1_rdax_192x133 Lünerseewerk Pumped Hydro Storage Plant

The Lünerseewerk is primarily used as a pumped storage plant built in 1958.

The power house of the Lünerseewerkes is a typical construction of the 50s. Even in the wake of modernization in the powerhouse Illwerke are trying to take on the architecture of consideration and to obtain the greatest possible extent.

Technical features
The Lünerseewerk was at the time of commissioning the most powerful pumped storage plant in the world. The penstock to Lünerseewerk was conducted freely concrete benchmarks, the transmission of the anchor forces was not made ​​by the previously conventional concreting of the pipes, but by steel structures.

With a lifting height of max. 1 005 m were the storage pumps up to then the most powerful of its kind A new element in the construction of power plants put the hydraulic starting converter between the turbine and the pump represents the extremely high peripheral speed of the rotor of the motor generator overspeed of the machine set required special designs to accommodate the large centrifugal forces.

The distribution pipeline instructed regarding the internal pressure and diameter on the all-time high characteristics.

The end of the gravity tunnel partenen - Latschau is expanded as pumping water channel for the Lünerseewerk. This allows water quantities that come from partenen be pumped through the Lünerseewerk directly into the Luenersee. In execution, the entire gradient from Luenersee to Rodund available.

Alternatively, it is possible to supply about backing pumps water from the reservoir Latschau the pumping water channel and thus the pumping operation. The amount of pumping water channel through the machine hall of Lünerseewerkes maintains the required inlet pressure for the pump.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 232,000 n/a Luenersee, 6773 Vandans, Austria Operational
Thumb_rodundwerki_1_rdax_192x133 Rodundwerk I Pumped Hydro Station

Absorbed motor power in pump operation 41 MW
standard capacity 332 million kWh

The energy produced from the Gefällstufe Latschau - Rodund is used to generate peak and control energy from the water volumes of the annual Kops, Silvretta, Luenersee and the Vermuntsee and other tributaries. In addition, the Rodundwerk comes I also the task of Wälzpumpspeicherung to.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 198,000 n/a Rodundwerk, Vandans, Austria Operational
Thumb_rifawerk_1_rdax_192x133 Rifawerk Pumped Hydro Plant

For simultaneous operation of Kopswerkes I and Vermuntwerkes the accumulated water from the equalization tank partenen is relocated to the balance tank Rifa and the slope of the process, used by turbine operation in power plant Rifa. In off-peak periods, a pump operating in the reverse direction. The Rifawerk thus establishes water management connection of the two equalization tanks partenen and Rifa.
To ensure the quality of the electrical energy and to further consolidate the position of Illwerke in the liberalized market, the balancing reservoir Rifa was enlarged in partenen. By increasing the dam around 5 m and the establishment or increase of retaining walls on the crest of the content of the basin from 0.6 to 1.27 million cubic meters of water was increased. The commissioning of the elevated tank in the autumn of 2004 (dam increase) or in autumn 2010 (retaining walls).

It also takes over the function as underwater and pumped storage reservoir basin for the Kops II.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 7,000 n/a Rifa, 6793 Gaschurn, Austria Operational
Thumb_rellswerk_grafik1_rdax_192x136 Rellswerk Pumped Hydro Project

The design flow of the dam allows 1.5 m³ per second with a minimum/maximum gross head of 442/522 meters. The net control capacity of inflow is around 18 million kWh / a.

Motor power pump operation allows a maximum of 15 MW with a turbine capacity of about 12 MW. The flow of the storage pump is 2.6 m³ per second. Water flow in turbine operation is 2.6 m³ per second.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 12,000 n/a Lünersee, Vadans, Austria Under Construction
Thumb_nagarjuna_sagar_dam_andhra_pradesh Nagarjuna Sagar Pumped Hydro Station Tail Pond Project

Presently, the 700 MW reversible hydro turbines (7 x 100 MW) located at the toe of Nagarjuna Sagar Dam are unable to operate in pumping mode due to non availability of tail pond for storing the released water during the power generation mode. With the completion of tail pond, surplus electricity from the electricity grid would be used for pumping the water back to the Nagarjuna Sagar reservoir and recycled for meeting peaking load on daily basis. Thus surplus electricity is consumed when it is available and used to meet the peak electricity requirements without letting the water out of the Nagarjuna Sagar tail pond. 700 MW peaking power for eight hours duration can be met from the one Tmcft of live storage water capacity available in the tail pond.

http://www.apgenco.gov.in/viewHTMLpage.asp?lfile=uploadedfiles/nstpd2022k6.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nagarjuna_Sagar_Dam

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 700,000 8:00.00 Satrasala, Andhra Pradesh, India Under Construction
Thumb_220px-srisailamdam01-india Srisailam Pumped Hydro Storage

The Srisailam Dam is a dam constructed across the Krishna River at Srisailam in the Kurnool district in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India and is the 3rd largest capacity hydroelectric project in the country.

The dam was constructed in a deep gorge in the Nallamala Hills in Kurnool District, 300 m (980 ft) above sea level. It is 512 m (1,680 ft) long, 269.748 m (885.00 ft) high and has 12 radial crest gates. It has a reservoir of 800 km2 (310 sq mi). The left bank power station houses 6 × 150 MW reversible Francis-pump turbines (for pumped-storage) and the right bank contains 7 × 110 MW Francis-turbine generators.

Dam and spillways
Height 145.10 m (476 ft)[1][2]
Length 512 m (1,680 ft)
Impounds Krishna River
Srisailam Reservoir
Catchment area 206,040 km2 (79,550 sq mi)
Surface area 800 km2 (310 sq mi)

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,670,000 n/a Srisailam , Andhra Pradesh, India Operational
Thumb_poschiavo_lake Campolattaro Pumped Hydro Storage Plant

The planned project connects an existing lower dammed lake with a reservoir higher up to create a single system. This upper reservoir will be newly constructed in a natural dip. The penstocks (pressure duct and output lead) carrying the water are between 5 and 6 metres in diameter, and run for a total of 8 kilometres. They take the water to an underground powerhouse that can operate in turbine or pump mode. During periods of high demand the water drives the powerhouse turbines to generate electricity that is fed into the national 380 kV transmission grid. At periods of low demand, the plant takes up electricity from the grid to pump water into the upper reservoir, where it is stored ready to drive the turbines again at a later stage.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 572,000 n/a Campolattaro , Benevento, Italy Contracted
Venda Nova III Pumped Hydro Station

In early 2015, Venda Nova III will be connected to the grid, becoming Portugal’s largest hydroelectric power station. The project includex engineering and civil construction works for nearly 9 kilometers of underground tunnels, a below-ground powerhouse chamber more than 50 meters high, surge and intake shafts, as well as all other related infrastructure.

http://www.renewableenergyworld.com/rea/blog/post/2010/12/pumped-hydro-to-be-installed-at-portugals-venda-nova-iii

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 736,000 n/a Vieira do Minho, Distrito de Braga, Portugal Under Construction
Thumb_220px-yagisawa-612-r1 Yagisawa Pumped Hydro Power Station

The Yagisawa dam has a height of 131 meters and length of 352 meters. The dam impounds the Tone River and forms a reservoir with a capacity of 204,300,000 m³, catchment area of 167.4 km², and surface area of 570 hectares.

http://www3.toshiba.co.jp/power/english/hydro/products/pump/storage.htm

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 240,000 n/a Minakami, Gunma Prefecture, Japan Operational
Thumb_220px-takami-117-r1 Takami Pumped Hydro Power Station

Environmentally friendly hydroelectric power is well suited to Japan's unique topographical characteristics and climate, which provides abundant rainfall. Although hydroelectric power was once a main source of energy, the ratio of hydroelectric to thermal power has been reversed since 1959. Hydroelectric power plants can quickly be adjusted, and this makes hydroelectricity ideal for the role of compensating for potential shortfalls to meet peak demand. Pumped storage hydroelectric power plants, which pump in water during low-demand evening hours and use it to generate power during peak hours, have become the mainstream of hydroelectric power generation in recent years in Japan.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 200,000 n/a Sapporo, Hokkaidō, Japan Operational
Okawachi Pumped Hydro Power Station

Environmentally friendly hydroelectric power is well suited to Japan's unique topographical characteristics and climate, which provides abundant rainfall. Although hydroelectric power was once a main source of energy, the ratio of hydroelectric to thermal power has been reversed since 1959. Hydroelectric power plants can quickly be adjusted, and this makes hydroelectricity ideal for the role of compensating for potential shortfalls to meet peak demand. Pumped storage hydroelectric power plants, which pump in water during low-demand evening hours and use it to generate power during peak hours, have become the mainstream of hydroelectric power generation in recent years in Japan.

http://www.hitachipowersystems.us/supportingdocs/forbus/hpsa/technical_papers/brochures/Hitachi_Hydroelectric_Equipment.pdf

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydroelectricity_in_Japan#List_of_hydroelectric_power_stations

http://www.fepc.or.jp/english/library/electricity_eview_japan/__icsFiles/afieldfile/2009/04/02/erj2009_18.pdf

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,280 n/a Okawachi, Yamaguchi, Japan Operational
Thumb_kannagawa__1_ Kannagawa Pumped Hydro Plant no.3 - 6

The Kannagawa Hydropower Plant (神流川発電所) is partially operational. This entry details the capacity that is currently under construction with expected commissioning of 4X470 MW turbines in 2022.

The power plant utilizes the Minamiaiki River along with an upper and lower reservoir created by two dams, the upper Minamiaiki Dam and the lower Ueno Dam. The power station in between the two dams will contain six 470 MW pump-generators for a total installed capacity of 2,820 MW. When completed, the plant will have the second-largest (after Bath County Pumped Storage Station) pumped-storage power capacity in the world.

The company says Units 1 and 2 are the first in the world to use a "split runner," which enables simultaneous operation of both the pump and turbine blade. Co-developed with Toshiba, the technology increases the output by 20 MW per unit.

http://www.jepic.or.jp/en/data/EPIJ2012Japan%20data.pdf

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,880,000 n/a Minamiaiki, Nagano, Japan Under Construction
Thumb_capture Numappara Pumped Hydro Power Plant

Under an effective head of 478m, this pumped storage power plant has an installed capacity of 675MW. The upper pond, created taking advantage of the natural topography, is entirely lined with asphalt. Due to the high pressure under the high head, the lower part of the three penstocks are made of 70kg/mm2 high-tensile steel with a maximum thickness of 34mm.

Environmentally friendly hydroelectric power is well suited to Japan's unique topographical characteristics and climate, which provides abundant rainfall. Although hydroelectric power was once a main source of energy, the ratio of hydroelectric to thermal power has been reversed since 1959. Hydroelectric power plants can quickly be adjusted, and this makes hydroelectricity ideal for the role of compensating for potential shortfalls to meet peak demand. Pumped storage hydroelectric power plants, which pump in water during low-demand evening hours and use it to generate power during peak hours, have become the mainstream of hydroelectric power generation in recent years in Japan.

http://www.jpower.co.jp/english/international/consultation/detail_old/se_as_japan21.pdf

http://www.jepic.or.jp/en/data/EPIJJapanData.pdf

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 675,000 n/a Tochigi Prefecture, Honshu, Japan Operational
Thumb_capture Okikuyotsu (Okukiyotsu) No. 2 Pumped Hydro Storage Plant

Okukiyotsu No.2 enlarged the existing Okukiyotsu pumped storage power plant from 1,000MW to 1,600MW. This project uses two existing dams without any modification. The new waterway such as intake, headrace tunnel, surge tank, penstock, tailrace
tunnel, another surge tank and outlet were installed in the layout almost parallelled with existing waterway. The powerhouse is located downstream of the lower reservoir adjacent to the existing powerhouse. This project has two generators; one is of conventional type of 429 rpm and the other has adjustable speed machine from 407 rpm to 450 rpm.

http://www.jpower.co.jp/english/ir/pdf/fact05e.pdf

http://www.jepic.or.jp/en/data/EPIJJapanData.pdf

http://www3.toshiba.co.jp/power/english/hydro/products/pump/index02_3.htm

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 600,000 n/a Niigata Prefecture , Honshū, Japan Operational
Thumb_capture Okikuyotsu (Okukiyotsu) Pumped Hydro Storage Power Plant

This pumped storage power plant consists of two reservoirs both created by dams on the adjacent rivers, two 823m-long headrace tunnels and a powerhouse with an installed capacity of 1,000 MW. Perpendicular to the pumped storage plant, the powerhouse was built on the ground immediately down-stream of the rock fill dam of the lower reservoir. The geological formation around the dam which is hydro-thermal altered the and site did not allow the construction of underground structure.

http://www.jpower.co.jp/english/ir/pdf/fact05e.pdf

http://www.jepic.or.jp/en/data/EPIJJapanData.pdf

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,000,000 n/a Niigata Prefecture, Honshū, Japan Operational
Thumb_capture Ikehara Pumped Hydro Power Plant

Ikehara Project is located on the Kitayama River which is a main tributary of the Shingu River, and consists of a concrete arch dam with a height of 111m and a reservoir with an effective storage capacity of 220.1x106m3. This reservoir serves as the upper reservoir in relation to the existing lower one at Nanairo Reservoir. Utilizing the effective head of 120.5m between both reservoirs, Ikehara pumped-storage power plant generates a maximum output of 350MW.

http://www.jpower.co.jp/english/international/facilities/index.html

http://www.jpower.co.jp/english/international/facilities/index.html

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 350,000 n/a Ikehara, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan Operational
Thumb_capture Nagano Pumped Hydro Power Station

Environmentally friendly hydroelectric power is well suited to Japan's unique topographical characteristics and climate, which provides abundant rainfall. Although hydroelectric power was once a main source of energy, the ratio of hydroelectric to thermal power has been reversed since 1959. Hydroelectric power plants can quickly be adjusted, and this makes hydroelectricity ideal for the role of compensating for potential shortfalls to meet peak demand. Pumped storage hydroelectric power plants, which pump in water during low-demand evening hours and use it to generate power during peak hours, have become the mainstream of hydroelectric power generation in recent years in Japan.

http://www.jpower.co.jp/english/international/facilities/index.html

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 220,000 n/a Nagano , Nagano Prefecture, Japan Operational
Thumb_capture Okinawa Yanbaru Seawater Pumped Storage Power Station

Japan is surrounded on all sides by the sea, and its topography offers favorable conditions for constructing seawater pumped storage power stations. EPDC started the feasibility study of the project in 1987 and plans to commence operation in June 1992.CAD (Computer Aided Design) has been effectively utilized in the course of the study. An upper regulating pond of excavated type is to be made at around an elevation of 150m, approximately 600m from the shoreline. The water(27m3/s) would be conducted by a tunnel from an intake and be discharged from the outlet into the sea.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Okinawa_Yanbaru_Seawater_Pumped_Storage_Power_Station

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 30,000 n/a Kunigami, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan Operational
Thumb_mazegawa Mazegawa Daiichi Pumped Hydro Power Station

Environmentally friendly hydroelectric power is well suited to Japan's unique topographical characteristics and climate, which provides abundant rainfall. Although hydroelectric power was once a main source of energy, the ratio of hydroelectric to thermal power has been reversed since 1959. Hydroelectric power plants can quickly be adjusted, and this makes hydroelectricity ideal for the role of compensating for potential shortfalls to meet peak demand. Pumped storage hydroelectric power plants, which pump in water during low-demand evening hours and use it to generate power during peak hours, have become the mainstream of hydroelectric power generation in recent years in Japan.

http://www.fepc.or.jp/english/energy_electricity/location/hydroelectric/

http://www.industcards.com/ps-japan.htm

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 288,000 n/a Gifu, Gifu Prefecture, Japan Operational
Thumb_okumino Okumino Pumped Hydro Power Station

Environmentally friendly hydroelectric power is well suited to Japan's unique topographical characteristics and climate, which provides abundant rainfall. Although hydroelectric power was once a main source of energy, the ratio of hydroelectric to thermal power has been reversed since 1959. Hydroelectric power plants can quickly be adjusted, and this makes hydroelectricity ideal for the role of compensating for potential shortfalls to meet peak demand. Pumped storage hydroelectric power plants, which pump in water during low-demand evening hours and use it to generate power during peak hours, have become the mainstream of hydroelectric power generation in recent years in Japan.

http://www.jepic.or.jp/en/data/EPIJJapanData.pdf

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 1,500,000 n/a Nagano, Nagano Prefecture, Japan Operational
Thumb_okuyahagi Okuyahagi No. 1 Pumped Hydro Power Station

Environmentally friendly hydroelectric power is well suited to Japan's unique topographical characteristics and climate, which provides abundant rainfall. Although hydroelectric power was once a main source of energy, the ratio of hydroelectric to thermal power has been reversed since 1959. Hydroelectric power plants can quickly be adjusted, and this makes hydroelectricity ideal for the role of compensating for potential shortfalls to meet peak demand. Pumped storage hydroelectric power plants, which pump in water during low-demand evening hours and use it to generate power during peak hours, have become the mainstream of hydroelectric power generation in recent years in Japan.

http://www.fepc.or.jp/english/energy_electricity/location/hydroelectric/

http://www.industcards.com/ps-japan.htm

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 317,000 n/a Asahi-cho Higashikamo-gun, Aichi, Japan Operational
Thumb_okuyahagi Okuyahagi No. 2 Pumped Hydro Power Station

Environmentally friendly hydroelectric power is well suited to Japan's unique topographical characteristics and climate, which provides abundant rainfall. Although hydroelectric power was once a main source of energy, the ratio of hydroelectric to thermal power has been reversed since 1959. Hydroelectric power plants can quickly be adjusted, and this makes hydroelectricity ideal for the role of compensating for potential shortfalls to meet peak demand. Pumped storage hydroelectric power plants, which pump in water during low-demand evening hours and use it to generate power during peak hours, have become the mainstream of hydroelectric power generation in recent years in Japan.

http://www.fepc.or.jp/english/energy_electricity/location/hydroelectric/

http://www.industcards.com/ps-japan.htm

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 780,000 n/a Asahi-cho Higashikamo-gun, Aichi , Japan Operational
Thumb_28989945 Takane Daiichi Pumped Hydro Power Station

Environmentally friendly hydroelectric power is well suited to Japan's unique topographical characteristics and climate, which provides abundant rainfall. Although hydroelectric power was once a main source of energy, the ratio of hydroelectric to thermal power has been reversed since 1959. Hydroelectric power plants can quickly be adjusted, and this makes hydroelectricity ideal for the role of compensating for potential shortfalls to meet peak demand. Pumped storage hydroelectric power plants, which pump in water during low-demand evening hours and use it to generate power during peak hours, have become the mainstream of hydroelectric power generation in recent years in Japan.

http://www.fepc.or.jp/english/library/electricity_eview_japan/__icsFiles/afieldfile/2013/03/28/2013ERJ_16_17.pdf

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 340,000 n/a Fuefuki, Yamanashi, Japan Operational
Niikappu Pumped Hydro Power Plant

Environmentally friendly hydroelectric power is well suited to Japan's unique topographical characteristics and climate, which provides abundant rainfall. Although hydroelectric power was once a main source of energy, the ratio of hydroelectric to thermal power has been reversed since 1959. Hydroelectric power plants can quickly be adjusted, and this makes hydroelectricity ideal for the role of compensating for potential shortfalls to meet peak demand. Pumped storage hydroelectric power plants, which pump in water during low-demand evening hours and use it to generate power during peak hours, have become the mainstream of hydroelectric power generation in recent years in Japan.

http://www.fepc.or.jp/english/energy_electricity/location/hydroelectric/

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 200,000 n/a Niikappu, Hokkaido, Japan Operational
Thumb_220px-hatanagi_i_dam_2007-11-14 Hatanagi No. 1 Pumped Hydro Power Station

The Hatanagi-I (畑薙第一ダム Hatanagi dai-ichi damu?) is a dam on the Ōi River in Aoi-ku, Shizuoka, Shizuoka Prefecture on the island of Honshū, Japan. With a height of 125 metres (410 ft), it is the tallest hollow-core concrete gravity dam in the world. It has a hydroelectric power generating station owned by the Chubu Electric Power Company. It supports a 137 MW pumped-storage hydroelectric power station.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hatanagi-I_Dam

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 137,000 n/a Aoi-ku, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan Operational
Thumb_220px-nabara-1983-r1 Nabara Pumped Hydro Power Station

Environmentally friendly hydroelectric power is well suited to Japan's unique topographical characteristics and climate, which provides abundant rainfall. Although hydroelectric power was once a main source of energy, the ratio of hydroelectric to thermal power has been reversed since 1959. Hydroelectric power plants can quickly be adjusted, and this makes hydroelectricity ideal for the role of compensating for potential shortfalls to meet peak demand. Pumped storage hydroelectric power plants, which pump in water during low-demand evening hours and use it to generate power during peak hours, have become the mainstream of hydroelectric power generation in recent years in Japan.

Two Hitachi francis pump type turbines were installed in 2001 and 2003.

http://www.fepc.or.jp/english/energy_electricity/location/hydroelectric/

http://www.hitachipowersystems.us/supportingdocs/forbus/hpsa/technical_papers/brochures/Hitachi_Hydroelectric_Equipment.pdf

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 620,000 n/a Nabara, Hiroshima Province, Japan Operational
Shin Nariwagawa (Shinanogawa) Pumped Storage Plant

Environmentally friendly hydroelectric power is well suited to Japan's unique topographical characteristics and climate, which provides abundant rainfall. Although hydroelectric power was once a main source of energy, the ratio of hydroelectric to thermal power has been reversed since 1959. Hydroelectric power plants can quickly be adjusted, and this makes hydroelectricity ideal for the role of compensating for potential shortfalls to meet peak demand. Pumped storage hydroelectric power plants, which pump in water during low-demand evening hours and use it to generate power during peak hours, have become the mainstream of hydroelectric power generation in recent years in Japan.

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 303,000 n/a Ojiya City , Niigata Prefecture, Japan Operational
Thumb_ttb_kyogoku_a Kyogoku Pumped Hydro Power Station (Unit 1)

One of three units that will be incorporated into the Kyoguku Pumped Hydro Power Plant. Note, each unit's commissioning date varies. Upon Completion in 2022 the plant will have a total installed capacity of 600MW.

Environmentally friendly hydroelectric power is well suited to Japan's unique topographical characteristics and climate, which provides abundant rainfall. Although hydroelectric power was once a main source of energy, the ratio of hydroelectric to thermal power has been reversed since 1959. Hydroelectric power plants can quickly be adjusted, and this makes hydroelectricity ideal for the role of compensating for potential shortfalls to meet peak demand. Pumped storage hydroelectric power plants, which pump in water during low-demand evening hours and use it to generate power during peak hours, have become the mainstream of hydroelectric power generation in recent years in Japan.

http://www.fepc.or.jp/english/energy_electricity/location/hydroelectric/

http://www.hepco.co.jp/english/environment/pdf/report2008.pdf

http://www.jepic.or.jp/en/data/EPIJ2012Japan%20data.pdf

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 200,000 n/a Kyogoku, Hokkaidō, Japan Under Construction
Thumb_ttb_kyogoku_b Kyogoku Pumped Hydro Power Station (Unit 2)

One of three units that will be incorporated into the Kyoguku Pumped Hydro Power Plant. Note, each unit's commissioning date varies. Upon Completion in 2022 the plant will have a total installed capacity of 600MW.

Environmentally friendly hydroelectric power is well suited to Japan's unique topographical characteristics and climate, which provides abundant rainfall. Although hydroelectric power was once a main source of energy, the ratio of hydroelectric to thermal power has been reversed since 1959. Hydroelectric power plants can quickly be adjusted, and this makes hydroelectricity ideal for the role of compensating for potential shortfalls to meet peak demand. Pumped storage hydroelectric power plants, which pump in water during low-demand evening hours and use it to generate power during peak hours, have become the mainstream of hydroelectric power generation in recent years in Japan.

http://www.fepc.or.jp/english/energy_electricity/location/hydroelectric/

http://www.hepco.co.jp/english/environment/pdf/report2008.pdf

http://www.jepic.or.jp/en/data/EPIJ2012Japan%20data.pdf

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 200,000 n/a Kyogoku, Hokkaidō, Japan Under Construction
Thumb_ttb_kyogoku_b Kyogoku Pumped Hydro Power Station (Unit 3)

One of three units that will be incorporated into the Kyoguku Pumped Hydro Power Plant. Note, each unit's commissioning date varies. Upon Completion in 2022 the plant will have a total installed capacity of 600MW.

Environmentally friendly hydroelectric power is well suited to Japan's unique topographical characteristics and climate, which provides abundant rainfall. Although hydroelectric power was once a main source of energy, the ratio of hydroelectric to thermal power has been reversed since 1959. Hydroelectric power plants can quickly be adjusted, and this makes hydroelectricity ideal for the role of compensating for potential shortfalls to meet peak demand. Pumped storage hydroelectric power plants, which pump in water during low-demand evening hours and use it to generate power during peak hours, have become the mainstream of hydroelectric power generation in recent years in Japan.

http://www.fepc.or.jp/english/energy_electricity/location/hydroelectric/

http://www.hepco.co.jp/english/environment/pdf/report2008.pdf

http://www.jepic.or.jp/en/data/EPIJ2012Japan%20data.pdf

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 200,000 n/a Kyogoku, Hokkaidō , Japan Under Construction
Carthage Water & Electric Plant

EaglePicher's Renewable Energy Storage System (RESS) will include a turnkey storage system with a single point connection and built in controls necessary to be safely Grid Tied. EaglePicher will install a single tier Power Pyramid™ system with Advanced Pb-Acid batteries and 20 kW PV solar and 10 kW wind.

Advanced Lead Acid Battery 100 2:16.00 627 W. Centennial, Carthage, Missouri 64836, United States Under Construction
Ohira Pumped Hydro Power Plant

Environmentally friendly hydroelectric power is well suited to Japan's unique topographical characteristics and climate, which provides abundant rainfall. Although hydroelectric power was once a main source of energy, the ratio of hydroelectric to thermal power has been reversed since 1959. Hydroelectric power plants can quickly be adjusted, and this makes hydroelectricity ideal for the role of compensating for potential shortfalls to meet peak demand. Pumped storage hydroelectric power plants, which pump in water during low-demand evening hours and use it to generate power during peak hours, have become the mainstream of hydroelectric power generation in recent years in Japan.

http://www.kyuden.co.jp/var/rev0/0041/7746/dx84stsj4_all.pdf

Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage 500,000 n/a Yatsushiro-shi, Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan Operational
New York City Demand Reduction Project

EPT’s PowerPyramid™ system will provide 200 kW/900 kWh of energy storage integrated into Arista’s PoD system that will be in